Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

6 de abril de 2020
Erasmus Mundus Master in Public Health in Disasters

idiomas

Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

Desastres activos

Yemen: Flash Floods - Mar 2020

Affected country: Yemen
Glide: FF-2020-000123-YEM

Heavy rains hit southern parts of Yemen on 24 and 25 March, affecting Lahj, Aden, Abyan, Taizz, Al Dale’e, Al Mahrah and Hadramaut governorates badly. In Aden, torrential rains flooded houses and roads in Crater and Al Mualla districts. In Hadramaut, houses, road bridges, water networks, and crops were destroyed and livestock drowned in Al Sawm, Hajr, Mayfa and Brom districts. Sites for internally displaced people (IDPs) were worst affected where rains destroyed shelters and property and led to stagnant water. Initial findings suggest that at least 4,625 families have been affected in 60 IDP sites. (OCHA, 31 Mar 2020)

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Egypt: Floods - Mar 2020

Affected country: Egypt
Glide: FL-2020-000038-EGY

On 11 March 2020, the Egyptian Red Crescent issued an emergency alert and activated its Central Emergency Operations Center (EOC) as well as the Emergency Operations Rooms at the Branches. The continued severe weather, including heavy rain, strong winds and thunderstorms caused widespread flooding across Egypt, killing at least 40 people. According to Ministry of Social Solidarity (MoSS), 10 people died and more than 400 injured in Cairo, 3 people died and 5 were injured in Qena Governorate (central Egypt). The remaining fatalities occurred in Giza, Ismailia, Sharkeia, New Valley, Menofia, and South Sinai Governorates, 12 people missing. The train service was suspended nationwide, as heavy rain caused a train collision in northern Giza, injuring 13 people. The official figures reported by the MoSS on the number of people affected by the floods in the country estimates 20,000 people (4,000 families). (IFRC, 26 Mar 2020)

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Iran: Locust Infestation - Mar 2020

Affected country: Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Glide: IN-2020-000041-IRN

In late February, there were 22 reports of moderate to high-density immature swarms in coastal areas in Khuzestan, Bushehr, southern Fars and western Hormozgan provinces. Limited local breeding has occurred on the south-east coast in Hormozgan province. Last year, desert locusts resulted in major losses on over 500,000 hectares of farmlands and gardens. The number of locust swarms this year is predicted to reach seven-fold that of last year. As a result, controlling activities will continue until June at a large scale targeting up to a million hectares of agricultural lands in 10 southern and south-western provinces of the country. (OCHA, 10 Mar 2020)

Desert Locust invaded Iran in late February 2020 and quickly spread to four southern provinces of western Hormozgan, Boushehr, Khouzestan, and southern Fars, where the adults rapidly matured and laid eggs in areas that had received good rains. This breeding will cause a substantial increase in locust numbers once eggs hatch in March, hoppers form bands in April and a new generation of swarms form by the end of May. The southern provinces (along the Persian Gulf) have a very suitable condition for spring breeding and if not effectively managed, two generations could occur, giving rise to a 400-fold increase in locust numbers before the summer. (FAO, 24 Mar 2020)

Six provinces in southern Iran have been infected by swarms of desert locust in an area of around 45,000 hectares of land. Hatchings in southern provinces are expected to increase to the great amount before the summer if not effectively managed. For instance, it is forecasted the number of hatchings in Boushehr province could reach up to 800 billion from 2 billion as of 15 March. (OCHA, 31 Mar 2020)

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Sri Lanka: Drought - Mar 2020

Affected country: Sri Lanka
Glide: DR-2020-000122-LKA

On 4 March, the Disaster Management Centre of Sri Lanka reported that 39,801 people were affected by the drought in four districts (Gov't of Sri Lanka, 4 Mar 2020). By 10 March, that number rose to more than 88,500 drought-affected people - an increase of more than 122 per cent - in six districts (Gov't of Sri Lanka, 10 Mar 2020).

As of 20 March, the Disaster Management Centre reported over 90,000 families affected by water stress across 11 Districts. In early March, a total of 71,349 households across 6 districts are being supplied drinking water due to over two and a half months of dry spell. A major water distribution is ongoing in Kalutara and Beruwala DS Divisions in the Kalutara District. (WFP, 20 Mar 2020).

As of 23 March, over 337,000 people across 8 out of 25 Sri Lankan districts are facing a water crisis due to the dry spell and sea water intrusion into surface water, according to Disaster Management Centre. Kalutara, Kegalle and Ratnapura districts are the most affected. The local authorities are addressing the crisis through tankering, installing water purification plant and water tanks in the affected areas. The seasonal climate outlook for March - May, issued by the Department of Meteorology on 4 March, indicates a continuation of the dry spell in March and April but the south-west monsoon, starting in May, is likely to improve the current situation (ECHO, 23 Mar 2020).

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Bolivia: Floods - Feb 2020

Affected country: Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Glide: FL-2019-000034-BOL

Flooding was triggered by heavy rain in La Paz Department (central-western Bolivia) on 9 February. According to media reports, as of 10 February, the overflow of Torrentera river caused one death and destroyed at least 12 houses and several roads. More than 50 families have been affected by the event, with the worst-hit areas Achocalla and Alto Irpavi municipalities. (ECHO, 10 Feb 2020)

Heavy rain has been affecting northern and western Bolivia and Peru, triggering river overflow, floods and mudslides. In Bolivia, media report 8 deaths, 250 families affected and 50 houses destroyed across La Paz, Santa Cruz, Potosi, Beni, Cochabamba, and Tarija Departments. (ECHO, 13 Feb 2020)

On 14 February 2020, the Bolivia Government Information Agency declared a disaster zone for Luribay Municipality, La Paz Department, due to heavy rain and river flooding that has affected 500 families, 30 households, and 1,050 hectares of agricultural land. In addition, media reported this rainy season overall has affected eight of nine regions of the country were 6,423 families suffered injuries. To date, 17 deaths have been registered. (PAHO, 14 Feb 2020)

As of 21 February, one person reportedly died in Potosi City, while the worst hit areas are La Paz, Potosi, Santa Cruz and Cochabamba departments. According to national authorities, the severe weather has caused 19 fatalities and has affected at least 10,727 families. More than 414 houses have been destroyed and approximately 11,000 livestock affected. Several municipalities remain isolated, while a landslide caused the closure of the Cochabamba-Santa Cruz highway. A state of emergency was declared for La Paz Department. The level of several rivers across Bolivia has increased, and red alerts for river water level have been issued for the Maniqui and Secure Rivers (central Bolivia). On 21 February, red alerts for heavy rainfall and thunderstorms remain in force for Beni and La Paz departments. (ECHO, 21 Feb 2020)

The Minister of Defence reported on 26 February that the number of families affected has climbed to 11,669, as torrential rainfalls continue to affect Bolivia. Floods and landslides have also left 3,913 families homeless, while affected municipalities now total 72. The Government is working across all affected areas in the country, including 16 municipalities who have declared a state of emergency. UN agencies and Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) members are supporting Government response. (OCHA, 2 Mar 2020)

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Pakistan: Locust Infestation - Feb 2020

Affected country: Pakistan
Glide: IN-2020-000035-PAK

In Pakistan, ground control operations continue in spring breeding areas of Baluchistan against hopper groups in the interior (Dalbandin) and near the coast in Turbat, Gwadar and Lasbela. Similar operations are in progress against hoppper and adult groups in a few summer areas of Nara and Cholistan deserts. Teams treated 4 625 ha on 1-15 June. Adult groups will move from Baluchistan to the summer breeding areas along the Indo-Pakistan border where more hatching and the formation of hopper groups will occur. (FAO, 20 Jun 2019)

