Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

29 de mayo de 2017
Erasmus Mundus Master in Public Health in Disasters


Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

Desastres activos

Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka: Floods and Landslides - May 2017

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000057-LKA
Disaster type: Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Sri Lanka

Incessant rains during the past 48 hours across Sri Lanka has affected over half a million people in 7 districts. Most affected was the Rathnapura district where over 20,000 people faced flash floods. In Galle, Neluwa, Tawalama, Niyagama, Baddegama areas were flooded. (Sri Lanka Red Cross Society, 26 May 2017)

The most severely impacted district is Galle, where 142,149 people (36,314 families) have reportedly been affected. Fatalities have been reported in Gampaha, Galle, Hambantota, Kalutara, Kegalle, Matara and Ratnapura districts, with 46 deaths reported in Ratnapura alone...The UN received an initial request from the Government on 26 May 2017 related to search and rescue efforts. UN agencies are currently supporting the Government’s relief efforts in coordination and mobilizing resources...UNICEF will donate water containers, water purification tablets and tarpaulin sheets to the Disaster Management Centre (DMC). WHO will be supporting the Ministry of Health to deploy medical teams to the affected districts. WFP and UNDP are supporting the DMC with information management. UN OCHA will provide additional human resources for coordination with Government and Humanitarian Partners. Search and Rescue efforts are on standby from neighbouring countries and can be deployed if needed. (United Nations Sri Lanka, 27 May 2017)

As of 28 May, there were 151 reported deaths and 111 people reported missing, according to Sri Lanka's Disaster Management Centre. (DMC-SL, 28 May 2017)

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Date: 25 May 2017
Status: Ongoing

Burkina Faso: Burkina Faso: Floods - May 2017

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000054-BFA
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Burkina Faso

Floods and violent winds have killed three people, injured 18 others and destroyed more than 750 houses across the country since the beginning of May. Overall, 5,129 people have been affected in several localities in the country’s East and South-Western regions. (OCHA, 22 May 2017)

Date: 15 May 2017
Status: Ongoing

Democratic Republic of the Congo: DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - May 2017

GLIDE number: EP-2017-000048-COD
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo

On 11 May, the Ministry of Health of the DRC informed WHO that of five laboratory samples tested, one tested positive for Ebola virus at the Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale (INRB) laboratory in Kinshasa. (WHO, 12 May 2017)

On 24 May, WHO issued a donor alert, requesting US$10.5M for the initial 6-month budget to support the Government in strengthening the response, and to coordinate the support of major UN, NGO and International Organizations, and partners in the Global Outbreaks Alert and Response Network. (WHO, 24 May 2017)

On 23 May 2017, no new confirmed or probable EVD cases were reported. One suspected EVD case was reported from Muma Health Area in Likati Health Zone. The last confirmed case was reported on 11 May 2017. WHO, 24 May 2017)

Le 12 mai 2017, l’Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS) a déclaré une épidémie d’Ebola dans la zone de Likati, Province du Bas-Uélé. La RDC en est à sa huitième épidémie depuis 1976. Depuis le 22 avril 2017, 9 cas suspects de la Maladie à Virus Ebola (MVE) dont trois décès ont été notifiés, ce qui représente un taux de létalité de 33,3%, selon un bilan officiel au 11 mai 2017. (OCHA, 12 mai 2017)

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Date: 11 May 2017
Status: Ongoing

Russian Federation: Russian Federation: Floods - May 2017

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000052-RUS
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Russian Federation

Between 10 and 15 May 2017, the destruction of the dam in the district of Ishim (Tyumen region) and water spills across the Ishim river caused massive flooding throughout Tyumen region, in particular, around the town of Ishim. The dam was destroyed due to the huge amount of melting snow and the discharge of water from the reservoir near the city of Petropavlovsk in Kazakhstan.The total number of affected families in Ishim district is to date 1,045. More than 130 houses are waterlogged and damaged and 41 houses fully destroyed. (IFRC, 23 May 2017)

Date: 10 May 2017
Status: Ongoing

Kenya: Kenya: Floods - May 2017

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000051-KEN
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Kenya

