Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

27 de febrero de 2020
Erasmus Mundus Master in Public Health in Disasters

idiomas

Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

Desastres activos

Glide: EP-2020-000032-UGA

On 24 January 2020, the Ministry of Health in Uganda declared an West Nile region and Buliisa in the western region...In total, five laboratory confirmed yellow fever cases have been reported in Moyo (n=3) and Buliisa (n=2) districts, including three deaths (two in Moyo and one in Buliisa). Additionally, two probable and eight suspected cases have been recorded in Moyo Districts, and the test results of the suspected cases are being awaited. (WHO, 2 Feb 2020)

Subsequent to the declaration of an outbreak, three additional cases were confirmed in Buliisa (1), Moyo (1) and Maracha (1). Detailed investigations of these cases are ongoing...The affected districts share international borders with both DRC and South Sudan; and are marked by frequent population movements and high interconnectivity. Population immunity for yellow fever in the cross-border areas is also low and the forest biome between countries is continuous, indicating that there is a risk of international spread. Close monitoring of the situation with active cross-border coordination and information sharing is needed as the possibility of cases in neighbouring countries and risk of onward spreading to DRC and South Sudan cannot be completely excluded. (WHO, 21 Feb 2020)

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Tanzania: Floods - Jan 2020

Affected country: United Republic of Tanzania
Glide: FL-2020-000029-TZA

On 27 January, heavy rainfall occurred in Kilwa, Liwale and Ruangwa districts in Lindi region in south-eastern Tanzania. This resulted in flash floods that have led to fatalities and major damage. The latest update from the local government, shared on 28 January, reported more than 18,000 people affected, 13 deaths, 5 people missing, 1,746 houses completely destroyed, and 1,074 latrines collapsed...The flash floods have caused major damage to local infrastructure, livelihoods and personal properties. Schools, roads and bridges have been destroyed as well as 495 acres of farmland. Some of the areas are only accessible by boat...At this point of time the Tanzania Red Cross Society (TRCS) is fully relying on a local government source for its data. One National Disaster Response Team (NDRT) member; 1 water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) staff person; and 1 health staff person are currently on their way to the affected area to support the local branch with initial response and rapid assessment. TRCS is confronted with floods in various parts of the country. On 27 January, Dodoma, Iringa and Songwe have also been affected by flash floods, with respectively 900 and 500 people affected. Therefore, the DM team at headquarters is overstretched and has requested additional surge support to support the local branch and NDRT with the rapid assessment, as well as the development of the full operational strategy. (IFRC, 29 Jan 2020)

Heavy rain and floods continue to affect most parts of Tanzania, particularly the Lindi, Mwanza, Morogoro and Manyara regions, leading to at least 40 fatalities. According to media reports, 21 people were killed by floods in Lindi (south-east Tanzania) and 9 in Mwanza (north-west Tanzania) and 3 in Manyara (north-eastern Tanzania). In Morogoro (central-east Tanzania) 7 people died after flooding occurred in Mvomero and Malinyi districts. More than 15,000 people have been displaced and around 1,750 houses destroyed. Over the next 24 hours, more heavy rain and thunderstorms are forecast over the already affected regions. (ECHO, 07 Feb 2020)

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Central African Republic: Measles Outbreak - Jan 2020

Affected country: Central African Republic
Glide: EP-2020-000120-CAF

En 2019, plusieurs épidémies localisées de rougeole avaient été déclarées dans les districts sanitaires de Paoua (épidémie déclarée en mars 2019), Vakaga (épidémie déclarée en avril 2019), Batangafo, Bocaranga-Koui, Ngaoundaye et Bambari (épidémies déclarées en octobre 2019). Des ripostes localisées avaient été organisées dans le but d'enrayer ces diverses épidémies. Cependant, malgré ces ripostes, plusieurs faits alarmants ont conduit le Ministère de la Santé et de la Population à déclarer le 24 janvier 2020, une épidémie de portée nationale. (WHO, 28 Jan 2020)

On 24 January, the Ministry of Health declared a national epidemic of measles. More than 3,600 cases were registered and 53 persons have died so far between February 2019 and January 2020. Several cases are reported in northern and central provincial towns such as Paoua, Vakaga, Nana-Gribizi, Batangafo, Bocaranga, Ngaoundaye and Bambari. The authorities are calling for support from technical partners and donors to scale up the response against the outbreak to immediately secure sufficient quantities of vaccines, targeting all children aged between 6 months and nine years old. (OCHA, 29 Jan 2020)

The measles outbreak in Central African Republic, formally declared by the Ministry of Health on 24 January 2020, is evolving rapidly in numbers and expanding geographically. The incidence cases have risen sharply in the last weeks, following weeks of a gradual decline in the weekly trend in December 2019. In week 6 (week ending 9 February 2020), a total of 82 suspected measles cases and no deaths were reported, compared to 195 cases and one death in week 5 and 483 cases and no deaths in week 4. Between weeks 1-6 of 2020, a total of 1 498 suspected measles cases, including 15 deaths (case fatality ratio 0.3 %) have been reported in 13 out of the 35 districts in the country. Of the 13 districts with active measles outbreaks, five have been newly affected in 2020, namely Bangui in an urban area, Baboua-Abba, Nangha-Boguila, Bossémbélé, and Ouango-Gambo in rural areas. The last two districts around Bangui 1 (Bangui II and Bangui III) in urban areas and Bouar, Bozoum in rural areas reported suspected measles cases. Laboratory tests are ongoing.
The measles outbreak in Central African Republic has been ongoing since early 2019 (week 5 of 2019) and continued through to 2020.
There was an upsurge in cases in the last half of 2019, with a steady decline in December 2019. From 1 January 2019 to 9 February 2020, a total of 5 724 suspected measles cases, including 83 deaths (case fatality ratio 1.45%) have been reported in 13 health districts (WHO, 16 Feb 2020)

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Turkey: Earthquake - Jan 2020

Affected country: Turkey
Glide: EQ-2020-000018-TUR

A 6.8 magnitude earthquake struck Eastern Turkey at 8:55 p.m. local time on 24 January, at a depth of 15km and centred near the district of Sivrice in eastern Elazig province. Soon after the initial quake, the province was shaken further by a series aftershocks ranging from between a magnitude 5.4 to 3.3. The earthquake was felt in provinces as far as southern Adana and northern Samsun, along with northern Syria and Iraq. (Turkish Red Crescent Society, 24 Jan 2020)

The number of fatalities in Elazig and Malatya provinces (central-eastern Turkey) has increased to 41, after the earthquake of 6.7M occurred in Sivrice District on 24 January. Search and rescue operations have ended. The Turkish Disaster and Emergency Management Authority (AFAD) reports that the number of damaged buildings has increased to 11,032, of which 274 are destroyed. (ECHO, 28 Jan 2020)

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Madagascar: Floods - Jan 2020

