Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

17 de enero de 2021
Erasmus Mundus Master in Public Health in Disasters

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Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre. Facultad de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud. 7ª Planta
Campus del Cristo
33006 Oviedo - España
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Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

Desastres activos

Indonesia: Earthquake - Jan 2021

Affected country: Indonesia
Glide: EQ-2021-000003-IDN

A strong earthquake of 6.2 M hit the Western part of Sulawesi on the early morning of 15 of January. The epicenter of the quake was six km northeast of the city of Majene, at a depth of 10 km. The situation is still developing with possible aftershocks that could also trigger tsunami warnings. According to IFRC, the earthquake did not trigger a tsunami warning but was felt strongly for about seven seconds. According to media, at least 30 people were killed, 637 injured and 15,000 displaced. (ECHO, 15 Jan 2021)

Red Cross specialist ambulance crews and first aid teams are treating people injured in the earthquake. Over 630 have been injured, dozens killed and more than 15,000 displaced according to the Indonesian Disaster Mitigation Agency.(IFRC, 15 Jan 2021)

A 6.2 magnitude earthquake struck the West Sulawesi Province in Indonesia in the early morning local time today (15 January). The earthquake happened about 6km north-east of the city of Majene, and the epicenter of the earthquake was shallow at 10km. A smaller 5.7 magnitude earthquake struck the same area yesterday (14 January) in the afternoon local time. As of 15 January at 2 PM local time, the Indonesian Disaster Management Agency BNPB has reported 34 people killed and 637 people injured. More than 15,000 people have been temporarily displaced in 10 evacuation sites. These numbers are likely to increase as search and rescue operations and assessments continue. (OCHA, 15 Jan 2021)

Malaysia: Floods - Jan 2021

Affected country: Malaysia
Glide: FL-2021-000001-MYS

Significant heavy rains which began on 2 January 2021 have caused flooding in five states in Peninsular Malaysia – Johor, Pahang, Kelantan, Selangor and Perak on the morning of 4 January. National Disaster Management Administration (NADMA) had estimated that 6,241 families and 23,776 people are affected by the floods (as of 4 January 2021). A total of 303 evacuation centres had been opened. The Malaysian Meteorological Department (MetMalaysia) had issued a bad weather warning on 4 January 2021, cautioning about incessant heavy rain for several areas in Pahang and Johor. In its statement, rain has been forecasted for Pekan and Rompin in Pahang, as well as Mersing in Johor. Districts of Raub, Bentong, Temerloh, Maran, Kuantan and Bera in Pahang as well as Segamat and Kluang in Johor, are expected to experience similar weather until 4 January 2021. Heavy rain is also expected in some areas in Kelantan, Terengganu, Pahang (Cameron Highlands, Lipis and Jerantut) and Johor (Tangkak and Muar). The floods have affected 6 states in 22 districts and 23,776 people. (IFRC, 5 Jan 2021)

Heavy rainfall continues to affect most of Peninsular Malaysia (in particular Selangor, Perak, Kelantan, Johor, Pahang, Kedah, and Terengganu States) since 2 January, triggering floods that have resulted in casualties and damage. Media report, as of 7 January, at least 3 fatalities due to floods across the aforementioned States. (ECHO, 7 Jan 2021)

Heavy rainfall continues to cause widespread flooding in Peninsular Malaysia, leading to an increase in the number of fatalities and affected people. According to media, at least six people have died. Nearly 50,000 individuals have been evacuated, as reported by Malaysian Red Crescent Society. The worst affected state is Pahang, where about 27,000 residents have been evacuated in recent days. (ECHO, 11 Jan 2021)

Widespread floods triggered by heavy rainfall have affected most of Sabah State (Borneo's East Malaysia) on 11 January, resulting in casualties. According to the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on disaster management (AHA Centre), more than 1 700 people have displaced and relocated in eight evacuation centres. (ECHO, 13 Jan 2021)

Mongolia: Dzud - Dec 2020

Affected country: Mongolia
Glide: CW-2020-000243-MNG

The Mongolian Red Cross Society (MRCS) has activated its Early Action Protocol for Dzud on 18 December 2020 based on the dzud trigger. The EAP is activated if three or more provinces have a very high risk of 20 per cent or more of their land area being affected. The dzud risk map is developed by the National Agency for Meteorology and Environmental Monitoring (NAMEM). The dzud risk map of 10 December 2020 shows that more than 60 per cent of the country identified with dzud risk (16.5 per cent very high risk, 50.4 per cent high risk) and 18.5 per cent of the country are in medium risk. Five provinces had more than 20 per cent of very high-risk coverage in their territory, as calculated by Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre (RCCC). Out of that in most areas of Uvurkhangai Bayankhongor, Dundgovi, Umnugovi, Govi-Altai provinces are expected to experience extreme winter continued with deteriorating spring. (IFRC, 18 Dec 2020)

[NAMEM] has warned that more than 60 per cent of the country is at risk of an extreme winter, with temperatures forecast to plummet to extreme lows of -50C for days on end. These extreme winters – known as dzud – threaten the health and livelihoods of thousands of Mongolian herders living in the country’s remote central and southern provinces. Dzud is caused by the double impact of drought in the summer followed by harsh winter conditions. Without summer rain, grass does not grow and millions of farm animals cannot put on enough weight to survive the winter and farmers are unable to grow sufficient hay. (IFRC, 12 Jan 2020)

Tropical Cyclone Yasa - Dec 2020

Affected countries: Fiji, Vanuatu
Glide: TC-2020-000238-FJI

The newly formed Tropical Cyclone YASA is moving in the South Pacific Ocean, between Vanuatu and Fiji Islands...On 14-16 December, YASA is forecast to strengthen, as it moves clockwise between Vanuatu and Fiji islands. Then it is expected to move south-east, reaching Viti Levu island (Fiji) on 18 December, with maximum sustained wind between 170-200 km/h. A strong wind warning has been issued for Rotuma island (northern Fiji), and for the central and southern coastal Vanuatu. A flash flood warning is in effect for northern Vanua Levu (Fiji). (ECHO, 14 Dec 2020)

Tropical cyclone YASA is strengthening as it continues clockwise in the South Pacific Ocean, between Vanuatu and Fiji Islands....YASA is forecast to move south-east, passing between Viti Levu and Vanua Levu Islands (Fiji) on 17 December, with maximum sustained wind up to 215 km/h. After that, it will cross the Eastern Division islands on 18 December. (ECHO, 15 Dec 2020)

Tropical cyclone YASA is forecast to move south-east, approaching Vanua Levu Island on the morning of 17 December, with maximum sustained wind up to 220-230 km/h. After that, it will move southward, crossing the Eastern Division Islands on 17-18 December and passing 415 km east of Tongatapu Island (Tonga) on 19 December. According to media reports, the authorities set-up 1,037 evacuation centres across Central, Northern and Western Divisions. (ECHO, 16 Dec 2020)