In Kenya, torrential rains have caused floods and landslides in Kwale, Mombasa, Taita Taveta and Garissa counties, including in Dadaab camp. Over 6,500 people were displaced by floods in Taita Taveta, Kwale and Mombasa counties. (OCHA, 15 May 2017)

On 9 May 2017, heavy rains that led to flooding was experienced in Dadaab camps. 11,684 households out of a total of 36,286 in the three most affected camps (Dagahaley, Ifo and Ifo 2) bore the brunt of the floods. Some families have moved to higher ground considered safe with many of the roads being blocked making access very difficult, including for humanitarian staff whose vehicles were stuck or got submerged in water. Three WFP trucks delivering much needed food supplies were stuck on the way to Ifo and Dagahaley camps. Flights for some refugees being repatriated were cancelled due to road networks being completely cut off. (UNHCR, 15 May 2017)

The country has been experiencing increasingly intense rainfall over the last weeks with significant amounts of rainfall currently being witnessed in the Coastal, North Eastern, Central and parts of Western region...Current estimates indicate that about 26 people have lost their lives and a further 24,803 people have been displaced in 13 counties across the country following heavy rains and flooding. (Kenya Red Cross, 19 May 2017)

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Date: 09 May 2017
Status: Alert

Vanuatu: Tropical Cyclone Donna - May 2017

GLIDE number: TC-2017-000045-VUT
Disaster type: Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: New Caledonia (France), Solomon Islands, Vanuatu

On 3 May 2017, Fiji Meteorological services provided an early alert for a tropical disturbance (TD21F) which was forming north of Vanuatu. The tropical disturbance developed into Tropical Cyclone Donna (TC Donna), a Category 1 system, around Wednesday midnight. TC Donna had intensified into a Category 3 system in the evening of 5 May local time. It was located about 175 KM west of Torres and 300 KM west northwest of Gaua (Torba Province) in Northern Vanuatu. The Government of Vanuatu raised the alert levels across the northern provinces...Public alerts were issued over radio and via mass text messages sent out by Telecom Vanuatu and Digicel. (IFRC, 5 May 2017)

As of 6 May 2017, Torba Province in Northern Vanuatu was the most affected area. According to a quick rapid assessment with Community Disaster Committees on the four islands (Loh, Hui, Tegua and Toga), significant number of houses have been either totally destroyed or damaged. On Loh island, almost all people are sheltered in an evacuation center. (Govt. Vanuatu, 6 May 2017)

On 8 May, Tropical Cyclone Donna intensified into a Category 5 storm (winds of up to 215 km/h near the centre and gusts of 300 km/h) as it continues to move across Vanuatu towards New Caledonia. Over the weekend, Torba Province, with a population of about 10,000 people, was severely hit...Preliminary reports indicate significant housing damage; however, communication remain disrupted. The National Emergency Operations Centre was activated and is coordinating the in-country response. No fatalities have been confirmed. On 5 May, the Pacific Humanitarian Country Team offered international assistance to the Government and remains on standby to provide support. (OCHA, 8 May 2017)

Tropical Cyclone Donna has passed out of the Vanuatu region and the National Disaster Management Office (NDMO) gave the all clear on the 9th of May...The Torres Island group in Torba Province remains the most affected area, with other areas in Torba less affected. (Govt. Vanuatu, 10 May 2017)

The information obtained by the assessment team will be used by the NDMO on Monday (15/05/17) to draft a ‘phase 2’ relief plan. This plan will be presented to clusters and partner agencies on Tuesday (16/05/17) at the Inter Agency Meeting...Clusters are continuing to make initial remote assessments, preparing response plans and gathering information on available resources for response. This information should also be shared with the NEOC. The NDMO is also considering the need for a long-term recovery plan for community infrastructure (such as schools) damaged during Tropical Cyclone Donna. (Govt. Vanuatu, 12 May 2017)

As part of the phase 2 activities, the NEOC worked with partners to source the needed supplies which were transported by the Vanuatu Patrol Boat ‘RVS Tukoro’ which was supported by the Australian Government. The vessel departed Port Vila on 16th May 2017 and will deliver supplies to Hiu, Metoma, Tegua, Loh and Toga Islands. Supplies included personal hygiene kits, tarpaulins, shelter kits, teacher tents, water kits, jerry cans and planting materials. The Provincial Disaster Office vessel from Sola will be taken to Torres to assist with relief operations. Reports were received from Hiu on Sunday 14th May 2017 regarding contaminated water and increased cases on diarrhoea. The NDMO sourced 200 cartons of water which was transported to Hiu by the French Navy Patrol Boat ‘La Gloriuese.’ The vessel departed Port Vila that afternoon and delivered the water to Hiu on 16th May 2017. (Govt. Vanuatu, 17 May 2017)

