Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

20 de octubre de 2020
Erasmus Mundus Master in Public Health in Disasters

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Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre. Facultad de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud. 7ª Planta
Campus del Cristo
33006 Oviedo - España
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Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

Desastres activos

Syria: Wild Fires - Oct 2020

Affected country: Syrian Arab Republic
Glide: FR-2020-000208-SYR

At the time of writing, large scale fires across the coastal regions in Syria have caused at least three deaths and dozens of injuries, with areas in Al Fakhoura, Al Qirdaha, Jableh and Lattakia districts in Lattakia Governorate and Safita district in Tartous Governorate particularly affected. While assessments are ongoing, local authorities report that up to 28,000 households have been directly impacted, including through casualties or medical conditions, with as many as 80 hospitalized due to smoke inhalation. In addition, significant loss of homes, personal possessions and/or livelihoods assets have been reported in some areas. As many as 25,000 people were reported to have displaced. Further, a significant number of households have been impacted due to disruptions in key public services, such as health, water and power supply. To date, an estimated 5,000 hectares of agricultural land, including orchards, olive trees, and greenhouses, and 4,000 hectares of forested land have been destroyed. Assessments are ongoing to determine the full scope of the impact, led by the Syrian Arab Red Crescent (SARC). (OCHA, 11 Oct 2020)

DR Congo: Floods - Oct 2020

Affected country: Democratic Republic of the Congo
Glide: FL-2020-000206-COD

Floods have affected North Kivu Province (eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo) following heavy rain on 2 October. According to media reports, at least 15 people died in Sake Town (Masisi territory) after the overflow of the Mutahyo River. Dozens of people have been displaced, several houses flooded and schools and health centres damaged. More rain is expected across the affected province over the next 24 hours. (ECHO, 5 Oct 2020)

The heavy rains that fell on Thursday, 1 October 2020 at 2 p.m. in the city of Sake and its surroundings in the territory of Masisi, North Kivu province, have caused material damage and loss of life among the population. The city of Sake is located about 25 km from the city of Goma with a population of 108,249 inhabitants. This rain caused erosion, leading to enormous damage with the bridge over the river Kihira, linking the Sake-Masisi road and Sake-Minova washed away. This has caused a breakdown in communication on the one hand, between Goma-Masisi and on the other hand, between Goma and South Kivu. Houses were washed away, schools were flooded, fields and grazing land for cows, sheep and goats were washed away. The affected population (about 3,825 people) is now living with host families. (IFRC, 14 Oct 2020)

Cambodia: Floods - Oct 2020

Affected country: Cambodia
Glide: FL-2020-000212-KHM

Since October 1, Cambodia has experienced heavy rainfall across much of the country. As of October 12, seven provinces have been affected by flash floods, including Pursat, Battambang, Banteay Meanchey, Pailin, Svay Rieng and Stung Treng. The worst affected are Pursat (8,315 households affected, 1,693 evacuated), Battambang (13,180 households affected, 1,570 evacuated) and Banteay Meanchey (2,661 households affected, 262 evacuated). (Cambodia Humanitarian Response Forum & DCA & WFP, 12 Oct 2020)

Heavy rain has been affecting north-eastern, central, and western Cambodia since 6-7 October, also due to the passage of tropical storm LINFA on 9-12 October, triggering floods that have resulted in casualties and damage. In Cambodia, 11 fatalities, over 700 displaced people, and more than 14,000 affected people were reported across Pursat, Battambang, Pailin, Kampong Speu, Kampong Chhnang, and Banteay Meanchey Provinces. (ECHO, 12 Oct 2020)

Severe weather caused by the passage of Tropical Storms LINFA and NANGKA has been affecting Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand, resulting in at least 48 fatalities, 15 people missing and more than 830,400 affected citizens, as reported by the AHA Centre. In Cambodia, 11 fatalities occurred and about 67,995 households in 19 provinces have been affected by flash floods. The worst affected provinces are Battambang (38,890 households), Pursat (18,365 households), and Banteay Meanchey (7,034 households). (ECHO, 15 Oct 2020)

Tropical storm triggered rains causing floods in 19 of 25 provinces in the country. Flash floods have so far left 18 people dead and forced the evacuation of 25,192 people according to the National Committee for Disaster Management . A total of 53,169 families or 212,676 people have been affected. 51,133 houses, 439 schools, 137,160 hectares of rice fields, 67,490 hectares of subsidiary crops, and many roads, bridges, canals have been flooded and damaged. ECHO, 17 Oct 2020)

