Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

17 de abril de 2021
Erasmus Mundus Master in Public Health in Disasters



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Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre. Facultad de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud. 7ª Planta
Campus del Cristo
33006 Oviedo - España
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Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

Desastres activos

Tropical Cyclone Seroja - Apr 2021

Affected countries: Indonesia, Timor-Leste
Glide: TC-2021-000033-IDN

Tropical Cyclone SEROJA formed over the Savu Sea (eastern Indonesia, bordering Timor-Leste) on 4 April, moving south-west towards the Western Australia coast. On 6 April at 0.00 UTC its centre was approx. 130 km south of Sumba Island (East Nusa Tenggara) and 730 km north-west of Derby Town (Western Australia), with maximum sustained winds of 102 km/h. Following its passage, the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management reports 128 fatalities, 72 people missing and 8,424 people displaced in East Nusa Tenggara. The Government of Timor-Leste reports 27 fatalities and 7,000 displaced in Dili. (ECHO, 6 Apr 2021)

Meanwhile, the impact across eastern Indonesia and Timor-Leste has increased after the passage of SEROJA. National authorities in Indonesia report 138 fatalities, 61 missing individuals, and up to 1,114 destroyed or damaged houses across East Nusa Tenggara Province. In Timor-Leste, heavy rainfall that started affecting the country since the end of March, resulted in flash floods and landslides. According to UN OCHA, at least 42 people died and up to 9,779 people have been temporarily displaced in Dili capital city. (ECHO, 8 Apr 2021)

As of 12 April, the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) reported that as many as 509,604 persons were affected by TC SEROJA, with 11,406 people displaced, 181 deaths, 271 injuries, 45 missing persons while 66,036 houses were reportedly damaged in East Nusa Tenggara and West Nusa Tenggara. (AHA Centre, 13 Apr 2021)

Haiti: Floods - Apr 2021

Affected country: Haiti
Glide: FL-2021-000035-HTI

From 3 to 4 April heavy rains fell over the Northern regions of Haiti. According to last reports from the Civil Protection, flooding was reported in North West, North East and North Departments affecting at least 11 communes. Preliminary assessments indicate a toll of 2,676 affected households, 3 fatalities and 3 people still missing. Rapid assessments by the Ministry of Agriculture (MARNDR) and FAO estimate that 160 hectares of agricultural land have been severely affected. Important loses in livestock were also reported in North East department. Further assessments on the impact on agriculture are still to be undertaken in the departments of North and North East. (OCHA, 10 Apr 2021)

Timor-Leste: Flash Floods - Mar 2021

Affected country: Timor-Leste
Glide: FF-2021-000032-TLS

From 29 March to 4 April, heavy rains across the country have caused flash floods and landslides. A total of 8 municipalities were affected, with the capital Dili and the surrounding low-lying areas the worst affected. According to the latest official figures (7 April) from the Secretariat of State for Civil Protection, a total of 2,375 households – or 9,779 people – are in the 18 official evacuation facilities in Dili. There are many more displaced – including many women and children - in informal evacuation sites across the city. To date, a total of 42 fatalities (including 13 who are still missing and presumed dead) have been recorded. (UN RC/HC Timor-Leste, 7 Apr 2021)

On 8 April, the Government of Timor-Leste declared a state of calamity in Dili for a period of 30 days and requested for international assistance to the flood response. According to the latest official figures (9 April) from the Secretariat of State for Civil Protection, a total of 2,315 households – or 13,554 people – have been temporarily displaced by the floods. The displaced are in the 40 evacuation facilities across Dili and in the communities. (UN RC/HC Timor-Leste, 9 Apr 2021)

According to the latest official figures (14 April) from the Ministry of State Administration, which leads the Task Force for Civil Protection and Natural Disaster Management, a total of 25,709 households have reportedly been affected by the floods across all 13 municipalities. Of whom, 45% - or 11,558 households – are in Dili municipality. According to the same report, 4,546 houses across all municipalities have reportedly been destroyed or damaged. According to the latest figures from the Secretariat of State for Civil Protection, currently there are 8,852 temporary displaced persons in 29 evacuation facilities across Dili, the worst-affected municipality. To date, a total of 45 fatalities (including 10 who are still missing and presumed dead) have been recorded. (UN RC/HC Timor-Leste, 15 Apr 2021)

Bangladesh: Cox’s Bazar Camp Settlement Fire - Mar 2021

Affected country: Bangladesh
Glide: FR-2021-000027-BGD

On 22 March 2021, a massive fire swept through the camp settlement in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh, destroying shelters and facilities and endangering lives across four camps. So far, 11 casualties have been reported, and 55,000 people have been displaced. According to data shared by the camp authority, a total of 563 people from the affected camps have been injured and 339 are missing. It is understood that there are approximately 10,000 damaged shelters...According to the Flash Update issued by the ISCG Secretariat, among the essential facilities impacted by the fire are the IOM primary healthcare clinic, MSF clinic, Turkish hospital and LPG distribution points. No BDRCS facility or infrastructure has been affected as a relatively small amount of programming is undertaken in the affected areas. While there has been a history of several fires in the camp settlement in past times including two incidents in January this year, the intensity and scale of this latest fire is unprecedented. Cramped conditions in the severely congested settlement are believed to have contributed to the quick escalation of the fire. (IFRC, 27 Mar 2021)

Following the massive fire, and a joint needs assessment conducted, it was ascertained that 10,100 households are without shelters and 48,300 persons were directly affected by the fire. Currently there are 15,000 persons from fire affected camps residing outside of their camps of origin, and at least 30,000 individuals have returned to their origin camps following the distributions of shelter kits. A build-back-safer strategy has been prepared to redevelop the camps affected by the fires, addressing key issues such as fire breaks and access, rationalizing of facilities, preventing the risk of landslides and slope stabilisation, and shelter reconstruction. (ISCG, 31 Mar 2021)

As of 6 April, more than 61,000 people were affected, of which at least 2,000 received emergency medical support. There are more than 12,000 shelters damaged and approximately 67,000 litres of drinking water has been provided. (BRAC, 6 Apr 2021)

Mongolia: Sandstorm - Mar 2021

Affected countries: China, Mongolia
Glide: ST-2021-000024-MNG

Violent gust of wind swept across the country from 14 to 15 March 2021 where the wind speed reached from 18 to 34 meter per second in Uvurkhangai, Bulgan, and Umnugovi provinces, while in Dundgovi province, the wind speed was at 22 to 40 meters per second. The wind speed also reached 16 to 28 meters per second in Govi-Altai, Bayankhongor, Arkhangai, Tuv, Khentii, Dornod, Sukhbaatar, and Dornogovi. According to the Mongolian Government Resolution No. 286 of 2015, should the wind speed reach 18 meters per second, it is considered as disaster while if the wind speed exceeds 24 meters per second, it is considered as the catastrophic phenomenon. This event is therefore considered as catastrophic. As of 10:00 am on 16 March, estimated damage and loss include 10 casualties (1 minor and 9 adults) and 1.6 million livestock missing. (IFRC, 19 Mar 2021)