A shelter cluster team assessment report, dated 14 May 2017, identifies the total number of households in Torres to be 190 (population: 1,006). Based on the advice and experience of VRCS in the region, VRCS proposes that, for the purposes of planning the NFI distribution and to enable flexibility within the response, this figure be rounded to 200 households (IFRC, 19 May 2017)

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Date: 04 May 2017
Status: Ongoing

Kyrgyzstan: Kyrgyzstan: Earthquake - May 2017

GLIDE number: EQ-2017-000050-KGZ
Disaster type: Earthquake
Affected countries: Kyrgyzstan

On 3 May 2017, an earthquake of 5.9 magnitude occurred in northern and central-northern Tajikistan near the border with Kyrgyzstan (at a depth of 10 kms), with the epicenter being 120 kilometers away from the city of Batken and 192 kilometers from the city of Osh in southern Kyrgyzstan. Several aftershocks occurred on the same and the following days, with another strong earthquake of 5.8 magnitude registered in the same area on 5 May 2017 (at a depth of 10 kms). While there were, fortunately, no human fatalities in Kyrgyzstan, the earthquakes resulted in severe damages of infrastructure, including educational and health facilities and houses in the district of Chong Alay of Osh province as well as the district of Kadamjai in Batken province. (IFRC, 16 May 2017)

Date: 03 May 2017
Status: Ongoing

Kenya: East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017

GLIDE number: IN-2017-000041-KEN
Disaster type: Insect Infestation
Affected countries: Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda

As millions of east African farmers seek to recover from a devastating drought, they face a new threat – the fall armyworm. The pest has been recently detected in Kenya and is suspected to have entered the country from Uganda. It is also known to be present in Burundi, Ethiopia and Rwanda. The fall armyworm was first reported in western Kenya by farmers in March 2017, and immediately confirmed by the Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service and Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation. The initial counties infested were Busia, TransNzoia, Bungoma, Uasin Gishu and Nandi. (FAO, 25 Apr 2017)

As of 23 May, Fall Armyworm has affected more than 143,000 hectares of land in major maize and wheat-producing counties. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the Ministry of Agriculture have adopted a planning response figure of 800,000 hectares, which requires US$33.5 million for pesticides and awareness campaigns in the medium term. US$6.6 million is required for an immediate response. (OCHA, UN Country Team, 23 May 2017)

Date: 25 Apr 2017
Status: Alert

Haiti: Haiti: Floods - Apr 2017

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000043-HTI
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Haiti

From 20 to 24 April 2017, heavy rainfall caused floods and landslides in the departments of the South, South East, Grand'Anse and Nippes. The South department is the most affected. Initial estimates indicate 4 deaths, 15 homes destroyed, and nearly 10,000 homes that could have been damaged in the South Department. According to the Delegate of the Department of the South, 80% of the spring harvest could have been destroyed. Six communes - Chantal, Les Anglais, Chardonnieres, Les Coteaux, Port-à-Piment and Tiburon - have been inaccessible since April 23 due to the severe erosion of the road linking Port Salut and the west coast, hindering access. The humanitarian community has deployed teams to conduct a first multi-sectorial needs assessment in the 12 most affected municipalities.The Departmental Delegation of the South estimates that 350,000 people have been affected. In addition, IOM states that the 197 families displaced by Hurricane Matthew in Cavaillon are also affected by the floods situation. (OCHA, 25 Apr 2017)