TC Yasa will make landfall on 17 Dec around 8pm Fiji time on Vanua Levu island (population 135,961) and pass over many other smaller islands in the Fiji island group as a Cat 5 storm. According to analysis by the Pacific Disaster Center (PDC), approximately 73,000 people are potentially exposed to widespread wind damage. Severe impact for outlying areas on Eastern coast of Vanua Levu in particular Bua Province, is expected. There is a 4pm curfew in place for the whole country and all public transport is stopped. (OCHA, 17 Dec 2020)

TC Yasa, with Cat 5 intensity, made landfall over Vanua Levu, Fiji, in the evening of 17 December. It caused heavy destruction to infrastructure, buildings and agricultural areas. The Government of Fiji speaks of hundreds of millions of dollars. It was the strongest storm in the basin since TC Winston in 2016 and the strongest in the cyclone season 2020 – 21. (OCHA, 18 Dec 2020)

Preliminary information indicates that some areas were severely impacted while others were almost untouched, showing a very uneven pattern of destruction. 04 persons have been confirmed dead by the authorities: three persons died from collapsing walls, one person drowned. One person is still missing. As of today, there were 7,731 persons in 183 evacuation centres, the vast majority (6,313 persons) in the Northern Division (in 133 Evacuation Centres). (OCHA, 20 Dec 2020)

As of 21 December, media report at least four fatalities, one person missing, more than 23,000 evacuated people across 183 evacuation centres and entire villages severely damaged. According to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), YASA is likely to have affected most of the population of Fiji (more than 880,000 people). (ECHO, 21 Dec 2020)

The government-led Initial Damage Assessment estimates the loss of Crops, Livestock and Infrastructure at FJD 109m (approx. USD 53m). Some areas are still not accessible, particularly remote islands. First humanitarian assistance deliveries to people in need are taking place. There are still 159 Evacuation Centres open (mostly in the Northern Division) accommodating 5,346 evacuees. (OCHA, 24 Dec 2020)

As of 28 December, there were 84 Evacuation Centres (ECs) open, accommodating 3,206 evacuees. The majority of these centres were in the Northern Division (80 centres with 3,021persons), the rest (04) in the Eastern Division (with 185 persons). All ECs in the Central and Western Division are closed. Assessments and initial distribution of relief assistance are continuing throughout affected areas. (OCHA, 29 Dec 2020)

Damage assessments continue throughout areas affected by Tropical Cyclone Yasa, which made landfall over Vanua Levu on 17th December 2020 and affected an estimated 93,000 people. Most evacuation sites have been closed after people were able to return home, with 36 evacuation centers remaining open to accommodate 928 people. Humanitarian response is ongoing with the distribution of food rations, non-food items, and hygiene supplies. (OCHA, 4 Jan 2021)

As of 5 January, 35 Evacuation Centres (all in the Northern Division) remain active, accommodating 803 persons. Delivery of food rations and NFIs to open ECs is continuing. No schools are used anymore as evacuation centres. However, there are community members who cannot return to their villages, they will be supported with tents and other facilities to stay within the school premises temporarily. All schools should be ready for the start of the school year on 18 January. (OCHA, 6 Jan 2021)

Sri Lanka: Floods - Dec 2020

Affected country: Sri Lanka
Glide: FL-2020-000237-LKA

The Northeast monsoon and activation of a depression in the south-east Bay of Bengal have been intensifying rainfall in Sri Lanka from 2 to 5 December 2020 where the northern province of Sri Lanka is worst affected. Sri Lanka’s Department of Meteorology has reported a maximum rainfall up to 279.8 millimetres in the northern province particularly in Jaffna and Kilinochchi districts. During this period two deaths have been reported in Jaffna district and the Government of Sri Lanka has declared a local level emergency in the Northern Province, hence schools and other institutions in the province were closed. The continuous rains are still inundating most of the low-lying areas in the two districts and have caused damages to residential areas. As this situation is intensifying, agricultural lands and standing crops are also inundated and damaged as well as the infrastructures. As of 10th December, It is expected that this heavy rainfall is going to continue, which will have an impact and further exacerbate the capacity of vulnerable households in the affected areas. According to the Disaster Management Centre (DMC) situation report, as of 8 December 2020, 111,659 people (33,316 families) have been affected across 14 districts. According to the report, 106 houses are fully damaged, and 3,783 houses are partially damaged. A total of 15 evacuation centres are activated and 232 families are located in these centres. (IFRC, 13 Dec 2020)

Heavy rain, thunderstorms and strong winds over Sri Lanka have affected 50,190 people and 60 houses have been damaged or destroyed by weather-related events. (ECHO, 5 Jan 2021)

Indonesia: Ili Lewotolok Volcano - Nov 2020

Affected country: Indonesia
Glide: VO-2020-000236-IDN

On Sunday, 29 November 2020 at 13.00 hours, Central Indonesia Time (GMT+8), Indonesia’s Centre for Vulcanology and Geological Disaster Mitigation (Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi – PVMBG) raised the alert level from Level 2 (advisory) to Level 3 (watch/alert) after increasing activity of Ili Lewotolok Volcano (also known as Ile Lewotolo). The volcano is located in the northern part of Lembata island, East Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Timur– NTT) Province. An alert Level 3 warrants a danger zone of up to 4 kilometres from the volcano since there is the potential for further eruptions.

From Friday, 27 November 2020 to Thursday, 3 December 2020, Ili Lewotolok Volcano recorded 27 eruptions. PVMBG observed the height of the ash column between 200 – 4,000 meters above the peak of the volcano and advised people in the vicinity of Ili Lewotolok Volcano to keep a safe distance because the volcano spews volcanic bombs in all directions. Moreover, heavy ash fall was reported in areas close to the volcano. PVMBG further warned the public of the dangers of exposure to volcanic materials, such as eye injuries, suffocation, and respiratory problems.

