Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

24 de julio de 2021
Erasmus Mundus Master in Public Health in Disasters

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Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre. Facultad de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud. 7ª Planta
Campus del Cristo
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Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

Desastres activos

Sudan: Flash Flood - Jul 2021

Affected country: Sudan
Glide: FF-2021-000090-SDN

Gedaref State: On 21 July 2021, a flash flood affected Al Fao locality in the Gedaref State due to heavy rainfall in the Al Butanah catchment area. According to reports received over 150 houses in village 16, village 14, Al-Abhath, Haj AlSayed, and Tiako villages have been affected by the flooding. No reports of deaths or injuries have been received so far. The main water source in AlFao town and the electric power sub-station of Al Fao locality are overflooded. In addition, three schools, government offices, and the main market area have been affected by the flash flood. The area remains difficult to access given the flood’s impact on the main road between Gedaref city and Harira village within the Al Fao locality. Currently, the resistance committee is conducting headcounts and more information will be shared soon. There are over 333,800 people living in Al Fao locality of whom over 70,100 people are in crisis and above levels of food security, according to Sudan IPC June 2021.

White Nile State: On 21 July 2021, a flash flood in Um-Rimta locality affected an unknown number of households. The floods cut off the Elobeid road which is the main road connecting White Nile with North Kordofan states. No reports of damage have been received so far. The state-level emergency committee held a meeting on 22 July to discuss the situation and more information will be shared soon. The international NGO Plan International and the Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCs) are present in the locality. According to the 2021 Sudan Humanitarian Needs Overview, there are about 176,000 people living in Um-Rimta of whom over 9,200 are under emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels of food security and over 27,400 people are under crisis (IPC Phase 3) levels. (OCHA, 23 July 2021)

Gambia: Windstorm - Jul 2021

Affected country: Gambia
Glide: WV-2021-000080-GMB

Starting on 2nd July 2021, The Gambia has been experiencing a windstorm surge which has, as of 12 July, affected over 16,849 people in more than 100 communities across all seven regions of the country. The situation, which is still unfolding, has caused internal displacement and homelessness. Indeed, over 100 severely injured people have been recorded as a result of fallen walls and trees. On 8 July, the Head of State summoned an emergency meeting while the windstorm was still ongoing, requesting for support from all well-wishers for the affected communities.

As the storm continues, ten deaths have been confirmed as a result of collapsed buildings. According to the Meteorological Department, on 7 July, the windspeed was at 85 km per hour and was the first of its kind to be recorded in the last five years. The unfolding disaster has already caused considerable damage on the lives and livelihoods of the people. Many affected people have “no place to live and nothing to eat” said the Executive Director of National Disaster Management Agency (NMDA) at a press briefing at their head office in Kanifing on 8 July 2021 at 3:00pm, attended by the Gambia Red Cross Society (GRCS) Secretary General and essential staff.

The GRCS, the NDMA and other partners immediately launched a joint rapid assessment which is still ongoing. Preliminary information as of 12 July 2021 from an assessment indicates that more than 16,849 people (approximately 1,057 households) are affected, including more than 1,531 internally displaced persons (IDPs), among whom many are currently being sheltered by relatives and host families. Preliminary information reports the destruction of several houses, schools and health centres and community seed storage facilities in some of the affected villages. However, in the process of developing the Emergency Plan of Action many more reports are indicating a sharp increase in the number of affected people and households throughout the country.

The GRCS has consequently deployed rapid assessment teams to the affected areas/regions. The National Society (NS) is conducting initial distribution of household items to the most vulnerable and dignity packs alongside the assessment exercise.

The Gambia has a sub-tropical climate with sunshine throughout the year with average temperatures between 29°C and 34°C. The rainy season runs from June to September and sometimes beyond. The country has experienced over the past few years extensive downpours causing severe destruction as a result of poor draining systems, afforestation, felling of trees for new settlements (new estate developers) etc., causing floods, destruction and untold suffering. The rainy/farming season has just begun with forecasts indicating intermitted heavy rainfall accompanied by severe windstorms. These imminent precipitations may further complicate the situation and severe consequences on the rural population in particular are expected. (IFRC, 14 Jul 2021)

Philippines: Taal Volcano - Jul 2021

Affected country: Philippines
Glide: VO-2021-000071-PHL

The Taal Volcano in the province of Batangas in Luzon, is placed under Alert Level 3 (magmatic unrest) following a phreatomagmatic eruption that generated a plume of 1 km high at 3:16 pm (UCT +8) on 1 July. This has been followed by four small eruptions of up to 200 metres high in the evening. The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) recommends immediate evacuation within a permanent danger zone due to hazards of eruption and volcanic tsunami. On 2 July, the Batangas Provincial Government reports 3.523 families (14.495 individuals) evacuated from the municipalities of Agoncillo and Laurel. The Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council provides immediate relief to the evacuated residents, while ensuring that health protocols against Covid-19 virus transmission are in place. Early warning information is constantly disseminated through Municipal local government units (ECHO, 2 Jul 2021)

A total of 376 families or 1,495 persons were affected by the Taal Volcano eruption in CALABARZON. There are 330 families or 1,306 persons taking temporary shelter in 12 evacuation centers in CALABARZON. There are 46 families or 189 persons currently staying with their relatives and/or friends. DSWD-FO CALABARZON EOC coordinated with NRLMB for the delivery of 3,500 family food packs (FFPs) and 300 family tents to Batangas Provincial Social Welfare and Development Office (PSWDO). DSWD-FO CALABARZON through its Disaster Response Management Division (DRMD) coordinated with the Logistics Cluster for the provision of appropriate vehicle to transport 500 modular tents to the evacuation centers. (Govt. of the Philippines, 3 Jul 2021)

The LGU has established their pre-emptive evacuation plan for the areas within the seven-kilometre danger zone. More than 1,000 families with 5,000 individuals are expected to be evacuated in several areas and will require necessary assistance for transportation and essential needs. The IFRC Philippines Delegation is supporting the PRC in disseminating updates to the IFRC network in-country and coordinating with the IFRC Asia Pacific Regional Delegation (APRD) in Kuala Lumpur in accordance with the IFRC Secretariat’s Emergency Response Framework. (IFRC, 4 Jul 2021)

In the past 24-hour period, the Taal Volcano Network recorded 17 volcanic earthquakes, including one volcanic tremor event having a duration of 45 minutes, 16 low frequency volcanic earthquakes, and low-level background tremor that has persisted since 08 April 2021. High levels of volcanic sulfur dioxide or SO2 gas emissions and steam-rich plumes that rose as much as 2,500 meters high that drifted southwest, southeast, and north-northwest was generated from the Taal Main Crater. Alert Level 3 (Magmatic Unrest) now prevails over Taal Volcano. At Alert Level 3, magma extruding from the Main Crater could drive explosive eruption. (PHIVOLCS, 5 Jul 2021)

Over the past 24 hours, Taal volcano registered high levels of volcanic sulfur dioxide emissions and steam-rich plumes that rose up to 1,500 metres. More than 3,000 people have been evacuated in 20 evacuation centres and 5,782 people have been affected in 63 Barangays of Batangas Province (Calabarzon Region) as reported by the Department of Social Welfare and Department (DSWD-DROMIC). The alert level of the volcano stands at 3. (ECHO, 7 Jul 2021)

Taal Volcano continues to spew high levels of sulfur dioxide and steam rich plumes, including volcanic earthquakes, in the past days. While alert level 3 remains over the volcano, volcanologists warn that an eruption is imminent but may not be as explosive as the 2020 event. Local authorities have started identifying more evacuation sites to ensure adherence to health and safety protocols. Plans are also underway for the transfer of COVID-19 patients under quarantine to temporary facilities in other areas, while vaccination sites will also be moved outside of the danger zones to ensure continued services. The latest report of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) shows that at least 7,000 people are displaced across Batangas province of which 3,690 are in 22 evacuation centers while the rest are in home-based settings. (OCHA, 9 Jul 2021)

On 12 July, the Taal Volcano Network recorded 171 volcanic earthquakes, including 13 low frequency volcanic earthquakes, 157 volcanic tremor events having durations of 1 to 97 minutes, and low-level background tremor that has persisted since 7 July. High levels of volcanic sulfur dioxide or SO2 gas emissions and steam-rich plumes that rose 1,500 meters before drifting southwest were generated from the Taal Main Crater. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission averaged 6,134 tonnes/day (PHIVOLCS, 12 Jul 2021). As of 18 July, more than 3,500 people are taking shelter in 24 evacuation centers in CALABARZON. (Govt. of the Philippines, 18 Jul 2021)

As of 20 July, a total of 5,710 families or 19,617 persons were affected by the Taal Volcano eruption in 190 Barangays in CALABARZON. There are 1,103 families or 3,839 persons currently taking temporary shelter in 23 evacuation centers; 2,539 families or 8,888 persons are temporarily staying with their relatives and/or friends. A total of 3,642 families or 12,727 persons are displaced. Alert Level 3 (Magmatic Unrest) prevails over Taal Volcano. (Govt. of the Philippines, 20 Jul 2021)

Chad: Floods - Jun 2021

Affected country: Chad
Glide: FL-2021-000084-TCD

On 26 June, the sub-prefectures of Bologo and Dafra, in western Tandjilé, were severely hit by torrential rains: 231 people were wounded and five killed, 4,413 houses were destroyed, 31 schools and health centers were either totally or partially washed away, and 560 animals went missing. Around 20,000 people are now in need of shelter, food and health assistance. The Governor visited the sites on 30 June and held a coordination meeting with local authorities the next day, setting up a provincial disaster management committee. Governmental and humanitarian partners have been called upon to support the response. (OCHA, 9 Jul 2021)

Ennedi-ouest - Severe rain leaves 80 per cent of village damaged and 850 people affected: Through its Emergency Tracking Tool (ETT), IOM reported 120 households (850 individuals) impacted by heavy rains and severe flooding on 7 July, in the village of Wadi-Doum, 215 kms from Faya. The flooding has caused critical damage to homes, businesses and community gardens: all 10 community gardens, which were the community’s main sources of food, were gravely damaged, 120 houses have been flooded, leaving 99 households without shelter. Almost half of all wells -the only water sources in this desert area- were partially damaged and two of the three latrines in the village were completely damaged. Water levels are decreasing slowly but approximately 80 per cent of Wadi-Doum has reportedly sustained serious material damages. (OCHA, 16 Jul 2021)

Tropical Cyclone Yaas - May 2021

Affected countries: Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka
Glide: TC-2021-000058-BGD

The Deep Depression over Eastcentral Bay of Bengal intensified into Cyclonic Storm ‘Yaas’ and lay centred at 05:30 hrs (LT) over Eastcentral Bay of Bengal, about 540 km south-southeast of Paradip (Odisha) and 630 km south-southeast of Digha (West Bengal). In the next 24 hours it is expected to intensify into a Severe Cyclonic Storm and likely to cross north Odisha-West Bengal coasts between Paradip (Odisha) and Sagar islands (West Bengal) around 26 May as a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm with wind speed from 155 to 165 kmph, gusting at 185 kmph. In India, State governments of West Bengal and Odisha, also impacted by TC Amphan in 2020, are on high alert. National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) teams have been deployed. State Government of West Bengal have ordered the evacuation of people from low-lying areas. In Bangladesh, all ports have been advised to hoist distant warning signal number two. Heavy rainfall is expected to hit several parts of the country. A total of 3 million people may be exposed, of which 1 million may observe high impact as of today’s impact-based forecast model. Preparedness and coordination activities are ongoing with civil society and Government authorities, challenged by COVID-19, including in the refugee areas in Cox’s Bazar. In Sri Lanka, Meteorological Department has issued red alert for heavy rains above 150 mm and strong wind up to 55 kmph in southern part (Western, Sabaragamuwa, Central and Southern provinces) of the country. (ECHO, 24 May 2021)

Tropical Cyclone Yaas has formed over the Bay of Bengal from a deep depression and is moving towards the north-eastern coast of India. Yaas is predicted to make landfall over the Indian states of Odisha and West Bengal on 26 May with wind speeds of up to 185 km/h and potential storm surge of more than 3.5 meters along coastal areas of India and Bangladesh. Due to full moon and high tide, the height of the storm surge could increase by an additional one meter or more. Authorities in eastern India are evacuating at least one million people from low-lying areas and areas prone to storm surge and have mobilized rescue and relief teams. While the impact of Yaas is expected to be less severe in Bangladesh, authorities in the Barisal Division are preparing to evacuate about two million people. Disaster Management Committees in coastal districts are preparing cyclone shelters and are pre-positioning emergency supplies. Yaas comes only a week after Cyclone Tauktae battered the western coast of India as the first tropical storm this season. (OCHA 25 May 2021)

Following the passage of Tropical cyclone YAAS that made landfall over the northern coast of Odisha on 26 May, the number of casualties has been increasing. According to media reports, in India, six people have died and approximately 22,000 houses have been damaged across the States of Odisha and West Bengal. In addition, airports in Kolkata and Bhubaneshwar have been temporarily closed and train services were cancelled. In Bangladesh, 15,000 people have been displaced across 200 villages as their homes, shops and farms have been flooded. (ECHO, 27 May 2021)

As of 31 May, in India, an estimated 300,000 houses were destroyed or damaged as sea waters along the Bengal coast and rivers started swelling and breached embankments. In West Bengal, more than 4,600 villages were affected, and about 230,000 people are displaced across 14,000 relief camps. According to authorities in the neighboring state of Odisha, more than 128 villages have been severely affected across ten districts. In Bangladesh, tidal surge combined with the collapse of embankments flooded low-lying coastal areas in the districts of Satkhira, Khulna, Bhola, Patuakhali and Borguna, leaving at least four people dead, displacing about 15,000 people across 200 villages, and damaging or destroying thousands of houses, farm land and fish enclosures. Challenges in maintaining social distancing and limited availability of sanitation facilities in emergency shelters may complicate efforts to halt the surge in COVID-19 cases at a time when the region is battling with another wave of infections. (OCHA, 31 May 2021)

Cyclone YAAS did not directly make landfall in Bangladesh as forecasted. However, coinciding with the full moon, a tidal surge across the coastal belt area resulted in broken embankments in many places and inundated houses and forced people into temporary displacement or living in a marooned situation. According to the Need Assessment Working Group (NAWG) report dated 6 June, the cyclonic event affected approximately 1.3 million people, damaged around 26,000 houses as well as 16,183 latrines and 1,986 water points in 9 coastal districts. The most affected districts are Bhola, Patuakhali, Sathkira, Bagerhat and Barguna. It is also estimated that around 39 percent of croplands have been damaged and 3,599 hectares of prawn and fish cultivation area affected. As of 6 June, according to the control room of the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) and health emergency operation centre (EoC), the number of deaths was three. (IFRC, 25 Jun 2021)

DR Congo: Volcano Nyiragongo - May 2021

Affected country: Democratic Republic of the Congo
Glide: VO-2021-000059-COD

On Saturday 22 May around 18.30 UTC, first news of an eruption of the Volcano Nyiragongo, situated in the north of the city of Goma in North Kivu province, started to appear on media websites. Effusive eruption was quickly confirmed, with reports of power cuts, people self-evacuating and crossing the border to Rwanda. The evacuation plan of the city of Goma was activated by the authorities very quickly. As of today (23/05), it seems that the situation has calmed down and people have been allowed to go back home even so, some seismic activities are still on-going and the potential threats caused by volcanic gas (SO2 and CO2) are not fully averted. A main road north of Goma (N2) has been cut by the lava flows and may have a significant impact on movements towards north. The extent of the damages are not yet known and are being assessed for the time-being. (ECHO, 23 May 2021)

The number of earthquakes detected in the area of Nyiragongo volcano and the deformation rates have decreased slightly since 29 May 2021. However, seismic activity and ground deformation continue to indicate the presence of magma under the urban area of Goma with an extension under Lake Kivu. An estimated 415,700 people have been displaced across several localities in Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and across the border in Rwanda. Authorities and humanitarian organisations are providing help for those most affected. The rehabilitation of the damaged water supply system in Goma is ongoing. The risk of a cholera outbreak remains. Twelve suspected cholera cases were reported in the health centre of Saké between 27 and 29 May. Saké hosts more than 56,000 displaced persons and most suspected cholera cases are among them. (ECHO, 31 May 2021)

It was reported that 288,404 people in Nyiragongo Territory were affected, 32 reported deaths, including 13 people during the evacuation of the city, 14 people burned by the lava and 5 asphyxiated by gases. The DRC North Kivu Branch has received 540 requests for tracing missing children and 40 adults have been reported missing. 1,722 structures have been destroyed, but the number will continue to rise as assessments are completed, and 18km of road cut-off. (IFRC, 1 Jun 2021)

Following the eruption of the Nyiragongo volcano on May 22, Congolese authorities ordered the evacuation of 10 of Goma's 18 neighborhoods. As of June 6, IOM counted more than 400,000 displaced people internally as well as to Rwanda, including 160,000 people who have already returned. Certain businesses and services such as banks are closed and certain markets partially or totally interrupted, which particularly affects the informal sector on which many very poor and poor households depend. Humanitarian actors have provided assistance areas of displacement, but this remains largely insufficient in view of the needs in WASH, shelter and food security in particular. The government recently announced that returns would be organized gradually during the month of June and the various services are expected to reopen in the coming days. (FEWSNET, 8 Jun 2021)

450,000 people were displaced and evacuated after the Nyiragongo volcano eruption. The majority (over 80%) returned to their localities or neighborhoods of origin. 4,051 households are currently living in collective centers and temporary sites (IOM/DIVA). An unknown number are living with host families in Nyiragongo. (IFRC, 8 Jul 2021)

Guyana: Floods - May 2021

Affected country: Guyana
Glide: FL-2021-000066-GUY

On 20 May, media reported severe flooding across Region Nine of Guyana that has affected 15,000 people, with evacuations currently underway for the communities most acutely affected by the flooding. Preliminary infrastructural damage assessments have reported severe damage to roads, cassava farms, as well as food production sites; the full damage assessment has not been possible yet due several main roads remaining underwater. The Civil Defense Commission (CDC) has begun distributing 1,000 hampers of food and cleaning supplies to affected families. Flooding was also reported in Regions Six and Ten, with approximately 30 households affected in Region Six and approximately 200 households affected in Region Ten. Continued rainfall is forecasted for the next several days in the region. (PAHO, 21 May 2021)

On 3 June, media reported that high tides and torrential rains in addition to overflowing rivers and creeks have flooded multiple communities across the country and affected over 6,000 people. Region 6 has been the most impacted with 2,800 people affected, followed by Region 2 with 1,500 affected people, Regions 9 and 10 with 1,000 affected people each, and Region 3 with 600 affected people. Residents of Region 9 are at increased risk of diseases such as malaria, dengue fever, and gastroenteritis. Damage assessments will continue in Regions 7 and 8 today. Many of the affected families have been evacuated and are being housed in temporary shelters or in the homes of families and friends in areas where shelters are unavailable. The Civil Defense Commission (CDC) has distributed over 6,000 cleaning and food hampers countrywide to assist with the crisis. Additional rainfall is expected in the coming weeks and current water levels are expected to remain the same or rise. (PAHO, 4 Jun 2021)

On 6 June, Guyana’s President called attention to the widespread devastation created by extensive flooding and lamented the loss of livelihood and the destruction of houses and farms. The President further explained that hundreds of homes had been ruined while thousands of farms have been obliterated. On 8 June 2021, the Civil Defence Commission (CDC) of Guyana reported that they have distributed almost 30,000 food kits and cleaning hampers across the most affected Regions (Five, Six, Nine, and Ten) and provided shelters for households impacted by flooding in Regions Nine and Ten. As of 10 June, and according to official sources, a total of 34,500 people have been affected (6,900 households) so far. (IFRC, 14 Jun 2021)

Malaysia: Floods - May 2021

Affected country: Malaysia
Glide: FL-2021-000061-MYS

Sabah state in Malaysia had been experiencing heavy rainfalls since 20 May, causing two districts (Beaufort and Tenom) being inundated by floods. The rain was nonstop for a few days resulting in two rivers collision between the Pagalan River and the Padas River. People fled from their homes and evacuated to the temporary shelters. The total number of people affected by flood have reached to 1,552 families (5,782 people) in those two districts. No casualties reported based on the released information from Social Welfare Department (JKM) as of 25 May. The government has opened 39 temporary shelters in these two districts, and provided food, water and blanket to the affected people. Other local NGOs and private sectors also provided water and food for the people in the temporary shelters. Villages affected by the flood have been covered by water since 20 May, and the water was slowly rising due to heavy rainfall up to 26 May in the affected areas. A total of 47 villages in Tenom and 75 villages in Beaufort were affected by the floods. Currently, Malaysia is experiencing a third wave of COVID-19 cases, especially in the past two weeks, with total cases of 549,514 and Sabah state has the second highest number COVID-19 cases in the country with total 61,274 cases as of 27 May. The government recently declared a third full Movement Control Order (MCO 3.0) for the whole country due to the spike of the COVID-19 cases. People in Sabah already has limited access to their livelihoods’ activities due to the MCO, and with the current flood, they were not able to get engaged in their livelihoods’ activities. This has resulted in either no income or reduced income for households in Beaufort and Tenom. Additionally, due to inundation of farmlands, they will not undertake farming activities. (IFRC, 30 May 2021)

Sri Lanka: Floods and Landslides - May 2021

Affected country: Sri Lanka
Glide: FL-2021-000057-LKA

Heavy rain caused flooding and landslides in Western, Central and Southern Provinces of Sri Lanka, resulting in casualties. According to Sri Lanka‘s Disaster Management Centre (DMC), three people died and one has been injured by flood events on 13-14 May. A landslide occurred in Kandy District on 13 May, resulting in two injured people. At least 44,153 people across the aforementioned Provinces have been affected, while up to 618 houses have been partially damaged. On 17-18 May, rain with thunderstorms is forecast over Central, Sabaragamuwa, Uva, Eastern and North-Central Provinces. (ECHO, 17 May 2021)

The southwest monsoon and activation of a depression which was later developed to tropical cyclone “Tauktae” over the southeast Arabian sea triggered heavy rainfall in Sri Lanka from 12 to 14 May 2021. Western, South and Sabaragamuawa provinces of Sri Lanka were worst affected. Sri Lanka’s Department of Meteorology has reported a maximum rainfall up to 336 millimeters in the Western province particularly in Kalutara district. During this period five deaths have been reported in Gampaha, Galle and Kegalle districts. Even though rain has stopped, the affected low-lying areas are still inundated with floods in the nine districts in five provinces and have caused damages to residential areas. Agricultural lands and standing crops have also been inundated and damaged as well as the infrastructures. Sri Lanka Metrological department predicts heavy rainfall on 22-25 May and the possibility of continuation of flooding, which may increase the impact and further exacerbate the situation with further reduction of coping capacity of vulnerable households in the affected areas.According to the Disaster Management Centre (DMC) situation report as of 17 May, 43,701people (11,247 families) have been affected across 9 districts, and 5 deaths were reported. In these districts, 16 houses are fully damaged, and 1,453 houses are partially damaged, and 166 facilities of small and medium enterprises have also been damaged. A total of 29 evacuation centres/Safety locations are activated and 377 families (1,658 people) are located in these centres. Eight road embankment failure incidents were reported from Kegalle District which caused two fatalities. The DMC is coordinating the national response efforts. Water sources of the area have been contaminated due to heavy rain and the overflow of sewerage pits/septic tanks are open to public water facilities. Therefore, DMC reveal that there is a need for drinking water, wells and area cleaning. (IFRC, 22 May 2021)

Due to activation of South-West monsoon winds, very heavy rains were received during 2 June to 5 June, and most parts of the South Western region received more than 300mm rainfall within 24 hours and maximum reported was 346mm in Dummalasooriya on 3 June (Puttalam district). As a result due to heavy rainfall, strong winds and few landslides a total of 245,212 people (60,674 families) got affected in 10 districts, since 2 May. Furthermore, 14 deaths were reported, and two persons suffered minor injuries while two persons were missing due to floods and cutting failures. A total amount of 15,658 people (3,520 families) have been highly impacted and evacuated to 72 safety centres set up to assist the displaced. Most of these safety centres are in the Colombo (32), Gampaha (16), Kalutara (10) and Ratnapura (10) districts. Some 3,397 of these displaced people are residing with relatives or friends houses. (DMC Sri Lanka, 6 Jun 2021)

Heavy rain and strong winds have been affecting parts of western Sri Lanka since 3 June, causing floods and landslides, which have resulted in casualties. According to the Disaster Management Centre (DMC), 17 people have died, five have been injured and two others are missing. More than 66 people have been rescued from flooded areas in Gampaha and Kalutara Districts (Western Province). In addition, about 271,110 individuals have been affected by floods and landslides events, whilst 26,806 people have been displaced to 6,177 evacuation centres. Damage has been reported to about 1,000 buildings. The International Disaster Charter for floods and flash floods was activated on 5 June. Early warnings for landslide events have been issued for Western and Sabaragamuwa (southern Sri Lanka) Provinces, while on 7-8 June, heavy rain is forecast over the same Provinces. (ECHO, 7 Jun 2021)

Heavy rain and strong winds continue to affect particularly western and south-western Sri Lanka, causing floods and landslides, which have resulted in an increased human impact. According to the Disaster Management Centre (DMC), 20 people have died and five individuals remain injured. The number of total affected people stands at 176,419 and up to 7,989 individuals have been displaced to either evacuation centres or relatives' houses across ten Districts of Sri Lanka. Damage has been reported to more than 1,100 buildings. On 9-10 June, heavy rain is forecast over Western, Sabaragamuwa (southern Sri Lanka) and North-western Provinces. (ECHO, 9 Jun 2021)

As of 11 June, floodwater receded considerably, about 90% the families have returned to either their own places or staying with host families. Since 98% houses are partially damaged people prefer to stay in their own places while working on repairs. (IFRC, 28 Jun 2021)

Heavy rain and strong winds have been affecting the Central Province of Sri Lanka, causing floods and resulting in casualties and damage. According to the Disaster Management Centre of Sri Lanka, one person died and another has been injured in Kandy District. In addition, 2,113 people have been affected and 122 houses damaged across the Districts of Kandy and Nuwara Eliya. For the next 24 hours, moderate to heavy rain is expected over the affected Districts. (ECHO, 13 Jul 2021)

Tropical Cyclone Tauktae - May 2021

Affected countries: India, Maldives, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
Glide: TC-2021-000056-IND

A low pressure system over the Lakshadweep archipelago and adjoining Arabian Sea has intensified into Cyclonic Storm “Tauktae”...The storm is predicted to reach the Gujarat coast by 18 May.. Localised floods are already reported in few low lying areas in Kerala causing limited displacement. Local administrations of coastal districts are on high alert and 53 teams of National Disaster Response Forces are on standby. (ECHO, 15 May 2021)

Tropical Cyclone TAUKTAE is strengthening as it moves north over the northeastern Arabian Sea, passing close to the western coast of western India...According to media reports, during the last 48 hours, eight deaths and several thousand have been displaced from Kerala, Karnataka, Goa and Maharashtra. About 440 families in Maldives and 293 families in Sri Lanka also reported affected...Heavy rain and strong winds are expected also across southeastern Pakistan. (ECHO, 17 May 2021)

Tropical Cyclone Tauktae made landfall as a category 3 cyclone on the southern coast of Gujarat on the night of 17 May. Before making landfall, Tauktae brushed India’s west coast over the weekend, causing damage in the states of Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, and Maharashtra. Authorities in affected states evacuated more than 200,000 people from low-lying areas near the coast, including COVID-19 patients in healthcare facilities. In Gujarat, vaccinations were suspended for two days to facilitate evacuations. More than 80 disaster management teams have been deployed to assist district authorities with preparedness and response measures. The Indian navy conducted rescue operations off the coast of Mumbai to save people from drifting vessels. While assessments in Gujarat are ongoing, early reports from the states of Kerala, Karnataka and Maharashtra indicate that at least 23 people have died, and over 3,100 houses have been damaged or destroyed, including at least seven primary health centers. The Inter-Agency Group of Gujarat, a coalition of humanitarian agencies supported by UNICEF, is engaging with the Government of Gujarat for rapid needs assessments and to support the Government-led response. Tropical Cyclone Tauktae comes at a time when India is battling with a dramatic surge in COVID-19 cases since late April and a severe shortage of oxygen and medical supplies. The state of Gujarat alone reported a seven-day average of over 10,000 daily new cases as of 16 May. In total, India has confirmed over 24.6 million COVID-19 cases and more than 270,000 deaths, as of 17 May. (OCHA, 18 May 2021)

Following the passage of Tropical Cyclone TAUKTAE that made landfall over the coast of Saurashtra (southern Gujarat) on 17 May and crossed the States of Gujarat and southern Rajasthan on 17-18 May, the number of casualties and damage has been increasing. According to the National Disaster Management Authority (NDM India), 82 people have died across the States of Gujarat (45), Maharashtra (17), Kerala (9), Karnataka (8) and Goa (3). In addition, 64 people have been injured, 255,758 people have been evacuated, 11,714,481 affected and 55,834 houses damaged. On 19-20 May, moderate to heavy rain is forecast over north-western and northern India including east Rajasthan, Delhi, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. (ECHO, 19 May 2021)

Tajikistan: Floods and Mudslides - May 2021

Affected country: Tajikistan
Glide: FL-2021-000055-TJK

The torrential rains of 7 – 12 May 2021 triggered floods, landslides and mudflows in many of the country’s districts. The largest number of losses and destructions are faced by districts and cities of Khatlon province. Disasters affected following cities and districts: Kulob city and districts of Vakhsh, Jomi, Vose, Shamsiddini Shohin, Yovon, Dusti, Muminobod, Qushoniyon, Dangara and Khuroson. Assessment of the damage is on-going by the authorities. Up to date, assessment reports confirm the destruction of at least 128 houses and significant damage to around 400 houses. Damages caused by disasters to private and social infrastructure have disrupted the livelihoods of over 14,500 people, according to initial estimations. (OCHA/UNCT Tajikistan, 19 May 2021)

The Committee of Emergency Situations and Civil Defence under the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan (CoES) reported the death of nine people caused by the disaster. Preliminary estimates indicate that households were displaced and 907 houses were damaged to different extents. Very modest estimations indicate that the damages to private and social infrastructure caused disruptions to the livelihoods of more than 25,010 people. The floods and subsequent landslides and mudflows affected districts to various extents, causing different levels of damage. Kulob town appeared to be the worst affected area, with the death of 3 people and an estimated 15 streets covered by mud. Up to date, the Government Assessment Teams identified 586 households with different levels of damage. As of 19 May , updated estimates report over 850 households as affected and in need of assistance. Most of the affected population have lost their assets and food stocks, as well as access to clean drinking water, as water supply system has been damaged by the mudflow. Sanitation conditions are severely worsened, as latrines are damaged and flooded. (IFRC, 24 May 2021)

Somalia: Floods - May 2021

Affected country: Somalia
Glide: FL-2021-000051-SOM

Heavy Gu season rains have hit various parts of the country over the last week, triggering flash floods and inundating vast swathes of land, but the short-term forecast suggests the heavy rainfall will begin to subside from mid-May onward. Reports indicate that at least 25 people have been killed due to the heavy rains including nine children who died after their house flooded in Banadir on 7 May, and four people killed by lightening in Puntland on 5 May. In Middle Shabelle region, riverine flooding has affected an estimated 25,000 people in 15 villages in Jowhar, displacing people in eight villages and inundating farms. FAO/SWALIM has warned of the imminent danger of potentially unprecedented flooding expected along the Shabelle river in the coming days and the concern for safety and wellbeing of the people in Belet Weyne and along the river. Reports from Jubaland indicate that the Juba river broke its bank in Doolow, reaching 4.70 metres, which is 0.20 metres above the moderate flooding level, flooding three villages. (OCHA, 9 May 2021)

The recent torrential rains across Somalia affected an estimated 166,000 people. While the rains have reduced in some areas, humanitarian partners are alarmed that Somalia has been hit by a double climate disaster, with drought declared on 25 April and heavy rains last week causing riverine and flash flooding. The seven-day forecast ending 20 May indicates a dry spell is likely across Somalia and in the Ethiopian highlands, which may lead to a reduction of the risk of flooding along the Shabelle and Juba rivers. Humanitarian partners are particularly concerned about areas where the risk of flooding remans, particularly in Belet Weyne in Hiiran region and Doolow in Jubaland where there remains a high-risk level of flooding as the water from Ethiopia highlands stream in. The flood wave from Belet Weyne will be transmitted to the middle and lower reaches towards the end of the week and therefore there is a moderate risk of flooding in these areas during this week. The situation could be further exacerbated by weak river embankments and open riverbanks, which is already causing floods in Jowhar. (OCHA, 17 May 2021)

The ongoing Gu’ rains have significantly reduced with many parts of Somalia receiving below average cumulative amounts over the last week. The latest forecast indicates that the continuation of these rains from late May through June is uncertain. However, the rains received triggered flash floods in some areas and will affect food security and livelihoods, with the 2021 Gu’ season cereal production expected to be 20-40% below average. Humanitarian partners estimate that at least 166,000 people have been affected by flooding since the beginning of the Gu’ season. (OCHA, 26 May 2021)

Afghanistan: Floods - May 2021

Affected country: Afghanistan
Glide: FL-2021-000050-AFG

Heavy rain has been affecting several provinces of Afghanistan, particularly Herat, since 2 May, causing flash floods and floods, and resulting in casualties and damage. The most affected provinces are Herat, Ghor, Maidan Wardak, Baghlan, Samangan, Khost, Bamyan, Daikundi and Badakhshan. According to media reports, at least 25 people have died, hundreds have been displaced and more than 150 houses were destroyed in Herat province. For the next 24 hours moderate to heavy rain is forecast across most parts of northern and central Afghanistan. Heavy rain with thunderstorms and flash floods warnings have been issued across several provinces of central, northern, eastern and western Afghanistan on 5 May. (ECHO, 5 May 2021)

A total of 16 provinces in five regions across the country were affected by consecutive flash floods on 3 May 2021 following heavy rains since 2 May 2021. According to initial reports obtained from Afghan National Disaster Management Authority (ANDMA) and other sources, the death toll has reached to 61 persons while 33 persons sustained injuries. The flood also impacted roads, sub-roads, irrigation system and 100 acres of agriculture land in 16 provinces... Samangan and Herat provinces were the worst affected by devastating floods. Provincial Disaster Management Committees (PDMC) and OCT meetings convened to coordinate assessment and response. Per the initial reports, approx. 4,400 families were affected currently being assessed by joint teams. (IFRC, 16 May 2021)

A total of 7,896 people affected by flood were identified by interagency assessment teams to receive humanitarian assistance in Obe district, Hirat province and Jawand district, Badghis province. Aid agencies will provide food, cash, relief items, emergency shelter and hygiene kits to people in need. Water, sanitation and hygiene partners will support the restoration of damaged water sources in affected areas. (OCHA, 2 Jun 2021)

Rwanda: Floods and Windstorm - Apr 2021

Affected country: Rwanda
Glide: FL-2021-000049-RWA

From 28 April to 2nd May 2021, extensive flooding and mudslides were reported in Burera District due to waterflows and rocks from the volcanoes. The effects of rains and windstorm has also been observed in other districts including Gicumbi and Kayonza Districts as of 30 April 2021. This has led to extensive destruction of houses, crops, latrines, death of livestock, destruction of the roads, and loss of households’ materials and even human death. For Burera District, only one sector is affected, namely Gahunga Sector, with maximum recorded rainfall at 80mm. In Gicumbi Rutare, Rukomo, Byumba, Kageyo, Miyove, Ruvune and Nyankenke sectors; with maximum recorded rainfall 60mm and for Kayonza district: Mwili Sector with maximum rainfall at 53mm. According to the initial assessments conducted by the Ministry of Emergency Management (MINEMA) and Rwanda Red Cross Society (RRCS) from 28 April, it is estimated that more than 6,500 people (1,300 households) have been affected as a result of this flooding accompanied by windstorm. One person is reported to have died in Burera and no injuries reported. A total of 300 hectares of crops have been damaged and, in most cases, destroyed. (IFRC, 14 May 2021)

Suriname: Floods - Apr 2021

Affected country: Suriname
Glide: FL-2021-000068-SUR

In April 2021, increased levels of rainfall across Suriname have led to country-wide flooding. All ten districts of Suriname (Paramaribo, Nickerie, Coronie, Saramacca, Commewijne, Wanica, Para, Marowijne, Sipaliwini, Brokopondo) have reported flooding in most of their communities. On 24 April, local media reported floodwaters in the community of Albina, in Marowijne, reaching knee height. As the persistent rains continued, more regions were impacted. By 27 April, large parts of Wageningen were underwater for days, and the situation worsened when the ring dam between the Nickerie River and Wageningen broke after a rupture. The main areas flooded are in Commewijne, Wanica, Saramacca, and Nickerie. Flooding has also been reported in Marowijne, especially Albina. In the Pamaaka area, the road from Snesikondre to LangaTabiki had become impassable, making the area inaccessible.

Heavy rains and flooding continued throughout May 2021. Visits by the local authorities revealed that many areas had been flooded for weeks and residents saw little to no reprieve from flood conditions. The NS alerted the IFRC to the ongoing situation in Suriname via an initial GO Report posted on 25 May 2021.

To date, while floodwaters are receding in some areas, there are still inundated areas. In some areas, floodwaters have reached window height. Thus far, the National Society has been able to report that 10 families have had to leave their homes in Wageningen and were placed in a school used as a collective centre. (IFRC, 14 Jun 2021)

Tropical Storm Jobo - Apr 2021

Affected countries: Comoros, Madagascar, Seychelles, United Republic of Tanzania
Glide: TC-2021-000036-TZA

A new Tropical Cyclone named Jobo, formed over the south-western Indian Ocean, is moving west-northwest towards the eastern coast of Tanzania. On 21 April at 0.00 UTC, its centre was located approximately 260 km north of Antisiranana City (northern Madagascar) and 250 km east of Assumption Island (southern Seychelles) with maximum sustained wind of 83 km/h (tropical storm). (ECHO, 21 Apr 2021)

The passage of Jobo through the Outer Islands of Seychelles on 21-22 April caused damage to several buildings on Cosmoledo, as reported by media. (ECHO, 23 Apr 2021)

Tropical Storm Jobo made landfall in Tanzania between 24 and 26 April 2021. After TS Jobo made landfall, a total of eight regions have reported heavy rains with strong winds resulting in flash floods causing fatalities and major damage to critical infrastructure and houses. TS Jobo also brought heavy rainfall to Zanzibar Island's coastal and also inland areas. The rain belt has continued into the second week after TS Jobo caused continued rainfall in many parts of the country. The rains have caused massive destruction in the farm fields, and houses were submerged due to heavy downpour. (IFRC, 13 May 2021)

Burundi: Floods - Apr 2021

Affected country: Burundi
Glide: FL-2021-000039-BDI

Lake Tanganyika water level have been rising since February 2021. Heavy rainfall since the start of April has worsened the situation with further rainfall predicted until mid-May. As of 19 April 2021, the level of Lake Tanganyika stood at 776.4 metres above sea level compared to the normal average level of 772.7 metres. From April 12, 2021 in the province of Rumonge households near the shores were flooded. In parts of the lakes, it reported the coastline has expanded 300 to 500m. Houses are flooded, and families forced to leave to evacuation centres or host families. UNOCHA reported around 8,000 families have been affected and 2,000 displaced by flooding in lakeside communities including Bugarama, Kanyenkoko, Muhuta, Nyanza-Lac, Gatumba, Rukaramu, Kibenga, Gisyo and Kabondo. Two casualties have been recorded to date. On 20 April 2021, the Government (through the Meteorological Director General) officially declared the disaster and asked the affected populations to evacuate the flooded areas in the provinces of Rumonge, Makamba in the Nyanza-Lac Commune, Bujumbura Capital and Bujumbura Rural in the Mutimbuzi Commune in the zone of the Gatumba and Rukaramu areas. The Government has asked humanitarian actors to be mobilized to assist the affected people. Rains are expected till mid-May. As the waters continue to rise and the impact of the floods evolves continued assessment is underway by BRCS and other humanitarian partners. In addition, the Government are also considering their response in the short and long term it meets the needs of the affected population living in flood and landslide affected areas. (IFRC, 30 Apr 2021)

The flooding situation due to the overflow of Lake Tanganyika is worsening in Burundi, resulting in displacement. According to UN OCHA, at least 6,400 households (33,982 people) have been displaced, of which 3,041 in Rukaramu area and 3,351 in Gatumba (western Burundi). The Burundi Red Cross is providing help for those most affected and has erected emergency shelters for 467 households. For the next 24 hours, moderate rain is forecast over most parts of the country. (ECHO, 20 May 2021)

Guatemala: Floods and Landslides - Apr 2021

Affected country: Guatemala
Glide: FL-2021-000078-GTM

Heavy rain has been affecting central Guatemala (in particular Quiché Department) since 18 April, causing rivers overflow (particularly La Taña River), floods and landslides that have resulted in evacuations and damage. Media report, as of 26 April, 2,245 evacuated people and 265 damaged houses across Uspantán and Chicamán Municipalities (Quiché Department), due to at least six landslides and a number of floods-related incidents. A number of roads were also reported damaged in the above mentioned Department and across Sacatepéquez Department. (ECHO, 26 Apr 2021)

On 29-30 May, flooding and landslides triggered by heavy rain were registered across several Departments of central and southern Guatemala, as reported by the National Coordination for Disaster Reduction of Guatemala (CONRED). More than 5,000 people have been affected and 65 others evacuated across Quetzaltenango, Guatemala, Huehuetenango and Totonicapán Departments. In Guatemala Department, 20 individuals have been displaced, after 31 houses were damaged by floodwaters. One landslide event caused damage to at least seven houses in Huehuetenango, whilst another landslide in Quetzaltenango has damaged a road, affecting local transportation. Light to moderate rain with thunderstorms is forecast over most of Guatemala on 31 May - 1 June. (ECHO, 31 May 2021)

Heavy rain has affected five Departments of Guatemala (Santa Rosa, Huehuetenango, San Marcos, Suchitepéquez and Jalapa) over the past few days, causing floods, triggering landslides and resulting in casualties and damage. According to [CONRED], 17 people have been evacuated and nine houses damaged. In the Department of Huehuetenango, a landslide blocked the CA-01 road that every day is crossed by approximately 4,000 people. For the next 24 hours, moderate to heavy rain is expected over the central and southern Departments. (ECHO, 9 Jun 2021)

Heavy rain and strong winds continue to affect most of Guatemala over the past few days, causing floods, triggering landslides and resulting in casualties and damage. The most affected Departments are Alta Verapaz, Chiquimula, Huehuetenango, Izabal, Jalapa, Jutiapa, Quetzaltenango, Quiché, San Marcos, Suchitepéquez and Zacapa. According to [CONRED] and the Pan American Health Organisation (PAHO), 189 people have been evacuated, 96,370 affected and more than 90 houses damaged. For the next 24 hours, moderate to heavy rain with thunderstorms is forecast over most parts of the country. (ECHO, 24 Jun 2021)

[CONRED] and WHO PAHO report, as of 6 July, two fatalities, seven injured people, 5,106 evacuated people (of which 343 in temporary shelters) and a total amount of 587,868 affected people across the country. In addition, the same sources report 1,487 damaged houses (of which 59 severely damaged), 88 damaged roads (of which two destroyed) and 14 damaged bridges (of which three destroyed). National response is carried out by CONRED, that have assisted 8,104 people, as of 5 July. (ECHO, 9 Jul 2021)

Yemen: Floods - Apr 2021

Affected country: Yemen
Glide: FL-2021-000043-YEM

Torrential rains and flooding which started in mid-April continued into May; intensified rainfall over the past few days is causing damage to infrastructure, destroying homes and shelter and causing deaths and injuries. Flooding caused multiple large-scale damage in Aden, Abyan, Al Dhale’e, Lahj, Hadramaut, Ma’rib and Ta’iz governorates. While assessments of the damage caused by heavy rains and flooding are ongoing, initial field reports indicate that thousands of families have been affected and the majority of them are in areas occupied by internally displaced persons (IDPs). The Yemen National Meteorological Centre issued flood warnings recently and advised citizens and motorists to exercise caution as the rains are expected to persist in the coming days. Yemen’s rainy season runs from April to August. Needs assessments are ongoing, but initial reports indicate that some 3,730 families (22,380 people) have been affected by the rains and flooding, the majority of whom are internally displaced people (IDPs). (OCHA, 4 May 2021)

The largest flood impact was experienced in Aden, Hadramaut, Hajjah, Lahj, Abyan, Dhamar, Ma’rib and Al Bayda governorates. Field reports indicate that the number of affected families has gone up from 3,730 on 4 May to 6,855 families by 9 May. Most of the affected people are internally displaced people (IDPs) who are living in inadequate shelters. (OCHA, 11 May 2021)

Typhoon Surigae - Apr 2021

Affected countries: Japan, Palau, Philippines
Glide: TC-2021-000040-PLW

As of 1600 HRS 20 Apr 2021, Typhoon Surigae (local name: Bising), continues to maintain its strength as it moves slowly North-Northwestward East of Aurora Province, Philippines. At 1600 HRS today, the centre of the eye was located based on all available data at 475 km East of Baler, Aurora (16.0 °N, 126.0 °E ). Maximum sustained winds of 175 km/h near the centre and gustiness of up to 215 km/h. The typhoon is seen to move generally northward or north northwestward until Thursday (22 April) morning or afternoon. Afterwards, the typhoon will move northeastward away from the landmass of Luzon until Friday (23 April) and east northeastward throughout the remaining forecast period. The typhoon is projected to exit the Philippine Area of Responsibility on Sunday (25 April) morning. Hazards: Heavy rainfall that may possibly cause flooding and rain-induced landslides especially in the susceptible areas, severe winds (destructive up to 110 km from the center), and very rough coastal waters (at most 10m) (source: PAGASA). (ASEAN, 20 Apr 2021)

Typhoon Surigae passed near the eastern seaboard of the Philippines and rapidly intensified from Category 2 to Category 5 in less than 36 hours. Local officials preemptively evacuated about 68,400 residents in the provinces of Catanduanes and Albay, both of which were heavily affected by Super Typhoon Goni in October 2020. Typhoon Surigae was last estimated at 475 km east of Infanta, Quezon with maximum sustained winds of 175 km/h and gustiness of up to 215 km/h. Surigae is not expected to make landfall as it continues to move northward, but strong winds and heavy rainfall over Eastern Visayas and Bicol regions are forecast until 20 April. (OCHA, 20 Apr 2021)

Tropical Cyclone Surigae continued north-northwest and on 21 April at 0.00 UTC its centre was located approximately 295 km east of Palanan Municipality (Isabela Province, northeastern Luzon), with maximum sustained wind of 222 km/h. According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), following the passage of Surigae close to the eastern coast of the Philippines, three people have died, one is still missing and 10 have been injured across the regions of Bicol, Davao, Eastern and Central Visayas. More than 37,000 people have been displaced, of which 15,813 have been sheltered in 236 evacuation centres and almost 230,000 have been affected. Surigae is forecast to continue north-northwest on 21 April and to change direction northeastward over the central Philippine Sea on 22 April. A Typhoon signal 1 is in effect for central and north-eastern Luzon, and flood advisories have been issued for the Regions of Bicol and Eastern Visayas. (ECHO, 21 Apr 2021)

The passage of Tropical Cyclone Surigae over the Philippine Sea continues to affect the eastern coast of central and northern Philippines, resulting in four fatalities and 13 injured people, as reported by national authorities on 22 April. More than 235,750 people have been affected across Cagayan Valley, Bicol, Eastern Visayas and Caraga Regions. Approximately 18,600 persons have been displaced to 252 evacuation centers and additional 24,470 individuals have sought private shelter. Damage has been reported to 1,020 houses, six road sections and one bridge. (ECHO, 22 Apr 2021)

Tropical Cyclone Surigae is now moving eastwards over the Philippine Sea and on 23 April at 0.00 UTC, its centre was located approximately 360 km south-east of Miyako Islands (Okinawa Prefecture), with maximum sustained winds of 148 km/h. Surigae is forecast to move eastwards over the Pacific Ocean, dissipating on 26 April. Red warnings for high waves have been issued for Okinawa Islands, from Miyako to Yoronjima. In the next 24 hours, high waves could still affect northern Luzon (northern Philippines). On 23-24 April, moderate to locally heavy rain is forecast for Okinawa Islands and light to moderate rain with thunderstorms is forecast for northern Luzon, Batanes and Babuyan Islands (northern Philippines). (ECHO, 23 Apr 2021)

As of 25 April, Tropical Cyclone Surigae (locally known as “BISING”) weakens into a Tropical Storm. At 4:00 PM, the center of TS “BISING” was estimated based on all available data at 1,080 km East Northeast of Extreme Northern Luzon. At 11:00 PM, it further weakened as it continued to approach the northeastern Limit of the Philippine Area of Responsibility. A total of 98,546 families or 401,867 persons were affected in 1,134 barangays in Regions Il, V, Vill, and CARAGA. All evacuees had returned home. A total of 4 dead and 13 injured persons were reported in Regions V, VII, VIII, XI. (Govt. of the Philippines, 25 Apr 2021)

Tropical Disturbance (Invest 94W) centered southeast of Yap and Palau on 13 April, upgraded to a severe Tropical Storm 02W (Typhoon Surigae) on the 14 April, and upgraded into Typhoon Surigae on the 16 April until 17 April. Typhoon Surigae passed over the north of Palau closest to Kayangel state with up to 136 kilometers per hour sustained wind speeds, causing heavy rainfall and swells, power outages, disrupted communication services, water cuts and road blockages from fallen debris, and landslides. All 16 states across the main island and the 5 outer islands have been affected. It is estimated 1,500 homes have been damaged and 150 destroyed along with valuable belongings and farming investments. Around 301 people evacuated to 20 safe shelters, with no lives lost. The National Emergency Committee (NEC) estimates damage at USD 4.8 million across sectors (health, infrastructure, education, food security, community/residential dwellings, communications and utilities. The full extent of the level of damage in all 16 states is yet to be known however clean-up efforts have begun and are being locally managed at village and state level. (IFRC, 26 Apr 2021)

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