Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

22 de abril de 2019
Erasmus Mundus Master in Public Health in Disasters


Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

Desastres activos

Syrian Arab Republic: Syria: Floods - Mar 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000031-SYR
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Syrian Arab Republic

Starting from 31 March, the heavy rains and the subsequent flooding in the Hasakah Governorate of Syria have affected an estimated 45,000 people, including people living in the internally displaced persons’ camps. The Hasakah Branch of SARC responded immediately to the floods, using regional emergency stocks, by providing 3,000 of the affected population with basic supplies, first aid and health care to the affected population in Tal Hamis, the most seriously affected district. (IFRC, 10 Apr 2019)

SARC, supported by the Movement partners, ICRC, is planning to request international assistance in the in the coming days to support work already being implemented by SARC. The plan is to cover immediate basic needs for three months.The operation will target the needs for 45,000 people in villages, towns and IDP camps that are not receiving humanitarian aid from other partners, noting the current focus from the international humanitarian community on the 73,000 IDPs in the Al Hol camp. (IFRC, 11 Apr 2019)

Date: 31 Mar 2019
Status: Ongoing

Mozambique: Mozambique: Cholera Outbreak - Mar 2019

GLIDE number: EP-2019-000026-MOZ
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Mozambique

On 27 March, the Government confirmed five cases of cholera at Munhava health centre in Beira City, according to the National Director of Medical Assistance, Ussene Isse. The authorities also reported some 2,500 cases of acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) in Beira district. A total of 900,000 cholera vaccine doses are expected to arrive in Mozambique by 1 April and micro-planning for the vaccination campaign is underway. (OCHA, 27 Mar 2019)

The Ministry of Health declared an outbreak of cholera this week with cases reported in Beira and Nhamatanda. To date, a total of 517 cholera suspected cases and one death had been reported in Beira and Nhamatanda. Investigations are ongoing to confirm the outbreak by culture and to undertake source finding investigations. In addition to the suspected cholera cases there are an increasing number of acute watery diarrhoea and malaria cases being reported in the cyclone and flood affected areas. A total of 535 diarrhoea cases were reported in Beira City (300), Dondo (200) and Nhamtanda and a total of 276 cases of malaria were reported in Beira City (101), Dondo (152) and Nhamtanda (23) as of 30 March 2019. (WHO, 31 Mar 2019)

As of this week, 500 beds are now open in seven cholera treatment centres across the affected area, with plans to boost the capacity significantly to cope with an expected increase in cases. WHO is training 30 health workers on case management for cholera and on setting and monitoring standards and protocols in those centres. More than 900 000 doses of oral cholera vaccine from the global stockpile for emergency use are due to arrive in Beira tomorrow (Tuesday 2 April), and the Government and partners, including UNICEF, [IFRC], [MSF] and Save the Children, are working around the clock to start the vaccination campaign on Wednesday, 3 April. As of 1 April, a total of 1052 cases of cholera have been reported by the Ministry of Health, and more are expected due to the increasing numbers of people coming to health centres with acute watery diarrhoea. (WHO, 2 Apr 2019)

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Date: 27 Mar 2019
Status: Alert

Colombia: Colombia: Floods - Mar 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000020-COL
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Colombia

Heavy rains and flooding have been affecting the Colombian department of Chocó since last week, provoking the overflow of the Rivers San Juan, Iró, Condoto, Cértegui and Quito. More than 3 000 families in at least six municipalities (Condoto, Tadó, Cértegui, Andagoya, Río Iró e Istmina) are affected. According to the Red Cross, which is already providing support to the victims, these floods have caused severe damage to both residential and commercial areas. (ECHO, 26 Feb 2109)

On 11 March 2019, the Colombia National Disaster Risk Management Unit (UNGRD) reported recent heavy rain in 14 municipalities of the following departments: Cundinamarca, Nariño, Antioquia, Valle del Cauca, Caldas, Cauca, and Magdalena; 278 families were affected and 17 suffered injuries due to landslides and floods. The Municipality of Tenerife, Magdalena Department reported one death. In Chocó Department, floods affected 10 municipalities. Elsewhere, in a town of 70,000 habitants in Necoclí Municipality, Antioquia Department, media reported a drought causing people there to move to other towns in search of water. (PAHO, 12 Mar 2109)

On 26 March 2019, [UNGRD] indicated that 26 days after the first rain season in Colombia, 1,514 families have been affected and 17 people suffered injuries in 15 departments and 65 municipalities due to floods. Nationally, five deaths have been reported. The most affected departments were: Cundinamarca, Cauca, Tolima, Santander, Caldas, Cesar, Nariño, Chocó, Risaralda, Antioquia, Boyacá, Valle del Cauca, Magdalena, Guainía, and Norte de Santander. (PAHO, 27 Mar 2109)

Heavy rainfall has been affecting several departments of Colombia over the past two weeks, causing floods and landslides. The most affected Departments are Antioquia, Nariño, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, Caldas and Caquetá. According to media reports, as of 15 April 13 people have died, one person is missing, 13 are reported injured and 549 families have been affected. In addition, 20 houses have been destroyed and 384 houses damaged. In Vigía del Fuerte Municipality (Antioquia Department) the floodings have left several communities isolated since 7 April. Over the next 24 hours, heavy rainfall is forecast over western and central departments. IDEAM (Institute of Hydrology, Meteorology and Environmental Studies) has issued, as of 15 April, a number of alerts for floods and landslides across central, western and southern departments.(ECHO, 15 Apr 2109)

Date: 26 Mar 2019
Status: Alert

Iraq: Iraq: Floods - Mar 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000030-IRQ
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Iraq

Heavy storms continually recurred throughout the country during the period from 24-March to 2-April when severe weather finally eased. The effects of the storms were recorded in multiple governorates, including Anbar, Basra, Dahuk, Diyala, Kirkuk, Missan, Muthanna, Ninewa, Salah al-Din, Sulaymaniyah, and Wassit; however, the harshest impacts appeared to be in central and northern governorates, primarily regions through which the Tigris River runs, and those areas adjacent to Iran...While flooding in Mosul (Ninewa governorate), caused the closure of five main bridges (Alnasr, Alhurriyya, Qanatir, Suwais and Qayyarah), municipal authorities gave assurances on 2-April that Mosul Dam—Iraq’s largest, which supplies hydroelectric power to Mosul city—was functioning normally. Other dams throughout Iraq, particularly in Diyala governorate, were operating at or near capacity; however, provincial leadership expressed confidence that standard discharge and overflow functions would suffice to meet any surplus. No fatalities have been recorded due to the recent period of severe weather in Iraq.

