Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

17 de febrero de 2019
Erasmus Mundus Master in Public Health in Disasters


Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

Desastres activos

Moldova: Moldova: Cold Wave - Jan 2019

GLIDE number: CW-2019-000013-MDA
Disaster type: Cold Wave
Affected countries: Moldova

Precarious meteorological conditions, abundant snow, low temperatures were registered between 11 and 12 January 2019 on the territory of the Republic of Moldova. The level of snow throughout the country reached 30 – 190 mm, which is extreme, with most of snow falling in the central and northern part of the Republic. The Government announced code of danger “yellow” in the country. On 11-12 January the roads were closed for any movement, but after 24 hours cleaned and opened again. 14 communities in 5 districts were left without electricity for one day. Low temperatures were registered (-5 to -11 Co). Low temperatures in Moldova have been registered until the end of January. On the 20th of January several regions of the country were affected by the icy rain, which covered all the roads in snow. It is reported that in total 5,460 people were affected by the disaster. Many people with limited physical mobility and living alone were blocked in their houses limiting their ability to purchase required items, including food. Due to the lower than normal temperatures the housing condition proved to not be adequate to keep households warm. The most vulnerable are unable to afford the costs of heating and are concerned that additional costs associated with heating will indebt them further. Out of 5,460 affected people, 2,912 need Red Cross assistance. These are mainly older people, people with disabilities or people with very low income in their families. Because of their poverty, they can’t afford to heat the houses as the heating costs are very high. With the limited income, people prefer to spend money on food or for medicines rather than on heating or electricity put them at risk of developing illnesses and further exacerbating their difficult situation. (IFRC, 6 Feb 2019)

Date: 06 Feb 2019
Status: Ongoing

Philippines: Philippines: Measles Outbreak - Feb 2019

GLIDE number: EP-2019-000112-PHL
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Philippines

On 6 February 2019, the Department of Health (DOH) declared a “measles outbreak” in the National Capital Region (NCR) and Region 3 (Central Luzon). On the 7 February 2019, DOH announced that the measles outbreak had spread to more areas in Luzon and Visayas in CALABARZON, Region 6 (Western Visayas) and Region 7 (Central Visayas). Unconfirmed reports from DOH report around 72 deaths among more than 2,000 cases of measles nationwide. While according to San Lazaro Hospital Epidemiology Department (Special National Hospital Medical Center for Infectious Diseases with a 500-bed capacity), there are 1,187 reported suspected measles cases in Metro Manila since January 2019, with 55 deaths. On 5 February 2019, at least 248 children and 21 adults were being treated for measles in the hospital. Most of the confirmed deaths are children aged three months to four years old. (IFRC, 8 Feb 2019)

Cities in NCR with the most cases are: Manila, Caloocan, Marikina, Pasig, Navotas, Parañaque, Taguig, Pasay, and Malabon. (IFRC, 12 Feb 2019)

Useful Links

  • Republic of the Philippines Department of Health - Logo

Date: 06 Feb 2019
Status: Ongoing

Cuba: Cuba: Severe Local Storm - Jan 2019

GLIDE number: ST-2019-000111-CUB
Disaster type: Severe Local Storm
Affected countries: Cuba

The tornado of 27 January 2019 was registered as an EF4 * with a speed of winds that reached 300 km/h, higher than a category four hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson scale. Four people are reported dead and a total of 195 injured.1,238 homes affected, of which 123 are total landslides and 224 completely lost the roof. Eleven health institutions, 46 schools with different levels of damage and 21 day care centers have been affected. 220,000 people remain affected in the electric service. The most complex situation continues at the Daughters of Galicia maternity hospital, from which 196 patients were evacuated. (UNCT Cuba, 29 Jan 2019)

According to the assessment of the damage caused by the tornado - affecting several municipalities of the Cuban capital – the impact was so severe that Havana’s inhabitants started to refer to the weather event as "The Tornado of the Century". The number of families left homeless or with severely damaged houses has yet to be defined. The initial number of affected homes raised from 1,901 to 3,513. The trend is still increasing as people report the damages of their properties to the Oficinas de Trámites, operating at the community level. More than 4,800 people have been protected: 4,783 people are currently living in homes of relatives and friends and 164 in state facilities. The president of the Institute of Hydraulic Resources (INRH)...reported that the water pumping in the affected areas has already been restored. He also estimated that more than 350,000 people could not receive water services following the passage of the tornado...The United Nations Team for Disaster Management in Cuba (UNDMT) has activated its disaster response mechanisms and continues to analyze the main damage after the tornado. [OCHA] is in close contact with the Office of the Resident Coordinator and is sending an expert to support in the response. (UNCT Cuba, 4 Feb 2019)

Th[e] Plan of Action includes the mobilization of $14,391,461 to respond to the urgent needs of 253,682 people affected by the tornado in the 14 People´s Councils that suffered the greatest impact. Actions in the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene, Education, Health (including sexual and reproductive health), Food Security and Early Recovery and Housing sectors are included. A multi-sectorial response approach has been designed to guarantee a comprehensive benefit to families with humanitarian needs...The short term response actions will be executed within six months, while the medium and long term processes of early recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction will take between 12 to 18 months. (UNCT Cuba, 13 Feb 2019)

