Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

25 de julio de 2017
Erasmus Mundus Master in Public Health in Disasters

idiomas

Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

Desastres activos

Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka: Dengue Outbreak - Jul 2017

GLIDE number: EP-2017-000086-LKA
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Sri Lanka

There is an increase in the number of dengue cases in Sri Lanka this year. Since January until 7th July 2017, as many as 82,543 dengue cases, including 250 deaths, have been reported by the Ministry of Health, Nutrition and Indigenous Medicine. The number of cases this year is three-and-a-half times more than the average number of cases for the same period between 2010 and 2016. Based on surveillance data, dengue cases peaked in June 2017, coinciding with the South-West monsoon rains which commenced in late May. Approximately 43% of cases were reported from the Western Province. The most affected areas are the Colombo district, 18,761 cases; Gampaha, 12,121 cases; Kurunegala, 5,065 cases; Kalutara, 4,589 cases and Kandy, 4,209 cases. The current dengue outbreak follows heavy rains and subsequent flooding and landslides, which affected 600 000 people in 15 of the 25 districts in the country. (WHO, 11 Jul 2017)

Sri Lanka’s Ministry of Health reported this week that more than 87,600 suspected cases of the mosquito-borne infection have been reported in 2017, causing over 230 deaths. Dengue is endemic in Sri Lanka, but the number of infections this year is already about 38 per cent higher than 2016, when 55,150 people were diagnosed with dengue and 97 died. (IFRC, 14 Jul 2017)

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Date: 11 Jul 2017
Status: Ongoing

Philippines: Philippines: Earthquakes - Jul 2017

GLIDE number: EQ-2017-000080-PHL
Disaster type: Earthquake
Affected countries: Philippines

On 6 July 2017, a 6.5-magnitude earthquake struck the Philippines. The earthquake had a depth of 6.49 kilometres; it had an epicentre located three kilometres north-northeast of Masarayao, Leyte. An estimated 371,680 people live within 15 kilometres of the epicentre. (WFP, 06 Jul 2017)

As of 7 July, there were 72 injured people in Kananga, Ormoc City and Carigara, while a landslide was also reported in Jaro, Leyte following the earthquake. The national, regional and provincial authorities have conducted assessments and provided assistance, including search and rescue and emergency medical aid. Provincial authorities are leading the earthquake response with support from national agencies. The response to the earthquake is well within the capacity of the Government of the Philippines. (ASEAN, 07 Jul 2017)

As of 19 July, nearly 1,000 aftershocks have been occurred, including several over 4.0 in magnitude and a 5.8-magnitude quake on 10 July. Three deaths and 448 injuries have been reported. (OCHA, 19 Jul 2017)

As of 23 July, a total of 4,130 families or 16,052 persons have reportedly been affected in 27 barangays in the Province of Leyte (Region VIII) of which 2,070 families/8,439 persons are being served in 20 evacuation centers. While, 1,954 families/7,426 persons are currently staying outside the ECs with either their family or friends. (Gov't Philippines, 23 Jul 2017)

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Date: 06 Jul 2017
Status: Ongoing

Myanmar: Myanmar: Floods and Landslides - Jul 2017

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000091-MMR
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Myanmar

Monsoon rains and increased water levels in major rivers have caused seasonal floods in Magway and Sagaing regions since the beginning of July. In addition, Ayeyarwady, Bago and Mandalay regions, as well as Kayin State, have been affected by floods since the second week of July due to continuous heavy rains. According to the Government of Myanmar’s Relief and Resettlement Department (RRD) in Nay Pyi Taw, as of 21 July more than 91,000 people across 29 townships in Magway, Sagaing, Bago and Ayeyarwady regions, as well as in Kayin State, have been temporarily displaced/evacuated since early July and at least two people have died due to floods and landslides...Magway is the most severely affected region with almost 63,000 people, who have been temporarily displaced/evacuated across 12 townships. Pokkoku and Yesagyo are the most affected townships with 34,000 and 13,000 people temporarily displaced, respectively. In both townships, RRD has built evacuation sites with support from civil society organizations. (OCHA, 21 Jul 2017)

As of 22 July 2017, the water levels of Ayeyarwady River, Sittoung River, Ngawun River and Toe River exceed their respective danger levels and may remain above the danger levels for the coming few days. (Gov't Myanmar, 22 Jul 2017)

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Date: 05 Jul 2017
Status: Alert

Guinea: Guinea: Floods - Jul 2017

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000083-GIN
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Guinea

On 4 July 2017, heavy rainfall hit the forest region of Guinea in the Prefecture of Nzerekore causing serious property damages. Areas which suffered considerable damages are all located in the urban district area of Nzerekore and they include: Quartier commercial, Kwitiapolou, Wessoua, Dorota 1, Horaya, Gbanghana, Belle-Vue and Nyeh. The assessment has reportedly found out that there are currently 13 injured persons and 55 families pushed to seek shelter in public infrastructures. 2 cases of diarrhoea and 13 cases of fever are equally recorded amongst the displaced persons.
According to the joint Red Cross - government assessments 3,274 people were affected (i.e. 545 households) of which 1,038 men; 1,089 women; and 1,147 children. All affected areas had suffered from the previous Ebola crisis in 2014 -2015 and the poor health situation prevailing in the country. (IFRC, 18 Jul 2017)


