Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

Grupo de Investigación en Epidemiología Medioambiental y Salud Pública

16 de abril de 2024



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Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre. Facultad de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud. 7ª Planta
Campus del Cristo
33006 Oviedo - España
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Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

Desastres activos

Kenya: Floods - Apr 2024

Affected country: Kenya
Glide: FL-2024-000045-KEN

The last week of March marked the start of the long rains season (March to May) characterised by isolated heavy storms that caused heavy rainfall and flash floods in several parts of the country. At least 13 people have died, nearly 3,000 households displaced, over 339 livestock killed, and unknown acres of croplands lost due to flooding in the country, according to initial reports. Areas of particular concern include Marsabit, Turkana, Tana River, Garissa, Kirinyaga, Muranga, Kiambu, Meru, Kisumu, Nairobi and Kitui counties. Humanitarian partners are moving emergency shelter and non-food items to regions at risk of flooding while working with authorities to assess the needs alongside scaling up response to affected communities. Authorities have issued advisories on the continuation of heavy rainfall in most parts of the country from 9 – 15 April. (OCHA, 11 Apr 2024)

Kazakhstan: Floods - Mar 2024

Affected country: Kazakhstan
Glide: FL-2024-000039-KAZ

More than 13,000 people have been evacuated and more than 1,500 private houses have been flooded. There are 6,461 people in temporary accommodation centres, including 2,570 children. 53 settlements remain without transport communication. The floods are not yet past their peak and are expected to intensify and occur in several more regions. […] (IFRC, 1 Apr 2024)

Severe flooding, mainly due to rapid snow melting caused by warm temperature, continues to affect south-western Russia and the neighbouring north-western Kazakhstan since early April, resulting in casualties and widespread damage. The flooding also worsened after a dam broke on 5 April in the area of Orsk City (south-eastern Orenburg region) and by river embankement failures, particularly of the Volga, Ural, Tobol and Ishim rivers. [...] In Kazakhstan, national authorities and IFRC report two fatalities, approximately 86,000 affected people and around 3,400 flooded houses across several regions. The most affected area is the Atyrau region. (ECHO, 10 Apr 2024)

State authorities declared local state of emergency in 30 locations of 10 regions. More than 86,000 people have been evacuated and more than 3,700 private houses remain flooded. Over 8,400 people, including 4,000 children, have been placed in temporary accommodation centres, such as schools and social adaptation centres. Fifty-nine settlements remain without transport and communication. The floods have killed 5,711 heads of livestock, 1,013 of which have already been buried. More than 60,000 heads have been relocated so far. 17,000 people, 1,895 vehicles, 772 water-pumping means, and 68 swimming means, eight aircrafts of the Ministry of Emergency Situations (MoES), Ministry of Internal Affairs (MoIA), Ministry of Defence (MoD), local executive bodies, and organisations are involved in rescue operations. The state has also mobilised the army, police, and the national guard to support in evacuations, water pumping, and establishing water protection constructions. (IFRC, 11 Apr 2024)

In Kazakhstan, the Ministry of Emergency Situations reports, as of 12 April, nearly 100,000 evacuated people (of which over 6,500 in a number of evacuation centres). In addition, nine collapsed bridges were reported. (ECHO, 12 Apr 2024)

Tropical Cyclone Gamane - Mar 2024

Affected country: Madagascar
Glide: TC-2024-000042-MDG

Tropical Cyclone (TC) Gamane made a landfall in Ampisikinana Commune, Sava Region and has brought heavy rains and floods, leaving 6 people dead, one missing, more than 2,560 displaced and more than 600 homes flooded or damaged in Sava, Analanjirofo and Diana regions, in the north and north-east, on 27 March, according to the National Office for Risk and Disaster Management (BNGRC) and Météo Madagascar. (OCHA, 28 Mar 2024)

