Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

21 de octubre de 2021
Erasmus Mundus Master in Public Health in Disasters

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Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre. Facultad de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud. 7ª Planta
Campus del Cristo
33006 Oviedo - España
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Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

Desastres activos

DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - Oct 2021

Affected country: Democratic Republic of the Congo
Glide: EP-2021-000157-COD

On 8 October 2021, the Ministry of Health of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) announced that a new laboratory-confirmed case of Ebola virus disease (EVD) had been detected in Butsili Health Area, Beni Health Zone in North Kivu Province. Earlier this year, an EVD outbreak affected North Kivu Province which was declared over on 3 May 2021. (WHO, 10 Oct 2021)

Ebola vaccination began today in the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s North Kivu Province where a case was confirmed on 8 October. People at high risk, including contacts of the confirmed case and first responders will receive the doses as the health authorities move to curb the spread of the virus. (WHO, 13 Oct 2021)

Pakistan: Earthquake - Oct 2021

Affected country: Pakistan
Glide: EQ-2021-000156-PAK

More than 20 people, mostly children, died and above 300 hundred injured on October 7, when an earthquake hit Hernai district in Balochistan. The earthquake was of 5.9M with the depth of 9km, followed by an aftershock of 4.9M with a depth of 12km, according to USGS. Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA) in Balochistan reported that houses within a 15km radius of Harnai districts had been destroyed and rescue teams of military and frontier corps (FC) were engaged in relief efforts. There had been also some landsliding in mountainous areas. According to the initial reports from the civil administration, more than 100 houses are fully damaged and operations underway to rescue people stuck under the debris. As the Minister for Home Affairs of Balochistan reported, five to six districts are affected on a "major scale" and data are still being collected. A medical emergency has been declared at the Civil Hospital Quetta where doctors and other paramedical staff have been recalled on an emergency basis, according to the hospital personnel. (ECHO, 7 Oct 2021)

As of 12 October, 16 people died (five male, three female and eight children) and 219 were injured (54 male, 73 female and 92 children) according to the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA). Over 100 mud houses and 11 schools were estimated to have been completely damaged and more than 5,000 partially damaged houses were reported to be non-inhabitable. Harnai is the worst-hit district of Balochistan and has been receiving aftershocks of varying intensity. According to humanitarian partners' survey, more than 63,000 people have been affected in the district. The extent of humanitarian needs and damage is still being assessed and the figures provided by authorities are preliminary and subject to change. The National Emergency Operation Centre is coordinating rescue and relief efforts and supporting the Provincial Disaster Management Agency (PDMA) of Balochistan. The most priority needs from initial assessment findings include shelter, food and blankets. UNHCR has provided 500 emergency tents and thousands of core relief sets to PDMA to support shelter needs in the affected areas. The Government has not requested international assistance. (OCHA, 12 Oct 2021)

On 15 October, Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA) has declared emergency in district Harnai as natural calamity area due to the earthquake. At least 21 people kill and more than 300 people injured. According to the local administration, there are around 800 to 1000 fully/severely damaged houses. Majority of the houses in the area were made with mud and stones, making them quite vulnerable to disasters such as earthquakes. The earthquake badly affected Union councils of Saddar 1, Saddar 2, Naqas, Sharaq and Badyaan. Due to remoteness of the area, authorities were facing hurdles in initial response as some roads had been blocked due to landslides. (IFRC, 17 Oct 2021)

Severe Tropical Storm Kompasu - Oct 2021

Affected countries: Cambodia, China, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Philippines, Thailand, Viet Nam
Glide: FL-2021-000158-PHL

On 7 October, a Low-Pressure Area East of Camarines Norte developed into a tropical depression while moving erratically over the Philippine Sea, and on the following day intensified into a Tropical Storm called Kompasu (locally known as Maring). On 10 October, Tropical Storm Kompasu merged with a Tropical Depression (locally known as Nando) and continued moving towards the Extreme Northern Luzon.

On 11 October, Tropical Storm Kompasu intensified into Severe Tropical Storm (STS) and passed close to south of Camiguin Island, after which it made a landfall in the vicinity of Fuga Island, Cagayan in Region II. It further enhanced the southwest monsoon, bringing more rain to already inundated areas and causing heavy flooding in Cagayan Valley, MIMAROPA and Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR). Although, the Severe Tropical Storm exited the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) on Tuesday 12 October, further heavy rains were experienced.