The Iraqi Red Crescent Society (IRCS) has announced the displacement of more than (270) families from their homes due to the floods that swept through the villages of (Baiji, Ashtayh, Srin, Arbazia) belonging to the districts of Salah governorate. The IRCS has reported in a statement that its teams have rushed to provide assistance and supplies to families which their houses have been swept by torrents, the continuing heavy rain led to the displacement of (154) families from the Karamat area and east of the village of Baaiji to their families and relatives in the village of Mazra’a and the modern neighborhood, the floods caused the sinking of most of their farms, which are estimated at 30 dunums, also 60 houses besieged by water, 75 families have been displaced from the village of Arbazia to their relatives, In addition, 49 families have also been displaced from Al Sreen village to the mountain area, also five families from Al-Ashitah village were displaced due to floods that surrounded their homes. (IRCS, 7 Apr 2019)

About 328 726 populations are at risk. Cities and villages affected are: Ali al-Gharbi, al-Msharrah, Hay al-Mua’alemeen al-Jadeed, al-Salam, al-Faka, al-Btaira, al-Teeb, al-Adil, al-Maymouna, al-Uzair and al-Kahlaa. Areas seriously threatened are villages west of the Tigris River (Hor Al-Musandak) along Ali al-Gharbi, Ali al-Sharqi and Qamit. 545 families are displaced with another 2000 families threatened with displacement. (WHO, 8 Apr 2019)

Recent flooding along the Tigris River has resulted in the displacement of 545 families in Maysan Governorate, with a further 2 000 families at risk following reported damage to a small number of IDP camps.. [IRCS] reports that heavy rain caused damage to more than 60 families after the villages of Huweder, Dawai, and Shafta (Diyala Governorate) were flooded. Food parcels have been distributed to at least 270 families affected in Salah al-Din Governorate. For the next five days, moderate to heavy rainfall is forecast over the south-eastern governorates of Iraq. (ECHO, 9 Apr 2019)

Elevated water levels in the Tigris River and its tributaries continue to cause flooding and displacement in several governorates. Salah al-Din in central Iraq and Missan in the south are currently those reporting the heaviest impact, with more limited effects reported in Basra, Diyala, Thi-Qar and Wassit. The Government of Iraq and Kurdistan Regional Government continue to act as first responders; however official requests for additional assistance have been received from Missan and Salah al-Din provinces. Due to flooding, multiple water treatment plants are offline throughout the country; a lack of access to clean water for drinking, bathing and other household use is an evolving problem in some governorates. Relevant UN agencies undertook an assessment mission to Basra after emerging reports of intensifying flooding in the south of the country. Response efforts in the south are constrained by a small UN presence, lack of humanitarian partners, and shortage of pre-positioned relief supplies. (OCHA, 18 Apr 2019)

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Date: 23 Mar 2019
Status: Ongoing

Iran (Islamic Republic of): Iran: Floods - Mar 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000022-IRN
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Iran (Islamic Republic of)

The Golestan floods, caused by heavy rains starting on 19 March, have affected a total of 10 cities in northeast Iran (The cities of Gorgan, Bandar Turkman, Azad Shahr, Aq Ghala, Gonbad-e Kavus, bandar-e Gaz, Ali Abad, Kalaleh, Kordkuy, and Minodaasht). The government is currently investigating local reports on the lack of mitigation measures by the Water Authorities. The worst affected areas are in the cities of Aq Qala and Gonbad Kavous and their surrounding villages where large parts are submerged under water. As a safety measure power supply was cut off in several areas. Of the estimated 60,000 displaced, most stay with relatives in nearby villages. At least 10,000 people are provided emergency shelter assistance in stadiums, exhibition areas, schools and other large public facilities provided by IRCS...Other areas in west and south-west of Iran have been affected by heavy rains too. Namely, the Provinces of Lorestan, Kurdistan, Kermanshah, Khuzestan, Fars and Kohkilouyeh. As of 25 March, floods in Shiraz, Poldokhtar, Khoramabad, Doreh, Khoramshahr, Abadan, Aligoudarz and Saghez were also reported. In Shiraz flash floods killed at least 20, injured 94 and an unverified number of people are still missing. In the city of Dezful in Khuzestan, south-west of Iran, the emergency situation is declared. (OCHA, 26 Mar 2019)

Continued rainfall has caused floods in 586 cities and villages across Iran. Flood water has destroyed infrastructure, livestock, agriculture and livelihoods, with estimated damage USD 150,000 million, in Golestan and Mazandaran Provinces alone. The disaster struck in the middle of Nowruz, Iranian New Year holidays. National Metrological service predicts more rainfall for the coming week.By now, IRCS has reported 45 persons dead and at least 434 persons injured. The most affected areas are Golestan, Mazandaran, North Khorasan, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, Fars, Kermanshah, Khozestan, Semnan, Ilam and Hamedan. To date, IRCS has assisted 156,531 flood-affected persons and is provided temporary shelter for 50,732 people. (IFRC, 2 Apr 2019)

The death toll after heavy rains, floods and landslides that have been affecting northern, western and south-western parts of Iran continues to increase. As of 4 April at 8.00 UTC, 62 people are reported to have died and hundreds injured. Tens of thousands of displaced people are sheltering in the open and food and non-food items are urgently needed. Immediate assistance has been provided by UNICEF IRAN to the affected provinces Fars, Lorestan and Gorestan. 60 villages in Lorestan are under flood water, 78 intercity roads have been blocked, 2 199 rural roads and 84 bridges have been damaged. (ECHO, 4 Apr 2019)

Iranian authorities have reported 70 deaths as of Sunday resulting from flooding affecting several parts of the country. Mass evacuations have been ordered in the south-western province of Khuzestan affecting approximately 400 000 people. The Karkheh Dam, which is at near capacity, was opened to discharge excessive water build-up in an effort to prevent catastrophic failure. Local media is reporting that more than 12 000km of roads representing a third of the country’s network has been damaged. (ECHO, 7 Apr 2019)

As of 9 April at 8.00 UTC, 1 900 cities have been affected, with Lorestan, Khuzestan and Golestan the worst impacted provinces. 77 schools have been destroyed (55 in Lorestan and 22 in Golestan). There is a significant risk of additional flooding from Karkheh dam (Khuzestan Province). Six cities and 210 villages have been evacuated, 61 of which have been flooded. Heavy rain and thunderstorms are forecast in southern provinces, moderate rain in north-western provinces. (ECHO, 9 Apr 2019)

Appeals & Response Plans

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Date: 19 Mar 2019
Status: Ongoing

Mozambique: Tropical Cyclone Idai - Mar 2019

GLIDE number: TC-2019-000021-MOZ
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe


The central and northern region of Mozambique is being affected by heavy rains since 6 March 2019...The most affected provinces are Zambézia and Tete in the central region...At least 7 deaths reported, and 32,222 people were affected by the floods [and a]t least 4,242 people are displaced in Zambezia and Tete, sheltered in eight transit centers. (UN RC for Mozambique, 9 Mar 2019)

