Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

25 de septiembre de 2022
Erasmus Mundus Master in Public Health in Disasters



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Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre. Facultad de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud. 7ª Planta
Campus del Cristo
33006 Oviedo - España
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Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

Desastres activos

Bulgaria: Floods - Sep 2022

Affected country: Bulgaria
Glide: FL-2022-000312-BGR

As a result of intense rain that fell on the territory of Plovdiv region, Central Bulgaria on 2 September 2022, consecutive floods caused heavy damages in a number of settlements in three municipalities along Stryama river - the municipalities of Karlovo, Kaloyanovo and Maritsa. (IFRC, 21 Sep 2022)

Hurricane Fiona - Sep 2022

Affected countries: Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Dominican Republic, Guyana, Puerto Rico (The United States of America), Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States Virgin Islands
Glide: TC-2022-000314-DOM

Between 16 September to 18 September, Fiona crossed the Eastern Caribbean with Tropical Storm force causing minor damage except for in Guadeloupe where it caused the death of one person and left considerable damage to infrastructure. As the system approached Puerto Rico and the eastern coast of the Dominican Republic, Fiona gained Hurricane Force and damaged infrastructure, power outages and road blockages due to debris. Sustained heavy rainfall produced significant and life-threatening flooding.

In Puerto Rico, according to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), heavy rainfall of as much as 25 inches, caused life-threatening mud and landslides while Fiona's rain bands continue to cause urban and rural flooding as the system moves north. According to international media outlets, at the height of the impact of Fiona, the entire island of Puerto Rico was left without power, leaving over three million people without access to electricity.

In Dominican Republic, national authorities confirm some 13,000 people were moved to secured areas (moved to neighbors, friends or families) while over 1,500 people are currently in 49 emergency shelters. Close to 1.17 million people are currently experiencing water supply issues related to impact to water systems while power outages are affecting more than 400,000 people. (OCHA, 20 Sep 2022)

According to UN OCHA, UNICEF and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), in Puerto Rico four people died and almost 1,360 have been sheltered. In the Dominican Republic, two others died, 13,760 have been displaced and more than 1,000 sheltered. Moreover, UN OCHA reports one fatality and widespread damage to infrastructure in Guadalupe. (ECHO, 21 Sep 2022)

Uganda: Ebola Outbreak - Sep 2022

Affected country: Uganda
Glide: EP-2022-000315-UGA

The health authorities in Uganda today declared an outbreak of Ebola after a case of the relatively rare Sudan strain was confirmed in Mubende district in the central part of the country. The Uganda Virus Research Institute confirmed the case after testing a sample taken from a 24-year-old male. This follows an investigation by the National Rapid Response team of six suspicious deaths that have occurred in the district this month. There are currently eight suspected cases who are receiving care in a health facility. (WHO, 20 Sep 2022)

So far, seven cases, including one death, have been confirmed to have contracted the Sudan ebolavirus – one of the six species of the Ebolavirus genus. Forty-three contacts have been identified and 10 people suspected to have caught the virus are receiving treatment at the regional referral hospital in Mubende, the district where the disease was confirmed this week, making it the first time Uganda has detected the Sudan ebolavirus since 2012. (WHO, 22 Sep 2022)

Sierra Leone: Flash Floods - Aug 2022

Affected country: Sierra Leone
Glide: FF-2022-000309-SLE

Freetown, the capital city of Sierra Leone has been experiencing persistent torrential rains since mid-August 2022. The highest recorded incident was on 28 August 2022, with rains causing associated impacts, including flooding in low-lying areas as well as new episodes of landslides on a low scale. Major roads in the city centre were rendered impassable due to the flood waters, heavily constraining vehicles and pedestrians having to find alternative routes. The city continues to experience more heavy rains which may cause flooding in additional communities and increase the number of affected people. (IFRC, 19 Sep 2022)

According to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), in the period 29 August - 7 September, eight people died, four are still missing, 79 others were injured, and more than 12,900 people have been affected by flash floods and landslides. The capital Freetown is one of the worst-hit areas where the number of affected people continues to increase. (ECHO, 21 Sep 2022)

Guinea: Floods - Aug 2022

Affected country: Guinea
Glide: FL-2022-000305-GIN

From 25 to 26 August, heavy and uninterrupted rains fell across Guinea, causing flooding in several prefectures. Some 13 of the 27 districts of the Kankan province, and 7 of the 12 sub-prefectures have experienced varying levels of impact, according to Guinea National Red Cross and National Disaster Management Agency. Rains continue to fall in the country and in Kankan province. [...]