Les dégâts causés par les pluies qui se sont abattues sur les départements du Sud, du Sud-Est, de la Grand’Anse et des Nippes continuent à être évalués. Le département du Sud reste le plus touché et en particulier les douze communes d’Aquin, Arniquet, Camp Perrin, Cavaillon, Les Anglais, Les Cayes, Les Chardonnières, Maniche, Port-Salut, Roche-à-Bâteau, Saint Louis du Sud, et Torbeck. La Direction de la Protection Civile (DPC) a annoncé qu’approximativement 15.000 ménages ont été affectés avec un besoin d’assistance humanitaire immédiate. Une partie de ces personnes affectées s’étaient retrouvées en situation de vulnérabilité suite à l’ouragan Matthew. Selon les informations collectées sur le terrain jusqu'à présent, le déplacement de familles vers les centres d'évacuation n'est pas significatif. La plus grande partie des familles retrouvées par les équipes d’OIM dans des centres d'évacuation sont déplacées depuis l'ouragan Matthew et 400 familles ont été recensées jusqu’à présent par les autorités locales et l’OIM. Selon les informations recueillies auprès des autorités locales sur la situation du déplacement, l'école Nationale de Dory à Maniche abrite 100 familles déplacées dont la majorité sont déplacées depuis l'ouragan Matthew. Selon l’OIM, l’Ecole Nationale Mixte de Torbeck abrite 32 familles dont seulement 7 familles de plus que celles qui avaient été déplacées à cause de l’ouragan Matthew. Egalement l’OIM a rapporté que, à Port-Salut, les centres d’évacuation École Aubris de Dupin et École Nationale de Douyon continuent à abriter des déplacés de l’ouragan Matthew (30 et 16 familles respectivement). D'après le prêtre de l’église catholique de Port-Salut, 35 familles sont déplacées suite aux inondations dans la salle paroissiale du Presbytère qui est utilisée comme école depuis l’ouragan Matthew. (OCHA, 1 May 2017)

Date: 20 Apr 2017
Status: Ongoing

Tajikistan: Tajikistan: Measles Outbreak - Apr 2017

GLIDE number: EP-2017-000047-TJK
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Tajikistan

The measles epidemic in Tajikistan started in April 2017 gradually spreading out of Rudaki district to the capital city of Dushanbe and the surrounding districts as well as Khatlon oblast. In mid-April 2017, 263 registered cases of measles were reported, out of which 157 were laboratory confirmed. Based on official data, by 1 May, the number of notified and investigated cases rose from 263 to 345, with 246 (71%) patients hospitalized. No deaths were reported so far.

The trend of sharp increase in new cases is expected to continue. Out of the 48 new cases recorded during week 16 (17-23 April 2017), 96 per cent were un-immunized. The proportion of affected adults in this outbreak is somewhat higher (16.7%) than during the previous outbreak in 2009 (10.5%). The total proportion of unvaccinated persons affected by the epidemic among the total population increased from 81.9% in week 15 to 84% in week 16. (IFRC, 15 May 2017)

Date: 15 Apr 2017
Status: Ongoing

Niger: Niger: Hepatitis E Outbreak - Apr 2017

GLIDE number: EP-2017-000042-NER
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Niger

The Ministry of Health on 19 April declared an outbreak of Hepatitis E that has killed 25 among 86 infected people. Medical assistance and preventive measures are ongoing to curb the disease which is mostly transmitted through contaminated water. (OCHA, 24 Apr 2017)

The current outbreak in Niger is closely linked to an unclean water supply and hygiene and sanitation facilities for the 240,000 people who are currently displaced in Diffa. This is a particularly vulnerable population that for years has been suffering the consequences of the conflict between Boko Haram and armies in the region....To contain the outbreak, MSF has been working with the Ministry of Health for several weeks...Additionally, MSF has significantly increased its water and sanitation activities in Kitchendi, Garin Wazan and Toumour villages, where around 135,000 people have settled—the vast majority of which are displaced. The organization also distributed water chlorination tablets, soap and new jerrycans for 16,800 families in these villages. So far, more than 27,900 gallons of water have been treated and jerrycans being used in the community have been cleaned to prevent the spread of the disease. (MSF, 26 Apr 2017)

Between 9 January and 25 April 2017, a total of 164 cases of hepatitis E including 25 deaths (case fatality rate of 15.2%) have been reported.(WHO, 28 Apr 2017)