The National Institute of Meteorology (INAM) issued on 10 March 2019 an alert regarding the system formed in the Mozambique channel which evolved from Tropical Depression to Moderate Tropical Storm called IDAI... At least 10 deaths reported, and 62,975 people were affected by the floods [and a]t least 10,512 people are displaced in Zambezia, Tete and Niassa sheltered in 15 transit centers. At least 83,318 ha of crop area are flooded affecting 54,853 smallholder farmers. (UN RC for Mozambique, 10 Mar 2019)

On 11 March 2019, the Government convened the Coordinating Council of Disaster Management (CCGC[..]) chaired by the Prime-Minister to analyze the impact of the recent floods and the cyclone foreseen to make the landfall on 15 March 2019...Given the current and expected situation after the floods and cyclone, [INAM] estimated a total funding requirement of about US$ 18 million for food and non-food items that might be needed for the potential affected people. This funding estimate does not include the funds needed for emergency road work (estimated at US$ 13.9 million) to reset the road network which is 31% damaged in Zambézia and 50% damaged in Cabo Delgado. (UN RC for Mozambique, 12 Mar 2019)

Tropical Cyclone Idai made landfall during the night of 14 to 15 March 2019 near Beira City, Sofala Province, in central Mozambique. The cyclone brought torrential rains and winds to Sofala, Zambezia, Manica and Inhambane provinces...The UN and humanitarian partners in Mozambique have appealed for US$40.8 million to provide critical emergency relief to 400,000 people who are estimated to be affected by Tropical Cyclone Idai, based on projections of people living in the Cyclone’s path. (OCHA, 15 Mar 2019)

At least 84 people have died following Cyclone Idai’s landfall,..At least 267 classrooms and 24 health units have reportedly been affected in the provinces of Sofala, Manica, Zambezia and Inhambane, according to authorities. Many areas remain without power and almost every network has been damaged...Beira City has suffered extensive damage, according to reports from preliminary assessments and aerial overviews. The Beira Central Hospital emergency wing remains non-operational due to significant damage. However, other parts of the hospital – including the paediatric wing – have sustained less damage and are reportedly functioning...Outside of Beira, a dam collapsed on 17 March, reportedly causing extensive damage. People reportedly sought refuge on the tops of their roofs and trees as rising floodwaters swept through the area. Initial aerial surveys indicated significant loss of life, although exact numbers of people impacted are not yet known. (OCHA, 18 Mar 2019)

The Government of Mozambique has issued a Note Verbale formally requesting international assistance[.] At least 242 people have died and more than 1,400 have been injured in the aftermath of the Cyclone Idai...The death toll is expected to continue to rise in the days ahead. [M]ore than 2,800 classrooms and 39 health centres impacted by the cyclone and floods. More than 17,400 houses have been totally destroyed (11,025), partially destroyed (4,363) or flooded (2,056)...[M]ore than 385,300 hectares of crops have been damaged.

The official death toll rose...to some 468 deaths as of 26 March; with more than 1,500 people injured[.] As of 26 March, nearly 91,000 houses were identified as totally destroyed (50,619), partially destroyed (24,556) or flooded (15,784); an increase of nearly 19,000 since 25 March. The number of people accommodated in 154 sites across Sofala (114 sites), Manica (26 sites), Zambezia (10 sites) and Tete (4 sites) was nearly 128,000 people as of 26 March. The authorities have identified more than 7,400 vulnerable people across the IDP sites. (OCHA, 26 Mar 2019)

On 27 March, the Government confirmed five cases of cholera at the Munhava health centre in the city of Beira and some 2,500 cases of acute watery diarrhoea in Beira district. A humanitarian assessment team identified nearly 1,500 people unreached people in need of support in Matarara in Chimoio district. Food drops were carried out to provide immediate assistance and follow-up is ongoing. Nearly 136,000 people were accommodated in 161 sites across Sofala (119 sites), Manica (27 sites), Zambezia (11 sites) and Tete (4 sites) as of 27 March; an increase of more than 9,200 people from 26 March. (OCHA, 27 Mar 2019)

The official death toll as of 3 April stood at 598 and more than 1,600 people injured, according to the Government. At least 131,100 people were still sheltering in 136 sites across Manica (21); Sofala (107); Tete (5) and Zambezia (3) as of 3 April. The number of vulnerable people reported by the Government in the accommodation sites rose significantly by more than 20,000 people to 27,764 as of 3 April. The number of houses destroyed rose by more than 86,000 from 2 April. More than 198,300 houses have been totally destroyed (85,265), partially destroyed (97,276) or flooded (15,784), with more than 715,000 hectares of crops reportedly destroyed, according to the Government. (OCHA, 3 Apr 2019)


Following its landfall in Mozambique on 14 March, Cyclone Idai continued across land as a Tropical Storm and hit eastern Zimbabwe with heavy rains and strong winds. The storm caused high winds and heavy precipitation in Chimanimani and Chipinge districts causing riverine and flash flooding and subsequent deaths, destruction of livelihoods and properties....At least 31 deaths have been reported and over 100 people are missing, according to preliminary information...At least 1,600 households (8,000 to 9,600 people) have been affected in Chimanimani, Chipinge, Nyanga and Mutare districts, Manicaland Province, as a result of flooding and landslides, according to initial information. Based on census data, 48 per cent of those affected are estimated to be children and 52 per cent are estimated to be women. In Tongogara Refugee Camp, nearly 300 people have been affected, with 49 houses damaged. Considerable damage to properties, livelihoods and infrastructure has also been reported in the districts in the storm’s path. (OCHA, 17 Mar 2019)

The flooding caused by the Tropical Cyclone Idai weather system since 15 March...continues to cause massive destruction, with heavy rains ongoing in Manicaland and Masvingo provinces of Zimbabwe. The hardest-hit district of Chimanimani remains inaccessible as heavy rains have damaged roads and main access bridges have been washed away. At least 82 deaths and over 200 injuries have been reported, mainly in Chimanimani, and 217 people are reportedly missing. Chimanimani mortuary is reportedly full. At least 923 homes have been destroyed in Chimanimani, Mutasa, Mutare, Chipinge, Buhera, Chikomba, Gutu and Bikita districts. In Chimanimani alone, eight bridges have been destroyed. In Buhera, the Marowanyati dam has overflowed and many families are displaced...Overall, more than 2,500 households (12,500 to 15,000 people) are estimated to be affected. (OCHA, 18 Mar 2019)

At least 181 deaths and 175 injuries have been reported and 330 people were reportedly missing in Zimbabwe as of 25 March...An estimated 270,000 people have been affected by flooding and are in need of humanitarian assistance in the seven districts—Chipinge, Chimanimani, Buhera, Bikita, Mutare, Gutu, and Chiredzi. The vast majority of people affected are in Chipinge (122,000) and Chimanimani (115,000) districts. (OCHA, 27 Mar 2019)


For the flooding situation in Malawi, see "Malawi: Floods - Jan 2019".

