Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

19 de enero de 2020
Erasmus Mundus Master in Public Health in Disasters


Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

Desastres activos

Zambia: Zambia: Floods - Jan 2020

GLIDE number: FL-2020-000007-ZMB
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood
Affected countries: Zambia

Heavy rainfall has driven riverine and flash floods in Zambia, mainly in the Southern Province, with Gwembe and Siavonga Districts hardest-hit. The flooding has destroyed crops, including maize, especially in Munyumbwe area in Gwembe District, according to the Government’s Disaster Management and Mitigation Unit (DMMU). Some bridges have been submerged in the same area, hampering access. Gwembe District was already facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels of food insecurity due to the worst drought the country has seen since 1981. Last year, the district recorded a 98 per cent reduction in maize production, compared to 2018 and the five-year average. The situation could deteriorate in the days ahead, with Zambia expected to experience heavy rains with the potential for flash floods in ufumbwe, Kasempa, Kabwe, Lusaka, Siavonga, Gwembe and Chipata districts (OCHA, 16 Jan 2020).

Date: 16 Jan 2020
Status: Alert

Pakistan: Pakistan: Cold Wave - Jan 2020

GLIDE number: CW-2020-000003-PAK
Disaster type: Cold Wave, Snow Avalanche
Affected countries: Pakistan

Heavy snow and rain have been reported across Pakistan leading to fatalities and damage. According to media, at least 14 people died as a result of heavy snow in several parts of Balochistan (south-west Pakistan), while five people died due to heavy rain in Rajanpur District (Punjab Province, eastern Pakistan). There are reports that a dam broke in Kech District (Baalochistan), damaging many houses. Several areas remain isolated, rescue and relief operations are hampered by the closure of main roads. A state of emergency has been declared for Mastung, Qila Abdullah, Kech, Ziarat, Harnai, and Pishin districts (Balochistan). (ECHO, 13 Jan 2020)

75 people are dead in Pakistan, 59 after avalanches in AJK and 41 in the Neelam Valley. 53 houses were destroyed across AJK and 64 people injured throughout the country. (ECHO, 15 Jan 2020)

Severe weather, including heavy snow and low temperatures, affected Pakistan (particularly Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Gilgit-Baltistan), causing widespread incidents and fatalities. According to the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), 100 people died, 76 in Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK), 20 in Balochistan, 2 in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and 2 in Gilgit-Baltistan. Moreover, 90 people have been injured and 213 houses have been damaged. National Authorities are providing food and non-food items in the affected areas. For the next 24 hours, low temperatures are forecast in most parts of the country and moderate snow is expected over Gilgit-Baltistan and Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK). (ECHO, 16 Jan 2020)

Useful Links

Date: 13 Jan 2020
Status: Ongoing

Philippines: Philippines: Taal Volcano - Jan 2020

GLIDE number: VO-2020-000002-PHL
Disaster type: Volcano
Affected countries: Philippines

On 12 January around 21:00 UTC, the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology recorded increased volcanic activities generating an eruption plume one kilometre-high accompanied by volcanic tremor and felt earthquakes in Volcano Island and barangays of Agoncillo, in the province of Batangas. The government raised the alert status to Level 3 after the volcano spewed ash in a phreatic eruption. Residents from at least three municipalities of the province of Batangas were evacuated. The Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) in Manila put on hold all departing and arriving flights due to ash fall. (ECHO, 12 Jan 2020)

On 12 January, alert level-4 (hazardous eruption imminent) was raised over Taal Volcano located in the CALABARZON region 70 km south of the capital Manila. The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) raised the alert level a few hours after it raised the alert to level-3 on the evening of 12 January. According to PHIVOLCS, Taal Volcano entered a period of unrest beginning with phreatic or steam-driven activity in several points inside the main crater that then progressed into a magmatic eruption at 2:49 a.m. local time on 13 January. This magmatic eruption is characterized by weak lava fountaining accompanied by thunder and flashes of lightning. Seismic activity was also recorded in Tagaytay City, Cabuyao, Laguna, Talisay, Alitagtag, Lemery and Bauan, Batangas, with over 75 volcanic earthquakes felt at an intensity ranging from II to V as of 5 a,m. that morning. These developments signify likely continuous magmatic intrusion beneath the volcano, which may lead to further eruptive activity. (OCHA, 13 Jan 2020)

As of 15 January, a total of 423 volcanic earthquakes were recorded in Taal region. Of which, 137 were felt, ranging from Magnitude 1.2 - 4.1 and Intensity of I - V. About 44,000 people have been affected, of which at least 40,000 are taking temporary shelter in 189 evacuation centers. If the eruption column remains at 3 km or below, the ash plumes will be drifted to the municipalities southwest of Taal Volcano. However, if a major eruption occurs and the column exceeds 3 km, ash plumes will be drifted over south-eastern portion of Batangas and some municipalities of Quezon, Mindoro, and Marinduque. (Govt. of the Philippines, 15 Jan 2020)

Over the past 24 hours, Taal volcano erupted an ash plume up to 800 meters high. The ash dispersed southwest of the Main Crater but the activity is slightly weakening. A total of 566 volcanic earthquakes have been registered since 12 January. According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), more than 53,000 people have been sheltered in 244 evacuation centres located in the Provinces of Cavite and Batangas and more than 65,000 have been affected. The alert Level 4 remains in effect as well as the mandatory evacuation order for people living in a radius of 14 km from the Main Crater. (ECHO, 16 Jan 2020)

Useful Links

  • Philovolcs Volcano Bulletins - Logo

Date: 12 Jan 2020
Status: Alert

Fiji: Tropical Cyclone Sarai - Dec 2019

GLIDE number: TC-2019-000180-FJI
Disaster type: Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Fiji, Tonga

Tropical Cyclone Sarai, category 2, is located approximately 520 km west-northwest of Tonga as of 29 December 10:00 UTC. Close to its centre, the cyclone is expected to have average winds of up to 120km/h with momentary gusts up to 150 km/h. TC Sarai continues moving at about 8 km/h east-southeast towards Tongan waters on 31 December. Storm and flood warnings have been issued in Fiji with one person reported dead and one missing. It is estimated that over 2,500 people have been moved to 70 evacuation centres. The Tonga Meteorological Service has issued a heavy rain and flash flood warning for the entire country, with expected rough seas up to 4 meters. (ECHO, 29 Dec 2019)