In Pakistan, ground control operations (4 000 ha) are underway against groups of mature adults that are laying in adjacent areas of Tharparkar and Cholistan deserts. Hatching and band formation will occur during the remainder of July. A second generation of breeding could start as soon as mid-August south of Rohri near the Indus Valley in Pakistan where early breeding occurred in May. The scale and extent of the summer breeding will depend on this year's monsoon rains, which are so far about two weeks late in arriving to the breeding areas along both sides of the border. (FAO, 16 Jul 2019)

Pakistan is experiencing its worst locust infestation since the 1990s. According to initial estimates by the Chamber of Agriculture, as much as 40 percent of crops in the country have been destroyed. This includes food crops such as wheat and vegetables and commodity crops such as cotton. The extended monsoon season has provided conditions that have allowed the locusts to continue breeding and surviving for longer in the Indo-Pakistan border region. Food insecurity is already high in the country, with over 3 million people in IPC Phases 3 and 4, particularly in Balochistan and Sindh provinces. Damage to crops at this magnitude is not only a threat to food security in the affected communities, but also poses a challenge for livelihoods as many rural farmers use the money from selling crops to pay off debt and survive financially during the off season. (ACAPS, 21 Nov 2019)

In South-West Asia, locust infestations are declining along both sides of the Indo-Pakistan border due to control operations, drying conditions and swarm migration towards the west. So far this month, Pakistan has treated more than 20 000 ha. Adult groups and swarms are expected to arrive in southwest Pakistan and southeast Iran during the next few weeks. Some swarms may continue moving west along the southern coast of Iran to areas of recent good rains. If temperatures remain warm, egg-laying could occur now, giving rise to hopper groups and bands in January; otherwise, breeding will commence in about February or March. Both countries are advised to be extremely vigilant in all areas and undertake regular surveys, supplemented by control operations whenever necessary. (FAO, 18 Dec 2019)

The government declared national emergency to eliminate the attacking swarms of desert locust which are destroying crops on a large scale in Punjab after wiping out the same in Sindh. (DAWN, 1 Feb 2020).

On 1 February, the government of Pakistan declared a national emergency over locust swarms, which have been destroying crops in Punjab region. The Ministry of National Food Security and Research and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) endorsed a $500,000 Technical Cooperation Programme (TCP) to make FAO’s technical expertise available to national experts in order to strengthen their capacities to combat the Desert Locust infestation and improve locust management. (FAO, 16 Feb 2020)

Mature adult groups and swarmlets were seen copulating in Okara district of Punjab and Dera Ismail Khan and Lucky Marwat districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Spring breeding is in progress in the interior of Baluchistan between Khuzdar and Dalbandin, and on the southwest coast near Turbat where adult groups are laying eggs and early instar hopper groups are already forming. Ground teams treated 4 490 ha (18-29 Feb). New generation immature groups and swarms could start forming in Baluchistan by the end of March. (FAO, 3 Mar 2020)

As of 12 March, twenty one districts of Blochistan, Punjab, Sindh and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Provinces have been under the threat of desert locust infestation. The government has devised a national action plan for Desert Locust Control and Surveillance. Under the national action plan, districts committees are formed for coordination. 173 teams have been deployed across Pakistan in affected areas for surveillance and control of locust. FAO is providing technical, material and logistics support to the Ministry of Food Security. (OCHA, 12 Mar 2020)

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Tanzania: Floods - Jan 2020

Affected country: United Republic of Tanzania
Glide: FL-2020-000029-TZA

On 27 January, heavy rainfall occurred in Kilwa, Liwale and Ruangwa districts in Lindi region in south-eastern Tanzania. This resulted in flash floods that have led to fatalities and major damage. The latest update from the local government, shared on 28 January, reported more than 18,000 people affected, 13 deaths, 5 people missing, 1,746 houses completely destroyed, and 1,074 latrines collapsed...The flash floods have caused major damage to local infrastructure, livelihoods and personal properties. Schools, roads and bridges have been destroyed as well as 495 acres of farmland. Some of the areas are only accessible by boat...At this point of time the Tanzania Red Cross Society (TRCS) is fully relying on a local government source for its data. One National Disaster Response Team (NDRT) member; 1 water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) staff person; and 1 health staff person are currently on their way to the affected area to support the local branch with initial response and rapid assessment. TRCS is confronted with floods in various parts of the country. On 27 January, Dodoma, Iringa and Songwe have also been affected by flash floods, with respectively 900 and 500 people affected. Therefore, the DM team at headquarters is overstretched and has requested additional surge support to support the local branch and NDRT with the rapid assessment, as well as the development of the full operational strategy. (IFRC, 29 Jan 2020)

Heavy rain and floods continue to affect most parts of Tanzania, particularly the Lindi, Mwanza, Morogoro and Manyara regions, leading to at least 40 fatalities. According to media reports, 21 people were killed by floods in Lindi (south-east Tanzania) and 9 in Mwanza (north-west Tanzania) and 3 in Manyara (north-eastern Tanzania). In Morogoro (central-east Tanzania) 7 people died after flooding occurred in Mvomero and Malinyi districts. More than 15,000 people have been displaced and around 1,750 houses destroyed. Over the next 24 hours, more heavy rain and thunderstorms are forecast over the already affected regions. (ECHO, 07 Feb 2020)

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Turkey: Earthquake - Jan 2020

Affected country: Turkey
Glide: EQ-2020-000018-TUR

A 6.8 magnitude earthquake struck Eastern Turkey at 8:55 p.m. local time on 24 January, at a depth of 15km and centred near the district of Sivrice in eastern Elazig province. Soon after the initial quake, the province was shaken further by a series aftershocks ranging from between a magnitude 5.4 to 3.3. The earthquake was felt in provinces as far as southern Adana and northern Samsun, along with northern Syria and Iraq. (Turkish Red Crescent Society, 24 Jan 2020)

The number of fatalities in Elazig and Malatya provinces (central-eastern Turkey) has increased to 41, after the earthquake of 6.7M occurred in Sivrice District on 24 January. Search and rescue operations have ended. The Turkish Disaster and Emergency Management Authority (AFAD) reports that the number of damaged buildings has increased to 11,032, of which 274 are destroyed. (ECHO, 28 Jan 2020)

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Central African Republic: Measles Outbreak - Jan 2020

Affected country: Central African Republic
Glide: EP-2020-000120-CAF

On 24 January, the Ministry of Health declared a national epidemic of measles. More than 3,600 cases were registered and 53 persons have died so far between February 2019 and January 2020. Several cases are reported in northern and central provincial towns such as Paoua, Vakaga, Nana-Gribizi, Batangafo, Bocaranga, Ngaoundaye and Bambari. The authorities are calling for support from technical partners and donors to scale up the response against the outbreak to immediately secure sufficient quantities of vaccines, targeting all children aged between 6 months and nine years old. (OCHA, 29 Jan 2020)