Key Content

Date: 27 Jan 2019
Status: Ongoing

Argentina: Argentina: Floods - Jan 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000009-ARG
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Argentina

In early 2019, heavy rain caused flooding in the provinces of Chaco, Corrientes, Santiago del Estero, Tucumán, Santa Fe and Entre Ríos. At the national level, 4 people have died, more than a third of the impacted provinces’ population had to be evacuated and 30,041 people are reported to have been affected by the rainfall that began in the early morning hours of 8 January 2019 and lasted through 18 January 2019. On 23 January 2019, the Argentine government declared a hydro-meteorological emergency for the province of Chaco. (IFRC, 28 Jan 2019)

Date: 23 Jan 2019
Status: Ongoing

Malawi: Malawi: Floods - Jan 2019

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000014-MWI
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Malawi

Although Tropical Cyclone Desmond did not reach Malawi its effects resulted in continuous rainfall in the southern part of the country since 22nd January through to 26th January 2019. Within this period, extensive rainfall were received for Blantyre, Chikwawa and Nsanje from the Department of Climate Change and Met service. On 23rd January 2019, the Village Civil Protection Committee (VCPC) reported to the District Civil Protection Committee (DCPC) on the flooding and subsequent displacement of people in some Tradition Authorities of Chikwawa District. Based on a preliminary assessment report, the most affected Traditional Authorities are Makhuwira and Paramount Chief Lundu in Chikwawa. The assessment reported that a total of 15,974 people were affected, 3,154 houses damaged or destroyed, and 5,078 people reported to be displaced across at least seven camps set up by communities and government through the VCPCs. The VCPCs managed to evacuate the IDPs to the following camps; Mpama CBO, Nyangu Primary School, Tizola Grain Bank, Phimbi Primary School, Livuzu Primary school, Sekeni Primary School and Alinafe Camp. Most of the affected houses were semipermanent structures.

The VCPCs preliminary report found that most boreholes were submerged and 97% of latrines collapsed forcing the communities to resort to open defecation, posing a serious risk of water and other vector-borne diseases, most notably Cholera and malaria which are common in these areas. The Department of Disaster Management Affairs (DoDMA) continues to receive requests for relief support on shelter and WASH. As of 30th January 2019, the assessment is still ongoing as some areas including Group Village Headman (GVH) Sekeni 2, Pangilesi, Mada and Nantusi remain flooded and inaccessible. (IFRC, 11 Feb 2019)

Date: 22 Jan 2019
Status: Ongoing

Nigeria: Nigeria: Lassa Fever Outbreak - Jan 2019

GLIDE number: EP-2019-000012-NGA
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Nigeria

On 21 January 2019, the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) declared an outbreak of Lassa fever following an increase in the number of cases. From 01 to 27 January 2019, a total of 213 confirmed cases including 41 deaths were reported from sixteen states (Edo, Ondo, Ebonyi, Bauchi, Plateau, Taraba, Gombe, Anambra, Kaduna, Kwara, FCT, Benue, Rivers, Nassarawa and Kogi States) across 40 Local Government Areas (LGAs). This represents a significant increase in the number of cases reported compared to at the same period in 2018. With the outbreak confirmed, WHO intensified its technical assistance to State and Federal authorities in investigation and response to the outbreak. (WHO, 1 Feb 2019)

The number of confirmed cases reported across Nigeria remains high. In week 6, 2019 (week ending 10 February 2019), 37 new confirmed cases including 10 deaths (case fatality ratio = 27%) were reported from nine states across Nigeria. The majority of cases were reported from Ondo (12) and Edo (10) states. The number of confirmed cases reported in week 6, 2019 represents a slight decrease compared to week 5 when 68 confirmed cases were reported. (WHO, 14 Feb 2019)

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Date: 21 Jan 2019
Status: Ongoing

Philippines: Tropical Depression Amang - Jan 2019

GLIDE number: EC-2019-000006-PHL
Disaster type: Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Philippines

Heavy rainfall (greater than 7.5 mm per hour) is currently expected over Caraga Region (Region XIII), Davao Region (Region XI) and Eastern Visayas (VIII). The weather disturbance is expected to make landfall over the southern part of Davao region and traverse north through Caraga, Eastern Visayas up to Bicol region.

Caraga is particularly vulnerable as these are mountainous areas with river valleys and are susceptible to floods and landslides. The current landfall is forecasted for Caraga Region, Surigao del Sur Province located along the northeastern coast of Mindanao. Situated west is the Diwata Mountain Range, isolating the province from the rest of Mindanao.

