Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

16 de junio de 2019
Erasmus Mundus Master in Public Health in Disasters


Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

Desastres activos

India: Tropical Cyclone Vayu - Jun 2019

GLIDE number: TC-2019-000055-IND
Disaster type: Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: India, Pakistan

Tropical Cyclone VAYU formed over the eastern Arabian Sea (Indian Ocean) on 10 June and started moving north...It could reach southwestern Gujarat State on 13 June, with maximum sustained winds up to 150-160 km/h. Heavy rain with thunderstorms and strong winds are forecast over western coastal states over the next 24 hours. A strong wind and heavy rainfall warning is in effect for Kerala, Karnataka, Goa and Maharashtra States and a thunderstorm warning for Maharashtra States. The national government has deployed 15 teams of National Disaster Response Forces (NDRF) in coastal areas. (ECHO, 11 Jun 2019)

India Meteorological Department (IMD) apprised that Cyclone ‘VAYU’ is expected to cross Gujarat coast between Porbandar and Diu around west of Veraval as a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm with wind speed 145-155 kmph gusting to 170 kmph in the forenoon of 13th June 2019. It is likely to cause heavy rainfall in the coastal districts of Gujarat and Storm surge of height of about 1.5-2.0 m above the astronomical tides likely to inundate the low lying coastal areas of Kutch, Devbhoomi Dwarka, Porbandar, Jamnagar, Rajkot, Junagarh, Diu, Gir Somnath, Amreli and Bhavnagar districts at the time of landfall. IMD has been issuing regular bulletins to all the concerned States...Gujarat has already evacuated about 1.2 lakhs people from low lying areas to safer places and would complete the evacuation of 3 lakh people by 4 PM today. Similarly Diu has evacuated 8000 people and would complete the evacuation of over 10000 people by 4 PM. (Govt. India, 12 Jun 2019)

As of 13 June 2019 at 1430 hrs IST, the very severe cyclonic Storm ‘VAYU’ moved northwestwards with a speed of about 07 kmph in last six hours and lay centred over northeast & adjoining eastcentral Arabian Sea, about 190 km west of Diu, 130 km westsouthwest of Veraval (Gujarat) and 120 km nearly south of Porbandar (Gujarat). It is very likely to move north-northwestwards for some time and then northwestwards skirting the Saurashtra coast affecting Gir Somnath, Diu, Junagarh, Porbandar and Devbhoomi Dwarka with wind speed 90-100 kmph gusting to 110 kmph during next 12 hours. (Govt. India, 13 Jun 2019)

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Date: 11 Jun 2019
Status: Alert

Yemen: Yemen: Flash Floods - Jun 2019

GLIDE number: FF-2019-000054-YEM
Disaster type: Flash Flood
Affected countries: Yemen

Torrential rain and flash flooding in recent weeks, culminating in widespread flooding in the second week of June, have affected thousands of families across Yemen. It is estimated that rains and floods have affected close to 70,000 people, including internally displaced people, in over 10 governorates. Hajjah Governorate is the most affected Governorate.

As of 10 June, the Executive Unit for IDPs rapid assessment identified more than 3,000 displaced families (18,000 people) in Aden, Lahj, Taizz and Hadramaut affected by heavy rain and flooding between 7 and 9 June. Approximately 1,321 displaced families (about 8,000 people) have been affected in 12 areas of Aden City. The rains have also affected 1,385 displaced families (8,310 people) in four sites in Tuban District in Lahj Governorate, 315 families (1,890 people) at five sites in Ash Shamayatayn and Al Maafer districts in Taizz, 149 families (894 people) in several sites in As Shihir, Al Mukalla and Al Abr districts in Hadramaut, and 243 families (about 1,500 people) in IDP settlements in Al Qods village, Khanfir District in Abyan. (OCHA, 11 Jun 2019)

According to media reports, as of 12 June at 8.00 UTC, three people died, two in the city of Aden and one in the province of Shabwa due to flash floods. Several houses, crops and roads have been flooded. (ECHO, 12 Jun 2019)

Date: 10 Jun 2019
Status: Alert

Libya: Libya: Floods - May 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000051-LBY
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Libya

A wave of heavy rainfall and thunderstorm has hit the south western region of Libya. The rainfall commenced on the 28 May 2019 and intensified on the 2 June. The municipality of Ghat has been severely affected, including: Silila, Ta’ala, Ghat, Albakat, Saya, Alfiywat, Al-Sharika and Al-Siniyah. The rainfall and thunderstorm are expected to continue, decreasing in intensity in the coming days. The water levels have not receded and vary between 0.5 to 2 meters depending on the area. The municipality activated the Emergency Cell consisting of local authorities, police and the Libyan Red Crescent.

According to the local counterparts, over 20,000 people have been affected by the floods and an estimated 2,500 have been displaced to nearby areas. Most of the displaced families are hosted with relatives or sheltered in three schools habilitated by the municipality. Human casualties have been reported. To date, four died (including three children and one adult) and 30 people suffered minor injuries.

Severe damage to infrastructure and farmland vital for livelihoods were reported. Ghat hospital was partially flooded and service provision has been affected. The official exams for elementary and middle school scheduled for next week have been postponed. There is a risk of running out of fuel and domestic commodities due to the infrastructure damage. The airport remains operational.

The Emergency Cell reported displaced persons in remote locations who might need temporary accommodation, but numbers are still to be confirmed. Based on the magnitude of damage, they estimate that IDPs will be able to gradually return home within a month’s time. (OCHA, 5 Jun 2019)

Date: 28 May 2019
Status: Ongoing

Central African Republic: Central African Republic: Polio Outbreak - May 2019

GLIDE number: EP-2019-000053-CAF
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Central African Republic

Two separate VDPV2 cases not genetically linked from AFP were confirmed on 29th May and 31 May 2019. On 30th May 2019, the MoH declared a public health emergency of national concern as per global guidelines. The first case reported was from Bambari district, RS4 region with date of onset of paralysis on 2nd May 2019. The case of a 3 year old female habiting in a semi nomadic breeder family was picked from an IDP camp with zero doses from routine and SIAs. A total of 21 samples (12 contacts, 8 Community and 1 blood) were collected with 6/17 samples tested were PV2s while 4 samples are pending lab results. A second VDPV2 case was picked in a village from Bimbo was detected. Seventeen contacts were collected and are pending lab results. (WHO, 9 Jun 2019)

Date: 24 May 2019
Status: Alert

Pakistan: Pakistan: Polio Outbreak - May 2019

GLIDE number: EP-2019-000116-PAK
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Pakistan

The Committee is gravely concerned by the significant further increase in WPV1 cases globally in 2019, particularly in Pakistan where 15 cases have already been reported. In Pakistan transmission continues to be widespread, as indicated by the number of positive environmental isolates in many areas of the country, and the proportion of samples that detect WPV1 is rising. The recent cluster of cases in Lahore also indicates that vulnerabilities still exist outside the high-risk corridors. Notably, the increased rate of infection during what is usually the low season may herald even higher rates of infection in the coming high season unless urgent remedial steps are taken. The committee was very concerned about attacks on vaccinators and on the police protecting them. The increasing refusal by individuals and communities to accept vaccination also needs to be actively addressed. While the committee understood that the recent elections and political transition may have adversely affected delivery of the polio program, it is now essential that the new government renews its efforts, noting that the eradication program in the country is no longer on-track. The committee suggested a thorough analysis of the situation in Pakistan be urgently undertaken, to understand what factors have led to the recent but most serious deterioration in polio eradication seen since 2014. Government, program and community factors need to be all included in such a review. (Emergency Committee under the International Health Regulations (IHR), 29 May 2019).

