Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

25 de abril de 2017
Erasmus Mundus Master in Public Health in Disasters


Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

Desastres activos

Rwanda: Rwanda: Severe Local Storm - Apr 2017

GLIDE number: ST-2017-000035-RWA
Disaster type: Severe Local Storm
Affected countries: Rwanda

On 1st April 2017 at 3:00 pm, Gatsibo district located in the Eastern Province of Rwanda experienced heavy rainfall associated with heavy storms which, resulted in destruction of houses and community farm lands in Kiramuruzi Sector Nyabisindu Cell. The affected area is located 36 kilometers from Gatsibo District, 40 kilometers from the Eastern Province office and 70 kilometers from the City of Kigali.

According to preliminary assessment conducted by Rwanda Red Cross staff and volunteers, an estimated 675 people (135 households) have been affected by heavy wind and storms that caused four people to be injured. The affected families are currently accommodated in the nearby communities after their houses were damaged and household materials and shelters destroyed. The affected population were left without basic needs such as food and cloth. Household beddings were also destroyed, creating the need for distribution of blankets, sleeping mats and other Non Food items (NFIs). It has been reported that an estimated 14 hectares of mixed crops were destroyed. As a result, a lack of access to foodstuffs presents a situation that may result in short term food insecurity, especially for children under-five, lactating mothers and elderly people. Other damaged infrastructure includes, latrines and other sanitation facilities. This will increase the risk of diseases outbreak, particularly during the current rainfall season. (IFRC, 12 Apr 2017)

Date: 01 Apr 2017
Status: Ongoing

Colombia: Colombia: Mudslides - Mar 2017

GLIDE number: MS-2017-000033-COL
Disaster type: Flood, Mud Slide
Affected countries: Colombia

On the night of 31 March 2017, increased rainfall caused the Mocoa, Sangoyaco and Mulata Rivers to overflow, which in turn generated a mudslide in the municipality of Mocoa, capital of the department of Putumayo. UNGRD reported that the affected area received 33 per cent of its monthly total of rainfall (130 mm of the 400-mm monthly average) on the night of the disaster. Per reports, 273 people perished and 262 are injured; injured residents have been treated, and the most serious cases have been transferred to medical centres in Neiva, Popayan and Bogota. There have been 399 Restoration of Family Links (RFL) requests, 25 homes have been destroyed and more than 300 families have been affected. According to the latest official report from the UNGRD-coordinated national crisis room, 17 neighbourhoods were affected (29 blocks), with the greatest devastation seen in the districts of San Fernando, San Miguel, Independencia, Chaparros, San Agustín, Naranjito, Pablo VI, Avenida 17 de Julio, Miraflores and Progreso; the hospital network has collapsed, and 85 per cent of the department was left without electricity, which has since been partially restored. Three aqueducts and the sewage system are affected, 10 roads are damaged, 2 bridges collapsed and 5 are being rehabilitated...Following an extraordinary meeting of the Cabinet at Nariño House, the Colombian government has assessed the catastrophe and the need to provide humanitarian assistance to the affected people and infrastructure investments to rebuild Mocoa and decided to declare an economic and social emergency. (IFRC, 7 Apr 2017)

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Date: 31 Mar 2017
Status: Ongoing

Niger: Niger: Meningitis Outbreak - Mar 2017

GLIDE number: EP-2017-000037-NER
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Niger

On 29 March, the Government of Niger declared a meningitis epidemic in three health centers of the Niamey II health district. Six health districts are in alert in the regions of Tillabéry, Dosso and Tahoua. To date, 921 cases including 55 deaths have been recorded in the country compared to almost 1,300 cases and 89 deaths at the same period last year. Health authorities, in partnership with humanitarian actors, are preparing vaccination campaigns. (OCHA, 5 Apr 2017)

[T]he Ministry of Health launched a vaccination campaign on 06 April 2017, exclusively in the three affected districts of Niamey. The vaccination program is targeting people aged 2 to 20 years old, about 10,200 people for the first phase. Currently, the country has only 133,000 doses of vaccines. This limited supply prompted the Minister of Health to start vaccination in Niamey.  (IFRC, 21 Apr 2017)