Appeals & Response Plans

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Date: 06 Mar 2019
Status: Ongoing

Philippines: Philippines: Drought - Mar 2019

GLIDE number: DR-2019-000113-PHL
Disaster type: Drought
Affected countries: Philippines

Recent PAGASA's climate monitoring and analyses indicate that the unusually warm sea surface temperatures (SSTs) in the central and eastern equatorial Pacific (CEEP) which started since November 2018 is expected to become a full-blown El Nino. During the past three months, rainfall analyses showed that impacts of below normal rainfall conditions in provinces of Western Mindanao and Ilocos Norte were already experienced and are expected to continue. Five municipalities in Cotabato Province (Region XII) were affected by dry spell November 2018 to 22 January 2019. (Govt. of Philippines, 5 Mar 2019)

Drought conditions are being reported in the MIMAROPA Region, Region IX, and Region XII, BARMM and Metro Manila, where ten provinces have declared a State of Calamity according to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC). While [PAGASA] declared a weak El Niño lasting until June, agricultural regions are suffering from its worsening effects, with the Department of Agriculture (DA) reporting damage to over 13,600 ha of agricultural crops, mostly rice (81 per cent) and corn (19 per cent). Agricultural losses are estimated at PhP1.33 billion (US$25.6 million) but could run higher as the DA verifies reports from regional offices. Over 16,000 farmers and fisherfolk are affected, and some local media are reporting that the drought conditions are also starting to affect livestock, with some farm animals dying due to the lack of grass or hay for foraging.

Mindanao is the most affected region, a major food producer where poverty levels are the highest in the country and farmers and fisherfolk are already vulnerable due to repeated armed conflict and natural hazards such as heavy rain and flooding. Since January, the NDRRMC reports that the central and western Mindanao provinces are experiencing below normal rainfall conditions which is predicted to continue. Close to 72,000 families (360,000 people) are affected in the five municipalities in North Cotabato alone, sixty per cent of which are located in Pikit. With the recommendation of the Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office, local authorities of North Cotabato have declared a State of Calamity. (OCHA, 29 Mar 2019)

Drought conditions have been reported in the MIMAROPA Region, Region IX, Region XII, BARMM and Metro Manila. As of 1 April, ten provinces have declared a State of Calamity because of the drought. More than 13,600 ha of agricultural crops, mostly rice and corn, have reportedly been affected with losses estimated at PhP1.33 billion (US$25.6 million). (OCHA, 1 Apr 2019)

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Date: 05 Mar 2019
Status: Ongoing

Afghanistan: Afghanistan: Flash Floods - Mar 2019

GLIDE number: FF-2019-000018-AFG
Disaster type: Flash Flood
Affected countries: Afghanistan

On 1 March, heavy rains struck Kandahar city, Zheri, Dand, Damand, Arghandab, Spinboldak, and Takhtapu Districts. In the last 30 hours, 97mm of rain fell in the affected areas. Flash floods triggered by the heavy rain have reportedly killed 20 people, including a number of children, when their homes collapsed or the vehicles they were traveling in were swept away. At least 10 people, including children, are still missing in Arghandab, Daman, Spin Boldak and Dand Districts. It is anticipated that up to 2,000 homes may have been damaged across all affected districts including Kandahar City. (OCHA, 2 Mar 2019)

As of 3 March, heavy rains have caused flooding in six provinces, Kandahar, Kunar, Zabul, Nimroz, Hirat and Farah. In Kandahar, more than 1,000 people stranded by the flood waters have been rescued by ANSF. Reports suggest that 85 per cent of Farah city has been flooded. (OCHA, 3 Mar 2019).

As of 4 March, eight provinces have been affected by heavy rains and flooding, according Government reports. More than 20 people are reported to have died as a result of the floods, including 13 people in Kandahar province. In excess of 1,600 houses have reportedly been damaged or destroyed, and there has been further damage water systems, agricultural land, schools, mosques and Government buildings. (OCHA, 4 Mar 2019).

As of 5 March, nine provinces have been affected by heavy rains and flooding, according Government reports. More than 40 people are known to have died, and hundreds of others have been injured or are missing. According to the Government, more than 2,500 houses have been damaged and over 1,300 destroyed. Flood affected people are in need of emergency shelter, warm clothing, food and hygiene kits. (OCHA, 5 Mar 2019)

In Kandahar province, some 21,200 people have been assessed requiring humanitarian assistance as a result of the floods. 25 people are known to have died and 40 people have been injured. According to joint assessments conducted by the government and humanitarian partners...in Kandahar and seven flood-affected districts, 1,340 houses have been damaged and a further 1,276 have been destroyed. (OCHA, 7 Mar 2019)

As of 10 March, 33,000 people in Kandahar province have been identified as requiring humanitarian assistance following floods that struck the province at the beginning of March. According to assessments conducted by the Government and humanitarian partners, 2,800 houses have been damaged and 1,850 houses destroyed. Assessments are still ongoing in affected areas that are difficult to access due to insecurity. Humanitarian partners have so far provided 673 flood-affected households with tents, NFIs including winter clothes, food assistance and hygiene kits. The Government has reportedly allocated 126 million Afghanis (US$1.7m) for assistance including shelter repairs, agricultural assistance and food. Since 2 March, there has also been extensive flooding in Hilmand, Herat and Farah provinces, and humanitarian partners are continuing to conduct assessments and provide assistance in these areas. (OCHA, 11 Mar 2019)

Heavy rainfall has being affecting central, southern and western Afghanistan over the past two weeks, triggering floods that have resulted in casualties and damage. The most affected provinces are Kandahar, Helmand, Farah, Herat and Badghis. According to ACAPS (Assessment Capacities Project), as of 13 March, the death toll stands at 70, more than 8,670 houses have been damaged and approximately 250,000 people have been affected. Infrastructure damage, rugged terrain and the ongoing rainfall are hindering the response. Insecurity throughout the country remains high and may restrict operations. Nevertheless, the humanitarian response is being put in place to assist those affected with emergency shelter, food, non-food items, winter clothes and emergency latrines. Over the next 72 hours, locally heavy rain and snowfall are forecast over Kabul area and north-eastern areas of the country. Moderate rainfall and snowfall are forecast over the central areas of the country. (ECHO, 14 Mar 2019)

As of 19 March, more than 122,600 people across 14 provinces have been identified as being affected by the March floods and in need of humanitarian assistance. As a result of the floods, 63 people are known to have died and a further 31 people have been injured. The highest number of affected people are in Farah, where almost 52,000 people are in need of humanitarian assistance. A further 32,750 people in Kandahar and 18,340 people in Hilmand also require assistance. (OCHA, 19 Mar 2019)

