Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

13 de diciembre de 2019
Erasmus Mundus Master in Public Health in Disasters


Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

Desastres activos

Madagascar: Tropical Cyclone Belna - Dec 2019

GLIDE number: TC-2019-000164-MDG
Disaster type: Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Comoros, Madagascar, Mayotte (France), Mozambique

Tropical Cyclone TWO formed over the southern Indian Ocean on 1 December, moving south-west towards Madagascar. On 5 December at 6.00 UTC, its centre was approximately 550 km north of the northern coast of Madagascar, with maximum sustained winds of 64 km/h. TWO..is expected to pass between the north-west coast of Madagascar and east Mayotte on 7-8 December...The Meteorological Department of Mozambique has issued an alert for heavy rain and strong winds over the central and northern regions of the country. (ECHO, 5 Dec 2019)

The low-pressure system located north of Madagascar has intensified into Severe Tropical Storm Belna...Five districts in Madagascar— Boeny, Diana, Melaky, Sava and Sofia —have been placed on warning (green alert) by Meteo Madagascar. (OCHA, 6 Dec 2019)

Tropical Cyclone Belna made landfall in Soalala district in the west of Madagascar on the afternoon of 9 December, bringing strong winds and torrential rain. At least two people have reportedly died and at least three more are missing. Houses have been damaged and Soalala hospital was flooded when a protective dyke cracked. Belna has weakened into a tropical storm and is moving towards the south, where it is expected to bring further rain and the risk of flooding. (OCHA, 10 Dec 2019)

Useful Links

Date: 06 Dec 2019
Status: Alert

Burundi: Burundi: Floods and Landslides - Dec 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000167-BDI
Disaster type: Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Burundi

In the night of 4 to 5 December, 26 people died and over 500 people were affected by torrential rains and landslides which caused devastation in the northwestern provinces of Cibitoke, Bubanza, and the northeastern province of Cankuzo. The death toll and number of people displaced is expected to rise in the days ahead as further information is received and verified from affected areas. (OCHA, 6 Dec 2019)

Date: 04 Dec 2019
Status: Ongoing

Philippines: Typhoon Kammuri - Nov 2019

GLIDE number: TC-2019-000159-PHL
Disaster type: Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Philippines

According to the Philippines Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) as of 10:00 local time on 29 November 2019, Tropical Storm (TS) Kammuri is approximately 1,430 km east of the southern Luzon, moving northwest. PAGASA reports that Kammuri currently has maximum sustained winds of 140 kph near the centre and gustiness of up to 170 kph. Longer range models predict it could intensify to a category 4 typhoon. On entering the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR), which is estimated between 1 and 2 December 2019, it will be locally named “Tisoy”. (IFRC, 29 Nov 2019)

According to the Joint Analysis of Disaster Response (JADE) conducted by the Pacific Disaster Center (PDC), WFP and OCHA, more than 9 million people are expected to be affected by Typhoon Kammuri and experience moderate or higher wind damage. Out of the total number of people affected, 3 million are living in areas expected to be seriously affected and will likely require humanitarian assistance. Out of those, an estimated 1 million people (about 300,000 children under 15 years; 612,000 adults; 50,000 elderly over 65 years) are considered highly vulnerable based on pre-existing socioeconomic indicators. (OCHA, 2 Dec 2019)

Tropical Cyclone KAMMURI (TISOY in The Philippines) made landfall over the north-east Mindonoro Island, close to Naujan City on 3 December with maximum sustained winds up to 210 km/h. One death has been reported in Bicol Region and around 225,000 people were evacuated across southern Luzon. Schools are closed throughout Manila, as well as Manilla's main airport. Damage was also sustained to Legazpi City airport. KAMMURI will move across north Mindonoro Island with maximum sustained winds up to 155 km/h, before weakening as it reaches the South China Sea. A warning signal level 3 remains in effect over Mindonoro Island and southern Calabarazon. Extreme flood warnings have been issued for Bicol and Eastern Visayas while severe flood warning for north-eastern Mimaropa and central Calabarazon. (ECHO, 3 Dec 2019)

As of 4 December, the media has reported 13 fatalities. In addition, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) has reported that over 495,400 people have been evacuated (of which more than 458,000 have sought shelter inside evacuation centres and over 37,300 are outside evacuation centres). Infrastructure and buildings have also been affected, with reports of almost 40 houses have suffered damage from the storms, in addition to 12 roads and 3 bridges. More than 520 flights have been cancelled, while 865 municipalities have suspended classes. (ECHO, 4 Dec 2019)

While Tropical Cyclone KAMMURI (TISOY in The Philippines) continues to weaken as it moves south-west over the South China Sea, the Philippines has sought to recover from the storms. According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), 34 people have been injured, and almost 8,750 houses have been damaged, in addition to 135 schools. Approximately 20 roads and 20 bridges have been closed. (ECHO, 5 Dec 2019)

According to the NDRRMC's latest bulletin on 9 December, 360,765 families (1,560,463 people) have been affected; of which 18,322 families (80,068 people) are inside 450 evacuation centres, and 3,456 families (15,163 persons people) are outside evacuation centres. A total of 5 deaths and 322 injured persons were reported in Regions CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, V, and VIII. (Gov't of the Philippines, 9 Dec 2019)

Date: 30 Nov 2019
Status: Ongoing

Albania: Albania: Earthquake - Nov 2019

GLIDE number: EQ-2019-000157-ALB
Disaster type: Earthquake
Affected countries: Albania

The 6.4 magnitude quake struck just before 4 a.m., 34 kilometres northwest of Tirana, Albania’s capital, and has killed 16 people and injured more than 600, according to the government. There are reports of severe damage to infrastructure, and several buildings have collapsed in Thumane and Durres, with people still thought to be trapped inside. (IFRC, 26 Nov 2019)

According to reports from the Albanian Ministry of Defence, at least 21 people have died in Durrës City and Thumanë Town following the 6.4 M earthquake on 26 November. More than 600 people are injured and 1,200 others were evacuated in Thumanë, Tiranë, Durrës, Krujë and Lezhë. Hundreds of buildings have partially or completely collapsed. (ECHO, 27 Nov 2019)

Appeals & Response Plans

Date: 26 Nov 2019
Status: Ongoing

Malaysia: Malaysia: Floods and Landslides - Nov 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000162-MYS
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Malaysia

Significant heavy rains from 26 November 2019 have caused flooding in four states in Peninsular Malaysia, namely, Johor, Kelantan, Pahang and Terengganu. The floods have temporarily displaced about 15,000 families across the country. The situation following the weekend (30 November 2019) saw water level increasing in several affected districts. (IFRC, 03 Dec 2019)

As of 2 December, media report 2 fatalities (1 in Kelantan, and 1 Terengganu). Approximately 12,000 people have been evacuated due to floods and have been accommodated in relief centers. According to Malaysian Drainage and Irrigation Department, the water levels of several rivers have exceeded the danger level in 5 localities. A severe weather warning has been issued for Terengganu, while heavy rains will continue over Terengganu and Kelantan on 2-3 December. (ECHO, 02 Dec 2019)