Equatorial Guinea: Bata Explosions - Mar 2021

Affected country: Equatorial Guinea
Glide: AC-2021-000020-GNQ

On 7 March, a series of explosions occurred at an armoury of the Nkuantoma Gendarmerie and military barracks in Bata (the economic capital of Equatorial Guinea). According to state media reports on 8 March, at least 30 people have been killed and 700 wounded in the explosions. These numbers are likely to increase as rescue teams continue to search for survivors. The explosions have caused widespread damage to residential buildings. The Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation has called for international support describing the situation as catastrophic. Medical and WASH support is urgently needed including mobile hospitals, medical and WASH equipment, and medicines. Temporary shelter, food assistance and psychological support for victims are also critical. (OCHA, 8 Mar 2021)

A series of explosions on Sunday in Equatorial Guinea is now known to have killed 31 people, officials say. The number of those injured rose to 600. The blasts hit a military base in the country’s main city, Bata. Officials blame badly stored dynamite along with stubble burning by nearby farmers. Teams including volunteers continue to search the wreckage of buildings and homes for victims. There are fears the death toll could rise further as some victims may still be trapped. In a statement, President Obiang Nguema said the blasts had been caused “by the negligence of a unit charged with the care and protection of stores of dynamite and explosives” at the Nkoantoma military base. He said the base had “caught fire due to neighbouring farmers clearing farming land by setting it alight, leading to the explosion”. The president has appealed for international aid. (AOAV, 9 Mar 2021)

The National Red Cross Society’s initial assessments identified at least 3,900 people (780 households) as directly affected, including 400 households (2,000 people) in Nkuantoma Military Camp, 100 households (500 people) in Mondong, 150 households (750 people) in Razel and 130 households (650 people) in Nkuantoma neighbourhood. This figure was corroborated by satellite imagery from UNOSAT issued on 13 March indicating that some 603 structures were damaged, 238 of which were destroyed and 365 severely or moderately damaged. Many people living within the vicinity of the military camps were able to return to their homes 72 hours after the explosions. However, multi-sectoral needs assessments planned to start from Monday 22 March by the UNDAC team and partners will determine the extent of the humanitarian impact. (OCHA, 21 Mar 2021)

Algeria: Floods - Mar 2021

Affected country: Algeria
Glide: FL-2021-000023-DZA

Heavy rain has been affecting north-western Algeria (in particular the Chlef Province) since 6 March, causing flash floods that have resulted in casualties and damage. Media reports, as of 8 March, seven fatalities and three people missing across Oud Sly Municipality (west of Chlef City, Chlef Province), due to flood-related incidents. In addition, a number of damaged houses and several closed roads (including a section of the east-west highway) were reported across the same Province. More than 300 civil protection agents were deployed for search and rescue operations. (ECHO, 8 Mar 2021)

The floods caused severe damages to houses and infrastructure, sweeping away vehicles with its passengers, leading to the death of ten people washed away by the water flood including three children. On 06 March, specialized flood support teams consisting of 300 Civil Defence personnel specialized in search and rescue teams were deployed for search and rescue in flooded areas and under the rubble. More than 500 families have been affected by the immense floods as the flashing mud water high levels made way through houses and markets. Among which, 280 families have left their damaged houses to seek shelter in an emergency centre set by the Ministry of Solidarity. (IFRC, 19 Mar 2021)

Iran: Earthquake - Feb 2021

Affected country: Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Glide: EQ-2021-000018-IRN

On February 17, according to the Iranian Seismological Centre a 5.6 magnitude earthquake hit the country. The epicentre was 11 km from Sisakht city, 19 km from Madovan city and 20 km from Komeh city in Isfahan province. Based on the magnitude and the distance to the populated areas around, a number of 19 cities with a population of 257,661 individuals and 1,144 villages have been affected by the disaster. So far, six (6) aftershocks reported (the biggest is 3.6). According to the report from the Ministry of housing, 380 houses have been seriously damaged in Sisakht city and 47 in Samirom city. The total population in Sisakht is over 10,000 individuals, in Madovan district is 18,078 and in Komeh city 2,184. The total urban population is over 182,000 with 45,517 housing units, while the total rural populations is 197,140 with 48,627 housing units. (IFRC, 26 Feb 2021)

Peru: Floods - Feb 2021

Affected country: Peru
Glide: FL-2021-000019-PER

Heavy rain from 15 to 18 February caused a river to overflow in Madre de Dios Department (south-eastern Peru), which resulted in extensive flooding. According to UN OCHA and national authorities, more than 6,600 people have been affected and about 1,700 houses damaged or destroyed, due to the overflow of Madre de Dios River. Flooding has affected nine health centres, more than 160 km of roads, and 20 bridges and power outages and water disruptions have been reported. The most affected areas are the departments in Tambopata, Tahuamanu and Manu Provinces. A state of emergency has been issued for Madre de Dios Department and national authorities are assisting the affected population with food and relief items. (ECHO, 24 Feb 2021)

DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - Feb 2021

Affected country: Democratic Republic of the Congo
Glide: EP-2021-000014-COD

The Butembo branch of the National Institute of Biomedical Research (INRB) confirmed Ebola in samples taken from a patient with Ebola-like symptoms who had sought treatment at a local health centre. The woman was the wife of an Ebola survivor. She has since died. Butembo was one of the epicentres of the previous Ebola outbreak in eastern DRC. It is not unusual for sporadic cases to occur following a major outbreak. Due to the enormous local capacity built in the previous outbreak, the North Kivu Provincial health authorities are leading the current response with support from the Ministry of Health and the World Health Organization (WHO). WHO provided training to laboratory technicians, contact tracers, local vaccination teams and reached out to community groups to raise Ebola awareness as well as put in place an Ebola survivor programme. (WHO, 7 Feb 2021)

As of 4 March 2021, the situation is the following: 11 confirmed EVD cases, including 4 deaths, across 6 health areas in 4 health zones: Biena, Katwa, Butembo and Musienene; Two health workers among confirmed cases; 57% case fatality rate; 856 people vaccinated; only 36% of cases were among people who had been listed as contacts and benefited from vaccination, demonstrating critical gaps in surveillance; average time to have people isolated after first symptoms is five days. (IFRC, 12 Mar 2021)

Afghanistan: Drought - Feb 2021

Affected country: Afghanistan
Glide: DR-2021-000022-AFG

Afghanistan has been experiencing below-normal rainfall since October 2020. Such conditions are expected to continue through the first half of 2021 in the country according to forecasters. The conditions have affected the winter season snow accumulation, which is critical for water access during the spring and summer agricultural seasons. It is anticipated that the situation will have an impact on both rain-fed and irrigated agriculture/livestock, as well as on the availability of water for drinking, washing, and sanitation. Mid-March through to the end of July will likely be the peak period during which drought impacts on crops and livestock (agricultural drought) would manifest. The wheat production deficit is expected to be 16 to 27 per cent this year and as a result, requiring increased top-up from international suppliers. Such drivers would further affect communities already suffering from the ongoing economic crises exacerbated by the secondary effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including high prices of basic commodities, conflict, and food insecurity.