Date: 29 Mar 2017
Status: Ongoing

Nigeria: Nigeria: Meningitis Outbreak - Mar 2017

GLIDE number: EP-2017-000030-NGA
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Nigeria

As of 19 March 2017, a total of 1,407 suspected cases of meningitis and 211 deaths have been reported from 40 local government areas in five states of Nigeria since December 2016. Zamfara, Katsina and Sokoto account for 89% of these cases. (WHO, 24 Mar 2017)

As at April 3, 2017, a total of 2,997 suspected cases of CSM have been reported in 16 States in Nigeria, of which 146 have been laboratory-confirmed. Unfortunately, 336 deaths have also been recorded...A total of 500,000 doses of Meningitis C vaccines have been distributed to some of the affected States for immediate outbreak response vaccination. An additional 823,970 doses of Meningitis C vaccines are expected from the UK to support vaccination activities in other affected States. The Emergency Operations Centre will support State-wide vaccination campaign which starts in Zamfara State on Wednesday the 5th of April, 2017. (Govt, 4 Apr 2017)

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Date: 24 Mar 2017
Status: Ongoing

Central African Republic: Central African Republic: Severe Local Storm - Mar 2017

GLIDE number: VW-2017-000029-CAF
Disaster type: Severe Local Storm
Affected countries: Central African Republic

Since January 2017, the Central African Republic has been experiencing series of violent winds. The cities of Mbaïki, Ndolobo, Ndjoh, Lambi and Bossembelé centers located respectively 107 km, 125 km and 157 km from Bangui, faced since 16 March 2017, violent winds following heavy rains, causing major damage.

The 75 volunteers from local branches of the Red Cross, including 25 from Mbaiki, 15 from Ndolobo, 10 from Lambi, 5 from Ndjoh and 20 from Bossembelé, went to the affected neighborhoods and began to assess the situation, provided first aid to the wounded, evacuated the wounded to the hospital and helped resettle the most vulnerable with host families.

The 445 most vulnerable families were identified by the Red Cross. Specific needs include emergency shelter, access to drinking water and sanitation. Failure to meet these emergency needs will result in a rapid deterioration of living conditions for these vulnerable families, including increased morbidity and mortality from infectious disease and exposure to weather.

Additional necessities such as blankets, mats, mosquito nets, tarpaulins, kitchen kits, toilet kits, soaps, buckets, jerry cans, lamps, etc., will help improve the living conditions of these people. Weather forecasts continue to indicate additional flooding is likely in the Central African Republic, which could aggravate the situation of these already vulnerable populations if nothing is done. (IFRC, 3 Apr 2017)

Date: 16 Mar 2017
Status: Ongoing

Burundi: Burundi: Malaria Outbreak - Mar 2017

GLIDE number: EP-2017-000034-BDI
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Burundi

Burundi is facing a major malaria outbreak which was officially declared by the MoH on 13 March 2017. The North and North health districts are the ones more affected by this outbreak. According to the MoH, the cumulative number of malaria cases reported during the first 10 weeks of 2017 is 1,960,620 with 869 deaths (MoH, 23 March 2017), this is higher than the same period in 2016 (1,804,258 cases and 841 deaths). (UNICEF, 31 Mar 2017)

Date: 13 Mar 2017
Status: Ongoing

Madagascar: Tropical Cyclone Enawo - Mar 2017

GLIDE number: TC-2017-000023-MDG
Disaster type: Flood, Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Madagascar

On March 8, Enawo weakened from an “intense” to a “moderate” tropical storm...The northeastern Sava region has sustained significant damage to housing and agriculture. Antalaha port is inaccessible and more than half of the city’s homes have been destroyed...Farahalana commune is flooded by Lohoko River, with half of all housing under water....[I]n the Analanjirofo region,...more than 10,000 people are displaced. (Govt/UN HCT, 9 Mar 2017)