In Cambodia, the provinces of Battambang, Banteay Meanchey and Pursat are the worst affected areas. As of 19 October, more than 131,000 houses have been damaged or destroyed and over 12,200 households were displaced. According to Provincial Committees for Disaster Management, a total of 133,400 households have been affected by the floods, and some 319,000 hectares of agricultural land has been inundated. Joint assessments between the Humanitarian Response Forum and the National Committee for Disaster Management are continuing. The Cambodian Red Cross and humanitarian partners are providing food, water, emergency shelter, non-food items and emergency cash to affected households. (OCHA, 20 Oct 2020)

Ecuador: Sangay Volcano - Sep 2020

Affected country: Ecuador
Glide: VO-2020-000205-ECU

In the early hours of 20 September 2020, the Sangay volcano, located in the central Ecuadorian province of Morona Santiago, registered a significant increase in its level of eruptive activity (NationalGeophysical Institute; Special Report no. 4- 2020)...As the hours passed, the ash cloud began to descend over the provinces of Chimborazo, Bolivar, Guayas, Los Rios and part of Santa Elena. The highest impact was registered on 21 September in the cantons of Alausí, Chunchi, Guamote, Cumandá and Pallatanga in Chimborazo province with the primary impacts on agriculture and livestock, and in Chillanes canton in Bolivar where the community water sources were contaminated (Annex I: map of affected area). The affected population in Chillanes canton is estimated at 18,685 people according to data from the 2010 population census and Chillanes plan of development and territorial organization. In the Guayas province, the Guayaquil cantonal authorities ceased activities at the international airport José Joaquín de Olmedo for approximately two hours to clean the runway. Meanwhile, local authorities in the province of Chimborazo installed the emergency operations centre (EOC) with the support of the National Service for Risk and Emergency Management (SNGRE) and the Ministry of the Environment and Water, to take protection and response measures in the affected areas. At the national level, the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock assessed the impact and damages caused by this event...The Ecuadorian Red Cross (ERC) activated its Early Action Plan (EAP) for Forecast-based Triggered Action for volcanic ashfall (MDREC015) on 21 September 2020. The Ecuadorian Red Cross has responded with early actions for 1,000 families in the province of Chimborazo. However, the effects of the volcanic ash have affected other areas such as Bolivar province, which requires humanitarian assistance and has not been reached with the activation of the EAP. In the canton of Chillanes in Bolívar province, the ashfall affected sources of water, agriculture, and livestock. According to data from the Ministry of Agriculture, at least 12,000 hectares of pasture that feeds 10,000 cattle were affected in Chillanes, with a layer of between 2 and 3 millimetres covering the forage. The damage to 1,000 hectares of tree tomato and blackberry crops influences more than 6,000 producers. Although the maize crop is now in the harvest season, no major losses were reported of the 7,000 hectares planted. (IFRC, 5 Oct 2020)

Viet Nam: Floods and Landslides - Sep 2020

Affected country: Viet Nam
Glide: FL-2020-000210-VNM

Tropical Cyclone NOUL made landfall in Viet Nam over the coastal area between Dong Ha and Hue cities (Thua Thien Hue Province) on 18 September, as a tropical storm. According to media, as of 18 September, more than 500,000 people are being evacuated in the central provinces of Vietnam. (ECHO, 18 Sep 2020)

TC Noul caused some damage to the Central provinces of Vietnam. 4 provinces (Quang Tri, Hue, Da Nang and Quang Nam) have evacuated around 16,391 household or about 54,215 people. Houses were severely affected and the agriculture sector will likely be further suffer due to heavy rain following the storm. There were 6 fatalities and 112 injured, the storm caused severe damage to infrastructure. Due to continued heavy rain, the government warned people of flash floods in these provinces. (ECHO, 21 Sep 2020)

On 18-21 September, several landslides triggered by flash floods occurred in the mountainous districts of Quang Nam Province (central Vietnam). Damage was reported to houses, at least 10 schools, several main roads and bridges, leaving many communities isolated. The power infrastructure and water network were damaged as well, affecting many families living in the area. Over the next 24 hours, rain and thunderstorms are expected of Quang Nam Province. (ECHO, 25 Sep 2020)

Since 26 September, heavy rain has been affecting northern Vietnam (particularly the Provinces of Phu Tho, Lao Cai, Ha Giang and Yen Bai) causing floods, triggering landslides and leading to casualties and damage. According to media reports, two people died following a landslide in Ha Hoa District (Phu Tho Province), seven people were injured and three bridges damaged across the same Province. A total of 73 houses have been affected by heavy rain in the Provinces of Phu Tho and Lao Cai. (ECHO, 29 Sep 2020)