Very heavy rainfall, associated to the passage of the tropical cyclone GAMANE, affected north-eastern and central-eastern Madagascar on 26-29 March, causing several severe weather related incidents that have resulted in casualties and widespread damage. The most affected regions are Analanjirofo (the most affected), Atsinanana, Diana and Sava. The National Office for Risk and Disaster Management (BNGRC) reports, as of 1 April, 18 fatalities, four people still missing, 3 injured people, more than 24,000 displaced people (of which a number of these in 87 shelters) and a total of nearly 88,200 affected people across the four aforementioned affected Regions. In addition, BNGRC also reports over 19,500 damaged houses and 135 damaged schools. (ECHO, 3 Apr 2024)

Cuba: Floods - Mar 2024

Affected country: Cuba
Glide: FL-2024-000043-CUB

On 23 March Cuba experienced intense rains and local thunderstorms that have swept through the entire western and central regions of the country before advancing towards the Eastern Region later that afternoon. The provinces most severely impacted thus far are Artemisa, Mayabeque, Matanzas, and Havana. Havana, in particular, has witnessed significant incidents of severe flooding, caused by the overflowing of the Luyano River. The torrential downpours have inflicted damage across various sectors, including infrastructure, with partial and total roof collapses, disruptions to the power grid affecting over 270,000 individuals, agricultural losses, and livelihood setbacks. As of 25 March, the UN Country Team in Cuba has reported the evacuation of nearly 1,000 individuals in the capital, primarily due to multiple landslides. (IFRC, 6 Apr 2024)

Afghanistan: Cold Wave - Mar 2024

Affected country: Afghanistan
Glide: CW-2024-000025-AFG

On 3 March 2024, the Afghan Red Crescent Society (ARCS) under the auspices of the Vice President convened an Emergency Task Force Meeting in response to the heavy snowfall and extreme cold temperatures that affected several high-altitude provinces of Afghanistan during the first week of March. The event resulted in casualties, heavy losses of livestock, blocked roads, and disruption to economic activities among other challenges. According to public authorities, news agencies, and the ARCS, at least 35 human lives have been lost, dozens of people injured, and thousands of livestock perished, depriving affected households of their livelihoods due to the heavy snowfall and cold temperatures. The provinces most affected include Badakhshan, Badghis, Balkh, Farah, Faryab, Ghor, Herat, Jawzjan, Kunduz, Nuristan, Sar-e-Pul, Uruzgan, and Zabul. The March 2024 event is almost reminiscent of the cold wave of January 2023 in terms of scale, but the impacts are considered more severe. According to ECHO, temperatures plummeted to as low as -33 degrees in provinces like Ghor, and over 70,000 cattle perished across several provinces and also causing 70 deaths.Prior to the cold wave in early March, on 19 February 2024, a landslide triggered by heavy snowfall claimed 25 lives, destroyed at least 20 homes, and displaced 350 households in the province of Nuristan. (IFRC, 21 Mar 2024)

Afghanistan: Floods - Mar 2024

Affected country: Afghanistan
Glide: FL-2024-000038-AFG

Heavy rainfall across Afghanistan on 29 and 30 March has destroyed more than 1,500 acres of agricultural land and resulted in severe damage to over 540 homes, as well as other critical infrastructure across seven provinces, including six bridges and 450 km of road.

Based on initial reports and assessments, the provinces where most damage has been reported are Faryab province in the Northern region, Nangarhar province in the Eastern region, and Daikundi province in the Central Highlands region.

This is the third time that the Northern region has experienced flooding in less than a month, with seven people killed and 384 families affected in heavy rains that occurred on 21 and 26-27 March. As of 30 March, there have been no reports of displacement due to the floods. (OCHA, 30 Mar 2024)

[...] The health facility in the Kamgal area suffered damage due to a landslide, impacting local access to essential health services. In Kunar, the primary route between Wama and Parun was temporarily obstructed on March 30 by rockslides, disrupting transportation and relief access. Similarly, in Nuristan, the Neshagram village road to Waygal district has been blocked due to landslides, severing the connection of approximately 1,000 to 2,000 families with essential services and the district center. (IMC, 3 Apr 2024)