As at 12 March, the National Office for the Management of Risks and Crises (BNGRC) reported 295,950 people to have been affected by the cyclone, including 84,660 who remain displaced. The number of deaths due to the storm has risen to 50 with 20 people missing and 195 injured. These figures are based on information received to date and may continue to change as more areas previously inaccessible are able to be reached...The initial technical evaluation of the assessment conducted by the BNGRC and participating agencies suggests that humanitarian activities should be prioritized in Maroantsetra, where approximately 40 per cent of the population has been displaced by flooding; in Antalaha, where the cyclone made landfall and where significant damage due to high winds as well as the rain-fed rapid rise in water levels; and in the capital, Antananarivo, where 27,104 people have been displaced by flooding and flood waters have in the past proven to persist longer than in other areas. (Govt/UN HCT, 12 Mar 2017)

On 12 March, IFRC launched a preliminary Emergency Appeal seeking CHF 892,325 to support the Malagasy Red Cross Society (MRCS) in delivering assistance and support to 25,000 people affected by the Cyclone. (IFRC, 12 Mar 2017)

As of 13 March, at least 100,000 people have been directly affected by the cyclone, approximately half of whom are in Antalaha district. At least 50 people have been killed, and 183 wounded, mainly in Analanjirofo and Sava regions. Over 110,000 people have been displaced by flooding and storm waters, particularly in Antalaha and Maroantsetra districts. (ACAPS, 13 Mar 2017)

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Date: 03 Mar 2017
Status: Ongoing

Philippines: Philippines: Earthquakes - Feb 2017

GLIDE number: EQ-2017-000016-PHL
Disaster type: Earthquake
Affected countries: Philippines

At 10:03 p.m. on 10 February 2017, a 6.7-magnitude earthquake with a depth of ten kilometres and an epicenter located near Surigao City caused loss of lives and damage to properties in the Caraga region, particularly in Surigao del Norte province. The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology reported no tsunami threat but they predict aftershocks will continue for several weeks. A Red Alert status has been raised by Caraga Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council Operation Center. Surigao City declared state of calamity. (OCHA, 15 Feb 2017)

Based on updates issued by the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), eight people lost their lives as a result of the earthquake, with 202 injured. The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) has reported that 3,331 families (16,655 people) have been displaced and are currently staying in open areas near their homes, in tents or with host families. Many residents, including those whose houses were not damaged, are apprehensive about returning to their homes because of aftershocks. (IFRC, 16 Feb 2017)

As of 24 February, a total of 6,472 families, or 32,360 persons, were affected in 82 barangays in the province of Surigao del Norte. A total of 6,398 houses in Surigao del Norte were damaged, including 518 that were totally damaged. (Govt. Philippines, 24 Feb 2017)

As of 2 March, over 7,800 people remain displaced by the earthquake. Most of them are staying in open areas near their homes, or with relatives or friends. There were eight reported deaths, three of which were children and two senior citizens, and 202 injuries. Over 7,200 houses are reported to be damaged, of which 518 were destroyed. About 81 per cent of the damage is located in Surigao City and the neighboring town of San Francisco. (OCHA, 2 Mar 2017)

On 5 March, a 5.9 magnitude tremor struck at a depth of 13 km near San Francisco municipality (population 14,500 people), Surigao del Norte province. One death was reported and local authorities are assessing the situation. This was reported as an aftershock of the 6.7 magnitude earthquake which struck Surigao del Norte on 10 February. As of 3 March, more than 7,800 people remain displaced following the larger earthquake, with most staying in open areas near their homes or with relatives or friends. (OCHA, 6 Mar 2017)

As of 11 March, the earthquakes had affected a total of 10,691 families, or 53,455 people, in 82 barangays in the Province of Surigao del Norte. Eight people were reported dead and 249 people sustained injuries due to the initial 6.7-magnitude earthquake as well as the 5 March earthquake. (Govt. Philippines, 11 Mar 2017)

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Date: 10 Feb 2017
Status: Ongoing

Guinea: Guinea: Measles Outbreak - Feb 2017

GLIDE number: EP-2017-000022-GIN
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Guinea

During the period 2014-2016, the country’s health system underwent Ebola Virus Disease outbreak with disruptive effect on health services along with degrading confidence in health services.