Torrential rains have triggered floods and landslides in central Viet Nam. Many areas of Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Thua Thien-Hue, Da Nang have been submerged and cut off. Local authorities had to evacuate 3,250 households (10,994 residents) to out of dangerous areas, according to the Central Steering Committee for Natural Disaster Prevention and Control. At least 37 communes have been submerged due to torrential rains and floods in the central region. The Disaster Management Authority (DMA) of Vietnam reported that at least 8 people have died or are missing after days of heavy rainfall in central parts of the country. (ECHO, 9 Oct 2020)

In Vietnam, media report as of 12 October, at least 17 fatalities, 13 people missing, around 31,000 displaced people, and more than 33,000 damaged houses across the central provinces of Da Nang, Ha Tinh, Quang Bình, Quang Nam, Quang Tri, and Thua Thien-Hue. Rescue teams are accessing the isolated areas by boats to supply instant noodle to people and evacuate children and elderly. So far, 15,392 households/45,835 people have been evacuated to safe places. (ECHO, 12 Oct 2020)

According to the Vietnam Disaster Management Authority (VDMA), several provinces in central Vietnam reported severe flooding and landslides, which left at least 28 people dead, 12 people missing, and forced over 45,800 people to evacuate their homes. About 131,000 houses have been flooded and more than 380 homes have been completed destroyed. The VDMA and provincial authorities have deployed rescue teams and are evacuating vulnerable people. (OCHA, 14 Oct 2020)

In Viet Nam, floods, landslides, storms, and winds in Central Region affected an estimated 682,000 people, 136,000 houses, 10.400 hectares of rice, crops, and aquatic produce, 362 educational institutions, 14.7 km of roads, and the loss of 332,000 livestock (cattle and poultry). There are at least 56 deaths and 12 people missing. (ECHO, 17 Oct 2020)

On 18 October, a landslide occurred in Quang Tri Province (central Vietnam), killing at least 20 people and 27 others are missing. About 147 houses and more than 70 schools have been damaged or destroyed. At least 12,000 residents have been displaced and nearly 45,000 households remain affected in Quang Tri. Almost 1,000 people and 150 vehicles have been deployed to continue with search and rescue operations. (ECHO, 19 Oct 2020)

Tunisia: Flash Floods - Sep 2020

Affected country: Tunisia
Glide: FF-2020-000204-TUN

Heavy rainfall began around 12 September when Monastir, a capital of the Monastir Governorate in the center of the country, and many other towns around recorded 47.8 mm of rain in 24 hours, and Sidi Bouzid and many other towns of this governorate 58 mm. During the same period, Mahdia and all belonging localities recorded more than 40 mm of rain in 24 hours during 3 separate days. Kairouan recorded 89 mm of rain. Kef governorate registered similar amounts of rain especially in Sers locality. During that period almost an average of a monthly rain was registered.

Flooding and related fatalities were reported in the governorates of Monastir, Sousse, Mahdia, Sfax and Tunis, according to the country’s Civil Protection Agency. Floods struck several districts of the capital, Tunis. Some areas were under 1 meter of water, leaving roads impassable and buildings damaged. Orthopedic hospital in the governorate of Manouba was flooded; water reaching archives and hospitalization rooms National Institute of Meteorology (Institut national de la météorologie) of Tunisia issued warnings for further heavy rainfall on 13 and 14th of September. Consequently, floodwater surged through many different districts damaging infrastructure, houses, properties, and livelihoods of the community members.

During this period, media reports said at least 6 people have died in floods after days of torrential rainfall in Tunisia, hundreds were rescued and thousands of homes damaged.

More than 40,000 people have been affected by the floods. Some of them fled their homes seeking shelter in neighboring high-ground houses and communities, while other chose to stay in their damaged houses moving to rooftops rather than risking crossing flooded areas to reach evacuation points. Water supply through pipelines is limited, and the water available in some areas is contaminated. Electricity has been cut off in certain districts to avoid risk to people and electrical damage. IFRC, 6 Oct 2020