On 1 December 2020, Lembata Distict government declared a Disaster Emergency Alert (Tanggap Darurat Bencana) within its administrative area. At the time of writing, there were no immediate reports of casualties or major damage due to the eruptions. Nevertheless, at least 7,968 people from 17 villages in Ile Ape sub-district and nine villages in Ile Ape Timur Sub-district had been evacuated. The evacuees are dispersed across 13 evacuation centres in Lembata District. (IFRC, 9 Dec 2020)

Tropical Cyclone Gati - Nov 2020

Affected countries: Somalia, Yemen
Glide: TC-2020-000232-SOM

Tropical Cyclone Gati made landfall on 22 November at around 22:00 hours local time in Puntland’s Bari region. The heavy rains and strong winds triggered flash floods along coastal and inland areas. The hardest hit were 13 villages in Iskushuban district, including Xaafuun, Dul Xaafuun, Dardaare, Garan, Baarmadowe, Hurdiya, Foocaar, Afdhicin, Haluula, Kurduush, Gumbax, Taageer and Xandha. Local authorities report that eight people have been killed and an unknown number injured. In total, an estimated 70,000 people have been affected. In Xaafuun and Hurdiya villages, about 15,000 people have been displaced to higher ground within their neighbourhoods. Massive damage to property and roads is reported. Telecommunication services have also been affected, especially in Xaafuun, Hurdiya and Baarmadowe. In addition, shipping and fishing activities along the coastal areas of Bari and the Gulf of Aden have been disrupted. An estimated 30 fishermen who were at sea before the cyclone alert was issued are yet to be accounted for. (OCHA, 23 Nov 2020)

The tropical storm GATI has weakened further and is moving westwards with a speed of 7KPH. It is expected to dissipate in the next 12 hours. The storm left behind a significant physical and economic damage especially in Bari region. More than 700 houses were destroyed, several boats and fishing gears damaged and loss of a large number of livestock. This has led to loss of livelihood for most families and may take time and huge financial input to replace the loss. There was a reduction of rainfall amounts and wind speeds in the last 24 hours in many areas along the storm path. This trend is expected to continue as the storm gets weaker and the situation will stabilize thereafter. (FAO, 24 Nov 2020)

Tropical Cyclone Gati has dissipated with dry and hot conditions expected in the affected areas in the coming days. An estimated 180,000 people in Bari region have been affected; of whom 38,000 were affected by heavy rains in Bossaso. At least nine people were killed and almost 4,000 properties belonging to nomadic communities in the affected areas destroyed. (OCHA, 30 Nov 2020)

Humanitarian partners have scaled up the delivery of assistance to people who were recently affected by Cyclone Gati in Puntland. As of 8 December, over 78,000 out of 101,000 people affected by the cyclone have received targeted humanitarian assistance from authorities and partners. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2020)

Hurricane Iota - Nov 2020

Affected countries: Belize, Colombia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua
Glide: TC-2020-000227-NIC

Millions suffering from Eta’s consequences are now on the brink of facing a second major storm in as many weeks, with Hurricane Iota bearing down on Central America’s Caribbean coasts on a path virtually identical to that of Eta and setting up a potentially catastrophic scenario upon its projected landfall as a Category 5 storm. Iota, the 2020 Atlantic hurricane season’s 30th named storm, is currently a Category 4 hurricane featuring maximum sustained winds of 245 km/h and is forecast to bring rainfall of up to 400mm in Honduras, northern Nicaragua, Guatemala and southern Belize. These conditions will bring significant, life-threatening flash flooding and river flooding, along with landslides in higher elevation areas, risks that are compounded by high soil saturations from Eta. (OCHA, 17 Nov 2020)

Hurricane Iota made landfall over northern Nicaragua early on 17 November as a Category 4 storm, reaching sufficient intensity to qualify as the strongest Atlantic hurricane in 2020, the busiest season ever recorded and the only season ever to see two major hurricanes in November. Although Iota has since degraded to remnants of a tropical depression, persistent rains over areas reeling from Eta's impact have caused added flooding and landslides, increasing official counts of people affected and people in shelters in various countries and growing government-led response efforts to account for the newly affected. (OCHA, 18 Nov 2020)

Colombia: Floods and Landslides - Nov 2020

Affected country: Colombia
Glide: FL-2020-000242-COL

Landslides and flooding triggered by heavy rainfall continue to affect Antioquia Department (north-western Colombia), resulting in at least 18 fatalities and 3 missing people. Search and rescue operations are ongoing to recover the 3 missing people, after a landslide event occurred on 14 November in Dabeida, killing 5 individuals and leaving hundreds of families affected. The Colombian Meteorological Institute (IDEAM) has issued orange alerts for landslides over most of the central and western areas of Colombia and on 27-28 November, rainfall is forecast over most of central, and southern Colombia. (ECHO, 16 Nov 2020)

Typhoon Vamco - Nov 2020

Affected countries: Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Philippines, Viet Nam
Glide: TC-2020-000225-PHL

Typhoon Vamco/Ulysses lashed the main island of Luzon in the Philippines on 11-12 November, whipping destructive winds and dumping torrential rainfall over a wide area, triggering extensive flooding in several areas, including Metro Manila, and which has led to further displacement and increased the hardship of vulnerable people. Heavy rains affected the Bicol provinces where flooding incidents were reported in 37 municipalities. Catanduanes, which was the worst-hit province by Typhoon Goni, experienced flash floods and landslides. The provincial governor lamented that response efforts are back to zero as house repairs and temporary shelters were again destroyed. (OCHA, 12 Nov 2020)

Typhoon Vamco is the Philippines' 21st tropical cyclone for 2020. Still suffering from Super Typhoon Goni, Bicol was the first to face Typhoon Vamco's winds and rain, as the typhoon triggered floods in parts of the region. The island province of Catanduanes and provinces of Albay, Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur, that bore the brunt of Typhoon Goni in late October. However, the main impact of the typhoon was to Metro Manila and its adjacent provinces. The densely populated capital region of Metro Manila, though not directly hit by the center of the typhoon, is also affected with floods, fallen trees and power cables down leading to power outages across different cities. Nearby dams are closed to spilling, which could aggravate flooding. Airline flights and mass transit in the capital were suspended while the coast guard stopped port operations. Government work was suspended, and financial markets were shut. Hundreds of residents were forced to flee their homes on Thursday as water in Marikina River surpassed the peak level during the onslaught of Typhoon Vamco. (IFRC, 14 Nov 2020)

In the Philippines, the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) reports a total of 1,730,458 people affected as of 15 November 2020. A total of 324,363 individuals are displaced in 2,980 evacuation centres. The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) confirms 67 deaths, 21 injured and 15 missing persons. More provinces have been increasingly affected. The flood in the provinces of Pampanga, Bulacan, and Nueva Ecija in Central Luzon continues to rise as its major river systems have risen above critical levels as of morning of 15 November. Thousands of families in the provinces of Cagayan and Isabela remain stranded on top of their houses waiting for rescue. Clearing operations and relief assistance continue to be difficult in Marikina City, Rizal, Laguna, Aurora and Quezon provinces, where Vamco has displaced population since 13 November. The local government units of these areas have asked for immediate life-saving and relief assistance. (ECHO, 15 Nov 2020)

In Viet Nam, VAMCO (Storm No. 13) made landfall on 15 November as a Category 1 storm over Ha Thinh, Quang Binh, Quang Tri and Thua Thien Hue Provinces with wind speeds of up to 100 kph. According to the National Hydrometeorological Forecast Center (NHFC) as of 15 November it is moving inland in a north-west direction toward the Laos border, and is forecast to reduce intensity to tropical depression. Those provinces affected by TC VAMCO are the same areas already bearing the impact of multiple storms and floods that have struck Viet Nam since the beginning of October. This latest storm will exacerbate the situation further and increase the vulnerabilities and needs of affected communities. (UNCT Viet Nam, 15 Nov 2020) According to the Authorities of Vietnam, five people have been injured (two in Quang Tri Province and three in Quang Nam Province) more than 325,000 people have been evacuated and 55 communes remained without electricity in Quang Binh Province. (ECHO, 16 Nov 2020)