Being nearly overwhelmed by the EVD outbreak the responses, healthcare workers could hardly follow-up and implement surveillance, prevention and management activities for other diseases. The failure to give attention to the diseases resulted into increased upsurge of vaccine-preventable diseases outstandingly the measles. As a comparison, in 2014, the country experienced a measles outbreak which affected 25 health districts.

Surveillance of the disease shows that since early 2016, despite interventions (conduct of in-depth investigations and management of cases, response organization in the health Districts, enhanced surveillance, providing health Districts with vaccines and supplies, community awareness in measles), the confirmed cases were continuously reported in several health districts. In 2017, 408 suspected measles cases reported with 122 confirmed. The following prefectures are affected: Nzérékoré, Gueckedou, Matoto, Ratoma, Fria, Dubreka, Kindia, Coyah, Kaloum, Dixinn, Forécariah and Matam. The Prefectures of Siguiri, Labé and Boké are on alert. (IFRC, 24 Feb 2017)

On 25 February, the measles epidemic was been declared in 14 of the 38 health districts in Guinea. 13 districts have been put on alert. (Gov't of Guinea, 25 Feb 2017)

On 7 April, MSF launched a large-scale measles vaccination campaign in Conakry, together with the Guinean Ministry of Health. Since the beginning of 2017, there have been 3468 confirmed cases and 14 deaths dues to measles in Guinea. Conakry and Nzérékoré are the most affected districts. (MSF, 7 Apr 2017)

Date: 08 Feb 2017
Status: Ongoing

Afghanistan: Afghanistan: Avalanches and Floods - Jan 2017

GLIDE number: AV-2017-000013-AFG
Disaster type: Cold Wave, Flood, Snow Avalanche
Affected countries: Afghanistan

On 25 January, heavy snowfall and freezing weather has killed 27 children in a remote district of northern Afghanistan. (RFE, 26 Jan 2017)

A large number of avalanche, snowfall and rain-related disasters were reported around Afghanistan between 4-7 February, with 22 out of 34 provinces reported to have been affected. Provinces with casualties and significant damage to homes and livelihoods included Badakhshan (several districts), Balkh (Chimtal), Faryab (Pashtun Kot, Kohistanat), Samangan (Darisuf Bala), Sar-i-Pul (Sozmaqala, Sayad and Balkhab), Hirat (Adraksan), Badghis (Nahya Four and Ab Kamari), Nangarhar (several districts), Paktia (several districts), Khost (several districts), Helmand (Lashkar Gah), Kandahar (Kandahar City), Bamiyan, Daykundi, Parwan and Kapisa (all several districts). (OCHA, 8 Feb 2017)

Badakhshan and Nooristan provinces were severely hit by two avalanches, resulting in causalities and destruction of houses followed by flash floods on 18 February that had significantly impacted in Herat, Zabul and Nimroz provinces. An estimated 6,752 families were reportedly affected across Afghanistan, with 194 deaths, and 90 persons sustaining injuries in various parts of the country. The majority of the reported caseloads have been assessed, with a total 2,010 families in need of assistance, while the distribution of relief items is underway and expected to be completed by 02 March 2017. (IOM, 25 Feb 2017)

As of 23 February, several homes had been destroyed or swept away by flood waters, and over 20,000 hectares of arable land had been submerged in flood water. An estimated 3,000 people have been affected and displaced by flooding in both Chakhansur and Khashrod districts. Affected populations are in dire need of humanitarian assistance. Some of the affected were already vulnerable prior to the flooding. Many were either internally displaced or returnees from Iran. Access to families affected in Chakhansur district is currently difficult due to high flood waters that have prevented access by road to affected people (ACAPS, 2 Mar 2017)

Date: 25 Jan 2017
Status: Ongoing

Algeria: Algeria: Cold Wave - Jan 2017

GLIDE number: CL-2017-000011-DZA
Disaster type: Cold Wave
Affected countries: Algeria