Caraga is susceptible to landslides due to its rugged terrain, while the Agusan River Valley (the third largest river basin in the country, with a total drainage area of 11,937 square kilometres and an estimated length of 390 kilometres from its head origin in Compostela Valley) that stretches all the way to Davao, Butuan and Surigao makes the region prone to flash floods. (IFRC, 18 Jan 2019)

On 20 January, Tropical Depression Amang made landfall over Siargao Island, Surigao del Norte province. As of 21 January, TD Amang was 40 km/h north-northeast of Guiuan, Eastern Samar, and is estimated to bring moderate to heavy rain over the Eastern Visayas and Bicol regions in areas that previously experienced widespread flooding and landslides due to TD Usman that struck in December, causing the loss of over 150 lives. Over 11,000 people have been pre-emptively evacuated in Albay, Camarines Sur, Masbate, Eastern Samar, Agusan del Norte, Dinagat Islands, Surigao del Norte, and Surigao del Sur Provinces, and residents in flood and landslide prone areas have been advised to take precautionary measures. (OCHA, 21 Jan 2019)

Date: 18 Jan 2019
Status: Past disaster

Algeria: Algeria: Cold Wave - Jan 2019

GLIDE number: CW-2019-000010-DZA
Disaster type: Cold Wave
Affected countries: Algeria

On 11 January, Algeria was hit by a cold wave with heavy snow and rainfalls which further intensified on 13 January. Severe weather conditions were reported to have affected 25 out of 48 governorates of Algeria. Extreme weather has resulted in widespread chaos, leaving 8 people dead, 25 people wounded, damage to powerlines and other key infrastructure, more than 151 roads becoming unpassable due to snow and floods, and to the loss of shelter and livelihoods in more than 300 villages and communes across the country. (IFRC 31 Jan 2019)

Date: 11 Jan 2019
Status: Ongoing

Lebanon: Middle East: Floods and Cold Wave - Dec 2018

GLIDE number: ST-2019-000002-LBN
Disaster type: Cold Wave, Flood, Severe Local Storm
Affected countries: Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syrian Arab Republic

Qatar Red Crescent Society (QRCS) has responded to the heavy rain and subsequent floods in northern Syria, which affected thousands of internally displaced people (IDPs) in 22 camps across five towns of Idlib and Aleppo Governorates.

The bad weather damaged 2,214 tents inhabited by 2,329 households in Atme, Sarmada, Deir Hassan, Al-Dana, and Al-Bab.

In response, QRCS's representation mission in Gaziantep, Turkey, activated its disaster information center to manage the emergency response. It coordinates with United Nations agencies, as well as local and international relief providers, to monitor the movement of IDPs, evacuate the submerged camps, and secure transportation and shelter. (Qatar Red Crescent Society, Dec 31 2018)

Lebanon started feeling the effects of a heavy storm on Sunday 6 January 2019. Heavy rain, high winds and colder temperatures were reported all over Lebanon. Some regions were affected by either floodings, erosions or heavy snow. This situation reports highlights the impact of the storm on Syrian refugees and response that followed. 50,000 refugees living in around 850 informal settlements could be affected by floodings.

The impact of the storm ‘Norma’ has necessitated the activation of an extreme weather response over the weekend following referrals received and forecast indicating a drop in temperatures, with snowfall at lower altitudes. Assessment of damage is underway and response has started to affected areas. Extreme weather response is being coordinated by MoSA and UNHCR through the Inter-Agency coordination mechanism.

At minimum 66 informal settlements have been found heavily impacted by the flooding, 15 of which have been completely flooded or collapsed. Around 300 refugees have been relocated so far in the North and the Bekaa. No injuries or casualties have been reported to date. (UNHCR, 7 Jan 2018)

Storm "Norma" has caused damages to infrastructure, roads and homes across Lebanon, putting at least 70,000 refugees at risk, more than half of whom are children, based on the latest humanitarian update. "The storm has caused the collapse of many tents and flooding of several informal settlements to the points that refugees had to evacuate to alternative locations," says Giovanni Rizzo, the Norwegian Refugee Council’s (NRC) Area Manager in Bekaa. (NRC, 10 Jan 2019)

At least 700 Syrian refugees have been evacuated and 900 Syrian refugees are displaced by the impact of the storm (IFRC 9/1/2019; Syria Direct 9/1/2019;). Akkar, Baalbek-Hermel and Bekaa governorates are worst hit by heavy snowfall and flooding. Priority needs are shelter, winterisation kits including blankets, warm clothes, and heating fuel as well as health, WASH and food assistance. (ACAPS, 13 Jan 2019)

Date: 07 Jan 2019
Status: Ongoing

Philippines: Tropical Depression Usman - Dec 2018

GLIDE number: EC-2018-000426-PHL
Disaster type: Flood, Land Slide, Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: Philippines

On 29 December 2018, Tropical Depression "Usman" made landfall in the vicinity of Borongan, Eastern Samar, at 6:00 AM, and weakened into a low pressure area (LPA). Over 4,300 persons were affected in 5 provinces. (Govt. of Philippines, 29 Dec 2018)

As of 30 December, 2018, at least 128,000 people were affected in 26 provinces in Regions V, VIII, CALABARZON, and MIMAROPA. More than 13,000 people are staying in 112 evacuation centers. (Govt. of Philippines, 30 Dec 2018)

Rescue teams in the Philippines on Sunday searched for dozens of missing residents after Cyclone Usman swept through the Southeast Asian archipelago, leaving 22 people dead. The tropical storm brought heavy rain to the Bicol and Eastern Visayas regions, causing massive flooding and landslides, the country's civil defense office said. At least 16 people died in Bicol while six others were killed in Eastern Visayas, civil defense officials said. (Deutsche Welle, 30 Dec 2018)