The ongoing food insecurity situation is very much worse than the previous years. According to the IPC report, from November 2019 to March 2020, 2,695,000 people were in IPC phase 4 and 8,591,000 people were in IPC phase 3. Based on the same IPC report (produced recently by Food Security Cluster and Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation, and Livestock), between November 2020 and March 2021 – a period that corresponds to the lean season –around 13.15 million people (42% of the total population) have been experiencing high levels of acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 or above), out of which nearly 4.3 million people are in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and an estimated 8.85 million people are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). Moreover, only five provinces of the country were in IPC phase 4 in the first quarter of 2020, but by March 2021, 10 provinces of the country are classified in IPC phase 4. (IFRC, 19 Mar 2021)

Guinea: Ebola Outbreak - Jan 2021

Affected country: Guinea
Glide: EP-2021-000016-GIN

Health authorities in Guinea today declared an outbreak of Ebola in the rural community of Gouéké in N’Zerekore prefecture after three Ebola cases were confirmed by the national laboratory, marking the first time the disease has been reported in the country since an outbreak ended in 2016. Initial investigations found that a nurse from the local health facility died on the 28 January 2021. Following her burial, six people who attended the funeral reported Ebola-like symptoms and two of them have died, while the other four have been hospitalized. Guinea was one of the three most-affected countries in the 2014–2016 West Africa Ebola outbreak which was the largest since the virus was first discovered in 1976. (WHO, 14 Feb 2021)

Ebola vaccination of people at high risk kicked off today in Guinea as the emergency response was escalated to counter the spread of the virus that re-emerged in the country a little more than a week ago for the first time since 2016. (WHO, 23 Feb 2021)

As of 3 March, 17 cumulative cases (4 probable and 13 confirmed) have been declared and among those cases, eight have died (4 probable and 3/4 confirmed). Nine confirmed cases and two suspected case are currently in isolation in dedicated health care facilities in N'Zerekore and two have been released from the treatment centres in of Conakry and N'Zerekore. (IOM, 4 Mar 2021)

Cumulatively, 23 cases of EVD had been notified, including 16 confirmed and 7 probable cases; 2 people (1 confirmed and 1 suspected cases) are currently hospitalized at the ETC of N'Zérékoré. There was 1 new suspected case notified in N'Zérékoré. There are 12 EVD deaths recorded in total, including 5 confirmed and 7 probable cases; overall, 5 healthcare workers (HCWs) have been infected by the Ebola virus leading to 2 deaths (1 confirmed and 1 probable cases), and 9 people have recovered from the EVD. 97 EVD contacts are being followed up in N’Zérékoré and 5,125 people have been vaccinated. (IOM, 6 Apr 2021)

Syria: Floods - Jan 2021

Affected country: Syrian Arab Republic
Glide: FL-2021-000007-SYR

A six-year-old boy has died and more than 20,000 children have been displaced by heavy flooding in North West Syria. At least 41,200 people have been affected by a heavy storm which has caused extreme flooding on Monday in northern Idlib and western Aleppo. Most of the people affected have already faced years of being uprooted from their homes due to conflict. At least 62 camps and 2,558 tents have been damaged or destroyed by the storm, often sweeping away the only possessions people had after nearly a decade of displacement. Tens of thousands of people scattered to find shelter from the ongoing storm in schools and mosques. Others were forced to sleep in the open air last night, in temperatures below zero. (Save the Children, 19 Jan 2021)

Following the heavy rainfall that caused widespread floods in Idlib and Aleppo refugee camps (north-western Syria) over the past week. According to the Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) more than 24,354 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in 99 sites were affected by the recent flood as of 24 January. It has resulted in one death and three injuries with some 4,575 tents either destroyed or damaged. Consolidation of numbers and response through NGOs and clusters continues. Humanitarian organizations are providing help for those most affected with tents, mattresses, blankets, plastic sheets and ready meals. (ECHO, 26 Jan 2021)

Heavy rainfall and strong winds have resulted in flooding across north-western Syria since mid-January. According to the Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) cluster in Gaziantep, close to 142,000 Internally Displaced People (IDPs) were affected across 407 IDP sites. The number of fatalities stands at one and three individuals have been injured. About 25,600 tents have been damaged or destroyed and several roads, leading to camps and pathways within camps, have been severely affected. (ECHO, 5 Feb 2021)

In March, heavy winds across northwest Syria resulted in damage to 88 IDP sites. According to the CCCM Cluster, from 11 to 24 March, some 1,521 tents were damaged as a result of the heavy winds, with families forced to temporarily move in with relatives and neighbours in the IDP sites. The heavy winds increased the need for tent replacements, food, and plastic sheets, compounding with existing needs caused by the flooding incidents and winterisation needs in recent months. Since the last situation report on 24 February, the CCCM also reported on flood incidents impacting 15 IDP sites that led to the destruction of 607 shelters and partial damage to 1,475 shelters. (OCHA, 30 Mar 2021)

Tropical Cyclone Eloise - Jan 2021

Affected countries: Eswatini, Madagascar, Mozambique, South Africa, Zimbabwe
Glide: TC-2021-000008-MOZ

A low-pressure weather system that formed in the south-west Indian Ocean on 14 January has evolved into a moderate tropical storm, named Eloise, and is expected to make landfall in north-eastern Madagascar between 19 and 20 January, according to different weather services. The storm, which is currently about 700 km from the coast of Madagascar, continues to strengthen and could hit the country between Antalaha and Tamatave, potentially as a severe tropical storm, according to the Global Disaster Alert Coordination System. (OCHA, 18 Jan 2021)

In Madagascar, more than 1,000 people have been directly affected, at least one died, and more than 50 houses were destroyed, as Tropical Storm Eloise passed through Antalaha, Maroantsetra, Vavatenina and Toamasina districts. (OCHA, 20 Jan 2021)