Following the passage of VAMCO over central Luzon (northern Philippines) on 11 November, the number of deaths stands at 67 and more than 2,700,000 people have been affected. 569,047 individuals are displaced, 304,065 (DSWD) are in evacuation centres and 265,001 (DSWD) are staying at relatives. (ECHO, 16 Nov 2020)

As of 23 November, more than 200,000 people remain displaced, of which at least 139,000 people are being served inside 670 evacuation centers while approximately 83,000 people are being served outside evacuation centers. (Govt., of the Philippines, 23 Nov 2020)

As of 26 November, at least 4,288,000 people in 6,717 barangays in Regions I, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, V, NCR, and CAR have been affected. Of which, more than 100,000 people are being served inside 467 evacuation centers while approximately 83,000 persons are being served outside evacuation centers. (Govt., of the Philippines, 26 Nov 2020)

At least 905,000 people are in need of assistance across Cagayan Valley, Central Luzon, and Bicol Region after typhoons Goni and Vamco affected the Philippines in mid-November. According to the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), more than 367,000 houses have been damaged or destroyed and about 33,300 people remain displaced and are hosted with families or in evacuation centres, as of 25 November. In support of the government-led response, the UN and humanitarian partners released a revised response plan, seeking US$52.6 million to assist 278,000 of the most-affected people in the provinces of Albay, Catanduanes and Cagayan with food, access to clean water, sanitation-hygiene facilities, emergency shelter, livelihood, health and early recovery. (OCHA, 30 Nov 2020)

More than 55,000 children and their families were affected by typhoons Goni and Vamco in the Bicol and Cagayan Valley Regions and at least 46,800 people remain displaced in Bicol Region. Over 12,000 persons with disability are living in hard-toreach areas in Camarines Sur, Cagayan and Catanduanes Provinces. Economic setbacks brought by the successive typhoons resulted in further food insecurity and lack of livelihood opportunities, increasing protection risks and vulnerability to negative coping mechanisms. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2020)

As of 17 December, at least 5,140,000 people are affected in more than 7,000 barangays in Regions NCR, I, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, V and CAR (see Table 1). There are approximately 26,000 people currently taking temporary shelter in 185 evacuation centers in Regions NCR, II, III, CALABARZON, and V and 115 people staying with their relatives and/or friends in Regions II, CALABARZON, V and CAR. (Govt., of the Philippines, 17 Dec 2020)

At least 30,000 people remain displaced from Typhoons Goni and Vamco and are staying in 181 evacuation centres across Regions NCR, II, III, CALABARZON, and V. Four evacuation centres remain open in Albay. (OCHA, 22 Dec 2020)

As of 05 December, at least 5,201,000 people were affected in 7,311 barangays in Regions NCR, I, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, V and CAR. There are more than 23,700 people currently taking temporary shelter in 169 evacuation centers in Regions NCR, II, III, CALABARZON, and V. There are approximately 100 people temporarily staying with their relatives and/or friends in Regions II, CALABARZON, V, and CAR. (Govt., of the Philippines, 5 Jan 2021)

As of 12 January, more than 5,191,000 people were affected in 7,287 barangays in Regions NCR, I, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, V and CAR. There are at least 20,800 people currently taking temporary shelter in 145 evacuation centers in Regions NCR, II, CALABARZON, and V, and approximately 100 persons temporarily staying with their relatives and/or friends in Regions II, V and CAR. (Govt., of the Philippines, 12 Jan 2021)

Hurricane Eta - Nov 2020

Affected countries: Belize, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama
Glide: TC-2020-000220-HND

Hurricane Eta began affecting north-eastern Nicaragua and parts of northern Honduras in the early hours of 3 November, causing heavy rains and high winds as a Category 4 hurricane. Preliminary reports indicate flooding and wind damage as Eta continues its projected westward path over northern Nicaragua. The United States’ National Hurricane Center (NHC) projects that Eta will cross into central Honduras by midday on 4 November and then reach eastern Guatemala and Belize on 5 November at night, passing over northern El Salvador during this time, before turning north-east back out into the Caribbean Sea by 7 November. (OCHA, 3 Nov 2020)

Eta has downgraded to a tropical storm as it moves into eastern and central Honduras at 11 km/h with windspeeds of 65 km/h. Despite Eta’s decreased intensity and lower windspeeds, Nicaragua continues to take on moderate, but persistent, rainfall throughout much of the country, with meteorological forecasts citing more than 600mm through 8 November. Eta’s slow movement and ongoing impact, coupled with the remote locations of areas along Nicaragua’s north-eastern Caribbean shores that have taken the brunt of Eta’s effects, are limiting full and complete evaluations. Eta is expected to continue weakening as it interacts with mountainous terrain in Nicaragua and Honduras, potentially weakening to a tropical depression by 4 November at night.

Nicaragua’s National Disaster Prevention System (SINAPRED) reports that Eta, now on its way out of Nicaragua, has thus far caused two deaths due to a landslide in the mining area of Bonanza. Preliminary reports cite material damages, uprooted trees, interruptions to power supply, flooding and blocked roads and affected bridges. Official sources report that there are 30,000 people sheltered across 48 installations, including churches, schools, shelters and family homes.

After almost a month since the landfall of Eta, Nicaragua estimates over 3 million people affected, as well as significant infrastructure damages in 56 municipalities, including approximately 43,000 damaged / destroyed homes. The Government response continues to focus on restoring basic service access for water, power and telecommunications. According to Government communications. (UNICEF, 1 Dec 2020)

Eta’s rains are also causing flooding, damages and humanitarian impacts in Honduras, with the Permanent Commission for Contingencies (COPECO) reporting more than 3,480 people affected and 1 death as of 12:00am local time 4 November. Honduran Armed Forces report supporting the evacuation of more than 2,500 people, indicating that 1,340 are in shelters. Material damages include nearly 350 affected homes, as well as several road blockages that have cut off 41 communities.

With Eta crossing into Honduras, outer band rains began falling over Guatemala in the past 24 hours, triggering flooding in several areas. Per the National Coordinator for Disaster Reduction (CONRED), the rains and subsequent flooding and landslides have thus far affected 27,770 people across the departments of Alta Verapaz, Petén, Quiché and Sololá.

In El Salvador, the Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources (MARN) reports that Eta is causing high winds of up to 30 km/h in parts of the capital of San Salvador that have already led to fallen trees and debris.