Floods have affected Johor, Kelantan and Terengganu states, displacing up to 15,000 people primarily in Kelantan and Terengganu. In Sabah, the number of evacuated people from villages in Beaufort and Membakut districts has increased to 377. As of 11 December, they are staying at temporary evacuation centres. The water level still exceeds dangerous levels ... The Malaysian Meteorological Department issued weather warnings on 10 December for Pahang, Johor, Sabah, Sarawak. (ECHO, 11 Dec 2019)

Date: 26 Nov 2019
Status: Ongoing

Djibouti: Djibouti: Floods - Nov 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000156-DJI
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood
Affected countries: Djibouti

Since 21 November, Djibouti has experienced heavy rains which triggered flash floods across the country. In Djibouti city alone, initial estimates indicate that over 30,000-40,000 families (150,000-250,000 people) have been somewhat affected by the floods, and 9 people (7 children) have reportedly been killed. Reports indicate that between 21 and 24 November, almost 300mm of rain were recorded in Djibouti city alone, or over three times the annual average. Dwellings, shops, schools and infrastructure have been damaged. In some neighborhoods, access to electricity was also interrupted. In other areas of the country, damages to roads and flash floods have affected access to several communities, and information available to date indicate that at least 300 families are now in need of urgent humanitarian assistance in Tadjourah region alone. The recently inaugurated Tadjourah-Balho road, and road between Djibouti and Tadjourah suffered severe damages. A bridge in Arta area (PK53) is in danger of collapsing. (UNCT Djibouti/Gov't of Djibouti, 24 Nov 2019)

Some 250,000 people have been affected countrywide (26% of the population), and 150,000 (including migrants and refugees) are in need of immediate humanitarian assistance. In Djibouti city alone, 200,000 were affected (21% of the total population) and 120,000 require immediate relief support. Some 10 people (7 children) have reportedly been killed. Floods also caused widespread destruction of infrastructure, homes and livelihoods. (UNCT Djibouti/Gov't of Djibouti, 24 Nov 2019)

Key Content

Date: 21 Nov 2019
Status: Ongoing

Bangladesh: Tropical Cyclone Matmo/Bulbul - Oct 2019

GLIDE number: TC-2019-000147-BGD
Disaster type: Flood, Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam

Tropical Cyclone MATMO formed over the South China Sea on 29 October, moving west-northwest towards Vietnam. On 30 October at 0.00 UTC, its centre was approximately 275 km east-southeast of Quy Nhon City (Binh Dinh Province, central Vietnam) with maximum sustained winds of 65 km/h (tropical storm). (ECHO, 30 Oct 2019)

Tropical depression MATMO was moving into Cambodia from Vietnam on 31 October and is expected to bring heavy rain to the central part of Thailand, where temperatures are also dropping over next few days. Strong winds and heavy rains have resulted in power loss and damaged buildings and houses in the southern central provinces of Binh Din and Phú Yên, Vietnam. The authorities evacuated around 15,000 households to safer places. A considerable rise of the water level of Rivers in Phú Yên, including Cai River have been observed representing a high flooding risk. In Quang Ngãi Province, many houses were damaged and trees were uprooted, particularly in local southern districts. (ECHO, 1 Nov 2019)

The Central Steering Committee for Natural Disaster Prevention and Control of Vietnam reported, that Typhoon Matmo has destroyed 179 houses, damaged 2,314 buildings and 35 schools in the provinces of Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh, Phu Yen, Gia Lai and Thua Thien Hue. As of 4 November, 1 person is reported missing, 14 people have been injured and 20,000 displaced. (ECHO, 4 Nov 2019)

After passing over south-east Asia, Tropical Cyclone MATMO has reformed over the Bay of Bengal. On 7 November its centre was approximately 480 km south-west of Ayeyarwady Region...with maximum sustained winds of 93 km/h...On 7-8 November, rain and thunderstorms are forecast over eastern Myanmar, Andaman and Nicobar Islands (India) and strong winds in West Bengal. Preparedness planning is ongoing in the Cox’s Bazar district in Bangladesh, which hosts close to a million refugees. (ECHO, 7 Nov 2019)

The severe cyclonic storm ‘Bulbul’ has intensified into a very severe cyclonic storm as it moves towards the West Bengal and Bangladesh coast. The system is likely to intensify further before turning north-east across the West Bengal - Bangladesh coast between Sagar Islands and Khepupara, across Sundarbans delta on 10 November with maximum sustained wind speed of 110-120 km/h to 135 km/h. Heavy to very heavy rain and strong winds are forecast over West Bengal and Odisha coasts in India, and Khulna and Barisal divisions in Bangladesh over the next 4 days. (ECHO, 8 Nov 2019)

As of 10 November, the system has weakened to a Cyclonic Storm with a maximum sustained wind speed of 80-90 km/h and centred over Southwestern part of Bangladesh. It is expected to further move northeasterly direction and weaken gradually. (ECHO, 10 Nov 2019)

The number of fatalities in West Bengal State (India) and southern Bangladesh has increased to 20, after Tropical Cyclone BULBUL's passage on 9-10 November. According to media reports, 10 people died in West Bengal, and 2 more deaths were reported in Odisha State (north-east India). Over 26,000 houses were damaged. In Bangladesh, 8 people died, 15 fishermen are still missing, and at least 30 people are injured. More than 17,000 houses have been damaged and river embankments were breached in Barguna district (Barisal Division, southern Bangladesh). Disaster response teams from India and Bangladesh have been deployed to the affected areas and food and relief items are being distributed to the population. (ECHO, 11 Nov 2019)

After Tropical Cyclone BULBUL's passage on 9-10 November, the number of fatalities has increased to 24 (12 in India and 12 in Bangladesh). According to DG ECHO and UN OCHA, 28 people are still missing in Bangladesh, 71 have been injured and 2,106,918 have been evacuated to 5,787 evacuation centres. A total of 50,287 houses have been damaged or destroyed and more than 60,000 ha of crops have been affected. For the next 24 hours, light to moderate rain is expected across South Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram as BULBUL moves slightly east-northeast, weakening to a low-pressure area. (ECHO, 12 Nov 2019)

Date: 01 Nov 2019
Status: Ongoing

El Salvador: El Salvador: Floods - Oct 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000136-SLV
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: El Salvador

Heavy precipitation in El Salvador began on 12 October 2019 due to the influence and combination of a lowpressure system. The continual rain led caused rockslides and landslides, as well as falling trees and collapse of slopes, which disrupted transit on highways and roads. Unofficial figures report that at least four people have died following the heavy rain that caused the current flooding and landslides in the country. The heavy rains led to a landslide and 70-metre deep hole in the Santa Lucia, Ilopango municipality in the San Salvador department. Hundreds of people were evacuated. Six homes were destroyed and around 400 others (of which 103 have been declared uninhabitable by Civil Protection) are at risk of collapse. To date, these households have received scarce support to address their short-term housing needs. (IFRC, 28 Oct 2019)

Date: 28 Oct 2019
Status: Past disaster

Kenya: Kenya: Floods and Landslides - Oct 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000138-KEN
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Kenya

Heavy rain has been affecting several counties since last week, causing flash flooding and landslides. According to media reports, as of 24 October, 9 people have died as a result, 4 in Elgeyo-Marakwet County, 4 in Wajir county and 1 in Turkana County. Thousands of people have been displaced and roads and houses have been damaged. (ECHO, 24 Oct 2019)