Date: 14 May 2019
Status: Alert

Georgia: Georgia: Floods - May 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000047-GEO
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Georgia

On 12 May 2019, heavy rain and hail affected Kakheti Region of Georgia, mainly Lagodekhi, Akhmeta, Telavi and Dedoplistskaro municipalities. As a result of the heavy rain (125 mm), yards, entrances, basements and first floors of many houses and buildings were flooded. Furthermore, infrastructure, such as roads and bridges connecting the villages, riverbank protections, as well as agricultural lands and fruit trees have been destroyed. The Emergency Management Service and all relevant ministries are involved in the liquidation works of the flooding of the rivers in the affected villages. In total 1,272 families (5,088 people) have been affected by the disaster in Kakheti Region. The overall population of the affected municipalities is approximately 147,800 with the breakdown per community as follows:

• Dedoplistskaro Municipality – in total 20,900 people,
• Telavi Municipality 56,000 people,
• Lagodekhi Municipality 41,300 people,
• Akhmeta 29,600 people.

(IFRC, 27 May 2019)

Date: 12 May 2019
Status: Ongoing

United Republic of Tanzania: Tanzania: Floods - May 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000048-TZA
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: United Republic of Tanzania

Heavy rains were reported in Dar es Salaam, starting on 8 May 2019 to-date. According to the Tanzania Meteorological Agency (TMA), these rains are a result of the Inter-Tropical Convergence Belt and led to continous rainfall and resulting flooding which peaked on 13 May 2019. According to IGAD Climate Prediction Application Centre (ICPAC), much of southern and eastern Tanzania recorded wetter than normal rainfall condition with a few places in southern and eastern Tanzania recording severely to extremely wet rainfall conditions between 1st and 10th May 2019. On 23rd May 2019, the TMA issued a weather information update stating that rains will continue with significant impact; floods, fishing activities to be interfered, transport network impaired, socioeconomic/ livelihood will be damaged and increased risk of waterborne and vector borne disease outbreak.

The floods caused a significant impact to the people in Dar es salaam leading to damage of properties and livelihoods and putting the affected population at risk of diseases. The initial rapid assessment conducted by TRCS from May 20 to May 23rd, indicated that the heavy rains have caused serious flooding in Kinondoni, Temeke and Ilala municipalities of Dar es Salaam. The rains which fell upstream affected eight (8) out of twenty-seven (27) wards of Kinondoni municipality, eleven (11) out of twenty-four (24) Wards of Temeke municipality and eight (8) out of twenty-five (25) Wards of Ilala municipality.

The flooding has caused displacement of people, who are hosted by friends as well as in temporary public buildings, mainly schools, mosques and churches. A total of 1215 HH have been displaced (from the 1560 HH affected). There is a widespread destruction of physical infrastructure, particularly roads and bridges, some of which have been completely damaged/broken, interfering with communication between neighbouring places within and outside the municipality. The flooding has caused significant damage to houses and has swept away personal household items and belongings as well as other properties including poultry. (IFRC, 27 May 2019)

Date: 08 May 2019
Status: Ongoing

Democratic People's Republic of Korea: DPR Korea: Drought - Apr 2019

GLIDE number: DR-2019-000042-PRK
Disaster type: Drought
Affected countries: Democratic People's Republic of Korea

DPRK is currently experiencing a challenging food insecurity situation. Unusually little precipitation during the winter and spring so far is posing a serious threat to the spring harvest, at a time when the harvest in 2018 was the worst in a decade. Entering 2019, DPRK has experienced unusually erratic weather conditions with little precipitation, limiting the soil moisture for growth of winter and planting of spring crops as well as replenishment of water reservoirs for irrigation. DPRK is already suffering from a protracted food crisis, making the population vulnerable to any further losses of harvest or food. Food production in 2018 in DPRK was the lowest over the past decade. (IFRC, 29 Apr 2019)

According to Joint Rapid Food Security Assessment, following the worst harvest in 10 years, due to dry spells, heatwaves and flooding, it is estimated that 10.1 million people (40 percent of the population) are food insecure and in urgent need of food assistance. The situation could further deteriorate during the lean season from May to September, if no proper and urgent humanitarian actions are taken. (FAO/WFP, 3 May 2019)

Date: 30 Apr 2019
Status: Ongoing

India: Tropical Cyclone Fani - Apr 2019

GLIDE number: TC-2019-000041-IND
Disaster type: Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka

According to Bangladesh Meteorological Department (BMD), Tropical Cyclone FANI was 1,665 km south of Cox’s Bazar port. The storm is likely to intensify further and move in a north-westerly direction. Seas will remain very rough and maritime ports of Chattogram, Cox’s Bazar, Mongla, and Payra remain under a storm advisory. (ECHO, 28 Apr 2019)

Tropical Cyclone FANI is moving north-west over the southern Bay of Bengal. On 29 April its centre was located approximately 610 km east of Trincomalee City (Sri Lanka) and 930 km north-east of Chennai City (Tamil Nadu, India) with maximum sustained winds of 83 km/h (tropical storm). (ECHO, 29 Apr 2019)

Cyclone Fani has further intensified into an “severe cyclonic storm” and is approaching the Odisha coast. It is likely to cross Odisha Coast somewhere between Gopalpur and Chandbali, south of Puri district around 3 May. A red alert warning for 17 districts of Odisha has been issued on 30 April. After landfall, it is likely to move to Khurda, Cuttack, Jajpur, Bhadrak and Balasore districts of Odisha and then enter to West Bengal. (ECHO, 1 May 2019)

Tropical Cyclone FANI made landfall between Brahmagiri village and Puri City (Odisha State, India) on the morning of 3 May, with maximum sustained winds up to 240 km/h (Category 4 on the Saffir-Simpson scale)...Over 1 million people have been evacuated from coastal communities in Odisha and Andhra Pradesh and 4 852 shelters have been set up. Rail, road and air traffic have been suspended. In Bangladesh, national authorities have ordered the evacuation of 19 coastal districts and 3 868 evacuation shelters have been opened. (ECHO, 3 May 2019)