Iraq: Floods - Mar 2024

Affected country: Iraq
Glide: FL-2024-000035-IRQ

Flash floods caused by heavy rainfall swept through Iraq’s Dohuk governorate on Tuesday 19 March. As per the Civil Defense Directorate spokesperson, heavy rains caused water inundation across the city, leading to transportation disruptions, and raising concerns about potential floodings, as forecasted by the regional meteorology department. In addition, the mudslides rush down to the roads and Duhok city suffers severe floods. This is caused by the receiving of 80 mm rainwater on Thursday in many districts across the KRI, and more rains are forecasted in the country. Current torrential rains and flooding also caused damage to pavements and road infrastructure. According to the authorities, 16 villages are affected by the floods and have been cut off from the main city due to the blockage of roads. Government authorities are responding and evacuating residents in areas prone to landslides and flash floodings. Heavy floods have also been reported in Erbil city.

The provinces of Diyala, Wassit and Maysan, due to their proximity to neighbouring Iran, also witnessed flooding in the past. The current rain spell resulted in small scale losses due to the flow of floods in the outskirts of Diyala governorate, Baldrouz and Al-Muqdadiyah provinces, where two families are affected. In Maysan, the torrential rains continue and floods flow in the outskirts of the province in rural areas. [...] Based on the initial assessment as reported by the Iraqi Red Crescent Society, an estimated number of 921 households were affected in Dohuk and Erbil governorates. (IFRC, 03 Apr 2024)

Tropical Storm Filipo: Mar 2024

Affected country: Mozambique
Glide: TC-2024-000032-MOZ

The National Institute for Disaster Management (INGD) report that 48,116 people (8,533 households) were affected in the provinces of Gaza, Inhambane, Maputo and Sofala. Two deaths and 25 people injured have been reported. According to the information available, the most affected area is Maputo city with 25,455 people affected (2 percent of total population). Damage to infrastructure includes 8,000 houses partially/completely damaged, 146 schools (22,442 students) affected along with 51 health centres, 56 electric poles, and 19 roads affected. The highest humanitarian needs are in education, shelter/NFIs, water purification and hygiene kits. Infrastructure reconstruction/rehabilitation needs have also been identified. (OCHA, 15 Mar 2024)

Argentina: Floods - Mar 2024

Affected country: Argentina
Glide: FL-2024-000027-ARG

In the early hours of 3 March the Capital Department of the Province of Corrientes experienced a deluge of intense and prolonged rainfall, totaling over 300 mm within a span of less than 12 hours. This event set a historical record for the city and resulted in significant impacts in the City of Corrientes, including flooded streets and numerous homes submerged. The flooding affected a vast majority of the community, both in urban and suburban areas. Many households experienced water ingress ranging from 20 cm to 2 meters, even in the urban core. Although approximately 90% of the affected areas have been drained, initial recovery efforts are focused on cleaning, disinfection, and recovering lost belongings, a process expected to take several days in some instances. Particularly vulnerable areas such as the neighborhoods of Ciudades Correntinas, Quintana, Río Paraná, Anahí, La Olla, Ponce, Jardín, San Ignacio, Santa Rita Sur, Esperanza, and Molina Punta continue to face challenges due to geographical location, pre-existing drainage issues, and high levels of vulnerability. In the initial hours of the event, the local emergency response system encountered difficulties reaching affected areas due to the severity of the storm. However, rescue efforts intensified throughout the day, mobilizing more than 2,500 individuals, including municipal personnel, Civil Defense teams, federal forces, civil society organizations, and with support from the Argentine Red Cross. It is estimated that approximately 5,000 people have evacuated voluntarily, with 996 individuals relocated to temporary shelters. Although the number of evacuees has gradually decreased, some individuals still remain in official temporary shelters as of March 7. Meanwhile, many families have begun returning to their homes or seeking accommodation with relatives and neighbors. (IFRC, 18 Mar 2024)