Date: 04 Jul 2017
Status: Ongoing

Democratic People's Republic of Korea: DPR Korea: Drought - Jun 2017

GLIDE number: DR-2017-000087-PRK
Disaster type: Drought
Affected countries: Democratic People's Republic of Korea

According to the Government, drought conditions are affecting North and South Pyongan, North and South Hwanghae provinces and Nampo City. Reduced rainfall since January 2017 (30 to 80 per cent decrease compared to average) has been affecting agricultural crop production over an estimated 50,000 hectares of land. Affected areas have reported that yields of some crops are expected to decrease between to 30 to 50 percent compared to last year. On 27 June, UN agencies, IFRC and INGO members travelled to South Hwanghae province together with authorities to assess the impact of the drought. Many reservoirs, which are a critical source for communities’ water supply and irrigation, are reportedly well below capacity and in some communities, water is reportedly being trucked in from other areas. (OCHA, 3 Jul 2017)

DPR Korea's crop production for 2017, including staple rice, maize, potatoes and soybean, has been severely damaged by prolonged dry weather conditions, threatening food security for a large part of its population...Although rains in the first half of July provided some relief, they were generally too late to allow normal planting and development of the 2017 main season crops, to be harvested in October-November...The lack of rain is expected to have a serious impact on main season crops in the major cereal producing areas, including the provinces of South and North Pyongan, South and North Hwanghae and Nampo City, which normally account for close to two-thirds of overall main season cereal production. With forecasts of reduced production of the 2017 main season crop, the food security situation is expected to further deteriorate during the 2017/18 marketing year and cereal import requirements are likely to increase. (FAO/GIEWS, 20 Jul 2017)

According to Government data and FAO satellite analysis, around 30% of early crops have been lost due to the dry spell that has struck the country. These crops constitute 10% of the overall harvest. Rain began this mornth which is important for the main crops, but given the reliance on agriculture any loss has negative impact on vulnerable communities’ food security and nutrition. As in previous years, the dry spell coincided with the lean period and as a consequence, government rations, of which 70% of the population rely, recently dropped to 300 grams per person per day from 400g, which is still well below the target 573g. (OCHA, 24 Jul 2017)


Date: 27 Jun 2017
Status: Alert

Tajikistan: Tajikistan: Floods and Mudslides - Jun 2017

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000079-TJK
Disaster type: Flood, Mud Slide
Affected countries: Tajikistan

Heavy rains and strong winds on 26 June 2017 lasting for an hour (between approx. 16:30-17:30) have resulted in a mudflow in Amondara village, Panjakent district (Sughd Province) of Tajikistan. According to the results of the rapid assessment, conducted on 27 June by the Governmental Emergency Response Commission (which includes the Comity of Emergency Situation (CoES) and Civil Defence of Tajikistan), the RCST and REACT partners (national and international organizations), about 140 households (700 people) have been affected. Six houses have been totally destroyed, and ten houses heavily damaged. A total of 124 houses have been filled by mud. The affected population has lost their livelihoods, livestock and home properties and critical social infrastructure. Inhabitants of the destroyed houses have been evacuated and are currently being hosted by relatives and neighbours.

The mudflow has damaged 3.5 km of irrigation water supply channels and 1.5 km of drinking water system. Therefore, access to clean drinking water and irrigation water in the village is currently limited. The mud has also destroyed crops on 40 ha of agricultural lands and kitchen gardens and partially damaged the secondary school of the village. The full results of the rapid assessment can be seen in the below table. (IFRC, 10 Jul 2017)


Date: 26 Jun 2017
Status: Ongoing

China: China: Floods and Landslides - Jun 2017

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000075-CHN
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: China

Over the past week, heavy rains in southern China caused severe floods and landslides affecting over 7.3 million people. A massive landslide in Xinmo village (Sichuan province), left at least 10 people dead and nearly 100 people still missing. The Government has deployed rescue teams to the affected areas. Red Cross Emergency Response Teams are also providing relief goods and support to the search and rescue operations. Heavy rainfall is forecasted in the coming days which could trigger additional landslides. (OCHA, 27 Jun 2017)

Heavy rains in the past few days have led to widespread flooding in southern China, killing over 15 and forcing the evacuation of tens and thousands of people. On July 3, 2017, China issued a grade-IV emergency response for rain and floods that have left 16 dead and 10 missing in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. Over 92,000 residents have been relocated, according to the regional civil affairs department. The disaster has caused around 2.9 billion yuan in direct economic losses. (Xinhua, 03 July 2017)

