On March 8, Enawo weakened from an âintenseâ to a âmoderateâ tropical storm...The northeastern Sava region has sustained significant damage to housing and agriculture. Antalaha port is inaccessible and more than half of the cityâs homes have been destroyed...Farahalana commune is flooded by Lohoko River, with half of all housing under water....[I]n the Analanjirofo region,...more than 10,000 people are displaced. (Govt/UN HCT, 9 Mar 2017)
As at 12 March, the National Office for the Management of Risks and Crises (BNGRC) reported 295,950 people to have been affected by the cyclone, including 84,660 who remain displaced. The number of deaths due to the storm has risen to 50 with 20 people missing and 195 injured. These figures are based on information received to date and may continue to change as more areas previously inaccessible are able to be reached...The initial technical evaluation of the assessment conducted by the BNGRC and participating agencies suggests that humanitarian activities should be prioritized in Maroantsetra, where approximately 40 per cent of the population has been displaced by flooding; in Antalaha, where the cyclone made landfall and where significant damage due to high winds as well as the rain-fed rapid rise in water levels; and in the capital, Antananarivo, where 27,104 people have been displaced by flooding and flood waters have in the past proven to persist longer than in other areas. (Govt/UN HCT, 12 Mar 2017)
On 12 March, IFRC launched a preliminary Emergency Appeal seeking CHF 892,325 to support the Malagasy Red Cross Society (MRCS) in delivering assistance and support to 25,000 people affected by the Cyclone. (IFRC, 12 Mar 2017)
As of 13 March, at least 100,000 people have been directly affected by the cyclone, approximately half of whom are in Antalaha district. At least 50 people have been killed, and 183 wounded, mainly in Analanjirofo and Sava regions. Over 110,000 people have been displaced by flooding and storm waters, particularly in Antalaha and Maroantsetra districts. (ACAPS, 13 Mar 2017)
At 10:03 p.m. on 10 February 2017, a 6.7-magnitude earthquake with a depth of ten kilometres and an epicenter located near Surigao City caused loss of lives and damage to properties in the Caraga region, particularly in Surigao del Norte province. The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology reported no tsunami threat but they predict aftershocks will continue for several weeks. A Red Alert status has been raised by Caraga Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council Operation Center. Surigao City declared state of calamity. (OCHA, 15 Feb 2017)
Based on updates issued by the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), eight people lost their lives as a result of the earthquake, with 202 injured. The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) has reported that 3,331 families (16,655 people) have been displaced and are currently staying in open areas near their homes, in tents or with host families. Many residents, including those whose houses were not damaged, are apprehensive about returning to their homes because of aftershocks. (IFRC, 16 Feb 2017)
As of 24 February, a total of 6,472 families, or 32,360 persons, were affected in 82 barangays in the province of Surigao del Norte. A total of 6,398 houses in Surigao del Norte were damaged, including 518 that were totally damaged. (Govt. Philippines, 24 Feb 2017)
As of 2 March, over 7,800 people remain displaced by the earthquake. Most of them are staying in open areas near their homes, or with relatives or friends. There were eight reported deaths, three of which were children and two senior citizens, and 202 injuries. Over 7,200 houses are reported to be damaged, of which 518 were destroyed. About 81 per cent of the damage is located in Surigao City and the neighboring town of San Francisco. (OCHA, 2 Mar 2017)
On 5 March, a 5.9 magnitude tremor struck at a depth of 13 km near San Francisco municipality (population 14,500 people), Surigao del Norte province. One death was reported and local authorities are assessing the situation. This was reported as an aftershock of the 6.7 magnitude earthquake which struck Surigao del Norte on 10 February. As of 3 March, more than 7,800 people remain displaced following the larger earthquake, with most staying in open areas near their homes or with relatives or friends. (OCHA, 6 Mar 2017)
During the period 2014-2016, the countryâs health system underwent Ebola Virus Disease outbreak with disruptive effect on health services along with degrading confidence in health services.
Being nearly overwhelmed by the EVD outbreak the responses, healthcare workers could hardly follow-up and implement surveillance, prevention and management activities for other diseases. The failure to give attention to the diseases resulted into increased upsurge of vaccine-preventable diseases outstandingly the measles. As a comparison, in 2014, the country experienced a measles outbreak which affected 25 health districts.