The measles outbreak in Central African Republic, formally declared by the Ministry of Health on 24 January 2020, is evolving rapidly in numbers and expanding geographically. The incidence cases have risen sharply in the last weeks, following weeks of a gradual decline in the weekly trend in December 2019. In week 6 (week ending 9 February 2020), a total of 82 suspected measles cases and no deaths were reported, compared to 195 cases and one death in week 5 and 483 cases and no deaths in week 4. Between weeks 1-6 of 2020, a total of 1 498 suspected measles cases, including 15 deaths (case fatality ratio 0.3 %) have been reported in 13 out of the 35 districts in the country. Of the 13 districts with active measles outbreaks, five have been newly affected in 2020, namely Bangui in an urban area, Baboua-Abba, Nangha-Boguila, Bossémbélé, and Ouango-Gambo in rural areas. The last two districts around Bangui 1 (Bangui II and Bangui III) in urban areas and Bouar, Bozoum in rural areas reported suspected measles cases. Laboratory tests are ongoing. The measles outbreak in Central African Republic has been ongoing since early 2019 (week 5 of 2019) and continued through to 2020. There was an upsurge in cases in the last half of 2019, with a steady decline in December 2019. From 1 January 2019 to 9 February 2020, a total of 5 724 suspected measles cases, including 83 deaths (case fatality ratio 1.45%) have been reported in 13 health districts (WHO, 16 Feb 2020)

Between weeks 1-9, 2020, a total of 6641 suspected measles cases were reported in 21 of the 35 districts in the country. Of these, 517 cases were confirmed positive for measles immunoglobulin (IgM+) at the Institut Pasteur of Bangui. The majority (72%) of affected people are in the age group of 0 to 4 years, followed by the age group 5 to 10 years (18%). Females represent 49% of affected people. Since the beginning of the measles outbreak in early 2019 (week 5 of 2019) till week 9, 2020, a total of 11 496 suspected cases and 108 deaths (case fatality ratio 0.9%) have been recorded from 21 districts across the country. (WHO, 15 Mar 2020)

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Madagascar: Floods - Jan 2020

Affected country: Madagascar
Glide: FL-2020-000019-MDG

Since the beginning of the month, several areas of Madagascar have been affected by floods triggered by heavy rain, resulting in at least 6 deaths and widespread damage. According to media reports, 4 people died in Antananarivo (central Madagascar), and approximately 400 were affected. Several districts of Antananarivo were flooded and buildings destroyed, including the University of Antananarivo. In Andapa Municipality (north-east Madagascar) 2 people died as a result of flooding. In north-west Madagascar, Mahajanga Municipality has been particularly affected, with roads and buildings damaged by flood waters. On 21 January, red warnings for heavy rain were issued for areas in north-west Madagascar, while red warnings for strong winds and high waves are in effect for coastal western Madagascar. Rain will continue to affect most of the country over 22-23 January. (ECHO, 22 Jan 2020)

Following widespread floods and landslides across several the Alaotra Mangoro, Analamanga, Betsiboka, Boeny, Melaky and Sofia regions, 13 people are now confirmed dead. According to media reports, at least 19 people are missing, approximately 3,000 people are displaced and more than 47,000 affected. Roads are damaged in the northern part of the country, leaving some villages isolated. Heavy rain and thunderstorms are forecast over north-western, central-eastern and south-eastern regions. (ECHO, 24 Jan 2020)

Heavy rainfall and flooding caused by a tropical disturbance have affected nearly 107,000 people, including more than 16,000 displaced, and caused at least 31 deaths in Madagascar over the last week. The Government declared a State of Emergency on 24 January and is leading the humanitarian response. (OCHA, 26 Jan 2020)

As of 25 January, the human toll is 9 people missing, 31 reported dead, 106,846 affected, 16,031 displaced. The estimation of damage on infrastructure is as follows: 67 public schools completely destroyed, 28 public schools partially destroyed, 18 schools used as evacuation centers. The government declare an Emergency State by the prime Minister. The delivery of humanitarian aid is the biggest issue for humanitarian actor, and the mobilization of sectoral prepositioning and on-site stock is prioritized in the current activities. (IFRC, 05 Feb 2020)

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occupied Palestinian territory: Cold Wave - Jan 2020

Affected country: occupied Palestinian territory
Glide: CW-2020-000026-PSE

Extreme weather conditions have hit the West Bank and Gaza Strip starting on Saturday 18/1/2020 including heavy rain floods, winds, and low-temperature cold wave. The heavy rain generated floods in several part of Palestine and thousands of people were affected with many families being evacuated from their homes. The extreme weather conditions resulted in the deaths of 3 people; two in the Gaza Strip and one in Jerusalem due to the heavy rains and flooding. (IFRC 2 Feb 2020))

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Afghanistan: Cold Wave - Jan 2020

Affected country: Afghanistan
Glide: CW-2020-000008-AFG

Several people have died as a result of heavy snow and low temperatures, which have affected parts of Afghanistan. As of 13 January, media report at least 17 fatalities. In Herat Province (central-west Afghanistan) and Kandahar Province (central Afghanistan), several houses have collapsed. Humanitarian aid operations have been hindered by the closure of key roads, including the Salang Tunnel and the Kabul-Kandahar Highway. (ECHO, 13 Jan 2020)

Last week, heavy snowfall and rain were reported in Zabul, Uruzgan, Kandahar and Hilmand provinces resulting in main roads connecting Kandahar to Kabul and Kandahar to Uruzgan being temporarily closed to public movement. Some 25 families (approximately 175 people) were affected by the heavy snowfall in Zabul province. Three members of a family were killed and two women and a child were injured when a room collapsed in Qalat district in Zabul province. In another incident, two people including a child were killed when a shop collapsed in Kandahar due to water damage caused by rain. Last week, 1,224 IDPs who were affected by conflict received humanitarian assistance in Kandahar, Zabul and Uruzgan provinces. Food and relief items were distributed by the Government to the 25 families who were affected by heavy snowfall in Zabul province. Assessments were ongoing to identify people who were displaced by conflict in Kandahar and Hilmand provinces. (OCHA, 15 Jan 2020)

Many areas of the country are still inaccessible, due to heavy snowfall, avalanches and landslides in the hilly part of the country, making it difficult to obtain a complete picture of the impact of the disaster and total number of affected families. However as per initial report of Afghan Red Crescent Society (ARCS) around 655 houses are partially damaged, 30 houses are completely destroyed, 13 people dead, 40 people injured, and 322 families are displaced to the safe places. It is estimated that up to two meters of snow have fallen in different parts of Afghanistan and many avalanches are reported within a span of four nights. Initial assessments indicate that limited food supplies in local markets have caused an inflation in the prices. Worse yet, the frozen ground has made it a challenge for affected communities. (IFRC, 20 Jan 2020)

Heavy snowfall and rain continue to impact civilians in southern and western Afghanistan. In 2020, some 1,170 people were affected. Harsh weather conditions resulted in road closures interrupting the delivery of humanitarian assistance in Badghis province. Ongoing winterisation assistance reached tens of thousands of people in need since late last year including 68,000 internally displaced people in Hirat and Ghor provinces. (OCHA, 20 Jan 2020)

Reportedly, on 16 February, avalanches severely affected over 100 villages in seven districts in Daykundi province and caused significant damage to homes and agricultural land. Around 400 families are affected by avalanches and inter-agency teams are deployed to carry out needs assessment in Daykundi province. (OCHA, 23 Feb 2020)

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Pakistan: Cold Wave - Jan 2020

Affected country: Pakistan
Glide: CW-2020-000003-PAK

Heavy snow and rain have been reported across Pakistan leading to fatalities and damage. According to media, at least 14 people died as a result of heavy snow in several parts of Balochistan (south-west Pakistan), while five people died due to heavy rain in Rajanpur District (Punjab Province, eastern Pakistan). There are reports that a dam broke in Kech District (Baalochistan), damaging many houses. Several areas remain isolated, rescue and relief operations are hampered by the closure of main roads. A state of emergency has been declared for Mastung, Qila Abdullah, Kech, Ziarat, Harnai, and Pishin districts (Balochistan). (ECHO, 13 Jan 2020)

75 people are dead in Pakistan, 59 after avalanches in AJK and 41 in the Neelam Valley. 53 houses were destroyed across AJK and 64 people injured throughout the country. (ECHO, 15 Jan 2020)

Severe weather, including heavy snow and low temperatures, affected Pakistan (particularly Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Gilgit-Baltistan), causing widespread incidents and fatalities. According to the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), 100 people died, 76 in Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK), 20 in Balochistan, 2 in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and 2 in Gilgit-Baltistan. Moreover, 90 people have been injured and 213 houses have been damaged. (ECHO, 16 Jan 2020)

According to [NDMA], as of 17 January, 104 people died, 77 in Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK), 20 in Balochistan, 5 in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and 2 in Gilgit-Baltistan. At least 96 people have been injured, 236 houses have been damaged and several roads have been blocked by snow avalanches. (ECHO, 17 Jan 2020).