Meanwhile, thousands are battling floods in various provinces along the Yangtze River. In Hunan province, the Xiangjian River reached a record 39.51 meters on July 3, beating the previous record of 39.18 set by a flood in 1998. Floods have inundated houses, uprooted trees, damaged cars and sabotaged roads in Changsha, capital of Hunan. Around 16,000 people are on high alert for flooding in neighboring Hubei while 28,100 people are battling against floods in eastern Jiangxi Province. The Chinese government has set aside a total of 1.88 billion yuan (276.8 million US dollars) to aid disaster relief in 20 provinces and regions. (Xinhua, 03 July 2017)

Natural disasters killed 204 people in China in the first six months of 2017, according to the Ministry of Civil Affairs and the National Commission for Disaster Reduction. Floods and geological hazards accounted for 134 of these deaths. (Xinhua, 12 Jul 2017)


Date: 24 Jun 2017
Status: Ongoing

Sudan: Sudan: Floods - Jun 2017

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000088-SDN
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood
Affected countries: Sudan

On 20 June, torrential rains and flash flooding affected an estimated 9,000 people (1,780 families) in Kalma camp for [IDPs] in South Darfur State. Hundreds of IDP shelters were damaged or completely destroyed, assets lost, and latrines collapsed. No injuries or deaths were reported, according to a rapid inter-agency assessment team that visited the camp on 22 June...In response to the flooding, the governmental Zakat Chamber donated 1,000 plastic sheets, 200 sacks of sorghum and 150,000 SDG in cash assistance (about US$23,000), which were distributed to the IDPs in need...Food distributions to all affected IDPs are ongoing. The international NGOs OXFAM, CARE International Switzerland (CIS) and American Refugee Committee (ARC) are distributing building materials for latrines to both the affected IDPs and those who were relocated to higher ground within the camp. (OCHA, 2 Jul 2017)

Heavy rains and subsequent flash floods have either destroyed or damaged 2,121 homes (affecting about 10,600 people) in North and South Darfur...In Shangil Tobaya town, 162 homes were destroyed (affecting about 800 people) and 89 were damaged (affecting about 450 people). In addition, 144 latrines completely collapsed in the town. In Um Dressy, 30 homes were destroyed (affecting about 150 people) and one health clinic and one borehole damaged ...The Government’s Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) in South Darfur’s Mershang locality reported that on 5 July, heavy rains and flash floods destroyed over 170 IDP homes (affecting about 850 people) and damaging another 242 homes (affecting about 1,200 people). In addition, 62 gardens and farms in Mershang town were destroyed...Also in South Darfur, 1,400 IDP families (about 7,200 people) were affected by heavy rains and flash floods in Kalma and Otash IDP camps (Bielel locality) on 20 June, according to IOM verification. This includes 950 homes that were destroyed (affecting about 4,700 people) and 500 that were damaged (affecting about 2,400 people). In response to these needs—as well as for AWD response - UNICEF has provided 200 latrine slabs, as well as chlorine for water treatment in both camps through the Government’s Water and Environmental Sanitation Department (WES). (OCHA, 16 Jul 2017)


Date: 20 Jun 2017
Status: Alert

Nigeria: Nigeria: Hepatitis E Outbreak - Jun 2017

GLIDE number: EP-2017-000085-NGA
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Nigeria

On 18 June 2017, the Nigerian Ministry of Health notified [WHO] of an outbreak of hepatitis E located in the north-east region of the country. The first case was detected on 3 May 2017 in Damasak, a locality at the border with the Republic of the Niger...As of 2 July 2017, 146 confirmed and suspected cases were reported including 21 confirmed cases...This area is characterized by a hepatitis E outbreak in neighbouring Chad and in Republic of the Niger. The ongoing humanitarian crisis and insecurity, high numbers of [IDPs] and refugees, and poor access to safe water leads to the spread of disease. There are also an increasing number of displaced persons moving back to the region post occupation. In addition, the potential cross-border contamination and subsequent increased risk of spread from Republic of the Niger and other neighbouring countries should be considered. (WHO, 12 Jul 2017)

The reported cases of hepatitis E continue to increase. As of 8 July 2017, 310 have been reported, including 42 confirmed cases. The number of reported cases from Ngala has doubled and women are disproportionately affected. The potential for the outbreak to spread to other LGAs, including Dikwa, remains high. The overall outlook of the food security situation is still poor with pockets of population severely affected by malnutrition. The hard-to-reach teams reported severe acute malnutrition (SAM) rates as high as 18%. (WHO, 14 Jul 2017)


Date: 18 Jun 2017
Status: Ongoing

Niger: Niger: Floods - Jun 2017

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000078-NER
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Niger

Heavy rains in the capital city Niamey on 13 and 14 June have left 11 dead. In the Tillabery region, three people died and more than 300 people were affected. (OCHA, 16 Jun 2017)