Algeria has been suffering from a cold wave that began on 16 January 2017. The falling snow and cold weather in Algeria has affected the Eastern, Central and the high plateau regions. The snow has cut off numerous communities and villages, particularly in the mountainous areas, causing losses to livelihoods due to isolation, power cuts and material damages to the residents of these areas. Dwellings have been damaged by the heavy snowfall, especially the tents used by nomadic population. Initial assessments carried out by the ARCS indicate that up to 25,000 families have been affected by the adverse weather conditions to various degrees. To cope with the situation substantial Government and military resources have been deployed. (IFRC, 27 Jan 2017)

Date: 16 Jan 2017
Status: Past disaster

Philippines: Philippines: Floods and Landslides - Jan 2017

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000010-PHL
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Philippines

As of 20 January, over 63,000 people remain displaced due to flash floods in northern Mindanao and the Visayas from 16 January, with an estimated 48,000 people inside 115 evacuation centres. (OCHA, 23 Jan 2017)

According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), the combined effects of the rains that have lashed starting mid-January resulted in at least nine deaths, injured 10 people, damaged homes and swept away livelihoods, mainly in CARAGA, Davao and Northern Mindanao regions. More than 320,000 households (1.5 million people) have been affected, with at least 1,300 houses damaged. The authorities pre-emptively evacuated over 17,000 households (85,000 people), with 53,200 people still remaining in evacuation centres or staying with host families. Parts of Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Compostela Valley, Davao Oriental, Lanao del Sur and Maguindanao provinces have been declared under the state of calamity. Initial estimates indicated that the cost of damage caused to agriculture alone is more than PHP 126 million (CHF 2.5 million). (IFRC, 3 Feb 2017)

In January 2017, a total of 77,704 families (approximately 387,138 persons) were displaced in Mindanao due to several days of massive flooding caused by heavy and continuous rain. Most of the displaced -- 328,111 persons -- were able to return to their homes as of mid-February. (Protection Cluster, 15 Feb 2017)

As of 19 February, over 30,700 people remained displaced in northeastern Mindanao (Caraga region) by flooding triggered by a series of weather systems since 8 January. At least 2,100 people are in 18 shelters, while most are staying with relatives and friends. Local authorities and NGOs, with support from the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) are providing food and other relief items. (OCHA, 20 Feb 2017)

As of 25 February, more than 30,000 people remain displaced by flooding in northeastern Mindanao, with most staying with relatives or friends. Surigao del Norte, which was also affected by the 10 February earthquake, still has 1,150 people displaced by flooding that are staying in evacuation centres. Local disaster management authorities continue to monitor the situation and provide assistance to those displaced. (OCHA, 27 Feb 2017)

Flooding in low-lying areas in Mindanao is a yearly occurrence, particularly during monsoon season. But from January to February this year, the effects of a low pressure area and the tail-end of a cold front brought unusually heavy rain and flooding in different parts of Mindanao and Visayas. Over 280,000 people have been affected all over Mindanao. As of 2 March, over 29,000 people are still displaced in Caraga region. (OCHA, 2 March 2017)

As of 12 March, over 11,000 people in Lamitan City (Basilan province) and Tambulig municipality (Zamboanga del Sur province) are displaced by flooding. Two deaths in the provinces of Misamis Occidental and Sarangani and one missing person in Maguindanao province were also reported. The floods damaged 127 houses, mostly in Lamitan City. Local disaster management authorities, with support from the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao Humanitarian Emergency Action Response Team and the Philippine Red Cross, are providing relief items to those affected in Basilan. (OCHA, 13 March 2017)

Date: 16 Jan 2017
Status: Past disaster

Morocco: Morocco: Cold Wave - Jan 2017

GLIDE number: CW-2017-000008- MAR
Disaster type: Cold Wave
Affected countries: Morocco

From mid-January, a cold wave has moved across Morocco affecting most cities. Temperatures have fallen rapidly, reach as low as -13 degrees Celsius in high altitude areas, and between -2 and 0 degrees Celsius in the interior of the country. Regions in the east, north and south have been particularly affected. These low temperatures were due to a mass flow of polar air from the Arctic to Eastern Europe and North Africa. The national services of meteorology directorate have confirmed that intense cold conditions are set to continue.