Tropical Cyclone Sarai has been tracking through the provinces of Kadavu and Lau in Fiji as a Category 2 storm since Friday 27th December 2019. As of 30 December, Sarai is projected to move into Ha’apai, Tonga, on the first of January and track towards Niue as a Category 1 storm. In Fiji, about 2,000 people took shelter in about 70 evacuation centres. (OCHA, 31 Dec 2019)

Tropical Cyclone Sarai has gradually weakened and downgraded to a category 1 system. TC Sarai continues to move further away to the far southeast of Fiji. However, a Strong Wind Warning remains in force for land areas of Komo, Kabara, Namuka-iLau, Ogea, Fulaga, Lakeba, Oneata and Moce. (Govt. of Fiji, 31 Dec 2019)

Date: 27 Dec 2019
Status: Ongoing

Philippines: Typhoon Phanfone - Dec 2019

GLIDE number: TC-2019-000176-PHL
Disaster type: Flood, Land Slide, Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: China, Philippines

According to the Philippines Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) Typhoon Phanfone (known locally as Typhoon Ursula) made landfall at 4:45 PM (local time) on Tuesday, 24 December 2019, in Salcedo, Eastern Samar. PAGASA1 reports that Phanfone made landfall with maximum winds of 120 kilometers per hour (km/h) and gustiness of up to 150 km/h ... Strong winds, and storm surges are expected, and rainfall can cause flooding and trigger landslides, resulting in casualties, as well as damages to crops livelihoods, livestock, infrastructure and housing. There are reports of rough sea conditions along the eastern seaboards of the Philippines. Seas will also be rough in the inland waters of Southern Luzon and the Visayas and in the western seaboards of Southern Luzon on Wednesday afternoon. (IFRC, 24 Dec 2019)

There are two dead and four missing in Eastern Samar (15 reported by local media). On 26 December, the typhoon is located at 215 km west-northwest of Coron, Palawan. Phanfone is forecast to remain within the Philippine area by 27 December and be out by 28 December in the morning. The rain continues. (ECHO, 26 Dec 2019)

A total of 28 dead, 2 injured and 12 missing is reported (NDRRMC). During the onslaught of the typhoon a total of 147 cities / municipalities experienced a power outage (31 restored), five government facilities damaged and eight areas reported flooded in three municipalities. Biliran PLGU to declare the entire province of Biliran under the state of calamity. Initial reports at Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (PDRRMC) reports 1,050 families served in evacuation centres. (ECHO, 27 Dec 2019)

According to government reports, Typhoon Phanfone (locally known as Ursula) displaced 174,000 people and has affected 1.9 million people in over 2,300 barangays (villages). Over 65 per cent of the displaced took shelter in 602 evacuation centres, with more than 63,000 people staying with host families or in open areas. The heavy rains and high winds brought by Phanfone have damaged an estimated 378,000 houses, 400 schools, 100 public structures, and 32 health facilities. Government agencies are coordinating the response, distributing pre-positioned food, shelter kits, and relief assistance in affected regions. Priority needs are food, potable water, and shelter assistance to rebuild damaged houses. (OCHA, 30 Dec 2019)

As of 2 January 2020, the government reported 50 dead, 362 injured and 5 missing people in Regions Mimaropa, VI, VII, and VIII. A total of 2,431,821 people were affected in 2,702 barangays, of which 77,989 people are taking temporary shelter in 548 evacuation centers (ECs), while 55,918 people are served outside ECs. (Govt. of the Philippines, 2 Jan 2020)

As of 3 January, over 133,000 people are displaced, of whom 77,800 are taking shelter in 547 evacuation centres and over 55,000 staying with host families or open spaces. The number of displaced is lower than previously reported (145,000 people as of 31 December) as people are gradually returning home to repair their homes and recover from the effects of the typhoon. While classes are scheduled to resume on 6 January after the holiday break, over 440 schools have sustained damage in regions V, VI, VIII, MIMAROPA and CALABARZON, according to the latest National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) reports. Learning materials and school equipment that were washed away, and damage to roofing and electrical wiring in classrooms were due to the heavy to sometimes intense rains, strong winds, and storm surges which brought up to waist-deep flooding in some affected regions. (OCHA, 3 Jan 2020)

As of 5 January, the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) reported 2,825,279 people are affected in 2,923 barangays. There are 71,675 people taking temporary shelter in 526 evacuation centers in Regions VI and VIII, and 56,577 people are currently staying with their relatives and/or friends. (Govt. of the Philippines, 5 Jan 2020)

A week onwards, and the figures continue to rise. Over 3,271,500 people have been affected by Typhoon Phanfone, across more than 3,060 barangays. Approximately 2,760 people are currently taking shelter in 85 evacuation centers in the region. It is estimated that around 34,165 people are staying with relatives and/or friends. Almost 507,000 houses were damaged in the storms. (Govt. of the Philippines, 12 Jan 2020).

Date: 24 Dec 2019
Status: Ongoing

Yemen: Yemen: Dengue Outbreak - Dec 2019

GLIDE number: EP-2019-000178-YEM
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Yemen

A significant increase in dengue cases was observed in the last three weeks of epidemiological reporting (Weeks 47,48,49) in the country and this was further confirmed on the 18th December during the Health Cluster meeting, with 22,003 cases and 60 deaths reported. Children below five years old are 11% of the total caseload and 30% of the total death cases. Dengue outbreaks have affected 174 of 333 total districts (54%) in 22 of 23 governorates of the country. The highest governorates with suspected dengue cases are from Hodeiadah, Taiz, Aden, Hajja and Lahj and death cases reported from Hudaidah, Aden, Hajja, Lahj, Shabwa, Marib and Rayma.1 Most reported cases are concentrated in urban areas. The number of affected governorates is likely to increase due to the collapse of the health system in Yemen, the poor water and hygiene condition in the most affected areas, additionally due to the ongoing complex and protracted conflict, with limited access to humanitarian support to the most vulnerable and affected populations. (IFRC, 26 Dec 2019)

Date: 18 Dec 2019
Status: Ongoing

Indonesia: Indonesia: Floods and Landslides - Dec 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000181-IDN
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Indonesia

Heavy rain in west Sumatra and central Sulawesi have caused floods, resulting in fatalities and damage. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), 2 people died, 60 families have been displaced, 707 people affected and 57 houses damaged following flash floods in Sigi Regency (Central Sulawesi Province). 5,000 people have been displaced and 1,000 homes flooded in South Solok Regency (West Sumatra). More heavy rain is forecast across the affected provinces over the next 24 hours. (ECHO, 16 Dec 2019)

Multiple provinces (North Sumatera, West Java, Bengkulu and Jakarta) in Indonesia has been experiencing flooding starting from 28 December 2019. The floods are affecting the provinces at different scales. The total numbers of people affected have not been confirmed as assessments are ongoing.