As of 20 June, 8,247 people have been affected across the country, including in Niamey and Tillabery. (OCHA, 20 Jun 2017)

Heavy rains recently occurred in the departments of Tchintabaraden and Abalak (Tahoua region) causing floods which are affecting 19,459 people countrywide. This year, heavy rains place 157,000 people at risk. The floods have also already killed 3,985 cattle. In Ibécétane, animal carcasses have polluted water points; thereby increasing risk for epidemics. Both departments were affected by Rift Valley Fever in early 2016. OCHA is working with the Ministry of Humanitarian Action and Disaster Management to update the needs assessment for the ongoing response. (OCHA, 18 Jul 2017)


Date: 16 Jun 2017
Status: Ongoing

Bangladesh: Bangladesh: Floods and Landslides - Jun 2017

GLIDE number: LS-2017-000068-BGD
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Land Slide, Mud Slide
Affected countries: Bangladesh

Deadly mudslides triggered by torrential monsoon rains in southeastern Bangladesh are estimated to have claimed at least 135 lives. This disaster occurred just two weeks after Cyclone Mora killed 9 people and caused significant damage across the region. In addition to mudslides, the rains caused severe flooding in low-lying areas, causing significant damage to road and communication infrastructure. Remote communities in Bandarban, Chittagong and Rangamati districts have been cut off and remain without water, electricity, and food supplies. Communities of Rohingya refugees in Bandarban district may also have been affected. Further mudslides are feared due to continued rainfall.

Initial reports suggest that these mudslides have been the most lethal in Bangladesh’s recent history. The total estimated death toll currently stands at 98 from Rangamati district, 30 from Chittagong district and 7 from Bandarban district. Many others are injured and in need of medical assistance. (UN RC, 14 Jun 2017)

Renewed mudslides in south-eastern Bangladesh have claimed additional lives and further damage to homes and infrastructure. Collapsing hillsides and heavy flooding are now estimated to have killed over 150 people across five districts. (UN RC, 15 Jun 2017)

As of 16 June, floods and landslides in the Chittagong Hill Tract region and surrounding areas have killed 156 people. According to UNICEF, 30 to 40 per cent of water points in the affected areas are flooded. In consultation with the Government, UNICEF stands ready to deploy pre-positioned emergency supplies for water, sanitation and hygiene, child protection, education and nutrition. UNDP has mobilized an emergency early recovery team to support the response and develop a longer-term rehabilitation plan. (OCHA, 19 Jun 2017)

The June landslides were the worst landslide-related disaster in Bangladesh since 2007. Beginning 13 June, the landslides resulted in the deaths of 160 people, injured 187 people, and destroyed 6,000 homes, despite being localized in impact. It affected about 80,000 people across five districts: Bandarban, Chittagong, Cox’s Bazar, Khagrachari and, Rangamati.

While search and rescue interventions are ending, medical services are providing life-saving assistance. Central and local authorities are restoring road networks, power supply, and communication networks. Prices for basic commodities like fuel and water soared in the market due to the scarcity of goods. The power shortages hindered access to water. Access to health, nutrition assistance, and life-saving intervention was initially limited due to road damage. Protection-related concerns have also increased, particularly for children and women. (UN RC, 12 Jul 2017)

Monsoon rains have triggered flooding across 11 districts in northeastern Bangladesh, affecting at least 1.3 million people as of 16 July. NGO partners report that vast areas of Moulvibazar and Sylhet remain under water affecting agricultural livelihoods. The Government has released cash grants and distributed food to the affected districts. (OCHA, 17 Jul 2017)

On 22 and 23 July, new landslides affected the district of Bandarban in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, with preliminary reports indicating that 6 people have died and 4 people are still missing. As rain continues during the intense monsoon season, there is the risk of further landslides causing additional suffering and destruction. The landslides that occurred between June and July are the deadliest in history, with Rangamati and Bandarban the most affected areas. Currently, 1,500 people in eight shelter camps are still receiving emergency shelter assistance and food assistance from national authorities. Complementing the government’s efforts, several humanitarian partners are providing shelter assistance, psychosocial support, NFIs and cash for food to 4,300 households. Other agencies are providing shelter, WASH and Sexual and Reproductive Health assistance to 1,500 households. (OCHA, 24 Jul 2017)

Appeals & Funding

  • Bangladesh: HCTT Response Plan (Jun-Dec 2017)

Date: 13 Jun 2017
Status: Ongoing

Syrian Arab Republic: Syria: Polio Outbreak - Jun 2017

GLIDE number: EP-2017-000066-SYR
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Syrian Arab Republic

A circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) outbreak has been confirmed in the Deir-Ez-Zor Governorate of the Syrian Arab Republic. The virus strain was isolated from two cases of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP), with onset of paralysis on 5 March and 6 May, as well as from a healthy child in the same community. (GPEI, 8 Jun 2017)