There is a risk that the outbreak will intensify. New cases are expected to continue to emerge in new health districts in the region. Diffa region is prone to rapid propagation of the disease due to the prevalent underlying factors, such as limited access to safe water, inadequate sanitation, and poor hygiene practices. The region is inhabited by vulnerable populations, such as refugees, IDPs, and returnees who are at risk of contracting the disease due to their living conditions. The forthcoming rainy season, from June to September, is likely to increase the spread of the disease to neighbouring regions, and will further exacerbate WASH needs among affected populations. (ACAPS, 4 May 2017)

According to WHO, as of 12 May, the number of cases were 282 resulting in 27 deaths. Furthermore, WHO stated that patients (mainly refugees) in Diffa presenting with conjunctival jaundice were confirmed Hepatitis E positive (WHO, 12 May 2017)

Date: 12 Apr 2017
Status: Ongoing

Rwanda: Rwanda: Severe Local Storm - Apr 2017

GLIDE number: ST-2017-000035-RWA
Disaster type: Severe Local Storm
Affected countries: Rwanda

On 1st April 2017 at 3:00 pm, Gatsibo district located in the Eastern Province of Rwanda experienced heavy rainfall associated with heavy storms which, resulted in destruction of houses and community farm lands in Kiramuruzi Sector Nyabisindu Cell. The affected area is located 36 kilometers from Gatsibo District, 40 kilometers from the Eastern Province office and 70 kilometers from the City of Kigali.

According to preliminary assessment conducted by Rwanda Red Cross staff and volunteers, an estimated 675 people (135 households) have been affected by heavy wind and storms that caused four people to be injured. The affected families are currently accommodated in the nearby communities after their houses were damaged and household materials and shelters destroyed. The affected population were left without basic needs such as food and cloth. Household beddings were also destroyed, creating the need for distribution of blankets, sleeping mats and other Non Food items (NFIs). It has been reported that an estimated 14 hectares of mixed crops were destroyed. As a result, a lack of access to foodstuffs presents a situation that may result in short term food insecurity, especially for children under-five, lactating mothers and elderly people. Other damaged infrastructure includes, latrines and other sanitation facilities. This will increase the risk of diseases outbreak, particularly during the current rainfall season. (IFRC, 12 Apr 2017)

Date: 01 Apr 2017
Status: Ongoing

Colombia: Colombia: Mudslides - Mar 2017

GLIDE number: MS-2017-000033-COL
Disaster type: Flood, Mud Slide
Affected countries: Colombia

On the night of 31 March 2017, increased rainfall caused the Mocoa, Sangoyaco and Mulata Rivers to overflow, which in turn generated a mudslide in the municipality of Mocoa, capital of the department of Putumayo. UNGRD reported that the affected area received 33 per cent of its monthly total of rainfall (130 mm of the 400-mm monthly average) on the night of the disaster. Per reports, 273 people perished and 262 are injured; injured residents have been treated, and the most serious cases have been transferred to medical centres in Neiva, Popayan and Bogota. There have been 399 Restoration of Family Links (RFL) requests, 25 homes have been destroyed and more than 300 families have been affected. According to the latest official report from the UNGRD-coordinated national crisis room, 17 neighbourhoods were affected (29 blocks), with the greatest devastation seen in the districts of San Fernando, San Miguel, Independencia, Chaparros, San Agustín, Naranjito, Pablo VI, Avenida 17 de Julio, Miraflores and Progreso; the hospital network has collapsed, and 85 per cent of the department was left without electricity, which has since been partially restored. Three aqueducts and the sewage system are affected, 10 roads are damaged, 2 bridges collapsed and 5 are being rehabilitated...Following an extraordinary meeting of the Cabinet at Nariño House, the Colombian government has assessed the catastrophe and the need to provide humanitarian assistance to the affected people and infrastructure investments to rebuild Mocoa and decided to declare an economic and social emergency. (IFRC, 7 Apr 2017)

As of early May 2017, the municipality of Mocoa continues clean up and recovery efforts following the devastating mudslide. The water supply has been restored to nearly 70% of the city. 384 people remain in temporarily shelters, and the government continues to provide food, toiletries, and other care (Government of Colombia, 2 May 2017).