Affected country: Madagascar
Glide: FL-2020-000019-MDG

Since the beginning of the month, several areas of Madagascar have been affected by floods triggered by heavy rain, resulting in at least 6 deaths and widespread damage. According to media reports, 4 people died in Antananarivo (central Madagascar), and approximately 400 were affected. Several districts of Antananarivo were flooded and buildings destroyed, including the University of Antananarivo. In Andapa Municipality (north-east Madagascar) 2 people died as a result of flooding. In north-west Madagascar, Mahajanga Municipality has been particularly affected, with roads and buildings damaged by flood waters. On 21 January, red warnings for heavy rain were issued for areas in north-west Madagascar, while red warnings for strong winds and high waves are in effect for coastal western Madagascar. Rain will continue to affect most of the country over 22-23 January. (ECHO, 22 Jan 2020)

Following widespread floods and landslides across several the Alaotra Mangoro, Analamanga, Betsiboka, Boeny, Melaky and Sofia regions, 13 people are now confirmed dead. According to media reports, at least 19 people are missing, approximately 3,000 people are displaced and more than 47,000 affected. Roads are damaged in the northern part of the country, leaving some villages isolated. Heavy rain and thunderstorms are forecast over north-western, central-eastern and south-eastern regions. (ECHO, 24 Jan 2020)

Heavy rainfall and flooding caused by a tropical disturbance have affected nearly 107,000 people, including more than 16,000 displaced, and caused at least 31 deaths in Madagascar over the last week. The Government declared a State of Emergency on 24 January and is leading the humanitarian response. (OCHA, 26 Jan 2020)

As of 25 January, the human toll is 9 people missing, 31 reported dead, 106,846 affected, 16,031 displaced. The estimation of damage on infrastructure is as follows: 67 public schools completely destroyed, 28 public schools partially destroyed, 18 schools used as evacuation centers. The government declare an Emergency State by the prime Minister. The delivery of humanitarian aid is the biggest issue for humanitarian actor, and the mobilization of sectoral prepositioning and on-site stock is prioritized in the current activities. (IFRC, 05 Feb 2020)

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occupied Palestinian territory: Cold Wave - Jan 2020

Affected country: occupied Palestinian territory
Glide: CW-2020-000026-PSE

Extreme weather conditions have hit the West Bank and Gaza Strip starting on Saturday 18/1/2020 including heavy rain floods, winds, and low-temperature cold wave. The heavy rain generated floods in several part of Palestine and thousands of people were affected with many families being evacuated from their homes. The extreme weather conditions resulted in the deaths of 3 people; two in the Gaza Strip and one in Jerusalem due to the heavy rains and flooding. (IFRC 2 Feb 2020))

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Pakistan: Cold Wave - Jan 2020

Affected country: Pakistan
Glide: CW-2020-000003-PAK

Heavy snow and rain have been reported across Pakistan leading to fatalities and damage. According to media, at least 14 people died as a result of heavy snow in several parts of Balochistan (south-west Pakistan), while five people died due to heavy rain in Rajanpur District (Punjab Province, eastern Pakistan). There are reports that a dam broke in Kech District (Baalochistan), damaging many houses. Several areas remain isolated, rescue and relief operations are hampered by the closure of main roads. A state of emergency has been declared for Mastung, Qila Abdullah, Kech, Ziarat, Harnai, and Pishin districts (Balochistan). (ECHO, 13 Jan 2020)

75 people are dead in Pakistan, 59 after avalanches in AJK and 41 in the Neelam Valley. 53 houses were destroyed across AJK and 64 people injured throughout the country. (ECHO, 15 Jan 2020)

Severe weather, including heavy snow and low temperatures, affected Pakistan (particularly Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Gilgit-Baltistan), causing widespread incidents and fatalities. According to the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), 100 people died, 76 in Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK), 20 in Balochistan, 2 in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and 2 in Gilgit-Baltistan. Moreover, 90 people have been injured and 213 houses have been damaged. (ECHO, 16 Jan 2020)

According to [NDMA], as of 17 January, 104 people died, 77 in Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK), 20 in Balochistan, 5 in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and 2 in Gilgit-Baltistan. At least 96 people have been injured, 236 houses have been damaged and several roads have been blocked by snow avalanches. (ECHO, 17 Jan 2020).

As of 20 January, the number of people who died in the snow spell has increased to 105, with the highest reported in PAK (78) and Balochistan (20). NDMA has reported that the damage to houses has significantly increased from 200 to 1,295 mostly located in Balochistan (1,057). The total number of affected people has not yet been confirmed by the authorities. A state of emergency was declared by Balochistan Government in eleven (11) districts - Quetta, Ziarat, Pishin, Kila Abdullah, Kachhi (Kolpur area), Mastung, Harnai, Kila Saifullah, Loralai, Kalat and Kech after a spell of heavy rain and snowfall across the province. (OCHA, 20 Jan 2020)

Three days onward, and the death toll continues to rise. With almost 110 deaths reported, approximately 70 percent of these occurred in P.A.K., while around 20 percent were reported in Balochistan. [NDMA] has found that 1,300 houses have been damaged in the inclement weather, with more than 80 percent of these houses located in Balochistan. Assessments conducted by Pakistan Red Crescent Society in Neelum district shows almost 6,400 people have been displaced due to avalanches and landslides. The displaced families are living with host families as no communal camps have been established to date. So far, air support has been disrupted due to bad weather. (OCHA, 23 Jan 2020).

There has been no further increase in reported deaths or house damages while a slight increase in injuries due to the recent avalanche and snow/rain spell in four affected provinces of Pakistan. So far, the highest number of deaths were reported in P.A.K. (79) and Balochistan (21), followed by Khyber Pakthunkhwa (5) and Gilgit Baltistan (2). According to data compiled from authorities, around 1 million people have been affected while the total number of people in the affected districts stands at 2.5 million. More than 1,000 houses were damaged in Balochistan, mainly due to land sliding and heavy snow in 11 notified districts of Balochistan. Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA) has identified four (4) additional districts as affected. The total tehsils affected are 37 in 15 districts. (OCHA, 24 Jan 2020).

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Afghanistan: Cold Wave - Jan 2020

Affected country: Afghanistan
Glide: CW-2020-000008-AFG

Several people have died as a result of heavy snow and low temperatures, which have affected parts of Afghanistan. As of 13 January, media report at least 17 fatalities. In Herat Province (central-west Afghanistan) and Kandahar Province (central Afghanistan), several houses have collapsed. Humanitarian aid operations have been hindered by the closure of key roads, including the Salang Tunnel and the Kabul-Kandahar Highway. (ECHO, 13 Jan 2020)

Last week, heavy snowfall and rain were reported in Zabul, Uruzgan, Kandahar and Hilmand provinces resulting in main roads connecting Kandahar to Kabul and Kandahar to Uruzgan being temporarily closed to public movement. Some 25 families (approximately 175 people) were affected by the heavy snowfall in Zabul province. Three members of a family were killed and two women and a child were injured when a room collapsed in Qalat district in Zabul province. In another incident, two people including a child were killed when a shop collapsed in Kandahar due to water damage caused by rain. Last week, 1,224 IDPs who were affected by conflict received humanitarian assistance in Kandahar, Zabul and Uruzgan provinces. Food and relief items were distributed by the Government to the 25 families who were affected by heavy snowfall in Zabul province. Assessments were ongoing to identify people who were displaced by conflict in Kandahar and Hilmand provinces. (OCHA, 15 Jan 2020)