In North Sumatera province, flash flooding affected four villages (Pematang, Hatapang, Batu Tunggal and Merbau Selatan) in Labuhanbatu Utara districts. Approximately 229 households (857 people) have been affected. There are four evacuation points in the area, currently occupied by 861 people.

In West Java Province, a river embankment collapsed in Cimareme village, Ngamprah sub-district. Approximately 131 households and 15 houses have been affected according to the Indonesian Disaster Management Agency Provincial Level / Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Daerah (BPBD). Evacuation efforts are ongoing in the area. Most of the affected families are being evacuated to two mosques.

In Bengkulu Province, 138 houses located in the five sub-districts have been affected by floods due to heavy and persistent rainfall on 31 December 2019.

Heavy and persistent rainfall on 31 December 2019 in Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi caused flooding in the areas with Bekasi being the worst affected area. (IFRC, 1 Jan 2020)

As of 2 January 2020, at least 21 people have died. In Jakarta, over 62,000 people have been evacuated to temporary shelters. Indonesia’s government meteorology agency (BMKG) forecasts a further high intensity of rainfall between 11 and 15 January 2020. Indonesia’s National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) is working alongside the army, police, the National Search and Rescue Agency (Basarnas), other ministries and the Indonesian Red Cross to provide emergency response alongside community-based organizations. (ECHO, 2 Jan 2020)

As of 5 January 2020, the authorities reported 60 people have died. At least 495,000 people have been affected by the massive floods, with approximately 100,000 people being displaced in greater Jakarta area. (AHA Centre, 5 Jan 2020)

As of 6 January, disaster management authorities (BNPB) reported that a total of 67 persons have died and 36,000 people remain displaced in at least 127 sites (down from over 100,000 people displaced on 5 January). While flooding has receded in several areas, high rainfall is forecast to continue for the next week. As of 4 January, BNPB had recorded 1,317 heavily damaged houses, 5 severely damaged public facilities, and 24 severely damaged bridges. BNPB has been leading national coordination with other national agencies to support local governments which have mobilized support to affected people by dispatching relief items, deploying personnel, disseminating information, and establishing evacuation centres (OCHA, 7 Jan 2020).

As of 9 January, the Indonesian National Board for Disaster management (BNPB) reported the number of displaced in Bogor Regency (West Java Province) has increased from 12,961 to 14,000 as well as in East Jakarta from 64 to 65 people, while in West Jakarta, has decreased from 602 to 484. The total number of displaced is now 18,870 people. The death toll has been revised to 61. National authorities together with NGOs continue to provide support to those affected. For the next 24 hours, more rain is forecast across the affected provinces and further floods and landslides are expected (ECHO, 9 Jan 2020).

Since the morning of 14 January, floods triggered by heavy rain have submerged Samarinda City (East Kalimantan Province, Borneo Island), 3 districts and 6 subdistricts, affecting at least 7,213 residents. Media reported various districts of the city remained flooded, and several schools, health centers and other public facilities have been damaged. There were no reports of fatalities or injuries. As of 15 January, floodwaters still inundated several areas in Samarinda, with the worst flood recorded in East Bengkuring Sempaja district where the water level reached as high as an adult's waist. Samarinda Disaster Mitigation Agency (BPBD) reported no casualties. Some affected residents had been relocated to a shelter set up by the BPBD, while the rest were taken to the nearest mosque. Several public facilities such as a health center, a district administration office and schools were also affected by the flood. For the next 24 hours, moderate rain is forecast across the affected area (ECHO, 16 Jan 2020).

Date: 16 Dec 2019
Status: Ongoing

Philippines: Philippines: Earthquake - Dec 2019

GLIDE number: EQ-2019-000168-PHL
Disaster type: Earthquake
Affected countries: Philippines

On 15 December at 2:11 p.m. local time, a 6.9-magnitude earthquake struck Matanao municipality in the province of Davao del Sur, Mindanao. This is the fourth quake above magnitude 6 in the last two months to hit this part of Mindanao, all within a radius of 12km ...The October earthquakes partially or totally damaged over 47,600 houses. In Davao del Sur alone 13,200 houses were damaged, out of which 3,200 were destroyed. This number is expected to rise as the assessments of the latest event come in. OCHA analysis indicates there are some 838,000 people living in the area worst affected by all four earthquakes ... Three people have been reported dead and 23 injured, though the number is expected to rise. Authorities struggle conducting search and retrieval operations because of the rains on Sunday night and hundreds of aftershocks that continue to shake the grounds. Padada town, close to the epicenter, already declared the state of calamity. In Hagonoy, at least 660 houses are partially or totally damaged, including a totally damaged hospital. (OCHA, 16 Dec 2019)

As of 17 December, seven died following the 6.8 M earthquake in Davao del Sur Province, Mindanao according to the National Disaster Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC). 48 people are injured, 9,565 are housed in 13 temporary evacuation centres and 9,755 have been affected. At least 55 public buildings, 11 schools and 14 bridges have been damaged. There have been as many as 556 aftershocks, 55 of which were felt by the local population. The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) has issued a severe flood advisory for south-east Mindanao (including Davao del Sur Province), with rain and thunderstorms expected over the next 24 hours. (ECHO, 17 Dec 2019)

According to the National Disaster Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), 9 people are dead, one person is missing and 111 people are injured. 32,000 people are displaced (14,073 in 24 evacuation centres) and 108,471 affected. 14,000 houses, 128 schools and 14 bridges are damaged. (ECHO, 18 Dec 2019)

Four days after a 6.9-magnitude earthquake struck in Matanao, Davao Del Sur in Mindanao, more than 124,000 people need assistance in Region XI (Davao). Over 33,000 people are displaced, of whom nearly 15,000 people are staying in evacuation centres while over 18,000 people are staying with host families. Numbers are expected to rise as local authorities continue to assess damage and validate the number of those affected. (OCHA, 19 Dec 2019)