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Date: 31 Mar 2017
Status: Ongoing

Niger: Niger: Meningitis Outbreak - Mar 2017

GLIDE number: EP-2017-000037-NER
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Niger

On 29 March, the Government of Niger declared a meningitis epidemic in three health centers of the Niamey II health district. Six health districts are in alert in the regions of Tillabéry, Dosso and Tahoua. To date, 921 cases including 55 deaths have been recorded in the country compared to almost 1,300 cases and 89 deaths at the same period last year. Health authorities, in partnership with humanitarian actors, are preparing vaccination campaigns. (OCHA, 5 Apr 2017)

The Ministry of Health launched a vaccination campaign on 06 April 2017, exclusively in the three affected districts of Niamey. The vaccination program is targeting people aged 2 to 20 years old, about 10,200 people for the first phase. Currently, the country has only 133,000 doses of vaccines. This limited supply prompted the Minister of Health to start vaccination in Niamey.  (IFRC, 21 Apr 2017)

Date: 29 Mar 2017
Status: Ongoing

Nigeria: Nigeria: Meningitis Outbreak - Mar 2017

GLIDE number: EP-2017-000030-NGA
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Nigeria

As of 19 March 2017, a total of 1,407 suspected cases of meningitis and 211 deaths have been reported from 40 local government areas in five states of Nigeria since December 2016. Zamfara, Katsina and Sokoto account for 89% of these cases. (WHO, 24 Mar 2017)

As at April 3, 2017, a total of 2,997 suspected cases of CSM have been reported in 16 States in Nigeria, of which 146 have been laboratory-confirmed. Unfortunately, 336 deaths have also been recorded...A total of 500,000 doses of Meningitis C vaccines have been distributed to some of the affected States for immediate outbreak response vaccination. An additional 823,970 doses of Meningitis C vaccines are expected from the UK to support vaccination activities in other affected States. The Emergency Operations Centre will support State-wide vaccination campaign which starts in Zamfara State on Wednesday the 5th of April, 2017. (Govt, 4 Apr 2017)

The number of new cases of suspected meningitis being reported has begun to decline as outbreak control measures take effect. A total of 628 new cases were reported in week 16 versus 1,935 in week 15 and 2,127 in week 14. The cumulative number of suspected cases recorded in Nigeria throughout the outbreak period is now 9,646 and 839 deaths from 43 Local Government Areas in 23 states. (Govt, 26 Apr 2017)

Health sector is supporting the State Ministry of Health and State Primary Health Care Agency in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states to lead the preparedness process for cerebro-spinal meningitis epidemic, which is a looming threat in the region. A draft epidemic preparedness and response plan has been prepared for North-East Nigeria. As of April 13, 2017, a total of 5,695 suspected cases have been reported; included 221 (4%) laboratory confirmed cases; and 611 deaths (WHO, Gov't Nigeria, Health Cluster, 30 Apr 2017.)

The meningitis outbreak situation in Nigeria is gradually improving. During week 18 (week ending 7 May 2017), the four most affected states of Zamfara, Sokoto, Katsina and Kebbi observed reduction in the weekly caseload and deaths. (WHO, 12 May 2017)

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Date: 24 Mar 2017
Status: Ongoing

Central African Republic: Central African Republic: Severe Local Storm - Mar 2017

GLIDE number: VW-2017-000029-CAF
Disaster type: Severe Local Storm
Affected countries: Central African Republic

Since January 2017, the Central African Republic has been experiencing series of violent winds. The cities of Mbaïki, Ndolobo, Ndjoh, Lambi and Bossembelé centers located respectively 107 km, 125 km and 157 km from Bangui, faced since 16 March 2017, violent winds following heavy rains, causing major damage.

The 75 volunteers from local branches of the Red Cross, including 25 from Mbaiki, 15 from Ndolobo, 10 from Lambi, 5 from Ndjoh and 20 from Bossembelé, went to the affected neighborhoods and began to assess the situation, provided first aid to the wounded, evacuated the wounded to the hospital and helped resettle the most vulnerable with host families.

The 445 most vulnerable families were identified by the Red Cross. Specific needs include emergency shelter, access to drinking water and sanitation. Failure to meet these emergency needs will result in a rapid deterioration of living conditions for these vulnerable families, including increased morbidity and mortality from infectious disease and exposure to weather.