According to [BMD] on May 4 the severe cyclonic storm FANI weakened into a deep depression and it is likely to move North-North-Easter direction further inland and weaken gradually. The coastal districts of Chattogram, Noakhali, Laxmipur, Feni, Chandpur, Borguna, Bhola, Patuakhali, Barishal, Pirozpur, Jhalokathi, Bagherhat, Khulna, Satkhira and their offshore islands are likely to be inundated by storm surges of two to four feet height above normal astronomical tide levels. Gust wind speed of 40-50 kilometres per hour are registered over north Bay of Bengal. International media has reported 50 people injured and 14 deaths including children due to tree falls and wall collapse in Barguna, Noakhali and Patuakhali. At least 36 villages in Patuakhali, Bagerhat, Bhola and Satkhira were inundated as storm surges breached earthen dykes and overflew them, according to the National Disaster Response Coordination Centre (NDRCC). A total of 32.28km of earthen dykes were damaged. Around 13,000 houses were fully or partially damaged due to cyclonic storm in the coastal districts, including Bhola, Chandpur, Bagerhat, Khulna, Satkhira, Patuakhali and Barguna, according to the NDRCC. Crops on 330 acres were totally damaged while those on 52,728 acres were partially affected. According to the Category 1 Report for 4 May by Site Management and Site Sector in Cox’s Bazar, 144 refugees’ households representing 646 refugees are affected by the storm. (ECHO, 5 May 2019)

As of 6 May at 8.00 UTC, at least 33 people have been reported dead in India and another 17 in Bangladesh following the passage of Tropical Cyclone FANI. Odisha State has been the most heavily affected, with electricity and infrastructure damaged. According to the authorities, all families in Puri and Khurda districts have been "extremely severely affected" and the response is underway across 10,000 villages and 52 urban areas in north-eastern India. 13,000 houses have been damaged in Bangladesh according to preliminary estimates and national humanitarian assistance has been provided to affected families. The early evacuation of one million people in India and 1.6 million in Bangladesh prevented a higher number of fatalities, considering the cylone's severity. Tropical Cyclone FANI has now dissipated. (ECHO, 6 May 2019)

The death toll from Tropical Cyclone FANI has increased to 42 in India, while 17 fatalities have been confirmed in Bangladesh by UN OCHA. Approximately 10 million people from coastal areas in the north-eastern States of India have been affected by the tropical cyclone. (ECHO, 7 May 2019)

Despite the success in avoiding higher death tolls, the cyclone has severely affected lives and livelihoods of more than 28 million people across 3 States in India. 24 districts have been affected across the states of Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal. Severely impacted areas are all in Odisha, mainly the districts of Puri (where the cyclone made landfall), Khurdha, Cuttack, Nayagarh and Jagatsinghpur. More than 4.8 million children are directly impacted by the cyclone in the state of Odisha alone, most them residing in villages and slums deprived of even basic necessities. Critical services to children continue to be disrupted in the affected districts even after a week. (UNICEF, 12 May 2019)

According to damage assessment conducted in Odisha state by Indian Red Cross Society on 8 May, out of 14 districts affected by Tropical Cyclone FANI, Puri, Cuttack, Kendrapara and Jagatsinpur are the districts that were extremely affected. At least 16 million people were affected. The number of casualty reported was 43. In Puri district, more than 189,000 houses were damaged. Summer crops, orchards, plantations devastated in a large scale. (Indian Red Cross Society, 20 May 2019)

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Date: 28 Apr 2019
Status: Ongoing

Mozambique: Tropical Cyclone Kenneth - Apr 2019

GLIDE number: TC-2019-000038-MOZ
Disaster type: Flood, Land Slide, Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Comoros, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, United Republic of Tanzania

On 23 April, Tropical Cyclone Kenneth formed north of Madagascar and east of the Aldabra Atoll, north of the Mozambique Channel. Its path is expected to pass over the northern tip of the Comoros islands on 24 April and continue onward to northern Mozambique and southern Tanzania. It is expected to make landfall in the district of Palma in Mozambique on 25 April...The Global Disaster Alert Coordination System (GDACS) has issued an orange alert for the Cyclone, meaning a medium humanitarian impact is expected based on the storm strength and its forecasted path. According to UNOSAT, the entire population of Comoros (758,339) is within the Cyclone’s windspeed zones, with Grand Comore the primary concern. In Mozambique, more than 747,000 people are living within the Cyclone’s path, mainly in Cabo Delgado Province, including a projected 117,000 living in high wind speed zones. (OCHA, 24 Apr 2019)

On the evening of 25 April, Tropical Cyclone Kenneth made landfall between the districts of Macomia and Mocimboa da Praia. Although preliminary information on impact is still incoming, the storm’s cyclonic winds were expected to reach 180 kilometres per hour prior to landfall, according to the Mozambique National Institute for Meteorology (INM). The Cyclone is forecasted to bring heavy rains, with over 500mm of rainfall expected from 24 to 30 April, and more than 750mm possible in some locations in Cabo Delgado. As the storm comes at the end of the rainy season, river levels are already high, and several rivers are projected to increase beyond the severe alert threshold after landfall, with peak flows most likely to occur on 29 April in the region around Pemba (Mozambique). There is a high risk of flash flooding and landslides. (OCHA, 25 Apr 2019)

The official death toll from the impact of Tropical Cyclone Kenneth in northern Mozambique has risen to 38 people, according to the Government. Nearly 35,000 houses have either been partially destroyed (32,034) or totally destroyed (2,930), according to the Government ... More than 570 mm of rain has been recorded since 25 April in Pemba, the highest in Cabo Delgado. (OCHA, 29 Apr 2019)

More than 27,000 people have been reached with food assistance since Cyclone Kenneth made landfall on 25 April 2019. International deliveries of shelter supplies began to arrive in Pemba on 1 May 2019; more flights are scheduled in the days ahead. The number of people affected by Tropical Cyclone Kenneth has risen to more than 384,800, with an estimated 185,000 people affected in Comoros and at least 199,836 affected in Mozambique. The risk of water-borne diseases is high, with many areas still without access to clean water following the cyclone. (OCHA, 2 May 2019)

Date: 23 Apr 2019
Status: Ongoing

Syrian Arab Republic: Syria: Floods - Mar 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000031-SYR
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Syrian Arab Republic

Starting from 31 March, the heavy rains and the subsequent flooding in the Hasakah Governorate of Syria have affected an estimated 45,000 people, including people living in the internally displaced persons’ camps. The Hasakah Branch of SARC responded immediately to the floods, using regional emergency stocks, by providing 3,000 of the affected population with basic supplies, first aid and health care to the affected population in Tal Hamis, the most seriously affected district. (IFRC, 10 Apr 2019)

SARC, supported by the Movement partners, ICRC, is planning to request international assistance in the in the coming days to support work already being implemented by SARC. The plan is to cover immediate basic needs for three months.The operation will target the needs for 45,000 people in villages, towns and IDP camps that are not receiving humanitarian aid from other partners, noting the current focus from the international humanitarian community on the 73,000 IDPs in the Al Hol camp. (IFRC, 11 Apr 2019)

Heavy rains have caused the worst flooding in a decade across Syria’s Al Hasakeh region, where 118,000 people are facing near complete destruction of their homes and livelihoods. The majority of the affected population are internally displaced people who have fled conflict in Northern Syria and are receiving humanitarian assistance from the Syrian Arab Red Crescent, the only organization that has access to this part of the country. Several camps for internally displaced people have been heavily affected across the region, including some 40,000 people in Al Hol camp and approximately 86 million square metres of land have been submerged in flood waters, destroying crops and livestock. (IFRC, 17 Apr 2019)