Surveillance of the disease shows that since early 2016, despite interventions (conduct of in-depth investigations and management of cases, response organization in the health Districts, enhanced surveillance, providing health Districts with vaccines and supplies, community awareness in measles), the confirmed cases were continuously reported in several health districts. In 2017, 408 suspected measles cases reported with 122 confirmed. The following prefectures are affected: NzÃ©rÃ©korÃ©, Gueckedou, Matoto, Ratoma, Fria, Dubreka, Kindia, Coyah, Kaloum, Dixinn, ForÃ©cariah and Matam. The Prefectures of Siguiri, LabÃ© and BokÃ© are on alert. (IFRC, 24 Feb 2017)
On 25 February, the measles epidemic was been declared in 14 of the 38 health districts in Guinea. 13 districts have been put on alert. (Gov't of Guinea, 25 Feb 2017) Cumulatively, as of 5 March, 296 suspected cases have been reported, of which, 12 were positive, 217 negative, and 10 equivocal. (Gov't of Guinea/WHO, 5 Mar 2017)
On 25 January, heavy snowfall and freezing weather has killed 27 children in a remote district of northern Afghanistan. (RFE, 26 Jan 2017)
A large number of avalanche, snowfall and rain-related disasters were reported around Afghanistan between 4-7 February, with 22 out of 34 provinces reported to have been affected. Provinces with casualties and significant damage to homes and livelihoods included Badakhshan (several districts), Balkh (Chimtal), Faryab (Pashtun Kot, Kohistanat), Samangan (Darisuf Bala), Sar-i-Pul (Sozmaqala, Sayad and Balkhab), Hirat (Adraksan), Badghis (Nahya Four and Ab Kamari), Nangarhar (several districts), Paktia (several districts), Khost (several districts), Helmand (Lashkar Gah), Kandahar (Kandahar City), Bamiyan, Daykundi, Parwan and Kapisa (all several districts). (OCHA, 8 Feb 2017)
Badakhshan and Nooristan provinces were severely hit by two avalanches, resulting in causalities and destruction of houses followed by flash floods on 18 February that had significantly impacted in Herat, Zabul and Nimroz provinces. An estimated 6,752 families were reportedly affected across Afghanistan, with 194 deaths, and 90 persons sustaining injuries in various parts of the country. The majority of the reported caseloads have been assessed, with a total 2,010 families in need of assistance, while the distribution of relief items is underway and expected to be completed by 02 March 2017. (IOM, 25 Feb 2017)
As of 23 February, several homes had been destroyed or swept away by flood waters, and over 20,000 hectares of arable land had been submerged in flood water. An estimated 3,000 people have been affected and displaced by flooding in both Chakhansur and Khashrod districts. Affected populations are in dire need of humanitarian assistance. Some of the affected were already vulnerable prior to the flooding. Many were either internally displaced or returnees from Iran. Access to families affected in Chakhansur district is currently difficult due to high flood waters that have prevented access by road to affected people (ACAPS, 2 Mar 2017)
As of 20 January, over 63,000 people remain displaced due to flash floods in northern Mindanao and the Visayas from 16 January, with an estimated 48,000 people inside 115 evacuation centres. (OCHA, 23 Jan 2017)
According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), the combined effects of the rains that have lashed starting mid-January resulted in at least nine deaths, injured 10 people, damaged homes and swept away livelihoods, mainly in CARAGA, Davao and Northern Mindanao regions. More than 320,000 households (1.5 million people) have been affected, with at least 1,300 houses damaged. The authorities pre-emptively evacuated over 17,000 households (85,000 people), with 53,200 people still remaining in evacuation centres or staying with host families. Parts of Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Compostela Valley, Davao Oriental, Lanao del Sur and Maguindanao provinces have been declared under the state of calamity. Initial estimates indicated that the cost of damage caused to agriculture alone is more than PHP 126 million (CHF 2.5 million). (IFRC, 3 Feb 2017)
In January 2017, a total of 77,704 families (approximately 387,138 persons) were displaced in Mindanao due to several days of massive flooding caused by heavy and continuous rain. Most of the displaced -- 328,111 persons -- were able to return to their homes as of mid-February. (Protection Cluster, 15 Feb 2017)
As of 19 February, over 30,700 people remained displaced in northeastern Mindanao (Caraga region) by flooding triggered by a series of weather systems since 8 January. At least 2,100 people are in 18 shelters, while most are staying with relatives and friends. Local authorities and NGOs, with support from the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) are providing food and other relief items. (OCHA, 20 Feb 2017)