[H]eavy rain has affected large areas over the last week, causing flash flooding and landslides. The northern and north-eastern counties are most affected; as of 24 October, at least 21 people have died, thousands have been displaced, and houses, roads and other infrastructure have been damaged. The Kenya Meteorological Department has warned of continued, countrywide heavy rain and strong winds over the coming days. Further severe flooding is predicted, particularly along the Tana River. (ECHO, 26 Oct 2019)

Based on data from Kenya Red Cross staff and volunteers a total of 14,083HHs (approx. 84,367 people) have been affected, 21 deaths reported with 2 others injured. The number of displaced households is currently estimated at 6,000HHs. In addition, 531 acres of farmland have been destroyed and 21,675 livestock have been washed away. Assessments are continuously ongoing with a possibility of a significant increase in the number of affected populations. (IFRC, 29 Oct 2019)

Heavy rainfall in many regions of Kenya since the start of the short rains season in early October has led to riverine and flash floods, rock falls, mudslides and landslides. More than 101,000 people have been affected, mainly in the north-eastern, central, and coastal regions, according to the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS). The KRCS has confirmed that at least 14,000 people have been displaced who were living in low-lying areas where rivers have burst their banks. At least 29 flood-related deaths have been reported and the death toll and number of people displaced is expected to rise in the days ahead as further information is received and verified from affected areas.(OCHA, 30 Oct 2019)

43,000 people have been affected in Wajir County (north-east Kenya) and the number of flood-related deaths has increased to 29. Approximately 36,000 people have been displaced, more than 101,000 affected, 52 schools and 14 facilities are inaccessible. Roads are flooded and two bridges damaged, including the main bridge linking Tanzania and Kenya. (ECHO, 31 Oct 2019.)

More than 144,000 people in 25 counties across the country are estimated to be affected by riverine and flash floods, rock falls, mudslides and landslides, according to the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS). The Government’s National Disaster Operation Centre (NDOC) also confirmed that at least 17,000 people have been displaced and 48 died due to the floods. With the current weather forecasts, which predicts heavy rains until the end of November, the NDOC expects these numbers to rise, including affecting 200,000 refugees living in settlements in Dadaab. (OCHA, 5 Nov 2019)

Kenya Red Cross teams in various parts of the country are supporting the evacuation of families to safer areas. Working alongside the Government of Kenya, Red Cross teams are delivering emergency relief items and essential supplies like household and sanitation items in evacuation centres hosting those who have been displaced by the flooding. Areas affected by flooding so far include Marsabit, Wajir, Mandera, Tana River, Turkana, Elgeiyo Marakwet, Kitui, Meru, Kajiado, Nandi, Kwale, Garissa, Muranga and Busia. (IFRC, 25 Nov 2019)

Heavy rain has been affecting western Kenya, triggering landslides that have resulted in casualties and widespread damage. As of 26 November, at least 52 fatalities after major landslides occurred on 24 November in Tapach, Weiwei and Batei Wards Villages (West Pokot County). Around 45 people are reportedly still missing (ECHO, 26 Nov 2019.)

More than 160,000 people, including nearly 18,000 who are displaced countrywide, have been affected by floods or landslides since the onset of the short rains in October, according to the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS). At least 120 people have reportedly died, including 72 people who lost their lives after a landslide buried their houses in West Pokot County in northwestern Kenya, according to the Government. Infrastructure of undetermined value, including roads and bridges, have been damaged, hampering effective humanitarian response efforts in affected areas (OCHA, 27 Nov 2019.)

Date: 24 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing

Somalia: Somalia: Floods - Oct 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000133-SOM
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood
Affected countries: Somalia

Moderate to heavy rains continued in many parts of Somalia and within the Ethiopian highlands over the last one week. River levels at Belet Weyne (Shabelle) are currently very high and the trend is expected to continue reaching over bank in the coming few days. Along Juba, the river levels are also high. The cumulative rainfall forecast for the coming week is calling for moderate to heavy rains across the country as well as the Ethiopian highlands. The river levels will therefore continue to rise with a high risk of flooding along the entire two channels. Flash floods are expected in built-up and low lying areas of Bay, Bakool and central regions given the forecast. (FAO, 18 Oct 2019)

Latest reports received in the evening of 21 October indicate that nearly 40 per cent of Belet Weyne town has been affected by flooding with an estimated 72,000 people having moved to Ceel Jaale highlands and surrounding areas. All villages in the north of Belet Weyne town have been affected and humanitarian partners are yet to establish the number of people displaced in these areas. The situation is further compounded by flooding from an outburst of minor tributaries in Belet Weyne, which has caused damage to farmland in villages such as Hawo Taako. Significant portions of crop land were also flooded in Bardheere in Gedo region, (where the river is already at bank full) and Bualle. Riverine communities have been asked to vacate their homes to higher ground with immediate effect. The rains will continue in the next seven days and river levels will continue to rise, further worsening the flood situation. (OCHA, 21 Oct 2019)

Riverine and flash flooding has affected populations in middle and lower Juba, Bay, lower and middle Shabelle, and Hiraan states. The number of people affected is expected to be high; an initial 76,000 people have been displaced so far in the worst affected areas. The impact of the rains will have on food security is not yet clear. (ACAPS, 24 Oct 2019)

An estimated 182,000 people have been displaced thus far due to flooding, according to UNHCR-Protection Return Monitoring Network (PRMN). Farmland, infrastructure and roads have been destroyed, and livelihoods disrupted in some of the worst-hit areas.(OCHA, 28 Oct 2019)

As of 5 November, 547,000 people have been impacted of whom 370,000 are displaced. In Belet Weyne district, an estimated 45,500 households (273,000 people) have fled their homes. Farmland, infrastructure, and roads have been destroyed in some of the worst-hit areas in Hirshabelle, Jubaland and South West States. At least 17 deaths have been reported. (OCHA, 06 Nov 2019)

Humanitarian partners have scaled up flood responses by re-programming available resources, but significant gaps remain even as heavy rains subside in some locations. More than 350,000 people have received assistance out of 570,000 flood-affected people. In Belet Weyne, flood water has receded, allowing 80,000 displaced people in Belet Weyne town (40 per cent of 180,000 displaced town residents) to return home. The rains have inundated 207,000 hectares of land along Shabelle and Juba rivers, raising concerns about food security and livelihood losses. On 23 November, the UN and Government launched a 3-month US$72.5 million Flood Response Plan to mobilise additional resources. Some $25 million has been made available - $11 million from the Somalia Humanitarian Fund, $8 million from CERF and funding from ECHO and DFID, but $47.5 million is still required. (OCHA, 5 Dec 2019)

The Tropical Storm (TS) initially named SIX that developed in the northern Indian Ocean has now been assigned the name PAWAN after sustaining a speed of more than 39 miles per hour for two days. (FAO, 6 Dec 2019) Heavy rain in the last 5 days has affected northern, central and coastal Somalia. On 7 December, Puntland coast was affected by Tropical Storm PAWAN and 2 people died following floods in Las Qoray (Sanaag Region). Roads connecting the town to the rest of the region have been damaged. In central Somalia, the overflow of the River Shabelle flooded Afgooye district, displacing over 1,500 people. (ECHO, 10 Dec 2019)

Date: 18 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing

Philippines: Philippines: Earthquakes - Oct 2019

GLIDE number: EQ-2019-000140-PHL
Disaster type: Earthquake
Affected countries: Philippines