Since the confirmation of the first VDPV2 during May 2017, AFP surveillance has been intensified in the Governorate, especially in the Al Mayadeen district. As of 6 June 2017, a total of 58 AFP cases have been reported from the Governorate this year. In addition to the two cases that have tested positive for VDPV2, a further 11 have tested negative for polioviruses, with the remaining samples being under process in the laboratories or being transported to the laboratories. (WHO, 13 Jun 2017)

In Syria, 15 new cases of [cVDPV2] were reported in the past week, bringing the total number of cVDPV2 cases in the country to 17. Sixteen of the 17 cases are from Mayadeen district, Deir-Al-Zour governorate, and one case is from Raqua district, Raqua governorate. All cases had onset of paralysis between 3 March and 23 May. (GPEI, 21 Jun 2017)

A response task force has been established at the national level to follow-up on the Syria cVDPV2 outbreak. A national response plan for the cVDPV2 outbreak and a micro plan for rural Deir-ez-Zoir campaigns have been developed to conduct two immunization rounds in Deir-ez-Zor with monovalent oral polio vaccine type-2 (mOPV2 targeting 328,000 children under five years of age and Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) will be used in the secondround targeting 114,500 children aged between 2-24 months). (OCHA, 26 Jun 2017)

Two new cases of [cVDPV2] were reported in the past week, bringing the total of cVDPV2 cases to 24...Twenty two of the cases are from Mayadeen district, Deir-Al-Zour governorate, and two cases are from Raqua and Talabyad districts, Raqua governorate. Additionally, six cVDPV2s were also isolated from contacts, all from Mayadeen district...Although access to Deir-Al-Zour is compromised due to insecurity, the Governorate has been partially reached by several vaccination campaigns against polio and other vaccine-preventable diseases since the beginning of 2016. Most recently, two campaigns have been conducted in March and April 2017 using the bivalent oral polio vaccine (OPV). However, only limited coverage was possible through these campaigns. In response to the isolation of cVDPV2 from Raqua governorate, the Syrian Ministry of Health in collaboration with WHO and UNICEF is considering adding the area to the outbreak response. This is under discussion due to ongoing military operations. (GPEI, 4 Jul 2017)

One of the previously-reported cases from Raqua, on re-testing, has been confirmed as negative for circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2), and has been removed from the list of cases. The total number of cVDPV2 cases is now 23 (22 from Deir-Al-Zour and one from Raqua). (GPEI, 12 July 2017)

Monovalent type-2 oral polio vaccine (mOPV2) was shipped with 350 vaccine carriers dispatched by MoH to Deir Ez-Zor governorate on 11 July to prepare for the first immunization campaign in the area, expected to commence 22 July. An mOPV2 campaign in affected areas of Raqqa governorate is now planned. (WHO, 12 July 2017)

As of 18 July, twenty seven cases of circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) have been confirmed in Syria. This is an increase of 4 cases, since the last situation report dated 12 July. The total number of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) cases detected in Deir Ez - Zor governorate since the beginning of 2017 is 87 ( 66 from Mayadeen, 10 from Deir Ez - Zor, and 11 from Boukamal districts). Raqqa governorate has reported 14 AFP cases (6 from Raqqa, 7 from Tell Abyad, and 1 from Thawra districts). (WHO, 18 July 2017)

Useful Links


Date: 08 Jun 2017
Status: Ongoing

Nigeria: Nigeria: Cholera Outbreak - Jun 2017

GLIDE number: EP-2017-000077-NGA
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Nigeria

On 7 June 2017, the Nigeria Federal Ministry of Health notified WHO of an outbreak of cholera in Kwara State in the western part of the country. The initial cases of acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) started insidiously during the last week of April 2017. Seven stool samples obtained from the initial cases and analysed at the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital (UITH) laboratory isolated Vibrio cholerae O1 as the causative agent. The number of cases and deaths subsequently increased from the first week of May 2017. As of 14 June 2017, a total of 1,178 suspected cases and nine deaths (case fatality rate 0.8%) have been reported. Four local government areas have been affected, including Ilorin West (508 cases), Ilorin East (303 cases), Ilorin South (96 cases), and Moro (37 cases). (WHO, 23 Jun 2017)

[T]he number of new cases reported has shown a decline over the last four reporting weeks. As of 30 June 2017, a total of 1,558 suspected cases of cholera have been reported including 11 deaths (case fatality rate: 0.7%). Thirteen of these cases were confirmed by culture in laboratory. 50% of the suspected cases reported are male and 49% are female (information for gender is missing for 1% of the suspected cases)...Between 1 May and 30 June 2017, suspected cholera cases in Kwara State were reported from five local government areas; Asa (18), Ilorin East (450), Ilorin South (215), Ilorin West (780), and Moro (50) (information for local government areas is missing for 45 of the suspected cases). (WHO, 12 Jul 2017)

Useful Links


Date: 07 Jun 2017
Status: Ongoing

Bangladesh: Tropical Cyclone Mora - May 2017

GLIDE number: TC-2017-000058-BGD
Disaster type: Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Bangladesh, India, Myanmar

Severe Cyclonic Storm Mora made landfall in Bangladesh on 30 May 2017. The United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)-Operational Satellite Applications Programme (UNOSAT) estimates that 10,074,699 people were living in regions that were exposed to wind speeds of 120 km/h or more, and that some districts near Cox’s Bazaar and Chittagong were hit with gusts that topped 130 km/h.