Additional necessities such as blankets, mats, mosquito nets, tarpaulins, kitchen kits, toilet kits, soaps, buckets, jerry cans, lamps, etc., will help improve the living conditions of these people. Weather forecasts continue to indicate additional flooding is likely in the Central African Republic, which could aggravate the situation of these already vulnerable populations if nothing is done. (IFRC, 3 Apr 2017)

Date: 16 Mar 2017
Status: Past disaster

Burundi: Burundi: Malaria Outbreak - Mar 2017

GLIDE number: EP-2017-000034-BDI
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Burundi

Burundi is facing a major malaria outbreak which was officially declared by the MoH on 13 March 2017. The North and North health districts are the ones more affected by this outbreak. According to the MoH, the cumulative number of malaria cases reported during the first 10 weeks of 2017 is 1,960,620 with 869 deaths (MoH, 23 March 2017), this is higher than the same period in 2016 (1,804,258 cases and 841 deaths). (UNICEF, 31 Mar 2017)

[S]ince the beginning of this year, more than 2.2 million cases and 1,000 deaths have been reported. The preliminary results of the MIRA evaluation (March 2017) indicate that malaria is one of the main causes of death in 84% of the collines (hills) visited. The most affected provinces are Cankuzo, Muyinga, Karusi and Kirundo with an incidence rate of 100%. In order to ensure an immediate, effective and coordinated response, a plan was finalized by the health sector partners under the direction of the Ministry of Health and in collaboration with WHO. A total of US$ 42 million is required for the implementation of the plan. (OCHA, 31 Mar 2017)

L’épidémie de paludisme sévit dans les districts à haute vulnérabilité humanitaire . A la semaine épidémiologique 16, le cumul est de 2 888 252 cas et 1 329 décès dû au palu-disme. On note une tendance à la hausse comparée à la semaine précédente. Lancement à Gitega ce 27/4 de la campagne nationale de mobilisation pour la distribution des moustiquaires en fa-veur de la prévention du paludisme. Célébration de la Jour-née mondiale de lutte contre le paludisme célébrée à Cankuzo le 26 avril 2017. La lutte anti–vectorielle pour réduire l’incidence du paludisme à travers la pulvérisation intra-domiciliaire doit se pour-suivre dans 5 provinces sur les 9 prévues. Un processus de validation de la qualité des insecticides est en cours avec le laboratoire IIBAT en Inde. (WHO, 30 avril 2017)

Date: 13 Mar 2017
Status: Ongoing

Madagascar: Tropical Cyclone Enawo - Mar 2017

GLIDE number: TC-2017-000023-MDG
Disaster type: Flood, Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Madagascar

On March 8, Enawo weakened from an “intense” to a “moderate” tropical storm...The northeastern Sava region has sustained significant damage to housing and agriculture. Antalaha port is inaccessible and more than half of the city’s homes have been destroyed...Farahalana commune is flooded by Lohoko River, with half of all housing under water....[I]n the Analanjirofo region,...more than 10,000 people are displaced. (Govt/UN HCT, 9 Mar 2017)

As at 12 March, the National Office for the Management of Risks and Crises (BNGRC) reported 295,950 people to have been affected by the cyclone, including 84,660 who remain displaced. The number of deaths due to the storm has risen to 50 with 20 people missing and 195 injured. These figures are based on information received to date and may continue to change as more areas previously inaccessible are able to be reached...The initial technical evaluation of the assessment conducted by the BNGRC and participating agencies suggests that humanitarian activities should be prioritized in Maroantsetra, where approximately 40 per cent of the population has been displaced by flooding; in Antalaha, where the cyclone made landfall and where significant damage due to high winds as well as the rain-fed rapid rise in water levels; and in the capital, Antananarivo, where 27,104 people have been displaced by flooding and flood waters have in the past proven to persist longer than in other areas. (Govt/UN HCT, 12 Mar 2017)

On 12 March, IFRC launched a preliminary Emergency Appeal seeking CHF 892,325 to support the Malagasy Red Cross Society (MRCS) in delivering assistance and support to 25,000 people affected by the Cyclone. (IFRC, 12 Mar 2017)

As of 13 March, at least 100,000 people have been directly affected by the cyclone, approximately half of whom are in Antalaha district. At least 50 people have been killed, and 183 wounded, mainly in Analanjirofo and Sava regions. Over 110,000 people have been displaced by flooding and storm waters, particularly in Antalaha and Maroantsetra districts. (ACAPS, 13 Mar 2017)