Tropical Storm Eloise is in the Mozambique Channel, where it is forecast to intensify into a tropical cyclone on Friday, 22 January. The storm is expected to make landfall in Sofala Province, Mozambique, probably on Saturday, 23 January. Heavy rainfall, strong winds and thunderstorms are expected in several districts of Nampula, Sofala and Zambezia provinces in Mozambique from 22 January. Latest forecasts indicate that the storm may then pass through southern Zimbabwe. (OCHA, 21 Jan 2021)

Tropical Cyclone Eloise made landfall in central Mozambique on 23 January at around 2 a.m., near the coastal city of Beira, with winds of 140 km/h and gusts up to 160 km/h, according to Mozambique’s National Institute of Meteorology (INAM). Beira received 250 mm of rain in 24 hours, according to INAM, while other areas that were flooded ahead of Eloise’s landfall—including Buzi and Nhamatanda—also received additional heavy rains. After landfall, Eloise downgraded to a moderate tropical storm with a maximum wind speed of 83 km/hr. The weather system continues to move in a westerly direction, bringing high amounts of rainfall in its wake, according to the South Africa Weather Services (SAWS). (OCHA, 23 Jan 2021)

According to the National Institute for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction (INGD), more than 175,000 people have been affected by the cyclone in Mozambique, and over 8,000 houses have been destroyed, damaged, or flooded. Thus far, six people are confirmed dead since Eloise made landfall on Saturday. Three days later, a total of 32 accommodation centres have been activated in Sofala province to provide temporary shelter for over 15,000 men, women and children. According to an assessment by the IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) and Mozambique’s INGD, needs at these accommodation centres include food, tents, potable water, hygiene kits, COVID-19 prevention materials, mosquito nets, blankets, flashlights, tarps, health kits, and soap. (IOM, 26 Jan 2021)

The Tropical storm landed in South Africa on the 24 January 2021 after it was predicted by South African Weather Service.According to a Government report through its Command-and-Control Centre, some 3,200 people (640 HH) in Kwa Zulu Natal, Mpumalanga and Limpopo provinces have been affected by heavy rains and flooding following Tropical Storm Eloise. The tropical storms also extended to other provinces with no damages. The floods triggered by the heavy rain have reportedly killed four people so far. Across all the three provinces, homes were partially or completely destroyed, families. (IFRC, 3 Feb 2021).

Indonesia: Earthquake - Jan 2021

Affected country: Indonesia
Glide: EQ-2021-000003-IDN

A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck the West Sulawesi Province in Indonesia on 15 January. The Meteorological, Climatological and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) recorded 32 aftershocks with lower magnitudes in the province until 16 January morning. As of 16 January at 2 PM Jakarta time, the Indonesian Agency for Disaster Management (BNPB) has reported 46 people killed and 826 people injured by the earthquake in the districts of Mamuju and Majene. More than 15,000 people have been temporarily displaced in 15 evacuation sites within the two districts. These numbers are likely to increase as search and rescue operations and assessments continue. Heavy damages have been reported by both districts, including the Governor’s office, two hospitals, 25 schools, two hotels, a minimarket, a community health centre, Mamuju Seaport, a bridge, a TNI office and over 300 houses also sustained damages. The initially blocked access road between Majene and Mamuju is passable as of 16 January. Electricity, communications networks and fuel supply have started to become functional. Mamuju Aiport is operational. BNPB identified a number of urgent needs which include blankets, mats, tarpaulin, tents, medical services, medicines and vitamins, masks, PPE, drinking water and ready-to-eat meals, excavators and other heavy equipment, as well as communications equipment. (OCHA, 16 Jan 2021)

As of 18 January, 84 people were confirmed killed, 932 people injured, and about 40,000 people are directly affected and displaced in Mamuju and Majene Districts. Heavy damages have been reported by both districts, including the Governor’s office, three hospitals and health facilities, eight mosques, two hotels, a bridge, and over 1,150 houses sustained damages. Initial reports estimate 59 schools and 40 Islamic schools were also damaged. The Provincial Government has declared the emergency response status for 14 days until 28 January. (OCHA, 19 Jan 2021)

As of 24 January, a M6.2 earthquake that occurred in West Sulawesi on 15 January has displaced at least 94,500 people across Mamuju, Majene, and Polewali Mandar into 356 evacuation centres. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), a total of 92 people were reported dead, three missing, and approximately 3,300 people injured. (AHA Centre, 24 Jan 2021)

Between January and early February, Indonesian Red Cross, with support from the IFRC deployed a team to conduct multi-sectoral assessments to identify needs and map capacities in the field. The key findings were regarding to shelter, where needs for emergency, transitional, and permanent shelter support exist. The Government of Indonesia (GOI) is planning to provide permanent support to households which sustained heavy damaged houses, while other organizations were requested to support affected households during the transition to recovery. A total of 3,836 housing units were severely damaged or destroyed, 4,983 houses sustained medium to partial damage, and 6,703 houses were slightly damaged. (IFRC, 9 Mar 2021)

Indonesia: Floods and Landslides - Jan 2021

Affected country: Indonesia
Glide: FL-2021-000005-IDN

Indonesia’s Meteorological, Climatological, and Geophysical Agency predicts the peak of La Nina to occur in December 2020 and January 2021. The peak of La Nina coincides with the peak of rainy season which usually occurs between January and February. The agency also states that this phenomenon could increase precipitation which triggers heavy rainfall across the country. During this period, Indonesia frequently suffers flood and landslides. As of January 14, 2021, several provinces in the country had reported floods and landslides since the beginning of the year[:]
- Flooding in Lhokseumawe and Langsa, Aceh province, 4 January 2021
- Flash Flooding in Malang District, East Java Province, 8 January 2021
- Flooding in Nunukan District, North Kalimantan, 8 January 2021
- Flooding in Bima, West Nusa Tenggara, 10 January 2021
- Landslides in Sumedang District, West Java Province, 11 January 2021
- Flooding in Solok, West Sumatra, 12 January 2021
- Flooding across South Kalimantan Province, up to 14 January 2021
- Floods in Bandung District, West Java Province, 13 January 2021 (IFRC, 16 Jan 2021)

As of 17 January, seven cities / regencies in South Kalimantan were affected by the flood triggered by high intensity rain since 9 January. At least 210,140 people were affected by the flood with around 39,500 people displaced according to the report from Indonesia’s Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana (BNPB). Most of the flood area are not only concentrated in the downstream of the Barito watershed, but also spreading across affected regencies. (AHA Centre, 18 Jan 2021)

The Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) and the AHA Centre report, as of 21 January, 114 displaced people, more than 21,150 affected people and nearly 5,400 damaged buildings in Cirebon Regency (West Java Province). In addition, around 1,600 displaced, nearly 3,600 affected and 760 damaged buildings were reported across East Aceh, and Aceh Tamiang Regencies (Aceh Province). Moreover, more than 70 affected families and 12 damaged buildings were reported in Paniai Regency (Papua Province). (ECHO, 21 Jan 2021)