The National Emergency Management Organization (NEMO) anticipates that Eta’s major threat is heavy rainfall and flooding, with some locations across the country already taking on 50mm of rain. NEMO ехресts rainfall to last until 9-11 November, posing a high flood risk across Веlіzе.

In Costa Rica, the National Emergency Commission (CNE) reports that hazardous rains related to Eta have affected 79 communities, mostly in the north-western Pacific coast. CNE, who have deployed response teams to affected areas, adds that there are 500 people in 16 shelters, a number they expect to rise as persistent rainfall continues to affect the country.

The National Civil Protection System (SINAPROC) reports that rains related to Eta have damaged some 213 homes in western and central Panama communities. Additionally, landslides in the north-western Ngäbe Buglé indigenous territory have affected about 1,000 people. (OCHA, 4 Nov 2020)

Heavy rain due to the influence of Hurricane ETA affected the southern States of Mexico (particularly Chiapas, Tabasco and Veracruz) over the past few days, causing floods, triggering landslides and leading to casualties and damage. (ECHO, 9 Nov 2020)

Three weeks after Hurricane Eta stuck Central America, authorities continue assessing the damages and gathering information on the affected communities. As of 25 November, the National Emergency Management Organization (NEMO) reported that there were 109 families, including 258 children still in shelters. A total of 354 families, including 769 children remain severely impacted from the floods and in need of urgent assistance, particularly in the Cayo District. (UNICEF, 1 Dec 2020)

Typhoon Goni - Oct 2020

Affected countries: Philippines, Viet Nam
Glide: TC-2020-000214-PHL

Typhoon GONI has made landfall in the Philippines with maximum sustained winds of 225km/h on 1 November at 04:50 local time (19:50 UTC, 31 October). According to the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical, and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) after making landfall over the municipality of Tiwi.

The Bicol Region bore the brunt of the typhoon’s violent winds and torrential rains, blowing away roofs, toppling structures and causing severe flooding and landslides...In a government press briefing today, the [Catanduanes] province’s governor reported via satellite phone that at least 10,000 houses were either destroyed or damaged while 11 towns remain inaccessible. Government and humanitarian teams are currently on the ground assessing the destruction. The Department of Agriculture reports that 16,900 hectares of land are damaged, affecting 18,000 farmers. Initial estimates place production losses at 66,600 metric tons of rice, corn and high-value crops, amounting to US$24 million in value. (OCHA, 2 Nov 2020)

According to the national authorities of the Philippines, 17 people died and 2 have been injured in Bicol and Calabarzon Regions. Approximately 1.6 million people have been affected and more than 333,800 residents were displaced to evacuation centers. Damage has been reported to 50 road sections and 5 bridges. A state of calamity was declared for Cavite Province (Calabarzon), while the aforementioned regions are still recovering from the effects of the recent typhoon, Molave. (ECHO, 3 Nov 2020)

In the Philippines, the number of fatalities caused by the passage of GONI has increased to 20 and 74 people have been injured, 3 are missing across Calabarzon, Mimaropa and Bicol Regions. There are 24,750 damaged houses and 382,708 persons are currently displaced to evacuation centers. In total, approximately 2.08 million people have been affected. (ECHO, 4 Nov 2020)

On 9 November, the Humanitarian Country Team in the Philippines has launched a Humanitarian Needs and Priorities Plan to respond to the needs of 260,000 of the most vulnerable people in provinces affected by Super Typhoon Goni (local name Rolly). The Plan calls for US$45.5 million to deliver and implement humanitarian activities to typhoon-affected people living with poverty prior to the disaster and now requiring urgent humanitarian assistance in 16 prioritized municipalities in Catanduanes and Albay provinces. (OCHA, 9 Nov 2020)

Latest information on the impact of Typhoon Rolly points to 41,200 houses destroyed while 141,100 sustained minor to significant damages. In addition, 67 health facilities and thousands of schools have structural damages. Government estimates that damages to infrastructure amount to over $260 million. The Department of Agriculture reported that the successive typhoons resulted in $156 million losses in rice, corn, high valuecrops, fisheries, livestock, and in equipment and facilities. In Catanduanes, the governor stated that the province stands to lose $3 million in monthly income from its main commodity, abaca fibers, due to damages in farms. Other industries such as capture fishing and rice and coconut farming were also severely affected, thus people lost both their main and alternative sources of livelihood. (OCHA, 12 Nov 2020)

Some 82,900 people remain displaced in the provinces affected by Typhoon Goni, of which 38,600 are in 481 evacuation centers while 44,300 are being served outside of formal shelters. At least 25 people have died and more than 390 have been injured while six people remain missing in the aftermath of the super typhoon, according to the Government. (OCHA, 17 Nov 2020)

As of 24 November, more than 2,530,000 people are affected in 5,732 barangays in Regions NCR, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, V, VIII, and CAR (see Table 1). Of which approximately 11,000 people is currently taking temporary shelter in 181 evacuation centers in Regions NCR, III and V and at least 21,000 people are staying with their relatives and/or friends in Regions V and CAR. (Govt. of the Philippines, 25 Nov 2020)

At least 905,000 people are in need of assistance across Cagayan Valley, Central Luzon, and Bicol Region after typhoons Goni and Vamco affected the Philippines in mid-November. According to the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), more than 367,000 houses have been damaged or destroyed and about 33,300 people remain displaced and are hosted with families or in evacuation centres, as of 25 November. In support of the government-led response, the UN and humanitarian partners released a revised response plan, seeking US$52.6 million to assist 278,000 of the most-affected people in the provinces of Albay, Catanduanes and Cagayan with food, access to clean water, sanitation-hygiene facilities, emergency shelter, livelihood, health and early recovery. (OCHA, 30 Nov 2020)

More than 55,000 children and their families were affected by typhoons Goni and Vamco in the Bicol and Cagayan Valley Regions and at least 46,800 people remain displaced in Bicol Region. Over 12,000 persons with disability are living in hard-toreach areas in Camarines Sur, Cagayan and Catanduanes Provinces. Economic setbacks brought by the successive typhoons resulted in further food insecurity and lack of livelihood opportunities, increasing protection risks and vulnerability to negative coping mechanisms. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2020)

As of 18 December, at least 3,355,000 people are affected in 5,996 barangays in Regions NCR, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, V, VIII, and CAR. More than 3,800 people are currently taking temporary shelter in 56 evacuation centers in Regions NCR, III and V, and approximately 4,200 persons are staying with their relatives and/or friends in Regions V and CAR. (Govt. of the Philippines, 18 Dec 2020)

At least 30,000 people remain displaced from Typhoons Goni and Vamco and are staying in 181 evacuation centres across Regions NCR, II, III, CALABARZON, and V. Four evacuation centres remain open in Albay. (OCHA, 22 Dec 2020)