Senegal: Floods - Sep 2020

Affected country: Senegal
Glide: FL-2020-000198-SEN

As of 7 September 2020, all regions of Senegal have recorded excess rainfall compared to normal, ranging from 100mm to 1,900mm depending on the geographical area. The regions of Dakar and Thiès recorded 800mm of rainfall mainly in the suburbs in the capital city and in the department of Thiès. The heavy rains affected 11 regions including 25 departments, causing the displacement of nearly 3,285 people representing 365 families in the suburbs of Dakar and the department of Thiès. In these regions, populations were driven from their homes by the floods. We can notice waterlogged streets, entire flooded neighbourhoods and washed-out bridges, enclaving some localities or communities. Due to difficult access, some communities could not be reached by emergency services. This information from field assessments conducted by the Senegalese Red Cross Society (SRCS) teams reveals a critical situation for 16,798 affected people (5,879 men and 10,919 women). Among them 640 children under 5 years old, 216 pregnant/breastfeeding women, 72 people with disabilities, 533 elderly people. (IFRC, 14 Sep 2020)

Guinea: Floods - Sep 2020

Affected country: Guinea
Glide: FL-2020-000202-GIN

From 6 to 7 September 2020, 26 of the 27 neighbourhoods of the urban commune and 12 sub-prefectures of Kankan experienced heavy rain causing major damage to people and their possessions. Based on the initial assessments, 9,907 households i.e. 49,536 people have been affected including 23,248 men and 26,288 women; 4,371 children aged 0 to 5; 1,145 pregnant women; 1,238 breastfeeding women; 135 disabled people; 946 elderly people; 3,975 children sleeping under mosquito nets; 1,101 pregnant women sleeping under mosquito nets; 47 cases of diarrhoea; 12 injured; 263 houses destroyed; 1,363 displaced people; 551 water points destroyed; 75 host families; and 744 latrines destroyed. (IFRC, 18 Sep 2020)

Burkina Faso: Floods - Sep 2020

Affected country: Burkina Faso
Glide: FL-2020-000200-BFA

Since 5 September, heavy rain continues to affect central Burkina Faso (particularly the Centre Region, including the area of the capital Ouagadougou, and the Centre-Nord Region), triggering floods that have resulted in casualties and damage. As of 9 September, the government declared a state of national disaster. (ECHO, 10 Sep 2020)

Mauritania: Floods - Sep 2020

Affected country: Mauritania
Glide: FL-2020-000199-MRT

Since September 1, 2020, the wilaya of Hodh Ech Chargui, located in the south-east of the country, on the border with Mali, has experienced torrential rains that have exceeded the 100 mm in some areas, with flooding in the cities of Bassiknou, Adel Bagrou, Amourj and Néma, the capital of the region in south-eastern Mauritania. Until September 8, 2020, the torrential rains that fell in this area caused a heavy toll in the three departments of the region, in particular in the department of Bassiknou leading, on a large scale, to considerable material damage of infrastructure such as roads, bridges, protective dikes, markets, water supply sources, in addition to the destruction of a large part of family food stocks. According to preliminary assessments, the number of people affected to date are up to 9,282 people (1,380 households) and 3 deaths. Since the end of August, Mauritania has been experiencing heavy rains which have resulted in flooding in several parts of the country. (IFRC, 17 Sep 2020)

Afghanistan: Flash Floods - Aug 2020

Affected country: Afghanistan
Glide: FF-2020-000191-AFG

Since 25 August, heavy flash floods are reported across 9 provinces (Parwan, Kapisa, Panjshir, Wardak, Logar, Paktiya, Paktika, Nuristan and Nangarhar), causing destruction of houses and agricultural land. Initial reports indicate that 300 houses were destroyed, 35 people were killed and 43 injured. Needs assessments are taking place. Heavy fighting is reported in the province of Kunduz. People are fleeing and are gathering around Kunduz City. Reportedly, an estimated 7,500 families were displaced. Many families have no shelter. Kunduz City is already hosting a high number of displaced people. The Emergency Response Mechanism (ERM, DG ECHO funded) has deployed extra resources, to ensure a rapid response to lifesaving needs. The civil conflict in Afghanistan has worsened in the last two months. Many overland highways are under control of opposition forces. The civilian population bears the brunt of the conflict caused insecurity and restrictions (ECHO, 26 Aug 2020)

Initial information indicated 2,049 families affected, over 145 killed and another 167 sustained injuries in 11 provinces, agricultural land and public infrastructure impacted following flash floods on 26th August 2020. Joint assessment teams consisting of IOM, ANDMA, WFP, UNICEF, DRC, CARE International, DACAAR, IRC, DAIL, DoRR, and ARCS assessed and verified 1,482 families needing humanitarian assistance in Logar, Wardak, Kapisa, Parwan, Kabul and Laghman provinces. (IOM, 29 Aug 2020).