As of 22 December, national authorities report 13 people have died, 210 injured and one person is missing. A total of 243,765 people have been affected (35,249 in 52 evacuation centers) in Regions XI and XII. 25,311 houses, 397 schools, 25 health facilities, three roads and 14 bridges were damaged. (Gov't of the Philippines, 22 Dec 2019)

As figures continue to be collated from the quake, it has been reported that more than 378,100 people were affected by the earthquake across 207 barangays. Almost 37,000 people are currently taking temporary shelter in approximately 60 evacuation centers. It is estimated that more than 94,000 people have taken shelter with friends and/or relatives. Over 26,000 houses were damaged in the quake. (Govt. of the Philippines, 23 Dec 2019)

As of 29 December, the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) reported a total of 394,355 people were affected by the earthquake incident in 218 barangays in the Regions XI and XII. Over 40,424 people are taking temporary shelter in 102 evacuation centers, and 100,427 people are currently staying with their relatives and/or friends, or in open spaces. More than 37,000 houses were damaged (Govt. of the Philippines, 29 Dec 2019).

The figures begin to slow, and even decline, as the Philippines moves into the new year. It has been found that 397,080 people were affected by the earthquake, across 230 barangays in Regions Xi and XII. Around 39,020 are still taking temporary shelter in almost 90 evacuation centers, while approximately 99,980 are estimated to be staying with friends and/or family. Approximately 47,610 houses suffered damaged from the earthquake, and as such, more than ₱30,722,190 worth of assistance was provided by DSWD to affected families. (Govt. of the Philippines, 13 Jan 2020).

Date: 15 Dec 2019
Status: Ongoing

Somalia: Tropical Cyclone Pawan - Dec 2019

GLIDE number: TC-2019-000165-SOM
Disaster type: Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Somalia, Yemen

The Tropical Storm (TS) initially named SIX that developed in the northern Indian Ocean has now been assigned the name PAWAN after sustaining a speed of more than 39 miles per hour for two days. The probability of the TS landing in the coastal areas of Puntland has increased from (10% TO 35%) over the last two days and is expected to make a land fall in Nugaal region in the next 24 hours.The influence of PAWAN may start being felt in the coastal areas of Bari, Mudug and Sanaag regions in the next 12 hours where moderate to heavy rains and strong winds are expected. The rains will then spread further inland to many areas within Somaliland, Puntland and central regions on 07 and 08 December 2019. (FAO, 6 Dec 2019)

As Pawan turns and tracks towards Somalia, it is expected that the strength will intensify. Under the current conditions, Pawan is expected to make landfall within the next 30 hours and based on the current trajectory, the cyclone will make landfall in Puntland and some parts of Somaliland, namely Awdal and Sannag regions. Strong winds, storm surges and heavy rainfall are expected to cause flooding and trigger landslides, resulting in casualties, as well as damages to crops livelihoods, livestock, infrastructure and housing. Based on the current trajectory, the tropical cyclone could make landfall affecting the Bosaso IDP Camp in Bari Region of Puntland. The total population of the three provinces most likely to be affected is 2.3 million, however it is difficult to estimate the proportion that live on the coast, as some 65% of the population are nomadic. (IFRC, 6 Dec 2019)

Heavy rain in the last 5 days has affected northern, central and coastal Somalia. On 7 December, Puntland coast was affected by Tropical Storm PAWAN and 2 people died following floods in Las Qoray (Sanaag Region). Roads connecting the town to the rest of the region have been damaged. In central Somalia, the overflow of the River Shabelle flooded Afgooye district, displacing over 1,500 people. (ECHO, 10 Dec 2019)

Between 6 to 8 December 2019, TC Pawan caused flash floods and Pawan-related storms in the Puntland. TC Pawan has displaced communities, impacting access to basic health services, which has left affected communities exposed to diseases. The most affected households need urgent humanitarian assistance as they are currently in dire living conditions. Damage was also sustained to IDP settlements, infrastructure and social services such as roads, schools, as well as telecommunication towers and electrical installations. The worst hit areas include Nugaal Region (Eyl and Dangorayo Districts), Karkaar (Qardho District) and Bari Region (Alula, Iskushuban, and Baargaal). Other areas affected include the coastal villages in Bari Region including Hafun, Iskushuban, Baargaal, Quandala and Alula districts. (IFRC, 20 Dec 2019)

Date: 06 Dec 2019
Status: Ongoing

Rwanda: Rwanda: Floods - Dec 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000170-RWA
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Rwanda

On 6th and 7th December 2019, extensive floods were observed along Nyabarongo river and its affluents in Ngororero district, damaging crops in Matyazo, Muhanda, Shyira and Kabaya sectors with maximum recorded rainfall at 60.8mm. For Gisagara district, four sectors were affected, namely Mamba, Gishubi, Kansi and Muganza, with maximum recorded rainfall at 35.6mm. In Rusizi district, the sectors of Bugarama Butare, Gitambi, Gikundamvura, Muganza, Mkungu and Nyakabuye were affected with maximum recorded rainfall at 44.9mm. According to the initial assessments conducted by the Ministry of Emergency Management (MINEMA) and Rwanda Red Cross Society (RRCS) on 7-9 December, it is estimated that approximately 5,360 people (1,072 households) have been affected as a result of these floods. Sixteen people were reported to have died and 33 were injured. In addition, a total of 1,016 hectares of crops grown up in the marshlands and the swamps near the rivers were damaged and, in most cases, completely destroyed. Three water supply systems in Rusizi District (one in Gitambi and 2 in Muganza sectors) were also destroyed. (IFRC, 3 Jan 2020)

Date: 06 Dec 2019
Status: Ongoing

Burundi: Burundi: Floods and Landslides - Dec 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000167-BDI
Disaster type: Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Burundi

In the night of 4 to 5 December, 26 people died and over 500 people were affected by torrential rains and landslides which caused devastation in the northwestern provinces of Cibitoke, Bubanza, and the northeastern province of Cankuzo. The death toll and number of people displaced is expected to rise in the days ahead as further information is received and verified from affected areas. (OCHA, 6 Dec 2019)

On December 5th, torrential rains and strong winds triggered flash floods, mudflows and landslides over at least a dozen hills around Nyempundu, Mugina Commune, Cibitoke Province. A total of 9,935 people has been affected, of which 1,081 (206 households) have been displaced and temporarily relocated in communal spaces (churches and schools) and/or hosted by community members. Twenty-seven (27) people have been reported dead, while ten people are still missing. Seven people have been injured and evacuated to the Cibitoke referral hospital. Six of them have been discharged. Crops have been destroyed, livestock killed, and more than nine water access points have been washed away. (IFRC, 30 Dec 2019)