Typhoon Molave - Oct 2020

Affected countries: Cambodia, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Philippines, Thailand, Viet Nam
Glide: FL-2020-000211-VNM

Tropical Cyclone MOLAVE (QUINTA in the Philippines) made landfall over southern Luzon close to Lagazpi City on 25 October as a typhoon. On 26 October, its centre was 43 km west of Mindoro with maximum sustained wind of 139 km/h. According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council, more than 9,000 people have been evacuated across the Bicol and CAR regions. One person is reported missing in Batangas Province (Calabarzon region). Floods, landslides, power outages and evacuations have affected different parts of the country. More than 100,000 people were evacuated yesterday from Albay (Bicol region). People were also evacuated from Mimaropa and Calabarzon regions. Local government actors are providing relief assistance. Typhoon MOLAVE is forecast to strengthen as it moves west-northwest and to make landfall over central Vietnam early on 28 October. Heavy rain, strong winds and storm surge are forecast over most parts the of Calabarzon, Mindoro, Bicol and Central Luzon. Extreme flood warnings have been issued across Eastern Visayas and Bicol. (ECHO, 26 Oct 2020)

Typhoon MOLAVE is moving towards central Vietnam, its centre was 450 km east Qui Nhon City (Dinh Province, central Vietnam) on 27 October at 6.00 UTC with maximum sustained winds of 204 km/h. In the Philippines, National authorities report 1 fatality and 1 missing person in Negros Oriental Province (Central Visayas) following the passage of MOLAVE over the central Philippines. Over 30,100 evacuees are sheltering in 405 centres. At least 109,000 people have been affected in the Central Luzon, Calabarzon and Mimaropa regions. Typhoon MOLAVE is forecast to make landfall over southern Quang Ngai Province (central Vietnam) on 27 October, close to Tropical Storms SAUDEL and LINFA's trajectories and authorities are evacuating up to 1,300,000 people. (ECHO, 27 Oct 2020)

After Typhoon MOLAVE's passage over the central Philippines, nine people have died, six are injured and two are still missing. More than 56,300 people were evacuated and 209,457 affected. (ECHO, 28 Oct 2020)

Typhoon MOLAVE made landfall in the morning of 28 October as Category 1. The Viet Nam Disaster Management Authority (VNDMA) reports 374,600 people evacuated, and forecasts 150-400 mm rainfall between 28-29 October in Hue-Phu Yen and North Central Highlands, 500-700 mm between 28-31 October in South Nghe Anh and Ha Thin, and 200-400mm in Quang Binh and Quang Tri. The army has mobilized troops and vehicles for search and rescue missions. (UNCT Viet Nam, 28 Oct 2020)

Storm Molave, which today battered Viet Nam’s central coastal region, is one of the strongest storms to hit the country in 20 years, according to the country’s meteorological agency. Molave struck areas and populations already suffering from cascading flood events and adding new areas to the list of communities facing emergencies. The storm is causing extreme rainfall in the region which is predicted to continue over the coming days, worsening the already precarious situation faced by many families. A rapid assessment of existing flooded regions, conducted at the end of last week, identified 1.5 million children at risk and this latest storm escalates the numbers at risk to well over 2.5 million children. (UNICEF, 29 Oct 2020)

MOLAVE made landfall on the morning of 28 October between Quang Ngai and Quang Nam provinces (central Vietnam) as a typhoon before dissipating on 29 October. According to media reports, landslides triggered by heavy rain in Quang Nam Province resulted in 15 fatalities, with 40 missing. More than 374,000 people have been evacuated. Millions were left without electricity and 56,000 houses damaged. 26 fishermen are missing after the boats sank. In Cambodia, 121 cities and districts in 20 out of 25 provinces have been affected. At least 44 are dead and 175,872 families affected. In the Philippines, the death toll has risen to 16, with 4 missing. 77,000 people have been evacuated and more than 242,000 affected in Central Luzon, Calabarzon, Mimaropa, Bicol, Western Visayas, Central Visayas. Heavy rain will persist over central Vietnam, southern Laos, northern Cambodia and eastern Thailand, with flash flood and landslide warnings for central Vietnam. (ECHO, 29 Oct 2020)

As of 7 December, at least 1,012,000 people in the Philippines are affected by Typhoon Molave in 3,078 barangays in Regions III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, V, VI, VII and VIII. Of which approximately 1,400 people is currently taking temporary shelter in 19 evacuation centers in Regions III and VI and more than 4,700 people is currently staying with their relatives and/or friends in Regions III and V. (Govt. of the Philippines, 7 Dec 2020)

Somalia: Flash Floods - Oct 2020

Affected country: Somalia
Glide: FF-2020-000221-SOM

The early rains received in northern parts of Somalia since the first week of September continued to spread across the region over the last one week, marking an early start of the Deyr 2020 rainy season. Normally, the Sept/Oct—Dec rainy season is expected to start in late September in the northern parts and mid October in the southern areas of the country. The Ethiopian highlands, which contribute to the Juba and Shabelle river flow, continued to receive moderate rains over the last one week. (FAO, 24 Sep 2020)

The 2020 Deyr rainy season has started with moderate to significantly heavy rains reported in Puntland and central regions of Hiraan, Bakool, Galgaduud, Mudug, Nugaal and southern areas of Sool region. The communities living in the riverine areas along Juba and Shabelle rivers are at high risk of flooding. As heavy rains are expected to continue in November and December, scaling up of livelihoods, improving and supporting health services and WASH facilities is vital in order to prevent further deterioration in food security and escalation of the public health crisis. (OCHA, 14 Oct 2020)

Flash floods triggered by Deyr seasonal rains (October-December) have affected nearly 20,000 people especially in Banadir region especially the capital of Mogadishu, Galmudug, South West and Jubaland states in the last two weeks. The floods have inundated swathes of farmland, damaged property and disrupted livelihoods at a time that Somalia is grappling with the COVID-19 pandemic and desert locusts in the northern region. (OCHA, 4 Nov 2020)

Hagaa season (June-September) riverine and flash floods have affected over 555,000 people in Hirshabelle, South West, Jubaland states as well as Sanaag and Banadir regions; of whom about 363,000 have been displaced from their homes. Over 85 per cent of the displacement occurred in the two most affected regions in the Shabelle river basin - Lower Shabelle (South West State) and Middle Shabelle (Hirshabelle State). The floods have inundated thousands of hectares of farmland and damaged property, irrigation infrastructure, water points and roads. Livelihoods have been disrupted and cases of acute watery diarrheoa have increased. The floods hit Somalia at the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic. Restrictions to mitigate the impact of the pandemic have exacerbated humanitarian needs.Despite operational challenges, humanitarian partners scaled up first line response to flood affected populations, namely food assistance, health services, WASH services and emergency shelter and non-food items. (OCHA, 22 Nov 2020)

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Dengue Outbreak - Oct 2020

Affected country: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Glide: EP-2020-000217-VCT