As of 25 February, more than 30,000 people remain displaced by flooding in northeastern Mindanao, with most staying with relatives or friends. Surigao del Norte, which was also affected by the 10 February earthquake, still has 1,150 people displaced by flooding that are staying in evacuation centres. Local disaster management authorities continue to monitor the situation and provide assistance to those displaced. (OCHA, 27 Feb 2017)
Flooding in low-lying areas in Mindanao is a yearly occurrence, particularly during monsoon season. But from January to February this year, the effects of a low pressure area and the tail-end of a cold front brought unusually heavy rain and flooding in different parts of Mindanao and Visayas. Over 280,000 people have been affected all over Mindanao. As of 2 March, over 29,000 people are still displaced in Caraga region. (OCHA, 2 March 2017)
As of 12 March, over 11,000 people in Lamitan City (Basilan province) and Tambulig municipality (Zamboanga del Sur province) are displaced by flooding. Two deaths in the provinces of Misamis Occidental and Sarangani and one missing person in Maguindanao province were also reported. The floods damaged 127 houses, mostly in Lamitan City. Local disaster management authorities, with support from the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao Humanitarian Emergency Action Response Team and the Philippine Red Cross, are providing relief items to those affected in Basilan. (OCHA, 13 March 2017)
Algeria has been suffering from a cold wave that began on 16 January 2017. The falling snow and cold weather in Algeria has affected the Eastern, Central and the high plateau regions. The snow has cut off numerous communities and villages, particularly in the mountainous areas, causing losses to livelihoods due to isolation, power cuts and material damages to the residents of these areas. Dwellings have been damaged by the heavy snowfall, especially the tents used by nomadic population. Initial assessments carried out by the ARCS indicate that up to 25,000 families have been affected by the adverse weather conditions to various degrees. To cope with the situation substantial Government and military resources have been deployed. (IFRC, 27 Jan 2017)
From mid-January, a cold wave has moved across Morocco affecting most cities. Temperatures have fallen rapidly, reach as low as -13 degrees Celsius in high altitude areas, and between -2 and 0 degrees Celsius in the interior of the country. Regions in the east, north and south have been particularly affected. These low temperatures were due to a mass flow of polar air from the Arctic to Eastern Europe and North Africa. The national services of meteorology directorate have confirmed that intense cold conditions are set to continue.
Under royal instructions, and in response to the intense cold spell, the Ministry of the Interior and all external services and military services have launched a special programme of solidarity for the population groups heavily affected by the cold wave, especially mountainous, remote areas and enclosed douars (village communities). This aid programme has already been launched in some heavily affected areas, with some families having already received blankets and food and appropriate equipment for the winter.
This wave of freezing conditions and snow has also caused economic losses and livelihoods due to the isolation of several areas. In addition, traffic paralyzed as well by cutting roads reduced supplies to certain remote communities ... As part of the coordination with the Ministry of the Interior, Moroccan Red Crescent was commissioned to intervene in three regions to help 2,000 families (10,000 beneficiaries) to provide food and relief non-food items. These regions are: Oriental, Tangier-Tetouan and Fes-Taza. (IFRC, 26 Jan 2017)
Continuous heavy rains and record-breaking snow fall have caused widespread flooding across three districts in Balochistan, from 17 to 22 January 2017. The government declared an emergency in the most impacted districts and demanded assistance for roughly 60,000 affected people in the province. On 30 January, the government made an official request to the Pakistan Red Crescent Society, asking for support for 6,000 families. Authorities reported 13 deaths and 650 people injured. (IFRC, 08 Feb 2017)
Two separate incidents -- an avalanche and a landslide -- occurred overnight on 17 February in Chitral district, killing eight people and causing additional injuries. (ECHO, 20 Feb 2017)
On 24 January 2017, the National Liaison Centre for the International Health Regulations of Brazil (RSI for its acronym in Portuguese), which is an extension of WHO, provided updated information to PAHO/WHO on the country's yellow fever situation; the information that was provided showed that the geographic distribution of confirmed cases is expanding and that it not only includes the state of Minas Gerais, but also the states of EspÃrito Santo, SÃ£o Paulo, and Rio Grande do Norte. In addition, cases are being investigated in the states of BahÃa, Goias and Tocantis.