Heavy rains caused flash flooding on 27, 28 and 29 March in six provinces - Faryab, Balkh, Jawzjan, and Sar-e-Pul province in the Northern Region, and Hirat and Badghis in the Western Region. An estimated 17,000 people have been affected with Balkh and Hirat suffering the worst impacts. In Balkh, unconfirmed reports suggest several fatalities in Chemtal district, with up to 645 families (4,515 people) affected throughout the Province. In Hirat, Ministry of Health has reported that eight people died and nine were injured in six districts following flash flooding, while more than 1,000 families may have been affected. This new flooding adds to the impact of the overall flood emergency, with Farah and Kandahar the most effected to date. Since the beginning of 2019, more than 163,000 people have now been affected by floods, including those in the past week. A total of more than 42,000 people have been displaced. (OCHA, 2 Apr 2019)

After heavy rainfall that affected 22 out of the 34 Provinces of Afghanistan over the past few days, the death toll has risen to at least 16. According to media, as of 18 April at 8.00 UTC, in eastern Nangarhar Province, 11 people have died, six are injured and 266 houses were washed away, while in the western Province of Herat the death toll stands at five. (ECHO, 18 Apr 2019)

Date: 01 Mar 2019
Status: Ongoing

Bolivia (Plurinational State of): Bolivia: Floods - Feb 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000032-BOL
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

The rains that have been falling since the beginning of the year, influenced by the El Niño phenomenon, have affected different regions in Bolivia. Overflowing rivers and floods have been reported in Alto Beni, Palos Blancos, Guanay, Rurrenabaque, Riberalta, Villa Montes, Cutaiqui, San Borja and San Buenaventura. The Bolivian Government declared a national emergency on 27 February, and on 10 April declared an emergency for the departments of Potosí, La Paz, Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz and Cochabamba.

According to Ministry of Defence reports, 79 municipalities (of 338 in the country) are under a state of disaster and 25 are under a state of emergency as of April 8. A total of 47,125 families suffered partial loss of assets, 23,683 families have been left homeless, 34 people were reported dead and 26 people are missing. Major damages include loss of crops, housing and other assets. (IFRC, 15 Apr 2019)

Date: 27 Feb 2019
Status: Ongoing

Peru: Peru: Floods and Landslides - Feb 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000015-PER
Disaster type: Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Peru

Heavy rainfall has been affecting southern Peru (particualrly Arequipa, Moquegua, Tacna and Ica Regions) over the last week, causing rivers to overflow (especially the Rio Locumba), triggering floods, landslides and mudslides. According to media reports, as of 13 February at 8.00 UTC, ten people were killed (three in Arequipa Region and two more in Ica Region), 1 800 injured and approximately 8 000 affected. Infrastructure facilities have also been damaged. (ECHO, 13 Feb 2019)

39 deaths have been reported so far and nearly 8 300 people have been affected. Floods and landslides have damaged or destroyed roads, bridges, houses, crops and killed more than 5 500 animals. (ECHO, 21 Feb 2019)

As of 28 February, media reported 51 deaths and 79 injured people. Furthermore, 228 houses have been destroyed, 26 bridges have been demolished and several roads have been blocked by torrential rain and landslides. (ECHO, 28 Feb 2019)

Heavy rain in the past days has caused the overflow of Tumbes River located in Tumbes Region (northern Peru). Several districts of Pampa Grande, San Jacinto and San Juan de la Virgen in the Tumbes city area have been flooded. As of 7 March at 8.00 UTC, media report that three schools, 10 houses and 956 hectares of crops have been flooded. 12 villages were isolated by the overflow of the river. (ECHO, 7 Mar 2019)

On 13 March 2019, the Peru National Emergency Operations Center (COEN) reported heavy rain and an overflow of the Cañavera creek yesterday afternoon causing floods and isolating the following towns in Tumbes Department: Tacna Libre, Cherrelique, Bellavista, La Choza, Cienego Sur, Cienego Norte, El Palmo, Chicama, Cuadrillas, and el Cardo. In Canoas de Punta Sal District, Contralmirante Villa Province, 153 people and 47 homes were affected due to floods. Elsewhere in Abancay City, Apurimac Region, media reported, more than 1,000 homes built in the ravines are at a high risk due to an overflow of the Colcaque creek. (PAHO, 14 Mar 2019)

Heavy rainfall has been impacting the province of Utcubamba (Amazonas Region, Peru) since 25 March, causing the overflow of the Maranon river. As of 28 March at 8.00 UTC, the National Institute of Civil Defence reports that 25 houses were destroyed and 25 families have been evacuated in the district of Cumba. (ECHO, 28 Mar 2019)

On 29 March 2019, [COEN] reported heavy rain and mudslides occurred yesterday in several districts of Chanchamayo Province, Junin Region, affecting 370 families and homes. In addition, 13 homes were destroyed and two deaths were reported. In Perene District, an overflow of the Perene river affected several roads and the main potable water pipeline in the district. Elsewhere, in Ripan District, Dos de Mayo Province, Huanuco Department, 80 families and homes were affected due to rain and mudslides. (PAHO, 29 Mar 2019)

As of 4 April at 8.00 UTC, media report that in Junin Region (central Peru) four people have been reported dead and at least 1 800 have been affected by the overflowing of rivers Chanchamayo, Paucartambo and Perené. Up to 30 houses have been reportedly destroyed and over 500 have been flooded. Intense rainfall has been registered in San Martin Region (northern Peru), where the overflowing of the river Huallaga has affected 228 people and flooded 70 buildings. For the next 48 hours, heavy rain, strong winds and thunderstorms could affect mainland Peru, from the central areas to the south. A Level 4 warning, has been issued for several districts in Arequipa, Puno, Tacna and Cuzco regions (southern Peru). (ECHO, 3 Apr 2019)

Date: 13 Feb 2019
Status: Ongoing

Paraguay: Paraguay: Flood - Feb 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000033-PRY
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Paraguay

On 12 February 2019, the Paraguay National Emergency Secretariat (SEN) reported strong winds on Sunday, 10 February affecting 120 families and 121 homes in the San Pedro Department in the towns of San Pedro, Santa Rosa del Aguaray, Choré, and Puerto Antequera. (PAHO, 13 Feb 2019)

On 21 March 2019, [SEN] reported an update regarding the recent heavy rain in several parts of the country; the following districts in Alto Paraguay Department are under a state of emergency: Fuerte Olimpo, Bahía Negra, Carmelo Peralta, Puerto Casado, and Puerto Guaran. Several communities such as Toro Pampa, María Auxiliadora, and San Carlos (Alto Paraguay) are isolated due to the accumulation of rain. Nationally, the number of families affected by floods has increased to 5,488 (increase of 714 in one day). Furthermore, media reported in Coronel Martinez District, Guairá Department, an overflow of the Tebicuarymí river affected between 250-300 families. (PAHO, 21 Mar 2019)