Tropical Depression Usman has caused flood and landslides affecting around 130,000 persons from Regions IV-A (Calabarzon), IV-B (Mimaropa), V (Bicol), and VIII (Eastern Visayas). According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), 68 have died and 19 are still missing. Four provinces in Region V (Bicol) and 8 municipalities in Orinetal Mindoro have been placed under state of calamity. These are Camarines Sur, Albay, Sorsogon, and Camarines Norte where most of the victims of landslides are located. Some affected provinces have asked for public donations. (ECHO, 1 Jan 2019)

Multiple landslides and widespread flooding caused by Tropical Depression Usman, which made landfall near Borongan, Eastern Samar Province on 29 December, have resulted in over 120 deaths. More than 680,000 people across 14 provinces have been affected by the storm, of which 55 per cent in Bicol Region and 42 per cent in Eastern Visayan Region. At the peak, some 456,000 people were displaced with 1,600 homes reported destroyed and 8,800 damaged. Estimated agricultural losses continue to rise, reaching PHP1 billion (US$ 18 million), with nearly 37,000 farmers and fisherfolk affected. (OCHA, 7 Jan 2019)

According to the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), more than 680,000 people have been affected by the storm. Nearly 55 per cent are located primarily in the province of Camarines Sur in the Bicol Region. As of 10 January, over 1,900 homes are destroyed and more than 15,000 are damaged. The Department of Education reports that over 14,000 learners have been affected. Most of the schools in Buhi, Camarines Sur, were submerged in floodwaters, which damaged desks, textbooks and school supplies. Agricultural losses are approaching PHP2 billion (US$37 million), with over 56,000 farmers and fisherfolk affected, according to the Department of Agriculture and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). More than 23,000 metric tons of rice, corn and high-value crops and over 54,000 hectares of farmland are estimated to have been affected. (OCHA, 10 Jan 2019)

As of 10 January, more than 480,000 people across 14 provinces are reported to have been affected by Tropical Depression Usman. Nearly 60 per cent of those are in Region V, primarily in Camarines Sur. Evacuation centres are beginning to close as people return to their homes: from a peak of 536 shelters, 117 remain open, hosting 57,300 people. Another 83,500 people have already left evacuation centres. The number of people staying with relatives or friends is also declining, from a peak of 220,800 to 158,200. Estimated agricultural losses continue to rise, reaching PHP816 million (USD15.5 million), with nearly 37,000 farmers and fisherfolk affected. P9.2 million ($1.8 million) in assistance has been provided by local authorities, NGOs and DSWD. (OCHA, 14 Jan 2019)

As of 20 January, more than one million people were affected by TD Usman. Over 8,200 people are displaced. At least 2,800 people are taking shelter in 23 evacuation centers. A total of 28 dead are confirmed. (Govt. of Philippines, 20 Jan 2019)

As of 30 January, 18 evacuation shelters remains open to serve at least 2,500 people affected by TD Usman in Calabarzon, Mimaropa, Region V and Region VIII. (Govt. of Philippines, 30 Jan 2019)

Date: 25 Dec 2018
Status: Ongoing

Indonesia: Indonesia: Tsunami - Dec 2018

GLIDE number: TS-2018-000423-IDN
Disaster type: Tsunami
Affected countries: Indonesia

High tide/tsunami hit Carita Beach in Banten Province, and hit the coast around the Sunda Strait, especially in Pandenglang, South Lampung and Serang districts on 22 December 2018 at 21:27hrs. With height of 30-90 cm, the event has produced 168 fatalities, 745 injured, 30 missing, 558 houses damaged, 9 hotel units damaged, 60 damaged food stalls, 350 boats damaged. (IFRC, 23 Dec 2018)

As of 24 December 2018, at 07:00 local time, the Indonesian National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) has confirmed that 281 people have been killed, 1,016 people are injured, and 57 people remain missing. An estimated 11,700 people are reportedly displaced. The tsunami has also damaged 611 houses, 69 hotel and villas, 60 shops, and 420 vessels. These figures are expected to increase as the government’s assessment continues. BNPB, together with the military, police, the National Search and Rescue Agency (BASARNAS), local government, Ministry of Social Affairs Volunteers (TAGANA), Indonesian Red Cross (PMI), volunteers and the community are providing immediate assistance to those affected. The Government of Indonesia has not requested international assistance in responding to the situation. (OCHA 24 Dec 2018)

According to the latest report from BNPB, 430 people have died, 148 people remain missing and a further 1,485 people have sustained injuries, while more than 16,000 people have still been displaced. The BNPB, Indonesian Army, various local government bodies and the Indonesian Red Cross (PMI) are leading the response operations. Evacuation, search and rescue of victims continue. Joint forces with volunteers and the community began to clean the environment from the tsunami debris. The volcanic activity is still ongoing, namely in the form of Strombolian eruptions accompanied by throws of incandescent lava and hot clouds. For this reason the authorities have upgraded the volcano status to Alert level (Level 3, second highest level), with the danger zone extended to 5 km. Dominant winds lead to the south-west so that volcanic ash spreads south-west to the sea. Heavy rain made search and rescue operations more difficult. More than 1,650 people of Banten province, who had been hit by the tsunami, have been affected by the floods caused by Cikalumpang River overflowing its banks on 26 December. (ECHO, 27 Dec 2018)