According to epidemiological report number 29 from Brazil's Ministry of Health, 1,431 suspected cases of yellow fever have been reported 1 December, 2016 to 10 March 2017; of these cases 379 (26.50 per cent) were confirmed, 125 (8.73 per cent) were ruled out and 927 (64.77 per cent) are still under investigation.
The total number of suspected and confirmed cases is the highest that has been registered in the country since 2000 according to the WHO, and the vector poses a risk of spreading the disease to other parts of Brazil and other neighbouring countries in South America. (IFRC, 21 Mar 2017)
Reports from the Zambia Disaster Management and Mitigation Unit indicate that as of 9 January 2017, close to 130,000 ha planted to maize had been affected by a severe outbreak of the Fall Armyworm, which is new to the southern African region. Of the affected area, over 68,000 ha may require re-planting. Government efforts to control the outbreak are underway...With 94% of the countryâs districts affected in varying degrees, including several districts bordering Zambiaâs eight neighbours in the SADC region, vigilant region-wide monitoring activities are required. (SADC, 13 Jan 2017)
A fall armyworm outbreak, the first emergence of the pest in southern Africa, is causing considerable crop damage in some countries. If the pest damage aggravates, it could dampen prospects for good crop harvests that is anticipated in the current farming season. Maize, a staple food in the region, has been the most affected, as well as other cereals including sorghum, millet and wheat. Southern Africa is reeling from the effects of two consecutive years of El NiÃ±o-induced drought that affected over 40 million people, reduced food availability by 15 percent and caused a cereal deficit of 9 million tonnes. (FAO, 3 Feb 2017)
Sixteen East and Southern African countries agreed on 16 February on urgent plans of action aimed at boosting the regionâs capacity to manage emerging crop pests and livestock diseases, including armyworm and avian influenza ... Zambia has reported that almost 90 000 hectares of maize have been affected, forcing farmers to replant their crops. In Malawi some 17 000 hectares have so far been affected while in Namibia, approximately 50 000 hectares of maize and millet has been damaged and in Zimbabwe up to 130 000 hectares could be affected thus far. (FAO, 16 Feb 2017)
In the afternoon of 5 January 2016, the western and north-eastern parts of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia were hit by a heavy snowstorm. In the evening, the temperatures decreased to 25 Celsius degrees below zero. The mountain passes through Gostivar, Kicevo, Kriva Palanka â Kustendil put a ban on the movement of heavy vehicles, while motor vehicles were moving in difficult conditions due to the icy road conditions.
Specialized vehicles have been working on cleaning the roads from the snow. Many villages were cut off by high snowdrifts and the blocked roads in the regions of Skopje, Bitola, Kriva Palanka, Debar, Makedonski Brod, Gostivar, Kumanovo, Kichevo, Struga Ohrid and Stip. The Red Cross of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia assisted 255 vulnerable families in these regions. As a result of the cold and freezing temperatures, three people have been reported as dead in Skopje, Strumica and Pehcevo. (IFRC, 24 Jan 2017)
A sharp cold snap (Cyclone Axel) hit Belarus on 5 January 2017, with heavy snowfalls accompanied by frost and strong winds. Temperatures dropped down to 25â29 degrees Celsius below zero, and in some places even to minus 31â34 Celsius degrees. The country's meteorological service issued an orange weather warning. Invasion of cold arctic air masses from the north of European Russia followed on 6 January.