On 1 April 2019, [SEN] reported an increase in the level of water of the Paraguay river over the weekend where 1,000 families were affected in Asuncion city. In addition, affected people were evacuated from following cities: Concepción, Vallemí, Fuerte Olimpo, and Carmelo Peralta in the Paraguayan Chaco. To date, approximately, 1,081 families evacuated the Bañados areas of Tacumbu town...[T]he indigenous communities of Colonia 96 and Buena Vista are isolated due to heavy rain. (PAHO, 2 Apr 2019)

Heavy rainfall has hit Paraguay in recent weeks, generating flooding in several areas of the country. The most affected department is Distrito Capital, where several neighborhoods of Asuncion have been flooded by the overflowing Paraguay river. As of 4 April at 8.00 UTC, one person was reported dead (in Santa Ana neighborhood, Asuncion) and at least 2 000 people displaced across the area. The Municipality of Asuncion has declared a state of emergency over the next 90 days. (ECHO, 4 Apr 2019)

On 14 April 2019, the Paraguay National Emergency Secretariat (SEN) reported that recent heavy rain in Asuncion City caused the Paraguay river wall to collapse, affecting 300 families in Villa Cangrejo, Sajonia neighborhood. (PAHO, 15 Apr 2019)

Date: 13 Feb 2019
Status: Alert

Moldova: Moldova: Cold Wave - Jan 2019

GLIDE number: CW-2019-000013-MDA
Disaster type: Cold Wave
Affected countries: Moldova

Precarious meteorological conditions, abundant snow, low temperatures were registered between 11 and 12 January 2019 on the territory of the Republic of Moldova. The level of snow throughout the country reached 30 – 190 mm, which is extreme, with most of snow falling in the central and northern part of the Republic. The Government announced code of danger “yellow” in the country. On 11-12 January the roads were closed for any movement, but after 24 hours cleaned and opened again. 14 communities in 5 districts were left without electricity for one day. Low temperatures were registered (-5 to -11 Co). Low temperatures in Moldova have been registered until the end of January. On the 20th of January several regions of the country were affected by the icy rain, which covered all the roads in snow. It is reported that in total 5,460 people were affected by the disaster. Many people with limited physical mobility and living alone were blocked in their houses limiting their ability to purchase required items, including food. Due to the lower than normal temperatures the housing condition proved to not be adequate to keep households warm. The most vulnerable are unable to afford the costs of heating and are concerned that additional costs associated with heating will indebt them further. Out of 5,460 affected people, 2,912 need Red Cross assistance. These are mainly older people, people with disabilities or people with very low income in their families. Because of their poverty, they can’t afford to heat the houses as the heating costs are very high. With the limited income, people prefer to spend money on food or for medicines rather than on heating or electricity put them at risk of developing illnesses and further exacerbating their difficult situation. (IFRC, 6 Feb 2019)

Date: 06 Feb 2019
Status: Past disaster

Philippines: Philippines: Measles Outbreak - Feb 2019

GLIDE number: EP-2019-000112-PHL
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Philippines

On 6 February 2019, the Department of Health (DOH) declared a “measles outbreak” in the National Capital Region (NCR) and Region 3 (Central Luzon). On the 7 February 2019, DOH announced that the measles outbreak had spread to more areas in Luzon and Visayas in CALABARZON, Region 6 (Western Visayas) and Region 7 (Central Visayas). Unconfirmed reports from DOH report around 72 deaths among more than 2,000 cases of measles nationwide. While according to San Lazaro Hospital Epidemiology Department (Special National Hospital Medical Center for Infectious Diseases with a 500-bed capacity), there are 1,187 reported suspected measles cases in Metro Manila since January 2019, with 55 deaths. On 5 February 2019, at least 248 children and 21 adults were being treated for measles in the hospital. Most of the confirmed deaths are children aged three months to four years old. (IFRC, 8 Feb 2019)

Cities in NCR with the most cases are: Manila, Caloocan, Marikina, Pasig, Navotas, Parañaque, Taguig, Pasay, and Malabon. (IFRC, 12 Feb 2019)

From 1 January to 13 February, the DOH reported over 4,300 confirmed measles cases. Severe complications from measles have also claimed the lives of 70 people, 1 in 3 of which were children younger than nine months old. More than 80 per cent of 2.6 million unvaccinated children are in the seven regions which have declared outbreaks - Regions III, IVA, IVB, VI, VII, VIII, and the National Capital Region. DOH activated its Incident Command System to implement the nationwide vaccination campaign which will target 95% of the estimated 2.6 million unvaccinated children under 5 years. (OCHA, 15 Feb 2019)

Between 1 January and 18 February 2019, 9,267 measles cases including 146 deaths were officially reported through the routine surveillance system from the Philippines Department of Health (DoH): a 266% increase with the same time period in 2018. (UNICEF/WHO, 20 Feb 2019)

The Department of Health is working with Government agencies in responding to the outbreak and conducting a nationwide immunization campaign. WHO and UNICEF are working closely with the Department of Health to provided technical and funding support to the national programme in the planning, implementation, and monitoring of response activities to contain the outbreak. At the request of the Department of Health, UNICEF is providing tents and is mobilizing its NGO network to support the vaccination campaign. (OCHA, 18 Feb 2019)

Since declaring a measles outbreak on 6 February, the number of cases continues to surge and the Department of Health has reported 12,736 cases of measles and 203 deaths nation-wide as of 24 February. According to the second joint situation report issued by the WHO and UNICEF, the overall risk is assessed as high due to the large number of cases, chronicly low routine immunisation coverage, and increased vaccination hesitancy. Fifty-seven per cent of measles cases are children under five years, with over 80 per cent of cases citing children are not vaccinated. (OCHA, 25 Feb 2019)

The number of cases and deaths due to an outbreak of measles continues to rise. As of 2 March, 16,349 measles cases including 261 deaths were reported by the Department of Health (DOH). There are a number of reports of cases from the Philippines in neighboring countries. The Philippines Government has launched a large-scale information campaign urging parents to have their children vaccinated. The DOH is organising house-to-house vaccinations nationwide, with a strategy to vaccinate all children under five. The Philippine Red Cross has mobilized volunteers to support the immunization campaign and has set up tents in hospitals dedicated to responding to the measles outbreak. (OCHA, 4 Mar 2019)

As of 11 March 2019, a total of 18,553 cases of measles including 280 deaths were reported in 17 Regions. Most of the cases were from NCR (3,850), CALABARZON (4,807), Region III (2,840), Region VI (987) and Region X (876). Ages of cases ranged from less than one month to 88 years old. Majority of the cases were not vaccinated. (Govt. of Philippines, 11 Mar 2019)