Under royal instructions, and in response to the intense cold spell, the Ministry of the Interior and all external services and military services have launched a special programme of solidarity for the population groups heavily affected by the cold wave, especially mountainous, remote areas and enclosed douars (village communities). This aid programme has already been launched in some heavily affected areas, with some families having already received blankets and food and appropriate equipment for the winter.

This wave of freezing conditions and snow has also caused economic losses and livelihoods due to the isolation of several areas. In addition, traffic paralyzed as well by cutting roads reduced supplies to certain remote communities ... As part of the coordination with the Ministry of the Interior, Moroccan Red Crescent was commissioned to intervene in three regions to help 2,000 families (10,000 beneficiaries) to provide food and relief non-food items. These regions are: Oriental, Tangier-Tetouan and Fes-Taza. (IFRC, 26 Jan 2017)

Date: 15 Jan 2017
Status: Past disaster

Brazil: Brazil: Yellow Fever Outbreak - Jan 2017

GLIDE number: EP-2017-000026-BRA
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Colombia, Peru

On 24 January 2017, the National Liaison Centre for the International Health Regulations of Brazil (RSI for its acronym in Portuguese), which is an extension of WHO, provided updated information to PAHO/WHO on the country's yellow fever situation; the information that was provided showed that the geographic distribution of confirmed cases is expanding and that it not only includes the state of Minas Gerais, but also the states of Espírito Santo, São Paulo, and Rio Grande do Norte. In addition, cases are being investigated in the states of Bahía, Goias and Tocantis.

According to epidemiological report number 29 from Brazil's Ministry of Health, 1,431 suspected cases of yellow fever have been reported 1 December, 2016 to 10 March 2017; of these cases 379 (26.50 per cent) were confirmed, 125 (8.73 per cent) were ruled out and 927 (64.77 per cent) are still under investigation.

The total number of suspected and confirmed cases is the highest that has been registered in the country since 2000 according to the WHO, and the vector poses a risk of spreading the disease to other parts of Brazil and other neighbouring countries in South America. (IFRC, 21 Mar 2017)

As of 12 April 2017, there were 2,422 cases of yellow fever reported (623 confirmed, 1,128 discarded, and 671 suspected under investigation), including 326 deaths (209 confirmed, 53 discarded, and 64 under investigation). The case fatality rate (CFR) is 34% among confirmed cases. (WHO/PAHO, 17 Apr 2017)

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Date: 13 Jan 2017
Status: Ongoing

Pakistan: Pakistan: Floods and Heavy Snowfalls - Jan 2017

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000017-PAK
Disaster type: Cold Wave, Flood, Severe Local Storm, Snow Avalanche
Affected countries: Pakistan

Continuous heavy rains and record-breaking snow fall have caused widespread flooding across three districts in Balochistan, from 17 to 22 January 2017. The government declared an emergency in the most impacted districts and demanded assistance for roughly 60,000 affected people in the province. On 30 January, the government made an official request to the Pakistan Red Crescent Society, asking for support for 6,000 families. Authorities reported 13 deaths and 650 people injured. (IFRC, 08 Feb 2017)

Two separate incidents -- an avalanche and a landslide -- occurred overnight on 17 February in Chitral district, killing eight people and causing additional injuries. (ECHO, 20 Feb 2017)

Date: 13 Jan 2017
Status: Past disaster

Zimbabwe: Southern Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Jan 2017

GLIDE number: IN-2017-000019-ZMB
Disaster type: Insect Infestation
Affected countries: Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Reports from the Zambia Disaster Management and Mitigation Unit indicate that as of 9 January 2017, close to 130,000 ha planted to maize had been affected by a severe outbreak of the Fall Armyworm, which is new to the southern African region. Of the affected area, over 68,000 ha may require re-planting. Government efforts to control the outbreak are underway...With 94% of the country’s districts affected in varying degrees, including several districts bordering Zambia’s eight neighbours in the SADC region, vigilant region-wide monitoring activities are required. (SADC, 13 Jan 2017)