Algeria: Floods - Feb 2024

Affected country: Algeria
Glide: FL-2024-000024-DZA

On February 29th, 2024, the Wilaya of Jijel experienced significant flooding incidents due to the heavy rainfall, in two specific areas: the AADL residencies and Al Ansar Daira. These incidents exacerbated existing challenges caused by the said heavy rainfall, as well as the fact that the areas are situated next to a valley that increased the damage with the high level of waters, and weak infrastructure in the most affected area. Roads in the affected areas were blocked by floodwaters, as well as commercial buildings and offices impeding transportation and causing disruptions to daily life. Additionally, the infrastructure sustained notable damage as a result of the flooding. Efforts to address the situation and provide assistance to affected residents were underway by the ARC, with authorities working to clear the blocked roads and damaged infrastructure. (IFRC, 15 Mar 2024)

Peru: Dengue Outbreak - Feb 2024

Affected country: Peru
Glide: EP-2024-000023-PER

The accumulation of water from the rains and the high temperatures creates a breeding ground for diseases like dengue fever. In fact, the rise of dengue among the population led the Ministry of Health to declare a Health Emergency on 28 February in 20 regions (Supreme Decree Nº004-2024-SA). As of February 24th, the number of cases reached 34,042, more than two times the number of cases in 2023 (+131.7%). The regions with the most cases are La Libertad (6,148), Piura (5,275), Ica (4,645), Ancash (3,766) and Lima (2,899). Children and adolescents infected with dengue are more than 10,000, representing 29.6% of the infected population and 13.6% of the deaths by dengue (6 out of 44). (UNICEF, 8 Mar 2024)

Dengue and other waterborne and vector-borne diseases have a particularly severe impact on pregnant women. During the 2023 floods in Piura department, dengue caused or was associated with 20% of recorded maternal deaths (UNFPA 27/12/2023). (ACAPS, 19 Mar 2024)

Malawi: Floods - Feb 2024

Affected country: Malawi
Glide: FL-2024-000031-MWI

Between 27th February and 1st March 2024, Nkhotakota and Karonga districts experienced prolonged heavy rains that caused flooding of several rivers; 28,285 people (2280 households) need WASH services; 11,169 people (2115 Households) are in IDP camps while 17,116 are their homes in Nkhotakota district. Five boreholes and 979 taps were affected in Nkhotakota while 15 water sources (13 shallow wells and 2 boreholes) were affected in Karonga district. Immediate maintenance and rehabilitation of piped water supply system remain critical especially at Dwangwa town as well Nkhotakota Boma. Sanitation and Hygiene promotion remain critical in all camps to prevent disease outbreak. WASH Partners continue to provide humanitarian support to the affected population in all the affected districts. (UNICEF, WASH Cluster 15 Mar 2024)

Flash floods hit Malawi’s Nkhotakota district after incessant rains in the region, leaving affected areas inaccessible by road due to widespread damage to infrastructure. The floods left six people dead and has displaced thousands of others in Malawi’s central region last week. Torrential rains also affected Karonga district in northern region. This development comes a year after Cyclone Freddy ripped through Malawi and neighbouring Mozambique and Madagascar, killing more than 500 people, mostly Malawians. More than 14 000 people have been affected in the latest bout of floods. (WHO, 20 Mar 2024)

Pakistan: Floods - Feb 2024

Affected country: Pakistan
Glide: FL-2024-000020-PAK

On 27 February, torrential downpours were recorded in Gwadar, submerging several areas, including Gwadar city and Sarabandan. Gwadar district has declared a state of emergency while rescue operations are underway. The Meteorological Department recorded rain across various locations in Balochistan, with Gwadar receiving the highest amount at 58 mm. So far, no casualty has been reported. Continued rain was seen in northern Balochistan and coastal areas until 28 February, which was followed by strong winds and rains, triggering province-wide heavy rains until 2 March. (ECHO, 29 Feb 2024)

Persistent heavy rains since 27 February in northern Balochistan continue to cause damage and casualties. The National Disaster Management Authority reported, 250 houses damaged, three children died, and 21 individuals injured. The emergency continues at the southwestern coast of Balochistan including Gawadar, Jewani, and Ormara. Government authorities, army, and paramilitary are engaged in rescue, relief and dewatering of urban flood water from houses. The Balochistan government closed schools until 7 March. Assessments are underway to determine the extent of the damage. [...] Sindh also declares emergency in Karachi division and is observing the situation. (ECHO, 1 Mar 2024)