There were at least six lives lost, as well as 136 people injured, according to the National Health Crisis Management Centre and Control Room of the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS). Government sources have estimated that approximately 52,000 houses were damaged or destroyed, leaving 260,000 people in possible need of shelter. In particular, Cox’s Bazaar district was heavily hit, with approximately 17,000 residences damaged. Housing for undocumented Myanmar nationals near Cox’s Bazaar was severely damaged. Rohingya refugees are currently without reliable shelter, food, and fuel. (UN RC, 31 May 2017)

An estimated 3.3 million people have been affected by Tropical Cyclone MORA, which made landfall in Chittagong Division on 30 May...As of 3 June, 540,000 people are estimated to require humanitarian assistance. The most severely affected area has been Cox’s Bazar, where more than 300,000 Rohingya refugees and Undocumented Myanmar Nationals are residing. Six Rohingya settlements in the area have reportedly been severely affected, with up to 70 per cent of shelters as well as latrines, clinics and other infrastructure damaged. Agencies working in Cox’s Bazar and other affected areas, are providing assistance in support of the Government response. (OCHA, 5 Jun 2017)

The storm damaged all UNICEF-supported Child Friendly Spaces in Cox's Bazar. These facilities had been supporting 13,437 children in makeshift settlements and host communities. According to UNICEF, children are at risk of exploitation, abuse and violation, as they are taking shelter with people who are not their immediate family members. Caregivers are busy collecting relief and restoring livelihoods; as a result, children are often left unattended for long periods. This could increase their vulnerability and exposure to risks. (UNICEF, 20 Jun 2017)

According to data made available by the Government of Bangladesh, some 52,000 houses have been damaged or destroyed, leaving more than 200,000 people displaced. The worst-hit area is Cox’s Bazar district. (ECHO, 6 Jul 2017)

In Myanmar, TC Mora affected the state of Rakhine, particularly Northern Rakhine. The estimate for total number of people affected by the cyclone in Myanmar is not yet available. However, initial results from Myanmar Red Cross Society rapid assessments, conducted 30 and 31 May, indicated that the storm impacted 12 of 17 townships in Rakhine State. The initial figures showed that 3,517 houses were partially damaged while 967 houses were completely damaged in Maungdaw township. 823 houses were damaged in Sittwe, Minbya and Rathedaung townships. A significant number of longhouses and other infrastructure, including latrines and temporary learning spaces, have been destroyed or severely damaged in existing IDP camps in Sittwe and Pauktaw townships. The most urgent needs identified are food, clean drinking water and other forms of basic assistance, including tarpaulins. (IFRC, 1 Jun 2017)

The Government of Myanmar and international and national humanitarian partners are conducting assessments and responding to needs following Tropical Cyclone MORA. As of 2 June, the Government reported that over 4,600 houses were destroyed and 11,700 houses damaged. The most severely affected areas are in the northern part of Rakhine State. In the IDP camps in central Rakhine State, hundreds of shelters, temporary learning spaces and latrines also suffered damage or collapsed due to the strong winds. (OCHA, 5 Jun 2017)

As of 13 June, official estimates for the total number of people affected in Myanmar were not yet available. Complicating the issue are the decades of protracted tension and communal violence in Rakhine state, where the cyclone hit. Access to some areas, including by humanitarian organizations, remains constricted. Although authorities have allowed some organizations to conduct needs assessments in Maungdaw and Buthidaung, the data is still to be verified and a comprehensive assessment has not been conducted, according to the IFRC. As of 13 June, distribution of NFIs had not yet started in these townships; authorities continued to invoke security concerns to postpone access. (IFRC, 13 Jun 2017)

According to assessments, the cyclone damaged close to 50,000 structures in the northern part of Rakhine State, including more than 21,000 houses and shelters for internally displaced people and more than 26,000 sanitation facilities. (ECHO, 6 Jul 2017)

Appeals

  • IFRC: Bangladesh: Cyclone Mora - Emergency appeal n° MDRBD019
  • IOM Bangladesh | Cyclone Mora Emergency Response (Jun-Dec 2017)

Useful Links


Date: 27 May 2017
Status: Ongoing

Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka: Floods and Landslides - May 2017

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000057-LKA
Disaster type: Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Sri Lanka