Date: 31 Mar 2019
Status: Ongoing

Mozambique: Mozambique: Cholera Outbreak - Mar 2019

GLIDE number: EP-2019-000026-MOZ
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Mozambique

On 27 March, the Government confirmed five cases of cholera at Munhava health centre in Beira City, according to the National Director of Medical Assistance, Ussene Isse. The authorities also reported some 2,500 cases of acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) in Beira district. A total of 900,000 cholera vaccine doses are expected to arrive in Mozambique by 1 April and micro-planning for the vaccination campaign is underway. (OCHA, 27 Mar 2019)

The Ministry of Health declared an outbreak of cholera this week with cases reported in Beira and Nhamatanda. To date, a total of 517 cholera suspected cases and one death had been reported in Beira and Nhamatanda. Investigations are ongoing to confirm the outbreak by culture and to undertake source finding investigations. In addition to the suspected cholera cases there are an increasing number of acute watery diarrhoea and malaria cases being reported in the cyclone and flood affected areas. A total of 535 diarrhoea cases were reported in Beira City (300), Dondo (200) and Nhamtanda and a total of 276 cases of malaria were reported in Beira City (101), Dondo (152) and Nhamtanda (23) as of 30 March 2019. (WHO, 31 Mar 2019)

Since the declaration of the cholera outbreak on 27 March 2019, and up to 18 April 2019, a cumulative total of 6,382 cases and 8 deaths were reported (CFR 0.1%). These cases were reported from the four districts (Beira, Buzi, Dondo and Nhamatanda) of Sofala Province originally affected by this outbreak. Beira district continued to be the most affected district with an overall attack rate of 909 cases per 100,000 population. (UNICEF, 2 May 2019)

The cholera outbreak is showing a downward trend following the effective cholera vaccination campain that reached 98.6% of the population in the last two weeks. Since the declaration of the cholera outbreak on 27 March 2019 until 5 May 2019, 6 739 cases and eight deaths have been reported (CFR 0.1%). All cases were reported from the four districts (Beira, Buzi, Dondo and Nhamatanda) of Sofala Province. (WHO, 26 May 2019)

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Date: 27 Mar 2019
Status: Ongoing

Colombia: Colombia: Floods and Landslides - Mar 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000020-COL
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Colombia

Heavy rains and flooding have been affecting the Colombian department of Chocó since last week, provoking the overflow of the Rivers San Juan, Iró, Condoto, Cértegui and Quito. More than 3 000 families in at least six municipalities (Condoto, Tadó, Cértegui, Andagoya, Río Iró e Istmina) are affected. According to the Red Cross, which is already providing support to the victims, these floods have caused severe damage to both residential and commercial areas. (ECHO, 26 Feb 2019)

On 11 March 2019, the Colombia National Disaster Risk Management Unit (UNGRD) reported recent heavy rain in 14 municipalities of the following departments: Cundinamarca, Nariño, Antioquia, Valle del Cauca, Caldas, Cauca, and Magdalena; 278 families were affected and 17 suffered injuries due to landslides and floods. The Municipality of Tenerife, Magdalena Department reported one death. In Chocó Department, floods affected 10 municipalities. Elsewhere, in a town of 70,000 habitants in Necoclí Municipality, Antioquia Department, media reported a drought causing people there to move to other towns in search of water. (PAHO, 12 Mar 2019)

On 26 March 2019, [UNGRD] indicated that 26 days after the first rain season in Colombia, 1,514 families have been affected and 17 people suffered injuries in 15 departments and 65 municipalities due to floods. Nationally, five deaths have been reported. The most affected departments were: Cundinamarca, Cauca, Tolima, Santander, Caldas, Cesar, Nariño, Chocó, Risaralda, Antioquia, Boyacá, Valle del Cauca, Magdalena, Guainía, and Norte de Santander. (PAHO, 27 Mar 2019)

Heavy rainfall has been affecting several departments of Colombia over the past two weeks, causing floods and landslides. The most affected Departments are Antioquia, Nariño, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, Caldas and Caquetá. According to media reports, as of 15 April 13 people have died, one person is missing, 13 are reported injured and 549 families have been affected. In addition, 20 houses have been destroyed and 384 houses damaged. In Vigía del Fuerte Municipality (Antioquia Department) the floodings have left several communities isolated since 7 April. (ECHO, 15 Apr 2019)

Following heavy rainfall and landslides in south-west Colombia, the number of fatalities has increased. As of 24 April at 8.00 UTC, media report that 29 people are now dead in Rosas (south-western Cauca Province) while three are still missing. Search and rescue operations are ongoing. Access to the Panamericana highway connecting Quito to Cali remains restricted. Moderate rainfall is forecast for central Cauca Province, while several red alerts have been issued for landslides for the neighbouring municipalities of El Tambo, Timbiqui, Mocoa in Cauca. (ECHO, 24 Apr 2019)

On 22 May 2019, the media reported heavy rain and an overflow of the Timbiquí and Saija rivers flooded urban and rural sectors of the Timbiqui Municipality in Cauca Department, Colombia where more than 1,400 families were affected. The most affected sectors were Francia, Buenos Aires, Union de Vivienda, Bella Vista (urban sectors), as well as Coteje and Cupí (rural sectors). (PAHO, 22 May 2019)

Date: 26 Mar 2019
Status: Ongoing

Iraq: Iraq: Floods - Mar 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000030-IRQ
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Iraq

Heavy storms continually recurred throughout the country during the period from 24-March to 2-April when severe weather finally eased. The effects of the storms were recorded in multiple governorates, including Anbar, Basra, Dahuk, Diyala, Kirkuk, Missan, Muthanna, Ninewa, Salah al-Din, Sulaymaniyah, and Wassit; however, the harshest impacts appeared to be in central and northern governorates, primarily regions through which the Tigris River runs, and those areas adjacent to Iran...While flooding in Mosul (Ninewa governorate), caused the closure of five main bridges (Alnasr, Alhurriyya, Qanatir, Suwais and Qayyarah), municipal authorities gave assurances on 2-April that Mosul Dam—Iraq’s largest, which supplies hydroelectric power to Mosul city—was functioning normally. Other dams throughout Iraq, particularly in Diyala governorate, were operating at or near capacity; however, provincial leadership expressed confidence that standard discharge and overflow functions would suffice to meet any surplus. No fatalities have been recorded due to the recent period of severe weather in Iraq.