Since 18 January heavy rainfall has been reported across Java, northern Sumatra and northern Sulawesi Islands (Indonesia), triggering flooding which resulted in fatalities, affected about 4,350 residents and damaged at least 519 buildings. According to AHA Centre, two people died and two others were injured in Mandao City (North Sulawesi Province), as a result of flooding caused by heavy rainfall and river overflow, while minor landslides have been also reported. More than 2,235 individuals have been displaced in North Sulawesi, Aceh Province (north Sumatra) and East Java Province. (ECHO, 25 Jan 2021)

According to reports from the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), heavy rainfall in West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia resulted in localised flooding incidents. Flash floods have been reported in Sumbawa Regency. Meanwhile in West Lombok, the heavy rain increased discharge of the Telaga Lebur and Kelep Rivers. Lastly in Central Lombok, the heavy rainfall resulted in flooding. These events affected 1,700 families (6,000 people) and damaged 1,700 houses. According to latest reports, the rain has subsided, and the floods have started to recede. (AHA Centre, 31 Jan 2021)

Widespread floods caused by heavy rainfall have been affecting Kalimantan (Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo) and Java over the past few days, resulting in casualties and damage. According to the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management (AHA Centre), more than 1,100 people have been affected, 90 houses damaged as well as several infrastructures across the Provinces of West Java and East Java. The Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) reports 1,183 affected people and 483 damaged houses in Balangan Regency (South Kalimantan Province). (ECHO, 3 Feb 2021)

The Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) reports, as of 4 February, one fatality, one person missing, 65 displaced and 11,650 affected people and eight houses severely damaged across Pasuruan Regency (East Java Province). Around ten displaced people, 3,100 affected people and 620 damaged houses were also reported in Nganjuk Regency in the same Province. In addition, more than 10,650 affected people and nearly 3,250 damaged houses were reported across Kudus Regency (Central Java Province). (ECHO, 5 Feb 2021)

Rainy season floods have continued in a number of locations in Indonesia in the past week, including in Jakarta, Bogor, Pekalongan, Cilegon, Jember in Java, Singkawang and Bengkayang in West Kalimantan, as well as in Bima, Dompu, and East Lombok. Large floods and landslides in Semarang City in Central Java on 5-7 February resulted in four deaths and millions of people affected. On 6-7 February, heavy rain in Bekasi and Karawang in West Java caused flooding which resulted in at least 9,000 households displaced. While on 2-3 February, floods in Kudus in Central Java directly affected over 10,000 people. Local governments have responded to the emergencies. (OCHA, 9 Feb 2021)

Following widespread floods and landslides that have been affecting West Java Province since 4 February, the number of casualties has increased. According to the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management (AHA Centre), 63,700 people have been displaced, 156,800 affected and 39,100 houses damaged across eight Regencies. Additional floods have been reported in West Nusa Tenggara Province where 1,695 people have been displaced and 3,875 affected, and in Papua Province with 4,406 affected people. (ECHO, 11 Feb 2021)

Heavy rainfall has been affecting Central Java Province since 10 February, causing floods, triggering landslides and resulting in fatalities and damage. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), two people have died, one is missing, 90 people have been displaced and 108 families have been affected across five villages in Kebumen Regency (southern Central Java Province). In addition, 108 houses were flooded as well as one school. (ECHO, 12 Feb 2021)

A landslide triggered by heavy rainfall occurred in Ngetos Village (Nganjuk Regency, East Java Province) on 14 February, resulting in casualties and damage. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management, two people have died, 16 are still missing, 17 have been injured and eight houses severely damaged. At the same time, some parts of East Java Province have been hit by widespread floods, leading to 357 people displaced and 294 families affected. (ECHO, 15 Feb 2021)

After the landslide occurred in Ngetos Village (Ngetos District, Nganjuk Regency, East Java Province) on 14 February, the number of casualties has increased. The Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) reports, as of 16 February, nine fatalities, 16 injured, 156 displaced and 175 affected people. In addition, eight buildings were reported severely damaged. (ECHO, 16 Feb 2021)

Heavy rain has been affecting Java Island (in particular West Java, and Jakarta Provinces), since 19 February, causing rivers overflow and floods that have resulted in casualties and damage. The Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) reports, as of 22 February, more than 4,180 displaced, 28,329 affected people and 8,539 damaged houses across Karawang Regency (West Java Province) due to the overflow of the Citarum River. In addition, five destroyed houses were reported across Bekasi Regency in the same Province. In the Jakarta City area, the same source reports more than 1,220 displaced and around 1,100 affected people. Flooding was also reported in Bekasi Regency on 21 February. (ECHO, 22 Feb 2021)

Heavy rain continued to affect the Java Island (in particular West Java, and Jakarta Provinces) since 19 February, causing rivers overflow and floods that have resulted in more casualties and damage. The Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) reports, as of 23 February, five fatalities, two people missing, nearly 31,400 evacuated and more than 176,150 affected people across the Grater Jakarta area. In addition, almost 19,100 displaced and more than 52,500 affected people were reported across Karawang Regency (West Java Province), in particular due to the overflow of the Citarum River. (ECHO, 23 Feb 2021)

On 22-23 February, heavy rain caused flooding in West Nusa Tenggara Province (Lesser Sunda Islands) affecting at least 4,800 residents, as reported by AHA Centre. In addition, floodwaters have damaged about 1,100 houses across Dompu and Sumbawa Regencies. (ECHO, 24 Feb 2021)

Heavy rain and strong wind have been reported across several areas of Indonesia, causing landslides, flooding and tornado events, which resulted in at least eight fatalities. According to national authorities, a landslide occurred in Pamekasan Regency (East Java Province) on 24 February, killing five people, injuring a number of individuals and damaging around 20 houses. Another landslide event occurred on the same day in Parigi Moutong Regency (Central Sulawesi Province), leading to three fatalities and five individuals are still missing. AHA Centre reports that a tornado event in Demak Regency (Central Java Province) affected more than 650 people displaced 45 individuals, and damaged around 200 buildings. Flooding triggered by heavy rain in West Halmahera Regency (North Maluku Province) left 100 affected residents and damaged 20 public buildings. (ECHO, 25 Feb 2021)

Flooding caused by heavy rain on 23 February has been reported in six sub-districts of Semarang City (Central Java Province). According to AHA Centre, about 90,590 residents were affected and 9,169 houses have been flooded. Local authorities continue with rapid assessment operations and are assisting the affected population with food and relief items. (ECHO, 26 Feb 2021)