An earthquake of 6.4 M at a depth of 14 km occurred in North Cotabato province (Mindanao island, southern Philippines) on 16 October at 11.37 UTC. The epicentre was approximately 30 km north-west of Koronadal City (Cotabato province), and 7 km east-northeast of Columbio Town (Sultan Kudarat Province). Two aftershocks of magnitude 5.3 M and 4.9 M were recorded, USGS PAGER estimates that up to 121,000 people were exposed to very strong shaking and up to 2,150,000 to strong shaking. Media report 4 deaths and more than 60 people injured in Tulunan, North Cotabato, and in Magsaysay and Digos in Davao del Sur. In addition, 29 buildings, including houses, schools and hospitals, have been damaged. (ECHO, 17 Oct 2019)

The number of fatalities has increased to 5 and 89 people are injured. According to the national authorities, as of 18 October, 202 people have been displaced, 3,068 affected and at least 337 houses damaged. 497 aftershocks have been recorded and several landslides were triggered by the main seismic event, causing damage to houses and infrastructure. (ECHO, 18 Oct 2019)

As of 25 October 2019. 5:00 AM, a total of 838 aftershocks were recorded, of which, 447 were plotted and 53 were felt, ranging from magnitude 1.4 to 5.5 and Intensity of | to VII. (Govt. Philippines, 25 Oct 2019)

An earthquake of 6.6 M, at a depth of 15 km, struck Cotabato Province (Mindanao Island) on 29 October at 1.04 UTC, approximately 17 km east of Tulunan (Cotabato Province) and 19 km west-northwest of Bansalan (Davao del Sur Province). Two aftershocks of magnitude 5.8 M and 5.0 M were also recorded. Up to 494,000 people were exposed to very strong shaking and 2,379,000 to strong shaking. (ECHO, 29 Oct 2019)

Initial government reports indicated that one person died from falling debris. 66 injured people were admitted to hospital for treatment. (Govt. of the Philippines, 29 Oct 2019)

On 29 October, at 9:04 a.m. Philippine time, a 6.6-magnitude earthquake struck in Tulunan, Cotabato in Mindanao, just two weeks after a 6.3-magnitude earthquake occurred in the same area, causing seven deaths and 215 injured. According to the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS), the 6.6 magnitude earthquake was tectonic in origin with a depth of 7 km and was felt in Cotabato and neighboring municipalities and provinces of five regions of Mindanao, including the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (BARMM). Small to strong magnitude earthquakes followed, and the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) reports of 270 aftershocks. Initial assessments by NDRRMC report Kidapawan, M’lang and Tulunan in North Cotabato, and Digos and Magsaysay in Davao del Sur in the Mindanao are among the hardest hit areas. The earthquake affected over 16,400 people. Some 4,400 people are staying in evacuation centres in Kidapawan, North Cotabato and Digos, Davao del Sur, while nearly 4,900 people are with host families in M’lang, Tulunan. NDRRMC, is reporting five deaths and nearly 400 injured. (OCHA, 30 Oct 2019)

On 31 October at 9:11 a.m. local time another 6.5-magnitude earthquake struck close to Tulunan. Tectonic in origin, the earthquake was felt strongly in North Cotabato, Kidapawan City, Davao del Sur and surrounding municipalities, according to the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS). The earthquake on 29 October caused 8 deaths, some due to collapsed walls and falling debris, and nearly 400 have been injured. The number of casualties and damages is expected to rise as the local authorities continue to conduct assessments. Affected communities, displaced in evacuation centres, with host families or camping outdoors in makeshift tents are afraid to go indoors for fear of being injured. According to [NDRRMC], over 25,600 people are affected (previous report 16,400 people) in 59 barangays in Regions XI and XII, of which almost 12,800 (previous report 4,400 people) are in 19 evacuation centres, while over 6,700 (previous report 4,900 people) are staying with host families. (OCHA, 31 Oct 2019)

As of 2 November 2019, the Philippines Government had provided over ₱6,000,000 worth of assistance to over 145,000 people from 149 barangays in response to the earthquakes around Mindanao. To date, some 20,635 people are currently staying in 27 evacuation centers set up by LGUs. It has been reported that approximately 6,850 persons are with their relatives or friends. The government has recorded over 20,000 totally, and almost 6,400 partially, damaged houses. (Govt. of the Philippines, 2 November 2019)

As of 4 November, [NDRRMC] reports of 22 deaths and over 420 injured as a result of a series of earthquakes that occurred between 16 and 31 October. Over 21,000 homes are destroyed and 7,200 partially damaged, mostly in the municipalities of Makilala and Tulunan in North Cotabato. More than 870 schools are reported damaged, which are frequently used as evacuation centres and has also hampered education of over 3,4 million of learners. More than 70 health facilities and 80 other public structures are also damaged, as well as over 25 bridges and roads in Region XI and XII. Over 188,000 people are affected in some 240 barangays in Region XI and XII. Some 24,000 people are staying in evacuation centres, while nearly 7,500 are staying with host families. The municipality of Makilala has been hit the hardest, with over 100,000 people affected, most of whom are currently staying in makeshift shelters. (OCHA, 4 Nov 2019)

As of 7 November, there have been 21 deaths, 417 injured and 2 missing peoples as a result of the series of earthquakes which hit North Cotabato and Davao del Sur provinces. Affected population stands at 254,400 people. (OCHA, 07 Nov 2019)

As of 9 November, the death toll has risen to 23, with 535 people injured and 2 still missing as a result of the series of earthquakes which hit North Cotabato and Davao del Sur provinces. More than 264,000 have been affected in total. (OCHA, 9 Nov 2019)

11 November saw makeshift tents in Makilala, North Cotabato evacuation centers destroyed by strong winds and heavy rain, prompting local authorities to relocate families to other temporary shelters. As of 12 November, more than 109,000 people are displaced with half staying in evacuations camps, while others are staying with host families. Over 36,000 houses and nearly 1,400 schools are damaged. It is estimated that many families will be displaced for at least one year, as a result of damages to structures in the area. To date, the Philippines Department of Social Welfare and Development has distributed food and relief items to affected families worth PhP39 million ($765,000). (OCHA, 12 Nov 2019)

As of 14 November, more than 262,000 people affected are in need of assitance...More than 48,000 people are currently staying in evacuation centres, and around 59,000 are staying with host families. The municipality of Makilala in North Cotabato has been hit the hardest, with around 100,000 people affected, of which many are currently staying in makeshift shelters or open grounds. As of 14 November, over 23,000 homes are destroyed and 15,000 partially damaged, mostly in the municipalities of Makilala and Tulunan in North Cotabato. (OCHA, 15 Nov 2019)

As of 18 November, over 324,000 people had been affected by the earthquakes in Tulunan, North Cotobato, and needed assistance. Over 560 injuries had been recorded, as well as 24 deaths. 70 evacuation centers were established to support an IDP population of 45,800. Over 23,300 houses were destroyed as result of the earthquakes, while over 38,700 were significantly damaged. (OCHA, 18 Nov 2019)