The Iraqi Red Crescent Society (IRCS) has announced the displacement of more than (270) families from their homes due to the floods that swept through the villages of (Baiji, Ashtayh, Srin, Arbazia) belonging to the districts of Salah governorate. The IRCS has reported in a statement that its teams have rushed to provide assistance and supplies to families which their houses have been swept by torrents, the continuing heavy rain led to the displacement of (154) families from the Karamat area and east of the village of Baaiji to their families and relatives in the village of Mazra’a and the modern neighborhood, the floods caused the sinking of most of their farms, which are estimated at 30 dunums, also 60 houses besieged by water, 75 families have been displaced from the village of Arbazia to their relatives, In addition, 49 families have also been displaced from Al Sreen village to the mountain area, also five families from Al-Ashitah village were displaced due to floods that surrounded their homes. (IRCS, 7 Apr 2019)

About 328 726 populations are at risk. Cities and villages affected are: Ali al-Gharbi, al-Msharrah, Hay al-Mua’alemeen al-Jadeed, al-Salam, al-Faka, al-Btaira, al-Teeb, al-Adil, al-Maymouna, al-Uzair and al-Kahlaa. Areas seriously threatened are villages west of the Tigris River (Hor Al-Musandak) along Ali al-Gharbi, Ali al-Sharqi and Qamit. 545 families are displaced with another 2000 families threatened with displacement. (WHO, 8 Apr 2019)

Recent flooding along the Tigris River has resulted in the displacement of 545 families in Maysan Governorate, with a further 2 000 families at risk following reported damage to a small number of IDP camps.. [IRCS] reports that heavy rain caused damage to more than 60 families after the villages of Huweder, Dawai, and Shafta (Diyala Governorate) were flooded. Food parcels have been distributed to at least 270 families affected in Salah al-Din Governorate. For the next five days, moderate to heavy rainfall is forecast over the south-eastern governorates of Iraq. (ECHO, 9 Apr 2019)

Elevated water levels in the Tigris River and its tributaries continue to cause flooding and displacement in several governorates. Salah al-Din in central Iraq and Missan in the south are currently those reporting the heaviest impact, with more limited effects reported in Basra, Diyala, Thi-Qar and Wassit. (OCHA, 18 Apr 2019)

Heavy seasonal rains in Iraq and neighbouring countries during March/April 2019 caused flooding in several governorates in Iraq. Salah al-Din in central Iraq and Basra and Missan in the south reported the heaviest impact, with thousands of families temporarily displaced, residing with relatives or in municipal buildings. Sulaymaniyah reported limited displacement, but substantial damage to infrastructure, and flooded agricultural areas. The flooding in the southern governorates was somewhat anticipated, as many of the affected families are residing in low-lying marshland areas, in non-compliance of local laws. These areas are subject to annual inundations during Iraq’s rainy season; however, the floods were heavier in 2019 than in years past. Most of the displaced have returned home, but several water treatment plants are offline throughout the country as a result of the floods, disrupting clean water supplies in some governorates. Relevant UN agencies and NGOs who work in the WASH sector responded where necessary with water trucking, provisions of chemicals for water treatment facilities, and sanitation services. The Government of Iraq and Kurdistan Regional Government acted as first responders, with some governorates requesting additional support from humanitarian partners. Assistance being provided includes cholera preparedness, water purification, and emergency medical assistance. (OCHA, 27 May 2019)

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Date: 23 Mar 2019
Status: Ongoing

Iran (Islamic Republic of): Iran: Floods - Mar 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000022-IRN
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Iran (Islamic Republic of)

The Golestan floods, caused by heavy rains starting on 19 March, have affected a total of 10 cities in northeast Iran (The cities of Gorgan, Bandar Turkman, Azad Shahr, Aq Ghala, Gonbad-e Kavus, bandar-e Gaz, Ali Abad, Kalaleh, Kordkuy, and Minodaasht). The government is currently investigating local reports on the lack of mitigation measures by the Water Authorities. The worst affected areas are in the cities of Aq Qala and Gonbad Kavous and their surrounding villages where large parts are submerged under water. As a safety measure power supply was cut off in several areas. Of the estimated 60,000 displaced, most stay with relatives in nearby villages. At least 10,000 people are provided emergency shelter assistance in stadiums, exhibition areas, schools and other large public facilities provided by IRCS...Other areas in west and south-west of Iran have been affected by heavy rains too. Namely, the Provinces of Lorestan, Kurdistan, Kermanshah, Khuzestan, Fars and Kohkilouyeh. As of 25 March, floods in Shiraz, Poldokhtar, Khoramabad, Doreh, Khoramshahr, Abadan, Aligoudarz and Saghez were also reported. In Shiraz flash floods killed at least 20, injured 94 and an unverified number of people are still missing. In the city of Dezful in Khuzestan, south-west of Iran, the emergency situation is declared. (OCHA, 26 Mar 2019)

Continued rainfall has caused floods in 586 cities and villages across Iran. Flood water has destroyed infrastructure, livestock, agriculture and livelihoods, with estimated damage USD 150,000 million, in Golestan and Mazandaran Provinces alone. The disaster struck in the middle of Nowruz, Iranian New Year holidays. National Metrological service predicts more rainfall for the coming week.By now, IRCS has reported 45 persons dead and at least 434 persons injured. The most affected areas are Golestan, Mazandaran, North Khorasan, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, Fars, Kermanshah, Khozestan, Semnan, Ilam and Hamedan. To date, IRCS has assisted 156,531 flood-affected persons and is provided temporary shelter for 50,732 people. (IFRC, 2 Apr 2019)

The death toll after heavy rains, floods and landslides that have been affecting northern, western and south-western parts of Iran continues to increase. As of 4 April at 8.00 UTC, 62 people are reported to have died and hundreds injured. Tens of thousands of displaced people are sheltering in the open and food and non-food items are urgently needed. Immediate assistance has been provided by UNICEF IRAN to the affected provinces Fars, Lorestan and Gorestan. 60 villages in Lorestan are under flood water, 78 intercity roads have been blocked, 2 199 rural roads and 84 bridges have been damaged. (ECHO, 4 Apr 2019)

Iranian authorities have reported 70 deaths as of Sunday resulting from flooding affecting several parts of the country. Mass evacuations have been ordered in the south-western province of Khuzestan affecting approximately 400 000 people. The Karkheh Dam, which is at near capacity, was opened to discharge excessive water build-up in an effort to prevent catastrophic failure. Local media is reporting that more than 12 000km of roads representing a third of the country’s network has been damaged. (ECHO, 7 Apr 2019)

As of 9 April at 8.00 UTC, 1 900 cities have been affected, with Lorestan, Khuzestan and Golestan the worst impacted provinces. 77 schools have been destroyed (55 in Lorestan and 22 in Golestan). There is a significant risk of additional flooding from Karkheh dam (Khuzestan Province). Six cities and 210 villages have been evacuated, 61 of which have been flooded. Heavy rain and thunderstorms are forecast in southern provinces, moderate rain in north-western provinces. (ECHO, 9 Apr 2019)

Appeals & Response Plans

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Date: 19 Mar 2019
Status: Ongoing

Indonesia: Indonesia: Floods and Landslides in Papua Province - Mar 2019

GLIDE number: FF-2019-000029-IDN
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Indonesia

Due to heavy rains since 16 March 2018 at 17:00hrs on the mountain, landslides hit the riverbed around Sentani causing flash floods with logs and sedimentary rocks that were channeled to the downstream. Nine villages in Sentani sub-district, Jayapura regency were affected. According to Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, the spoke person from the National Agency for Disaster Countermeasure or Badan Nasional Penganggulangan Bencana (BNPB), during eight hours of rains, the rainfall reached its extreme condition up to 235.1 mm/hour.

There is an indication that landslide occurred in Cyclop Mountain which is the upstream area. Cyclop mountain is one of the conservation mountains in Papua. According to the information provided by BNPB and Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysical Agency that was compiled and circulated via e-mail by UNOCHA; as well as information from PMI, on Sunday, 17 March 2019, the flash flood affected nine sub districts in Jayapura regency, and four sub-districts in Jayapura city.