Date: 04 Dec 2019
Status: Ongoing

Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka: Floods and Landslides - Dec 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000171-LKA
Disaster type: Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Sri Lanka

According to media reports, as of 2 December, at least three people died following a landslide in Walapane Village (Nuwara Eliya District, Central Province). At least 570 people have been displaced in Batticaloa District (Eastern Province) and more than 4,100 people have been affected in Eastern and Northern Provinces as a result of widespread floods. Furthermore, at least 5,000 people experienced power cuts, and several roads have been flooded and blocked. (ECHO, 2 Dec 2019)

As of 2 December, 14,164 people (4,153 families) have been affected (Situation Report, DMC at 1800 hours). There have been five deaths reported with a further five people injured and one person reported missing. Additionally, 259 houses have been partially damaged, but only 6 houses had been fully destroyed. Twenty-nine safety locations have been established in seven districts with 3,149 people (946 families) evacuated into them. (Gov't of Sri Lanka & WFP, 03 Dec 2019)

Thousands of people have been displaced by floods resulting from torrential rains over the past week in Northern and Eastern provinces. In Eastern Province, over 79,000 people have been affected by the floods, while 2,500 people from 800 families have been displaced. In Batticaloa District, over 51,000 people from 15,000 families have been affected due to heavy rains and 2,300 people have been relocated to 15 sites. The Government has allocated emergency funds for the provision of food to the displaced people in displacement sites or temporarily staying with friends and relatives. (OCHA, 09 Dec 2019)

According to the latest report released by Disaster Management Centre (DMC) of Sri Lanka, 8 people died, 3 in Central Province after a landslide, 2 in Eastern Province, and 2 in Uva Province following flooding. At least 9 people have been injured and 4 are missing. Approximately 155,000 people have been affected and at least 1,360 houses were damaged. As of 10 December, there are 4,276 people displaced in 47 evacuation centres. The gates of several reservoirs have been preventively opened and low-lying areas of the Mahaweli River are flooded. (ECHO, 10 Dec 2019)

Approximately 12,000 people from 3,314 families have been affected by the heavy rainfall that is continuing in 13 districts across the island. The DMC said these people were moved to safe locations. According to reports, people living in Monaragala and Puttalam are the most affected districts owing to the prevailing adverse weather. (Gov't of Sri Lanka, 22 Dec 2019)

About 64,608 people (18,840 families) have been affected, with two persons reported dead, 62 houses fully damaged and 1,463 houses partially damaged. In addition, 17,766 people (5,255 families) have been evacuated to the 133 locations set up to assist displaced people. Intense rainfall from the north-eastern monsoon has led to an overflow of most of the water reservoirs and tanks in East, North, North-central and North-western provinces, triggering floods in several villages and affecting over 30,000 individuals. National Building Research Organisation (NBRO) of Sri Lanka had issued a "Level 3 Red Alert" landslide warning for the districts of Badulla, Kandy, Matale and Nuwara-Eliya. (IFRC, 23 Dec 2019)

The government has reported that over 71,000 people have been affected by the heavy rains, flooding and landslides throughout the island, while more than 360 have drowned in the storms. Approximately 6,700 have been evacuated to safety. (Govt. of Sri Lanka, 25 Dec 2019).

Date: 01 Dec 2019
Status: Past disaster

Philippines: Typhoon Kammuri - Nov 2019

GLIDE number: TC-2019-000159-PHL
Disaster type: Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Philippines

According to the Philippines Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) as of 10:00 local time on 29 November 2019, Tropical Storm (TS) Kammuri is approximately 1,430 km east of the southern Luzon, moving northwest. PAGASA reports that Kammuri currently has maximum sustained winds of 140 kph near the centre and gustiness of up to 170 kph. Longer range models predict it could intensify to a category 4 typhoon. On entering the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR), which is estimated between 1 and 2 December 2019, it will be locally named “Tisoy”. (IFRC, 29 Nov 2019)

According to the Joint Analysis of Disaster Response (JADE) conducted by the Pacific Disaster Center (PDC), WFP and OCHA, more than 9 million people are expected to be affected by Typhoon Kammuri and experience moderate or higher wind damage. Out of the total number of people affected, 3 million are living in areas expected to be seriously affected and will likely require humanitarian assistance. Out of those, an estimated 1 million people (about 300,000 children under 15 years; 612,000 adults; 50,000 elderly over 65 years) are considered highly vulnerable based on pre-existing socioeconomic indicators. (OCHA, 2 Dec 2019)

Tropical Cyclone KAMMURI (TISOY in The Philippines) made landfall over the north-east Mindonoro Island, close to Naujan City on 3 December with maximum sustained winds up to 210 km/h. One death has been reported in Bicol Region and around 225,000 people were evacuated across southern Luzon. Schools are closed throughout Manila, as well as Manilla's main airport. Damage was also sustained to Legazpi City airport. KAMMURI will move across north Mindonoro Island with maximum sustained winds up to 155 km/h, before weakening as it reaches the South China Sea. A warning signal level 3 remains in effect over Mindonoro Island and southern Calabarazon. Extreme flood warnings have been issued for Bicol and Eastern Visayas while severe flood warning for north-eastern Mimaropa and central Calabarazon. (ECHO, 3 Dec 2019)

As of 4 December, the media has reported 13 fatalities. In addition, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) has reported that over 495,400 people have been evacuated (of which more than 458,000 have sought shelter inside evacuation centres and over 37,300 are outside evacuation centres). Infrastructure and buildings have also been affected, with reports of almost 40 houses have suffered damage from the storms, in addition to 12 roads and 3 bridges. More than 520 flights have been cancelled, while 865 municipalities have suspended classes. (ECHO, 4 Dec 2019)

While Tropical Cyclone KAMMURI (TISOY in The Philippines) continues to weaken as it moves south-west over the South China Sea, the Philippines has sought to recover from the storms. According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), 34 people have been injured, and almost 8,750 houses have been damaged, in addition to 135 schools. Approximately 20 roads and 20 bridges have been closed. (ECHO, 5 Dec 2019)

According to the NDRRMC's latest bulletin on 9 December, 360,765 families (1,560,463 people) have been affected; of which 18,322 families (80,068 people) are inside 450 evacuation centres, and 3,456 families (15,163 persons people) are outside evacuation centres. A total of 5 deaths and 322 injured persons were reported in Regions CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, V, and VIII. (Gov't of the Philippines, 9 Dec 2019)

The latest bulletin from the Government of the Philippines reported that more than 1,992,100 people across almost 4,200 barangays have been affected by Typhoon Kammuri, with more than 50,000 people being sheltered in approximately 190 evacuation centers. It is estimated that about 8,700 people are currently staying with relatives and/or friends. Approximately 455,820 houses have been damaged from the Typhoon. Almost ₱49,690,000 worth of assistance has been provided for affected families. (Govt. of the Philippines, 12 Dec 2019).