Between 1 January and 14 March 2019, 21,396 measles cases including 315 deaths were officially reported through the routine surveillance system from the DoH: a 384% increase with the same time period in 2018. With a median age of 3 years old, 54% of measles cases are under 5 years of age. The majority of measles cases are male (53%). As of 14 March 2019, 60% of cases have no documented vaccination status. DoH estimates that 2% of cases had been previously vaccinated with one or 2 doses. The vaccination status of the remainder of cases is unknown. (UNICEF & WHO, 19 Mar 2019)

Between 1 January and 26 March 2019, 25,676 measles cases including 355 deaths were officially reported: a 378% increase with the same time period in 2018. As of 26 March 2019, 59% of cases have no documented vaccination status. DoH data shows that 3% of cases had been previously vaccinated with 2 doses of measles vaccine. The vaccination status of the remainder of cases is unknown. (UNICEF & WHO, 2 Apr 2019)

Between 1 January and 14 April 2019, over 28,362 measles cases including 389 deaths were officially reported through DOH surveillance system. More than 80% of all deaths are children under the age of 5, 61% of measles deaths are male. Most deaths are reported from Region III, IV-A, VIII and NCR. As of 5 April 2019, 90% of cases have no documented vaccination status. (UNICEF & WHO, 14 Apr 2019)

Useful Links

Date: 06 Feb 2019
Status: Ongoing

Cuba: Cuba: Severe Local Storm - Jan 2019

GLIDE number: ST-2019-000111-CUB
Disaster type: Severe Local Storm
Affected countries: Cuba

The tornado of 27 January 2019 was registered as an EF4 * with a speed of winds that reached 300 km/h, higher than a category four hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson scale. Four people are reported dead and a total of 195 injured.1,238 homes affected, of which 123 are total landslides and 224 completely lost the roof. Eleven health institutions, 46 schools with different levels of damage and 21 day care centers have been affected. 220,000 people remain affected in the electric service. The most complex situation continues at the Daughters of Galicia maternity hospital, from which 196 patients were evacuated. (UNCT Cuba, 29 Jan 2019)

According to the assessment of the damage caused by the tornado - affecting several municipalities of the Cuban capital – the impact was so severe that Havana’s inhabitants started to refer to the weather event as "The Tornado of the Century". The number of families left homeless or with severely damaged houses has yet to be defined. The initial number of affected homes raised from 1,901 to 3,513. The trend is still increasing as people report the damages of their properties to the Oficinas de Trámites, operating at the community level. More than 4,800 people have been protected: 4,783 people are currently living in homes of relatives and friends and 164 in state facilities. The president of the Institute of Hydraulic Resources (INRH)...reported that the water pumping in the affected areas has already been restored. He also estimated that more than 350,000 people could not receive water services following the passage of the tornado...The United Nations Team for Disaster Management in Cuba (UNDMT) has activated its disaster response mechanisms and continues to analyze the main damage after the tornado. [OCHA] is in close contact with the Office of the Resident Coordinator and is sending an expert to support in the response. (UNCT Cuba, 4 Feb 2019)

Th[e] Plan of Action includes the mobilization of $14,391,461 to respond to the urgent needs of 253,682 people affected by the tornado in the 14 People´s Councils that suffered the greatest impact. Actions in the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene, Education, Health (including sexual and reproductive health), Food Security and Early Recovery and Housing sectors are included. A multi-sectorial response approach has been designed to guarantee a comprehensive benefit to families with humanitarian needs...The short term response actions will be executed within six months, while the medium and long term processes of early recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction will take between 12 to 18 months. (UNCT Cuba, 13 Feb 2019)

Key Content

Date: 27 Jan 2019
Status: Ongoing

Argentina: Argentina: Floods - Jan 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000009-ARG
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Argentina

In early 2019, heavy rain caused flooding in the provinces of Chaco, Corrientes, Santiago del Estero, Tucumán, Santa Fe and Entre Ríos. At the national level, 4 people have died, more than a third of the impacted provinces’ population had to be evacuated and 30,041 people are reported to have been affected by the rainfall that began in the early morning hours of 8 January 2019 and lasted through 18 January 2019. On 23 January 2019, the Argentine government declared a hydro-meteorological emergency for the province of Chaco. (IFRC, 28 Jan 2019)

Date: 23 Jan 2019
Status: Past disaster

Malawi: Malawi: Floods - Jan 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000014-MWI
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Malawi

Although Tropical Cyclone Desmond did not reach Malawi its effects resulted in continuous rainfall in the southern part of the country since 22nd January through to 26th January 2019. Within this period, extensive rainfall were received for Blantyre, Chikwawa and Nsanje from the Department of Climate Change and Met service. On 23rd January 2019, the Village Civil Protection Committee (VCPC) reported to the District Civil Protection Committee (DCPC) on the flooding and subsequent displacement of people in some Tradition Authorities of Chikwawa District. Based on a preliminary assessment report, the most affected Traditional Authorities are Makhuwira and Paramount Chief Lundu in Chikwawa. The assessment reported that a total of 15,974 people were affected, 3,154 houses damaged or destroyed, and 5,078 people reported to be displaced across at least seven camps set up by communities and government through the VCPCs. The VCPCs managed to evacuate the IDPs to the following camps; Mpama CBO, Nyangu Primary School, Tizola Grain Bank, Phimbi Primary School, Livuzu Primary school, Sekeni Primary School and Alinafe Camp. Most of the affected houses were semipermanent structures. (IFRC, 11 Feb 2019)

A report from Salima District Council indicates that floods, that came about as a result of heavy rains, have affected 643 people in Mtauchira Village, T/A Pemba.The report further states that 257 people, of which 93 are under the age of 18, have been displaced and have since sought refuge at Kanduku Evacuation Centre[...]. (Gov't, Malawi, 15 Feb 2019)

Heavy rains and floods have affected most parts of the Southern Region in Malawi, following the formation of a tropical disturbance over the Mozambique Channel earlier in the week. At least 13 districts have been impacted, with Nsanje (more than 44,500 people affected) and Phalombe (25,000 people affected) hardest hit...On 8 March 2019, the President of Malawi, His Excellency Arthur Peter Mutharika, declared a State of Disaster in areas hit by the heavy rains and floods in the country. (OCHA, 9 Mar 2019)

In Malawi, nearly 739,800 people have been impacted, according to the Government, with 45 deaths and 577 injuries recorded. More than 75,900 people are estimated to be displaced, with many ad hoc camps established and people living out in the open as their houses have been destroyed. (OCHA, 13 Mar 2019)