Heavy rain continues to affect the Java Island (in particular Central Java Province) since 23 February, causing floods and triggering landslides that have resulted in more casualties and damage. Media reports as of 1 March, one fatality in Tegalsari (Semarang City, Central Java Province) due to the floods and three rescued people in Gajahmungkur (Semarang City) due to landslides. Previously, more than 90,500 affected people were reported across six districts (East Semarang, North Semarang, West Semarang, Pedurungan, Genuk and Gayam Sari) of the same Province. (ECHO, 1 Mar 2021)

On 1-2 March, heavy rain caused flooding and river overflow in East Java Province (Indonesia), resulting in at least 2,160 affected people. As reported by AHA Centre, the hardest-hit areas are Bojonegoro and Banyuwangi Regencies. In Bojonegoro Regency, the overflow of Anak Pacal River has damaged about 386 houses and one medical facility and at least 46 housing units have been damaged in Banyuwangi Regency. (ECHO, 4 Mar 2021)

Heavy rainfall events in Jayawijaya Regency, Papua, that occurred since 1 Mar, caused the flood which affected over 30,000 persons (6,000 families), damaging 1,200 houses, eight medical facilities, seven educational facilities, more than 5,000 ha of agriculture area, fishponds, and livestock in 23 districts. On 4 Mar, heavy rainfall events caused the overflowing of Citarik river and resulted flood in Bandung Regency, affecting around 25,000 people and damaging at least 5,000 houses. (AHA Centre, 7 Mar 2021)

Heavy rain and strong wind affected central Indonesia (particularly Bangka Belitung Islands and Lampung Provinces) over 4-6 March, causing a number of severe weather-related incidents (particularly due to the strong wind) that have resulted in casualties and damage. The Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) reports, as of 9 March, 51 affected families and a number of damaged houses across Toboali District (South Bangka Regency, Bangka Belitung Islands Province). In addition, the same source reports 69 affected families and 62 damaged houses across Metro Kibang District (East Lampung Regency, Lampung Province). (ECHO, 9 Mar 2021)

Widespread floods triggered by heavy rain have been affecting Sumbawa Island (Lesser Sunda Islands) and southern Borneo since 9 March, leading to casualties and damage. According to the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management (AHA Centre), 1,880 people have been affected and 470 houses damaged in Dompu Regency (West Nusa Tenggara Province). The same source reports 699 people affected and 151 damaged buildings in Balangan Regency (South Kalimantan Province). (ECHO, 10 Mar 2021)

Widespread floods triggered by heavy rain continue to hit several parts of Sumatra, Java and Sulawesi Islands, leading to casualties and damage. According to the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management (AHA Centre), in Java, almost 4,000 people have been affected and more than 800 buildings damaged across the Provinces of Central Java and East Java. The same source reports more than 2,400 affected people in South Sulawesi Province (1,239) and West Sumatra Province (1,223). Local and national authorities are providing assistance to those affected and conducting damage assessment operations. (ECHO, 15 Mar 2021)

Heavy rain continues to affect parts of Java, causing flooding and landslides. As reported by the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management (AHA Centre), 650 people have been affected and 120 houses have been damaged by flooding in Bojonegoro Regency (East Java Province). The same source also reports a landslide in Tangerang District (Banten Province), which has affected at least 500 residents and damaged one road infrastructure. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), a tornado event occurred on 17 March in Banyuwangi Regency (East Java Province), damaging about 16 houses. (ECHO, 18 Mar 2021)

The Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) and the AHA Centre report, as of 19 March, 1,974 affected people, 416 damaged buildings and some damaged roads across North Gorontalo Regency (Gorontalo Province) due to floods. In addition, 726 affected people and 200 damaged buildings were also reported across Gresik Regency (East Java), also in this case due to floods. (ECHO, 19 Mar 2021)

Heavy rain has been affecting central Indonesia (in particular Java, and Sulawesi Islands) since 23 March, causing floods and landslides that have resulted in evacuations and damage. The Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) reports as of 26 March, 11 evacuated people and 53 affected people in Batu City (Malang Regency, East Java Province) due to a landslide. In addition, BNPB reports 1,490 affected people and around 315 damaged houses across North Gorontalo Regency (Gorontalo Province) due to floods. (ECHO, 26 Mar 2021)

Days of heavy rain and strong winds in central Indonesia resulted in river overflow and floods. The Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) and the AHA Centre report nearly 1,100 affected and more than 275 damaged building across Central Kalimantan Province (in Murung Raya Regency) and West Java Province (in Bogor Regency and Bandung City). In Bandung Regency (West Java Province) 5 people were injured, around 1,500 affected and more than 300 buildings damaged by the strong winds. (ECHO, 29 Mar 2021)

Heavy rain in Indonesia (particularly Java, and Sulawesi Islands) in the last week has caused river overflow, notably the Citarum River on Java, triggering floods and flash floods. The Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) reports as of 30 March, nearly 40 displaced people, around 60,500 affected people and more than 10,000 damaged houses across Bandung Regency (West Java Province), following flooding. The most affected area is the Baleendah District with nearly 32,800 affected people. In addition, nearly 165 people were displaced in two evacuation centres across Siau Islands Regency (North Sulawesi Province) due to flash floods on 29 March. (ECHO, 30 Mar 2021)

Due to the high intensity rain that occurred on Tuesday, March 30, 2021, at 14:30 WIB, the coastal flood inundated at least ±12,335 households in six urban villages including: Belawan I, Belawan II, Sicanang, Bahari, Bahagia, and Bagan Deli. It is estimated about 52,316 people were affected by the flood (BNPB). (AHA Centre, 1 Apr 2021)

On 29 March - 1 April, several flooding and landslide events, triggered by heavy rainfall, occurred mostly in Java, Sumatra, and western Lesser Sunda Islands, resulting in about 75,506 affected people, and at least 50 displaced residents. According to reports from AHA Centre, at least 16,381 houses, 21 schools, and 16 places of worship have been destroyed or damaged. On 29 April, a landslide occurred in Solok Regency (West Sumatra Province), isolating 2,500 people, across four villages. (ECHO, 2 Apr 2021)

The Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) reported that as many as 10,263 families (30,750 persons) were affected by Tropical Cyclone Seroja, with 563 people evacuated. 59 death, 10 injuries, and 42 missing persons have been reported in East Nusa Tenggara and West Nusa Tenggara as of 5 April. According to the Meteorological, Climatological and Geophysical Agency (BMKG), the impacts not only in Nusa Tenggara Islands, but also can be occurs in Maluku, Bali, and Sulawesi. (AHA Centre, 5 Apr 2021)

Following the passage of Tropical Cyclone SEROJA, the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management reports 128 fatalities, 72 people missing and 8,424 people displaced in East Nusa Tenggara. Very heavy rain, strong winds and storm surge are forecast over East Nusa Tenggara Province on 6-7 April. (ECHO, 6 Apr 2021)