The detail from the rapid assessment indicates that 24,135 are the most affected amongst those and in need of urgent humanitarian assistance. So far, 93 houses are reported to have been destroyed, 335 people displaced, 320 water points and 375 latrines destroyed. Additionally, 3,928 of the most affected population are children under the ages of 5 years, 873 pregnant women, 1732 breastfeeding women, 87 persons with disabilities, 649 elderly persons. (IFRC, 16 Sep 2022)

Zimbabwe: Measles Outbreak - Apr 2022

Affected country: Zimbabwe
Glide: EP-2022-000304-ZWE

Zimbabwe has been hit by a deadly national measles outbreak. Cases have doubled from 1036 to 2056 in four days (as of the 15th of August 2022) and have killed 157 children from 2056 cases reported in all the provinces between April and August 20221. The disease was first recorded in Manicaland province on the 10th of April 2022 in Mutasa district. The government responded by initiating the vaccination of children under 5 years regardless of vaccination status. As of 31 August 2022, a cumulative total of 5,735 Cases were recorded by MoH. 4,117 Recoveries and 639 Deaths have been reported since the onset of the outbreak. New cases were reported from Matabeleland North (60), Manicaland (49), Mashonaland East (41), Mashonaland West (23), Chitungwiza (11), and Harare (6). Since mid-August, it has been an upward trend of new cases and a spread to other provinces. On 31 August, 639 dead were recorded against 704 in September. On 06 September, the total number of deaths was 704. (IFRC, 14 Sep 2022)

Syria: Cholera Outbreak - Sep 2022

Affected country: Syrian Arab Republic
Glide: EP-2022-000310-SYR

On 10 September, the Syrian Ministry of Health (MoH) declared an outbreak of cholera in Aleppo Governorate following 15 confirmed laboratory cases, including one death. Between 25 August and 10 September, the surveillance data showed that a total of 936 severe acute watery diarrhoea cases were reported in Syria, including at least eight deaths. Most of the cases were reported from Aleppo (72.2%, 676 cases), Deir-ez-Zor (21.5%, 201 cases), Ar-Raqqa (1.8% 17 cases), Al Hasakeh (4.1%, 38 cases), Hama (0.2%, 2 cases) and Lattakia (0.2%, 2 cases). The number of confirmed cholera cases so far is 20 in Aleppo, four in Lattakia and two in Damascus (people coming from Aleppo). Based on a rapid assessment conducted by health authorities and partners, the source of infection is believed to be linked to people drinking unsafe water from the Euphrates River and using contaminated water to irrigate crops, resulting in food contamination. (OCHA, 12 Sep 2022)

Senegal: Floods - Aug 2022

Affected country: Senegal
Glide: FL-2022-000290-SEN

From 5 to 7 August 2022, the cities of Dakar, Thiès and Matam recorded heavy rainfall totalling almost 500 mm for the three regions, according to weather data. Assessment reports by volunteers reveal that this situation caused a lot of damage in the mentioned areas, resulting in the destruction of 170 houses and the displacement of 1,396 families who were accommodated in schools or hosted by neighbours in challenging living conditions. Some 317 families were not relocated and are still living in their flooded houses. In these three regions, 8 departments are the most affected: five departments in Dakar, the department of Thiès, and two departments in Matam. (IFRC, 12 Aug 2022)