After flash floods affected the Central, Southeast and Eastern Regions of Afghanistan on 25-26 August, the number of fatalities continues to increase. According to the UNOCHA report of 31 August, more than 145 people died and 167 people have been injured in 11 provinces. More than 2,000 households have been affected. The Parwan Province (Central Region) is the worst affected area, with 106 dead, 106 injured and 26 still missing. 390 houses have been destroyed and 483 have been severely damaged, leaving many families displaced. Widespread damage was reported to agricultural land and public infrastructure. (ECHO, 1 Sep 2020).

Media report, as of 4 September, nearly 200 fatalities, of which at least 157 in Parwan, 12 people are still missing, 170 injured, 1,055 destroyed houses, and around 3,000 damaged houses throughout the affected area. (ECHO, 4 Sep 2020).

Chad: Floods - Aug 2020

Affected country: Chad
Glide: FL-2020-000192-TCD

Following floods which have been occurring since early August 2020 in N’Djamena, 7,122 households (31,853 individuals) fled their homes located in 15 quartiers (7 arrondissements) of the city. They took refuge either elsewhere in their arrondissement, or in neighbouring arrondissements. Ten individuals died following the floods. It should be noted that 5,250 shelters have been destroyed. Most of the affected individuals are hosted by relatives, but some of them are currently without shelter. As of 25 August 2020, no assistance has been provided to meet their needs. (IOM, 25 Aug 2020)

The rainy season caused flooding in the central and southern provinces, the Lac and N’Djaména, affecting 188,915 people (37,783 households) as of 27 August, covering farming land, and impacting food security and livelihoods. (OCHA, 3 Sep 2020)

Yemen: Polio Outbreak - Aug 2020

Affected country: Yemen
Glide: EP-2020-000201-YEM

A polio outbreak has been declared in Yemen following 15 reported cases of vaccine derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1) in the first weeks of August 2020. The cases were detected in different districts of Sa’ada Governorate, in the north-west of the country. Children aged from 8 months to 13 years are affected. Significant challenges and delays in the shipment of stool samples from Yemen during the last two years have resulted in delayed detection. An outbreak response is being implemented by UNICEF and WHO in support of the local health authorities. Local impediments, including security, limit the application of internationally recommended protocol of house-to-house vaccination campaigns. (ECHO, 25 Aug 2020)

The cases in Yemen are clustered in the Sa'adah governorate in the war-ravaged country's north-west, an area that has very low routine immunization levels and which has been inaccessible to the polio programme for more than 2 years. The last house-to-house campaigns in this area were nearly 2 years ago, in November 2018. (UNICEF/WHO, 11 Sep 2020)

Sudan: Polio Outbreak - Aug 2020

Affected country: Sudan
Glide: EP-2020-000129-SDN

The Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH) declared, on 9 August, an outbreak of polio in Sudan, following the confirmation of two cases of vaccine-derived poliovirus in South Darfur and Gedaref states. While laboratory tests are still ongoing, positive environmental samples of poliovirus type 2 have also been found in seven more states, including West Darfur, East Darfur, Gezira, White Nile, River Nile, Khartoum and Red Sea, indicating a possible wide circulation of the virus within the country. At least 5.2 million children under age 5 live in the affected states and will require urgent vaccination. The outbreak, the first since March 2009, has been considered by the authorities as a national emergency and response has been activated to tackle the high risk of transmissions within and beyond Sudan, including South Sudan, declared by WHO as polio-free just a month ago. Neighbouring Ethiopia, Central African Republic and Chad also reported cases, which puts more risks on Sudan, especially in the Darfur region, due to border movements. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and current floods in Sudan will likely increase the challenges for Government and humanitarian partners to contain the new outbreak. The FMoH and health partners have already activated the urgent response to the outbreak. The FMoH briefed the Cabinet of Ministers on 8 August and declared the outbreak one day later, following the protocols of the International Health Regulations. Risk assessments have already been completed, while a National Task Force committee is being currently established. Government and health partners, led by WHO, are in close contact with neighbouring countries to coordinate efforts. (OCHA, 14 Aug 2020)