As of 28 December 2018, the number of people displaced by Sunda Strait tsunami has increased to 40,386. The total number of fatalities now stands at 426, with the number of injured increasing to 7,202 people. Approximately 1,300 houses have been damaged in the affected areas. The Indonesian Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) issued a high tide warning, with potential high tides of 2.5-4 metres in the southern parts of the Sunda Strait. The warning was in effect until 31 December 2018, with no reports of any impact from the high tide. (OCHA, 31 Dec 2018)

Useful Links

Date: 22 Dec 2018
Status: Ongoing

Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka: Floods - Dec 2018

GLIDE number: FL-2018-000425-LKA
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood
Affected countries: Sri Lanka

Due to heavy rains and floods in five districts of the Northern Province on 22 December, more than 45,000 people from nearly 14,000 families had been affected according to the Disaster Management Center (DMC). The affected districts are Mullaithivu, Kilinochchi, Mannar, Vavuniya and Jaffna. Over 8,500 people had been sheltered in 52 welfare camps. The Navy and the Army personnel were engaged in relief and rescue missions in the Mullaithivu and Kilinochchi Districts, which are worst affected by the inclement weather condition. (Govt. of Sri Lanka, 23 Dec 2018)

As of 25 December, over 75,000 people have been affected by flash floods and heavy winds in the Northern Province. More than 11,000 people are staying in 35 evacuation centers as their homes were inundated. The Disaster Management Centre reported one death. Though flood waters were receding, the Meteorology Department warned shower or thundershowers will continue to occur in Northern, Eastern and North-central provinces. (Govt. of Sri Lanka, 25 Dec 2018)

Kilinochchi District Secretary Suntharam Arumainayaham said that all the District Secretaries have taken immediate steps to help the victims of floods in accordance with the guidance given by President Maithripala Sirisena. He pointed out that facilities have been provided already to all the persons sheltered in welfare centres. Even though the flood levels reduced in the Kilinochchi District, the people have returned to the welfare centres because of heavy rains. At present, nearly 18,000 families have been affected and all the essential requirements, including cooked food, dry rations and health facilities are being provided for them. (Gov't of Sri Lanka, 26 Dec 2018)

9,455 people have been displaced by flooding in Mullaithvu, Kilinochchi, Mannar, Vavuniya and Jaffna districts in north-east Sri Lanka and are now staying in 30 safety centres. Mullaithivu and Killinochchi, the two most affected districts, received more than 250 mm of rainfall over a 24 hour period on 22-23 December, the highest recorded rainfall in one day since 1983. The flooding has subsided as the weather improved over the last few days, with more than 2,000 people who had initially been displaced returning to their homes. The National Disaster Relief Services Center (NDRSC) has provided 49.5 million Sri Lankan Rupee (US$ 260,000) in cash allocations to address the immediate needs of those affected. (OCHA, 31 Dec 2018)

Date: 22 Dec 2018
Status: Past disaster

Malawi: Southern Africa: Drought - Nov 2018

GLIDE number: DR-2018-000429-ZWE
Disaster type: Drought
Affected countries: Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eswatini, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe

The number of severely food insecure people in Southern Africa rose to an estimated 9.6 million at the start of the lean season (October 2018 to April 2019), due to an increase of 1.1 million people in Malawi. Malawi, which now has an estimated 3.3 million people in Crisis or Emergency (IPC phase 3 and 4), and Zimbabwe, where nearly 2.4 million people are in Crisis or Emergency, have the highest numbers of severely food insecure people in the region. Meanwhile, three districts in Zimbabwe and two districts in Madagascar were classified in Emergency (IPC phase 4) at the outset of the lean season, as a result of extreme loss of livelihood assets. There are also pockets of people facing Emergency food insecurity (IPC phase 4) in Eswatini, Lesotho and Mozambique. (OCHA, 26 Nov 2018)

Since the start of the 2018/19 cropping season in October, anomalous dry conditions have developed across parts of Southern Africa, with more intense moisture deficits registered in Botswana, Namibia and South Africa, in addition to the western parts of Madagascar. Although there are a few months remaining in the cropping season, with the main harvest period usually commencing in April, the impact of the reduced rains is expected to have caused a contraction in the area planted and lowered yield prospects, particularly in the aforementioned areas. Heavier rainfall since mid‑December provided some respite and helped to alleviate moisture deficits, but concurrently resulted in localized flooding in parts of Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe. (GIEWS, 22 Jan 2019)

Approximately 10.8 million people were facing severe food insecurity in Southern Africa as 2018 came to an end. In Eswatini, the estimated number of people facing Crisis (IPC phase 3) or worse food insecurity more than doubled from 120,000 in October to nearly 250,000 in December. In Zimbabwe, where 2.4 million people in rural areas were severely food insecure, the deteriorating economic situation caused sharp price increases and hampered access to food and agricultural inputs. Shortages of basic food commodities in formal markets, including cooking oil, sugar and bread, were reported, especially in remote areas. In Mozambique, more than 1.78 million people were in IPC phase 3 or above across the country, of whom 814,000 people in five provinces were prioritized for urgent humanitarian assistance. Further attacks by non-state armed actors were reported in Cabo Delgado province in November, increasing food security and malnutrition concerns. Meanwhile, in Madagascar, a Flash Appeal was launched to galvanize funding for rapid response in the Grand Sud region, where 890,000 people are severely food insecure. (OCHA, 22 Jan 2019)