Incessant rains during the past 48 hours across Sri Lanka has affected over half a million people in 7 districts. Most affected was the Rathnapura district where over 20,000 people faced flash floods. In Galle, Neluwa, Tawalama, Niyagama, Baddegama areas were flooded. (Sri Lanka Red Cross Society, 26 May 2017)

The most severely impacted district is Galle, where 142,149 people (36,314 families) have reportedly been affected. Fatalities have been reported in Gampaha, Galle, Hambantota, Kalutara, Kegalle, Matara and Ratnapura districts, with 46 deaths reported in Ratnapura alone...The UN received an initial request from the Government on 26 May 2017 related to search and rescue efforts. UN agencies are currently supporting the Government’s relief efforts in coordination and mobilizing resources...UNICEF will donate water containers, water purification tablets and tarpaulin sheets to the Disaster Management Centre (DMC). WHO will be supporting the Ministry of Health to deploy medical teams to the affected districts. WFP and UNDP are supporting the DMC with information management. UN OCHA will provide additional human resources for coordination with Government and Humanitarian Partners. Search and Rescue efforts are on standby from neighbouring countries and can be deployed if needed. (United Nations Sri Lanka, 27 May 2017)

It is estimated that at least 150,000 are women and girls of reproductive age and over 189,000 children are affected by the disaster. To complement the ongoing Government-led response, the HCT is seeking US$22.7 million to address the critical life-saving and protection needs of 374,000 people in seven districts from 1 June to 31 October 2017. (UNRC Office, 2 Jun 2017)

The UN Central Emergency Response Fund has allocated up to US$4 million to address the critical emergency shelter and non-food item, water, sanitation and hygiene, health and food security needs of 120,000 people in Galle, Matara, Kalutara and Ratnapura districts. The Ministry of National Policies and Economic Affairs is currently carrying out needs assessments to plan for mid-to-long term recovery for the affected areas. (OCHA, 12 Jun 2017)

As of 21 June (1200hrs, UTC+5:30), an estimated 415,600 people are affected in 12 districts, of which approximately 30% are children according to UNICEF. A total of 213 deaths have been confirmed and 76 people remain missing. Over 3,000 houses have been destroyed and 21,000 are partially damaged. Just over 3,400 people remain temporarily displaced in 73 safe locations in affected districts. (UNRC Office, 22 Jun 2017)

There is an increase in the number of dengue cases in Sri Lanka this year...The current dengue outbreak follows, which affected 600 000 people in 15 of the 25 districts in the country. (WHO, 11 Jul 2017)

Appeals & Funding

  • Sri Lanka: Floods and Landslides Emergency Response Plan (Jun-Oct 2017)

Useful Links


Date: 25 May 2017
Status: Ongoing

Burkina Faso: Burkina Faso: Floods - May 2017

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000054-BFA
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Burkina Faso

Floods and violent winds have killed three people, injured 18 others and destroyed more than 750 houses across the country since the beginning of May. Overall, 5,129 people have been affected in several localities in the country’s East and South-Western regions. (OCHA, 22 May 2017)


Date: 15 May 2017
Status: Ongoing

Ethiopia: Ethiopia: Measles Outbreak - May 2017

GLIDE number: EP-2017-000069-ETH
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Ethiopia

In Ethiopia, 348 cases had been confirmed and 40 outbreaks reported in Addis Ababa, Afar, Amhara, Oromia, Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples, Somali and Tigray regions, as of 31 March 2017. The majority of the cases (39 per cent) have occurred among children under five years. Although not yet officially confirmed by the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH), over 100 cases of measles were additionally reported during the month of April 2017 in Gashamo Woreda, Jarar zone, in Somali region, which would bring total number of cases in 2017 to approximately 450 cases. (UNICEF, 17 May 2017)

As of week 22, 2017 there have been 1,981 reported cases of measles across the country, including 961 confirmed cases (420 laboratory confirmations, 490 epi-linked and 51 clinically compatible cases). In the same week there were 73 new suspected cases reported across the country...The phase one measles campaign was launched on 3 June 2017 in Degahabur City in Jarar Zone Somali Region as scheduled and the first phase is to be implemented in the four zones of Jarar, Nogob, Dollo and Korahay. The next phase will target the other zones. The target population for the campaign for under 5 years is 854,961 while for under 15 the target population is 1,714,151. (WHO, 9 Jun 2017)

The measles outbreak is still persisting. During week 24, a total of 37 new suspected measles cases were reported in the country. Since the beginning of 2017, a total of 2,119 suspected measles cases were reported from across the country. This includes 979 confirmed cases (434 laboratory-confirmed, 490 epidemiologically-linked and 55 clinically compatible cases). Of the reported cases, 18.5% had not received any measles vaccination and 44.1% had an unknown status. Oromia is still the most affected region, with 32% of reported cases, followed by Amhara (28%), Addis Ababa (17%) and SNNPR (11%). (WHO, 23 Jun 2017)


Date: 12 May 2017
Status: Ongoing

Democratic Republic of the Congo: DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - May 2017