Many Belarusian citizens, especially homeless, were unprepared for severe frosts and snowfalls. Within one night, snow layers reached up to 18â22 cm. Snow caused a large number of road accidents, including those with intercity buses, leaving the drivers and travellers stranded for hours on highways. In addition, the wind was 19â22 meters per second according to the Belarusian hydroâ meteorological centre. According to the data reported on 11 January 2017, it is estimated that 539 people (including 31 children) were traumatized and 10 died of hypothermia. (IFRC, 24 Jan 2017)
Since the beginning of January 2017, heavy seasonal rainfall has been affecting Southern Africa.
In Mozambique, 44 people have died and 79,000 have been affected mainly in the central and southern provinces in January. The Mozambican authorities issued an orange alert for the provinces of Maputo, Gaza, Inhambane and Nampula, yet areas of Tete and Sofala provinces have also been affected. The orange alert means that government institutions are planning for an impending disaster. Continued rainfall has been forecast for the first quarter of 2017. Rains are expected to continue, which will increase the number of people affected. The risk of vector- and water-borne diseases is particularly high, as both cholera and malaria are endemic and outbreaks recurring. (ACAPS, 26 Jan 2017)
In Malawi, due to La NiÃ±a weather phenomenon since the onset of the rainy season, many districts have received normal to above normal rainfall triggering flash floods in some of the districts. Between 4 and 10 February, heavy rain caused the worst flooding in Salima District in four Traditional Authorities of Ndindi, Pemba, Kambwiri and Maganga. A total of 35,304 people have been affected. 7,216 people have been displaced and are homeless and are dwelling in school blocks. (Act Alliance, 15 Feb 2017)
On 15 February, Tropical Cyclone Dineo made landfall near Inhambane, Southern Mozambique. Shortly after, the storm evolved from severe tropical storm to Category III Tropical Cyclone and was reclassified as Ex-Dineo. The initial report indicated 3 deaths and 4 injured, damaged Infrastructure (electricity, and roads) as a result of the storm in the affected areas. The National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC) projects that urban flooding in small villages and cities may affect 200,000 people over the next 7 days and the following river basins would be at risk of flooding. (IFRC, 18 Feb 2017)
Despite the fact that cyclone Dineo has been downgraded as tropical depression ex-Dineo as it moved over land, it still caused heavy rainfall over 100 mm/24 hours, and strong winds in several parts of Zimbabwe. The National Disaster Response Agency issued the warning signal for 13 districts in 5 provinces â Matabeleland South, Matabeleland North, Midlands, Masvingo, and Manicaland. Communities located along the Limpopo basin and Middle Sabi valley on the Southern Part are at highest risk.The tropical depression resulted in damages to houses and public buildings, infrastructure, including roads, dams and electricity. It is also threatening that as the rains continue in the areas it might cause localized floods and inundations of agricultural land affecting production and livelihoods. (IFRC, 22 Feb 2017)
Between 18 and 23 February 2017, Botswana was hit by the tropical depression, ex-Dineo which caused significant flooding across the country. As a result of inundations, bridges have collapsed, roads have been closed, and health facilities have been flooded. The Government has closed schools in some districts to reduce the risk of children drowning, however in some districts children must still travel long distances to school in sometimes hazardous flood conditions. (IFRC, 11 Mar 2017)
In Namibia some 23,581 learners from schools in Omusati Region are currently idling at home as a precautionary measure taken by 67 schools that have been flooded by the incessant heavy rains that have deluged the north of Namibia in recent weeks. Apart from Omusati Region, schools in Ohangwena are also flooded with rainwater gushing into a number of classrooms. (New Era, 10 Mar 2017)
Continuous heavy rains caused widespread flooding across 11 provinces in southern Thailand. As of 9 January, over 330,300 households were affected and authorities reported 21 deaths. The Government upgraded the disaster management response level to 3 (large scale disaster) and established disaster command centres in Surat Thani and Songkla to coordinate the national response. With rains forecast to continue until 10 January, a public warning on potential landslides was issued. The UN Resident Coordinator has issued a letter to the Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation (DDPM) offering support. (OCHA, 9 Jan 2017)