Many areas of the country are still inaccessible, due to heavy snowfall, avalanches and landslides in the hilly part of the country, making it difficult to obtain a complete picture of the impact of the disaster and total number of affected families. However as per initial report of Afghan Red Crescent Society (ARCS) around 655 houses are partially damaged, 30 houses are completely destroyed, 13 people dead, 40 people injured, and 322 families are displaced to the safe places. It is estimated that up to two meters of snow have fallen in different parts of Afghanistan and many avalanches are reported within a span of four nights. Initial assessments indicate that limited food supplies in local markets have caused an inflation in the prices. Worse yet, the frozen ground has made it a challenge for affected communities. (IFRC, 20 Jan 2020)

Heavy snowfall and rain continue to impact civilians in southern and western Afghanistan. In 2020, some 1,170 people were affected. Harsh weather conditions resulted in road closures interrupting the delivery of humanitarian assistance in Badghis province. Ongoing winterisation assistance reached tens of thousands of people in need since late last year including 68,000 internally displaced people in Hirat and Ghor provinces. (OCHA, 20 Jan 2020)

Reportedly, on 16 February, avalanches severely affected over 100 villages in seven districts in Daykundi province and caused significant damage to homes and agricultural land. Around 400 families are affected by avalanches and inter-agency teams are deployed to carry out needs assessment in Daykundi province. (OCHA, 23 Feb 2020)

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Philippines: Taal Volcano - Jan 2020

Affected country: Philippines
Glide: VO-2020-000002-PHL

On 12 January around 21:00 UTC, the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology recorded increased volcanic activities generating an eruption plume one kilometre-high accompanied by volcanic tremor and felt earthquakes in Volcano Island and barangays of Agoncillo, in the province of Batangas. The government raised the alert status to Level 3 after the volcano spewed ash in a phreatic eruption. Residents from at least three municipalities of the province of Batangas were evacuated. The Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) in Manila put on hold all departing and arriving flights due to ash fall. (ECHO, 12 Jan 2020)

On 12 January, alert level-4 (hazardous eruption imminent) was raised over Taal Volcano located in the CALABARZON region 70 km south of the capital Manila. The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) raised the alert level a few hours after it raised the alert to level-3 on the evening of 12 January. According to PHIVOLCS, Taal Volcano entered a period of unrest beginning with phreatic or steam-driven activity in several points inside the main crater that then progressed into a magmatic eruption at 2:49 a.m. local time on 13 January. This magmatic eruption is characterized by weak lava fountaining accompanied by thunder and flashes of lightning. Seismic activity was also recorded in Tagaytay City, Cabuyao, Laguna, Talisay, Alitagtag, Lemery and Bauan, Batangas, with over 75 volcanic earthquakes felt at an intensity ranging from II to V as of 5 a,m. that morning. These developments signify likely continuous magmatic intrusion beneath the volcano, which may lead to further eruptive activity. (OCHA, 13 Jan 2020)

As of 15 January, a total of 423 volcanic earthquakes were recorded in Taal region. Of which, 137 were felt, ranging from Magnitude 1.2 - 4.1 and Intensity of I - V. About 44,000 people have been affected, of which at least 40,000 are taking temporary shelter in 189 evacuation centers. If the eruption column remains at 3 km or below, the ash plumes will be drifted to the municipalities southwest of Taal Volcano. However, if a major eruption occurs and the column exceeds 3 km, ash plumes will be drifted over south-eastern portion of Batangas and some municipalities of Quezon, Mindoro, and Marinduque. (Govt. of the Philippines, 15 Jan 2020)

Over the past 24 hours, Taal volcano erupted an ash plume up to 800 meters high. The ash dispersed southwest of the Main Crater but the activity is slightly weakening. A total of 566 volcanic earthquakes have been registered since 12 January. According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), more than 53,000 people have been sheltered in 244 evacuation centres located in the Provinces of Cavite and Batangas and more than 65,000 have been affected. The alert Level 4 remains in effect as well as the mandatory evacuation order for people living in a radius of 14 km from the Main Crater. (ECHO, 16 Jan 2020)

The Philippines Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHILVOCS) warned that another eruption may take place within the next few days, especially as there have been more than 30 volcanic earthquakes in the last 24 hours. The Batangas Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management office (PDRRMO) has now put almost 15 areas in lockdown status. More than 10 municipalities are in total lockdown, affecting an estimated total of over 502,500 people. The Department of Education (DepEd) reports that an estimated 73,000 school age children have been displaced and almost 80 schools have been abandoned. Aside from a growing need for food, water, fresh clothes, and sleeping mats, the IDPs are also starting to suffer from anxiety and depression. (ECHO, 18 Jan 2020).

As of 20 January, about 259,000 people were affected by the Taal Volcano phreatic eruption. Of which 146,992 were taking temporary shelter in 489 evacuation centers and 70,216 persons stayed with their relatives and/or friends or in open spaces. (Govt. of the Philippines, 20 Jan 2020)

Figures continue to climb as official warnings states that another hazardous eruption is possible within the next few days. Around 271,000 have been affected by the Taal Volcano eruption, with approximately 148,500 people staying throughout almost 500 evacuation centres. An estimated 63 million USD worth of damage has accrued against Filopino agriculture due to the eruption. (OCHA, 21 Jan 2020)

As of 24 January, 346,000 people have been affected by the Taal Volcano eruption. Approximately 137,500 people are currently staying throughout almost 490 evacuation centres. An estimated 145,000 people are being serviced outside of these evacuation centres. Approximately $63 million USD worth of damage has impacted on the Filopino agricultural sector, while almost 80 schools have been abandoned due to the eruption. Volcanic earthquakes continue in the region, with an average of six quakes occurring per day, between 21 and 24 January. (OCHA, 24 Jan 2020)

Taal volcano continues to emit white steam-laden plumes of 50-800 meters high drifting north-east and has seen 170 volcanic earthquakes and 4 low-frequency earthquakes in the last 24 hours, as of 27 January. Almost 395,000 people have been affected by the eruption, with nearly 137,500 displaced across more than 530 evacuation centres. Over 170,650 are taking shelter with relatives. The Batangas provincial government reported around 22,000 damaged houses, with more expected given ongoing assessments. (ECHO, 27 Jan 2020)

As of 30 January, almost 67,000 people are sheltered in 415 evacuation centres, while approximately 225,400 people have been displaced in other areas. Overall, more than 464,700 people have been affected by the eruption. €750,000 in emergency humanitarian funding has been released by DG ECHO to assist those affected. Taal Volcano may erupt in the coming days as seismic activity suggests magma is flowing into the volcano. An Alert Level 3 is in effect signalling a possible eruption within weeks. (ECHO, 30 Jan 2020

Taal volcano activity in the past 24 hours has been characterized by weak emission of white steam-laden plumes 50 to 100 meters tall that drifted southwest. DOST-PHIVOLCS recommended that entry into the Taal Volcano Island as well as into areas over Taal Lake and communities west of the island within a seven 7 km radius from the Main Crater must be strictly prohibited. As of 2 February, at least 25,000 locals continue to take shelter in 170 temporary evacuation centers in the region, while an estimated 226,000 have taken shelter with friends and/or relatives. (Govt. of the Philippines, 2 Feb 2020)