An earthquake of 5.9 M at a depth of 13 km hit Bukidnon Province (Mindanao Island) on 18 November at 21:22 local time. The epicentre was approximately 2 km northwest of Kadingilan Municipality in Bukidnon Province, northern Mindanao. This is the fifth strong earthquake that hit Mindanao between October and November. Up to 193,000 people were exposed to very strong shaking and up to 585,000 to strong shaking. According to media reports, 4 people have been injured and 80 families evacuated. Several buildings have been damaged and classes were suspended in schools throughout the cities of Cotabato, Maramag, Quezon and Valencia. (ECHO, 18 Nov 2019)

As of 27 November, [NDRRMC] reports more than 319,000 people affected in Regions XI and XII. Out of this, a total of 56,648 people are staying in 105 evacuation centres (ECs) while 126,104 people are served outside ECs. More than 41,200 houses in Region XI, XII and BARMM were reported damaged. Government authorities continue to validate and verify reported damage to infrastructure. (OCHA, 27 Nov 2019)

By 29 November, 349,000 people were in need of humanitarian assistance as a result of the recent earthquakes in the Philippines. 56,700 people were staying in evacuation centers, while 125,600 were taking shelter outside of the evacuation centers. 23 deaths had been recorded, in addition to 563 injured. 11 people are still missing in the aftermath of the earthquakes. 47,500 houses suffered significant damage due to the quakes. (OCHA, 29 Nov 2019)

As of 4 December, more than 349,000 people affected by the earthquakes remain in need of assistance. The most severely affected provinces are Davao del Sur and North Cotabato. The earthquakes triggered substantial displacements as a result of destroyed, damaged or unsafe homes. More than 58,300 people are currently staying in 103 evacuation centres, and around 130,900 are staying in informal settlements or with host families. The municipality of Makilala in North Cotabato has been hit the hardest, with over 100,000 people affected, many of whom are currently staying in makeshift shelters or open grounds. Over 25,800 homes were destroyed and 21,700 partially damaged, of which 72 per cent are in North Cotabato province including the municipalities of Makilala and Tulunan. (OCHA, 04 Dec 2019)

Appeals & Response Plans

Date: 17 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing

Uganda: Uganda: Floods and Landslides - Oct 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000163-UGA
Disaster type: Flood, Land Slide, Mud Slide
Affected countries: Uganda

Hundreds of people have been left homeless in Butaleja and Bulambuli districts in eastern Uganda following ongoing heavy rains. According to the Uganda Red cross Society, an assessment conducted by the humanitarian movement shows that many houses are submerged in water and Lelesi Bridge almost washed away as many roads are cut off. Over 1,000 people have been affected with some of the most affected sub counties being Bulambuli Town Council, Nabongo, Siimu, Great Bukhalu, Bunalwire and Bwanyanga (Monitor, 19 Oct 2019.)

In Uganda, 3 deaths were reported in Kasese District (Western Region). Around 950 households were affected, approximately 100 homes destroyed and several others damaged in eastern and western regions due to the Manafwa River overflow (ECHO, 23 Oct 2019.)

Since mid-October, continuous heavy rainfall in Bulambuli and Butaleja districts near Mount Elgon, Eastern Uganda, have caused severe flooding and triggered some mudslides. At least 950 houses have been flooded, leaving more than 4,500 people in need of shelter. Critical infrastructure, including roads, bridges and schools has been damaged and/or destroyed. Some schools have been temporarily closed. (ACAPS, 4 Nov 2019)

According to media reports, as of 6 November, one person died and 2 people are missing following flooding in Mukono District. In Bulambuli and Butaleja districts, 4,500 people have been displaced, 950 houses flooded and schools, roads and bridges damaged or destroyed. (ECHO, 6 Nov 2019.)

More than 900 houses to resettle about 7,200 out of the 100,000 landslide victims will be constructed on 2,800 acres. In the first phase, 101 houses were constructed and about 720 people were relocated from the landslide affected districts (Monitor, 11 Nov 2019.)

The Uganda Red Cross Society (URCS) has developed a three (3) months integrated emergency preparedness and response plan to respond and mitigate impacts of anticipated adverse weather events; including flooding and landslides arising from torrential rainfall that has affected over 10 districts; as well as response to confirmed cholera outbreaks in the four districts of Busia, Bududa, Kyegegwa and Isingiro. (Uganda Red Cross, 29 Nov 2019)

[F]looding and landslides have impacted at least 12 districts, including Bundibugyo District, where more than 4,000 people were affected. (OCHA, 4 Dec 2019)

Several landslides, triggered by heavy rains occurred across eastern Uganda, leading to fatalities and damage. A landslide occurred on 4 December in Bubuda District (Eastern Region of Uganda), where at least five people died, 48 are still missing, and over 200 families are affected, as reported by the Government of Uganda. Most of the roads and bridges in the districts are reportedly flooded, while search and rescue operations are hindered by shortage of personnel and equipment. Several landslides and floods were reported in Sironko District (Eastern Region of Uganda), where the Sironko river broke its banks. According to the Uganda Red Cross Society, at least five people are dead and over 200 are displaced in Zesui and Masaba sub-counties. Moderate to locally heavy rains will persist over southern areas of the Country on 7-8 December. (ECHO, 6 Dec 2019)

Heavy rain has affected western, eastern and northern regions causing floods and landslides. 36 people died, 22 in Bundibugyo District. Up to 6,000 people are displaced in Bududa District alone. The refugees’ transit centre in Bundibugyo District will host up to 700 internally displaced Ugandan nationals. Facilities are already overstretched and a new refugee influx from the DRC, linked to recent clashes in Ituri, may further exacerbate the situation.(ECHO, 10 Dec 2019)

Date: 17 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing

United Republic of Tanzania: Tanzania: Floods - Oct 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000145-TZA
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: United Republic of Tanzania

Heavy rain has been affecting central and northern Tanzania since the beginning of October, causing flooding and river overflow. As of 16 October, the number of fatalities increased to 18, of which 11 in Morogoro Region and significant damage to houses, infrastructure and crops. (ECHO, 16 Oct 2019)

According to media reports, 14 people died in Handeni district (Tanga Region). Since mid October, several floods have led to a total death toll of 44. In addition, a number of houses, roads, bridges and crop farms have been damaged. (ECHO, 28 Oct 2019)

As of 31st October, Mara is one of the most affected regions hit by heavy rains between October 26th and 28th and particularly the district of Rorya and Musoma Rural. The Emergency Needs Assessments conducted by TRCS National Disaster Response Team (NDRT)’ members in coordination with Local Authorities in these districts between October 29th and 31st, reported that rains coupled with strong windstorms affected 1,113 people (292 HH), including 50 injured. Several homes and infrastructure, including roads, classrooms and bridges were either destroyed or damaged, as well as several livestock and small stocks, in addition to 370 acres of crop farms which were washed away. TRCS is seeking CHF 83,430 from the IFRC Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to meet the immediate needs of the flood affected population in Rorya and Musoma Rural districts in Mara region. (IFRC, 15 Nov 2019)

Date: 16 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing

Samoa: Pacific: Measles Outbreak - Oct 2019

GLIDE number: EP-2019-000139-WSM
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: American Samoa, Australia, Fiji, New Zealand, Samoa, Tonga


The Ministry of Health held a news conference in Apia on 9 October to announce a suspected measles case that may be transmitted from the Auckland outbreak. The MoH further reported if lab results sent to Australia were positive, an outbreak would be declared. (ECHO, 11 Oct 2019)