A fall armyworm outbreak, the first emergence of the pest in southern Africa, is causing considerable crop damage in some countries. If the pest damage aggravates, it could dampen prospects for good crop harvests that is anticipated in the current farming season. Maize, a staple food in the region, has been the most affected, as well as other cereals including sorghum, millet and wheat. Southern Africa is reeling from the effects of two consecutive years of El Niño-induced drought that affected over 40 million people, reduced food availability by 15 percent and caused a cereal deficit of 9 million tonnes. (FAO, 3 Feb 2017)

Sixteen East and Southern African countries agreed on 16 February on urgent plans of action aimed at boosting the region’s capacity to manage emerging crop pests and livestock diseases, including armyworm and avian influenza ... Zambia has reported that almost 90 000 hectares of maize have been affected, forcing farmers to replant their crops. In Malawi some 17 000 hectares have so far been affected while in Namibia, approximately 50 000 hectares of maize and millet has been damaged and in Zimbabwe up to 130 000 hectares could be affected thus far. (FAO, 16 Feb 2017)

Date: 09 Jan 2017
Status: Alert

the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: FYR Macedonia: Cold Wave - Jan 2017

GLIDE number: CW-2017-000007-MKD
Disaster type: Cold Wave
Affected countries: the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

In the afternoon of 5 January 2016, the western and north-eastern parts of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia were hit by a heavy snowstorm. In the evening, the temperatures decreased to 25 Celsius degrees below zero. The mountain passes through Gostivar, Kicevo, Kriva Palanka – Kustendil put a ban on the movement of heavy vehicles, while motor vehicles were moving in difficult conditions due to the icy road conditions.

Specialized vehicles have been working on cleaning the roads from the snow. Many villages were cut off by high snowdrifts and the blocked roads in the regions of Skopje, Bitola, Kriva Palanka, Debar, Makedonski Brod, Gostivar, Kumanovo, Kichevo, Struga Ohrid and Stip. The Red Cross of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia assisted 255 vulnerable families in these regions. As a result of the cold and freezing temperatures, three people have been reported as dead in Skopje, Strumica and Pehcevo. (IFRC, 24 Jan 2017)

Date: 05 Jan 2017
Status: Past disaster

Belarus: Belarus: Cold Wave - Jan 2017

GLIDE number: CW-2017-000005-BLR
Disaster type: Cold Wave
Affected countries: Belarus

A sharp cold snap (Cyclone Axel) hit Belarus on 5 January 2017, with heavy snowfalls accompanied by frost and strong winds. Temperatures dropped down to 25‐29 degrees Celsius below zero, and in some places even to minus 31‐34 Celsius degrees. The country's meteorological service issued an orange weather warning. Invasion of cold arctic air masses from the north of European Russia followed on 6 January.

Many Belarusian citizens, especially homeless, were unprepared for severe frosts and snowfalls. Within one night, snow layers reached up to 18‐22 cm. Snow caused a large number of road accidents, including those with intercity buses, leaving the drivers and travellers stranded for hours on highways. In addition, the wind was 19‐22 meters per second according to the Belarusian hydro‐ meteorological centre. According to the data reported on 11 January 2017, it is estimated that 539 people (including 31 children) were traumatized and 10 died of hypothermia. (IFRC, 24 Jan 2017)

Date: 05 Jan 2017
Status: Past disaster

Mozambique: Southern Africa: Floods - Jan 2017

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000012-MOZ
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Angola, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

Since the beginning of January 2017, heavy seasonal rainfall has been affecting Southern Africa.

In Mozambique, 44 people have died and 79,000 have been affected mainly in the central and southern provinces in January. The Mozambican authorities issued an orange alert for the provinces of Maputo, Gaza, Inhambane and Nampula, yet areas of Tete and Sofala provinces have also been affected. The orange alert means that government institutions are planning for an impending disaster. Continued rainfall has been forecast for the first quarter of 2017. Rains are expected to continue, which will increase the number of people affected. The risk of vector- and water-borne diseases is particularly high, as both cholera and malaria are endemic and outbreaks recurring. (ACAPS, 26 Jan 2017)

In Malawi, due to La Niña weather phenomenon since the onset of the rainy season, many districts have received normal to above normal rainfall triggering flash floods in some of the districts. Between 4 and 10 February, heavy rain caused the worst flooding in Salima District in four Traditional Authorities of Ndindi, Pemba, Kambwiri and Maganga. A total of 35,304 people have been affected. 7,216 people have been displaced and are homeless and are dwelling in school blocks. (Act Alliance, 15 Feb 2017)