Taal Volcano remains under Alert Level 3 since 26 January. There were 18 harmonic tremors, or prolonged volcanic earthquakes linked to the movement of magma, recorded in the past 24 hours. Areas in Batangas within a 7-kilometre radius from Taal's main crater are still on lockdown. These include Taal Volcano Island, barangays of Bilibinwang, Subic Ilaya, Banyaga in Agoncillo, barangays of Gulod, Buso-Buso, and Bugaan East in Laurel. At least 129,171 families or 483,389 people have been affected in Batangas, Quezon, Laguna, and Cavite. There are 5,953 families or 20,927 people staying in evacuation centres and 55,036 families or 200,912 persons displaced in host families. (ECHO, 5 Feb 2020)

Nearly a month after the Taal Volcano eruption, over 235,000 people continue to be displaced, with a majority staying with host families and more than 24,000 people in evacuation centres in the Calabarzon region. While authorities continue to validate the extent of damage, it is becoming clear that heavy ashfall and frequent earthquakes during the eruption damaged over 2,300 houses in Batangas province and caused an estimated US$66.7 million worth of damage to infrastructure to agriculture. The Government is planning to relocate an estimated 5,000 families (25,000 people) from at-risk areas within the 7-km radius of the volcano’s crater which has been identified as a permanent danger zone. Alert-level 3 (out of 5) remains in effect over the volcano and sudden steam-driven and even weak phreatomagmatic explosions, volcanic earthquakes, ashfall, and lethal volcanic gas expulsions can still occur and threaten nearby areas. (OCHA, 11 Feb 2020)

As of 11 February, at least 505,000 people were affected by the Taal Volcano eruption in Batangas, Quezon, Laguna, and Cavite provinces. Over 17,088 people are taking temporary shelter in 110 evacuation centers while 211,729 people are currently staying with their relatives and/or friends, or in open spaces. (Govt. of the Philippines, 11 Feb 2020)

As of 17 February alert level 2 is maintained over Taal Volcano. Sudden steam-driven or phreatic explosions, volcanic earthquakes, ashfall and lethal accumulations or expulsions of volcanic gas can occur and threaten areas within Taal Volcano Island (TVI) and along its coast. At least 584,000 people have been affected in Batangas, Quezon, Laguna, and Cavite. There are over 6,100 people staying in evacuation centers, and at least 194,000 people are served outside the evacuation centers. (Govt. of the Philippines, 17 Feb 2020)

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Iran: Floods - Jan 2020

Affected country: Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Glide: FF-2020-000006-IRN

Heavy rain has been reported across south Iran (particularly the Provinces of Hormozgan, Khuzestan and Bushehr) causing widespread floods. According to media, one person is still missing in Hormozgan Province, at least 300 people have been displaced and 1,000 affected in the Provinces of Khuzestan and Bushehr. (ECHO, 20 Dec 2019)

Since 11 January, heavy rains and river overflowing have led to widespread floods, affecting especially Sistan and Baluchistan (SB), Hormozgan and Kerman. Depth of water reached 8 metres. New waves of rain are expected. In SB, 13 counties are particularly impacted with thousands of people displaced and living in emergency shelters. 500 roads to villages are blocked, 719 villages damaged as well as agricultural land, livestock, schools, health clinics. First estimates report more than 200 000 people directly affected; 100 000 people have their houses at least partially destroyed. Infrastructure and agriculture losses reach USD 100 million. Telecommunications are cut off. In Hormozgan, floods have affected villages and infrastructure, including roads and water facilities. Most pressing humanitarian needs are safe drinking water, food, hygiene aid. First emergency, life-saving relief has been provided by Iranian authorities, the Iranian Red Crescent Society and the Military. There is a raising concern about the risk of communicable waterborne diseases, disruption to schooling and livelihoods. Some humanitarian partners are supporting the response from their stocks. Funds are requested. A needs assessment field mission is ongoing. (ECHO, 21 Jan 2020)

Iranian Red Crescent Society (IRCS) responded to the disaster from the very beginning possible time. In response to the impact of the floods in the province, inhabitants of 6 villages with total population of 245 families were evacuated. 12 injured persons, as well as 7 pregnant women have been transported to the medical centres and 69 persons have been saved and rescued from river flood. Also, 195 houses have been drained water off and 8 vehicles were towed from water flood. (IFRC, 22 Jan 2020)

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Mozambique: Floods - Dec 2019

Affected country: Mozambique
Glide: FL-2020-000011-MOZ

From 8 – 10 January 2020, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) conducted rapid assessment in 12 resettlement sites across Tete and Zambezia provinces after the heavy rainfall last 30 December 2019 to 05 January 2020. In total, 45 upgraded shelters, 37 emergency shelters and 109 tents were completely destroyed due to the heavy rain. (IOM, 10 Jan 2020)

Since December 2019, Mozambique has experienced strong rains, winds and flooding, affecting at least 58,851 people, in Zambezia (17,432), Cabo Delgado (13,169 people), Sofala (6,328), Niassa (5,150), Nampula (4,915), Gaza (4,806), Maputo City (2,927), Manica (1,684), Tete (1,480) and Maputo (960), according to the National Disaster Management Institute (Instituto Nacional de Gestão de Calamidades, INGC). More than 10,200 houses have been damaged or destroyed, including 2,589 completely destroyed, and at least 47 schools have been affected. At least 28 people have died, and 66 have been injured, since the storms began, according to INGC. (OCHA, 21 Jan 2020)

From 11 to 15 February 2020, Grudja, Estaquinha, Bandua, Guara-Guara, Vila de Buzi, Muchanesse, Munimucua and other areas in the district of Buzi, Sofala province - Mozambique were severely affected by the rising level of the water basin, which led to floods. These floods in the region caused the isolation of communities in floodplains; community members took refuge in treetops, houses and ravines waiting for rescue. In the village of Buzi, between the night of the 14 and the morning of the 15 February, the water level rose forcing the displacement of more than 7,400 people from Buzi alone. A total of 30 accommodation centres (schools, churches and other buildings) have been set up to support those displaced. (IFRC, 24 Feb 2020)

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Tropical Cyclone Sarai - Dec 2019

Affected countries: Fiji, Tonga
Glide: TC-2019-000180-FJI

Tropical Cyclone Sarai, category 2, is located approximately 520 km west-northwest of Tonga as of 29 December 10:00 UTC. Close to its centre, the cyclone is expected to have average winds of up to 120km/h with momentary gusts up to 150 km/h. TC Sarai continues moving at about 8 km/h east-southeast towards Tongan waters on 31 December. Storm and flood warnings have been issued in Fiji with one person reported dead and one missing. It is estimated that over 2,500 people have been moved to 70 evacuation centres. The Tonga Meteorological Service has issued a heavy rain and flash flood warning for the entire country, with expected rough seas up to 4 meters. (ECHO, 29 Dec 2019)

Tropical Cyclone Sarai has been tracking through the provinces of Kadavu and Lau in Fiji as a Category 2 storm since Friday 27th December 2019. As of 30 December, Sarai is projected to move into Ha’apai, Tonga, on the first of January and track towards Niue as a Category 1 storm. In Fiji, about 2,000 people took shelter in about 70 evacuation centres. (OCHA, 31 Dec 2019)