In its latest official bulletin dated 20 October, the Ministry of Health, Wellness and the Environment has confirmed an increase in reported cases of dengue infection in the country with 1,155 laboratory confirmed cases of dengue fever recorded and six fatalities. The Hospital Services Programme and the Community Health Services Programme of the Ministry of Health, Wellness and the Environment continue to report increased patients presenting with symptoms consistent with Dengue fever. The last experience in the Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (SVG) islands was in 2012 when 200 cases were reported. This increase in the number of cases is a clear indicator of a larger imminent outbreak on the island. As such, it is necessary to reduce the number of cases shortly. The direct and indirect costs of dengue illness and vector control programs represent a substantial economic burden on both the health sector and the overall economy of SVG. (IFRC, 2 Nov 2020)

Syria: Wild Fires - Oct 2020

Affected country: Syrian Arab Republic
Glide: FR-2020-000208-SYR

[L]arge scale fires across the coastal regions in Syria have caused at least three deaths and dozens of injuries, with areas in Al Fakhoura, Al Qirdaha, Jableh and Lattakia districts in Lattakia Governorate and Safita district in Tartous Governorate particularly affected. While assessments are ongoing, local authorities report that up to 28,000 households have been directly impacted, including through casualties or medical conditions, with as many as 80 hospitalized due to smoke inhalation. In addition, significant loss of homes, personal possessions and/or livelihoods assets have been reported in some areas. As many as 25,000 people were reported to have displaced. Further, a significant number of households have been impacted due to disruptions in key public services, such as health, water and power supply. To date, an estimated 5,000 hectares of agricultural land, including orchards, olive trees, and greenhouses, and 4,000 hectares of forested land have been destroyed. (OCHA, 11 Oct 2020)

Between 8 and 12 October 2020, the eastern basin of the Mediterranean Sea has witnessed massdestructive wildfires which is becoming a recurring annual event due to climate change...One of the hardest hit countries is war-torn Syria, where wildfires has killed 3 people and left around 80 injured with breathing complications and skin burns. Most of the rugged mountainous areas were obliterated in western countryside of Homs province, the eastern countryside of Tartus, and the northern countryside of Latakia. These fires caused material and environmental damage, burning homes of residents, agricultural crops, large parts of vegetation, forests, and nature reserves. Through the initial assessment of the Syrian Arab Red Crescent (SARC) conducted from October 8 to date by local branches in Latakia, Tartus and Homs, the fires had significant damage reported in 179 villages and forestry points, affecting more than 40,000 families through injuries, temporary displacement, loss of houses and assets, and majorly loss of livelihoods (lands, corps, and livestock). (IFRC, 23 Oct 2020)

Seasonal wildfires...have been among the factors limiting food production. More than 35,000 hectares of agricultural land are estimated to have burned this year. That will have a long-term impact on food production and on the livelihoods of at least 40,000 families. (OCHA, 27 Oct 2020)

Lao PDR: Floods and Landslides - Oct 2020

Affected country: Lao People's Democratic Republic (the)
Glide: FL-2020-000213-LAO

Heavy rain has been affecting southern Laos, and central-eastern Thailand since 6-7 October, due to the passage of tropical storm LINFA on 9-12 October, triggering floods that have resulted in casualties and damage. In Laos, around 900 families were reported affected throughout the southern Province of Savannakhet. (ECHO, 12 Oct 2020)

As of 22 October, in Savannakhet province, 125 villages with nearly 30,000 people, have been affected. In the province’s Sepon district alone, 40 villages with nearly 1,000 households have been flooded. (ECHO, 22 Oct 2020)

As of 20 October 2020, nine districts in three provinces were affected by the floods. The affected provinces are Salawan, Savannakhet and Sekong. As of 20 October 2020, another tropical storm, tropical storm Saudel, is traversing through Philippines and the East Sea following similar path as the previous three weather systems. This tropical storm may cause more rainfall in Lao PDR as well and will possibly exacerbate the floods in the area. 163 villages in the three provinces, with an estimated 10,637 households (69,764 people) were affected. Savannakhet is the worst affected province. There are 135 villages with more than 10,000 households affected in the province. In Sekong province, almost 2,000 people are affected. Salawan province reported less than 300 people affected but had a total of 2 deaths reported in Salawan province. (IFRC, 22 Oct 2020.)

DR Congo: Floods - Oct 2020

Affected country: Democratic Republic of the Congo
Glide: FL-2020-000206-COD

Floods have affected North Kivu Province (eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo) following heavy rain on 2 October. According to media reports, at least 15 people died in Sake Town (Masisi territory) after the overflow of the Mutahyo River. Dozens of people have been displaced, several houses flooded and schools and health centres damaged. More rain is expected across the affected province over the next 24 hours. (ECHO, 5 Oct 2020)

The heavy rains that fell on Thursday, 1 October 2020 at 2 p.m. in the city of Sake and its surroundings in the territory of Masisi, North Kivu province, have caused material damage and loss of life among the population. The city of Sake is located about 25 km from the city of Goma with a population of 108,249 inhabitants. This rain caused erosion, leading to enormous damage with the bridge over the river Kihira, linking the Sake-Masisi road and Sake-Minova washed away. This has caused a breakdown in communication on the one hand, between Goma-Masisi and on the other hand, between Goma and South Kivu. Houses were washed away, schools were flooded, fields and grazing land for cows, sheep and goats were washed away. The affected population (about 3,825 people) is now living with host families. (IFRC, 14 Oct 2020)

Heavy rainfall continues to affect most of the country (particularly the eastern Provinces) over the last few days, causing floods, triggering landslides and resulting in fatalities and damage. According to media reports, 3 people have died in the Kalehe Territory (South Kivu Province, eastern Democratic Republic of Congo). Several houses have been damaged and roads blocked. In addition, the death toll in Sake Town area (North Kivu Province) has risen to 6, following flood events on 15 November. For the next 24 hours, heavy rain is expected across the eastern Provinces (including North Kivu and South Kivu) and moderate rain is expected across the rest of the country. (ECHO, 20 Nov 2020)

Flooding and landslide triggered by heavy rainfall were reported across Mbanza-Ngungu City (Kongo Central Province, western Democratic Republic of Congo) on 2-3 December, resulting in at least 18 fatalities, as reported by media. The worst affected areas are Noki and Disengomoka districts. In addition, media report 4 injured people, and several damaged or destroyed houses across the affected area. Moderate to locally heavy rain is forecast over southern Democratic Republic of Congo, including Mbanza-Ngungu on 7-9 December. (ECHO, 7 Dec 2020)