Heavy rain has been affecting Java island on 11-12 April, causing flooding and landslides, which resulted in casualties. According to the national authorities, one person died after a landslide event occurred on 11 April in Ibun Regency (Bandung Regency, West Java Province). Flooding caused by the overflow of Jombok river in Ponogoro Regency (East Java Province) has affected at least 25 families and damaged 25 housing units, as reported by the AHA Centre. Warnings for heavy rain with lightning and strong wind have been issued for several Regencies in East and West Java. Moderate to locally heavy rain is forecast over most of Java island on 13-14 April. (ECHO, 13 Apr 2021)

Malaysia: Floods - Jan 2021

Affected country: Malaysia
Glide: FL-2021-000001-MYS

Significant heavy rains which began on 2 January 2021 have caused flooding in five states in Peninsular Malaysia – Johor, Pahang, Kelantan, Selangor and Perak on the morning of 4 January. National Disaster Management Administration (NADMA) had estimated that 6,241 families and 23,776 people are affected by the floods (as of 4 January 2021). A total of 303 evacuation centres had been opened. The Malaysian Meteorological Department (MetMalaysia) had issued a bad weather warning on 4 January 2021, cautioning about incessant heavy rain for several areas in Pahang and Johor. In its statement, rain has been forecasted for Pekan and Rompin in Pahang, as well as Mersing in Johor. Districts of Raub, Bentong, Temerloh, Maran, Kuantan and Bera in Pahang as well as Segamat and Kluang in Johor, are expected to experience similar weather until 4 January 2021. Heavy rain is also expected in some areas in Kelantan, Terengganu, Pahang (Cameron Highlands, Lipis and Jerantut) and Johor (Tangkak and Muar). The floods have affected 6 states in 22 districts and 23,776 people. (IFRC, 5 Jan 2021)

Heavy rainfall continues to affect most of Peninsular Malaysia (in particular Selangor, Perak, Kelantan, Johor, Pahang, Kedah, and Terengganu States) since 2 January, triggering floods that have resulted in casualties and damage. Media report, as of 7 January, at least 3 fatalities due to floods across the aforementioned States. (ECHO, 7 Jan 2021)

Heavy rainfall continues to cause widespread flooding in Peninsular Malaysia, leading to an increase in the number of fatalities and affected people. According to media, at least six people have died. Nearly 50,000 individuals have been evacuated, as reported by Malaysian Red Crescent Society. The worst affected state is Pahang, where about 27,000 residents have been evacuated in recent days. (ECHO, 11 Jan 2021)

Widespread floods triggered by heavy rainfall have affected most of Sabah State (Borneo's East Malaysia) on 11 January, resulting in casualties. According to the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on disaster management (AHA Centre), more than 1 700 people have displaced and relocated in eight evacuation centres. (ECHO, 13 Jan 2021)

Flooding triggered by heavy rainfall continues to affect Malaysia, leading to an increased humanitarian impact. As of 15 January, the number of fatalities stands at six people, according to media reports. The latest flooding occurred on 12 January in Sarawak State, resulting in more than 3,000 persons displaced to 39 evacuation centres, as reported by the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on disaster management (AHA Centre). (ECHO, 15 Jan 2021)

St Vincent & the Grenadines: La Soufrière Volcano - Dec 2020

Affected country: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Glide: VO-2020-000244-VCT

On 29th December 2020, the alert level for the La Soufrière volcano in St. Vincent and the Grenadines was elevated to orange because of increased activity at the site. The volcano has had an effusive eruption, with visible gas and steam and the formation of a new volcanic dome. The volcano continues to exude magma on the surface and gas emissions can be observed from the Belmont Observatory. A UWI Seismic Research Centre team is currently in St. Vincent to support monitoring and data collection and analysis. An orange level alert means that there is highly elevated seismicity or fumarolic activity, or both, and other highly unusual symptoms. Eruptions may occur with less than 24 hours’ notice. Monitoring systems are continuously staffed and there is regular visual inspection of potential vent areas as well as continuous ground deformation and hydrothermal monitoring. (OCHA, 16 Mar 2021)

On 11 April, NEMO indicated that there were pyroclastic flows (pyroclast is a cloud of hot ash and rock) at La Soufrière Volcano and possible destruction and devastation of communities close to the volcano. The current activity pattern is similar to that of the 1902 eruption and implies that the eruptions will cause more damage and destruction. On 11 April, the Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency (CDEMA) indicated that eighty-five (85) shelters were occupied with approximately 3,586 people. There is an undisclosed number of self-evacuees, who are staying with family and friends. 5 On 9 April at approximately 8:41 am, the La Soufrière volcano entered an explosive eruptive phase with the first column of ash as high as 10 km. On 8 April, seismic activity at La Soufrière Volcano changed significantly when the seismic station closest to the summit began recording low-level seismic tremors. The volcano entered a heightened period of activity indicative of a fresh batch of magma either near to or approaching the surface. On 8 April, following significant seismic activity, there was an explosive event at the volcano site. Following an emergency meeting of Cabinet and the National Emergency Council, the alert level was raised to RED and an Evacuation Order Issued. (OCHA, 12 Apr 2021)

A new huge explosion of La Soufrière volcano occurred on 12 April at 8.15 UTC. Deadly pyroclastic flows descending through the flanks of the volcano have been reported, however it is still unknown how far and where exactly the flows may moved. An estimated number of approximately 110, 589 people in Saint Vincent are affected, as well as an unquantified number of people in neighbouring islands. According to the national authorities, the evacuation process is still underway and the alert level of the volcano stands at red. So far, approximately 18% of the population has been evacuated, including 3,200 persons in public shelters. Extensive damage to assets and livelihoods (fisheries, agriculture) has also been reported, compounding the ongoing adverse socio-economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. (ECHO, 13 Apr 2021)

Zambia: Floods - Dec 2020

Affected country: Zambia
Glide: FF-2020-000240-ZMB

From 22 to 26 December 2020, heavy rainfall leading to severe flooding affected parts of Zambia. The heavy rainfall on the 26 December 2020 resulted in the bursting of Kandesha Dam that led to flooding in Munengo, Kambobe, Katala, and Chiloweni communities of Mapona ward in Mumbwa district of Central province. The flood affected 500 households that need humanitarian assistance, amongst which 261 houses damaged and 169 households displaced. The affected households are mainly found along the Chibila stream that feeds into the Kafue River. (IFRC, 5 Jan 2021)