The flood death toll in the South reached 91 on 28 January 2017. Four people remain missing, according to the Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation (DDPM). The deaths and missing persons were reported across 12 provinces, said Chatchai Promlert, DDPM director-general. These areas have been plagued by flooding since 1 December. About 1.8 million people and 590,000 families have suffered from the floods' effects. The floods have also damaged 4,314 roads, 348 bridges, 270 drains, 126 weirs, two reservoirs, 70 government offices and 2,336 schools, said Mr Chatchai. (Bangkok Post, 29 Jan 2017)
By 3 February, Thailand's Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation had reported that three provinces were still dealing with flooding. More than 3,400 households were affected. (Govt. Thailand, 03 Feb 2017)
On 14 February, Thai authorities downgraded the disaster management response level for the floods from Level 3 to Level 2, or from a large-scale disaster to a medium-scale disaster. (Govt. of Thailand, 14 Feb 2017)
Seasonal heavy continuous rains in Malaysia from 26 December 2016 caused flooding in two states: Kelantan and Terengganu. The floods temporarily displaced about 25,000 people and have rendered some villages inaccessible due to damaged bridges and blocked roads. (IFRC, 5 Jan 2017)
Rains after 23 January 2017 caused flooding in six states: Johor, Kelantan, Pahang, Perak, Selangor and Sabah. The worst-hit states wereJohor and Pahang, where waters rose 1.5 metres in certain areas. The total number of affected people was 14,903 as of 27 January. (IFRC, 27 Jan 2017)
The situation improved significantly after the Lunar New Year weekend (28-29 January), with floodwater receding in several affected districts, allowing families that were in relief centres to return home. According to media reports, at least 80 per cent of evacuees in the affected areas have returned home. As of 8 February, 189 people (54 families) were still in active relief centres in Perak.
While the situation has improved, forecasts by the Malaysian Meteorological Department projected that more rains may affect Peninsular Malaysia in the second week of February. Such as scenario would affect the condition of major rivers in Pahang, Terengganu, Johor and Perak, which are still at critical levels. The public authorities, in particular NADMA, and response organizations, including the Malaysian Red Crescent Society (MRCS), have taken precautionary efforts to ensure that response teams are ready for the potential second cycle of flooding in these areas. (IFRC, 9 Feb 2017)
During the week of 20 - 26 February, torrential rains caused the Baram and Limbang rivers in Sarawak to overflow. This triggered flooding that forced the evacuation of 830 people. (ASEAN, 26 Feb 2017)
Torrential rain has caused flooding in Pahang. Responding to the situation, the local authority evacuated 233 people to the evacuation centres. (ASEAN, 05 March 2017)
A Tropical Cyclone named NOCK-TEN formed over the north-western Pacific Ocean, near the Federated States of Micronesia, on 21 December. It then started moving north-west and it passed close to Yap island on 22 Dec morning (UTC), as a Tropical Storm. (ECHO, 22 Dec 2016)
Typhoon Nock-Ten entered the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) on 23 December. It intensified into a typhoon on 24 December and made landfall over Catanduanes province on the evening of 25 December, then crossed Albay, Camarines Sur, Southern Quezon, Laguna, Batangas and Cavite. (OCHA, 26 Dec 2016)
Initially, local disaster management officials were pressed to convince citizens to abandon Christmas celebrations and head to evacuation shelters. More than 400,000 people heeded the call and were evacuated across 18 provinces after local officials imposed forced evacuations and offered enticements, such as free Christmas dinners, at evacuation sites. (OCHA, 02 Feb 2017)
As of 27 December, Typhoon Nock-ten left the landmass moved out to the West Philippine Sea after making eight landfalls. Metro Manila, which had been forecasted to be struck with storm-force winds and moderate to heavy rainfall, was mostly spared as the typhoon weakened and the track moved slightly south. Only isolated low floods in some areas were reported in the capital. The main focus of the impact shifted closer to where the typhoon first made landfall in the provinces of Catanduanes, Albay and Camarines Sur, which were affected by strong winds, heavy rains and storm surge. (IFRC, 27 Dec 2016)
On 29 December, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies launched a 1.6-million Swiss Franc emergency appeal (USD 1.56 million, Euro 1.5 million) to help the Philippine Red Cross assist more than 20,000 people with emergency relief assistance and longer term recovery support. As of 29 December, there had been 10 confirmed deaths. (IFRC, 29 Dec 2016)