Mauritius: MV Wakashio Oil Spill - Aug 2020

Affected country: Mauritius
Glide: AC-2020-000180-MUS

On 25 July 2020, a bulk carrier vessel, MV Wakashio, ran aground on the reef of Point d’Esny, off the coast of Mauritius. The vessel was carrying nearly 4,200 metric tons (MT) of fuel, including low-sulphur fuel oil (3,894 MT), diesel (207 MT) and lubricant oil (90 MT). The ship is located near ecologically sensitive and important areas, including the Point d’Esny Wetlands, Ile aux Aigrettes Nature Reserve, Blue Bay Marine Area, Mahebourg Fishing Reserves, barachois (coastal lagoons) and mangroves. The Point d’Esny Wetlands are designated as a site of international importance under the Convention on Wetlands (‘Ramsar Convention’). The Nagashiki Shipping Co. Ltd, which owns and manages the vessel, told media in an emailed statement that “due to bad weather and constant pounding over the past few days, the starboard side bunker tanker has been breached and an amount of fuel oil has escaped into the sea.” Preliminary satellite analysis conducted by UNOSAT found that the shipwreck location was approximately 2 kilometres from the shore at Point d’Esny and that 0.23km2 oil spill was observed by 6 August. Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth has declared a “state of environmental emergency” and said that the sinking of the boat “represents a danger” for the people of Mauritius. The country’s approximately 1.3 million inhabitants rely heavily on tourism, which has already been hard-hit by the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. (OCHA, 8 Aug 2020)

Cracks on the hull of MV Wakashio have continued to worsen and there remains a high likelihood that the bulk carrier will break-up. There are also concerns regarding the impact the oil spill will have on Mauritius’ unique ecosystems, including Blue Bay Marine Park, Pointe d’Esny Wetland and Ile aux Aigrettes Nature Reserve and wildlife. Reports indicate that the oil is likely to drift northwards, with sightings as far north as Bambous Virieux. Many people in the affected areas rely on fishing for their livelihoods, which will be impacted by the oil spill. Others rely on the tourism industry which was affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and now must contend with a second significant setback. (OCHA, 13 Aug 2020)

Algeria: Earthquake - Aug 2020

Affected country: Algeria
Glide: EQ-2020-000188-DZA

A magnitude 4.9 earthquake hit eastern Algeria on Friday August 07, 07:15 am. The quake, which was followed by a 4.5 aftershock, hit Mila province some 350 km (215 miles) east of the capital Algiers. The earthquake has left severe damage to the structures and infra-structures in different areas of Mila, pushing the residents to flee in panic into the streets. Around 122 houses have been damaged including three houses and a four-storey villa that were completely destroyed, while 31 apartments were partially destroyed. Other houses were severely damaged including open cracks in walls, floors, and streets. Luckily, there were no casualties reported, only injuries. The government has declared on 16 of August 2020 the area of Khirbat in Mila a disaster area, populated by more than 2,500 families. Since the date of disaster until the announcement date, the Algerian Red Crescent was the only actor on ground sheltering and providing assistance to the bereaved families because before the area is declared a disaster zone, the government cannot activate the risk fund. (IFRC, 25 Aug 2020)

South Sudan: Floods - Aug 2020

Affected country: South Sudan
Glide: FL-2020-000193-SSD

As of late July, short periods of high-intensity rain have resulted in a seasonal overflow of the Nile River in low-lying, flood-prone areas of Bor, Duk, and Twic East in Jonglei. The floods displaced approximately 1,800 households in Bor South and submerged crops in Duk. The NOAA/NCEP Global Ensemble Forecast System shows a sustained likelihood of heavy rainfall through August 10, 2020, in eastern South Sudan. Although the scale of flooding is lower in 2020 compared to 2019 so far, a consecutive year of flood-induced crop and livestock losses in low-lying areas along the Nile River and Pibor-Akobo-Sobat basin would exacerbate existing food insecurity into the post-harvest period. (FEWSNET, 4 Aug 2020)

Engineering troops serving with the UN Mission in South Sudan are engaged in an ongoing battle against flooding caused by broken dykes in Bor, in Jonglei, aggravated by heavy downpours. Across the state, primarily in Bor South and Twic East, some 135,000 people are believed to be displaced.(UNMISS, 8 Aug 2020)

The situation is worsened by the onset of the rainy season, which has led to the displacement of over 5,000 people due to floods in Bor South and Twic East counties in Jonglei. According to local authorities, the number goes up to 150,000 for eastern Jonglei. (ECHO, 11 Aug 2020)

Heavy rainfall has been affecting central and eastern States of the country (in particular Jonglei, Eastern Nile, and Pibor States) since late July, causing the White Nile River, and the Akobo River to overflow, triggering floods that have resulted in casualties and damage. In Jonglei State, media report as of 14 August, around 200,000 displaced people, and thousands of destroyed houses across Bor South, Twic East, Duk, and Ayod Counties. In the eastern part of Upper Nile State, approximately 30,000 people were reported affected across the Renk County. In Pibor state, a number of families were reported displaced throughout Pochalla County. (ECHO, 14 Aug 2020)