Papua New Guinea: Earthquake - Sep 2022

Affected country: Papua New Guinea
Glide: EQ-2022-000308-PNG

On 11 September at 9:46 local time (10 September at 23:46 UTC), a 7.6-magnitude earthquake struck about 67 km east of Kainantu, Eastern Highlands and 80 km north-west of Lae Morobe according to the US Geological Survey (USGS). The earthquake was felt around the country, including in Port Moresby with moderate to severe shaking. A second earthquake with a magnitude of 5.0 occurred at 10:42 local time about 73 km north-west of the epicentre of the previous earthquake. The Disaster Management Team reported moderate to heavy damages to dwellings made from light materials and minor to moderate structural damages to multi-story buildings in communities around the epicentre and as far away as the Morobe provincial capital of Lae and in Goroka, Eastern Highlands, about 120 km from the epicentre. According to the USGS, about 2.5 million people or 475,000 households live within 95 km of the epicentre. (ECHO, 11 Sep 2022)

One day following the 7.6-magnitude earthquake that struck about 67 km (41 miles) east of Kainantu, Eastern Highlands, information is beginning to emerge on its impacts. The number of confirmed deaths is now seven — including three newly reported deaths in Kabwum district, Morobe, at the epicentre of the quake, according to Police Commissioner David Manning. (UNCT in PNG, 12 Sep 2022)

According to the latest report of the Papua New Guinea Disaster Management Team (DMT), 24 people have been injured, and 389 houses collapsed (all in Madang Town). In addition, the same source reports widespread power outages, communication infrastructure disruptions and damage to roads and bridges. (ECHO, 13 Sep 2022)

The total number of confirmed deaths is now 12. The number of people with injuries is now at 42. Assessments were completed in Morobe and Eastern Highlands provinces. Primary observations conclude that damages were mostly limited to dwellings and other structures made from light materials. (UNCT in PNG, 16 Sep 2022)

Lao PDR: Floods and Landslides - Aug 2022

Affected country: Lao People's Democratic Republic (the)
Glide: FL-2022-000292-LAO

From 10 to 15 August, tropical storm Mulan (later weakened to a tropical depression) brought heavy rains to southern parts of China and northern parts of Viet Nam, Laos and Thailand. In Laos, heavy flooding and damage to homes and livestock were reported in parts of Xayaburi, Houaphan, Savannakhet and Luang Prabang provinces. (OCHA, 16 Aug 2022)

Following Tropical Storm Mulan, heavy rains and floods were reported on 6-18 August in 9 provinces, 29 districts, and 223 villages, affecting an estimated 40,000 people. At least 540 houses were partially damaged, over 8,500 hectares of agricultural land was affected, and 14 bridges were damaged. The Provincial of Disaster Management Committees in affected areas continue to collect information on damages and losses. (OCHA, 23 Aug 2022)

Early August, heavy rains hit Laos countrywide followed by a tropical storm that caused widespread floods in North, Central, and Southern Laos. The Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare released an official report on 15 August 2022 that eight provinces (Huaphan, Xayabouly, Borkeo, Luangprabang, Vientiane Capital, Salavan, Savanakhet, and Champasak) were affected. The rainfall brought widespread flooding and landslides causing roads to become impassable, water and electricity supplies have been cut and many residents evacuated. In Xayabouly, the Houng River overflowed, swamping riverside villages and partially submerging houses. [...] As of 15 August 2022, based on the initial assessment conducted by the Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare, the NDMO with the participation of LRC for each branch, it was highlighted that 185 villages in 27 districts, in 8 provinces, with an estimated 10,131 households (42,550 people) affected. There were one death and two injuries. (IFRC, 24 Aug 2022)

Mauritania: Floods - Jul 2022

Affected country: Mauritania
Glide: FL-2022-000286-MRT

From 25 July to 3rd August 2022, heavy rains caused flooding in some parts of Mauritania, including Hodh El Gharbi, Assaba and Tagant in southern and central Mauritania. Among other things, the floods caused extensive material damage to 4,351 households, or 28,926 people. They also caused the deaths of 14 people, most of them are children. Across all the 7 affected regions, 3,817 houses were destroyed and a loss of 766 head of cattle was recorded because of the severe rains. (IFRC, 23 Aug 2022)

Since late July, heavy rainfall and widespread floods hit several parts of Mauritania (particularly the southern regions) leading to casualties and damage. According to UN OCHA, at least 19 people have died, 38,000 people have been affected, and almost 4,000 houses destroyed. Hectares of crops have been destroyed, and roads were cut off for several days. Access to drinking water has become inaccessible for many affected families. (ECHO, 14 Sep 2022)

DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - Aug 2022

Affected country: Democratic Republic of the Congo
Glide: EP-2022-000302-COD

Health authorities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo declared a resurgence of Ebola late last night, following confirmation of one case in the country’s eastern province of North Kivu. A 46-year-old woman died on 15 August 2022 in Beni, a town located in North Kivu. She received care at the Beni Referral Hospital, initially for other ailments, but subsequently, exhibited symptoms consistent with Ebola virus disease. Both the Beni and Goma branches of the country’s National Institute of Biomedical Research (INRB) confirmed Ebola virus in samples taken from the patient. Analyses showed that the case was genetically linked to the 2018-2020 Ebola outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri Provinces— the country’s longest and largest. (WHO, 23 Aug 2022)

As of 4 September 2022, 181 contacts have been identified of which 79.5 per cent have been followed up. The Ebola Treatment Center (ETC) is not yet functional; however, 23 isolation beds are available (five at the Beni General Hospital and 18 in eight Health Centers). As of 4 September 2022, 200 persons have been vaccinated, including 48 contacts and 131 first line responders. (UNICEF, 8 Sep 2022)

Algeria: Wild Fires - Aug 2022

Affected country: Algeria
Glide: FR-2022-000297-DZA

Wildfires continue to burn across northern and north-eastern Algeria, causing a considerate humanitarian impact. According to the Algeria Press Service (APS) and media reports, since 15 August, at least 37 people have died (most of them in El Taref Province, north-eastern Algeria), and more than 200 others have been injured, including 10 firefighters. The affected areas include the Provinces of El Taref, Souk Ahras, Sétif Province, and Guelma. On 18-19 August, the Global Wildfire Information System (GWIS), has reported several active fires across northern Algeria. According to GWIS, the fire danger forecast on 19-21 August is expected to be from very high to extreme over most of northern Algeria. (ECHO, 19 Aug 2022)

More than 100 fires raged in north-eastern Algeria on the night of Sunday, August 14, 2022, affecting 14 governorates (Wilayas): Bejaia, Jijel, Souk Ahras, El Taref, Setif, Skikda, tipaza, tizi-ouzou, Guelma, Batna, Mila, Annaba, Constantine and Bordj Bou Arrerid. These fires resulted in the death of 44 people and caused more than 250 injuries, and the displacement of more than 500 families (2,000 people). The fires also affected the livelihoods of over 6,000 people, including farmers who have lost dozens of hectares, nearly a thousand fruit trees, and more than 400 heads of livestock (cows, sheep, etc.). According to the figures transmitted to the ARC by the wilayas, more than 6,000 hectares were destroyed by the fires. The wilaya of Souk Ahras has lost one-third of its forests. (IFRC, 5 Sep 2022)

Chad: Floods - Jul 2022

Affected countries: Chad, Sudan
Glide: FL-2022-000287-TCD

Following heavy rains on 26 and 30 of July 2022, thirteen villages, located in the sous-préfectures of Leré and Guegou (département of Lac Léré, province of Mayo-Kebbi Ouest) were flooded. A total of 384 households (2,112 individuals) were affected by the flooding. Among these households, the homes of 112 households were completely destroyed; these households now reside with other members of the community who were not affected by the floods. The homes of the remaining affected households (272 households) were partially damaged. At the time of data collection, these households continued to reside in these homes ... Following heavy rains, and the subsequent rise in the Bahr Azoum River's water level on the night of 30 July 2022, a total of 975 households (4,830 individuals) were affected by floods in two localities located in the sous-préfecture of Koukou Andarana (département of Koukou Andarana, province of Sila). Among these households, the homes of 390 households (1,905 individuals), residing in the locality of Koukou centre, were completely destroyed and they took refuge on a hill located in the locality considering that given its height, it would not be affected by probable flooding in coming weeks. The houses of 585 other households (2,925 individuals), residing in the locality of Habilé, were partially damaged. See page 2 for more details on the affected localities as well as an overview of the situation by sector. (IOM, 9 Aug 2022)

Floods continue to affect parts of Chad, particularly the Guera region (southern Chad), resulting in casualties. According to media reports, one person died and at least 40 households have been displaced in Mongo city, as floodwaters have damaged and destroyed a number of houses. On 26-27 August, moderate to locally heavy rainfall is forecast over southern Chad. (ECHO, 26 Aug 2022)

On Friday 5 August, several neighbourhoods were flooded after heavy rains hit in the capital city of Chad, Ndjamena. According to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), the rains keep affecting various regions of the country, including the province of Logone Oriental, causing human and material damage, and loss of livelihoods to a significant part of the population. The rapid assessment conducted by Red Cross of Chad (RCC) teams between 5 and 10 August 2022 identified at least 20,657 people affected, and the number continues to rise. Material damage is estimated at 2,067 houses completely destroyed. Due to lack of real-time information, this estimate does not represent all the damage (information provisionally made available by OCHA on 5 August 2022 in the snapshot). During the week of 01 to 7 August 2022, the successive heavy rainfall in N'Djamena, combined with the low-lying position of the Gozator hospital and the lack of drainage in its vicinity caused the main basin behind it to overflow and led to an unprecedented flooding of the hospital. (IFRC, 12 Sep 2022)

According to the latest report of UN OCHA, almost 623,000 people have been affected across 16 of the 23 Provinces, including the Capital N’Djamena with 44,839 affected people. The worst-hit Provinces are Tandjilé (southern Chad) with 166,258 affected people, followed by Logone (147,129 people), Mandoul (82,608), and Sila (77,357). (ECHO, 16 Sep 2022)

Niger: Floods - Sep 2022

Affected country: Niger
Glide: FL-2022-000316-NER

On 31st of August 2022, based on information coming from the Niger Basin Authority (NBA), in collaboration with the Directorate General of Water Resources and the Directorate of National Meteorological services, indicates that floods will occur in the week of 5 September in Niamey. As a result, the Niger Red Cross Society is activating its Early Action Protocol (EAP) for Floods. (IFRC, 1 Sep 2022)

Since June, heavy rainfall the rainfall season has been affecting parts of Niger, causing floods and resulting in casualties. According to media reports, 168 fatalities have been recorded, 185 people sustained injuries and about 226,717 individuals have been affected. The most impacted areas include the Maradi region (72 fatalities) and the Zinder Region (49 fatalities). Heavy rainfall caused the destruction or damage of more than 25,000 dwellings (houses, huts, and shelters), 71 classrooms, 6 medical care centres, and 217 cereal granaries. Nearly 700 cattles were also decimated. On 22-24 September, moderate to locally heavy rainfall is forecast over south-western Niger. (ECHO, 22 Sep 2022)

Gambia: Floods - Jul 2022

Affected country: Gambia
Glide: FL-2022-000276-GMB

From 30 to 31 July 2022, heavy rains hit several regions of The Gambia, leading to widespread flooding. Some houses have been so severely affected that the occupants had to be evacuated to public buildings such as mosques and schools for safety.

The most affected regions are Banjul, Kanifing Municipality, West Coast, and North Bank. In North Bank Region, five children have been reported dead and one is in critical condition and under treatment as a result of the thunderstorm that accompanied the rains on 30 July 2022. One other person is also reported dead in the West Coast Region. [...] According to the National Disaster Management Agency (NDMA), approximately 1,961 households are affected as of 31 July 2022. However, data verification done by GRCS as of 02 August 2022, shows that 606 households (7,021 people) are affected so far, with damages to their shelters, food, and latrines. This verification exercise is still ongoing and more verified data is expected to be obtained from GRCS volunteers in the field.

Preliminary information obtained as of 01 August 2022 from the first situational report produced by the NDMA indicates that a total of 17,201 people from 1,961 households have been affected. The impacts include destruction of houses, food stock, toilet facilities, and household items. (IFRC, 8 Aug 2022)

The ongoing assessments have identified at least 47,104 people who are directly affected by the recent heavy downpours. The suburbs in urban settlements have been the hardest hit by the recent floods. Rural areas have also suffered greatly. A total of 7 fatalities have been reported as a direct consequence of the recent flash floods with many more lives at risk. (Govt. Gambia, 25 Aug 2022)

Mongolia: Flash Floods - Jul 2022

Affected country: Mongolia
Glide: FF-2022-000278-MNG

Since early June, the country has been experiencing sudden and heavy rains in different regions. The rainfall precipitation average is 46-60 mm which differs depending on the region and has continued nearly four to six hours. [...] The flash flood impacts include damages to infrastructure including the railway, road, bridge, and at the household level damage, livestock mortality, complete destruction to gers, fences, water barricades. [...] The major flash floods occurred on 19 and 24 of July, along with additional heavy rainfall and floods reported on the 26 of July affecting Bayanzurkh, Songinokhairkhan and Chingeltei districts. According to the primary data collected from MRCS local branches, 1,186 households or approximately over 4,269 people have been severely affected by the flash floods in which 15 households had their “ger” destroyed. According to the National emergency management agency, one person has been killed and 21 injured. Around 900-1000 buildings were damaged. (IFRC, 8 Aug 2022)

Sri Lanka: Floods and Landslides - Aug 2022

Affected country: Sri Lanka
Glide: LS-2022-000283-LKA

Floods caused by heavy rainfall were reported on 1 August across the Central Province of Sri Lanka, resulting in casualties. As of 3 August, the Disaster Management Center (DMC) reports 12,289 affected persons, of which 2,374 have been displaced. In addition, 3 people have died, and three are missing in Nuwara Eliya District (southern Central Province), while one person is reportedly missing in Kandy District (central-western Central Province). Floods and heavy rainfall have damaged approximately 326 houses thus far. All government schools in the Nuwara Eliya District of the Central Province closed as of 2 August due to adverse weather conditions. Train services and road transport were also disrupted. Red warnings for heavy rainfall and strong winds have been issued from 3 to 4 August across central-western and southern Sri Lanka, including the affected districts. (ECHO, 3 Aug 2022)

The Southwest monsoon activation has been intensifying rainfall in Sri Lanka from 1 to 8 August 2022, where the Northern, Central, Western, Southern and Sabaragamuwa provinces of Sri Lanka have been affected. Most damages were reported on 6 August, particularly in Kandy, Nuwara Eliya and Rathnapura districts due to heavy rains, high winds, floods and landslides. [...] According to the Disaster Management Centre (DMC) situation report, as of 8 August 2022, over 15,000 people (4,000 families) have been affected across ten districts. Further, several landslides, rock falls, and collapse of retaining walls have been reported in the Nuwara Eliya and Kandy districts blocking the rail line and main roads at several places. A number of houses were affected due to flooding in Nuwara Eliya district. Flooding was also reported in the Rathnapura district, cutting off access roads at several places where people were stranded or had to wait until water levels recede. The DMC is coordinating the national response efforts. (IFRC, 17 Aug 2022)

Uganda: Floods - Jul 2022

Affected country: Uganda
Glide: FL-2022-000275-UGA

Heavy rainfall has been affecting the Eastern Region since 30 July, triggering landslides and causing rivers to overflow (in particular the Nabuyonga, and Namatala Rivers) and floods that have resulted in casualties and damage. At least 3,745 households have been affected in the districts of Mbale, Kapchorwa, Sironko and Bulambuli, and Bukedea, with 24 deaths recorded. Joint rapid assessments with Government authorities and partners on the ground are ongoing. The Uganda Red Cross Society is delivering immediate shelter, WASH and health assistance. Over the next 24 hours, more heavy rainfall with locally very heavy rainfall is forecast over the whole country. (ECHO, 1 Aug 2022)

Heavy rainfall in the Eastern region of Uganda has caused floods, flash floods, river overflow and landslides, resulting in casualties and damage. The overflow of Nabuyonga, Namatala, Nashibiso and Napwoli Rivers was reported, while the most affected area includes Mbale City. According to media reports, the number of fatalities has increased to 29 people (23 in Mbale City, three in Kapchorwa District and three in Sironko District, all in east Eastern Region). About 80 houses, nine education centers and 14 bridges have been damaged. 4,000 households (approx. 20,000 people) have been affected since 31 July. 5,600 people have been displaced. 400,000 people have been cut off the national water grid. Over the next 24 hours, more rainfall is forecast over parts of the Eastern Region, including over the already affected area. (ECHO, 5 Aug 2022)