Furthermore, according to the report:
• Around 11,725 households are affected where among those 77 people died, 43 people missing, 74 people injured, and 4,226 people displaced, who are scattered around various sites and evacuated to 6 different evacuation points.
• Approximately 350 houses were damaged; while the water also inundated six areas, including 1,450 houses in Gajah Mada, 1,000 in Jayapura, Kemiri dan Sentani, 200 district offices, and 200 in Doyo. • Water resource at Cyclop Mountain contaminated by mud and logs from the landslide.
The number of casualties is estimated to increase as the evacuation process is still continuing and not all the affected areas have been reached by the joint Search and Rescue (SAR) team, as they are covered by trees, rocks, muds and other flash floods materials. (IFRC, 20 Mar 2019)

According to media reports as of 2 April at 8.00 UTC, 112 people are dead and at least 90 are still reported missing after flooding and landslides in Sentani District (Jayapura Regency, Papua Province) in mid-March. The National Disaster Management Agency reports more than 11 000 people displaced in 28 sites, 375 buildings severely damaged and four bridges collapsed. (ECHO, 2 Apr 2019)

Date: 16 Mar 2019
Status: Past disaster

Mozambique: Tropical Cyclone Idai - Mar 2019

GLIDE number: TC-2019-000021-MOZ
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Land Slide, Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe


The central and northern region of Mozambique is being affected by heavy rains since 6 March 2019...The most affected provinces are Zambézia and Tete in the central region...At least 7 deaths reported, and 32,222 people were affected by the floods [and a]t least 4,242 people are displaced in Zambezia and Tete, sheltered in eight transit centers. (UN RC for Mozambique, 9 Mar 2019)

The National Institute of Meteorology (INAM) issued on 10 March 2019 an alert regarding the system formed in the Mozambique channel which evolved from Tropical Depression to Moderate Tropical Storm called IDAI... At least 10 deaths reported, and 62,975 people were affected by the floods [and a]t least 10,512 people are displaced in Zambezia, Tete and Niassa sheltered in 15 transit centers. At least 83,318 ha of crop area are flooded affecting 54,853 smallholder farmers. (UN RC for Mozambique, 10 Mar 2019)

On 11 March 2019, the Government convened the Coordinating Council of Disaster Management (CCGC[..]) chaired by the Prime-Minister to analyze the impact of the recent floods and the cyclone foreseen to make the landfall on 15 March 2019...Given the current and expected situation after the floods and cyclone, [INAM] estimated a total funding requirement of about US$ 18 million for food and non-food items that might be needed for the potential affected people. This funding estimate does not include the funds needed for emergency road work (estimated at US$ 13.9 million) to reset the road network which is 31% damaged in Zambézia and 50% damaged in Cabo Delgado. (UN RC for Mozambique, 12 Mar 2019)

Tropical Cyclone Idai made landfall during the night of 14 to 15 March 2019 near Beira City, Sofala Province, in central Mozambique. The cyclone brought torrential rains and winds to Sofala, Zambezia, Manica and Inhambane provinces...The UN and humanitarian partners in Mozambique have appealed for US$40.8 million to provide critical emergency relief to 400,000 people who are estimated to be affected by Tropical Cyclone Idai, based on projections of people living in the Cyclone’s path. (OCHA, 15 Mar 2019)

At least 84 people have died following Cyclone Idai’s landfall,..At least 267 classrooms and 24 health units have reportedly been affected in the provinces of Sofala, Manica, Zambezia and Inhambane, according to authorities. Many areas remain without power and almost every network has been damaged...Beira City has suffered extensive damage, according to reports from preliminary assessments and aerial overviews. The Beira Central Hospital emergency wing remains non-operational due to significant damage. However, other parts of the hospital – including the paediatric wing – have sustained less damage and are reportedly functioning...Outside of Beira, a dam collapsed on 17 March, reportedly causing extensive damage. People reportedly sought refuge on the tops of their roofs and trees as rising floodwaters swept through the area. Initial aerial surveys indicated significant loss of life, although exact numbers of people impacted are not yet known. (OCHA, 18 Mar 2019)

The Government of Mozambique has issued a Note Verbale formally requesting international assistance[.] At least 242 people have died and more than 1,400 have been injured in the aftermath of the Cyclone Idai...The death toll is expected to continue to rise in the days ahead. [M]ore than 2,800 classrooms and 39 health centres impacted by the cyclone and floods. More than 17,400 houses have been totally destroyed (11,025), partially destroyed (4,363) or flooded (2,056)...[M]ore than 385,300 hectares of crops have been damaged.

The official death toll rose...to some 468 deaths as of 26 March; with more than 1,500 people injured[.] As of 26 March, nearly 91,000 houses were identified as totally destroyed (50,619), partially destroyed (24,556) or flooded (15,784); an increase of nearly 19,000 since 25 March. The number of people accommodated in 154 sites across Sofala (114 sites), Manica (26 sites), Zambezia (10 sites) and Tete (4 sites) was nearly 128,000 people as of 26 March. The authorities have identified more than 7,400 vulnerable people across the IDP sites. (OCHA, 26 Mar 2019)

On 27 March, the Government confirmed five cases of cholera at the Munhava health centre in the city of Beira and some 2,500 cases of acute watery diarrhoea in Beira district. A humanitarian assessment team identified nearly 1,500 people unreached people in need of support in Matarara in Chimoio district. Food drops were carried out to provide immediate assistance and follow-up is ongoing. Nearly 136,000 people were accommodated in 161 sites across Sofala (119 sites), Manica (27 sites), Zambezia (11 sites) and Tete (4 sites) as of 27 March; an increase of more than 9,200 people from 26 March. (OCHA, 27 Mar 2019)

The official death toll as of 3 April stood at 598 and more than 1,600 people injured, according to the Government. At least 131,100 people were still sheltering in 136 sites across Manica (21); Sofala (107); Tete (5) and Zambezia (3) as of 3 April. The number of vulnerable people reported by the Government in the accommodation sites rose significantly by more than 20,000 people to 27,764 as of 3 April. The number of houses destroyed rose by more than 86,000 from 2 April. More than 198,300 houses have been totally destroyed (85,265), partially destroyed (97,276) or flooded (15,784), with more than 715,000 hectares of crops reportedly destroyed, according to the Government. (OCHA, 3 Apr 2019)

The number of internally displaced people living in accommodation centres decreased to 68,974 people across 67 sites in Manica (32); Sofala (27); Tete (5) and Zambezia (3), as of 18 April. (OCHA, 18 Apr 2019)

As of 29 April, nearly 150,000 houses had been recorded as destroyed or damaged in Sofala province alone as a result of Tropical Cyclone Idai, including 60,898 totally destroyed and 89,066 partially destroyed, according to the Government. Some 17,901 displaced people were sheltering in 18 accommodation centres in Sofala province as of 28 April, in Buzi (7), Beira (5), Nhamatanda (4) and Dondo (2). Humanitarian response in remote locations remained constrained by damaged and cut-off roads, including in Chissange (Dondo), Wirikizi, Honve and Nhamassinzira (Muanza) and Cheadea, Nhampoca and Macorococho (Nhamatanda). (OCHA, 29 April)