Tropical Cyclone Sarai has gradually weakened and downgraded to a category 1 system. TC Sarai continues to move further away to the far southeast of Fiji. However, a Strong Wind Warning remains in force for land areas of Komo, Kabara, Namuka-iLau, Ogea, Fulaga, Lakeba, Oneata and Moce. (Govt. of Fiji, 31 Dec 2019)

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Typhoon Phanfone - Dec 2019

Affected countries: China, Philippines
Glide: TC-2019-000176-PHL

According to the Philippines Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) Typhoon Phanfone (known locally as Typhoon Ursula) made landfall at 4:45 PM (local time) on Tuesday, 24 December 2019, in Salcedo, Eastern Samar. PAGASA1 reports that Phanfone made landfall with maximum winds of 120 kilometers per hour (km/h) and gustiness of up to 150 km/h ... Strong winds, and storm surges are expected, and rainfall can cause flooding and trigger landslides, resulting in casualties, as well as damages to crops livelihoods, livestock, infrastructure and housing. There are reports of rough sea conditions along the eastern seaboards of the Philippines. Seas will also be rough in the inland waters of Southern Luzon and the Visayas and in the western seaboards of Southern Luzon on Wednesday afternoon. (IFRC, 24 Dec 2019)

There are two dead and four missing in Eastern Samar (15 reported by local media). On 26 December, the typhoon is located at 215 km west-northwest of Coron, Palawan. Phanfone is forecast to remain within the Philippine area by 27 December and be out by 28 December in the morning. The rain continues. (ECHO, 26 Dec 2019)

A total of 28 dead, 2 injured and 12 missing is reported (NDRRMC). During the onslaught of the typhoon a total of 147 cities / municipalities experienced a power outage (31 restored), five government facilities damaged and eight areas reported flooded in three municipalities. Biliran PLGU to declare the entire province of Biliran under the state of calamity. Initial reports at Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (PDRRMC) reports 1,050 families served in evacuation centres. (ECHO, 27 Dec 2019)

According to government reports, Typhoon Phanfone (locally known as Ursula) displaced 174,000 people and has affected 1.9 million people in over 2,300 barangays (villages). Over 65 per cent of the displaced took shelter in 602 evacuation centres, with more than 63,000 people staying with host families or in open areas. The heavy rains and high winds brought by Phanfone have damaged an estimated 378,000 houses, 400 schools, 100 public structures, and 32 health facilities. Government agencies are coordinating the response, distributing pre-positioned food, shelter kits, and relief assistance in affected regions. Priority needs are food, potable water, and shelter assistance to rebuild damaged houses. (OCHA, 30 Dec 2019)

As of 2 January 2020, the government reported 50 dead, 362 injured and 5 missing people in Regions Mimaropa, VI, VII, and VIII. A total of 2,431,821 people were affected in 2,702 barangays, of which 77,989 people are taking temporary shelter in 548 evacuation centers (ECs), while 55,918 people are served outside ECs. (Govt. of the Philippines, 2 Jan 2020)

As of 3 January, over 133,000 people are displaced, of whom 77,800 are taking shelter in 547 evacuation centres and over 55,000 staying with host families or open spaces. The number of displaced is lower than previously reported (145,000 people as of 31 December) as people are gradually returning home to repair their homes and recover from the effects of the typhoon. While classes are scheduled to resume on 6 January after the holiday break, over 440 schools have sustained damage in regions V, VI, VIII, MIMAROPA and CALABARZON, according to the latest National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) reports. Learning materials and school equipment that were washed away, and damage to roofing and electrical wiring in classrooms were due to the heavy to sometimes intense rains, strong winds, and storm surges which brought up to waist-deep flooding in some affected regions. (OCHA, 3 Jan 2020)

As of 5 January, the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) reported 2,825,279 people are affected in 2,923 barangays. There are 71,675 people taking temporary shelter in 526 evacuation centers in Regions VI and VIII, and 56,577 people are currently staying with their relatives and/or friends. (Govt. of the Philippines, 5 Jan 2020)

A week onwards, and the figures continue to rise. Over 3,271,500 people have been affected by Typhoon Phanfone, across more than 3,060 barangays. Approximately 2,760 people are currently taking shelter in 85 evacuation centers in the region. It is estimated that around 34,165 people are staying with relatives and/or friends. Almost 507,000 houses were damaged in the storms. (Govt. of the Philippines, 12 Jan 2020)

Almost 3,299,000 people have been affected by Typhoon Phanfone across almost 3080 barangays, as of 18 January 2020. However, the number of people taking shelter in temporary evacuation centres has declined, with around 1,240 currently staying in approximately 25 of these centres. It is estimated that there are still around 31,700 people staying with family and friends as a result of the Typhoon. The number of damaged houses continues to rise, with 516,885 recorded as having suffered damage in the storms. (Govt. of the Philippines, 18 Jan 2020)

Despite the impact of Typhoon Phanfone, at the time of writing, only one family is still currently taking shelter at a temporary evacuation center in the aftermath of the storms. Nonetheless, an estimated 26,400 are still staying with family and friends. The Government of the Philippines provided more than ₱116,238,650 worth of assistance to the affected families. (Govt. of the Philippines, 29 Jan 2020).

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Yemen: Dengue Outbreak - Dec 2019

Affected country: Yemen
Glide: EP-2019-000178-YEM

A significant increase in dengue cases was observed in the last three weeks of epidemiological reporting (Weeks 47,48,49) in the country and this was further confirmed on the 18th December during the Health Cluster meeting, with 22,003 cases and 60 deaths reported. Children below five years old are 11% of the total caseload and 30% of the total death cases. Dengue outbreaks have affected 174 of 333 total districts (54%) in 22 of 23 governorates of the country. The highest governorates with suspected dengue cases are from Hodeiadah, Taiz, Aden, Hajja and Lahj and death cases reported from Hudaidah, Aden, Hajja, Lahj, Shabwa, Marib and Rayma. Most reported cases are concentrated in urban areas. The number of affected governorates is likely to increase due to the collapse of the health system in Yemen, the poor water and hygiene condition in the most affected areas, additionally due to the ongoing complex and protracted conflict, with limited access to humanitarian support to the most vulnerable and affected populations. (IFRC, 26 Dec 2019)

In 2019 there were 76,768 suspected cases across the country and 271 deaths, 71 per cent of all cases were in Al Hodeidah, and in the first two weeks of January, there were 5,524 with 11 associated deaths.The number of suspected cases has reduced in some areas, but there are still hotspot districts, and the highest incidence per 10,000 of the population are in Al Hodeidah (10.7), Aden (2.36), Marib (2.12) and Lahj (1.63). (OCHA, 31 Jan 2020)

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Indonesia: Floods and Landslides - Dec 2019

Affected country: Indonesia
Glide: FL-2019-000181-IDN

Heavy rain in west Sumatra and central Sulawesi have caused floods, resulting in fatalities and damage. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), 2 people died, 60 families have been displaced, 707 people affected and 57 houses damaged following flash floods in Sigi Regency (Central Sulawesi Province). 5,000 people have been displaced and 1,000 homes flooded in South Solok Regency (West Sumatra). More heavy rain is forecast across the affected provinces over the next 24 hours. (ECHO, 16 Dec 2019)

Multiple provinces (North Sumatera, West Java, Bengkulu and Jakarta) in Indonesia has been experiencing flooding starting from 28 December 2019. The floods are affecting the provinces at different scales. The total numbers of people affected have not been confirmed as assessments are ongoing.