As of 20 January, the number of people who died in the snow spell has increased to 105, with the highest reported in PAK (78) and Balochistan (20). NDMA has reported that the damage to houses has significantly increased from 200 to 1,295 mostly located in Balochistan (1,057). The total number of affected people has not yet been confirmed by the authorities. A state of emergency was declared by Balochistan Government in eleven (11) districts - Quetta, Ziarat, Pishin, Kila Abdullah, Kachhi (Kolpur area), Mastung, Harnai, Kila Saifullah, Loralai, Kalat and Kech after a spell of heavy rain and snowfall across the province. (OCHA, 20 Jan 2020)

Three days onward, and the death toll continues to rise. With almost 110 deaths reported, approximately 70 percent of these occurred in P.A.K., while around 20 percent were reported in Balochistan. [NDMA] has found that 1,300 houses have been damaged in the inclement weather, with more than 80 percent of these houses located in Balochistan. Assessments conducted by Pakistan Red Crescent Society in Neelum district shows almost 6,400 people have been displaced due to avalanches and landslides. The displaced families are living with host families as no communal camps have been established to date. So far, air support has been disrupted due to bad weather. (OCHA, 23 Jan 2020).

There has been no further increase in reported deaths or house damages while a slight increase in injuries due to the recent avalanche and snow/rain spell in four affected provinces of Pakistan. So far, the highest number of deaths were reported in P.A.K. (79) and Balochistan (21), followed by Khyber Pakthunkhwa (5) and Gilgit Baltistan (2). According to data compiled from authorities, around 1 million people have been affected while the total number of people in the affected districts stands at 2.5 million. More than 1,000 houses were damaged in Balochistan, mainly due to land sliding and heavy snow in 11 notified districts of Balochistan. Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA) has identified four (4) additional districts as affected. The total tehsils affected are 37 in 15 districts. (OCHA, 24 Jan 2020).

Heavy rain, snow and low temperatures have been affecting Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province (north-western Pakistan) since 4 March. According to national authorities, at least 25 people died and more than 56 were injured following weather-induced incidents. Approximately 180 houses were damaged or destroyed. Many villages remain isolated due to heavy snow and landslides, blocking main road access. An extreme weather emergency is in effect in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa until 14 March. (ECHO, 9 Mar 2020).

On 10 March, an avalanche occurred in Nathia Gali Town (Abbottabad District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) killing at least 4 people and injuring 29 others. Over 20 people are missing, search and rescue operations are ongoing. (ECHO, 11 Mar 2020).

The number of fatalities following persistent heavy rain and snow in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (north-west Pakistan) has risen to 57. More than 100 people have also been injured according to national authorities. 260 houses/public buildings have been damaged or destroyed. Roads in Abbottabad District (north-east Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) remain closed, isolating many villages. (ECHO, 13 Mar 2020)

On 1-15 March, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in north Pakistan was heavily affected by rainfall, which triggered floods, avalanche and several landslides across the north districts. According to national authorities, 60 people died, while 114 were injured. Approximately 139 buildings were destroyed, and 780 others were damaged. Due to landslide and avalanche,damage was reported to main highways, leading to the isolation of several districts. (ECHO, 18 March 2020)

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Philippines: Taal Volcano - Jan 2020

Affected country: Philippines
Glide: VO-2020-000002-PHL

On 12 January around 21:00 UTC, the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology recorded increased volcanic activities generating an eruption plume one kilometre-high accompanied by volcanic tremor and felt earthquakes in Volcano Island and barangays of Agoncillo, in the province of Batangas. The government raised the alert status to Level 3 after the volcano spewed ash in a phreatic eruption. Residents from at least three municipalities of the province of Batangas were evacuated. The Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) in Manila put on hold all departing and arriving flights due to ash fall. (ECHO, 12 Jan 2020)

On 12 January, alert level-4 (hazardous eruption imminent) was raised over Taal Volcano located in the CALABARZON region 70 km south of the capital Manila. The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) raised the alert level a few hours after it raised the alert to level-3 on the evening of 12 January. According to PHIVOLCS, Taal Volcano entered a period of unrest beginning with phreatic or steam-driven activity in several points inside the main crater that then progressed into a magmatic eruption at 2:49 a.m. local time on 13 January. This magmatic eruption is characterized by weak lava fountaining accompanied by thunder and flashes of lightning. Seismic activity was also recorded in Tagaytay City, Cabuyao, Laguna, Talisay, Alitagtag, Lemery and Bauan, Batangas, with over 75 volcanic earthquakes felt at an intensity ranging from II to V as of 5 a,m. that morning. These developments signify likely continuous magmatic intrusion beneath the volcano, which may lead to further eruptive activity. (OCHA, 13 Jan 2020)

As of 15 January, a total of 423 volcanic earthquakes were recorded in Taal region. Of which, 137 were felt, ranging from Magnitude 1.2 - 4.1 and Intensity of I - V. About 44,000 people have been affected, of which at least 40,000 are taking temporary shelter in 189 evacuation centers. If the eruption column remains at 3 km or below, the ash plumes will be drifted to the municipalities southwest of Taal Volcano. However, if a major eruption occurs and the column exceeds 3 km, ash plumes will be drifted over south-eastern portion of Batangas and some municipalities of Quezon, Mindoro, and Marinduque. (Govt. of the Philippines, 15 Jan 2020)

Over the past 24 hours, Taal volcano erupted an ash plume up to 800 meters high. The ash dispersed southwest of the Main Crater but the activity is slightly weakening. A total of 566 volcanic earthquakes have been registered since 12 January. According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), more than 53,000 people have been sheltered in 244 evacuation centres located in the Provinces of Cavite and Batangas and more than 65,000 have been affected. The alert Level 4 remains in effect as well as the mandatory evacuation order for people living in a radius of 14 km from the Main Crater. (ECHO, 16 Jan 2020)

The Philippines Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHILVOCS) warned that another eruption may take place within the next few days, especially as there have been more than 30 volcanic earthquakes in the last 24 hours. The Batangas Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management office (PDRRMO) has now put almost 15 areas in lockdown status. More than 10 municipalities are in total lockdown, affecting an estimated total of over 502,500 people. The Department of Education (DepEd) reports that an estimated 73,000 school age children have been displaced and almost 80 schools have been abandoned. Aside from a growing need for food, water, fresh clothes, and sleeping mats, the IDPs are also starting to suffer from anxiety and depression. (ECHO, 18 Jan 2020).