Heavy rainfall and strong winds have been affecting north-western Pakistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province and south-western Pakistan, Baluchistan Province over the last 48 hours, causing floods, landslides and several severe weather-related incidents that have resulted in casualties and damage. Provincial Disaster Management Authorities from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province reported 35 death, 43 injured, 46 houses fully damaged, 346 houses partially damaged, and 15 other infrastructures partially damaged including 2 schools. Provincial Disaster Management Authorities from Balochistan reported 5 deaths, 82 fully damaged houses and 155 partially damaged houses. In addition, the media also reported 50 injured people, around 700 damaged houses and several blocked roads across both Provinces. Some reports from Gwadar districts add 21 persons injured, 5 missing and 300 displaced. In Gilgit Baltistan, heavy rains and snowfall started on the evening of 1 March triggered landslides blocking Karakoram Highway blocking at multiple locations. Rescue operations are underway by the Army and civil armed forces. (ECHO, 5 Mar 2024)

The humanitarian impact is still increasing in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, north-western Pakistan following heavy rainfall, and heavy snow. According to the Provincial Disaster Management Authorities of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (PDMA), the number of fatalities reached 40 people while 62 others have been injured, 80 houses have been destroyed, 554 damaged as well as two schools. (ECHO, 6 Mar 2024)

Heavy rainfall and heavy hailstorms have been affecting north-western Pakistan (in particular the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province) since 31 March, triggering landslides and causing floods and a number of severe weather-related incidents (particularly due to hailstorms). Media report, as of 3 April, ten fatalities, 12 injured people and several damaged houses across seven districts in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province: Peshawar, Nowshera, Shangla, Bannu, Khyber, Charsadda and Bajaur (the latter being the most affected). (ECHO, 3 Apr 2024)

Iran: Floods - Feb 2024

Affected country: Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Glide: FL-2024-000019-IRN

Due to heavy rainfall and a severe cold wave starting from Monday, February 26th to the present day, March 8th, 2023, 844 villages,14,725 households, and 63,343 individuals were severely affected across Sistan and Balouchestan provinces by the devastating floods. Over 3,000 hectares of farmland and banana gardens have been destroyed particularly in Konarak, Chabahar, and Dalgan. With 500 villages rendered inaccessible and 9 dams overflowing, the scale of destruction is profound, with over 20,000 homes damaged and vital power and drinking water networks disrupted in more than 520 villages. The rural communities, notably the 26,640 nomadic households, are among the most affected and vulnerable. So far, 258,387 people across 16 counties namely Khash, Sib-o Soran, Fanuj, Iranshahr, Mirjaveh, Nikshahr, Dalgaan, Chabahar, Saravan, Zahedan, Nimroz, Sarbaz, and Mehrestan have been affected. (IFRC, 21 Mar 2024)

Peru: Floods - Feb 2024

Affected country: Peru
Glide: FL-2024-000022-PER

On February 26th, a National State of Emergency Declaration was issued for 60 days, declaring a Level 4 Emergency due to the impact of heavy rains and flooding in 20 regions. As of March 1st, the National Institute of Civil Defense (INDECI) reported 100,551 people affected by the emergencies and 32 dead (including 9 children). More than 42,000 homes, 68 schools and 129 health centers have been affected, are inhabitable or destroyed. (UNICEF, 8 Mar 2024)

Bolivia: Floods and Landslides - Feb 2024

Affected country: Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Glide: FL-2024-000021-BOL

Heavy rainfall in western Bolivia has resulted in devastating landslides, causing casualties and widespread damage. On 19 February, the National Service of Meteorology and Hydrology (SENAMHI) issued a red alert for three municipalities in La Paz and an orange alert for 279 municipalities across nine departments due to persistent rain and the risk of flooding. (OCHA, 23 Feb 2024)

On 28 February, the municipality of Cobija, in northwestern Bolivia, declared a state of emergency due to intense rainfall, causing the overflowing of the Acre River. The flooding left 14 communes underwater, forcing 570 families to seek refuge in six shelters. The ongoing rainy season, exacerbated by the El Niño phenomenon, has claimed 40 lives and affected over 15,000 families, nationwide. The National Meteorological Service has issued an orange weather alert for rains and thunderstorms in La Paz, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, Beni and Pando. (OCHA, 01 Mar 2024)