FEWS NET anticipates the next lean season will most likely start atypically early in August/September in several areas of the region, and households will have limited purchasing power due to lower incomes. Additionally, household access to milk will be lower than normal driven by poor livestock body conditions. Consequently, atypically high levels of acute food insecurity are likely during the 2019/20 lean season in most countries across the region, except in Madagascar, Malawi, and northern Mozambique. Atypically high needs will also be driven by conflict in DRC and poor macroeconomic conditions in Zimbabwe. Although outcomes are not expected to be as severe as those following the 2015/16 drought, humanitarian partners should prepare for a likely earlier than normal start to the 2019/20 lean season and higher than normal food assistance needs during this time. (FEWS NET, 1 Feb 2019)

Date: 26 Nov 2018
Status: Alert

Iraq: Iraq: Floods - Nov 2018

GLIDE number: FL-2018-000414-IRQ
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood
Affected countries: Iraq

Torrential rainfall on 22-23 November caused severe flooding across Iraq, leading to the displacement of thousands of people and multiple deaths and injuries. Ninewa and Salah al-Din are the most heavily affected governorates, with bridges, roads and villages being inundated; damage was also recorded in the southern part of the country. An estimated 10,000 people in Salah al-Din and 15,000 people in Ninewa need assistance, including thousands of families living in IDP camps. (OCHA, 25 Nov 2018)

Assessments by humanitarian actors in Ninewa have identified immediate needs as tent replacement, provision of WASH services, and drainage/clearing operations in the Qayyarah Airstrip camp, Jeddah camps 1 through 6, Salamiyah camps 1 & 2, Hamam Al Alil camp 2 and Nimrud Camp. Food rations and NFI kits are also required as people remain displaced from home. In Salah al-Din, Rapid Needs Assessments have identified immediate needs of food, mattresses, blankets, heaters, medical assistance and cash. (OCHA, 27 Nov 2018.)

Central and northwestern Iraq has experienced several episodes of torrential rainfall and severe flooding over a three-week period, most notably on 22/23 November, 30-November/1-December, and 6/7 December. These episodes were interspersed by rainy periods of lesser intensity, which nonetheless adversely affected clean-up efforts. Iraq often experiences heavy rains during winter, but storms this year have been more acute than usual. Ninewa bore the brunt of the severe weather, although other governorates were also affected. The storms washed away buildings, roads, and bridges, and flooded IDP camps and urban areas. A temporary state of emergency was declared in Mosul on 2-December after several neighborhoods were inundated and multiple buildings collapsed. Debris clearance and rehabilitation efforts are underway, but concerns about unexploded ordinance (UXO) must be factored into response efforts. After the initial floods on 22/23 November, camp management in several IDP camps in Ninewa instituted contingency planning which diminished the impact of subsequent storms; however, it is imperative to ensure that all 125 of Iraq’s IDP camps are restored to minimally acceptable standards, including improved flood mitigation measures. (OCHA, 12 Dec 2018.)

Date: 22 Nov 2018
Status: Past disaster

India: India: Floods - Nov 2018

GLIDE number: TC-2018-000413-IND
Disaster type: Flood, Tropical Cyclone
Affected countries: India

Following the Southwest Monsoon season (25 May - 21 October this year) heavy rains triggered floods in Kerala State (India), resulting in casualties and damage. According to the national authorities, as of 6 November, the death toll stands at 504, 3.4 million people were displaced in 12,300 relief camps, more then 110,000 houses were damaged and 23 million people affected. (ECHO, 9 Nov 2018)

The cyclone Gaja has set the tone towards the end of North East monsoon in India. A low pressure intensified into a cyclone made its landfall during the early hours on 16 November 2018 had hit six districts in the southern state, Tamil Nadu, namely Nagapattinam, Tiruvarur, Thanjavur, Pudukottai, Dindigul and Ramnad. The wind speeds reached as high as 120 kmph during its landfall. A major disaster was averted due to the elaborate preparedness measures taken by the government supported by the civil society organizations. Approximately 150,000 vulnerable people were evacuated to relief camps along the coastal areas and fishermen were not allowed to go fishing. Despite elaborate preparedness measures, the wind speed and heavy rains have caused deaths, damages to houses and public infrastructure. (IFRC, 23 Nov 2018)

On 15 December, Tropical cyclone PHETHAI formed over the southern Bay of Bengal and started moving north-west toward Andhra Pradesh State with maximum sustained winds of 83 km/h (ECHO, 17 Dec 2018). On 17 December, it made landfall close to Katrenikona town (coastal north-east Andhra Pradesh) as a tropical storm. One person was reportedly killed in the East Godavari District (ECHO, 18 Dec 2018).

According to the Tamil Nadu government, approximately 250,000 people evacuated to 493 relief camps due to Cyclone Gaja which made landfall on 16 November 2018. The death toll stood at 45. It was also reported that more than 115,000 houses were damaged or destroyed. The Government of India and affected state governments are leading the response. (IFRC, 6 Feb 2019).