As of 18 January, only 7 percent of the IFRC's original 1.6-million Swiss Franc emergency appeal had materialized through hard pledges. With the appeal "significantly underfunded", PRC and IFRC called on partners to provide much-needed support to enable the delivery of assistance to affected populations. Initial assessments by PRC indicated that immediate needs for food, non-food items, safe drinking water and emergency shelter materials were essential to provide relief to affected households during the emergency phase. Shelter, livelihoods and risk reduction are top priorities for recovery. (IFRC, 18 Jan 2017)
As of 24 January, there were 368 people still displaced as a result of Typhoon Nock-ten, according to the Department of Social Welfare and Development. (OCHA, 02 Feb 2017)
As of 31 January, the storm had affected 2.88 million people in Regions IV-A, IV-B, V and VIII. Roughly 393,400 buildings had been damaged, while 194,900 metric tons of rice, corn and high value crops totalling USD 90 million were recorded as agricultural production losses. (OCHA, 31 Jan 2017)
It is expected that dzud may mainly affect the northern parts of the country. Currently, 110 soums (townships) in 13 aimags (provinces), which is around 32 per cent of the total number of soums in country, are starting to experience hardship. (IFRC, 17 Dec 2016)
Mongoliaâs Deputy Prime Minister Khurelsukh Ukhnaa called for international help at a special meeting with international aid agencies on 15 December, following the warning issued by the National Emergency Management Agency and National Agency for Meteorology and Environment Monitoring in November. (Save the Children, 20 Dec 2016)
Existing resources and coping mechanisms were reported insufficient and/or severely stretched as a result of the unusual and early snowfall throughout October and November. On 23 December, the Deputy Prime Minister of Mongolia issued a letter to the international community in Mongolia calling for financial and technical assistance. (OCHA, 27 Dec 2016)
Recent severe winter conditions have worsened the situation with average temperature continuously being lower than normal and precipitation forming thicker layer of snow and ice over the grassland. The effect of Dzud is magnified due to the worsening socio-economic situation in the country. Mongolian animal husbandry is based on open grazing. In the winter season, the open grazing exposes livestock and herders to harsher survival condition. (IFRC, 4 Jan 2017)
As of 16 January 2017, severe winter conditions affected an estimated 157,000 people (37,000 herder households) across 17 out of 21 provinces in Mongolia. A drought during the summer of 2016 has depleted herdersâ reserves of hay and fodder in the eastern part of the country, putting at risk livestock, which are a vital source of food, transport and income for thousands of people. Multipurpose cash grants to support life-saving basic needs, emergency agricultural inputs and veterinary first aid kits have been identified as priority needs. The Office of the Deputy Prime Minister has established a task force (from January to May) to coordinate the response to the harsh winter conditions. (OCHA, 16 Jan 2017)
United Nations has allocated $1.1 million through its Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to launch a rapid humanitarian response and provide life-saving assistance, which aims to address the most urgent needs of 3,500 poorest and most vulnerable herder households across 36 soums in 13 aimags. (UN Resident Coordinator for Mongolia, 24 Jan 2017)
On 10 February, IFRC launched an emergency appeal for CHF 655, 512 francs to assist 11,264 people for 10 months. (IFRC, 10 Feb 2017)
An assessment by Save the Children found that the most vulnerable households, particularly herder households, are already struggling to cope with the impact of a second severe winter in a row; most herders have a loan from the bank and buy food on credit from local markets. Children â especially those from herdersâ families â are expected to be particularly affected by this crisis; the usually long journey to school at the beginning of term is now more dangerous, their schools and dormitories are incredibly cold, and respiratory infections are common, but access to healthcare is very poor. (Save the Children, 22 Jan 2017)
As of 15 February, the Government of Mongolia is reporting dzud or near dzud conditions in 127 soums of 17 provinces, and two districts of Ulaanbaatar City. It is estimated that 165,282 people (43,579 herder households) are at risk. One quarter are children, pregnant women, people with special needs and elderly people. (UN Resident Coordinator for Mongolia, 27 Feb 2017)
Due to a Tropical Depression that is passing near the Fiji islands, heavy rain and strong winds have been affecting most areas of the country, especially the Central and Eastern divisions, causing floods and landslides. Approx. 226 mm of rain in 24 h were recorded in Nausori (Central division, Viti Levu island) over 15-16 December.