On 4 March 2024, the Bolivia Ministry of Defense published updated information on the severe rains affecting the country. Nine departments are under an orange alert, and the department of Pando has declared a departmental disaster. A red alert is in effect for three municipalities in the department of Pando and 21 municipalities in the department of La Paz. A municipal disaster has been declared for 18 municipalities and a municipal emergency has been declared in ten municipalities in the country. In total, 26,729 families have been affected, 43 deaths were reported, 483 homes were affected, and 842 homes destroyed, the majority of which were in the department of La Paz. In addition, 5,542 people were evacuated, the majority of which were in Pando. (PAHO, 04 Mar 2024)

On 11 March 2024, the Bolivia Ministry of Defense announced the launch of an emergency plan for the municipality of La Paz in response to heavy rains. The government will deploy machinery and technical personnel to support the affected areas for a duration of 60 days. Media is reporting that the La Paz municipal government has declared an emergency due to the heavy rains. (PAHO, 11 Mar 2024)

At four months after the start of the rainy season in Bolivia, the overflowing rivers, landslides, and mass displacement have affected 82,201 families (approximately 287,300 people) according to the Vice Ministry of Civil Defence (VIDECI). The national government reports that since November of last year the rains and flooding have caused 52 deaths. 22,433 families have suffered severe losses, and 5,542 people had to be evacuated. [...]

VIDECI has reported that 133 municipalities (533 communities) were affected by floods, flash floods, landslides, and other phenomena caused by persistent rainfall. In the city of La Paz, home to Bolivia's seat of government, continuous rainy days have caused rivers to overflow, deep ditches to form, and landslides to affect communities. A total of 3,148 families have been affected, 470 people (116 families) were displaced, and there is a risk of further landslides that could affect more than 4,000 families.

In Cobija, an Amazon region city on the border with Brazil, flooding at the end of February affected more than 3,600 people. While many families who were forced to stay in shelters are now able to go home, at least a hundred families will remain in the shelters because they suffered the complete loss of their homes. (UNICEF, 19 Mar 2024)

As of 9 Apr 2024, the country is facing heavy rainfall, floods and landslides, with over 50 people killed and 85,000 people affected according to the Government. (UN Climate Crisis Coordinator, 9 Apr 2024)

Comoros: Cholera Outbreak - Feb 2024

Affected country: Comoros
Glide: EP-2024-000014-COM

Following confirmed tests, the Comoros Ministry of Health declared a cholera epidemic on Friday, February 2, 2024, at 8 p.m. local time. A Cholera Treatment Center (CTC) has been activated in Samba to treat cholera cases (hospital on the outskirts of Moroni). This has been confirmed by the Dar Es Alam Laboratory and reaffirmed by the Comoros Ministry of Health. The spread of cholera is progressing steadily. The first locally transmitted cases appeared on Monday, February 5, 2024. As of February 11, a total of 33 cases were confirmed (13 being treated in the CTC, and two deaths registered from Grande Comores). (IFRC, 20 Feb 2024)

As of 10 March 2024, cumulative number of cases and deaths are 188 and 7 respectively (CFR=3.7%). In epi week 10, new cases increased by 100% from 23 in the previous week to 46. There was one new death reported epi week 10 compared to no death in the previous week. Cases are now in the three Islands of Grande Comore, Mwali, and Ndzuwani. Grande Comore accounts for about 84% of the cases. The outbreak dynamics and projection may change in the next few weeks with confirmed cases in Ndzuwani which is the most densely populated Island among the three Islands. (WHO, 11 Mar 2024)

Ecuador: Floods - Feb 2024

Affected country: Ecuador
Glide: FL-2024-000015-ECU

Heavy rainfall has been affecting northern and western Ecuador, in particular Esmeraldas, Manabí and Los Rios Provinces since 30 January, causing floods that have resulted in population displacement and damage. According to the WHO/PAHO, the Ecuadorian Government and media, as of 2 February, more than 3,100 people have been affected across Esmeraldas, Manabí and Los Rios Provinces. In addition, more than 800 damaged houses and over 200 assisted people by national authorities were reported in the Esmeraldas Province. (ECHO, 2 Feb 2024)

Since 29 January, heavy rainfall is affecting most of Ecuador, causing floods and landslides, population displacement and damage. According to the Pan American Health Organisation (PAHO), as of 4 March, 429 people have been sheltered across 12 shelters. As of 6 March, the Secretariat of Risk Management of Ecuador (SGR) reported 128,738 impacted people, at least 28,448 affected houses, of which 84 have been completely destroyed. The number of fatalities and injured people has not increased and still remains at six and seven respectively. (ECHO, 7 Mar 2024)

Since 29 January, heavy rainfall, floods (717 events) and landslides (281 events), aggravated by El Niño, have been ravaging most of Ecuador. As of 3 April, the Ecuador Risk Management Secretariat reports eight fatalities (three in Azuay, one in Orellana, one in Pichincha, one in Santo Domingo de Los Tsáchilas, one in El Oro and another in Manabí Province), and 13 injured people. Moreover, 170,000 people have been impacted, most of them in Manabí and Guayas Provinces. (ECHO, 4 Apr 2024)

Colombia: Drought and Wild Fires - Jan 2024

Affected country: Colombia
Glide: DR-2024-000013-COL

On 27 January 2024, by Decree No. 037, the Government of Colombia declared a National Disaster Situation for a period of 12 months, due to the impact of the "El Niño" phenomenon, which is a climate variability phenomenon that occurs every two to seven years due to the warming of the Pacific Ocean ... The National Unit for Disaster Risk Management (UNGRD, by its initials in Spanish), through Circular 065 of 18 December 2023, sent to the territories and other members of the National Disaster Risk Management System the guidelines for the preparation and readiness for the events under the influence of the "El Niño" phenomenon 2023-2024, where it is indicated that excess and deficit of precipitation may occur depending on the territory, generating water shortages for aqueducts, mass movements, water shortages for crops, floods, water shortages for animals, gales, forest fires, torrential floods, frosts, river erosion, among others. (IFRC, 10 Feb 2024)

Chile: Wild Fires - Jan 2024

Affected country: Chile
Glide: WF-2024-000010-CHL

Wildfires have been burning across parts of central Chile, particularly in the regions of Valparaíso, O’Higgins and Maule resulting in casualties and damage. According to the Chilean National Disaster Prevention and Response Service (SENAPRED), at least 112 people have died following the wildfires. The worst-hit area is Complejo las Tablas- Reserva Lago Peñuelas where at least 8,500 ha have burnt. In addition, media report 200 missing people in and around Viña del Mar City (Valparaíso). The Copernicus Emergency Management Service (EMSR715) was activated in rapid mapping mode on 4 February to provide the damage assessment and one map has been published so far. For the next 48 hours, according to the JRC Global Wildfire Information System (GWIS), the fire danger forecast is from moderate to extreme over central and north-western Chile. (ECHO, 5 Feb 2024)

The humanitarian impact is increasing following the wildfires that have been affecting central and southern Chile. More than 29,000 ha have burnt since 4 February, of which 12,000 ha in the area of Viña del Mar City and 2,000 ha in Quilpué City. According to the United Nations, as of 5 February, 122 people died while 200 others are still missing. Over 40,000 people have been affected, of whom 31,000 in Viña del Mar City, Valparaíso Province and 7,000 in Quilpué City, Marga Marga Province. The Copernicus Emergency Management Service (EMSR715) was activated in rapid mapping mode on 4 February to provide the damage assessment, and four maps have been published so far. Preliminary assessments highlight humanitarian needs in shelter, water and sanitation, livelihoods and multi-purpose cash. For the next 48 hours, according to the JRC Global Wildfire Information System (GWIS), the fire danger forecast is from moderate to extreme over central Chile and from moderate to very high over northern Chile. (ECHO, 6 Feb 2024)