Cambodia: Floods - Oct 2020

Affected country: Cambodia
Glide: FL-2020-000212-KHM

Since October 1, Cambodia has experienced heavy rainfall across much of the country. As of October 12, seven provinces have been affected by flash floods, including Pursat, Battambang, Banteay Meanchey, Pailin, Svay Rieng and Stung Treng. The worst affected are Pursat (8,315 households affected, 1,693 evacuated), Battambang (13,180 households affected, 1,570 evacuated) and Banteay Meanchey (2,661 households affected, 262 evacuated). (Cambodia Humanitarian Response Forum & DCA & WFP, 12 Oct 2020)

Heavy rain has been affecting north-eastern, central, and western Cambodia since 6-7 October, also due to the passage of tropical storm LINFA on 9-12 October, triggering floods that have resulted in casualties and damage. In Cambodia, 11 fatalities, over 700 displaced people, and more than 14,000 affected people were reported across Pursat, Battambang, Pailin, Kampong Speu, Kampong Chhnang, and Banteay Meanchey Provinces. (ECHO, 12 Oct 2020)

Severe weather caused by the passage of Tropical Storms LINFA and NANGKA has been affecting Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand, resulting in at least 48 fatalities, 15 people missing and more than 830,400 affected citizens, as reported by the AHA Centre. In Cambodia, 11 fatalities occurred and about 67,995 households in 19 provinces have been affected by flash floods. The worst affected provinces are Battambang (38,890 households), Pursat (18,365 households), and Banteay Meanchey (7,034 households). (ECHO, 15 Oct 2020)

Tropical storm triggered rains causing floods in 19 of 25 provinces in the country. Flash floods have so far left 18 people dead and forced the evacuation of 25,192 people according to the National Committee for Disaster Management . A total of 53,169 families or 212,676 people have been affected. 51,133 houses, 439 schools, 137,160 hectares of rice fields, 67,490 hectares of subsidiary crops, and many roads, bridges, canals have been flooded and damaged. ECHO, 17 Oct 2020)

As of 19 October, more than 131,000 houses have been damaged or destroyed and over 12,200 households were displaced. The provinces of Battambang, Banteay Meanchey and Pursat are the worst affected areas. According to Provincial Committees for Disaster Management, a total of 133,400 households have been affected by the floods, and some 319,000 hectares of agricultural land has been inundated. Joint assessments between the Humanitarian Response Forum and the National Committee for Disaster Management are continuing. The Cambodian Red Cross and humanitarian partners are providing food, water, emergency shelter, non-food items and emergency cash to affected households. (OCHA, 20 Oct 2020)

As of 21 October, about 156,137 households in 14 provinces, including Phnom Penh, are reported to be affected by flash floods. In these areas, houses, infrastructure (roads, schools, health centres) and agricultural land have been inundated. The worst affected are Battambang (66,088 households affected, 4,592 displaced), Banteay Meanchey (29,225 households affected, 4,567 displaced), and Pursat (28,349 households affected, 1,934 displaced). More rainfall is forecasted this week. (Cambodia Humanitarian Response Forum & DCA & WFP, 21 Oct 2020)

As of 26 October, at least 175,872 households in 14 provinces, including Phnom Penh, are reported to be affected by flash floods. In these areas, houses, infrastructure (roads, schools, health centres) and agricultural land have been inundated. The worst affected provinces are Battambang, Banteay Meanchey, and Pursat. Flood waters have receded in some areas. More rainfall is forecasted from approaching tropical storms Saudel and Molave, which will cross Vietnam this week. (Cambodia Humanitarian Response Forum & DCA & WFP, 26 Oct 2020)

After the passage of Typhoon MOLAVE on October 29, 121 cities and districts in 20 out of 25 provinces have been affected. At least 44 are dead and 175,872 families affected. (ECHO, 29 Oct 2020)

As of 2 November, flash floods have claimed the lives of at least 43 people, according to the National Committee for Disaster Management (NCDM). More than 792,000 people are affected by flooding and in need of humanitarian assistance, of which over 388,000 people are recognized as poor and vulnerable households. (OCHA, 3 Nov 2020)

After passing through Visayas, Southern Luzon and Mindoro Regions (central Philippines) on 6-8 November, Tropical Storm ETAU was moving westwards over South China Sea, and on 9 November, its center was located approximately 440 km east of Tuy Hoa (Phu Yien, central-south Vietnam), with maximum sustained wind of 65 km/h. Tropical Storm ETAU is expected to reach central-eastern Cambodia on the morning of 10 November. Heavy rainfall is forecast over northern, and western Cambodia on 10-11 November. (ECHO, 9 Nov 2020) The Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology announced that the country particularly, the plain, plateau and coastal regions will suffer from the impacts of 2 tropical storms (Etau and Vamco) at least until 17 November. (ECHO, 10 Nov 2020)

Ecuador: Sangay Volcano - Sep 2020

Affected country: Ecuador
Glide: VO-2020-000205-ECU

In the early hours of 20 September 2020, the Sangay volcano, located in the central Ecuadorian province of Morona Santiago, registered a significant increase in its level of eruptive activity (NationalGeophysical Institute; Special Report no. 4- 2020)...As the hours passed, the ash cloud began to descend over the provinces of Chimborazo, Bolivar, Guayas, Los Rios and part of Santa Elena. The highest impact was registered on 21 September in the cantons of Alausí, Chunchi, Guamote, Cumandá and Pallatanga in Chimborazo province with the primary impacts on agriculture and livestock, and in Chillanes canton in Bolivar where the community water sources were contaminated (Annex I: map of affected area). The affected population in Chillanes canton is estimated at 18,685 people according to data from the 2010 population census and Chillanes plan of development and territorial organization. In the Guayas province, the Guayaquil cantonal authorities ceased activities at the international airport José Joaquín de Olmedo for approximately two hours to clean the runway. Meanwhile, local authorities in the province of Chimborazo installed the emergency operations centre (EOC) with the support of the National Service for Risk and Emergency Management (SNGRE) and the Ministry of the Environment and Water, to take protection and response measures in the affected areas. At the national level, the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock assessed the impact and damages caused by this event...The Ecuadorian Red Cross (ERC) activated its Early Action Plan (EAP) for Forecast-based Triggered Action for volcanic ashfall (MDREC015) on 21 September 2020. The Ecuadorian Red Cross has responded with early actions for 1,000 families in the province of Chimborazo. However, the effects of the volcanic ash have affected other areas such as Bolivar province, which requires humanitarian assistance and has not been reached with the activation of the EAP. In the canton of Chillanes in Bolívar province, the ashfall affected sources of water, agriculture, and livestock. According to data from the Ministry of Agriculture, at least 12,000 hectares of pasture that feeds 10,000 cattle were affected in Chillanes, with a layer of between 2 and 3 millimetres covering the forage. The damage to 1,000 hectares of tree tomato and blackberry crops influences more than 6,000 producers. Although the maize crop is now in the harvest season, no major losses were reported of the 7,000 hectares planted. (IFRC, 5 Oct 2020)

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