Date: 16 Nov 2018
Status: Past disaster

Madagascar: Madagascar: Measles Outbreak - Oct 2018

GLIDE number: EP-2018-000417-MDG
Disaster type: Epidemic
Affected countries: Madagascar

Madagascar has been experiencing a measles outbreak since early October 2018. The outbreak started in the urban health district of Antananarivo Renivohitra (in the heart of the capital city, Antanarivo) on 4 October 2018 when three measles cases were confirmed at the Pasteur Institute of Madagascar (IPM) by serology. The disease then spread to other health districts (Tanà South, Tanà North and Ambohidratrimo) in Analamanga Region (where the capital city is located) and subsequently to other parts of the country. The Ministry of Public Health formally declared the measles outbreak on 26 October 2018.

As of 18 November 2018, a total of 3 239 measles cases have been reported, of which 182 were confirmed immunoglobulin M (IgM) positive and 3 057 were epidemiologically linked. No deaths have been reported to date. A total of 23 districts (out of 114) in 12 regions (out of 22) are currently in epidemic phase. The urban health district of Antananarivo-Renivohitra is the most affected, accounting for 84% (2 730) of all reported cases. The other health districts with high numbers of cases are Ambatondratrimo (6%, 200), Antananarivo-Atsimondrano (3%, 91). The remaining health districts have fewer cases..The current measles outbreak has occurred at a time when there is some resurgence of plague in the country, straining the public health response system. The ongoing political election, with the risks of social tensions and conflict, has also downgraded the response to these public health events. (WHO, 23 Nov 2018)

As of 26 November 2018, 4104 confirmed cases have been reported (207 lab-confirmed and 3 897 epi-linked) from 31 healths districts in 17 regions. No deaths were reported. The most affected district is Antananarivo Renivohitra with 3 080 confirmed cases. (WHO, 30 Nov 2018)

The measles outbreak in Madagascar has seen a dramatic increase in incidence cases in the last three weeks. Since our last report on 23 November 2018 (Weekly Bulletin 47), 6 125 additional cases have been reported, of which 89 were laboratory-confirmed (immunoglobulin M (IgM) positive) and 6 036 were epidemiologically linked. Eleven new districts have been affected during the past three weeks...The continuous propagation and the rapid increase in the number of measles cases in Madagascar is concerning. The outbreak is already in highly populated areas, and in a largely non-immune population as indicated by the wide range of the age groups affected. Given the high transmissibility of measles, it can be expected that this outbreak may evolve exponentially. (WHO, 14 Dec 2018)

The measles outbreak in Madagascar continues to improve, with the trend showing a marked decline. Since our last report on 28 December 2018 (Weekly Bulletin 52), there have been 2 317 additional measles cases reported, of which 231 were confirmed (immunoglobulin M (IgM) positive) and 87 epidemiologically linked...While the situation is improving, the risk of the outbreak spreading to the few remaining unaffected regions of the country remains. Although the first phase of the reactive vaccination campaign progressed well, there is still a shortage of vaccines and funds for response in those districts at risk, and funding gaps need to be filled for phases two and three of the campaign, planned for February through April 2019. (WHO, 25 Jan 2019)

Date: 26 Oct 2018
Status: Ongoing

Paraguay: Paraguay: Floods - Nov 2018

GLIDE number: FL-2018-000419-PRY
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Paraguay

On 29 October 2018, the Paraguay Agency Information (IP) published an updated report regarding the severe weather situation in the county; at least 2,100 families (an increase of 1,300 families since Friday, 26 October report) were affected due to heavy rain and an overflow of the Paraguay river in Asuncion city. Currently, 65 shelters are providing assistance to affected people. (PAHO, 29 Oct 2018)

In Asunción, 30,225 people (6,085 families) were evacuated to 109 temporary collective centres set up by the Municipality of Asunción and one collective centre managed by the National Emergency Secretariat in a military site in Bañado Tacumbú. On 1 November 2018, the Asunción municipal government declared a 90-day citywide emergency. Over the last few weeks, the number of affected people has increased, and the Paraguayan government has had to evacuate them and install improvised temporary lodgings to house them. The rains are expected to continue, putting those who have chosen to remain in their home at risk and threatening to increase the affected population’s humanitarian needs. To date, there has been 1,561.7 mm of rainfall in the affected area from 1 January 2018 to 23 November 2018, including a sharp increase from October to November 2018; the rainfall total for 2018 is 350.8 mm higher than the yearly average for the affected region. (IFRC, 30 Nov 2018)

Date: 26 Oct 2018
Status: Past disaster

Russian Federation: Russian Federation: Floods - Oct 2018

GLIDE number: FL-2018-000360-RUS
Disaster type: Flood
Affected countries: Russian Federation

Due to heavy rains and storms starting on 24 October 2018, a total of 2,545 houses of Krasnodar Krai (region) of Russia were flooded, affecting tens of thousands of people. With over 200,000 inhabitants living in the disaster-hit areas, the governor of Krasnodar Krai declared a state of emergency on 25 October. The local authorities started the response and relief operation immediately and 600 people were evacuated from the flooded houses. (IFRC, 12 Nov 2018)

Date: 24 Oct 2018
Status: Past disaster

Trinidad and Tobago: Trinidad and Tobago: Floods - Oct 2018

GLIDE number: FL-2018-000194-TTO
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Severe Local Storm
Affected countries: Trinidad and Tobago