As of 20 January, about 259,000 people were affected by the Taal Volcano phreatic eruption. Of which 146,992 were taking temporary shelter in 489 evacuation centers and 70,216 persons stayed with their relatives and/or friends or in open spaces. (Govt. of the Philippines, 20 Jan 2020)

Figures continue to climb as official warnings states that another hazardous eruption is possible within the next few days. Around 271,000 have been affected by the Taal Volcano eruption, with approximately 148,500 people staying throughout almost 500 evacuation centres. An estimated 63 million USD worth of damage has accrued against Filopino agriculture due to the eruption. (OCHA, 21 Jan 2020)

As of 24 January, 346,000 people have been affected by the Taal Volcano eruption. Approximately 137,500 people are currently staying throughout almost 490 evacuation centres. An estimated 145,000 people are being serviced outside of these evacuation centres. Approximately $63 million USD worth of damage has impacted on the Filopino agricultural sector, while almost 80 schools have been abandoned due to the eruption. Volcanic earthquakes continue in the region, with an average of six quakes occurring per day, between 21 and 24 January. (OCHA, 24 Jan 2020)

Taal volcano continues to emit white steam-laden plumes of 50-800 meters high drifting north-east and has seen 170 volcanic earthquakes and 4 low-frequency earthquakes in the last 24 hours, as of 27 January. Almost 395,000 people have been affected by the eruption, with nearly 137,500 displaced across more than 530 evacuation centres. Over 170,650 are taking shelter with relatives. The Batangas provincial government reported around 22,000 damaged houses, with more expected given ongoing assessments. (ECHO, 27 Jan 2020)

As of 30 January, almost 67,000 people are sheltered in 415 evacuation centres, while approximately 225,400 people have been displaced in other areas. Overall, more than 464,700 people have been affected by the eruption. €750,000 in emergency humanitarian funding has been released by DG ECHO to assist those affected. Taal Volcano may erupt in the coming days as seismic activity suggests magma is flowing into the volcano. An Alert Level 3 is in effect signalling a possible eruption within weeks. (ECHO, 30 Jan 2020

Taal volcano activity in the past 24 hours has been characterized by weak emission of white steam-laden plumes 50 to 100 meters tall that drifted southwest. DOST-PHIVOLCS recommended that entry into the Taal Volcano Island as well as into areas over Taal Lake and communities west of the island within a seven 7 km radius from the Main Crater must be strictly prohibited. As of 2 February, at least 25,000 locals continue to take shelter in 170 temporary evacuation centers in the region, while an estimated 226,000 have taken shelter with friends and/or relatives. (Govt. of the Philippines, 2 Feb 2020)

Taal Volcano remains under Alert Level 3 since 26 January. There were 18 harmonic tremors, or prolonged volcanic earthquakes linked to the movement of magma, recorded in the past 24 hours. Areas in Batangas within a 7-kilometre radius from Taal's main crater are still on lockdown. These include Taal Volcano Island, barangays of Bilibinwang, Subic Ilaya, Banyaga in Agoncillo, barangays of Gulod, Buso-Buso, and Bugaan East in Laurel. At least 129,171 families or 483,389 people have been affected in Batangas, Quezon, Laguna, and Cavite. There are 5,953 families or 20,927 people staying in evacuation centres and 55,036 families or 200,912 persons displaced in host families. (ECHO, 5 Feb 2020)

Nearly a month after the Taal Volcano eruption, over 235,000 people continue to be displaced, with a majority staying with host families and more than 24,000 people in evacuation centres in the Calabarzon region. While authorities continue to validate the extent of damage, it is becoming clear that heavy ashfall and frequent earthquakes during the eruption damaged over 2,300 houses in Batangas province and caused an estimated US$66.7 million worth of damage to infrastructure to agriculture. The Government is planning to relocate an estimated 5,000 families (25,000 people) from at-risk areas within the 7-km radius of the volcano’s crater which has been identified as a permanent danger zone. Alert-level 3 (out of 5) remains in effect over the volcano and sudden steam-driven and even weak phreatomagmatic explosions, volcanic earthquakes, ashfall, and lethal volcanic gas expulsions can still occur and threaten nearby areas. (OCHA, 11 Feb 2020)

As of 11 February, at least 505,000 people were affected by the Taal Volcano eruption in Batangas, Quezon, Laguna, and Cavite provinces. Over 17,088 people are taking temporary shelter in 110 evacuation centers while 211,729 people are currently staying with their relatives and/or friends, or in open spaces. (Govt. of the Philippines, 11 Feb 2020)

As of 17 February, alert level 2 is maintained over Taal Volcano. Sudden steam-driven or phreatic explosions, volcanic earthquakes, ashfall and lethal accumulations or expulsions of volcanic gas can occur and threaten areas within Taal Volcano Island (TVI) and along its coast. At least 584,000 people have been affected in Batangas, Quezon, Laguna, and Cavite. There are over 6,100 people staying in evacuation centers, and at least 194,000 people are served outside the evacuation centers. (Govt. of the Philippines, 17 Feb 2020)

As of 28 February, approximately 196,000 people are still displaced, of which 4,549 people are taking shelter in 13 evacuation centers in Batangas and Quezon provinces. Alert Level for Taal Volcano remains at Level 2. (Govt. of the Philippines, 28 Feb 2020)

As of 12 March, at least 846,000 people were affected by the Taal Volcano eruption in Batangas, Quezon, Laguna, and Cavite provinces. Over 4,000 people are taking temporary shelter in 10 evacuation centers while more than 11,000 people are staying with their relatives and/or friends, or in open spaces. (Govt. of the Philippines, 13 Mar 2020)

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Iran: Floods - Jan 2020

Affected country: Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Glide: FF-2020-000006-IRN

Heavy rain has been reported across south Iran (particularly the Provinces of Hormozgan, Khuzestan and Bushehr) causing widespread floods. According to media, one person is still missing in Hormozgan Province, at least 300 people have been displaced and 1,000 affected in the Provinces of Khuzestan and Bushehr. (ECHO, 20 Dec 2019)

Since 11 January, heavy rains and river overflowing have led to widespread floods, affecting especially Sistan and Baluchistan (SB), Hormozgan and Kerman. Depth of water reached 8 metres. New waves of rain are expected. In SB, 13 counties are particularly impacted with thousands of people displaced and living in emergency shelters. 500 roads to villages are blocked, 719 villages damaged as well as agricultural land, livestock, schools, health clinics. First estimates report more than 200 000 people directly affected; 100 000 people have their houses at least partially destroyed. Infrastructure and agriculture losses reach USD 100 million. Telecommunications are cut off. In Hormozgan, floods have affected villages and infrastructure, including roads and water facilities. Most pressing humanitarian needs are safe drinking water, food, hygiene aid. First emergency, life-saving relief has been provided by Iranian authorities, the Iranian Red Crescent Society and the Military. There is a raising concern about the risk of communicable waterborne diseases, disruption to schooling and livelihoods. Some humanitarian partners are supporting the response from their stocks. Funds are requested. A needs assessment field mission is ongoing. (ECHO, 21 Jan 2020)

Iranian Red Crescent Society (IRCS) responded to the disaster from the very beginning possible time. In response to the impact of the floods in the province, inhabitants of 6 villages with total population of 245 families were evacuated. 12 injured persons, as well as 7 pregnant women have been transported to the medical centres and 69 persons have been saved and rescued from river flood. Also, 195 houses have been drained water off and 8 vehicles were towed from water flood. (IFRC, 22 Jan 2020)

Heavy rain has been affecting south-west Iran since 24 February, triggering widespread floods across Lorestan and Khuzestan provinces. According to UN OCHA, more than 320 people were displaced, while approximately 24,000 people from Nurabad, Memulan and Poldakhtar cities (Lorestan Province) are affected. About 617 km of roads and 332 bridges have been damaged in Lorestan, leaving more than 58 villages isolated. There is concern regarding the risk of waterborne diseases, disruption to schooling and livelihoods, especially with the ongoing Coronavirus and desert locust outbreaks. The European Commission's Copernicus Emergency Management Service was activated on 25 February, and provided 7 satellite maps of the affected areas. (ECHO, 12 Mar 2020)