GLIDE number: EP-2017-000048-COD
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo

On 11 May, the Ministry of Health of the DRC informed WHO that of five laboratory samples tested, one tested positive for Ebola virus at the Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale (INRB) laboratory in Kinshasa. (WHO, 12 May 2017)

On 24 May, WHO issued a donor alert, requesting US$10.5M for the initial 6-month budget to support the Government in strengthening the response, and to coordinate the support of major UN, NGO and International Organizations, and partners in the Global Outbreaks Alert and Response Network. (WHO, 24 May 2017)

On 23 May 2017, no new confirmed or probable EVD cases were reported. One suspected EVD case was reported from Muma Health Area in Likati Health Zone. The last confirmed case was reported on 11 May 2017. WHO, 24 May 2017)


Le 12 mai 2017, l’Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS) a déclaré une épidémie d’Ebola dans la zone de Likati, Province du Bas-Uélé. La RDC en est à sa huitième épidémie depuis 1976. Depuis le 22 avril 2017, 9 cas suspects de la Maladie à Virus Ebola (MVE) dont trois décès ont été notifiés, ce qui représente un taux de létalité de 33,3%, selon un bilan officiel au 11 mai 2017. (OCHA, 12 mai 2017)

On 2 July 2017, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the end of the most recent outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The announcement comes 42 days (two 21-day incubation cycles of the virus) after the last confirmed Ebola patient in the affected Bas-Uélé province tested negative for the disease for the second time. (WHO, 2 July 2017)

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Date: 11 May 2017
Status: Past disaster

Russian Federation: Russian Federation: Floods - May 2017

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000052-RUS
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Russian Federation

Between 10 and 15 May 2017, the destruction of the dam in the district of Ishim (Tyumen region) and water spills across the Ishim river caused massive flooding throughout Tyumen region, in particular, around the town of Ishim. The dam was destroyed due to the huge amount of melting snow and the discharge of water from the reservoir near the city of Petropavlovsk in Kazakhstan. The total number of affected families in Ishim district is to date 1,045. More than 130 houses are waterlogged and damaged and 41 houses fully destroyed. (IFRC, 23 May 2017)

On 23-24 May 2017, heavy flooding occurred in two additional regions – Omsk and Stavropol Kray – in Russia, following earlier floods in Tyumen region. As a result, the total number of affected people in the three regions of Omsk, Stavropol Kray and Tyumen has grown from 1,600 to 15,721 people (including 1,479 children and 668 elderly). The number of worst-affected people is amounting to 4,500 residents in 2,545 families. (IFRC, 12 Jun 2017)

On 16 June, The Russian Government informed that 937 million 500 thousand rubles would be allocated from the reserve fund to the Stavropol Territory authorities to pay for lump-sums and compensations. All compensations would come from federal reserve funds, while more than 12.3 thousand the affected people have received more than 163.5 million rubles from the regional budget. (Gov't of Russia, 16 Jun 2017)


Date: 10 May 2017
Status: Past disaster

India: India: Floods and Landslides - May 2017

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000064-IND
Disaster type: Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: India

According to local media, as of 7 May at 7.00 UTC, six people died, of which two by floods in Phek district (Nagaland State) and four more in Giridih district (Jharkhand State) due to lightening strikes. According to Assam State Disaster Management Authority, as of 7 June at 7.00 UTC, over 100 000 people are affected by floods in Assam. (ECHO, 7 Jun 2017)

Severe weather, including thunderstorms, heavy rain and strong winds, continues to affect the Indian states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland, causing floods. According to local media, as of 16 June at 7.00 UTC, at least 14 people died in Assam and Mizoram States. Assam National authorities mentioned that over 18 000 people were affected in four districts. (ECHO, 16 Jun 2017)

Flooding worsened in Assam on 2 July, when new areas were submerged by the rising waters of the Brahmaputra River and its tributaries. As of 5 July, official figures show over 390,000 people have been affected in over 850 villages across 15 out of 32 districts. At least one person has died. Just under 45,000 people are reported to be sheltering in 160 temporary relief centres. 31,000 more than on 2 July. More than 16,000 hectares of agricultural land have been flooded Heavy rainfall has occurred across much of India since June, as is typical during the June–September monsoon. Rainfall across the state, however, is still at normal regional levels for the season. Heavier rain is expected in the coming days and weeks. (ACAPS, 6 Jul 2017)

Since early July, heavy rains and floods were reported across India (Assam, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Bihar, Uttarkand, Uttar Pradesh and Orissa states). In Assam State alone, state disaster management authorities reported that over 1.7 million people have been affected as of 12 July. Media sources reported that at least 150 people have died nationwide due to the floods. About 1,300 National Disaster Response Force personnel have been deployed for the relief operations along with the Indian Armed Forces. The response continues to be led by national authorities. International assistance has not been requested. (OCHA, 17 Jul 2017)

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Date: 07 May 2017
Status: Ongoing
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