A measles epidemic was confirmed by the Government of Samoa on 16 October. There were seven confirmed cases of measles[.] All were treated and discharged with no complications. However, there has also been one confirmed death, a one-year-old child. (Govt. of Samoa, 16 Oct 2019)

The Samoan government will close all schools in the country due to the current measles epidemic. The Cabinet has approved for all primary schools to be closed from 15 November and all high schools as of 29 November. More than 300 people, mostly young children, were suspected to have the viral illness. 3 people have died from suspected measles cases since the declaration of the epidemic last month. (ECHO, 04 Nov 2019)

In Samoa, the situation is deteriorating. There are at least 628 suspected measles cases recorded with 48 confirmed so far. A vaccinologist from Auckland University said the disease was at the stage where it was now difficult to stop. The necessary measure is to provide vaccinations. Samoa had a very low uptake of measles vaccines for years and the country had some of the lowest vaccine coverages in the world. (ECHO, 13 Nov 2019)

On 18 November, UNICEF announced that it is supporting the Government of Samoa to respond to a measles outbreak in the country. The Government of Samoa officially declared a state of emergency on 15 November 2019, four weeks into the continuing measles outbreak with more than 1,000 suspected cases so far. All schools have been temporarily closed in order to prevent the disease from spreading. The epidemic has claimed the lives of 14 children under-five years old and one adult. (UNICEF, 18 Nov 2019)

As of 21 November, Samoa was dealing with over 700 measles cases. The Samoan Ministry of Health (SMoH) issued a press release the day beforehand providing details of the mass vaccination campaign due to start tomorrow in urban Apia and Leulomoega. Approximately 70,000 people are in the targeted groups for vaccination, which includes children and infants aged 6 months to 19 years of age, and non-pregnant women aged 20 to 35 years. (ECHO, 21 Nov 2019)

The government also reported that 24,000 people had so far been immunised in a compulsory mass vaccination campaign launched under the state of emergency. Travel between Upolu and Savaii is prohibited for anyone aged 19 or younger. (ECHO, 26 Nov 2019)

As of 28 November, there were 250 cases recorded in the last 24 hours and 39 measles related deaths have been recorded. Approximately 98 per cent of the measles cases are from Upolu and notably concentrated in the Vaimauga West and Faleata West districts with about 92 per cent admission rates, of which highest are among children below the age of 5 years. (IFRC, 2 Dec 2019)

As of 3 December, there have been at least 55 measles-related deaths, the majority of whom were children under the age of four. Over 3,800 measles cases have also been reported. On 2 December, the Government announced a nationwide mass vaccination and instructed the shutdown of all public services to enforce the campaign. UN agencies deployed health specialists and are providing technical assistance to the Government. (OCHA, 3 Dec 2019)

As of 5 December 2019, there have been 4,217 cases since the outbreak started. There were 165 recorded in the last 24 hours. There have been 62 related deaths, with 2 fatalities in the last 24 hours. There are currently 172 measles cases who are in-patients at all health facilities. Admissions include 19 critically ill children in the Intensive Care Unit/ High Dependency Unit and 3 pregnant women and 1 postnatal at Tupua Tamasese Meaole Hospital. The total number of measles cases admitted to all hospitals recorded for the outbreak to date is 1,310. (WHO, 5 Dec 2019)

The Ministry of Health confirms a total of over 4,350 measles cases have been reported to the Disease Surveillance Team, since the outbreak started. There were 140 recorded in the last 24 hours. There are currently almost 180 measles cases who are in-patients at all health facilities. Admissions include 20 critically ill children in ICU/HDU and 3 pregnant women at Tupua Tamasese Meaole Hospital (TTMH). The total number of measles cases admitted to all hospitals recorded for the outbreak to date is approximately 1,370. Of that, 82 percent of patients have been discharged. The recovery rate remains the same since the last update. To date, 63 measles related deaths have been recorded, with 1 fatality in the last 24 hours. (Govt. of Samoa, 6 Dec 2019)

The UN’s Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator Mark Lowcock has released US$2.6 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund to help fight the devastating measles outbreak in Samoa and support the wider region. The funds will provide emergency vaccinations, obstetric and neonatal care for mothers and newborns infected with measles, mental health and psychosocial support, clean water and sanitation, and lifesaving public health information for 1.25 million people. (OCHA, 9 Dec 2019)

The Ministry of Health confirms approximately 5,000 measles cases have been reported, with 75 recorded in the last 24 hours. There are almost 180 measles cases who are currently in-patients at Samoa's health facilities. Most of these in-patients are admitted to Tupua Tamasese Meaole Hospital (TTMH). Admissions more than 15 critically ill children in ICU/HDU and 3 pregnant women at TTMH. The outbreak has seen almost 1,600 measles cases admitted to Samoan hospitals, however, around 85 percent of patients have been discharged. To date, 72 measles related deaths have been recorded, with 1 fatality in the last 24 hours. Currently almost 95 percent of all eligible people in Samoa have been vaccinated against measles. (Govt. of Samoa, 12 Dec 2019).


The Tonga Ministry of Health advises that cases of measles have been identified in a high school rugby group, who were playing rugby in New Zealand in September. The team returned to Tonga on 1 October. The Ministry has taken rapid steps to prevent further spread of the virus, including isolating the current cases at home, vaccinating contacts of the cases and quarantining the remaining squad members, staff and other contacts. (Govt. of Tonga, 18 Oct 2019)

As of 28 October, 107 cases of confirmed, or suspected, measles cases had been identified in Tonga. Authorities reported that the cases are typically experiencing a mild illness. Approximately 65 percent of these cases were discovered in 15-19 year olds. (Govt. of Tonga, 28 Oct 2019)

As of 5 November, 177 cases of confirmed or suspected measles have been identified in Tonga. Clinicians have reported that most cases are experiencing a mild illness. (Gov't of Tonga, 6 Nov 2019)

The Ministry of Education and Training and the Ministry of Health of Tonga announced the closure of all government primary schools from 14-25 November 2019 to further contain the outbreak of measles. The Ministry of Health advised people in Tonga to take precautionary measures to minimize the spread of measles, especially among students. (ECHO, 13 Nov 2019)

The Tonga Ministry of Health officially declared a measles outbreak on 22 October. As of 19 November, 310 cases of confirmed or suspected measles and no deaths have been recorded. (ECHO, 25 Nov 2019)

As at 26 November 2019, 394 cases of confirmed or suspected measles have been identified in Tonga. 344 (87%) of cases have occurred on the main island of Tongatapu, where the outbreak began. The smaller outbreak on Vava’u has a total of 44 (11%) cases. Additionally, 5 cases of rash illness have occurred in children on the island of ‘Eua, while a single case of rash illness has occurred in a child on the island of Ha’apai. Eight admissions to hospital have occurred among measles cases in this outbreak, with no deaths. The significant majority of cases have been managed in home isolation. (Gov't of Tonga, 27 Nov 2019)

As of 2 December 2019, there have been 440 cases of confirmed or suspected case since early October, including 46 additional cases since SITREP7 (released the week prior). All 46 of the cases from the past week have been from the main island of Tongatapu, meaning 390 (89%) cases in total have occurred on Tongatapu, where the outbreak began. No further cases have been reported from any other island since SITREP7.There have been 10 hospitalisations for measles throughout the outbreak and reported deaths. Source Tonga MoH Measles outbreak SITREP No.8, 4 Dec 2019