On 15 February, Tropical Cyclone Dineo made landfall near Inhambane, Southern Mozambique. Shortly after, the storm evolved from severe tropical storm to Category III Tropical Cyclone and was reclassified as Ex-Dineo. The initial report indicated 3 deaths and 4 injured, damaged Infrastructure (electricity, and roads) as a result of the storm in the affected areas. The National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC) projects that urban flooding in small villages and cities may affect 200,000 people over the next 7 days and the following river basins would be at risk of flooding. (IFRC, 18 Feb 2017)

Despite the fact that cyclone Dineo has been downgraded as tropical depression ex-Dineo as it moved over land, it still caused heavy rainfall over 100 mm/24 hours, and strong winds in several parts of Zimbabwe. The National Disaster Response Agency issued the warning signal for 13 districts in 5 provinces – Matabeleland South, Matabeleland North, Midlands, Masvingo, and Manicaland. Communities located along the Limpopo basin and Middle Sabi valley on the Southern Part are at highest risk.The tropical depression resulted in damages to houses and public buildings, infrastructure, including roads, dams and electricity. It is also threatening that as the rains continue in the areas it might cause localized floods and inundations of agricultural land affecting production and livelihoods. (IFRC, 22 Feb 2017)

Between 18 and 23 February 2017, Botswana was hit by the tropical depression, ex-Dineo which caused significant flooding across the country. As a result of inundations, bridges have collapsed, roads have been closed, and health facilities have been flooded. The Government has closed schools in some districts to reduce the risk of children drowning, however in some districts children must still travel long distances to school in sometimes hazardous flood conditions. (IFRC, 11 Mar 2017)

In Namibia some 23,581 learners from schools in Omusati Region are currently idling at home as a precautionary measure taken by 67 schools that have been flooded by the incessant heavy rains that have deluged the north of Namibia in recent weeks. Apart from Omusati Region, schools in Ohangwena are also flooded with rainwater gushing into a number of classrooms. (New Era, 10 Mar 2017)

Heavy rain has been affecting Angola over the past days, especially the north-western provinces, causing floods. Local media reported, as of 24 March at 7.00 UTC, 11 deaths in the province of Luanda, several missing people, 700 houses destroyed and at least 5 300 houses flooded. (ECHO, 24 Mar 2017)

Date: 01 Jan 2017
Status: Ongoing

Thailand: Thailand: Floods - Dec 2016

GLIDE number: FL-2017-000004-THA
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Thailand

Continuous heavy rains caused widespread flooding across 11 provinces in southern Thailand. As of 9 January, over 330,300 households were affected and authorities reported 21 deaths. The Government upgraded the disaster management response level to 3 (large scale disaster) and established disaster command centres in Surat Thani and Songkla to coordinate the national response. With rains forecast to continue until 10 January, a public warning on potential landslides was issued. The UN Resident Coordinator has issued a letter to the Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation (DDPM) offering support. (OCHA, 9 Jan 2017)

The flood death toll in the South reached 91 on 28 January 2017. Four people remain missing, according to the Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation (DDPM). The deaths and missing persons were reported across 12 provinces, said Chatchai Promlert, DDPM director-general. These areas have been plagued by flooding since 1 December. About 1.8 million people and 590,000 families have suffered from the floods' effects. The floods have also damaged 4,314 roads, 348 bridges, 270 drains, 126 weirs, two reservoirs, 70 government offices and 2,336 schools, said Mr Chatchai. (Bangkok Post, 29 Jan 2017)

By 3 February, Thailand's Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation had reported that three provinces were still dealing with flooding. More than 3,400 households were affected. (Govt. Thailand, 03 Feb 2017)

On 14 February, Thai authorities downgraded the disaster management response level for the floods from Level 3 to Level 2, or from a large-scale disaster to a medium-scale disaster. (Govt. of Thailand, 14 Feb 2017)

Date: 31 Dec 2016
Status: Past disaster