Floods triggered by heavy rain continue to affect Iran's south porvinces, causing buildings and infrastructure damage, the death toll stands at 4. According to the latest UN OCHA report, since late February, 19 provinces have been affected by floods. Hundreds of people were evacuated in Kerman Province, at least 7,000 others have been affected, and more than 10,000 hectares of farmland were flooded. Across south provinces, around 130 villages remain isolated due to the closure of access roads. In Iranshahr, 11 bridges were destroyed and the road to Bam City is blocked. Drier conditions are forecast over the next 24 hours for South Iran. (ECHO, 01 Apr 2020)

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Mozambique: Floods - Dec 2019

Affected country: Mozambique
Glide: FL-2020-000011-MOZ

From 8 – 10 January 2020, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) conducted rapid assessment in 12 resettlement sites across Tete and Zambezia provinces after the heavy rainfall last 30 December 2019 to 05 January 2020. In total, 45 upgraded shelters, 37 emergency shelters and 109 tents were completely destroyed due to the heavy rain. (IOM, 10 Jan 2020)

Since December 2019, Mozambique has experienced strong rains, winds and flooding, affecting at least 58,851 people, in Zambezia (17,432), Cabo Delgado (13,169 people), Sofala (6,328), Niassa (5,150), Nampula (4,915), Gaza (4,806), Maputo City (2,927), Manica (1,684), Tete (1,480) and Maputo (960), according to the National Disaster Management Institute (Instituto Nacional de Gestão de Calamidades, INGC). More than 10,200 houses have been damaged or destroyed, including 2,589 completely destroyed, and at least 47 schools have been affected. At least 28 people have died, and 66 have been injured, since the storms began, according to INGC. (OCHA, 21 Jan 2020)

From 11 to 15 February 2020, Grudja, Estaquinha, Bandua, Guara-Guara, Vila de Buzi, Muchanesse, Munimucua and other areas in the district of Buzi, Sofala province - Mozambique were severely affected by the rising level of the water basin, which led to floods. These floods in the region caused the isolation of communities in floodplains; community members took refuge in treetops, houses and ravines waiting for rescue. In the village of Buzi, between the night of the 14 and the morning of the 15 February, the water level rose forcing the displacement of more than 7,400 people from Buzi alone. A total of 30 accommodation centres (schools, churches and other buildings) have been set up to support those displaced. (IFRC, 24 Feb 2020)

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Tropical Cyclone Sarai - Dec 2019

Affected countries: Fiji, Tonga
Glide: TC-2019-000180-FJI

Tropical Cyclone Sarai, category 2, is located approximately 520 km west-northwest of Tonga as of 29 December 10:00 UTC. Close to its centre, the cyclone is expected to have average winds of up to 120km/h with momentary gusts up to 150 km/h. TC Sarai continues moving at about 8 km/h east-southeast towards Tongan waters on 31 December. Storm and flood warnings have been issued in Fiji with one person reported dead and one missing. It is estimated that over 2,500 people have been moved to 70 evacuation centres. The Tonga Meteorological Service has issued a heavy rain and flash flood warning for the entire country, with expected rough seas up to 4 meters. (ECHO, 29 Dec 2019)

Tropical Cyclone Sarai has been tracking through the provinces of Kadavu and Lau in Fiji as a Category 2 storm since Friday 27th December 2019. As of 30 December, Sarai is projected to move into Ha’apai, Tonga, on the first of January and track towards Niue as a Category 1 storm. In Fiji, about 2,000 people took shelter in about 70 evacuation centres. (OCHA, 31 Dec 2019)

Tropical Cyclone Sarai has gradually weakened and downgraded to a category 1 system. TC Sarai continues to move further away to the far southeast of Fiji. However, a Strong Wind Warning remains in force for land areas of Komo, Kabara, Namuka-iLau, Ogea, Fulaga, Lakeba, Oneata and Moce. (Govt. of Fiji, 31 Dec 2019)

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Typhoon Phanfone - Dec 2019

Affected countries: China, Philippines
Glide: TC-2019-000176-PHL

According to the Philippines Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) Typhoon Phanfone (known locally as Typhoon Ursula) made landfall at 4:45 PM (local time) on Tuesday, 24 December 2019, in Salcedo, Eastern Samar. PAGASA1 reports that Phanfone made landfall with maximum winds of 120 kilometers per hour (km/h) and gustiness of up to 150 km/h ... Strong winds, and storm surges are expected, and rainfall can cause flooding and trigger landslides, resulting in casualties, as well as damages to crops livelihoods, livestock, infrastructure and housing. There are reports of rough sea conditions along the eastern seaboards of the Philippines. Seas will also be rough in the inland waters of Southern Luzon and the Visayas and in the western seaboards of Southern Luzon on Wednesday afternoon. (IFRC, 24 Dec 2019)

There are two dead and four missing in Eastern Samar (15 reported by local media). On 26 December, the typhoon is located at 215 km west-northwest of Coron, Palawan. Phanfone is forecast to remain within the Philippine area by 27 December and be out by 28 December in the morning. The rain continues. (ECHO, 26 Dec 2019)

A total of 28 dead, 2 injured and 12 missing is reported (NDRRMC). During the onslaught of the typhoon a total of 147 cities / municipalities experienced a power outage (31 restored), five government facilities damaged and eight areas reported flooded in three municipalities. Biliran PLGU to declare the entire province of Biliran under the state of calamity. Initial reports at Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (PDRRMC) reports 1,050 families served in evacuation centres. (ECHO, 27 Dec 2019)

According to government reports, Typhoon Phanfone (locally known as Ursula) displaced 174,000 people and has affected 1.9 million people in over 2,300 barangays (villages). Over 65 per cent of the displaced took shelter in 602 evacuation centres, with more than 63,000 people staying with host families or in open areas. The heavy rains and high winds brought by Phanfone have damaged an estimated 378,000 houses, 400 schools, 100 public structures, and 32 health facilities. Government agencies are coordinating the response, distributing pre-positioned food, shelter kits, and relief assistance in affected regions. Priority needs are food, potable water, and shelter assistance to rebuild damaged houses. (OCHA, 30 Dec 2019)

As of 2 January 2020, the government reported 50 dead, 362 injured and 5 missing people in Regions Mimaropa, VI, VII, and VIII. A total of 2,431,821 people were affected in 2,702 barangays, of which 77,989 people are taking temporary shelter in 548 evacuation centers (ECs), while 55,918 people are served outside ECs. (Govt. of the Philippines, 2 Jan 2020)

As of 3 January, over 133,000 people are displaced, of whom 77,800 are taking shelter in 547 evacuation centres and over 55,000 staying with host families or open spaces. The number of displaced is lower than previously reported (145,000 people as of 31 December) as people are gradually returning home to repair their homes and recover from the effects of the typhoon. While classes are scheduled to resume on 6 January after the holiday break, over 440 schools have sustained damage in regions V, VI, VIII, MIMAROPA and CALABARZON, according to the latest National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) reports. Learning materials and school equipment that were washed away, and damage to roofing and electrical wiring in classrooms were due to the heavy to sometimes intense rains, strong winds, and storm surges which brought up to waist-deep flooding in some affected regions. (OCHA, 3 Jan 2020)

As of 5 January, the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) reported 2,825,279 people are affected in 2,923 barangays. There are 71,675 people taking temporary shelter in 526 evacuation centers in Regions VI and VIII, and 56,577 people are currently staying with their relatives and/or friends. (Govt. of the Philippines, 5 Jan 2020)