National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council has reported a total of 235 flooded areas and 31 incidents of rain-induced landslides in Regions I, II, III, MIMAROPA, CARAGA and CAR. Flooding up to waist level has been caused by continuous rains and the high saturation of soil moisture. A total of 155,156 families or 611,705 persons affected in 1,380 barangays in Regions I, II, III, MIMAROPA, VI, CARAGA and CAR with 39 dead, 3 injured and 17 missing. At least 4,318 families or 15,130 persons are currently taking temporary shelter in 91 evacuation centres. (IFRC, 19 Oct 2021)

Honduras: Wildfires - Oct 2021

Affected country: Honduras
Glide: WF-2021-000154-HND

On Saturday, 2 October 2021, around 2:00 a.m., a fire of significant proportions was reported in the municipality of Guanaja, Department of Islas de la Bahía, located 70 km north of the Honduran coast and 12 km from the island of Roatan with an approximate population of 6,000 inhabitants. The incident occurred in the town known as "El Cayo", the main population center of the municipality and where the municipal offices, health center, banks, and other commercial and government buildings are located. To date, the causes of the fire are still unclear. There was no Fire Department in the affected areas. Therefore, there was not a speedy response to the incident. According to reports from the Permanent Contingency Commission (COPECO), the fire was 100% controlled around 11:00 a.m. on 2 October, thanks to the deployment of firefighters from the near island of Roatan (located between the islands of Útila and Guanaja) and the regions near the coast of the country of La Ceiba and Tegucigalpa, including members of the Honduran Naval Force and Air Force, which provided boats and helicopters to quell the spread of the fire. There is a long distance, between Guanaja and the main cities; hence supporting a speedy response was not possible (Guanaja – La Ceiba 123 km, Guanaja – Tegucigalpa 299 km).

Due to the proximity of the houses and wood as main construction material, the fire spread quickly, affecting approximately half of the territorial extension of El Cayo. The first reports indicated that the consequences of the event account for a total population of approximately 4,000 people broadly affected (2,500 directly affected), more than 500 evacuees, 90 homes destroyed, 136 homes damaged and 3 injured who were transferred by air to the University School Hospital located in Tegucigalpa; no deaths have been reported.

According to preliminary reports on the ground, some shelters were set up in the sector by the Guanaja Municipal Emergency Committee. However, only two people have been registered in them since most of the inhabitants have sought to move to other temporary places in communities inside or outside the municipality. The affected population has sought accommodation through houses of relatives, close people, hotels, and others. On the other hand, the central and municipal government has announced that it will begin as soon as possible the cleaning actions in the area that include the demolition and removal of those buildings that have suffered serious damage and could not be rehabilitated. (IFRC, 11 Oct 2021)

A state of emergency and calamity has been declared for Guanaja, while national authorities are assisting the affected population with aid and relief items. (ECHO, 05 Oct 2021)

Georgia: Floods - Sep 2021

Affected country: Georgia
Glide: FL-2021-000152-GEO

During 22-24 September 2021, heavy rains seriously affected five municipalities in the western part of Georgia, in the Autonomies Republic of Adjara and Guria region. The total population in five affected municipalities stands at 195,193, of which 1,780 people (445 household) were heavily affected. The volume of rainfall, in addition to the subsequent landslides, exceeded the capacity of the households to respond in a timely manner and prevent the damages to their properties. [...] The heavy rain also activated the landslides in the rural areas of the affected municipalities. Houses of 20 households in the Autonomous Republic of Adjara and 5 households in Guria region were destroyed. [...] The flooding and landslides are also found to have made significant damages to the agricultural land plots and fruit orchards of the local population. It is noteworthy, that subsistence and commercial agriculture are primary sources of income of rural households in Georgia, including the Autonomous Republic of Adjara and Guria region. The damage caused by the disaster is foreseen to have a detrimental effect on the longer-term livelihoods of the people affected. (IFRC, 8 Oct 2021)