The number of displaced people sheltering in accommodation sites in Sofala province decreased to 21,384 people (4,639 families) as of 5 May. More than 286,000 people (57,222 families) have received shelter assistance. However, more shelter materials, including tents, are still needed. (OCHA, 6 May 2019)


Following its landfall in Mozambique on 14 March, Cyclone Idai continued across land as a Tropical Storm and hit eastern Zimbabwe with heavy rains and strong winds. The storm caused high winds and heavy precipitation in Chimanimani and Chipinge districts causing riverine and flash flooding and subsequent deaths, destruction of livelihoods and properties....At least 31 deaths have been reported and over 100 people are missing, according to preliminary information...At least 1,600 households (8,000 to 9,600 people) have been affected in Chimanimani, Chipinge, Nyanga and Mutare districts, Manicaland Province, as a result of flooding and landslides, according to initial information. Based on census data, 48 per cent of those affected are estimated to be children and 52 per cent are estimated to be women. In Tongogara Refugee Camp, nearly 300 people have been affected, with 49 houses damaged. Considerable damage to properties, livelihoods and infrastructure has also been reported in the districts in the storm’s path. (OCHA, 17 Mar 2019)

The flooding caused by the Tropical Cyclone Idai weather system since 15 March...continues to cause massive destruction, with heavy rains ongoing in Manicaland and Masvingo provinces of Zimbabwe. The hardest-hit district of Chimanimani remains inaccessible as heavy rains have damaged roads and main access bridges have been washed away. At least 82 deaths and over 200 injuries have been reported, mainly in Chimanimani, and 217 people are reportedly missing. Chimanimani mortuary is reportedly full. At least 923 homes have been destroyed in Chimanimani, Mutasa, Mutare, Chipinge, Buhera, Chikomba, Gutu and Bikita districts. In Chimanimani alone, eight bridges have been destroyed. In Buhera, the Marowanyati dam has overflowed and many families are displaced...Overall, more than 2,500 households (12,500 to 15,000 people) are estimated to be affected. (OCHA, 18 Mar 2019)

At least 181 deaths and 175 injuries have been reported and 330 people were reportedly missing in Zimbabwe as of 25 March...An estimated 270,000 people have been affected by flooding and are in need of humanitarian assistance in the seven districts—Chipinge, Chimanimani, Buhera, Bikita, Mutare, Gutu, and Chiredzi. The vast majority of people affected are in Chipinge (122,000) and Chimanimani (115,000) districts. (OCHA, 27 Mar 2019)

The humanitarian response to cyclone-affected districts in the eastern part of the country increased as all wards were accessible by road as of 24 April, although some only by 4X4 vehicles. Many clusters completed or were about to complete in-depth assessments in all affected districts, which afforded a more refined analysis of the needs and a tailored humanitarian response in the short term, and also contributed to the medium- to long-term recovery plan. (OCHA, 24 April 2019)


For the flooding situation in Malawi, see "Malawi: Floods - Jan 2019".

Appeals & Response Plans

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Date: 06 Mar 2019
Status: Ongoing

Philippines: Philippines: Drought - Mar 2019

GLIDE number: DR-2019-000113-PHL
Disaster type: Drought
Affected countries: Philippines

Recent PAGASA's climate monitoring and analyses indicate that the unusually warm sea surface temperatures (SSTs) in the central and eastern equatorial Pacific (CEEP) which started since November 2018 is expected to become a full-blown El Nino. During the past three months, rainfall analyses showed that impacts of below normal rainfall conditions in provinces of Western Mindanao and Ilocos Norte were already experienced and are expected to continue. Five municipalities in Cotabato Province (Region XII) were affected by dry spell November 2018 to 22 January 2019. (Govt. of Philippines, 5 Mar 2019)

Drought conditions are being reported in the MIMAROPA Region, Region IX, and Region XII, BARMM and Metro Manila, where ten provinces have declared a State of Calamity according to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC). While [PAGASA] declared a weak El Niño lasting until June, agricultural regions are suffering from its worsening effects, with the Department of Agriculture (DA) reporting damage to over 13,600 ha of agricultural crops, mostly rice (81 per cent) and corn (19 per cent). Agricultural losses are estimated at PhP1.33 billion (US$25.6 million) but could run higher as the DA verifies reports from regional offices. Over 16,000 farmers and fisherfolk are affected, and some local media are reporting that the drought conditions are also starting to affect livestock, with some farm animals dying due to the lack of grass or hay for foraging.

Mindanao is the most affected region, a major food producer where poverty levels are the highest in the country and farmers and fisherfolk are already vulnerable due to repeated armed conflict and natural hazards such as heavy rain and flooding. Since January, the NDRRMC reports that the central and western Mindanao provinces are experiencing below normal rainfall conditions which is predicted to continue. Close to 72,000 families (360,000 people) are affected in the five municipalities in North Cotabato alone, sixty per cent of which are located in Pikit. With the recommendation of the Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office, local authorities of North Cotabato have declared a State of Calamity. (OCHA, 29 Mar 2019)

Drought conditions have been reported in the MIMAROPA Region, Region IX, Region XII, BARMM and Metro Manila. As of 1 April, ten provinces have declared a State of Calamity because of the drought. More than 13,600 ha of agricultural crops, mostly rice and corn, have reportedly been affected with losses estimated at PhP1.33 billion (US$25.6 million). (OCHA, 1 Apr 2019)

Weak El Niño (dry spell) condition continues to affect and incur agricultural losses to farmers.Thirty-nine local government units have declared a state of calamity due to a dry spell. 164,000 farmers have been affected. (OCHA, 25 Apr 2019)

El Niño conditions persist in the tropical Pacific Ocean. Warmer than average sea surface temperature anomaly (SSTA) in the central and eastern equatorial Pacific of at least 0.5°C was observed, since the last quarter of 2018. Recent analyses from global climate models suggest that the on-going El Niño condition will likely to continue until the June-July-August 2019 season. As of 24 May 2019, more than one million people were affected in 9 regions. (Govt. of Philipplines, 24 May 2019)

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Date: 05 Mar 2019
Status: Ongoing

Afghanistan: Afghanistan: Flash Floods - Mar 2019

GLIDE number: FF-2019-000018-AFG
Disaster type: Flash Flood
Affected countries: Afghanistan

On 1 March, heavy rains struck Kandahar city, Zheri, Dand, Damand, Arghandab, Spinboldak, and Takhtapu Districts. In the last 30 hours, 97mm of rain fell in the affected areas. Flash floods triggered by the heavy rain have reportedly killed 20 people, including a number of children, when their homes collapsed or the vehicles they were traveling in were swept away. At least 10 people, including children, are still missing in Arghandab, Daman, Spin Boldak and Dand Districts. It is anticipated that up to 2,000 homes may have been damaged across all affected districts including Kandahar City. (OCHA, 2 Mar 2019)

As of 3 March, heavy rains have caused flooding in six provinces, Kandahar, Kunar, Zabul, Nimroz, Hirat and Farah. In Kandahar, more than 1,000 people stranded by the flood waters have been rescued by ANSF. Reports suggest that 85 per cent of Farah city has been flooded. (OCHA, 3 Mar 2019).