A week onwards, and the figures continue to rise. Over 3,271,500 people have been affected by Typhoon Phanfone, across more than 3,060 barangays. Approximately 2,760 people are currently taking shelter in 85 evacuation centers in the region. It is estimated that around 34,165 people are staying with relatives and/or friends. Almost 507,000 houses were damaged in the storms. (Govt. of the Philippines, 12 Jan 2020)

Almost 3,299,000 people have been affected by Typhoon Phanfone across almost 3080 barangays, as of 18 January 2020. However, the number of people taking shelter in temporary evacuation centres has declined, with around 1,240 currently staying in approximately 25 of these centres. It is estimated that there are still around 31,700 people staying with family and friends as a result of the Typhoon. The number of damaged houses continues to rise, with 516,885 recorded as having suffered damage in the storms. (Govt. of the Philippines, 18 Jan 2020)

Despite the impact of Typhoon Phanfone, at the time of writing, only one family is still currently taking shelter at a temporary evacuation center in the aftermath of the storms. Nonetheless, an estimated 26,400 are still staying with family and friends. The Government of the Philippines provided more than ₱116,238,650 worth of assistance to the affected families. (Govt. of the Philippines, 29 Jan 2020).

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Yemen: Dengue Outbreak - Dec 2019

Affected country: Yemen
Glide: EP-2019-000178-YEM

A significant increase in dengue cases was observed in the last three weeks of epidemiological reporting (Weeks 47,48,49) in the country and this was further confirmed on the 18th December during the Health Cluster meeting, with 22,003 cases and 60 deaths reported. Children below five years old are 11% of the total caseload and 30% of the total death cases. Dengue outbreaks have affected 174 of 333 total districts (54%) in 22 of 23 governorates of the country. The highest governorates with suspected dengue cases are from Hodeiadah, Taiz, Aden, Hajja and Lahj and death cases reported from Hudaidah, Aden, Hajja, Lahj, Shabwa, Marib and Rayma. Most reported cases are concentrated in urban areas. The number of affected governorates is likely to increase due to the collapse of the health system in Yemen, the poor water and hygiene condition in the most affected areas, additionally due to the ongoing complex and protracted conflict, with limited access to humanitarian support to the most vulnerable and affected populations. (IFRC, 26 Dec 2019)

In 2019 there were 76,768 suspected cases across the country and 271 deaths, 71 per cent of all cases were in Al Hodeidah, and in the first two weeks of January, there were 5,524 with 11 associated deaths.The number of suspected cases has reduced in some areas, but there are still hotspot districts, and the highest incidence per 10,000 of the population are in Al Hodeidah (10.7), Aden (2.36), Marib (2.12) and Lahj (1.63). (OCHA, 31 Jan 2020)

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Indonesia: Floods and Landslides - Dec 2019

Affected country: Indonesia
Glide: FL-2019-000181-IDN

Heavy rain in west Sumatra and central Sulawesi have caused floods, resulting in fatalities and damage. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), 2 people died, 60 families have been displaced, 707 people affected and 57 houses damaged following flash floods in Sigi Regency (Central Sulawesi Province). 5,000 people have been displaced and 1,000 homes flooded in South Solok Regency (West Sumatra). More heavy rain is forecast across the affected provinces over the next 24 hours. (ECHO, 16 Dec 2019)

Multiple provinces (North Sumatera, West Java, Bengkulu and Jakarta) in Indonesia has been experiencing flooding starting from 28 December 2019. The floods are affecting the provinces at different scales. The total numbers of people affected have not been confirmed as assessments are ongoing.

In North Sumatera province, flash flooding affected four villages (Pematang, Hatapang, Batu Tunggal and Merbau Selatan) in Labuhanbatu Utara districts. Approximately 229 households (857 people) have been affected. There are four evacuation points in the area, currently occupied by 861 people.

In West Java Province, a river embankment collapsed in Cimareme village, Ngamprah sub-district. Approximately 131 households and 15 houses have been affected according to the Indonesian Disaster Management Agency Provincial Level / Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Daerah (BPBD). Evacuation efforts are ongoing in the area. Most of the affected families are being evacuated to two mosques.

In Bengkulu Province, 138 houses located in the five sub-districts have been affected by floods due to heavy and persistent rainfall on 31 December 2019.

Heavy and persistent rainfall on 31 December 2019 in Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi caused flooding in the areas with Bekasi being the worst affected area. (IFRC, 1 Jan 2020)

As of 2 January 2020, at least 21 people have died. In Jakarta, over 62,000 people have been evacuated to temporary shelters. Indonesia’s government meteorology agency (BMKG) forecasts a further high intensity of rainfall between 11 and 15 January 2020. Indonesia’s National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) is working alongside the army, police, the National Search and Rescue Agency (Basarnas), other ministries and the Indonesian Red Cross to provide emergency response alongside community-based organizations. (ECHO, 2 Jan 2020)

As of 5 January 2020, the authorities reported 60 people have died. At least 495,000 people have been affected by the massive floods, with approximately 100,000 people being displaced in greater Jakarta area. (AHA Centre, 5 Jan 2020)

As of 6 January, disaster management authorities (BNPB) reported that a total of 67 persons have died and 36,000 people remain displaced in at least 127 sites (down from over 100,000 people displaced on 5 January). While flooding has receded in several areas, high rainfall is forecast to continue for the next week. As of 4 January, BNPB had recorded 1,317 heavily damaged houses, 5 severely damaged public facilities, and 24 severely damaged bridges. BNPB has been leading national coordination with other national agencies to support local governments which have mobilized support to affected people by dispatching relief items, deploying personnel, disseminating information, and establishing evacuation centres (OCHA, 7 Jan 2020).

As of 9 January, the Indonesian National Board for Disaster management (BNPB) reported the number of displaced in Bogor Regency (West Java Province) has increased from 12,961 to 14,000 as well as in East Jakarta from 64 to 65 people, while in West Jakarta, has decreased from 602 to 484. The total number of displaced is now 18,870 people. The death toll has been revised to 61. National authorities together with NGOs continue to provide support to those affected. For the next 24 hours, more rain is forecast across the affected provinces and further floods and landslides are expected (ECHO, 9 Jan 2020).

Since the morning of 14 January, floods triggered by heavy rain have submerged Samarinda City (East Kalimantan Province, Borneo Island), 3 districts and 6 subdistricts, affecting at least 7,213 residents. Media reported various districts of the city remained flooded, and several schools, health centers and other public facilities have been damaged. There were no reports of fatalities or injuries. As of 15 January, floodwaters still inundated several areas in Samarinda, with the worst flood recorded in East Bengkuring Sempaja district where the water level reached as high as an adult's waist. Samarinda Disaster Mitigation Agency (BPBD) reported no casualties. Some affected residents had been relocated to a shelter set up by the BPBD, while the rest were taken to the nearest mosque. Several public facilities such as a health center, a district administration office and schools were also affected by the flood. For the next 24 hours, moderate rain is forecast across the affected area (ECHO, 16 Jan 2020).

As of 21 January, media report at least nine fatalities in Kaur Regency (western Bengkulu Province) following the collapse of a bridge. In addition, one person is reported missing, while 30 more were rescued after the collapse. Moderate rain is forecast over southwestern Sumatra Islands for the next 24 hours. (ECHO, 21 Jan 2020).

According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management, as of 26 January, 2 people died and 2 have been injured following a landslide in Sumedang Regency (West Java), more than 350 people have been displaced and 20,000 affected in Bandung District (West Java), with almost 260 houses flooded in Bojonegoro Regency (East Java). The national authorities are providing emergency assistance to those affected. (ECHO, 27 Jan 2020).