As of 06 December 2019, 458 cases of confirmed or suspected measles and no deaths have been recorded. The two recent new cases have been reported from Eua island. Currently none is hospitalised. Of all cases 363 (79%) occurred among adolescents and young people aged 10 to 24 years. Eighty-seven percent (87%) are in the island of Tongatapu. Since the beginning of this outbreak, 10 measles cases required hospitalization. The Ministry of Health administered in total (as at December 3) 15,124, vaccines 69% in Tongatupu island. Source: Pacific Public Health Surveillance Network, Tonga, Situation Report 8, (04/11/2019) and daily briefings with MoH Tonga. (WHO and UNICEF, 6 Dec 2019)

The Pacific Public Health Surveillance Network reported that as of 9 December, 485 cases of confirmed or suspected measles and no deaths have been recorded. Currently none are hospitalised. Over 80 percent of these cases occurred among adolescents and young people aged 10 to 24 years. Almost 90 percent of the cases have been reported on the island of Tongatapu. As of December 3, the Ministry of Health administered more than 15,100, vaccines, with almost 70 percent of these being on Tongatupu island (WHO & UN Children's Fund, 10 December 2019).


The Ministry of Health and Medical Services is declaring an outbreak of measles for the Serua/Namosi Subdivision. There have been two confirmed cases and two suspected cases reported from Wailali Settlement in Wainadoi. Three of the cases have recovered or are recovering at home, and one is currently admitted in hospital. (Gov't of Fiji, 07 Nov 2019)

As of 11 November, one of the suspected cases from the 7th November update was subsequently confirmed to have measles after lab testing. There are three confirmed cases and one suspected case reported from Wailali Settlement in Wainadoi. The three confirmed cases are a four-month-old baby and two adults between the ages of twenty and twenty-five. (Gov't of Fiji, 11 Nov 2019)

Seven cases of measles have been confirmed by 19 November. The latest confirmed cases are a 7 month old from Wainadoi, a 3 month old from Wainadoi, and a 19 year old from Navunikabi in Namosi. There are 2 more suspected cases in Navunikabi Namosi. The 7 month old and 3 month old babies are currently admitted under isolation at Navua hospital. (Govt. of Fiji, 19 Nov 2019)

As of 20 November, there are 9 confirmed cases of measles from Serua/Namosi Subdivision. The latest two confirmed cases are a 15 year old from Wainadoi, and a 2 year old who had been staying in Waibogi Serua. The outbreak response teams are responding to the notification of the new cases, which includes vaccination and quarantine of contacts if needed. (Govt. of Fiji, 20 Nov 2019)

As of 22 November, there are now 10 confirmed cases of measles. The latest confirmed case is a 25-year-old pregnant woman from Samabula. The woman presented to the CWM Hospital on 21 November 2019 and is currently admitted under isolation. (Gov't of Fiji, 22 Nov 2019)

As of 27 November, there are 13 confirmed cases of measles. The latest confirmed cases are a 22 year old from Wailali Settlement and a 16 year old from Navunikabi, both in the Serua/Namosi Subdivision. The third case is a 1-year-old child from Vatuwaqa Suva, who was admitted at CWM Hospital but has since been discharged. To date all but 2 of the confirmed cases are from, or are linked to, the Serua/Namosi Subdivision. And all the confirmed cases are in the Central Division. (Gov't of Fiji, 27 Nov 2019)

As of 29 November, there are now 14 confirmed cases of measles. The latest confirmed case is a 36 year old from Makosoi, Deuba in Serua/Namosi. (Gov't of Fiji, 29 Nov 2019)

As of 3 December, there are now 15 confirmed cases of measles. The latest confirmed case is a 38 year old from Nasilai Village in Nakelo – Rewa Subdivision. The 15 cases to date are from the following areas: 11 cases from the Serua/Namosi Subdivision (Wailali, Wainadoi, Navunikabi, and Makosoi Deuba), 2 cases from Suva (Samabula and Vatuwaqa) Subdivision, 2 cases from Rewa (Koronivia, Nasilai Village Nakelo) Subdivision. (Gov't of Fiji, 03 Dec 2019)

5 December saw 16 confirmed cases of measles. The latest confirmed case is a 24 year old from Sakoca in Tacirua, Suva. (Govt. of Fiji, 5 Dec 2019)

Since the last update on 04 December, 18 cases of measles have been confirmed. To date, confirmed cases are from, or are linked to cases in Serua/Namosi Subdivision (12 cases from Wailali, Wainadoi, Navunikabi and Makosoi Deuba) from Suva (4 cases from Samabuka and Vatuwaqa) and Rewa (2 cases from Koronivia) subdivisions in the Central Division. (WHO and UNICEF, 6 Dec 2019)

There are now 19 confirmed measles cases. The latest case manifested in a nine-month-old from Davuilevu in Rewa who had stayed at Saumakia Settlement in Naitasiri, and the Korovou Prison Compound in Suva. All of the measles cases so far have appeared in the Central Division. More than 85,000 people in the Central Division have been vaccinated since the second phase of the measles mass immunisation campaign, which began 4 December. This is in addition to the approximately 100,000 people who were vaccinated nationwide since the outbreak was declared 7 November. (Govt. of Fiji, 11 Dec 2019).

American Samoa

American Samoa: A measles outbreak has been declared by the Department of Health, American Samoa. There are 9 confirmed cases (5 travelers and 4 locally transmitted) reported. Source:- personal communication with country officials on 09 December 2019 and media articles from RNZ and Talanei retrieved on 08 December 2019. (Pacific Community, 10 Dec 2019)

Appeals & Response Plans

Date: 16 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing

Democratic Republic of the Congo: DR Congo: Floods - Oct 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000153-COD
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Several regions of [DRC] have been affected by flooding, following intense rain since mid October. The worst hit areas are Zongo and Libenge towns (Sud-Ubangi Province, north-western DRC), where the river Ubangui breached its banks and flood waters have yet to recede.One person died in Zongo and 36,800 people are homeless. In Sud-Ubangi province, media report 14,200 houses damaged, 12 schools, 21 bridges, 48 public buildings and wide areas of crops. (ECHO, 11 Nov 2019)

Floods since October have affected more than 10,000 people in Dungu locality in Haut Uele province in north-east DRC. The flood-affected people are being hosted by other families. Around 600 under 5 children are among those affected by floods, according to the local Red Cross. The floods have destroyed hundreds of farms, raising fears of food shortages. (OCHA, 12 Nov 2019)

Since the end of October, heavy rains caused flooding in Isangi territory, eastern Ituri province, affecting 45 villages and forcing 18,000 people to flee inundated areas. No humanitarian response has been provided yet and those affected are in dire need of shelter, household items, water and healthcare. (OCHA, 19 Nov 2019)

Heavy rainfall affected several parts of the country (particularly the capital Kinshasa) on 25-26 November causing floods and triggering landslides, displacing 400,000 people. According to media reports, as of 28 November, at least 41 people died in Kinshasa City area, most of them because of a landslide. In addition, more than 300 houses have been flooded in Lemba Municipality (Kinshasa District) and the bridge linking the Municipalities of Lemba and Ngaba collapsed. Rescue and emergency teams have been deployed to help the affected people. (ECHO, 28 Nov 2019)

Date: 15 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing

Côte d'Ivoire: Cote d'Ivoire: Floods - Oct 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000131-CIV
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Côte d'Ivoire

Heavy rainfall has been observed in parts of Cote D’Ivoire in the month of October 2019. On 11 to 13 October 2019, the rainfall intensified and resulted in flooding in six cities; Abidjan, Aboisso, Grand Bassam, Ayamé, and Man causing significant damage and loss of lives. In Ayamé the river overflowed its banks resulting in all commercial districts and Ākobo village to be flooded. Similarly, in Alépé, river flooding was experienced affecting communities along the river.