On 18 - 19 October, Trinidad and Tobago experienced torrential rainfall, according to Government officials, Trinidad alone received a full month’s worth of rain during the two days. It was estimated 80% of the country was affected by flooding, communities, main roads and public services were affected. On 20 October, the Government of Trinidad and Tobago activated its National Emergency Operations Centre and began assessments. As of now the Government has not requested international support. (OCHA, 23 Oct 2018)

The persistent rainfall has caused flooding in approximately 80 per cent of the country, primarily the north, east and central parts of the island nation such as Sangre Grande, Matelot, La Horquetta, St. Helena, Caroni and Mayaro. There are reports from ODPM and CDEMA’s Situation Report #1 that the flooding has impacted 100,000 to 150,000 people. Additionally, official reports from ODPM and CDEMA indicate that 800 people sought shelter in collective centres during th the peak of the emergency; however, the colletive centre population is decreasing as affected people return home to begin the cleanup process. (IFRC, 29 Oct 2018)

Date: 18 Oct 2018
Status: Past disaster

Indonesia: Indonesia: Floods and Landslides - Oct 2018

GLIDE number: FL-2019-000011-IDN
Disaster type: Flash Flood, Flood, Land Slide
Affected countries: Indonesia

Heavy rain has been affecting several areas of the country, especially Sumatra Island, causing flash floods and triggering landslides. As of 15 October, 21 people have died, ten more are missing and 500 homes were damaged in the provinces of North and West Sumatra. Three bridges were brought down in West Pasaman district in North Sumatra. Over the next 24 hours, moderate rain with locally heavy rain may affect several areas of the country, including Sumatra Island. (ECHO, 15 Oct 2018)

On 21 October 2018, heavy rains triggered flash floods in Sigi District, Central Sulawesi Province. These floods occur in the midst of the emergency response to the earthquake, tsunami and liquefaction, and where 220,000 people remain displaced. (OCHA, 22 Oct 2018)

On 3 November, heavy rains with strong winds hit Bojonegoro District in East Java Province. BPBD reported that one person was injured and a number of houses were damaged by the winds and rain. On the same day, continuous heavy rains for three hours in Banjarnegara District, Central Java Province, triggered floods and fallen trees in Merden and Danareja villages. BPBD reported that flood water of up to 50 cm inundated farms and plantations as well as some residential areas. Electricity was cut off in some of the affected areas and there were no reports of any casualties. (OCHA, 5 Nov 2018)

On 7 and 9 November, heavy rains triggered floods and landslides in West and North Sumatera provinces. In total, two people were reported killed, 100 households were displaced, nearly 100 houses destroyed, as well as roads and bridges damaged. (OCHA, 12 Nov 2018)

As of 6 December, heavy rains and whirlwinds in Bogor City resulted in the death of one person and damaged 50 houses. BPBD, military, police and TAGANA (volunteers from the Ministry of Social Affairs) provided support to affected people. On the same day, an overflowing river in Kempo sub-district, West Nusa Tenggara Province inundated 120 houses and resulted in five people being injured. As of 8 December, heavy rains caused floods and landslides in Pacitan, East Java Province, and four people have been reported missing. A further four people have reportedly died due to flooding and landslides in Bali. Flooding in Semarang city also inundated 375 households in residential areas close to the river banks. (OCHA, 10 Dec 2018)

On 13 December, landslides occurred in Pintu Pohan District, North Sumatera Province following heavy rains across much of the country. Eight people were killed and two more were injured. Two people are still missing. A number of houses have also been destroyed. (OCHA, 17 Dec 2018)

On 1 January 2019, torrential rain has caused a landslide that buried dozens of homes in a village in West Java. At least 15 people have been killed and dozens more are missing. More than 500 rescuers were sent to the area accordingly to disaster agency. (Deutsche Welle, 1 Jan 2019)

As of 6 January 2019, the SAR team continued to make efforts to search for landslide victims in Sukabumi District in West Java. The joint SAR team found 64 people survived, 31 people died, 2 people were missing and 3 people were injured. (AHA Centre, 6 Jan 2019)

Heavy rain caused severe flash flooding in Makassar, southern Sulawesi and the surrounding area. The floods caused the loss of life of at least 6 people, while 10 are reported missing. Partners report damage to private and public properties. (ECHO, 23 Jan 2019)

Severe weather, including heavy rain, strong wind and storm surge, has been affecting central and eastern Indonesia over the last three days, triggering flooding and landslides. As of 25 January at 8.00 UTC, 30 people are reportedly dead and 25 more missing in South Sulawesi Province. More than 3 000 people were evacuated across South Sulawesi Province, including in Makassar, and a major highway closed. Storm surges have also been affecting Bali, leading to the temporary closure of several beaches (ECHO, 25 Jan 2019)

As of 27 January, floods and landslides in South Sulawesi Province affected 188 villages in 13 districts, with 68 people known to have died, seven people missing, and 47 people injured. More than 6,750 people have been displaced, as 550 houses were damaged and 5,200 houses flooded. There has been significant damage to infrastructure with bridges, roads, markets, schools and other public facilities damaged. Prior to this flooding incident, six people had died, four were injured and 10 still missing following flash flooding in Gowa District, South Sulawesi on 22 January. More than 2,000 people were displaced to 13 IDP sites. 68 people killed (OCHA 28 Jan 2019)

Date: 13 Oct 2018
Status: Ongoing