As of 24 December, reports state that more than 2,361,300 people have been affected by Tropical Cyclone Kammuri, in over 4,300 barangays across Regions III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, V, VIII, CARAGA and CAR. Almost 22,400 have taken shelter in more than 90 temporary evacuation centres, while it is estimated that 70 people are currently staying with relatives and/or friends. Approximately 561,850 houses were damaged in the storms. A total of ₱92,686,357.28 worth of assistance has been provided to affected families. (Govt. of the Philippines, 24 Dec 2019).

As of 2 January 2020, the goverment reported 46,286 people taking temporary shelter in 129 Evacuation Centers(ECs), while 70 people are served outside ECs. (Govt. of the Philippines, 2 Jan 2019)

Date: 30 Nov 2019
Status: Ongoing

Albania: Albania: Earthquake - Nov 2019

GLIDE number: EQ-2019-000157-ALB
Disaster type: Earthquake
Affected countries: Albania

The 6.4 magnitude quake struck just before 4 a.m., 34 kilometres northwest of Tirana, Albania’s capital, and has killed 16 people and injured more than 600, according to the government. There are reports of severe damage to infrastructure, and several buildings have collapsed in Thumane and Durres, with people still thought to be trapped inside. (IFRC, 26 Nov 2019)

According to reports from the Albanian Ministry of Defence, at least 21 people have died in Durrës City and Thumanë Town following the 6.4 M earthquake on 26 November. More than 600 people are injured and 1,200 others were evacuated in Thumanë, Tiranë, Durrës, Krujë and Lezhë. Hundreds of buildings have partially or completely collapsed. (ECHO, 27 Nov 2019)

Since the earthquake struck on 26 November, resulting in 51 deaths and up to 750 people injured, the Albanian Red Cross have been continuing to respond to the needs of the people affected. Aftershocks have decreased in magnitude but are still ongoing. As of 14 December, up to 12,181 people were reported to be living in temporary accommodation (excluding those hosted by relatives or friends): 7,383 in tents (a majority of them in spotted tents in rural areas, close to their individual houses), 4,149 in hotels, 395 in community centres and 254 in gymnasiums. As of 17 December, all tent camps have been closed. (IFRC, 30 Dec 2019)

Appeals & Response Plans

Date: 26 Nov 2019
Status: Ongoing

Malaysia: Malaysia: Floods and Landslides - Nov 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000162-MYS
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Malaysia

Significant heavy rains from 26 November 2019 have caused flooding in four states in Peninsular Malaysia, namely, Johor, Kelantan, Pahang and Terengganu. The floods have temporarily displaced about 15,000 families across the country. The situation following the weekend (30 November 2019) saw water level increasing in several affected districts. (IFRC, 03 Dec 2019)

As of 2 December, media report 2 fatalities (1 in Kelantan, and 1 Terengganu). Approximately 12,000 people have been evacuated due to floods and have been accommodated in relief centers. According to Malaysian Drainage and Irrigation Department, the water levels of several rivers have exceeded the danger level in 5 localities. A severe weather warning has been issued for Terengganu, while heavy rains will continue over Terengganu and Kelantan on 2-3 December. (ECHO, 02 Dec 2019)

Floods have affected Johor, Kelantan and Terengganu states, displacing up to 15,000 people primarily in Kelantan and Terengganu. In Sabah, the number of evacuated people from villages in Beaufort and Membakut districts has increased to 377. As of 11 December, they are staying at temporary evacuation centres. The water level still exceeds dangerous levels ... The Malaysian Meteorological Department issued weather warnings on 10 December for Pahang, Johor, Sabah, Sarawak. (ECHO, 11 Dec 2019)

Floods continue to affect Johor, Melaka, Pahang, Kelantan, Terengganu, Sabah and Sarawak states. In Johor, 9,151 evacuees are temporarily housed in relief centres and cooking fuel compromised in remote areas by the floods. The Johor government has allocated RM 1.1 million to help those affected. The federal government has also approved RM 500,000. (ECHO, 16 Dec 2019)

The number of flood affected people in Terengganu and Kelantan, who were evacuated to temporary relief centres, continues to increase following the second wave of heavy rains and floods beginning on 18 December. As of 19 December, the number of flood evacuees in Kelantan rose to 4,065 individuals from 1,205 families. Five rivers in Terengganu have also crossed the danger level, namely Sungai Berang in Menerong, Sungai Telemong in Kuala Ping, Sungai Nerus in Kampung Langkap, Sungai Setiu in Kampung Besut and Sungai Dungun in Kuala Jengai. (ECHO, 21 Dec 2019)

Date: 26 Nov 2019
Status: Past disaster

Djibouti: Djibouti: Floods - Nov 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000156-DJI
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood
Affected countries: Djibouti

Since 21 November, Djibouti has experienced heavy rains which triggered flash floods across the country. In Djibouti city alone, initial estimates indicate that over 30,000-40,000 families (150,000-250,000 people) have been somewhat affected by the floods, and 9 people (7 children) have reportedly been killed. Reports indicate that between 21 and 24 November, almost 300mm of rain were recorded in Djibouti city alone, or over three times the annual average. Dwellings, shops, schools and infrastructure have been damaged. In some neighborhoods, access to electricity was also interrupted. In other areas of the country, damages to roads and flash floods have affected access to several communities, and information available to date indicate that at least 300 families are now in need of urgent humanitarian assistance in Tadjourah region alone. The recently inaugurated Tadjourah-Balho road, and road between Djibouti and Tadjourah suffered severe damages. A bridge in Arta area (PK53) is in danger of collapsing. (UNCT Djibouti/Gov't of Djibouti, 24 Nov 2019)

Some 250,000 people have been affected countrywide (26% of the population), and 150,000 (including migrants and refugees) are in need of immediate humanitarian assistance. In Djibouti city alone, 200,000 were affected (21% of the total population) and 120,000 require immediate relief support. Some 10 people (7 children) have reportedly been killed. Floods also caused widespread destruction of infrastructure, homes and livelihoods. (UNCT Djibouti/Gov't of Djibouti, 05 Dec 2019)

Heavy rains fell between 21 and 28 November 2019 with a peak between 22 and 23 November in Djibouti. The equivalent of two years of precipitation occurred in one day. New rains between 7 and 10 December made access to the affected areas more difficult. 11 people (including 7 children) lost their lives due to flooding and a landslide due to heavy rainfall. (UNCT Djibouti/Gov't of Djibouti, 17 Dec 2019)

Key Content

Date: 21 Nov 2019
Status: Ongoing

Bangladesh: Tropical Cyclone Matmo/Bulbul - Oct 2019

GLIDE number: TC-2019-000147-BGD
Disaster type: Flood, Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam

Tropical Cyclone MATMO formed over the South China Sea on 29 October, moving west-northwest towards Vietnam. On 30 October at 0.00 UTC, its centre was approximately 275 km east-southeast of Quy Nhon City (Binh Dinh Province, central Vietnam) with maximum sustained winds of 65 km/h (tropical storm). (ECHO, 30 Oct 2019)

Tropical depression MATMO was moving into Cambodia from Vietnam on 31 October and is expected to bring heavy rain to the central part of Thailand, where temperatures are also dropping over next few days. Strong winds and heavy rains have resulted in power loss and damaged buildings and houses in the southern central provinces of Binh Din and Phú Yên, Vietnam. The authorities evacuated around 15,000 households to safer places. A considerable rise of the water level of Rivers in Phú Yên, including Cai River have been observed representing a high flooding risk. In Quang Ngãi Province, many houses were damaged and trees were uprooted, particularly in local southern districts. (ECHO, 1 Nov 2019)

The Central Steering Committee for Natural Disaster Prevention and Control of Vietnam reported, that Typhoon Matmo has destroyed 179 houses, damaged 2,314 buildings and 35 schools in the provinces of Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh, Phu Yen, Gia Lai and Thua Thien Hue. As of 4 November, 1 person is reported missing, 14 people have been injured and 20,000 displaced. (ECHO, 4 Nov 2019)

After passing over south-east Asia, Tropical Cyclone MATMO has reformed over the Bay of Bengal. On 7 November its centre was approximately 480 km south-west of Ayeyarwady Region...with maximum sustained winds of 93 km/h...On 7-8 November, rain and thunderstorms are forecast over eastern Myanmar, Andaman and Nicobar Islands (India) and strong winds in West Bengal. Preparedness planning is ongoing in the Cox’s Bazar district in Bangladesh, which hosts close to a million refugees. (ECHO, 7 Nov 2019)

The severe cyclonic storm ‘Bulbul’ has intensified into a very severe cyclonic storm as it moves towards the West Bengal and Bangladesh coast. The system is likely to intensify further before turning north-east across the West Bengal - Bangladesh coast between Sagar Islands and Khepupara, across Sundarbans delta on 10 November with maximum sustained wind speed of 110-120 km/h to 135 km/h. Heavy to very heavy rain and strong winds are forecast over West Bengal and Odisha coasts in India, and Khulna and Barisal divisions in Bangladesh over the next 4 days. (ECHO, 8 Nov 2019)

As of 10 November, the system has weakened to a Cyclonic Storm with a maximum sustained wind speed of 80-90 km/h and centred over Southwestern part of Bangladesh. It is expected to further move northeasterly direction and weaken gradually. (ECHO, 10 Nov 2019)

The number of fatalities in West Bengal State (India) and southern Bangladesh has increased to 20, after Tropical Cyclone BULBUL's passage on 9-10 November. According to media reports, 10 people died in West Bengal, and 2 more deaths were reported in Odisha State (north-east India). Over 26,000 houses were damaged. In Bangladesh, 8 people died, 15 fishermen are still missing, and at least 30 people are injured. More than 17,000 houses have been damaged and river embankments were breached in Barguna district (Barisal Division, southern Bangladesh). Disaster response teams from India and Bangladesh have been deployed to the affected areas and food and relief items are being distributed to the population. (ECHO, 11 Nov 2019)

After Tropical Cyclone BULBUL's passage on 9-10 November, the number of fatalities has increased to 24 (12 in India and 12 in Bangladesh). According to DG ECHO and UN OCHA, 28 people are still missing in Bangladesh, 71 have been injured and 2,106,918 have been evacuated to 5,787 evacuation centres. A total of 50,287 houses have been damaged or destroyed and more than 60,000 ha of crops have been affected. For the next 24 hours, light to moderate rain is expected across South Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram as BULBUL moves slightly east-northeast, weakening to a low-pressure area. (ECHO, 12 Nov 2019)

As of 14 November, the government, media and Bangladesh Red Crescent Society (BDRCS) reported 722,674 people have been affected. More than 150,000 houses have been damaged by the cyclone. Furthermore there are 117,795 hectares of affected crops. Field assessment team confirmed that immediate needs are repairing shelter and provisioning for basic needs assistance. (IFRC, 14 Nov 2019)

Date: 01 Nov 2019
Status: Ongoing

Mongolia: Mongolia: Dzud - Jan 2020

GLIDE number: CW-2020-000004-MNG
Disaster type: Cold Wave, Drought
Affected countries: Mongolia

IFRC released an Early Action Protocol (EAP) to guide assistance efforts for the latter half of 2019. The EAP for dzud covers 21 provinces. It will be implemented by the Mongolian Red Cross Society (MRCS), with technical support from Climate Centre. Early action has the capacity to reach up to 1,000 households or approximately 4,000 people throughout the country. The dzud risk map, which guides aid distribution, is typically published in November (when a solid snow cover is formed) by the National Agency for Meteorology and Environmental Monitoring (NAMEM). 11 different parameters outline risk factors for dzud, including summer conditions, pasture carrying capacity, number of grazers, biomass/1,500 site, anomalous precipitation, anomalous temperature, drought index, snow depth, snow cover, air temperature forecast and precipitation forecast. (IFRC, 16 Aug 2019)

On 2 January, Mongolia's National Agency for Meteorology and Environmental Monitoring announced more than 50 per cent of the country was at risk of an extreme (dzud) winter. This unwelcome news has triggered the pre-agreed release of CHF 210,968 (217,000 US dollars) to the Mongolian Red Cross Society for forecast-based action from IFRC's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF). The funding provides 88 Swiss francs (90.6 US dollars) cash each for 1,000 vulnerable herder families to prevent the starvation, dehydration and cold exposure of their livestock because of poor access to feed, water, veterinary care and shelter. A livestock nutrition kit will support livestock health during winter's lean months. (IFRC, 9 Jan 2020)

Date: 01 Nov 2019
Status: Alert

El Salvador: El Salvador: Floods - Oct 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000136-SLV
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: El Salvador

Heavy precipitation in El Salvador began on 12 October 2019 due to the influence and combination of a lowpressure system. The continual rain led caused rockslides and landslides, as well as falling trees and collapse of slopes, which disrupted transit on highways and roads. Unofficial figures report that at least four people have died following the heavy rain that caused the current flooding and landslides in the country. The heavy rains led to a landslide and 70-metre deep hole in the Santa Lucia, Ilopango municipality in the San Salvador department. Hundreds of people were evacuated. Six homes were destroyed and around 400 others (of which 103 have been declared uninhabitable by Civil Protection) are at risk of collapse. To date, these households have received scarce support to address their short-term housing needs. (IFRC, 28 Oct 2019)

Date: 28 Oct 2019
Status: Past disaster

Kenya: Kenya: Floods and Landslides - Oct 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000138-KEN
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Kenya

Heavy rain has been affecting several counties since last week, causing flash flooding and landslides. According to media reports, as of 24 October, 9 people have died as a result, 4 in Elgeyo-Marakwet County, 4 in Wajir county and 1 in Turkana County. Thousands of people have been displaced and roads and houses have been damaged. (ECHO, 24 Oct 2019)

[H]eavy rain has affected large areas over the last week, causing flash flooding and landslides. The northern and north-eastern counties are most affected; as of 24 October, at least 21 people have died, thousands have been displaced, and houses, roads and other infrastructure have been damaged. The Kenya Meteorological Department has warned of continued, countrywide heavy rain and strong winds over the coming days. Further severe flooding is predicted, particularly along the Tana River. (ECHO, 26 Oct 2019)

Based on data from Kenya Red Cross staff and volunteers a total of 14,083HHs (approx. 84,367 people) have been affected, 21 deaths reported with 2 others injured. The number of displaced households is currently estimated at 6,000HHs. In addition, 531 acres of farmland have been destroyed and 21,675 livestock have been washed away. Assessments are continuously ongoing with a possibility of a significant increase in the number of affected populations. (IFRC, 29 Oct 2019)

Heavy rainfall in many regions of Kenya since the start of the short rains season in early October has led to riverine and flash floods, rock falls, mudslides and landslides. More than 101,000 people have been affected, mainly in the north-eastern, central, and coastal regions, according to the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS). The KRCS has confirmed that at least 14,000 people have been displaced who were living in low-lying areas where rivers have burst their banks. At least 29 flood-related deaths have been reported and the death toll and number of people displaced is expected to rise in the days ahead as further information is received and verified from affected areas.(OCHA, 30 Oct 2019)

43,000 people have been affected in Wajir County (north-east Kenya) and the number of flood-related deaths has increased to 29. Approximately 36,000 people have been displaced, more than 101,000 affected, 52 schools and 14 facilities are inaccessible. Roads are flooded and two bridges damaged, including the main bridge linking Tanzania and Kenya. (ECHO, 31 Oct 2019.)

More than 144,000 people in 25 counties across the country are estimated to be affected by riverine and flash floods, rock falls, mudslides and landslides, according to the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS). The Government’s National Disaster Operation Centre (NDOC) also confirmed that at least 17,000 people have been displaced and 48 died due to the floods. With the current weather forecasts, which predicts heavy rains until the end of November, the NDOC expects these numbers to rise, including affecting 200,000 refugees living in settlements in Dadaab. (OCHA, 5 Nov 2019)

Kenya Red Cross teams in various parts of the country are supporting the evacuation of families to safer areas. Working alongside the Government of Kenya, Red Cross teams are delivering emergency relief items and essential supplies like household and sanitation items in evacuation centres hosting those who have been displaced by the flooding. Areas affected by flooding so far include Marsabit, Wajir, Mandera, Tana River, Turkana, Elgeiyo Marakwet, Kitui, Meru, Kajiado, Nandi, Kwale, Garissa, Muranga and Busia. (IFRC, 25 Nov 2019)

Heavy rain has been affecting western Kenya, triggering landslides that have resulted in casualties and widespread damage. As of 26 November, at least 52 fatalities after major landslides occurred on 24 November in Tapach, Weiwei and Batei Wards Villages (West Pokot County). Around 45 people are reportedly still missing (ECHO, 26 Nov 2019.)

More than 160,000 people, including nearly 18,000 who are displaced countrywide, have been affected by floods or landslides since the onset of the short rains in October, according to the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS). At least 120 people have reportedly died, including 72 people who lost their lives after a landslide buried their houses in West Pokot County in northwestern Kenya, according to the Government. Infrastructure of undetermined value, including roads and bridges, have been damaged, hampering effective humanitarian response efforts in affected areas (OCHA, 27 Nov 2019.)

UNICEF has sent supplies in response to the heavy rains and floods experienced in Kenya since mid-October, bringing relief to around 130,000 affected people. According to the Government spokesman, 330,000 people have been affected, 17,000 displaced and 132 died, due to floods and landslides. Damage to essential infrastructure including roads, schools and health facilities has disrupted access to critical services for children and families. (UNICEF, 4 Dec 2019)

From October to December, Kenya experienced one of the wettest short rains seasons on record, with rainfall totals ranging up to 400 percent of average. A second round of floods and landslides in November caused the death of 132 people, displaced 17,000 people, and affected approximately 330,000 people, primarily in West Pokot. Disruptions to critical transport infrastructure and ongoing delays in the unimodal harvest have reduced the availability of food in markets, sustaining high food prices. In localized areas, crop and livestock losses have been reported. (FEWSNET, 29 Dec 2019)

Date: 24 Oct 2019
Status: Ongoing