More than 600,000 people have been affected by flooding in areas along the White Nile since July, with Jonglei and Lakes the worst affected states. Heavy rains have caused rivers to overflow their dykes and banks, flooding vast areas and settlements along the White Nile in the centre of the country.The majority of people displaced moved to higher ground near their homes and plan to return once the flood waters recede. In Bor South, over 33,000 people earlier displaced by conflict and flooding in Twic East and Duk counties to the north have moved west into Awerial county, and are now sheltering in Mingkaman town IDP settlement. (OCHA, 3 Sep 2020)

Pakistan: Floods and Landslides - Aug 2020

Affected country: Pakistan
Glide: FL-2020-000185-PAK

Heavy rainfall started in Sindh and Baluchistan from the 6 August and continued till the 7 August with intermissions. Continuous rain over a period of 24 hours caused massive flooding in Karachi, Hyderabad, Shaheed Benazirabad and Dadu of Sindh province. However, Tehsil Johi in Dadu district is the area which is greatly affected by flash floods. It has been reported that floods are not only damaging infrastructures and houses but also destroyed crops in Johi Tehsil. Government of Sindh has declared 80 villages in Dadu district as “Calamity Affected Areas’’. The floods also hit different parts of Baluchistan including Kacchi, Sibbi, Harnai, Naseerabad, Jafferabad and Jhal Magsi districts where Jhal Magsi and Jafferabad districts as the most affected areas according to the rapid needs' assessment report. On 18 August, the Government of Baluchistan also declared emergency in Jhal Magsi district.

Dadu district, located at the border between Baluchistan and Sindh, was the worst hit area in recent monsoon floods. Multiple breaches reported in ‘Flood Protection Embankment’ on 8 August, which triggered flooding in at least 200 villages in Johi Taluka (Tehsil), Dadu district.According to the data collected form Revenue Department at Taluka Revenue Office Johi by PRCS teams, 109 villages in 84 Dehs (villages) of seven UCs (out of total 14 UCs) of Taluka Johi were hit by flood/flash flood. Total population in these affected UCs is approximately 136,520 which is scattered, and these type of topography makes them more vulnerable and inaccessible.

Torrential rains that lashed 22 districts of Baluchistan province on 7 August caused flooding and damaged bridges and highways, cutting off highways Gwadar-Karachi, Quetta-Jacobabad from main cities. Several parts of the province were inundated with floodwaters and the paramilitary personnel were called in to evacuate people to safer areas. In Bolan area, flash floods swamped and damaged the main Quetta-Sibi highway at various points, cutting off the area with the provincial capital. Initially, it has been reported that Jhal Magsi, Jafferabad, Sibi, Harnai, Naseerabad and Kachi districts areas are badly affected by the floods. In Jhal Magsi district alone, six UC and 40 villages are completely washed away by heavy floods. Apart from damage of infrastructures and destruction to houses, seven persons are reported dead and more than 50 are injured, and the floods washed away standing crops and livestock on its way in district Jhal Magsi and Jafferabad. (IFRC, 20 Aug 2020)

Monsoon rains and associated flooding continue to affect Pakistan, resulting in at least 90 fatalities and injuring 40, according to national authorities. More than 1,080 houses, 5 bridges and 10 roads have been damaged or destroyed. On 24-25 August, rescue operations in Karachi, and Dadu Districts (Sindh Province) saw the evacuation of 1,544 individuals, after flooding and landslides. Media report 3 people killed and hundreds of homes and streets inundated. Additional rain and thunderstorms are forecast over most of Pakistan on 26-27 August. (ECHO, 26 Aug 2020)

Monsoon rains and associated flooding continue to affect Pakistan, resulting in at least 163 fatalities, and more than 100 injured, as reported by national authorities on 30 August. More than 1,590 houses, nine bridges and 10 roads were damaged or destroyed. Over 20-29 August, heavy rain and urban flooding occurred in Karachi City (Sindh Province), leading to at least 27 fatalities and 13 injured. National authorities are carrying out rescue and relief activities, while food items have been distributed to the affected population. Heavy rain is forecast over most of Punjab, northern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Gilgit-Baltistan, and AJK Regions on 31 August - 1 September. (ECHO, 31 Aug 2020)

Torrential rainfall continues to affect Pakistan, causing floods, triggering landslides and leading to an increasing number of casualties and damage. Over 31 August - 1 September, at least 13 people died and 27 have been injured following flash floods and landslides in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province. Since the beginning of the monsoon season, the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) reports 189 fatalities, 128 injuries and 2,245 damaged houses. (ECHO, 3 Sep 2020)

After flash floods, triggered by monsoon rain occurred across Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province (north-west Pakistan) on 31 August-2 September, the number of fatalities and damage continues to increase According to national authorities, 30 individuals died, and 38 others were injured in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, during the recent flash flood event. More than 130 houses, one bridge, and a worship place have been damaged or destroyed. Several roads have been blocked or damaged by flash floods, isolating many communities Since the beginning of monsoon season in Pakistan at least 206 people have died, while 139 individuals have been injured. (ECHO, 4 Sep 2020)

As monsoon rains continue to batter different parts of Pakistan, casualties have risen to over 230 people and 170 people being injured. Sindh is the most impacted province with some 2.27 million people being affected. According to the Government, over 214.000 houses are partially or fully damaged, and around 1 million acres of crops are destroyed. Over 23,600 people have been displaced and are hosted across nearly 200 relief camps. (OCHA, 8 Sep 2020)

Monsoon rains continue to affect several provinces since mid-June and so far have resulted in the death of 400 people, over 390 people injured, and more than 217,000 houses being partially or completed damaged. Sindh Province remains the most affected area, where over 68,000 people are currently displaced in relief camps. (OCHA, 22 Sep 2020)

A massive landslide occurred in Gilgit-Baltistan Region (northern Pakistan) on 18 October, causing casualties and damage. Media report, as of 19 October, at least 16 fatalities due to the accident occurred to a bus in Tangus Village area, on the mountain road between Rawalpindi City (Punjab Province) and Skardu Town. The landslide followed heavy rain in the area and construction works on Skardu road to widen it. (ECHO, 19 Oct 2020)

Lebanon: Beirut Port Explosions - Aug 2020

Affected country: Lebanon
Glide: OT-2020-000177-LBN

On 4 August, a warehouse at the Beirut Port exploded, causing widespread casualties and material damage. National and international search and rescue teams and disaster management experts have been dispatched to support ongoing emergency efforts. Initial reports indicate more than 135 people were killed, and an additional 5,000 people were injured. Scores more remain missing. Widespread structural damage was reported at the port and surrounding commercial and residential neighborhoods. Multiple health facilities sustained damages. Hospitals have been overwhelmed with casualties, with many intensive care units (ICUs) already near capacity due to COVID-19. The Government of Lebanon estimates that the explosions have left more than 300,000 people homeless in the Greater Beirut area. The United Nations is mobilizing assistance to support the ongoing government-led emergency response. (OCHA, 5 Aug 2020)

Cameroon: Floods - Aug 2020

Affected country: Cameroon
Glide: FL-2020-000195-CMR

Heavy rainfall in Mayo-Danay division, Far North region, at the end of July has caused widespread flooding in seven districts. According to the Cameroonian Red Cross, 5,553 people, including 1,260 children under five years old and 407 individuals with special needs have lost their shelter, personal belongings, livestock and field crops. The Cameroonian Red Cross has provided empty bags to build small dykes to prevent further damages, but the assistance capacity is insufficient because of the absence of humanitarian organizations in the division. More rain is forecasted and further floods expected across the Logone river. (OCHA, 19 Aug 2020)

The Far-North region has been drenched by heavy rains since the beginning of the rainy season in July and between 11 and 12 September 2020, intense and continuous rains poured in the Mayo-Danay (19,218 people) and in the Mayo-Kani (7,184 people) divisions with a an unprecedented level of rainfall ranging between 40mm and 85mm. According to data collected by the local Red Cross committees in the concerned divisions, more than 26,402 people have been affected...The forecast and the rainy season which usually lasts until the end of October, raise fears of further loss of human life and significant deterioration of the situation. The climate forecasts of the Climatology and Data Bank Service (part of the Directorate of National Meteorology) which predicted new rainfall by the end of September proved to be correct. In recent days, the region has been hit by new rains thereby worsening the situation in the affected areas. Rainfall was between 40mm and 85mm and the forecast continues to anticipate rain in October. In addition, the maps of the geographical relief of the area which feature flood zones anticipate that the rains in the Logone-and-Chari and Diamaré divisions flow into the Mayo-Kani and Mayo-Danay valleys, which are the most at risk due to their geography. In these areas, there are also dams that are at risk of breaking under the pressure of such amount of rains. (IFRC, 8 Oct 2020)

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