In North Sumatera province, flash flooding affected four villages (Pematang, Hatapang, Batu Tunggal and Merbau Selatan) in Labuhanbatu Utara districts. Approximately 229 households (857 people) have been affected. There are four evacuation points in the area, currently occupied by 861 people.

In West Java Province, a river embankment collapsed in Cimareme village, Ngamprah sub-district. Approximately 131 households and 15 houses have been affected according to the Indonesian Disaster Management Agency Provincial Level / Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Daerah (BPBD). Evacuation efforts are ongoing in the area. Most of the affected families are being evacuated to two mosques.

In Bengkulu Province, 138 houses located in the five sub-districts have been affected by floods due to heavy and persistent rainfall on 31 December 2019.

Heavy and persistent rainfall on 31 December 2019 in Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi caused flooding in the areas with Bekasi being the worst affected area. (IFRC, 1 Jan 2020)

As of 2 January 2020, at least 21 people have died. In Jakarta, over 62,000 people have been evacuated to temporary shelters. Indonesia’s government meteorology agency (BMKG) forecasts a further high intensity of rainfall between 11 and 15 January 2020. Indonesia’s National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) is working alongside the army, police, the National Search and Rescue Agency (Basarnas), other ministries and the Indonesian Red Cross to provide emergency response alongside community-based organizations. (ECHO, 2 Jan 2020)

As of 5 January 2020, the authorities reported 60 people have died. At least 495,000 people have been affected by the massive floods, with approximately 100,000 people being displaced in greater Jakarta area. (AHA Centre, 5 Jan 2020)

As of 6 January, disaster management authorities (BNPB) reported that a total of 67 persons have died and 36,000 people remain displaced in at least 127 sites (down from over 100,000 people displaced on 5 January). While flooding has receded in several areas, high rainfall is forecast to continue for the next week. As of 4 January, BNPB had recorded 1,317 heavily damaged houses, 5 severely damaged public facilities, and 24 severely damaged bridges. BNPB has been leading national coordination with other national agencies to support local governments which have mobilized support to affected people by dispatching relief items, deploying personnel, disseminating information, and establishing evacuation centres (OCHA, 7 Jan 2020).

As of 9 January, the Indonesian National Board for Disaster management (BNPB) reported the number of displaced in Bogor Regency (West Java Province) has increased from 12,961 to 14,000 as well as in East Jakarta from 64 to 65 people, while in West Jakarta, has decreased from 602 to 484. The total number of displaced is now 18,870 people. The death toll has been revised to 61. National authorities together with NGOs continue to provide support to those affected. For the next 24 hours, more rain is forecast across the affected provinces and further floods and landslides are expected (ECHO, 9 Jan 2020).

Since the morning of 14 January, floods triggered by heavy rain have submerged Samarinda City (East Kalimantan Province, Borneo Island), 3 districts and 6 subdistricts, affecting at least 7,213 residents. Media reported various districts of the city remained flooded, and several schools, health centers and other public facilities have been damaged. There were no reports of fatalities or injuries. As of 15 January, floodwaters still inundated several areas in Samarinda, with the worst flood recorded in East Bengkuring Sempaja district where the water level reached as high as an adult's waist. Samarinda Disaster Mitigation Agency (BPBD) reported no casualties. Some affected residents had been relocated to a shelter set up by the BPBD, while the rest were taken to the nearest mosque. Several public facilities such as a health center, a district administration office and schools were also affected by the flood. For the next 24 hours, moderate rain is forecast across the affected area (ECHO, 16 Jan 2020).

As of 21 January, media report at least nine fatalities in Kaur Regency (western Bengkulu Province) following the collapse of a bridge. In addition, one person is reported missing, while 30 more were rescued after the collapse. Moderate rain is forecast over southwestern Sumatra Islands for the next 24 hours. (ECHO, 21 Jan 2020).

According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management, as of 26 January, 2 people died and 2 have been injured following a landslide in Sumedang Regency (West Java), more than 350 people have been displaced and 20,000 affected in Bandung District (West Java), with almost 260 houses flooded in Bojonegoro Regency (East Java). The national authorities are providing emergency assistance to those affected. (ECHO, 27 Jan 2020).

Days of torrential rains in Central Tapanuli District of North Sumatra Province triggered flashfloods on 29 January, killing eight people and temporarily displacing some 700 households. The Head of Central Tapanuli declared an emergency response period of seven days and the local Government, police, and military conducted search and rescue operations, also providing basic relief assistance with support from the National Disaster Management Authority (BNPB) and the Ministry of Social Affairs.

Heavy rains on Mount Kawi in Blitar District, East Java Province, on 31 January, triggered flashfloods in Krisik Village. A number of house were damaged and five bridges collapsed, cutting off access for approximately 85 households. The Provincial and District Disaster Management Agencies have provided relief assistance to affected people. (OCHA, 4 Feb 2020).

Widespread floods triggered by heavy rain affected four sub-districts in Musi Rawas Regency (South Sumatra Province) and 23 sub-districts in Jakarta Province. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), as of 11 February, 3,635 families have been affected (2,744 in South Sumatra and 891 in Jakarta Province). Several people have been displaced in Jakarta Province and evacuated to 26 evacuation centres in east and south Jakarta. (ECHO, 11 Feb 2020)

Heavy rain continues to affect Sumatra and Java in recent days, causing floods and triggering landslides. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), as of 13 February, 363 families have been affected by floods, and 306 houses have been damaged in Lima Puluh Kota Regency (West Sumatra Province). Widespread landslides occurred in West Bandung Regency (West Java) where several families have been displaced and 80 houses damaged. The Regional Disaster Management Agency (BPBD) is conducting the emergency response, including the evacuation and rescue of those affected. (ECHO, 13 Feb 2020)

Heavy rain continues to affect Sumatra, Java and Kalimantan, causing floods and landslides that have resulted in casualties and damage. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), one person died, one is still missing and 2 people were injured after a landslide in Pasaman Regency (West Sumatra Province). In Cirebon Regency (West Java), 15 people have been displaced and 1,120 houses have been flooded due to the overflow of Cisanggarung River. Furthermore, more than 1,600 people have been affected by widespread floods, 1,251 in Solok Regency (West Sumatra) and 379 North Penajam Paser Regency (East Kalimantan). (ECHO, 19 Feb 2020)

Heavy rain continues to affect the West Java Province (particularly Bandung and Bogor Regencies). The Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) reports, as of 20 February, four fatalities in Banjarwangi Village (Ciawi District, Bogor Regency) due to a landslide. In addition, around 420 people are displaced, more than 115,050 affected and approximately 16,000 houses and 47 schools are flooded. (ECHO, 20 Feb 2020)

On 21 February, flash floods were reported across Sleman Regency (Yogyakarta Special Administrative Region, Java Island). According to the national authorities, 10 people died after the Sempor river burst its banks and 23 others were injured. More than 249 people were assisted by search and rescue operations, which ended on 23 February. An orange alert for heavy rain, thunderstorms and strong winds has been issued for most of Yogyakarta. Moderate to heavy rain is forecast over the affected area from 24-25 February. (ECHO, 24 Feb 2020)

Heavy rain in the last 24 hours has caused the overflow of the Ciliwung, Item, Sunter and Semongol rivers and flooding in numerous areas in an around Jakarta. Flood levels of 70 cm-1 m have restricted road access within the area. PMI (Indonesian Red Cross Society) mobilised personnel to conduct assessments, evacuations and coordinate with other actors. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), more than 400 people have been displaced and 39 villages have been flooded. More heavy rain is forecast across the affected area over the next 24 hours. (ECHO, 25 Feb 2020)

Heavy rain has continues to affect western Java Island (particularly the Jakarta area and the nearby Karawang Regency, West Java Province), causing widespread floods and damage. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), as of 26 February, more than 400 people have been displaced across the Jakarta area. In addition, BNPB reports 9,770 displaced people, 47,670 affected people, and more than 14,800 houses damaged throughout the Karawang Regency. (ECHO, 26 Feb 2020)

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Philippines: Earthquake - Dec 2019

Affected country: Philippines
Glide: EQ-2019-000168-PHL

On 15 December at 2:11 p.m. local time, a 6.9-magnitude earthquake struck Matanao municipality in the province of Davao del Sur, Mindanao. This is the fourth quake above magnitude 6 in the last two months to hit this part of Mindanao, all within a radius of 12km ...The October earthquakes partially or totally damaged over 47,600 houses. In Davao del Sur alone 13,200 houses were damaged, out of which 3,200 were destroyed. This number is expected to rise as the assessments of the latest event come in. OCHA analysis indicates there are some 838,000 people living in the area worst affected by all four earthquakes ... Three people have been reported dead and 23 injured, though the number is expected to rise. Authorities struggle conducting search and retrieval operations because of the rains on Sunday night and hundreds of aftershocks that continue to shake the grounds. Padada town, close to the epicenter, already declared the state of calamity. In Hagonoy, at least 660 houses are partially or totally damaged, including a totally damaged hospital. (OCHA, 16 Dec 2019)

As of 17 December, seven died following the 6.8 M earthquake in Davao del Sur Province, Mindanao according to the National Disaster Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC). 48 people are injured, 9,565 are housed in 13 temporary evacuation centres and 9,755 have been affected. At least 55 public buildings, 11 schools and 14 bridges have been damaged. There have been as many as 556 aftershocks, 55 of which were felt by the local population. The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) has issued a severe flood advisory for south-east Mindanao (including Davao del Sur Province), with rain and thunderstorms expected over the next 24 hours. (ECHO, 17 Dec 2019)

According to the National Disaster Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), 9 people are dead, one person is missing and 111 people are injured. 32,000 people are displaced (14,073 in 24 evacuation centres) and 108,471 affected. 14,000 houses, 128 schools and 14 bridges are damaged. (ECHO, 18 Dec 2019)

Four days after a 6.9-magnitude earthquake struck in Matanao, Davao Del Sur in Mindanao, more than 124,000 people need assistance in Region XI (Davao). Over 33,000 people are displaced, of whom nearly 15,000 people are staying in evacuation centres while over 18,000 people are staying with host families. Numbers are expected to rise as local authorities continue to assess damage and validate the number of those affected. (OCHA, 19 Dec 2019)

As of 22 December, national authorities report 13 people have died, 210 injured and one person is missing. A total of 243,765 people have been affected (35,249 in 52 evacuation centers) in Regions XI and XII. 25,311 houses, 397 schools, 25 health facilities, three roads and 14 bridges were damaged. (Gov't of the Philippines, 22 Dec 2019)

As figures continue to be collated from the quake, it has been reported that more than 378,100 people were affected by the earthquake across 207 barangays. Almost 37,000 people are currently taking temporary shelter in approximately 60 evacuation centers. It is estimated that more than 94,000 people have taken shelter with friends and/or relatives. Over 26,000 houses were damaged in the quake. (Govt. of the Philippines, 23 Dec 2019)

As of 29 December, the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) reported a total of 394,355 people were affected by the earthquake incident in 218 barangays in the Regions XI and XII. Over 40,424 people are taking temporary shelter in 102 evacuation centers, and 100,427 people are currently staying with their relatives and/or friends, or in open spaces. More than 37,000 houses were damaged (Govt. of the Philippines, 29 Dec 2019).

The figures begin to slow, and even decline, as the Philippines moves into the new year. It has been found that 397,080 people were affected by the earthquake, across 230 barangays in Regions Xi and XII. Around 39,020 are still taking temporary shelter in almost 90 evacuation centers, while approximately 99,980 are estimated to be staying with friends and/or family. Approximately 47,610 houses suffered damaged from the earthquake, and as such, more than ₱30,722,190 worth of assistance was provided by DSWD to affected families. (Govt. of the Philippines, 13 Jan 2020).

As of 3 February, at least 20,000 locals continue to take shelter in 60 temporary evacuation centers, while an estimated 107,000 have taken shelter with friends and/or relatives. (Govt. of the Philippines, 3 Feb 2020).

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Tropical Cyclone Pawan - Dec 2019

Affected countries: Somalia, Yemen
Glide: TC-2019-000165-SOM

The Tropical Storm (TS) initially named SIX that developed in the northern Indian Ocean has now been assigned the name PAWAN after sustaining a speed of more than 39 miles per hour for two days. The probability of the TS landing in the coastal areas of Puntland has increased from (10% TO 35%) over the last two days and is expected to make a land fall in Nugaal region in the next 24 hours.The influence of PAWAN may start being felt in the coastal areas of Bari, Mudug and Sanaag regions in the next 12 hours where moderate to heavy rains and strong winds are expected. The rains will then spread further inland to many areas within Somaliland, Puntland and central regions on 07 and 08 December 2019. (FAO, 6 Dec 2019)

As Pawan turns and tracks towards Somalia, it is expected that the strength will intensify. Under the current conditions, Pawan is expected to make landfall within the next 30 hours and based on the current trajectory, the cyclone will make landfall in Puntland and some parts of Somaliland, namely Awdal and Sannag regions. Strong winds, storm surges and heavy rainfall are expected to cause flooding and trigger landslides, resulting in casualties, as well as damages to crops livelihoods, livestock, infrastructure and housing. Based on the current trajectory, the tropical cyclone could make landfall affecting the Bosaso IDP Camp in Bari Region of Puntland. The total population of the three provinces most likely to be affected is 2.3 million, however it is difficult to estimate the proportion that live on the coast, as some 65% of the population are nomadic. (IFRC, 6 Dec 2019)

Heavy rain in the last 5 days has affected northern, central and coastal Somalia. On 7 December, Puntland coast was affected by Tropical Storm PAWAN and 2 people died following floods in Las Qoray (Sanaag Region). Roads connecting the town to the rest of the region have been damaged. In central Somalia, the overflow of the River Shabelle flooded Afgooye district, displacing over 1,500 people. (ECHO, 10 Dec 2019)