A total of 12,900 people (2,150 households) have been affected, 202 homes completely submerged, 72 houses destroyed, 32 people injured, and 12 deaths. Most of the 12,900 flood-affected people have lost their necessities, such as food and non-food items. More than 612 people are also homeless and relocated to host families or temporary sites. Several latrines and septic tanks were washed away and a health centre has also been flooded. Main water sources (wells and water sources) were flooded and contaminated. Aboisso is a cholera hot spot and therefore there is a high risk of waterborne diseases (IFRC, 22 Oct 2019.)

Date: 11 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing

Sudan: Sudan: Rift Valley Fever Outbreak - Oct 2019

GLIDE number: EP-2019-000150-SDN
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Sudan

On 10 October 2019, the National IHR Focal Point for Sudan notified WHO of 47 suspected cases of Rift Valley Fever (RVF), including two deaths in Arb’aat Area, Towashan Village, in El Qaneb locality, Red Sea State...On 13 October 2019, a total of 10 suspected RVF cases were recorded in Barbar and Abu Hamed localities, of River Nile State. Of the 10 suspected RVF cases, five samples were tested and four were found positive for RVF. From 19 September 2019 until 11 November 2019, a total of 293 suspected human RVF cases, including 11 associated deaths have been reported from six states; including the Red Sea (120), River Nile (168), Kassala (2), White Nile (1), Khartoum (1), and Al Qadarif (1) States...The recent floods, following heavy rains on 13 August 2019, caused flash floods in 17 of the 18 states, including Abyei area in West Kordofan State. These floods have favored vector abundance, distribution, and longevity. The current RVF outbreak started on 19 September 2019 and has affected six states impacted by the floods...In a country where export of livestock is one of the major sources of the national income, the current RVF outbreak, in the context of political unrest and a debilitated health system requires an urgent need for external assistance. (WHO, 14 Nov 2019)

The Sudanese Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) has announced an outbreak of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) in the country, with a total of 308 suspected RVF cases—including 11 related deaths—reported in Red Sea (126), River Nile (177), Khartoum (1), White Nile (1), Kassala (2), and Gedaref (1) states. The most affected age group is 15 to 45 years, which accounts for 83 per cent of the total suspected cases. The male to female ratio is 2.6, with a high proportion of the cases being farmers (37.5 per cent) (OCHA, 21 Nov 2019.)

Date: 10 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing

Ghana: Ghana: Floods - Oct 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000135-GHA
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Ghana

Ghana experienced heavy rains combined with water releases from the Bagre Dam in Burkina Faso in early October 2019 which caused serious flooding and extensive damage to farmlands, houses, properties and loss of lives across the country. Between the 6 to 12 October 2019, the Upper East Region, experienced torrential rains which resulted in damaged houses and farmlands leading to displacement of people and fatalities. Local media in Ghana reported that as many as 29 people (to be verified by local authorities) have died in flood-related incidents. Media reports also suggested that between 1,000 and 4,000 buildings have been destroyed or severely damaged, including almost 2,000 in Kassena Nankana Municipal, which includes the town of Navrongo and 830 in Bongo district. Due to the flood situation and the number of people affected by the floods, the Vice President of Ghana has visited he affected areas on 15th October 2019. In comparison to the previous floods (2018) this year has caused more damages in terms of shelter partially, completely destroyed, and loss of household items. (IFRC, 29 Oct 2019)

Date: 06 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing

Ethiopia: Ethiopia: Locust Infestation - Oct 2019

GLIDE number: IN-2019-000149-ETH
Disaster type: Insect Infestation
Affected countries: Ethiopia

A Desert Locust infestation has been ravaging crop and pasture-land, as well as trees and other vegetation since June 2019 in parts of Afar, Amhara, Somali and Tigray regions. The swarms have produced hopper bands that have covered more than 174 square kilometers (in 56 woredas and 1085 kebeles) and are consuming approximately 8,700 metric tons of green vegetation every day...In Afar region, the Desert Locust is spreading to Gewane and Amibara woredas. Over 21,000 hectares (across 15 woredas) was aerially sprayed. (OCHA, 3 Nov 2019)

The Desert Locust (Schistocerca gregaria) infestation in Ethiopia has deteriorated, despite ongoing ground and aerial control operations...Hoppers have fledged, and an increasing number of small immature and mature swarms have continued to devour crop and pasture fields in Tigray, Amhara, Oromia, and Somali regional states. In Amhara, some farms have registered nearly 100 percent loss of teff, a staple crop in Ethiopia. Moreover, eggs are hatching profusely and forming hopper bands in the Somali region, due to the heavy rainfall. The hopper bands recorded to date have covered more than 351 km2 and are consuming at least 1 755 000 MT of green vegetation per day...If not controlled, the Desert Locusts could continue moving within Ethiopia and invade northeast Kenya, the western lowlands and highlands of Eritrea, the Red Sea coastal plains in Eritrea, and adjacent southern coastal areas in Sudan. (FAO, 7 Nov 2019)

Useful Links

Date: 03 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing

Congo: Republic of Congo: Floods - Oct 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000160-COG
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood
Affected countries: Congo

On 3 October, heavy rains resulted in floods in the department of Likouala. As a result of the floods, homes and public infrastructures (schools, health centres, water points, latrines, etc.) have been destroyed leaving the affected population in precarious living conditions and with limited access to health care. Furthermore, the floods have caused significant damage to the agricultural and farming sectors thus pausing a threat to food security. As of 4 November 2019, 17 353 people were affected and 3 913 homes were destroyed. The villages of Liboko, Eboko and Ikpembele were the most affected. Some of the displaced people have moved towards the Democratic Republic of the Congo. (WHO, 24 Nov 2019)

On 21 November, following heavy rains since the beginning of October, the Government declared a state of natural disaster and humanitarian emergency, requesting support from the UN and humanitarian partners. Two departments affected by the floods are located along the Congo River, Plateaux in the centre and the Cuvette in the north. The heavy rains also caused the overflow of the Oubangui River, severely affecting the northern Likouala department. More than 100 villages along the river are severely affected in at least five districts. Preliminary figures from rapid assessments anticipate that more than 110,000 people are affected. (OCHA, 25 Nov 2019)

As of 22 November 2019, an estimated 112 175 people have been affected by the floods, including 60 000 in Likouala (53%), 33 933 in Cuvette (30%), 16 100 in Plateaux (14%) and 2 142 (2%) in Shanga. Refugees constitute one-quarter (26%, n=29 183) of the affected population. (WHO, 1 Dec 2019)

Since October 2019, heavy rains have affected at least 170,000 people in the three most affected departments alone, including 30,000 Central African and Congolese refugees. (OCHA, 10 Dec 2019)

Date: 03 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing