Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

17 de diciembre de 2018
Erasmus Mundus Master in Public Health in Disasters


Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

Desastres activos

Iraq: Iraq: Floods - Nov 2018

GLIDE number: FL-2018-000414-IRQ
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood
Affected countries: Iraq

Torrential rainfall on 22-23 November caused severe flooding across Iraq, leading to the displacement of thousands of people and multiple deaths and injuries. Ninewa and Salah al-Din are the most heavily affected governorates, with bridges, roads and villages being inundated; damage was also recorded in the southern part of the country. An estimated 10,000 people in Salah al-Din and 15,000 people in Ninewa need assistance, including thousands of families living in IDP camps. (OCHA, 25 Nov 2018)

Assessments by humanitarian actors in Ninewa have identified immediate needs as tent replacement, provision of WASH services, and drainage/clearing operations in the Qayyarah Airstrip camp, Jeddah camps 1 through 6, Salamiyah camps 1 & 2, Hamam Al Alil camp 2 and Nimrud Camp. Food rations and NFI kits are also required as people remain displaced from home. In Salah al-Din, Rapid Needs Assessments have identified immediate needs of food, mattresses, blankets, heaters, medical assistance and cash. There are concerns regarding unexploded ordinance (UXO) in the affected villages, which may affect the humanitarian response. Needs in Salah al-Din are being primarily met by local authorities, I/NNGO partners are the Iraqi Red Crescent. An assessment mission to Al Qurna district in Basra identified very limited casualties and damage attributable to the heavy rains. (OCHA, 27 Nov 2018.)

Date: 22 Nov 2018
Status: Ongoing

Paraguay: Paraguay: Floods - Nov 2018

GLIDE number: FL-2018-000419-PRY
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Paraguay

On 29 October 2018, the Paraguay Agency Information (IP) published an updated report regarding the severe weather situation in the county; at least 2,100 families (an increase of 1,300 families since Friday, 26 October report) were affected due to heavy rain and an overflow of the Paraguay river in Asuncion city. Currently, 65 shelters are providing assistance to affected people. (PAHO, 29 Oct 2018)

In Asunción, 30,225 people (6,085 families) were evacuated to 109 temporary collective centres set up by the Municipality of Asunción and one collective centre managed by the National Emergency Secretariat in a military site in Bañado Tacumbú. On 1 November 2018, the Asunción municipal government declared a 90-day citywide emergency. Over the last few weeks, the number of affected people has increased, and the Paraguayan government has had to evacuate them and install improvised temporary lodgings to house them. The rains are expected to continue, putting those who have chosen to remain in their home at risk and threatening to increase the affected population’s humanitarian needs. To date, there has been 1,561.7 mm of rainfall in the affected area from 1 January 2018 to 23 November 2018, including a sharp increase from October to November 2018; the rainfall total for 2018 is 350.8 mm higher than the yearly average for the affected region. (IFRC, 30 Nov 2018)

Date: 26 Oct 2018
Status: Ongoing

Madagascar: Madagascar: Measles Outbreak - Oct 2018

GLIDE number: EP-2018-000417-MDG
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Madagascar

Madagascar has been experiencing a measles outbreak since early October 2018. The outbreak started in the urban health district of Antananarivo Renivohitra (in the heart of the capital city, Antanarivo) on 4 October 2018 when three measles cases were confirmed at the Pasteur Institute of Madagascar (IPM) by serology. The disease then spread to other health districts (Tanà South, Tanà North and Ambohidratrimo) in Analamanga Region (where the capital city is located) and subsequently to other parts of the country. The Ministry of Public Health formally declared the measles outbreak on 26 October 2018.

As of 18 November 2018, a total of 3 239 measles cases have been reported, of which 182 were confirmed immunoglobulin M (IgM) positive and 3 057 were epidemiologically linked. No deaths have been reported to date. A total of 23 districts (out of 114) in 12 regions (out of 22) are currently in epidemic phase. The urban health district of Antananarivo-Renivohitra is the most affected, accounting for 84% (2 730) of all reported cases. The other health districts with high numbers of cases are Ambatondratrimo (6%, 200), Antananarivo-Atsimondrano (3%, 91). The remaining health districts have fewer cases..The current measles outbreak has occurred at a time when there is some resurgence of plague in the country, straining the public health response system. The ongoing political election, with the risks of social tensions and conflict, has also downgraded the response to these public health events. (WHO, 23 Nov 2018)

As of 26 November 2018, 4104 confirmed cases have been reported (207 lab-confirmed and 3 897 epi-linked) from 31 healths districts in 17 regions. No deaths were reported. The most affected district is Antananarivo Renivohitra with 3 080 confirmed cases. (WHO, 30 Nov 2018)

Date: 26 Oct 2018
Status: Alert

Russian Federation: Russian Federation: Floods - Oct 2018

GLIDE number: FL-2018-000360-RUS
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Russian Federation

Due to heavy rains and storms starting on 24 October 2018, a total of 2,545 houses of Krasnodar Krai (region) of Russia were flooded, affecting tens of thousands of people. With over 200,000 inhabitants living in the disaster-hit areas, the governor of Krasnodar Krai declared a state of emergency on 25 October. The local authorities started the response and relief operation immediately and 600 people were evacuated from the flooded houses. (IFRC, 12 Nov 2018)

Date: 24 Oct 2018
Status: Ongoing

Trinidad and Tobago: Trinidad and Tobago: Floods - Oct 2018

GLIDE number: FL-2018-000194-TTO
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Severe Local Storm
Affected countries: Trinidad and Tobago

On 18 - 19 October, Trinidad and Tobago experienced torrential rainfall, according to Government officials, Trinidad alone received a full month’s worth of rain during the two days. It was estimated 80% of the country was affected by flooding, communities, main roads and public services were affected. On 20 October, the Government of Trinidad and Tobago activated its National Emergency Operations Centre and began assessments. As of now the Government has not requested international support. (OCHA, 23 Oct 2018)

The persistent rainfall has caused flooding in approximately 80 per cent of the country, primarily the north, east and central parts of the island nation such as Sangre Grande, Matelot, La Horquetta, St. Helena, Caroni and Mayaro. There are reports from ODPM and CDEMA’s Situation Report #1 that the flooding has impacted 100,000 to 150,000 people. Additionally, official reports from ODPM and CDEMA indicate that 800 people sought shelter in collective centres during th the peak of the emergency; however, the colletive centre population is decreasing as affected people return home to begin the cleanup process. (IFRC, 29 Oct 2018)

Date: 18 Oct 2018
Status: Ongoing

Yemen: Tropical Cyclone Luban - Oct 2018

GLIDE number: TC-2018-000163-YEM
Disaster type: Flood, Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Oman, Somalia, Yemen

The Very Severe Cyclonic Storm over westcentral Arabian Sea moved northwestwards with a speed of 07kmph during past six hours and lay centered at 1430 hrs IST 10th October 2018 over westcentral Arabian Sea, near latitude 14.4°N and longitude 58.7°E, about 570 km east-southeast of Salalah (Oman), 550 km eastnortheast of Socotra Islands (Yemen) and 730 km east-southeast of Al-Ghaidah (Yemen). (RSMC/India Meteorological Dept, 10 Oct 2018)

Thousands of people have been displaced by Tropical Cyclone “Luban” that made landfall on the coast of Yemen on 14 October. Three people are confirmed dead, 14 missing and more than 100 injured according to the Al Maharah Emergency Operations Room. The cyclone lost strength and has been downgraded to a Tropical Depression as of 15 October. In the last three days, several districts have been flooded following heavy rains, causing a significant number of houses to collapse...Initial needs assessments by Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM) teams indicate that more than 3,000 households have been displaced. This includes 650 households in Al Masilah district, 210 in Sayhut, 200 in Qishn, 250 in Huswain and 2,000 in Al Ghaydah. The number of displaced persons is expected to increase in the coming days when the situation allows more comprehensive and coordinated rapid needs assessments in various affected areas. (OCHA, 17 Oct 2018)

Useful Links

Date: 10 Oct 2018
Status: Ongoing

Haiti: Haiti: Earthquake - Oct 2018

GLIDE number: EQ-2018-000160-HTI
Disaster type: Earthquake
Affected countries: Haiti

A 5.9-magnitude- earthquake occurred on 6 October 2018 at 20:12 Atlantic Standard Time (AST) at a depth of 15.3 kilometres deep. According to the Haitian government’s Technical Unit of Seismology, its epicentre was located at sea in the Turtle Canal, about twenty kilometres west-northwest of Port-de-Paix in the North-West Department. Many aftershocks were felt between Saturday, 6 October 2018 and Monday, 8 October 2018. The DPC reported 17 deaths: 9 in Port-de-Paix, 1 in Saint-Louis North (North-West) and 7 in Gros Morne (Artibonite). Additionally, at least 421 people were injured, and many of them were taken to hospitals in the North-West, Artibonite and North departments for treatment. According to the government’s initial emergency assessments, 31,132 persons need humanitarian assistance due to the partial or total destruction of their houses. In the department of Artibonite, 42 institutional buildings such as schools and churches are either heavily or slightly damaged in Gros Morne, and 4r national and private schools are destroyed in Pilate in the North department. (IFRC, 17 Oct 2018)

Date: 07 Oct 2018
Status: Past disaster

Honduras: Honduras: Floods - Oct 2018

GLIDE number: FL-2018-000164-HND
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Honduras

Heavy rains that started on 4 October in Honduras have caused flooding and landslides across the country. Most damage has been reported in Francisco Morazán, Valle, and Choluteca departments, where a red alert was issued by the government. 12,076 people have been affected by the floods. 963 homes were damaged, including 169 flooded, and nine completely destroyed. Among them, 7,234 people have been evacuated, and 6,789 moved to 78 temporary shelters. (ACAPS, 11 Oct 2018)

Two low pressure systems, one in the Atlantic and the other in the Pacific, caused intense rainfall conditions, flash floods in several communities in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua since 5 October...According to figures of the National Emergency Operations Center (COEN) of COPECO, heavy rainfall left about 25,558 people affected and 9 dead. The number of people in shelter reached to 9,097 (as of October 12, 2,573 people remain in shelters); 11,552 people evacuated, and some 170 schools are damaged, eight bridges were affected as well as 63 roads, ten bridges destroyed, seven water systems damaged; 1,133 houses damaged and another 10 houses destroyed between the municipalities of Francisco Morazán, Choluteca and Valle. About 89 shelters were enabled (as of October 12, 28 shelters remained active), most of them in educational centers in the department of Choluteca, the most affected area...The Government is assisting the affected population and has distributed nearly 80 thousand pounds of food and non-food items and has allocated US $ 500,000 (12 million Lempiras) to attend the emergency. COPECO Maintains distribution and pre-positioning of humanitarian aid to the regional offices in the departments with Red Alert (Valle, Francisco Morazán and Choluteca). The Ministry of Education remain classes suspended within the red alert departments (Francisco Morazán, Choluteca and Valle). The United Nations Resident Coordinator has expressed to national authorities his willingness to support response actions if required. (OCHA, 13 Oct 2018)

Rain continues to fall as a new system is beginning to form. More rain is expected in Honduras over the next 24 hours. The Permanent Contingency Commission of Honduras (COPECO) maintains a yellow alert for Copán, Ocotepeque, Lempira, Intibucá, La Paz, Comayagua, Francisco Morazán, El Paraíso Valle and Choluteca. Authorities continue to provide assistance to 7,728 people affected. (ECHO, 18 Oct 2018)

Useful Links

Date: 05 Oct 2018
Status: Past disaster

El Salvador: El Salvador: Floods - Oct 2018

GLIDE number: TC-2018-000167-SLV
Disaster type: Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: El Salvador

Two low pressure systems, one in the Atlantic and the other in the Pacific, caused intense rainfall conditions, flash floods in several communities in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua since 5 October...Civil Protection reported 15 people injured, six dead, one missing and 768 people in shelters. In addition, 1541 flooded houses and eight houses destroyed, an affected school and three other collapsed walls; eight roads and 13 damaged streets, 120 contaminated wells. (OCHA, 13 Oct 2018)

On October 6, in El Salvador the national Civil Protection System declared a Green Alert for the entire country. On October 7, a Yellow Alert was declared for 29 coastal municipalities, which on October 8 increased to 34 municipalities to include three municipalities in Morazán department and two in La Union department. A Green Alert remained in place for the rest of the country. The rains have affected the entire country. The hardest hit have been the eastern regions, specifically the cantons of El Brazo, La Canoa and El Tecomatal in the municipality of San Miguel; the cantons of San Felipe and Las Tunas in La Unión department; the cantons of Capitán Lazo and Puerto Parada in the municipality of Usulután; as well as the canton of Metalío in Sonsonate department (western El Salvador) and the cantons of San Diego and San Rafael Abajo in the municipality of La Libertad in central El Salvador. It should be noted that these floods have affected the majority of the municipalities located along the country's coast. (IFRC, 16 Oct 2018)

Rain continues to fall as a new system is beginning to form...In El Salvador, Sonsonate is one of the departments most affected. To date six deaths have been reported, 1 546 houses flooded. Rain will continue in coastal areas. (ECHO, 18 Oct 2018)

Useful Links

Date: 05 Oct 2018
Status: Past disaster

Costa Rica: Costa Rica: Floods - Oct 2018

GLIDE number: FL-2018-000165-CRI
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Costa Rica

On 2 October 2018, the IMN warned of a low-pressure system coming in from the south-western Caribbean Sea, which activated an Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone over the country and over the waters of the Pacific (Meteorological Report # 2). On 4 October, IMN detected two other low-pressure systems (Meteorological Report #8), one in the Caribbean near the Nicaraguan coast and another in the Pacific in western Costa Rica, that led to even more intense rainfall and severe weather conditions along the Pacific coast and slightly milder conditions in other parts of the country. Rains of varying intensity fell in Pacific regions and even in the Central Valley. The greatest amount of rainfall was recorded in the Nicoya Peninsula and the Central Pacific, where between 50 to150 mm over a period of 24 hours. 125,190 people were affected by the floods. (IFRC, 15 Oct 2018) .

On 17 October 2018, the Costa Rica National Commission for Risk Prevention and Emergency Care (CNE) reported a red alert for the districts of Lepanto, Paquera, and Cobano in the Puntarenas Canton and Nicoya, Nandayure, Hojancha, Carrillo, and Santa Cruz Cantons, Guanacaste Province due to a tropical wave. Currently, 18 shelters are open and assisting 557 people; the CNE is providing assistance to 193 communities. (PAHO, 18 Oct 2018) .

Date: 05 Oct 2018
Status: Past disaster

Indonesia: Indonesia: Tsunami/Earthquakes - Sep 2018

GLIDE number: EQ-2018-000156-IDN
Disaster type: Earthquake, Tsunami
Affected countries: Indonesia

Sets of earthquakes have struck off Donggala Region, province of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia from 14:00h West Indonesia local time with the strongest magnitude of 7.4 at 17:02h, on Friday, 28 September 2018 and continued with 76 aftershocks ranging from magnitudes of 2.9 to 6.3 afterwards...Initial report from national disaster management agency’s (BNPB) indicates that 384 people died..., 29 people reported missing in Pantoloan Induk Palo, 540 injured and thousands of houses and infrastructure damaged in Palu. (IFRC, 29 Sep 2018)

As of 1 October, 844 people are known to have died and more than 600 people are severely injured. There are currently more than 48,000 displaced people staying in over 200 sites...The Government of Indonesia welcomed specific offers of international assistance that are in line with identified humanitarian needs on the ground. (OCHA, 1 Oct 2018)

Initial reports (as at 3 October, 1300 hrs Jakarta time) BNPB has confirmed 1,234 fatalities with over 632 injuries, 99 missing persons, 152 are requiring immediately rescue efforts. There are currently over 61,867 evacuees being housed in 109 evacuation sites. (AHA Centre, 2 Oct 2018)

As at 4 October, 1300 hrs local time, BNPB confirmed 1,424 fatalities with over 2,549 injuries, 113 missing persons, 152 are requiring immediately rescue efforts. There are currently over 70,821 evacuees being housed in 141 evacuation sites. In addition, 66,238 houses damaged, with 99.2% (65,733) of them located in Central Sulawesi Province...As at 4 October 2018, Government of Indonesia had received offers of assistance from 29 countries, of which 17 countries offered a concrete type of assistance and match the prioritised support. (AHA Centre, 4 Oct 2018)

One week after the devastating earthquake and tsunami in Central Sulawesi, the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) launched a Response Plan, seeking $50.5 million for immediate relief activities...The Central Emergency Response Fund has already allocated $15 million to support the activities included in the Response Plan, and will fund projects in logistics, water and sanitation, camp management, health, shelter, protection, and food security and livelihoods. (UN Resident Coordinator, 5 Oct 2018)

As of 12 October, more than 2,000 people are known to have died and 680 people are still missing following the earthquake and tsunami in central Sulawesi on 28 September. A further 100,000 people have been displaced, including more than 18,000 people who have left Palu, while almost 80,000 people are living in displacement camps. Search and rescue operations ended on 12 October, while the emergency response period has been extended for two weeks until 26 October. (OCHA, 15 Oct 2018)

Around 35,000 families whose houses have been severely damaged need emergency shelter support for a short term. More recent assessment data suggest that the figures may be higher. Thousands of families have lost their homes or sought refuge in safer areas. Initial estimates of the number of people displaced by the disaster stood at around 80,000, but ongoing assessments point to a significantly higher number (UNICEF, 23 Oct 2018).

On 21 October 2018, heavy rains triggered flashfloods in Sigi District, Central Sulawesi Province. These floods occur in the midst of the emergency response to the earthquake, tsunami and liquefaction, and where 220,000 people remain displaced. As of 19 October, more than 2,100 people have died and 680 remain missing following the earthquake, tsunami and liquefaction. An estimated 680,000 houses have been damaged, including many that have been destroyed. (OCHA, 22 Oct 2018)

Most of the health services system in Palu, Donggala and Sigi are operational, moreover, the direction from the central government is to strengthen the primary health care facilities. Emergency Medical Team (EMTs)need to attach with the PHC (primary health care centers) and DHO with PHC coordinate the EMT type-1 mobile to extend the outreach of health services to IDP camp (WHO, 26 Oct 2018)

Following the 28 September earthquake in Central Sulawesi, and the resulting tsunami, liquefaction and landslides, nearly 2,100 people are known to have died, with over 1,000 still missing. According to the first round of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), more than 211,000 displaced people are staying in 980 sites across the three districts of Palu, Donggala and Sigi. Distribution of shelter items is underway, with TNI and IOM assisting with setting up tents for the displaced in all districts. Thousands of people are also believed to have left Sulawesi or found refuge with host families. (OCHA, 29 Oct 2018)

Around 35,000 families whose houses have been damaged need emergency shelter support for a shorter term. More detailed assessments will have to further confirm these estimates. Indonesia’s National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) puts the total cost of material damages at USD 910 million.1 As per latest figures released by BNPB2 , as at 25 October, 2,081 people are known to have died. A further 4,438 people have suffered major injuries. At least 1,309 people have been reported missing. Over 68,000 houses have been damaged. Some 206,494 people have been displaced and are staying in settlements across Central Sulawesi (IFRC, 01 Nov 2018).

As of 6 November, 2,087 are confirmed as dead with another 1,084 still missing. More than 211,000 are displaced across Central Sulawesi, while many others have left the province or are staying with host families. The government-led response continues to cover humanitarian needs while transitioning into the recovery and reconstruction phase. The HCT’s Response Plan, requesting US$ 50.5 million to provide assistance to 191,000 people, is funded at 26 per cent. (OCHA, 12 Nov 2018)

As of 16 November, more than six weeks after the disaster, many needs remain. Priorities include logistics and economic recovery, medical assistance, clean water, sanitation and hygiene, recovery of infrastructure and public services, shelter, protection, including women’s and children’s protection, and education. Humanitarian response has made significant progress in reaching and serving the people in need of assistance. Regional and international agencies continue to support national efforts and leadership. NGOs, the Red Cross and the UN are on the ground augmenting the national response. (IFRC, 16 Nov 2018)

Appeals & Response Plans

Date: 28 Sep 2018
Status: Ongoing

Tunisia: Tunisia: Flash Floods - Sep 2018

GLIDE number: FF-2018-000158-TUN
Disaster type: Flash Flood
Affected countries: Tunisia

Heavy rainfall and flash floods have killed five people and caused damage in Nabeul province in north-east Tunisia. Early response and damage assessment are ongoing. (ECHO, 25 Sep 2018)

On Saturday 22 September, torrential rain hit north-eastern Tunisia’s Cap Bon Peninsula causing water levels to rise 1.7 meters. The storm dumped approximately 200 millimeters (7.9 inches) of rain on Nabeul and up to 225 millimeters in the city of Beni Khaled, in the peninsula’s center, according to Tunisia’s National Institute of Meteorology. This was the heaviest rainfall since the institute began keeping records in 1995. A warning on the storms was issued on September 21st. (IFRC, 4 Oct 2018)

Severe weather, including thunderstorms and heavy rain, has been affecting several northern and central parts of Tunisia causing flash floods. 61 mm of rain were recorded over 24 hours in Siliana City over 17-18 October. According to media reports, as of 19 October, at least two people died, one in Sidi Bouzid governorate and another in Kasserine governorate. (ECHO Daily Flash of 19 October 2018)

Date: 22 Sep 2018
Status: Past disaster

Madagascar: Madagascar: Plague Outbreak - Sep 2018

GLIDE number: EP-2018-000418-MDG
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Madagascar

On 19 August 2018, one suspected case of bubonic plague was reported in Ankazobe, Analamanga region. Subsequently, suspected pneumonic and bubonic cases have been reported in endemic and non-endemic areas of Madagascar. From 19 August to 20 September 2018, 15 cases including 5 deaths have been reported from 7 out of the 114 districts of the country in 5 regions. (WHO, 21 Sep 2018)

Early action is urgently required to avert a greater loss of life due to the plague outbreak ahead of an expected seasonal peak between November 2018 to March 2019. The timing also coincides with a Presidential elections period of October-December which will significantly increases the risk of transmission due to daily meetings of large crowds in all major cities in the country. A number of pneumonic cases have already been recorded in several districts close to the Capital and Pneumonic plague is highly transmissible (person-to-person) and can quickly cause death in the absence of treatment. Since 19 August the cumulative number of confirmed and suspected cases in the country is higher than the average and the maximum of 2012-2016. From August to 05 November 2018, a total of 106 cases of plague have been reported, in 23 out of 114 districts in the country; out of which, 36 are confirmed in 12 districts and 8 regions. To date, 9 deaths (case fatality rate 9.4%) have been registered, among which 6 cases were pneumonic and 4 of bubonic form. It is important to note that all of these deaths occurred in the community, highlighting weaknesses in the early warning system and low community awareness, both of which increase the risk of the outbreak spreading.. (OCHA, 13 Nov 2018)

Due to the need to continue post-epidemic and prevention activities, the IFRC response operation has been extended the first time over 15 months until 31 December 2018 and will be extended over 19 months to cover all period of plague season until the end of April 2019 considered as the end of the plague season. From 19 august to 26 November, 124 cases of plague have been recorded with 91 bubonic form (73.4 %), 31 pulmonary form (25%), 1 septicaemia case and one unspecified. A quarter of the cases a pulmonary originated from the plague form which can be transmitted from human to human and causes an outbreak as it happens last year. (IFRC, 7 Dec 2018)

Useful Links

Date: 21 Sep 2018
Status: Alert

Philippines: Typhoon Mangkhut - Sep 2018

GLIDE number: TC-2018-000149-PHL
Disaster type: Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: China, China - Hong Kong (Special Administrative Region), China - Taiwan Province, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands (The United States of America), Philippines, Thailand, Viet Nam

Tropical Cyclone Twenty Six formed over the North West Pacific Ocean north of Kwajalein (Marshall Islands) on 7 September and started moving north-west toward Guam. (ECHO, 7 Sep 2018) On 9 September at 00.00 UTC, its centre was located at 930 km east of the Northern Mariana Islands and at 1090 km northern-east of Guam, with a maximum sustained wind speed of 120 km/h (Category 1) (ECHO, 9 Sep 2018).

[FEMA] announced that federal emergency aid has been made available to the Northern Mariana Islands to supplement the Commonwealth and local response efforts due to the emergency conditions in the area affected by...Typhoon Mangkhut, from 10 September onward. (FEMA, 10 Sep 2018) Typhoon Mangkhut is the strongest storm to hit the Northern Marianas island of Rota since 2002 (Radio New Zealand Int'l, 12 Sep 2018).

According to the [PAGASA], Typhoon Mangkhut is expected to enter the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) around 14H00, 12 September 2018. It will be given the local name "Ompong." The strength and the size of the typhoon (700-900km wide) is expected to cause substantial damage in communities in the provinces of Apayao, Batanes, Ilocos Norte and Cagayan, and in the Babuyan Group of Islands. Around 2 million people (almost 450,000 households) live in these areas (IFRC, 12 Sep 2018).

The Government of Viet Nam is also preparing for Typhoon Mangkhut as it continues to move westward and likely to make landfall in the country between 17 and 18 Sep 2018 (AHA Centre, 13 Sep 2018).

Typhoon Mangkhut (locally named Ompong) made its landfall in Baggao, Cagayan in the early morning of 15 September and is expected to exit the [PAR] late Saturday night or early Sunday morning. The typhoon has caused landslides, damage to buildings and homes, and intermittent loss of power. According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council, over 58,000 people are displaced, with more than 51,000 in evacuation centres in Region I, II, III, CAR. (OCHA, 15 Sep 2018)

As of 16 September (2 a.m., Manila time), Typhoon Mangkhut...has moved towards Southern China, having exited the [PAR] at 9 p.m. on 15 September. Tropical cyclone warning signals have been lifted, although the Southwest Monsoon may still bring winds and scattered rain over the northern Luzon and Central Visayas region. More than 250,000 people (63,769 families) in 30 provinces across Regions NCR, I, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA and CAR, are estimated to have been affected by the Typhoon...As of 10 a.m., 16 September, over 1,200 evacuation centres in Regions I, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR), and the National Capital Region (NCR) are currently sheltering nearly 138,000 people, while 16,000 people are staying with relatives or friends in Regions I, II, III, MIMAROPA, and CAR. (OCHA, 16 Sep 2018)

An estimated 4.6 million people are living in areas affected by the Typhoon. As of 17 September, 192,840 people are sheltering in 1,899 evacuation centres. (OCHA, 17 Sep 2018)

As of 19 September, more than one million people are affected in Region I, II, III CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, National Capital Region (NCR) and Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR). About 42 per cent of those are located in Region III, while 31 per cent are located in Region I. More than 148,000 people are displaced, with over 61,000 people seeking shelter in more than 471 evacuation centres, and more than 87,000 people staying with host families. Several affected regions continue to experience power interruptions as services are gradually being restored. The number of damaged houses continues to rise as responders reach previously isolated areas and assessment reports come in. (OCHA, 19 Sep 2018)

As of 21 September, more than 1.6 million people have reportedly been affected by Typhoon Mangkhut (locally named Ompong) which made landfall on 15 September. Regions I, II, III and CAR in northern and central Luzon are the most impacted. More than 128,000 people remain displaced, with over 54,000 people seeking shelter in more than 365 evacuation centres, and more than 74,000 people staying with host families. The Government has confirmed 23 deaths. More than 49,000 houses are reported damaged or destroyed, and over 288,000 farmers and fisherfolk severely affected. The national government estimates the total damage to infrastructure and agriculture to exceed PhP17.9 billion (US$340 million). (OCHA, 24 Sep 2018)

As of 27 September, the latest figures from the Department of Health – Cordillera Administrative Region (DOH-CAR) reported 100 deaths from Typhoon Ompong, mainly due to the landslide incident in Itogon, Benguet. There are 39 people who remain missing while 82 were reported injured and treated at the health facilities. A total of 156 local health facilities in Regions I, II and CAR were damaged due to the storm but all are still functioning and able to provide continuous health services to the affected population. (WHO, 27 Sep 2018)

To expedite the early recovery and rehabilitation phase for the affected families of Typhoon Mangkhut (locally named Ompong), the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) has released the guidelines for the implementation of the Emergency Shelter Assistance (ESA) program to assist in the shelter reconstruction of typhoon survivors. The assistance program is expected to provide P30,000 to typhoon victims with totally-damaged houses, and P10,000 to families with partially-damaged houses. As of 4 October, here are 209,908 damaged houses reported in Regions I, II, III, and CAR. (Govt. of Philippines, 4 Oct 2018).

As of 6 October, more than 3 million people had been identified as affected, with over 14,000 people displaced. The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council has confirmed over 70 deaths and more than 130 injured. Over 210,000 homes had been reported as damaged, of which seven per cent (more than 14,000) are completely destroyed. (OCHA, 8 Oct 2018).

As reported, a total of 469,230 people was displaced to 3,678 evacuation centers and 628,006 people displaced to other locations. Those figures have dropped significantly to 897 people still in evacuation centers in Region III, CALABARZON and CAR; while 13,924 people are still displaced in the same regions while staying with host families (IFRC, 24 Oct 2018).

Just a month after Typhoon Mangkhut, Typhoon Yutu (locally known as Rosita) made landfall as a Category-1 storm on 30 October in Dinapigue, Isabela and traversed northern Luzon in a similar path to Typhoon Mankghut. Affected communities starting to recover from Typhoon Mangkhut were again evacuated and disrupted. Local communities of Abra, Cagayan, Ifugao, Isabela and Mountain Province were affected by the repeated displacement. (OCHA, 9 Nov 2018).

Date: 07 Sep 2018
Status: Ongoing

Zimbabwe: Zimbabwe: Cholera Outbreak - Sep 2018

GLIDE number: EP-2018-000150-ZWE
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Zimbabwe

On 6 September 2018, a cholera outbreak was declared in Harare by the Ministry of Health...after confirmation of 11 cases for cholera on rapid diagnostic test kits and the clinical presentation. (WHO, 7 Sep 2018)

Authorities report that the outbreak began on 1 September in Harare and as of that date to 11 September, the Ministry of Health and Child Care reports that there have been nearly 2000 suspected cholera cases, including 58 confirmed cases and 24 deaths.

Glenview, a high density suburb of Harare with an active trading area and a highly mobile population, is at the epicentre of the outbreak. The area is vulnerable to cholera because of inadequate supplies of safe piped water, which has led people to use alternative unsafe supplies such as wells and boreholes. Cases that are linked to the epicenter in Harare have been confirmed in 5 additional provinces.

The Government of Zimbabwe has declared a state of emergency and is working with international partners to rapidly expand recommended cholera response actions, including increasing access to clean and safe water in the most affected communities and decommissioning contaminated water supplies. Authorities and partners are also intensifying health education to ensure that suspect cases seek care immediately and establishing cholera treatment centres closer to affected communities. (WHO, 13 Sep 2018)

An outbreak of cholera declared on 6 September has killed at least 30 people and infected at least 5,460. The most severely affected areas are the two epicentres of the outbreaks in the suburbs of Glenview and Budiriro in western Harare. The outbreak has spread from Harare to Chitungwiza, and west to Gokwe and Bulawayo. Cholera is reportedly spreading to different areas of the country. Poor WASH and health infrastructure are facilitating the rapid spread of the disease. High WASH needs, including clean drinking water, hygiene promotion and temporary sanitation facilities, have been reported. (ACAPS, 18 Sep 2018)

As of 3 October 2018, 8535 cumulative cases, including 163 laboratory confirmed cases, and 50 deaths have been reported (case fatality rate: 0.6%). Of these 8535 cases, 98% (8341 cases) were reported from the densely populated capital Harare...The most affected suburbs in Harare are Glen View and Budiriro. (WHO, 5 Oct 2018)

As of 19 October 2018, a cumulative total of 9 404 cases with 54 deaths (case fatality ratio 0.57%) have been reported from nine provinces across the country. Of the reported cases, 231 are confirmed by culture. Harare (9 096 cases) and Chitungwiza (110 cases) cities in Harare Province have reported the majority of the cases (suspected and confirmed) accounting for 98% of the cumulative cases reported across the country. The most affected areas in Harare City are the densely populated urban suburbs of Glen View (4 154 cases), Budiriro (2 691 cases), Mbare (373 cases) and Glen Nora (297 cases). Other provinces reporting cases include Manicaland Province (100), Bulawayo (38), Mashonaland East province (35), Mashonaland Central province (11), Midlands Province (10), Masvingo (2), atabeleland South (1), and Mashonaland West (1). (WHO, 19 Oct 2018)

The cholera outbreak in Zimbabwe has markedly improved, following strong interventions by the national authorities and partners. However, sporadic cases continue to occur in Harare city, while a new and fast-evolving foci has emerged in Mount Darwin District, which requires urgent attention. The occurrence of poradic cholera cases in Harare city has been dragging on for several weeks and could serve as a potential source of infection to other places, such as the ongoing flare-up in Mount Darwin District. (WHO, 30 Nov 2018)

Date: 06 Sep 2018
Status: Ongoing

Ghana: Ghana: Floods - Aug 2018

GLIDE number: FL-2018-000154-GHA
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Ghana

Since early August 2018, communities in Northern and Upper East regions of Ghana have been affected by heavy and continuous seasonal rainfalls, which was later exacerbated by the annual opening of the Bagre dam gates. Indeed, the Bagre Dam, located in Burkina Faso, caused unprecedented flooding in many local communities, destroying lives and properties. The Bagre Dam spilled on the 31st of August 2018, when the dam reached its maximum spillage level at 235m on that day. However, by the 10th of September, the dam was still spilling, and water level remained at the maximum level of 235m.

The continued rise in water levels resulted in flooding which has affected farmlands, posing threat to lives and properties as the spilled water found its way into the Black and White Volta Rivers, which overflowed into the three regions of the north and the Eastern Region. According to an assessment report by the National Disaster Management Organisation (NADMO), about 11,959.6 Hectares of farmland have been affected by the flooding, posing a food insecurity risk to the affected communities.

The country continues to receive more rains, which contributes to worsening the situation. Several families living close to the banks of the Black and White Volta Rivers, have relocated to other communities for shelter and safety. An initial assessment report produced by NADMO highlights the devastating impact of the floods. Some 23 communities in 2 districts (13 communities in Bakwu West District and 11 communities in Talensi Districts) with a total of 3,556 households (21,336) people have been affected in the Upper East region, whilst in the Northern region 202 communities in 9 districts thus 10,567 people have been affected, leading to a total of 31,903 people (5,317 households) affected in both regions. (IFRC, 26 Sep 2018)

Date: 31 Aug 2018
Status: Past disaster

Madagascar: Madagascar: Drought - Aug 2018

GLIDE number: DR-2018-000141-MDG
Disaster type: Drought
Affected countries: Madagascar

Severe drought conditions during southern Madagascar’s rainy season from November 2017 to April 2018 has led to nearly dry dams in many parts of the south. This dryness has affected livestock’s access to water and pastureland, which has led to poor livestock body conditions as many are subsisting on burnt cactus leaves in the absence of viable pastureland. This has similarly affected crop development, with many areas experiencing failed or near failed harvests. Only Ambovombe commune received favorably heavy rains in July that allowed some farmers to plant new maize and potato crops...Poor and very poor households in MG23 (the Mahafaly plains) in the southwest of Madagascar are experiencing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity because of poor or failed agricultural production and the resulting early dependence on markets for food. In Androy Semi-Arid Cassava, Maize and Livestock (MG 24), food security is deteriorating following the harvest period as stocks deplete and poor and very poor households are currently in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) with the exception of Ambovombe where the situation is better. Food insecurity is less severe in the Southeast (MG 19) and Rice and lima bean (MG 20) which remain in Stressed (IPC Phase 2). The rest of the country remains in Minimal (IPC Phase 1). (FEWS NET, 30 Aug 2018)

According to Crop and Food Security Assessment (CFSAM) of August 2018, rainfall deficits and fall armyworm attacks have had significant impact on food production levels (particularly staple crops such as maize and cassava), compromising access to food for the majority of households...In coordination with the Government of Madagascar and in collaboration with the humanitarian community, WFP’s response plan will focus on providing food and nutritional assistance to the populations that are classified in IPC crisis and in emergency phases from September-December 2018. Out of 1.3 million people who are classified in IPC crisis (3) and emergency (4) phases, WFP aims to provide food assistance and nutritional support to 849,000 people using a combination of food and cash-based modalities. It is expected that other actors in the food security sector (government and NGOs) will provide assistance to 35% of the population in IPC 3 and 4 phases. A second response phase to support drought-affected communities through early recovery interventions is planned for the January-March 2019 period. During both response phases, WFP will work closely with FAO and other food security and livelihoods cluster members to ensure that the assistance provided is complementary. (WFP, 9 Oct 2018)

Poor and very poor households in the Mahafaly plains (MG23) in the southwest continue to experience Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity because of depleted food stocks and assets, and high dependence on markets while prices are increasing drastically. Androy Semi-Arid Cassava, Maize and Livestock livelihood zone (MG24) is in Crisis! (IPC Phase 3!) due to assistance, but food security is deteriorating as the lean season progresses and households are becoming more dependent on wild food consumption. The level of food insecurity is less severe in the Southeast (MG 19) and Rice and lima beans livelihood zone (MG 20), which both remain in Stressed (IPC Phase 2). (FEWS NET, 30 Nov 2018)

Appeals & Response Plans

Date: 30 Aug 2018
Status: Ongoing

Dominican Republic: Dominican Republic/Haiti: Cholera Outbreak - Aug 2018

GLIDE number: EP-2018-000145-DOM
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Dominican Republic, Haiti

In July 2018, the Ministry of Public Health and Epidemiology reported that the Los Pinos Health Center (La Descubierta, municipality) saw an increase in the number of patients with acute diarrhoeal diseases from surrounding communities, which were suspected to be cases of cholera. In August 2018, the Ministry of Health reported that Vibrio cholerae had been identified in samples collected from residents of La Descubierta municipality in the National Public Health Laboratory. The same report also stated that three confirmed cases of cholera in the municipality had been identified. Since the outbreak began in Epidemiological Week (EW) 28 and up to EW 34, 4 confirmed cases of cholera and 91 suspected cases have been identified in the municipality..., in residents of Los Pinos del Edén, Ángel Feliz, the urban area of La Descubierta and Los Bolos. (IFRC, 21 Sep 2018)

The Haitian and Dominican health authorities completed a joint mission in response to the cholera outbreak in the Cornillon/Independencia border zone. They have resolved to develop planned interventions to cope with the epidemic, and to strengthen institutions and health networks along the border. The Haitian Ministry of Public Health reported 3 062 suspected cases of cholera between 1 January and 1 September in Haiti, of which 42% tested positive. (ECHO, 28 Sep 2018)

In Haiti between epidemiological week (EW) 1 and EW 36 of 2018, 3,111 suspected cases were reported (Figure 1), including 37 deaths. The incidence rate for 2018 (until EW 36) is 25.5 cases per 100,000 population, which is the lowest recorded incidence since the beginning of the outbreak. Following the increase in cases that were reported in EW 19, a decrease has been observed, with a weekly average of 35 suspected cases reported over the last 8 weeks (EW 29 to EW 36). The cumulative case-fatality rate (CFR) has remained around 1% since 2011.

In the Dominican Republic, between EW 1 and EW 38 of 2018, 113 suspected cases of cholera were reported, representing an incidence rate of 1.52 cases per 100,000 population; this incidence rate is greater than the incidence rate reported for the same period in 2017 (1.43 cases per 100,000 population). Of the cases reported this year, 77% (n= 87) correspond to an outbreak that affected the province of Independencia between July and August 2018. In 2018, one death has been reported related to the outbreak in the province of Independencia. (PAHO, 11 Oct 2018)

Date: 25 Aug 2018
Status: Past disaster

Democratic People's Republic of Korea: DPR Korea: Floods - Aug 2018

GLIDE number: FL-2018-000144-PRK
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Democratic People's Republic of Korea

On 24 August, Tropical Storm Soulik caused extremely heavy rainfall, resulting in heavy flooding in Kangwon and South Hamgyong provinces. Munchon city was worst affected with 10 reported deaths, 60 persons missing and ongoing search and rescue activities. Over 58,000 people were reportedly displaced from both Munchon city and Kowon city. Many schools and health facilities were destroyed or damaged. The water supply system of Munchon city was destroyed leaving tens of thousands of people without access to safe drinking water. Agricultural land has been damaged or washed away. The government is providing assistance in terms of search and rescue, temporary shelter, and health care. As of 2 September, heavy flooding is reported in North and South Hwanghae provinces. In both provinces there are 76 reported deaths, and 75 people missing. Over 9,000 people are displaced and nearly 1,800 residential buildings destroyed or damaged. A humanitarian assessment is planned for 4 September and will inform the international humanitarian response. (OCHA, 3 Sep 2018)

Red Cross volunteers in [DPRK] are searching for survivors in the aftermath of severe flooding that has killed 76 people in North and South Hwanghae provinces. More than 75 people are still missing, many of them children. Heavy rains in recent days triggered large-scale flooding and land slides in low-lying areas, destroying more than 800 buildings including homes, clinics and schools (IFRC, 6 Sep 2018)

According to Government reports, in North and South Hwanghae, 17,000 hectares of agricultural land has been impacted by the floods. Many of the crops that were washed had been nearing harvest, raising concerns about the negative impacts on food production and people’s longer-term food security. (OCHA, 7 Sep 2018)

As of 7 September, more than 10,600 people remain displaced from their homes following days of heavy rain and flash floods at the end of August...At least 76 people are confirmed to have died and many hundreds more are injured or missing. (OCHA, 10 Sep 2018) Entire communities have been affected, especially those whose houses were close to the river. In Eup Town, Kumchon Country a landslide destroyed several houses and in the nearby valley, over 77 houses were washed away with a significant loss of life. There are indications of other affected villages but as roads are blocked, it is not possible to assess the damage and needs at the moment. The government has provided population figures for the affected counties indicating that a total of 581,268 people are affected – North Hwanghae (308,070) and South Hwanghae (273,198). (IFRC, 17 Sep 2018)

Date: 24 Aug 2018
Status: Past disaster

Armenia: Armenia: Hail Storm - Aug 2018

GLIDE number: OT-2018-000146-ARM
Disaster type: Severe Local Storm
Affected countries: Armenia

On 17 and 18 August 2018, a hailstorm damaged almost all yield capacity in Shirak region of Armenia. According to official data provided by the Government, 11 communities with 2,202 households (approximately 9,900 people) and over 780 hectares of agricultural lands were severely affected out of which 1,143 households from the three most affected communities lost from 80 to 100 per cent of their yield capacity. (IFRC, 8 Sep 2018)

Date: 17 Aug 2018
Status: Past disaster