Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

21 de noviembre de 2017
Erasmus Mundus Master in Public Health in Disasters

idiomas

Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

Desastres activos

Iran (Islamic Republic of): Iran/Iraq: Earthquake - Nov 2017

GLIDE number: EQ-2017-000165-IRN
Disaster type: Earthquake
Affected countries: Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq

Iran
The 7.3 magnitude earthquake that hit Kermanshah Province, western Iran, on [12 October 2017], has so far claimed at least 407 lives and injured over 6,700 others. The epicenter of the quake was registered at 34.86 degrees latitude and 45.9 degrees longitude, at the depth of 11km, a shallow depth that can cause tremendous damage, in Ozgoleh region in Kermanshah Province. The huge jolt, which rocked western provinces of Iran and areas in the eastern Iraq, was also felt as far as Persian Gulf states Qatar and Kuwait in the south, the Occupied Palestine in the west, and Turkey in the north of the quake-stricken Iran and Iraq. It caused the biggest damage in Kermanshah, Qasr-e Shirin and Sarpol-e Zahab (about 15km from the Iraqi border) cities. (IRNA, 13 Nov 2017)

The deaths toll of the quake in the western part of Iran on Sunday Nov.12, 2017 remains the same as 436 with 7,817 injured. Sheltering emergency phase has been totally completed in affected cities and villages. So far, 664 aftershocks in Kermanshah have been registered, the biggest of which is 4.7 on the Richter scale. (Iranian Red Crescent, 19 Nov 2017)

Iraq
On 12 November 2017 at 21:18 local time (18:18 UTC) northeast Iraq experienced an earthquake in the magnitude of approximately 7.2 – 7.5, according to European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC). The epicenter of this earthquake is located 32kms from the city of Halabja...There have been six reported fatalities and over 500 people injured in Iraq as a result of the earthquake. According to reports, four fatalities and approximately 80 injuries have occurred in Darbandikhan, including two critical injuries. Initial reports suggest the Darbandikhan area has been most severely impacted...The Mosul Dam is reportedly undamaged. However, the Darbandikhan Dam, a multi-purpose embankment on the Diyala river, is being assessed for damage today by the Ministry of Water Resources (MoWR), as local sources report that the dam was impacted by the landslides that that pushed heavy rocks and rubble onto the dam’s spillway. (OCHA, 13 Nov 2017)

There have been nine reported fatalities and over 550 people injured in Iraq as a result of the earthquake, according to the Kurdish Regional Government (KRG). The Darbandikhan areas has been most severely impacted, with most earthquake related injuries reported in Darbandikhan, Halabja, and Garmyan districts. Many houses in the areas of Darbandikhan, Maidan, Qurato and Bamo have been damaged, and some have been destroyed...According to the KRG, the situation has stabilized and is now under control. The KRG reports that it is sending assistance to the affected families and providing food, shelter and medical assistance. A small United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) team that is highly specialized in natural disaster management will arrive tomorrow in support of the response efforts of the authorities. (OCHA, 14 Nov 2017)


Date: 12 Nov 2017
Status: Ongoing

Viet Nam: Typhoon Damrey - Nov 2017

GLIDE number: TC-2017-000159-VNM
Disaster type: Flood, Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Viet Nam

As of 5 November, Typhoon Damrey caused 29 deaths, destroyed 600 houses and damaged nearly 40,000 houses after hitting 10 provinces and the city of Danang on 4 November. National authorities have instructed all central and provincial agencies to scale up search and rescue and relief operations and to quickly restore damaged infrastructures. (OCHA, 4 Nov 2017)

According to the latest information from National Steering Committee for Natural Disaster Prevention and Control (NCDPC), as of 7 November 2017, 69 people died and 30 people missing. The typhoon has destroyed nearly 1,500 houses and around 120,000 houses are partially damaged. More than 36,000 people in the coastal Can Gio district of Ho Chi Min city were evacuated. Up to 1,300 transport and fishing boats were damaged and sunk. The storm submerged 5,296 hectares of paddy and nearly 15,000 hectares of vegetables and fruits. The hardest hit regions include the south-central provinces of Khánh Hoa, Phú Yên, and Binh Định, the Central Highlands provinces of Đăk Lắk, Gia Lai, Đăk Nông and Lâm Đông, and the central provinces of Quảng Nam and Quảng Ngai. All of Phú Yên Province and Khánh Hoa Province except for Nha Trang City; and all of Binh Định Province other than Tam Quan District suffered from total blackouts. Parts of Đắk Lắk, Kon Tum, Đắk Nông and Quảng Ngãi provinces shared the same North to South. According to the Chief of Office of the National Search and Rescue Committee, Typhoon Damrey was the strongest storm to make landfall in Khánh Hòa Province and the south-central region in the last 20 years. The recorded danger level of Damrey was higher than that of Typhoon Doksuri which pummelled the central region in September this year. (IFRC, 7 Nov 2017)

On 8 November, the Government issued a request for international humanitarian support from UN agencies, INGOs and Development Partners.

As of 11 November 2017, more than 35,000 people have been evacuated, 104 people have been killed, including 28 women, and 19 more are still missing. The most affected provinces, including in the South-Central regions (Khánh Hòa, Phú Yên, Bình Ðịnh, and Quảng Ngãi) and Central regions (Thừa Thiên-Huế, Quảng Nam, and Da Nang), show high numbers of deaths and missing people, seriously damaged infrastructure, collapsed/roofless/broken houses, and destruction of 33,153 hectares of crops, including 9,163 hectares of rice, 20,783 hectares of vegetables, and 69,900 agriculture cages. (UNCT, 11 Nov 2017)

As of 14 November 2017, approximately 395,000 people are thought to require assistance across Viet Nam following disruption by Typhoon Damrey. More than 141,100 houses are recorded as collapsed or damaged. (ASEAN, 14 Nov 2017)


Date: 04 Nov 2017
Status: Ongoing

Malaysia: Malaysia: Flash Floods - Nov 2017

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000166-MYS
Disaster type: Flash Flood
Affected countries: Malaysia

At least seven people were killed and more than 3,500 people were evacuated in Penang following severe flash floods caused by an 18-hour storm which began on 4 November. The police and military are supporting state authorities with the ongoing relief efforts. International assistance has not been requested. The flooding in Penang is reportedly one of the worst since prolonged storms hit Malaysia from December 2014 to January 2015, which caused 21 deaths and displaced 200,000 people. (OCHA, 06 Nov 2017)

Heavy flooding due to continuous downpour and strong winds has forced 7,910 evacuees to remain in several relief centres in Penang and Kedah. In Kedah, 17 relief centres are still operational in 5 districts while Penang being the worst hit has 45 relief centres operational in 3 districts namely Seberang Perai Tengah, Seberah Perai Utara and Timur Laut. (Malaysian Red Crescent, 7 Nov 2017)

Tropical Depression 29 resulted in heavy rainfall across Penang, Kedah and Perak. Significant flooding in those states were reported. An estimated 9,543 people were displaced and had to stay in 92 evacuation centers across the states. The flood also inundated the heritage city of Penang. (ASEAN Weekly Disaster Update, 06-12 Nov 2017)


Date: 04 Nov 2017
Status: Alert

Colombia: Colombia: Floods and Landslides - Oct 2017

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000164-COL
Disaster type: Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Colombia

Approximately 5,820 people (1,164 families) from the municipal capital and the rural area of the municipality of Timbiquí (Cauca), were affected due to the overflow of three rivers (Timbiquí, Bubuey and Saija) and two streams (Chete and Coteje), as a consequence of the strong heavy rains that occurred between October 25 and 26. (OCHA, 3 Nov 2017)

At least 630 families belonging to three neighborhoods and four villages in the municipality of Corinto (Cauca) were affected by the sudden increase in the La Paila river and floods, as a result of heavy rains on November 7. The municipal coliseum was set up as a temporary shelter to house the people most affected. The Institute of Hydrology, Meteorology and Environmental Studies (IDEAM) issued a red alert for the La Paila, Guengue and Desbaratado rivers, given the continuity of the rain. (OCHA, 9 Nov 2017)


Date: 25 Oct 2017
Status: Alert

Honduras: Honduras: Floods - Oct 2017

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000160-HND
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Honduras

A cold weather system in late October 2017 has brought heavy rainfall to Honduras, causing rivers and gorges to flood. As of 29 October 2017, a red alert was in effect for the departments Gracias a Dios, Yoro, Islas de la Bahía, Cortés, Atlántida and Colón. A yellow alert was in place for departments Olancho, Santa Bárbara and Francisco Morazán and a green alert for the departments of Copán, Comayagua, La Paz, Valle, Choluteca, Lempira, Ocotepeque, Intibucá and El Paraíso.

According to official data provided by COPECO, the country's disaster management agency, the flooding has affected 9,515 families, including necessitating the evacuation of 8,872 families, or 26,701 people. The affected families are in urgent need of food, shelter, first aid, psychosocial support, water and sanitation support, and livelihood restoration. (IFRC, 8 Nov 2017)


Date: 23 Oct 2017
Status: Ongoing

Nicaragua: Tropical Storm Nate - Oct 2017

GLIDE number: TC-2017-000148-NIC
Disaster type: Flood, Severe Local Storm, Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama

On 4 October 2017, according to the National Hurricane Center, life-threatening flash floods and mudslides are possible over portions of Central America from the Tropical Depression 16. Forecasts indicate the depression should be nearing the coast of Nicaragua early Thursday, then across northeastern Nicaragua and eastern Honduras late Thursday and later emerging into the northwestern Caribbean Sea on Friday, 6 October 2017. As Tropical storm warning is in effect for Sandy Bay Sirpi Nicaragua to Punta Castilla in Honduras. Other possible areas to monitor are the Bay Islands in Honduras, western Cuba, and the Yucatan Peninsula. (IFRC, 4 Oct 2017)

As of October 6th, the number of casualties rose to 28 and with 14 people reportedly missing. National Civil Protection systems were triggered and are responding with local coordination mechanisms. Tropical storm Nate will continue its trajectory towards the north-eastern coast of the Yucatan peninsula on the evening of October 6th as it makes its way to the US Gulf Coast, where it is projected to make landfall as a hurricane. According to data provided by the National Civil Protection Systems, the damage reported is as follow:
1. Nicaragua: 11 deaths; Government has provided food supplies for more than 1,600 affected households; 11 departments/31 municipalities affected; More than 30,000 people affected. 5,953 damaged houses.
2. Guatemala: 5 deaths, 3 missing; 2,749 people affected; 413 people rendered homeless.
3. Costa Rica: 8 deaths, 11 missing; 3,921 people evacuated to 94 shelters; 419,868 people without water.
4. Honduras: 3 deaths; 16 provinces on yellow alert; 143 affected people.
5. Panama: 1 death; 150 affected homes; 750 people affected.
In Costa Rica, landslides caused significant damage to roads and villages, cutting off some areas. A highway that connects the south of the country was washed away in Casa Mata. At least 5,000 residents fled to emergency shelters there, according to The Associated Press. The Costa Rican government declared a state of emergency, and President Luis Guillermo Solís appealed to the international community for support.
Given the level of damages so far, the Costa Rica Forum through its local member ILCO (Lutheran Church in Costa Rica) is planning on submitting a funding proposal to provide Food aid, non-Food Items, WASH, Psychosocial Support. the Nicaragua Forum is assessing the situation in order to decide if they are going to respond.(ACT Alliance, 9 Oct 2017)

On 12 October 2017, the IFRC issued an Emergency Appeal for 1,523,001 Swiss francs and allocated 316,177 Swiss francs from the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the Costa Rica Red Cross to assist 24,000 people for six months. (IFRC, 12 Oct 2017) 

On 3 November, ACT alliance launched appeal for Costa Rica, targeting 164,546.04 USD to contribute to the recovery of households affected by Tropical Storm, through emergency relief assistance.

Useful Links


Date: 04 Oct 2017
Status: Ongoing

Burkina Faso: Burkina Faso: Dengue Outbreak - Sep 2017

GLIDE number: EP-2017-000162-BFA
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Burkina Faso

Following an outbreak in late 2016, Burkina Faso experienced sporadic cases of dengue fever at the beginning of the year until week 10 of 2017, when cases eventually ceased. However, from week 31 (week ending 6 August 2017), there has been a dramatic increase in the incidence of dengue fever in the country, especially around the districts of Ouagadougou, the capital city. On 28 September 2017, the Ministry of Health formally declared the outbreak. During week 40 (week ending 8 October 2017), 525 suspected cases including two deaths (case fatality rate 0.4%) were reported. Of these, 329 cases were classified as probable. The majority of the new suspected cases were from Bogodogo (276) and Nogr-massom (115) districts, respectively (WHO, 13 Oct 2017)

The incidence of dengue fever in Burkina Faso continues to increase exponentially, particularly in the Central Region of the country, around the capital city, Ougadougou. During week 43 (week ending 29 October 2017), a total of 2,566 new suspected cases and two deaths (case fatality rate 0.1%) were reported in the country, compared with 2,232 cases with two deaths reported in week 42. Fifty-five percent (1,417) of the new suspected cases and the two deaths were from the Central Region, with an attack rate of 52 cases per 100,000 population. (WHO, 3 Nov 2017)


Date: 28 Sep 2017
Status: Ongoing

Togo: Togo: Floods - Sep 2017

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000149-TGO
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Togo

As at 28 September, a total of 602 households or 3,612 people have been affected by the overflow of the Nangbéto dam. Among the villages bordering the Mono river 10 villages (Agbanakin, Atchamé, Togbavi, Togbagan, Azimé-Dossou, Adamé, Gbandi, Gbandidi, Agbetiko and Handivi) have been flooded directly affecting more than 213 households (1,278 people). Another 389 households (2,334 people) in Agbanakin, have been marooned in their village. (IFRC, 09 Oct 2017)


Date: 25 Sep 2017
Status: Ongoing

Indonesia: Indonesia: Mt Agung Volcano - Sep 2017

GLIDE number: VO-2017-000141-IDN
Disaster type: Volcano
Affected countries: Indonesia

The increasing unrest in the Agung Volcano in Bali, Indonesia, since 10 August 2017 has led the authorities to raise the alert at the highest level. Evacuations have taken place in an area of up to 12 km around the volcano. According to the ARISTOTLE emergency report, the increasing unrest does not necessarily mean that an eruption will take place, nor it can give precise indications on when/if this would happen. However, historical data shows that the eruptions of this volcano were of a big magnitude (latest in 1963-1964). (ECHO, 24 Sep 2017)

As of 24 September, nearly 35,000 people have been evacuated from their homes near active Mt Agung Volcano in Bali and dispersed across 238 locations in seven districts in Bali. The number is expected to increase as well as fluctuate as there are still people who have not yet left their villages or who commute between homes and evacuation sites during the day for daily chores. On 24 September, the national disaster management agency (BNPB) sent 14 tons of assistance to the island and is providing over IDR 1 billion (US$ 75,000) to Karangasem District to operationalize the Command Post there and is preparing ready-to-use budget for emergency response activities. (OCHA, 25 Sep 2017)

On 22 September 2017 at 20.30, Indonesian Authorities (PVMBG) increased the status of Mount Agung in Bali from Level Three (High Alert: Orange/Ready to erupt) to Level Four (Red alert/Danger), the highest level for a volcano and the third consecutive rise in a week. The volcano of 3,031-metres is located in the district of Karangasem, in the province of Bali, roughly 72 kilometres to the north-east of the popular tourist destination of Kuta. As of 20:00 on 25 September, the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) evacuated more than 63,000 people from their homes, however the number keeps steadily rising. The evacuees are dispersed across 9 districts in more than 300 locations, with the majority of evacuees in Karangasem, Klungkung and Buleleng. More than 21,000 are in Karangasem, the 523 square kilometres district surrounding the volcano. The evacuees are staying in temporary shelters, sports centres, village halls as well as with relatives and host families (IFRC, 27 Sep 2017.)

The high volcanic activity has put some districts in a state of emergency with any potential eruption in the future. The authority reported that there were 484 temporary shelters distributed in 9 districts with a total of 134,229 displaced people (ACT Alliance, 29 Sep 2017.)

As of 7 October 2017, there were more than 141,000 displaced people who were distributed in 331 displacement shelters across 9 districts in Bali. The number of displacement shelters decreased due to government’s order for those living in the safe zone to return home, and since displaced people sheltered in Banjar (sub-village halls) were transferred to permanent buildings. Low pressure white plume, likely dominated by water vapour, is observed emitting continuously from the main crater and reached the altitude 1.500 metres. (Yakkum Emergency Unit, 8 Oct 2017)

As of 13 October, there were around 138,000 evacuees dispersed across 9 districts in more than 350 locations. The majority are in Karangasem, Klungkung and Buleleng. More than 50,000 are in Karangasem, the 523 square kilometres district surrounding the volcano. The evacuees are staying in temporary shelters, sports centres, village halls as well as with relatives and host families. (IFRC, 13 Oct 2017)

On 29 October, the Centre of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation (PVMBG) lowered the alert level of Mt. Agung, an active volcano on Bali island, from Level IV (Dangerous) to Level III (Alert). Evacuees who lived outside the no activity zone are beginning to return home but advised by authorities to remain cautious. The emergency response period for handling evacuees remain in effect until 9 November. Over 140,000 people evacuated following the increase in the alert level issued on 29 September. (OCHA, 30 Oct 2017)


Date: 22 Sep 2017
Status: Alert

South Sudan: South Sudan: Floods - Sep 2017

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000137-SSD
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: South Sudan

According to the State Ministry of Health, it is estimated that over 11, 000 people have been affected by flooding caused by heavy rainfall in 11 payams of Aweil North and Aweil West of former Northern Bahr el Ghazal State. More flooding also caused some deaths and injuries and has deeply affected the daily lives of over 650 households in eight villages of Bunj payam, Maban County, Upper Nile State. (WHO, 18 Sep 2017)

Heavy rains and floods have affected several parts of South Sudan, including Aweil North, Aweil East, Raja, and Maban counties; and parts of Eastern and western Equatoria. Thousands of people have been displaced while several roads have been washed away, making transport difficult. In addition, farmlands have been destroyed, which is likely to impact on the expected harvest, worsening the food security situation next year. (WHO, 28 Sep 2017)

In September, Northern Bahr el Ghazal and Jonglei states experienced flooding as a result of heavy rains. UNICEF together with partners responded to over 20,000 households affected by the flooding in Northern Bahr el Ghazal with provision of supplies, including household water treatment products and water containers. However, the WASH sector continues to face a significant funding gap (54 per cent). (UNICEF, 30 Sep 2017)

Torrential rain has caused major damage across the region with the combination of a stream bursting its banks and the overflow from the Kengen, Lothila and Kubal rivers causing massive floods across Pibor. More than 2000 households are now in need of urgent assistance. The situation remains particularly volatile for eight counties located along the river. Latilak, Babuzen, Vertek, Likuangole, Pochalla, Ajwara, Pibor North and South Counties have seen their farms wiped out and children are unable to get to school...If water continues to rise, access to the area via the Pibor airstrip could be affected. The state legislative assembly has been damaged and many government officials have been cut off from their offices. The acting Governor of Boma, Omot Ogul Abai, is appealing for urgent assistance. (UNMISS, 13 Oct 2017)


Date: 19 Sep 2017
Status: Ongoing

Mexico: Mexico: Earthquake - Sep 2017

GLIDE number: EQ-2017-000138-MEX
Disaster type: Earthquake
Affected countries: Mexico

The magnitude 7.1 earthquake struck central and southern Mexico [on 19 September], killing more than 200 people, according to the government. Buildings in Mexico City and Puebla, near the quake’s epicentre, have collapsed, and there are reports of severe damage to infrastructure, including collapsed bridges. The Mexican Red Cross has deployed dozens of doctors and nurses, alongside more than 90 ambulances and its urban rescue unit. (IFRC, 20 Sep 2017)

UNICEF´s response plan on child protection has begun implementation in Oaxaca and Puebla. Chiapas and Morelos will start next week with the installation of child-friendly spaces. In spite of Government efforts and investment plans to help families recover from the earthquakes, in terms of social protection, there are no clearly targeted compensation plans for affected families. Financial subsidies will be given only to those who are classified to be under ‘patrimonial’ poverty, wherein they could receive up to USD$600 per household. UNICEF foresees the increase in the number of poor families, especially those which have lost their properties and other assets. Research, communication and advocacy efforts will be increased to propose targeted cash transfers in emergencies for families with children under 5 and for female-headed households (UNICEF, 29 Sep 2017)

The Ministry of Finance has confirmed the activation of the $150M Catastrophic Bonus by the World Bank, which will be transferred to the National Disaster Fund (FONDEN), for health, education and roads infrastructure/reconstruction purposes. The fund is approved following verifications conducted by the US Geological Survey. (UNICEF, 13 Oct 2017)

Reports from the Office of the President show an updated number of 184,000 households, 175 health facilities and 16,000 schools damaged by the 7 and 19 September earthquakes. Reconstruction has started in 4,000 schools, which means that 75% of severely damaged schools are yet to start demolition and rebuilding. More than 73,000 families in Chiapas and Oaxaca have received support for house reconstruction. (UNICEF, 10 Nov 2017)

Resumen

El día 19 de septiembre de 2017 el Servicio Sismológico Nacional (SSN) reportó un sismo con magnitud 7.1 localizado en el límite estatal entre los estados Puebla y Morelos, a 12 km al sureste de Axochiapan, Morelos y a 120 km de la Ciudad de México. (Gov't of Mexico, 19 Sep 2017)

Hasta el momento las Instituciones Públicas del Sistema Nacional de Salud han atendido a 7 mil 982 personas afectadas por el sismo del pasado 19 de septiembre. Se informa que 54 pacientes se encuentran hospitalizados y de ellos, 11 aún se reportan graves. (Gov't of Mexico, 10 Oct 2017)

Useful Links


Date: 19 Sep 2017
Status: Ongoing

Dominica: Hurricane Maria - Sep 2017

GLIDE number: TC-2017-000136-ATG
Disaster type: Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba (The Netherlands), British Virgin Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe (France), Haiti, Martinique (France), Montserrat, Puerto Rico (The United States of America), Saint Barthélemy (France), Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sint Maarten (The Netherlands), Turks and Caicos Islands, United States Virgin Islands

Hurricane MARIA continued moving west-northwest over the Caribbean Sea, strengthening. Its center passed south of St. Croix island (US Virgin islands) early in the morning of 20 September. It then continued moving towards Puerto Rico as a category 5 hurricane, with maximum sustained winds of 270 km/h. MARIA is forecast to make landfall along Puerto Rico, near Yabucoa city at around 12 UTC on 20 September....Official reports mentioned that, as of 20 September, at least two people were killed in Guadeloupe island, while hundreds of people have been evacuated and hundreds of houses destroyed in Guadeloupe, Dominica and Martinique islands. (ECHO, 20 Sep 2017)

At least 14 people have died in Dominica, with the number of fatalities expected to rise as large areas of the island remain inaccessible after category 5 Hurricane Maria decimated the island’s east coast, according to initial reports from the ground. At least 80 per cent of the island’s population has been affected and needs support with shelter and water, according to CDEMA. (OCHA, 21 Sep 2017)

As of 19 September, hundreds of people were evacuated in Guadeloupe, Dominica and Martinique. Mandatory evacuation orders were issued for more than 11,900 people in Puerto Rico (ECHO 19/09/2017). Maria made landfall in Dominica on September 19 and in Puerto Rico on 20 September. As of October 10, at least 96 people are confirmed to have been killed: 51 in Puerto Rico, 30 in Dominica, five in the Dominican Republic, four in the contiguous United States, three in Haiti, two in Guadeloupe, and one in the US Virgin Islands. 39,000 children are in need of assistance in countries affected by hurricanes Irma and Maria, more than a quarter of them are under five (UNICEF 18/10/2017) (ACAPS, 2 Nov 2017)

On 29 September, UN and partners launched a Flash Appeal for $31.1 million to support relief and early recovery efforts in Dominica till the end of 2017. The UN has allocated US$3 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to address the urgent needs of Dominica’s people. There is a steady flow of food into the country. More than 15.5 metric ton of food and 190,000 litres water has been delivered. Supermarkets are expected to open this week. Government expects to have access to all parts of the country later this week. Provision of potable water to the west coast to be prioritized following serious concerns over communicable diseases. (UN, 2 Oct 2017)

As of 14 November, in Anguilla, the British Virgin Islands (BVI) and Dominica, approximately 70 per cent of the population has access to restored water services, while power services coverage ranges from 70 per cent in Turk and Caicos Islands (TCI) to 10 percent in Dominica. There has also been a notable reduction in the number of displaced people living in official shelters in BVI and Dominica. In Dominica, this includes a 60 per cent decrease over the last few weeks.
The majority of children in Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, British Virgin Islands, and Turk and Caicos Islands have now gone back to school, with all public schools reopening. However, in Dominica just around a third of national schools were open as of 10 November, and 87 per cent of children living in collective shelters still do not have access to any type of education, and are missing out on valuable months of their schooling, which could have implications on the quality of their education. (UNICEF, 14 Nov 2017)

Appeals & Funding

  • Dominica Flash Appeal 2017: Hurricane Maria (Sep - Dec 2017)

Useful Links


Date: 18 Sep 2017
Status: Ongoing

Rwanda: Rwanda: Severe Local Storms - Sep 2017

GLIDE number: ST-2017-000143-RWA
Disaster type: Flood, Severe Local Storm
Affected countries: Rwanda

On 17 September 2017, at around 15:30 local time, the districts of Rusizi, Nyamasheke, Huye and Bugesera, Gicumbi, Ngoma, Kirehe, Rubavu and Nyabihu experienced heavy rainfall associated with heavy storms, which resulted in destruction of houses and community farm lands. The affected areas are mostly in five districts; two located in western province (Rusizi and Nyamasheke), two located in Eastern province (Ngoma and Bugesera), and one in the Southern Province (Huye). According to data from a rapid assessment conducted by Rwanda Red Cross staff and volunteers, it is estimated that 5,850 people from 1,170 households have been affected by heavy winds and out of them 640 families are now homeless and classified as most vulnerable. The disaster caused three deaths and 24 people were injured. (IFRC, 3 Oct 2017)


Date: 17 Sep 2017
Status: Ongoing

Madagascar: Madagascar: Plague Outbreak - Sep 2017

GLIDE number: EP-2017-000144-MDG
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Madagascar

On 13 September 2017, the WHO was notified of an outbreak of pulmonary plague in Madagascar. The outbreak was detected on 11 September 2017. As of 14 September 2017, a total of 28 cases, including five deaths (case fatality rate 17.8%) have been reported since the initial case was detected on 27 August 2017. Two cases have been confirmed by rapid diagnostic test (RDT) at the Institut Pasteur de Madagascar (IPM). Thus far the outbreak is localized in Tamatave and Faratsiho in Vakinankaratra Region (100km southwest of Antananarivo). (WHO, 15 Sep 2017)

By 28 September, there were 104 cases of which 52 were confirmed pneumonic plague with 20 deaths (19.23% case fatality rate).The outbreak affected the densely populated cities in Madagascar that include Antananarivo/Analamanga with 3,724,021 inhabitants, Tamatave/ Atsinanana with 1,412,021 inhabitants, Majunga /Boeny with 889277 inhabitants, and Finanrantsoa /Haut Matsuartra with 1,333,550 inhabitants.(WHO, 29 Sep 2017)

As of 30 September, 10 cities have reported pneumonic plague cases and the three most affected districts include: the capital city and suburbs of Antananarivo (27 cases, 7 deaths), Toamasina (18 cases, 5 deaths), and Faratshio (13 cases, 1 death). (WHO, 2 Oct 2017)

From 1 August to 27 October 2017, a total of 1,554 suspected cases of plague, including 113 deaths (case fatality rate 7%), were reported. Of these, 985 (63%) were clinically classified as pulmonary plague, 230 (15%) were bubonic plague, 1 was septicaemic, and 338 were unspecified (further classification of cases is in process). Since the beginning of the outbreak, 71 healthcare workers (with no deaths) have been affected. (WHO, 27 Oct 2017)

Appeals & Funding

  • IFRC Madagascar: Plague Outbreak Emergency Appeal n°MDRMG013

Useful Links


Date: 13 Sep 2017
Status: Ongoing

Mexico: Mexico/Guatemala: Earthquake - Sep 2017

GLIDE number: EQ-2017-000128-MEX
Disaster type: Earthquake
Affected countries: Guatemala, Mexico

Mexico

According to the [BBC], an 8.1-magnitude earthquake on the Richter Scale struck off the Pacific Coast of Mexico--around 87km (54 miles) south-west of Pijijiapan--at 23:50 local time on Thursday, 7 September 2017 (04:50 [GMT] Friday). A tsunami warning was issued for Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama and Honduras; however, it was later lifted. An estimated 50 million Mexicans felt the tremor per the Mexican government. (IFRC, 8 Sep 2017)

Search and rescue operations continue and the death toll, according to national authorities, has now reached 90, of which 71 are in the state of Oaxaca, 15 in the state of Chiapas and 4 in the state of Tabasco. According to media, as of 11 September at 6.30 UTC, thousands of houses have been damaged and over 2 million people have been affected in the country. (ECHO, 11 Sep 2017)

Shelter destruction and damage to health and education infrastructure is most notable. However, there are also risks of food shortages in Oaxaca in Mexico as stores remain closed and prices are increasing. (ACAPS, 11 Sep 2017)

On 3 October, The President of the Republic toured the municipality of Asunción Ixtaltepec in the state of Oaxaca. In this municipality began the formal stage of reconstruction of houses and economic revival. In this way, the delivery of support began to those who had partial or total affectation in their homes because of the September 7 earthquake. In total, More than 7 billion pesos will be used to rebuild housing in Chiapas and Oaxaca. (Gov't of Mexico, 3 Oct 2017)

In spite of Government efforts and investment plans to help families recover from the earthquakes, there are no clear targeted compensation plans for the affected population. Particularly in Oaxaca, a state with high numbers of indigenous population and high prevalence of poverty, UNICEF identifies concrete challenges on protection and hygiene issues. (UNICEF, 19 Oct 2017)

Guatemala

According to a report from Guatemala’s Ministry of Foreign Relations, a 7.7-magnitude earthquake shook various departments in the country at 22:49 local time (04:49 GMT) for 1 and 33 seconds; the earthquake’s epicentre was 203 km to the west of San Marcos, with a profundity of 10 km. (IFRC, 8 Sep 2017)

Ongoing floods in Guatemala and recent mudslides in Mexico create additional vulnerabilities. (ACAPS, 11 Sep 2017)

The Government of Guatemala stated that the damage assessments and needs analysis of affected areas continue and that identified 18,810 people as affected by the disaster and damages to 2,570 houses for now. The assessments were developed by entities that are part of the System of the National Coordinator for Disaster Reduction (CONRED). (Gov't of Guatemala, 12 Sep 2017)

The department of San Marcos has been declared on red alert to be of service to the more than 10,600 affected by the 7.7 Richter scale earthquake that was registered in Guatemala. According to Conred's report, there were 205 incidents in San Marcos, which left 4 injured, 10,615 people affected, 1,752 victims, 714 homes with severe damage, of which 94 houses, 21 schools, 4 highways, 10 buildings and 5 churches affected. (Gov't of Guatemala, 13 Sep 2017)


Date: 08 Sep 2017
Status: Ongoing

Antigua and Barbuda: Hurricane Irma - Sep 2017

GLIDE number: TC-2017-000125-DOM
Disaster type: Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba (The Netherlands), British Virgin Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe (France), Haiti, Martinique (France), Montserrat, Puerto Rico (The United States of America), Saint Barthélemy (France), Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Martin (France), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sint Maarten (The Netherlands), Turks and Caicos Islands, United States Virgin Islands

As of 1 September, [NOAA]’s National Hurricane Centre (NHC), stated that Hurricane Irma’s centre was located near latitude 18.8 north, longitude 39.1 west at 5 PM Atlantic Standard Time (AST) (2100 [UTC]). Irma was moving toward the west at around 13 mph (20 km/h). A turn toward the west-south-west was expected by 2 September 2017. Irma is a category 3 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale, as maximum sustained winds are near 120 mph (195 km/h), with higher gusts; while fluctuations in strength (up or down) are possible over the next few days, Irma is expected to remain a powerful hurricane through the weekend. (IFRC, 1 Sep 2017)

Irma made landfall on northeast Caribbean islands during the early hours of 6 September, affecting Antigua and Barbuda, Anguilla, British Virgin Islands, St Barthélemy, St. Martin, the Virgin Islands and other islands in the eastern Caribbean Sea. Thousands of people have been evacuated from at-risk areas. Irma is predicted to hit Puerto Rico in the night, before continuing to the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Cuba, Turks and Caicos and southeastern Bahamas. There is continued risk of catastrophic damage from hurricane force winds, storm surge, and flooding in areas on Irma’s trajectory. Hurricane Irma is being slowly trailed by Hurricane Jose, which is moving very slowly in the Atlantic Ocean and is anticipated to affect the northern Leeward Islands. 49​ ​million people directly in Irma’s projected path. (OCHA, 6 Sep 2017)

As of 13 September, OCHA reported that Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, St Martin/St Maarten, the British Virgin Islands and Turks and Caicos are the most affected islands and that critical needs in supplies and support were being addressed around the clock. In the Dominican Republic and Haiti, local authorities are managing response and restoration to normal activities in the affected areas with local resources. Cuba withstood damage to 13 of its 15 provinces, reporting 10 deaths and damage to agriculture, water supply, and telecommunications. Humanitarian partners continue to work and coordination with regional organizations and local governments throughout the affected countries as needs assessments continue to reveal the range and depth of the needs caused by Irma. (OCHA, 13 Sep 2017)

On 15 September, the Regional Response Plan for the Caribbean Region seeking US$15.1 million was launched. (OCHA, 15 Sep 2017)

On 19 September, the UN System in Cuba (UNS) presented a US$55.8 million Action Plan to address the urgent needs of 2.15 million people. (UN ORC in Cuba, 19 Sep 2017)

As of 2 October, the Office of UN Resident Coordinator in Cuba reported that there were 158,554 houses damaged, 980 health institutions affected, 95,000 hectares of agricultural land damaged and more than 500 kilometers of roads damaged. The most affected provinces were Camagüey, Ciego de Avila, Sancti Spíritus, and Villa Clara. Other territories, such as Guantánamo, Holguín, Las Tunas, Cienfuegos, Matanzas, Mayabeque, and Havana, were also damaged by the hurricane. (UN ORC in Cuba, 2 Oct 2017)

As of 2 November, in the territories affected by Hurricane Irma, attention is being paid to the affected population with priority being placed on households with young children, pregnant women, persons with disabilities and the elderly, and those whose houses were completely destroyed. Along with the recovery of the housing, health and education sectors, and the production of food, actions are being taken to repair damaged hotel facilities at Santa María, Coco, and Guillermo keys, in the wake of the tourist high season that began on November 1st. (UN ORC in Cuba, 2 Nov 2017)

Appeals

  • Hurricane Irma: Revised Regional Response Plan for the Caribbean Region (as of 20 October 2017)
  • Cuba Plan de acción - Septiembre 2017 SP / EN

Useful Links


Date: 04 Sep 2017
Status: Ongoing

Pakistan: Pakistan: Dengue Outbreak - Sep 2017

GLIDE number: EP-2017-000133-PAK
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Pakistan

The Ministry of National Health Services, Regulations and Coordination in Pakistan has recently reported a high number of dengue fever cases in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK). A total of 1,279 laboratory confirmed cases were reported during the months of July and August 2017. (WHO, 3 Sep 2017)

According to the provincial Health Department in Peshawar, as of September 14, the death toll from dengue, in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), reached 25. So far, 12,552 people have been tested for Dengue and out of these 2492 people have been found positive for Dengue. Although 781 people have been discharged after treatment, 2,907 are still being treated in the government hospitals as the majority of them suffer from high grade fever, headache and muscular pain i.e. the symptoms close to dengue fever. It is estimated that there is an increasing trend of dengue cases as well as spread of Dengue to other areas as the cases have started to come from areas adjoining those from where initial cases were reported, thus the Commissioner of Peshawar has sent a request on September 13, requesting Pakistan Red Crescent Society (PRCS) to provide assistance in raising awareness, printing materials and setting up medical camps in the Peshawar. (IFRC, 18 Sep 2017)

The province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa of Pakistan had officially notified of an outbreak of dengue fever in its capital city-Peshawar. Since mid July to end of September 2017, a total of 52,926 suspected/clinically diagnosed cases of dengue fever including 38 associated deaths had been reported. Of these, 10,893 cases had been laboratory-confirmed by NS1 antigen test (Non- structural protein). (WHO, 1 Oct 2017)

The provincial health department of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in Pakistan has reported an additional 12,430 suspected cases of dengue fever and 4 deaths since last week. So far, a cumulative total of 87,250 cases had been reported since 19 July 2017, including 18 892 laboratory-confirmed cases and 58 deaths. The district Peshawar has reported the highest number of cases, with a current total of 78,844 suspected cases, including 16,991 confirmed cases and 53 deaths. (WHO, 26 Oct 2017)

A large number of hospitalized dengue fever cases of were reported from leading tertiary care hospital in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa provice. During this outbreak, a total of 24,807 laboratory confirmed cases with 69 deaths were reported so far. (WHO, 12 Nov 2017)


Date: 03 Sep 2017
Status: Ongoing

Ethiopia: Ethiopia: Floods - Aug 2017

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000139-ETH
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood
Affected countries: Ethiopia

Floods affected more than 53,000 people in Gambella and Oromia regions during the months of August and September. The Emergency Shelter/Non-Food Items (NFI) cluster reports a gap in NFIs to respond to the emergency. More than 300,000 people are at risk of flooding in the next few weeks as heavy rains are expected to continue. (UNICEF, 20 Sep 2017)

Flash floods following heavy rains since 28 August have displaced more than 13,400 people in four districts of Gambella region. The National Flood Task Force has prepared a response plan for at least 100,000 people risking displacement by flash floods along the Awash river basin this month. (OCHA, 22 Sep 2017)

Flood task force – The cluster remains very engaged in the Flood Task Force to monitor the needs induced by the 2017 kiremt season and plan a response accordingly. (Shelter cluster, 31 Aug 2017)

In Ethiopia, rainfall attributed to the Kiremt rains, which began on 8 September 2017 has led to extensive flooding. The Ambeira zone in Afar region, and special zones surrounding Addis Ababa (the capital), Jima, South-east Shewa, and South-west Shewa in the Oromia region have been worst affected by the rains and flooding. It is estimated that a total of 18,628 households (HHs) (93,140 people) have been affected from their homes, of which 7,270 HHs (36,350 people) have been displaced. (IFRC, 22 Sep 2017)


Date: 28 Aug 2017
Status: Ongoing

Central African Republic: Central African Republic: Floods - Aug 2017

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000134-CAF
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Central African Republic

The city of Kouango, located 415 km from Bangui (the capital of the CAR), has been flooded since the 23rd of August. These floods caused significant material and human damages. The provisional record shows 350 households, or 1,750 people affected by this tragedy. At least 276 houses are completely destroyed and 74 houses partially destroyed. Some people found shelters in host families and others are in the farm fields. (IFRC, 16 Sep 2015)


Date: 23 Aug 2017
Status: Ongoing

Papua New Guinea: Papua New Guinea: Measles Outbreak - Aug 2017

GLIDE number: EP-2017-000158-PNG
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea

On 23 August 2017, the first case of measles was reported in the Vanimo Green District (VGD) of West Sepik Province in North-West Papua New Guinea (PNG), near the border with Indonesia. As of 31 October, 57 cases have been reported, with eight having been confirmed by laboratory tests, and two deaths. A measles outbreak has been ongoing in areas of neighbouring Indonesia directly beside the Vanimo Green District. The high mobility of people along this border may have resulted in measles being brought over to PNG, including new cases. The vaccination coverage rates on the Indonesia border side are low. The government is putting in place vaccination at the official border crossing; however, there are also other border sites where the spread of measles can occur. (IFRC, 3 Nov 2017)


Date: 23 Aug 2017
Status: Ongoing
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