Local media, as of 16 December early morning (UTC), reported that 282 people have been evacuated, of which 120 in the Eastern and 162 in the Central divisions. Traffic has been disrupted and power cut off in several parts of these divisions.
Over the next 48 hours, the Tropical Depression will continue to move near the eastern side of Fiji islands. Heavy rain and strong winds may continue to affect most of the country. As of 16 December early morning (UTC), Heavy Rain and Flood Warnings are in effect for the whole country. (ECHO, 16 Dec 2016)
The Tropical Depression was located to the west of Fiji as of 19 December. Some 1,363 people have been evacuated to 86 evacuation centres following flash floods. In Central Division, area water supplies have been cut off and power outages have been reported. In the Northern Division, the government is providing emergency food rations to Qamea Island. (OCHA, 19 Dec 2016)
As of 22 December, the flood alert in Fiji had been cancelled, but there was extensive damage reported in parts of the country, according to media reports. Around 50,000 people are facing water disruptions in the Central Division as a result of damage to the water pumping stations at Fiji's Waimanu and Wainibukur. A total of 2,327 people are currently being housed at 119 evacuation centres around the country. Officials with the Disaster Management Office, or DISMAC, said the initial assessment damage from the tropical depression stands at $FJD10.7 million, or over $US 5.3 million. (RNZ, 22 Dec 2016)
As of 23 December, the Red Cross has reached ten communities. Distribution of cleaning kits to flood-affected households has commenced along with other non-food assistance. Restoring access to fresh water to Rakiraki for drinking and cleaning remains the priority. (RNZ, 23 Dec 2016)
Since September, 419 measles cases have been officially recorded, 302 of which are children under five. (UNICEF, 13 Dec 2016)
This week IOM...launched a mass public health campaign to contain an ongoing measles outbreak in Kismayo...Through TV and radio, IOM, the Somali government and health partners are disseminating a series of public messages about measles...The six-day campaign is estimated to reach over 2,000 people in the most affected communities, as well as surrounding areas. (IOM, 16 Dec 2016.)
UNICEF and partners are aiming to vaccinate 54,000 children under 10 in Kismayo...There have been over 704 cases of fever and rashes in Kismayo, the majority of them children...Most were not vaccinated against measles although there are 16 free vaccination posts in Kismayo. (UNICEF, 16 Dec 2016.)
Drought conditions have increased the spread of epidemic-prone diseases such as acute watery diarrhoea, cholera and measles. In the first 7 weeks of 2017, over 6000 cases and 65 deaths by acute watery diarrhoea/ cholera have been reported, and a total of 2578 cases of suspected measles were reported as of September 2016. (WHO, 27 Feb 2017)
On 9 December 2016, a very strong undersea earthquake of magnitude 8.0 occurred at 4:39am local time about 62 kilometers west-southwest of Kirakira, Makira Ulawa Province in the Solomon Islands. Shaking was strongly felt in Makira, south of Malaita, north of Guadalcanal and in Rennel & Bellona. A tsunami was observed in Makira. In the several hours following the earthquake, the Solomon Islands experienced ten significant aftershocks ranging from 4.5M to 5.5M. Initial reports received from the provinces indicate disaster impacts resulting from the earthquake and tsunami. (IFRC, 9 Dec 2016)
The Solomon Islands government estimates that almost 7,000 people have been impacted by the earthquake. A nine-year-old child died in Guadalcanal when a house collapsed. In total, 191 houses have been destroyed and 114 damaged. Eleven schools and a medical clinic have also been damaged by the quake. (IFRC, 14 Dec 2016)
As of 21 December, the estimated number of people affected had climbed to 9,769 people, according to government data. (IFRC, 24 Dec 2016)