The weather forecast by the Uganda National Meteorological Authority (UNMA) for the Elgon region for August 2022 has projected enhanced rains for the region with the possibility for the flooding challenges to continue. (IFRC, 15 Aug 2022)

Heavy rainfall has been affecting the Western Region since 2 September, triggering landslides and causing floods and flash floods that have resulted in casualties and damage. Media reports, as of 5 September, three fatalities, several people still missing and ten destroyed houses across the Bundibugyo District (west Western Region, bordering northern Democratic Republic of the Congo) due to flash floods and mudslides. In addition, 37 displaced people and eight destroyed houses were reported in the Kisoro District (southern Western Region) due to a number of landslides. Over the next 24 hours, more heavy rainfall is forecast over most of the Country, including most of the already affected Region. (ECHO, 5 Sep 2022)

Nigeria: Floods - Jun 2022

Affected country: Nigeria
Glide: FL-2022-000271-NGA

On 17 July, floods and flash floods were reported in Yobe state (north-eastern Nigeria), resulting in casualties. According to media, four people died and a number of people sustained injuries. Over 100 households have been displaced across 11 communities in Gulani and one community in Gujba. Several towns, including Gulani, Bara, Gagure, and Njibulwa, are inaccessible as the main bridge linking these areas was cut off. (ECHO, 19 Jul 2022)

Since 20 June 2022, abundant rains are being recorded over localized areas in southern Nigeria, with total amount of rains exceeding 100mm per day so far. Floods have also started to be recorded in some parts of the area at risk, mainly in Northern localities and urban areas since the end of June 2022. Currently, more flash floods are recorded and general alerts are for the moment in yellow alert with close monitoring of meteorological experts issuing frequent alerts since July. [...] The Nigeria Hydrological Services Agency (NIHSA)'s Annual Flood Outlook (AFO) predicted that 233 Local Government Areas (LGAs) in 32 states of the Federation and the FCT fall within the Highly Probable Flood Risks Areas, while 212 LGAs in 35 States of the Federation including FCT fall within the Moderately Probable Flood Risks Areas. (IFRC, 29 Jul 2022)

On 2 August, floods caused by heavy rainfall reportedly affected Jigawa State (northern Nigeria), resulting in casualties. According to reports from media, five people died and seven others sustained injuries in the Kirikasamma area, while two other fatalities occurred in Balangu Town. Floods have damaged houses, livestock, and food items. On 4 August, moderate rainfall is forecast over northern Nigeria (including Jigawa), while on 5 August, moderate to locally heavy rainfall is forecast for north-western and central Nigeria. (ECHO, 4 Aug 2022)

Some 43,155 people across 26 Local Government Areas (LGA) in the BAY states have been affected by flooding since the beginning of the rainy season, according to the State Emergency Management Agency (SEMA). An estimated 4,347 people have been displaced, with the elderly, women and children most affected. Most of the displaced people have occupied schools. Tounga, Fufore LGAs in Adamawa state and Gujba, Geidam, and Gulani LGA in Yobe state have been the most affected areas by the floods, according to partners’ rapid needs assessments. IDPs in the flood-prone regions already using makeshift shelters or sleeping outside remain the most susceptible to the impact of the floods. Response operations are being scaled up to meet the needs of the most vulnerable, with funding from the Nigeria Humanitarian Fund, among other funding sources. More than 60 per cent of the affected households have not received any food assistance after weeks of displacement, raising concerns about the risk of people turning to negative coping strategies. (OCHA, 11 Aug 2022)

Floods continue to affect Jigawa State (northern Nigeria), resulting in an increased humanitarian impact. According to Nigeria National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) and media reports, at least 50 people have died across Jigawa since the beginning of the rainy season. Hundreds of households have been displaced to 11 temporary camps, as floods have destroyed many houses, infrastructure, farmlands, livestock, and properties. On 23-25 August, moderate to heavy rainfall is forecast over most of Nigeria, including Jigawa State. (ECHO, 23 Aug 2022)

According to media reports, since the beginning of 2022, 300 people have been killed in separate flood-related incidents, 100,000 have been displaced and 500,000 affected across the country. (ECHO, 21 Sep 2022)