As of 4 March, eight provinces have been affected by heavy rains and flooding, according Government reports. More than 20 people are reported to have died as a result of the floods, including 13 people in Kandahar province. In excess of 1,600 houses have reportedly been damaged or destroyed, and there has been further damage water systems, agricultural land, schools, mosques and Government buildings. (OCHA, 4 Mar 2019).

As of 5 March, nine provinces have been affected by heavy rains and flooding, according Government reports. More than 40 people are known to have died, and hundreds of others have been injured or are missing. According to the Government, more than 2,500 houses have been damaged and over 1,300 destroyed. Flood affected people are in need of emergency shelter, warm clothing, food and hygiene kits. (OCHA, 5 Mar 2019)

In Kandahar province, some 21,200 people have been assessed requiring humanitarian assistance as a result of the floods. 25 people are known to have died and 40 people have been injured. According to joint assessments conducted by the government and humanitarian partners...in Kandahar and seven flood-affected districts, 1,340 houses have been damaged and a further 1,276 have been destroyed. (OCHA, 7 Mar 2019)

As of 10 March, 33,000 people in Kandahar province have been identified as requiring humanitarian assistance following floods that struck the province at the beginning of March. According to assessments conducted by the Government and humanitarian partners, 2,800 houses have been damaged and 1,850 houses destroyed. Assessments are still ongoing in affected areas that are difficult to access due to insecurity. Humanitarian partners have so far provided 673 flood-affected households with tents, NFIs including winter clothes, food assistance and hygiene kits. The Government has reportedly allocated 126 million Afghanis (US$1.7m) for assistance including shelter repairs, agricultural assistance and food. Since 2 March, there has also been extensive flooding in Hilmand, Herat and Farah provinces, and humanitarian partners are continuing to conduct assessments and provide assistance in these areas. (OCHA, 11 Mar 2019)

Heavy rainfall has being affecting central, southern and western Afghanistan over the past two weeks, triggering floods that have resulted in casualties and damage. The most affected provinces are Kandahar, Helmand, Farah, Herat and Badghis. According to ACAPS (Assessment Capacities Project), as of 13 March, the death toll stands at 70, more than 8,670 houses have been damaged and approximately 250,000 people have been affected. Infrastructure damage, rugged terrain and the ongoing rainfall are hindering the response. Insecurity throughout the country remains high and may restrict operations. Nevertheless, the humanitarian response is being put in place to assist those affected with emergency shelter, food, non-food items, winter clothes and emergency latrines. Over the next 72 hours, locally heavy rain and snowfall are forecast over Kabul area and north-eastern areas of the country. Moderate rainfall and snowfall are forecast over the central areas of the country. (ECHO, 14 Mar 2019)

As of 19 March, more than 122,600 people across 14 provinces have been identified as being affected by the March floods and in need of humanitarian assistance. As a result of the floods, 63 people are known to have died and a further 31 people have been injured. The highest number of affected people are in Farah, where almost 52,000 people are in need of humanitarian assistance. A further 32,750 people in Kandahar and 18,340 people in Hilmand also require assistance. (OCHA, 19 Mar 2019)

Heavy rains caused flash flooding on 27, 28 and 29 March in six provinces - Faryab, Balkh, Jawzjan, and Sar-e-Pul province in the Northern Region, and Hirat and Badghis in the Western Region. An estimated 17,000 people have been affected with Balkh and Hirat suffering the worst impacts. In Balkh, unconfirmed reports suggest several fatalities in Chemtal district, with up to 645 families (4,515 people) affected throughout the Province. In Hirat, Ministry of Health has reported that eight people died and nine were injured in six districts following flash flooding, while more than 1,000 families may have been affected. This new flooding adds to the impact of the overall flood emergency, with Farah and Kandahar the most effected to date. Since the beginning of 2019, more than 163,000 people have now been affected by floods, including those in the past week. A total of more than 42,000 people have been displaced. (OCHA, 2 Apr 2019)

After heavy rainfall that affected 22 out of the 34 Provinces of Afghanistan over the past few days, the death toll has risen to at least 16. According to media, as of 18 April at 8.00 UTC, in eastern Nangarhar Province, 11 people have died, six are injured and 266 houses were washed away, while in the western Province of Herat the death toll stands at five. (ECHO, 18 Apr 2019)

Unseasonal heavy rains and floods affected a number of regions of Afghanistan as well as Kabul, between 13 and 19 April. As of 22 April, 1,700 people have been affected with 16 people killed, 112 injured, and 250 houses damaged or destroyed due to flash floods. The floods have also damaged crops and infrastructure, including roads. (OCHA, 22 Apr 2019)

Afghan Red Crescent Society (ARCS) teams carried out rapid needs assessments of flood-affected areas on 1-9 March, and 10-14 April which showed mass destruction of houses and shelters, loss of lives, public facilities, mosques and displacements of people from their homes and IDPs camps due to the floods. It is anticipated that more rains shall fall in the coming months with little resources on the ground to respond to the needs of people in different provinces. The resilience of people in most of the provinces is already weak because of earlier protracted drought. There is a huge need in emergency shelter on the ground. Besides, there is continuous population movement from the rural villages to safer places with available humanitarian assistance and better basic services. (IFRC, 10 May 2019)

Heavy rainfall in recent days has triggered flash floods in a number of areas with Kabul, Parwan, Ghour, Herat, Bamyan and Ghazni most affected. According to media reports, as of 27 May at 8.00 UTC, 24 people have died, 11 are injured and 550 affected. 220 houses have been destroyed and 116 partially damaged. Over the past 24 hours, light to moderate rain is forecast in the northern part of the country. (ECHO, 27 May 2019)

Heavy rain affected several parts of Afghanistan over the past week, causing flash floods and triggering landslides. According to media reports, as of 11 June at 8.00 UTC, three people died and several houses have been destroyed after flash floods in Afghanistan. (ECHO, 11 Jun 2019)

Date: 01 Mar 2019
Status: Ongoing

Bolivia (Plurinational State of): Bolivia: Floods - Feb 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000032-BOL
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

The rains that have been falling since the beginning of the year, influenced by the El Niño phenomenon, have affected different regions in Bolivia. Overflowing rivers and floods have been reported in Alto Beni, Palos Blancos, Guanay, Rurrenabaque, Riberalta, Villa Montes, Cutaiqui, San Borja and San Buenaventura. The Bolivian Government declared a national emergency on 27 February, and on 10 April declared an emergency for the departments of Potosí, La Paz, Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz and Cochabamba.

According to Ministry of Defence reports, 79 municipalities (of 338 in the country) are under a state of disaster and 25 are under a state of emergency as of April 8. A total of 47,125 families suffered partial loss of assets, 23,683 families have been left homeless, 34 people were reported dead and 26 people are missing. Major damages include loss of crops, housing and other assets. (IFRC, 15 Apr 2019)

Date: 27 Feb 2019
Status: Past disaster