[T]he Malawi Government, in collaboration with its partners, launched the Flood Response Plan to respond to diverse humanitarian needs from the floods that have devastated 15 of the country’s 28 districts. The response plan covers interventions to meet immediate needs in food, shelter, health and nutrition, water and sanitation, and protection services in the affected districts. It targets 162,240 households, including about 87,000 displaced people in various districts...Of the required US$ 42.7 million for the response, Malawi Government and its partners have secured US$13.3 million, leaving a gap of US$29.4 million. The response plan is for immediate humanitarian needs for the initial three months. (UNCT, 29 Mar 2019)

Appeals & Response Plans

Useful Links

  • VOSOCC Floods in Malawi - Logo

Date: 22 Jan 2019
Status: Ongoing

Nigeria: Nigeria: Lassa Fever Outbreak - Jan 2019

GLIDE number: EP-2019-000012-NGA
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Nigeria

On 21 January 2019, the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) declared an outbreak of Lassa fever following an increase in the number of cases. From 01 to 27 January 2019, a total of 213 confirmed cases including 41 deaths were reported from sixteen states (Edo, Ondo, Ebonyi, Bauchi, Plateau, Taraba, Gombe, Anambra, Kaduna, Kwara, FCT, Benue, Rivers, Nassarawa and Kogi States) across 40 Local Government Areas (LGAs). This represents a significant increase in the number of cases reported compared to at the same period in 2018. With the outbreak confirmed, WHO intensified its technical assistance to State and Federal authorities in investigation and response to the outbreak. (WHO, 1 Feb 2019)

The number of confirmed cases reported across Nigeria remains high. In week 6, 2019 (week ending 10 February 2019), 37 new confirmed cases including 10 deaths (case fatality ratio = 27%) were reported from nine states across Nigeria. The majority of cases were reported from Ondo (12) and Edo (10) states. The number of confirmed cases reported in week 6, 2019 represents a slight decrease compared to week 5 when 68 confirmed cases were reported. (WHO, 14 Feb 2019)

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) has reported a decrease in the number of Lassa fever cases reported weekly in the country. This is following the intensive response to the Lassa fever outbreak declared in Nigeria on the 21st of January 2019...In the last reporting week ending on the 17th February 2019, 25 new confirmed cases of Lassa fever were reported. So far, a total of 355 confirmed cases with 75 deaths have been recorded between January 1st and February 17th, 2019 from 20 states across 57 Local Government Areas. Over the past three weeks, there has been a downward trend in new cases. The number of new cases being reported are lower, compared to the same period during the 2018 outbreak. (Govt, 25 Feb 2019)

Useful Links

Date: 21 Jan 2019
Status: Ongoing

Philippines: Tropical Depression Amang - Jan 2019

GLIDE number: EC-2019-000006-PHL
Disaster type: Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Philippines

Heavy rainfall (greater than 7.5 mm per hour) is currently expected over Caraga Region (Region XIII), Davao Region (Region XI) and Eastern Visayas (VIII). The weather disturbance is expected to make landfall over the southern part of Davao region and traverse north through Caraga, Eastern Visayas up to Bicol region.

Caraga is particularly vulnerable as these are mountainous areas with river valleys and are susceptible to floods and landslides. The current landfall is forecasted for Caraga Region, Surigao del Sur Province located along the northeastern coast of Mindanao. Situated west is the Diwata Mountain Range, isolating the province from the rest of Mindanao.

Caraga is susceptible to landslides due to its rugged terrain, while the Agusan River Valley (the third largest river basin in the country, with a total drainage area of 11,937 square kilometres and an estimated length of 390 kilometres from its head origin in Compostela Valley) that stretches all the way to Davao, Butuan and Surigao makes the region prone to flash floods. (IFRC, 18 Jan 2019)

On 20 January, Tropical Depression Amang made landfall over Siargao Island, Surigao del Norte province. As of 21 January, TD Amang was 40 km/h north-northeast of Guiuan, Eastern Samar, and is estimated to bring moderate to heavy rain over the Eastern Visayas and Bicol regions in areas that previously experienced widespread flooding and landslides due to TD Usman that struck in December, causing the loss of over 150 lives. Over 11,000 people have been pre-emptively evacuated in Albay, Camarines Sur, Masbate, Eastern Samar, Agusan del Norte, Dinagat Islands, Surigao del Norte, and Surigao del Sur Provinces, and residents in flood and landslide prone areas have been advised to take precautionary measures. (OCHA, 21 Jan 2019)

Date: 18 Jan 2019
Status: Past disaster

Algeria: Algeria: Cold Wave - Jan 2019

GLIDE number: CW-2019-000010-DZA
Disaster type: Cold Wave
Affected countries: Algeria

On 11 January, Algeria was hit by a cold wave with heavy snow and rainfalls which further intensified on 13 January. Severe weather conditions were reported to have affected 25 out of 48 governorates of Algeria. Extreme weather has resulted in widespread chaos, leaving 8 people dead, 25 people wounded, damage to powerlines and other key infrastructure, more than 151 roads becoming unpassable due to snow and floods, and to the loss of shelter and livelihoods in more than 300 villages and communes across the country. (IFRC 31 Jan 2019)

Date: 11 Jan 2019
Status: Past disaster

Ukraine: Ukraine: Measles Outbreak - Jan 2019

GLIDE number: EP-2019-000017-UKR
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Ukraine

Measles outbreak continues to spread in Ukraine, with new cases being reported in all regions. In 2018, Ukraine reported more measles cases than all of the European Union. Large-scale outbreak response measures have been undertaken since the start of the outbreak in 2017 to curb further spread of the disease and restore high routine immunization coverage, however, in 2018 the amount of the confirmed cases has increased tenfold. In 2018, 11.2 per cent, average one-week increase, brought the total number of measles cases to 54,481 (20,204 adults and 34,277 children), with 16 deaths. Since the beginning of 2019, more than 21,000 cases (7 deaths) have been registered which is an absolute record for the country and 300 per cent increase from 2018’s January and February months.

Most people affected by the measles outbreak for 2018 regions are in Lviv (total 11,873 people: 3,378 adults and 8,495 children), Zakarpattya (total 4,733 people: 988 adults and 3,745 children), Ivano-Frankivsk region (total 5,617 people: 1,496 adults and 4,121 children), Odesa (total 2,835 people: 1,426 adults and 1,409 children), Ternopil (total 3,658 people: 1,268 adults and 2 390 children), Vinnitsa (total 3,422 people: 1,212 adults and 2,210 children), Rivne (total 2,950 people: 922 adults and 2,028 children), Chernivtsi (total 3,387 people: 1,117 adults and 2,267 children) and capital city of Kyiv (total 3,197 people: 1,898 adults and 1 299 children). (IFRC, 4 Mar 2019)

Date: 07 Jan 2019
Status: Ongoing