Most parts of Zambia, including Mumbwa district, have continued to experience normal to above normal rainfall. Indeed, due to additional flooding that took place on Wednesday 10 February 2021 in Mumbwa District, 18 additional villages were affected with four villages totally submerged and 26 houses collapsed. This has further affected 1,272 people (212 HH). The four villages totally submerged include Miyanda, Namucheche, Musosya and Kamutengo. The remaining villages, including Kakombo, Chiboboka, Chisenke, Shachizube, Shinjanji, Muchabi, Shamboze, Nkoka, Shakumbila, Mweemba, Chumbuluka, Namoomba, Shichibwa and Kansengwe were partially affected. Two people were injured and hospitalized. Also 136 hectares of planted land of 327 total hectares of land affected in three camps namely Nangoma, Myooye and Muchabi Agric camp have been washed away and 511 farmers have had their fields washed away in the named agriculture camp. An additional 50 households are displaced and have been evacuated to Muchabi primary school where 42 tents have been provided and erected by DMMU and ZRCS will support the remaining households without shelter at the camp. (IFRC, 5 Mar 2021)

Tropical Cyclone Yasa - Dec 2020

Affected countries: Fiji, Vanuatu
Glide: TC-2020-000238-FJI

The newly formed Tropical Cyclone YASA is moving in the South Pacific Ocean, between Vanuatu and Fiji Islands...On 14-16 December, YASA is forecast to strengthen, as it moves clockwise between Vanuatu and Fiji islands. Then it is expected to move south-east, reaching Viti Levu island (Fiji) on 18 December, with maximum sustained wind between 170-200 km/h. A strong wind warning has been issued for Rotuma island (northern Fiji), and for the central and southern coastal Vanuatu. A flash flood warning is in effect for northern Vanua Levu (Fiji). (ECHO, 14 Dec 2020)

Tropical cyclone YASA is strengthening as it continues clockwise in the South Pacific Ocean, between Vanuatu and Fiji Islands....YASA is forecast to move south-east, passing between Viti Levu and Vanua Levu Islands (Fiji) on 17 December, with maximum sustained wind up to 215 km/h. After that, it will cross the Eastern Division islands on 18 December. (ECHO, 15 Dec 2020)

Tropical cyclone YASA is forecast to move south-east, approaching Vanua Levu Island on the morning of 17 December, with maximum sustained wind up to 220-230 km/h. After that, it will move southward, crossing the Eastern Division Islands on 17-18 December and passing 415 km east of Tongatapu Island (Tonga) on 19 December. According to media reports, the authorities set-up 1,037 evacuation centres across Central, Northern and Western Divisions. (ECHO, 16 Dec 2020)

TC Yasa will make landfall on 17 Dec around 8pm Fiji time on Vanua Levu island (population 135,961) and pass over many other smaller islands in the Fiji island group as a Cat 5 storm. According to analysis by the Pacific Disaster Center (PDC), approximately 73,000 people are potentially exposed to widespread wind damage. Severe impact for outlying areas on Eastern coast of Vanua Levu in particular Bua Province, is expected. There is a 4pm curfew in place for the whole country and all public transport is stopped. (OCHA, 17 Dec 2020)

TC Yasa, with Cat 5 intensity, made landfall over Vanua Levu, Fiji, in the evening of 17 December. It caused heavy destruction to infrastructure, buildings and agricultural areas. The Government of Fiji speaks of hundreds of millions of dollars. It was the strongest storm in the basin since TC Winston in 2016 and the strongest in the cyclone season 2020 – 21. (OCHA, 18 Dec 2020)

Preliminary information indicates that some areas were severely impacted while others were almost untouched, showing a very uneven pattern of destruction. 04 persons have been confirmed dead by the authorities: three persons died from collapsing walls, one person drowned. One person is still missing. As of today, there were 7,731 persons in 183 evacuation centres, the vast majority (6,313 persons) in the Northern Division (in 133 Evacuation Centres). (OCHA, 20 Dec 2020)

As of 21 December, media report at least four fatalities, one person missing, more than 23,000 evacuated people across 183 evacuation centres and entire villages severely damaged. According to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), YASA is likely to have affected most of the population of Fiji (more than 880,000 people). (ECHO, 21 Dec 2020)

The government-led Initial Damage Assessment estimates the loss of Crops, Livestock and Infrastructure at FJD 109m (approx. USD 53m). Some areas are still not accessible, particularly remote islands. First humanitarian assistance deliveries to people in need are taking place. There are still 159 Evacuation Centres open (mostly in the Northern Division) accommodating 5,346 evacuees. (OCHA, 24 Dec 2020)

As of 28 December, there were 84 Evacuation Centres (ECs) open, accommodating 3,206 evacuees. The majority of these centres were in the Northern Division (80 centres with 3,021persons), the rest (04) in the Eastern Division (with 185 persons). All ECs in the Central and Western Division are closed. Assessments and initial distribution of relief assistance are continuing throughout affected areas. (OCHA, 29 Dec 2020)

Damage assessments continue throughout areas affected by Tropical Cyclone Yasa, which made landfall over Vanua Levu on 17th December 2020 and affected an estimated 93,000 people. Most evacuation sites have been closed after people were able to return home, with 36 evacuation centers remaining open to accommodate 928 people. Humanitarian response is ongoing with the distribution of food rations, non-food items, and hygiene supplies. (OCHA, 4 Jan 2021)

As of 5 January, 35 Evacuation Centres (all in the Northern Division) remain active, accommodating 803 persons. Delivery of food rations and NFIs to open ECs is continuing. No schools are used anymore as evacuation centres. However, there are community members who cannot return to their villages, they will be supported with tents and other facilities to stay within the school premises temporarily. All schools should be ready for the start of the school year on 18 January. (OCHA, 6 Jan 2021)

On 30 January, Tropical Cyclone Ana followed a similar path as Tropical Cyclone Yasa but made landfall westwards over the main island of Viti Levu. TC Ana entered Fiji waters as a Category 2 cyclone but brought a lot of rain causing widespread flooding across the Central, Western and Northern Divisions. Impacts of TC Ana have been felt across the whole country. Worst impacted are the communities in the provinces of Macuata and Cakaudrove that were still recovering from TC Yasa. As of 2 February, Fiji National Disaster Management Office (NDMO) reported 14,755 evacuees in 422 evacuation centres across the country. Extensive flooding caused damage to infrastructure with 131 roads and crossings temporarily closed. All major roads in Vanua Levu remained closed cutting off supply of food and relief items to affected areas. There have been two confirmed fatalities and three people reported missing. The main concerns are increased risk of leptospirosis, typhoid, dengue and diarrhoea due to poor water access and standing water. Hygiene is a concern due to the lack of access to clean water. Early recovery efforts for livelihoods, fixing shelters and access to food and water are all required, acknowledging future cyclones may occur before the cyclone season ends in May 2021. (IFRC, 8 Feb 2021)