Days of torrential rains in Central Tapanuli District of North Sumatra Province triggered flashfloods on 29 January, killing eight people and temporarily displacing some 700 households. The Head of Central Tapanuli declared an emergency response period of seven days and the local Government, police, and military conducted search and rescue operations, also providing basic relief assistance with support from the National Disaster Management Authority (BNPB) and the Ministry of Social Affairs.

Heavy rains on Mount Kawi in Blitar District, East Java Province, on 31 January, triggered flashfloods in Krisik Village. A number of house were damaged and five bridges collapsed, cutting off access for approximately 85 households. The Provincial and District Disaster Management Agencies have provided relief assistance to affected people. (OCHA, 4 Feb 2020).

Widespread floods triggered by heavy rain affected four sub-districts in Musi Rawas Regency (South Sumatra Province) and 23 sub-districts in Jakarta Province. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), as of 11 February, 3,635 families have been affected (2,744 in South Sumatra and 891 in Jakarta Province). Several people have been displaced in Jakarta Province and evacuated to 26 evacuation centres in east and south Jakarta. (ECHO, 11 Feb 2020)

Heavy rain continues to affect Sumatra and Java in recent days, causing floods and triggering landslides. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), as of 13 February, 363 families have been affected by floods, and 306 houses have been damaged in Lima Puluh Kota Regency (West Sumatra Province). Widespread landslides occurred in West Bandung Regency (West Java) where several families have been displaced and 80 houses damaged. The Regional Disaster Management Agency (BPBD) is conducting the emergency response, including the evacuation and rescue of those affected. (ECHO, 13 Feb 2020)

Heavy rain continues to affect Sumatra, Java and Kalimantan, causing floods and landslides that have resulted in casualties and damage. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), one person died, one is still missing and 2 people were injured after a landslide in Pasaman Regency (West Sumatra Province). In Cirebon Regency (West Java), 15 people have been displaced and 1,120 houses have been flooded due to the overflow of Cisanggarung River. Furthermore, more than 1,600 people have been affected by widespread floods, 1,251 in Solok Regency (West Sumatra) and 379 North Penajam Paser Regency (East Kalimantan). (ECHO, 19 Feb 2020)

Heavy rain continues to affect the West Java Province (particularly Bandung and Bogor Regencies). The Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) reports, as of 20 February, four fatalities in Banjarwangi Village (Ciawi District, Bogor Regency) due to a landslide. In addition, around 420 people are displaced, more than 115,050 affected and approximately 16,000 houses and 47 schools are flooded. (ECHO, 20 Feb 2020)

On 21 February, flash floods were reported across Sleman Regency (Yogyakarta Special Administrative Region, Java Island). According to the national authorities, 10 people died after the Sempor river burst its banks and 23 others were injured. More than 249 people were assisted by search and rescue operations, which ended on 23 February. An orange alert for heavy rain, thunderstorms and strong winds has been issued for most of Yogyakarta. Moderate to heavy rain is forecast over the affected area from 24-25 February. (ECHO, 24 Feb 2020)

Heavy rain in the last 24 hours has caused the overflow of the Ciliwung, Item, Sunter and Semongol rivers and flooding in numerous areas in an around Jakarta. Flood levels of 70 cm-1 m have restricted road access within the area. PMI (Indonesian Red Cross Society) mobilised personnel to conduct assessments, evacuations and coordinate with other actors. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), more than 400 people have been displaced and 39 villages have been flooded. More heavy rain is forecast across the affected area over the next 24 hours. (ECHO, 25 Feb 2020)

Heavy rain has continues to affect western Java Island (particularly the Jakarta area and the nearby Karawang Regency, West Java Province), causing widespread floods and damage. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), as of 26 February, more than 400 people have been displaced across the Jakarta area. In addition, BNPB reports 9,770 displaced people, 47,670 affected people, and more than 14,800 houses damaged throughout the Karawang Regency. (ECHO, 26 Feb 2020)

Nine people have died following the widespread floods and landslides in Jakarta and neighbouring provinces (four in Bekasi, three in Jakarta and two in South Tangerang). According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), as of 27 February, more than 80,000 people have been displaced and more than 85,000 affected in the Jakarta area and West Java. (ECHO, 27 Feb 2020)

Between 24 and 27 February, flooding has been reported in Jakarta, Karawang and Bekasi Regencies of West Java, and South Tangerang Regency of Banten. At least 222,000 people were directly affected by the floods. Karawang Regency has declared the status of emergency response from 26 February to 10 March. Local and provincial governments have provided basic relief assistance and health services. According to the National Disaster Management Authority (BNPB), 652 disaster occurrences (mostly floods, tornadoes and landslides) have been recorder between January and February 2020 in Indonesia, caused a total of 123 deaths and 1.4 million people temporarily displaced. (OCHA, 3 Mar 2020)

Recent heavy rain triggered flash floods and landslides in Central and North Sulawesi provinces, leading to casualties. According to national authorities, one person died in Bolaang Mongondow Regency (North Sulawesi) and at least 55 houses or public facilities were damaged. More than 3,900 people have been displaced across North Sulawesi. Several villages remain inaccessible due to landslides damaging road infrastructure and a dyke broke in North Bolaang Mongondow Regency. In Central Sulawesi, one person is missing in Poso City and approximately 900 people have been displaced. More than 72 houses were destroyed or damaged. For the next 24 hours, light to moderate rain is expected across North Sulawesi and heavy rain over Central Sulawesi. (ECHO, 5 Mar 2020)

According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), as of 9 March, 106 people have been affected and 24 displaced in Semarang City (Central Java Province). Floods have been reported also in West Papua Province with 150 people affected. A tornado in Ambarawa Town (Central Java) injured one person and damaged several houses. (ECHO, 9 Mar 2020)

According to local government reports, from 4 March to 6 March, over 27,000 people were affected and two people killed by flooding in 55 villages in North Bolaang Mongondow District of North Sulawesi and at least 6,000 homes, 2,000 hectares of agriculture land and crops, and several infrastructure and public facilities were affected by the floods. (OCHA, 10 Mar 2020)

Widespread floods triggered by heavy rainfall have been affecting West Java Province over the last few days, leading to casualties and damage. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), more than 400 people have been displaced, approximately 115,200 people affected across Bandung Regency. The same source reported 190 houses flooded in Depok City due to the overflow of Angke River. Since 13 March, floods have been occurring in Dili, East Timor. The government reported that there are 4,000 households or 25,000 people affected. Even though the floods receded, affected communities are still in need of essential relief items such as food and drinking water. The government are yet to declare an emergency phase or response for the flood. Up until today, the government is supporting the affected communities by providing and distributing food items. (ECHO, 20 Mar 2020)

Due to heavy and intense rainfall on 20-21 March, several area in 7 sub-districts located in Bandung district, West Java have been flooded. There are approximately 23,735 household with 84,609 people affected. The situation has improved and floods started receding in all affected area. The provincial government set up emergency post and the national society (PMI) mobilised volunteers to do assessment in the affected area (ECHO, 23 Mar 2020).

The recent flooding triggered by heavy rain across 6 districts in Bandung Regency (West Java) caused at least one fatality and damage. According to media, one person died in Bojongsoang District, and the number of displaced people stands at 315. More than 56,000 people were affected, and approximately 9,300 houses damaged by flooding. Search and rescue operations carried out by national authorities are still ongoing, many roads across Bandung are bloocked by flood water. (ECHO, 02 Apr 2020).

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