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Date: 03 Mar 2017
Status: Ongoing

Democratic Republic of the Congo: West Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017

GLIDE number: IN-2017-000055-GHA
Disaster type: Insect Infestation
Affected countries: Benin, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ghana, Nigeria

In Ghana, armyworms have ravaged around 1.4 million hectares of maize and cowpea plantations in six regions (Ashanti, Brong Ahafo, Central, Western, Eastern and the Northern). In Ashanti, some 6,400 hectares of cocoa farms have also been affected. Although the infestations occur every year, experts say that this year’s outbreak is unprecedented and have urged quick action to curb further destruction as food security and livelihoods of several households is threatened. Officials from the National Disaster Management Organisation have begun distributing pesticides and a national taskforce has been set up to oversee the control of the infestation. (OCHA, 22 May 2017)

In DR Congo, since mid-December 2016, Fall Armyworms have destroyed thousands of hectares of maize and rice crops in the southeastern provinces Haut-Katanga, Haut-Lomami, Lualaba, Tanganyika and Sud Kivu (OCHA 15/02/2017). 63,000 hectares have been destroyed, which represents over 80% of maize production in the territories along the Zambian border (OCHA 15/02/2017; Straitstimes 26/02/2017). Taking into account the speed at which the worms spread, it is highly likely that other neighbouring provinces, especially Nord-Kivu, Ituri, Maniema and Kasai, are already affected. The extent of the spread would result in a significant impact on the local corn production (FEWSNET 28/02/2017).(ACAPS, 23 Mar 2017)

Date: 01 Mar 2017
Status: Alert

Philippines: Philippines: Earthquakes - Feb 2017

GLIDE number: EQ-2017-000016-PHL
Disaster type: Earthquake
Affected countries: Philippines

At 10:03 p.m. on 10 February 2017, a 6.7-magnitude earthquake with a depth of ten kilometres and an epicenter located near Surigao City caused loss of lives and damage to properties in the Caraga region, particularly in Surigao del Norte province. The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology reported no tsunami threat but they predict aftershocks will continue for several weeks. A Red Alert status has been raised by Caraga Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council Operation Center. Surigao City declared state of calamity. (OCHA, 15 Feb 2017)

Based on updates issued by the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), eight people lost their lives as a result of the earthquake, with 202 injured. The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) has reported that 3,331 families (16,655 people) have been displaced and are currently staying in open areas near their homes, in tents or with host families. Many residents, including those whose houses were not damaged, are apprehensive about returning to their homes because of aftershocks. (IFRC, 16 Feb 2017)

As of 24 February, a total of 6,472 families, or 32,360 persons, were affected in 82 barangays in the province of Surigao del Norte. A total of 6,398 houses in Surigao del Norte were damaged, including 518 that were totally damaged. (Govt. Philippines, 24 Feb 2017)

As of 2 March, over 7,800 people remain displaced by the earthquake. Most of them are staying in open areas near their homes, or with relatives or friends. There were eight reported deaths, three of which were children and two senior citizens, and 202 injuries. Over 7,200 houses are reported to be damaged, of which 518 were destroyed. About 81 per cent of the damage is located in Surigao City and the neighboring town of San Francisco. (OCHA, 2 Mar 2017)

On 5 March, a 5.9 magnitude tremor struck at a depth of 13 km near San Francisco municipality (population 14,500 people), Surigao del Norte province. One death was reported and local authorities are assessing the situation. This was reported as an aftershock of the 6.7 magnitude earthquake which struck Surigao del Norte on 10 February. As of 3 March, more than 7,800 people remain displaced following the larger earthquake, with most staying in open areas near their homes or with relatives or friends. (OCHA, 6 Mar 2017)

As of 11 March, the earthquakes had affected a total of 10,691 families, or 53,455 people, in 82 barangays in the Province of Surigao del Norte. Eight people were reported dead and 249 people sustained injuries due to the initial 6.7-magnitude earthquake as well as the 5 March earthquake. (Govt. Philippines, 11 Mar 2017)

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Date: 10 Feb 2017
Status: Past disaster