Between 6 to 8 December 2019, TC Pawan caused flash floods and Pawan-related storms in the Puntland. TC Pawan has displaced communities, impacting access to basic health services, which has left affected communities exposed to diseases. The most affected households need urgent humanitarian assistance as they are currently in dire living conditions. Damage was also sustained to IDP settlements, infrastructure and social services such as roads, schools, as well as telecommunication towers and electrical installations. The worst hit areas include Nugaal Region (Eyl and Dangorayo Districts), Karkaar (Qardho District) and Bari Region (Alula, Iskushuban, and Baargaal). Other areas affected include the coastal villages in Bari Region including Hafun, Iskushuban, Baargaal, Quandala and Alula districts. (IFRC, 20 Dec 2019)

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Rwanda: Floods - Dec 2019

Affected country: Rwanda
Glide: FL-2019-000170-RWA

On 6th and 7th December 2019, extensive floods were observed along Nyabarongo river and its affluents in Ngororero district, damaging crops in Matyazo, Muhanda, Shyira and Kabaya sectors with maximum recorded rainfall at 60.8mm. For Gisagara district, four sectors were affected, namely Mamba, Gishubi, Kansi and Muganza, with maximum recorded rainfall at 35.6mm. In Rusizi district, the sectors of Bugarama Butare, Gitambi, Gikundamvura, Muganza, Mkungu and Nyakabuye were affected with maximum recorded rainfall at 44.9mm. According to the initial assessments conducted by the Ministry of Emergency Management (MINEMA) and Rwanda Red Cross Society (RRCS) on 7-9 December, it is estimated that approximately 5,360 people (1,072 households) have been affected as a result of these floods. Sixteen people were reported to have died and 33 were injured. In addition, a total of 1,016 hectares of crops grown up in the marshlands and the swamps near the rivers were damaged and, in most cases, completely destroyed. Three water supply systems in Rusizi District (one in Gitambi and 2 in Muganza sectors) were also destroyed. (IFRC, 3 Jan 2020)

Heavy rain continued to affect central Rwanda (particularly the Kigali and the Southern Provinces) over the past 72 hours, triggering floods and mudslides. Media report, 19 fatalities (14 in the capital Kigali and 5 in southern provinces). Media report 8 injured people, 98 houses destroyed, 3 roads and 2 bridges damaged. Over the next 24 hours, more rain and thunderstorms are forecast over the whole country, with locally heavy rain over the Kigali and southern provinces. (ECHO, 5 Feb 2020)

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Burundi: Floods and Landslides - Dec 2019

Affected country: Burundi
Glide: FL-2019-000167-BDI

In the night of 4 to 5 December, 26 people died and over 500 people were affected by torrential rains and landslides which caused devastation in the northwestern provinces of Cibitoke, Bubanza, and the northeastern province of Cankuzo. The death toll and number of people displaced is expected to rise in the days ahead as further information is received and verified from affected areas. (OCHA, 6 Dec 2019)

On December 5th, torrential rains and strong winds triggered flash floods, mudflows and landslides over at least a dozen hills around Nyempundu, Mugina Commune, Cibitoke Province. A total of 9,935 people has been affected, of which 1,081 (206 households) have been displaced and temporarily relocated in communal spaces (churches and schools) and/or hosted by community members. Twenty-seven (27) people have been reported dead, while ten people are still missing. Seven people have been injured and evacuated to the Cibitoke referral hospital. Six of them have been discharged. Crops have been destroyed, livestock killed, and more than nine water access points have been washed away. (IFRC, 30 Dec 2019)

The continuous waves of rainfall occurring in the same areas are gradually increasing the damage toll. 3 people died, 19 injured, and more than 11,000 were displaced as a result of floods in Gatumba, Buterere, Kinama and Bubanza from 28 to 29 January 2020. (OCHA, 11 Feb 2020)

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Sri Lanka: Floods and Landslides - Dec 2019

Affected country: Sri Lanka
Glide: FL-2019-000171-LKA

According to media reports, as of 2 December, at least three people died following a landslide in Walapane Village (Nuwara Eliya District, Central Province). At least 570 people have been displaced in Batticaloa District (Eastern Province) and more than 4,100 people have been affected in Eastern and Northern Provinces as a result of widespread floods. Furthermore, at least 5,000 people experienced power cuts, and several roads have been flooded and blocked. (ECHO, 2 Dec 2019)

As of 2 December, 14,164 people (4,153 families) have been affected (Situation Report, DMC at 1800 hours). There have been five deaths reported with a further five people injured and one person reported missing. Additionally, 259 houses have been partially damaged, but only 6 houses had been fully destroyed. Twenty-nine safety locations have been established in seven districts with 3,149 people (946 families) evacuated into them. (Gov't of Sri Lanka & WFP, 03 Dec 2019)

Thousands of people have been displaced by floods resulting from torrential rains over the past week in Northern and Eastern provinces. In Eastern Province, over 79,000 people have been affected by the floods, while 2,500 people from 800 families have been displaced. In Batticaloa District, over 51,000 people from 15,000 families have been affected due to heavy rains and 2,300 people have been relocated to 15 sites. The Government has allocated emergency funds for the provision of food to the displaced people in displacement sites or temporarily staying with friends and relatives. (OCHA, 09 Dec 2019)

According to the latest report released by Disaster Management Centre (DMC) of Sri Lanka, 8 people died, 3 in Central Province after a landslide, 2 in Eastern Province, and 2 in Uva Province following flooding. At least 9 people have been injured and 4 are missing. Approximately 155,000 people have been affected and at least 1,360 houses were damaged. As of 10 December, there are 4,276 people displaced in 47 evacuation centres. The gates of several reservoirs have been preventively opened and low-lying areas of the Mahaweli River are flooded. (ECHO, 10 Dec 2019)

Approximately 12,000 people from 3,314 families have been affected by the heavy rainfall that is continuing in 13 districts across the island. The DMC said these people were moved to safe locations. According to reports, people living in Monaragala and Puttalam are the most affected districts owing to the prevailing adverse weather. (Gov't of Sri Lanka, 22 Dec 2019)

About 64,608 people (18,840 families) have been affected, with two persons reported dead, 62 houses fully damaged and 1,463 houses partially damaged. In addition, 17,766 people (5,255 families) have been evacuated to the 133 locations set up to assist displaced people. Intense rainfall from the north-eastern monsoon has led to an overflow of most of the water reservoirs and tanks in East, North, North-central and North-western provinces, triggering floods in several villages and affecting over 30,000 individuals. National Building Research Organisation (NBRO) of Sri Lanka had issued a "Level 3 Red Alert" landslide warning for the districts of Badulla, Kandy, Matale and Nuwara-Eliya. (IFRC, 23 Dec 2019)

The government has reported that over 71,000 people have been affected by the heavy rains, flooding and landslides throughout the island, while more than 360 have drowned in the storms. Approximately 6,700 have been evacuated to safety. (Govt. of Sri Lanka, 25 Dec 2019).

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