Uganda: Floods and Landslides - Sep 2021

Affected country: Uganda
Glide: FL-2021-000153-UGA

On 17 September, Uganda Red Cross Society (URCS) through its assessments, reported flooding events affecting the districts of Kapchorwa, Sironko, Mbale, Bukedea, Zombo, Kapelebyong and Katakwi. The floods, landslides and hailstorm episodes affected 07 districts and have left one (1) registered death from Kapchorwa district (male adult), kapsinde sub-county due to landslides, 72 people injured, 597 individuals homeless, 5 individuals hospitalised, 51 individuals evacuated, 308 families displaced, 416 houses completely destroyed, 829 houses partially damaged, 3 health facilities affected due to the floods, 61 water facilities affected and 6 schools have been affected in Bukedea, Kapelebyong, Katakwi and Oyam districts. There is an urgent need to provide household kits and shelter items to the affected communities to support with immediate household needs. Water facilities have been destroyed which has possessed a risk of water-borne diseases such as cholera and typhoid. Prior to above mentioned events and since the beginning of September 2021, many parts of Uganda have been receiving torrential rains which have affected many districts country wide. To date, the prolonged rain events have persisted, and 17 districts have been affected including Kasese, Oyam, Koboko, Yumbe, Katakwi, Bukedea, Kapchorwa, Sironko, Arua, Mbale, Kakumuro, Kibaale, Ibanda, Apac, Kabaale, Zombo and Kapelebyong. (IFRC, 13 Oct 2021)

Heavy rains registered during September and early October 2021 have caused several floods, landslides and hailstorms, significantly affecting more than 40,000 individuals living in 17 Districts located in Eastern, Central, Western and West Nile regions. At least 3,620 people have been displaced and are hosted in government schools and community halls near the affected areas awaiting water levels to recede. On 14 October, a landslide reported in Bududa District (Eastern Uganda), affecting 214 individuals (33 households). (ECHO, 18 Oct 2021)

DR Congo: Meningitis Outbreak - Sep 2021

Affected country: Democratic Republic of the Congo
Glide: EP-2021-000138-COD

The Democratic Republic of the Congo has declared an outbreak of meningitis in the north-eastern Tshopo Province where 261 suspected cases and 129 deaths—a high case fatality ratio of 50%—have been reported. Confirmatory tests carried out by the Institut Pasteur in Paris detected Neisseria meningitidis – one of the most frequent types of bacterial meningitis with the potential to cause large epidemics. (WHO, 8 Sep 2021)

On 7 September 2021, the National Minister of Public Health declared a meningitis epidemic in the DRC. This declaration follows confirmation by the National Institute for Biomedical Research (INRB) and the Pasteur Institute in Paris of the presence of meningococcal meningitis type W in the samples collected from some patients in the Tshopo province. The epidemiological events that aroused suspicion date back to early July 2021 following an increase in deaths in a clinical context of fever, headache, stiff neck, suggestive of meningitis. However, preliminary investigations helped to establish that the health events observed date back to the beginning of June 2021 (S23) in two mining sites in the health area (AS) of Panga, health zone (ZS) of Banalia, located north of Kisangani, capital of Tshopo province. According to the WHO epidemiological bulletin dated 13 September 2021, 301 suspected cases of meningitis, including 131 deaths, i.e., a case-fatality rate of 48.8%, have been recorded since the beginning of the epidemic. WHO further highlights the notification of 39 new suspected cases between 10 and 11 September 2021. (IFRC, 23 Sep 2021)

Guinea: Floods - Aug 2021

Affected country: Guinea
Glide: FL-2021-000135-GIN

On the night of Monday 30th to Tuesday 31st of August 2021, heavy rain fell over most of the country causing flooding in the prefectures of Siguiri, Guéckédou, and the capital Conakry. This situation has affected 69,671 people, with 1,972 homeless people, 21 injured and 5 deaths recorded.

The preliminary assessments indicated that 763 water points destroyed; 103 host families; 21 resettlement sites and 964 latrines destroyed. There are also, huge impacts on agriculture and animal husbandry which have also been recorded. Affected people and the authorities are seeking the support of people of good will and humanitarian organizations. (IFRC, 12 Sep 2021)

Lesotho: Windstorms - Aug 2021

Affected country: Lesotho
Glide: VW-2021-000139-LSO

From 27 to 31 August 2021, Lesotho experienced windstorms which affected several districts across the country. Out of the ten districts, two (Qacha's Nek and Thaba Tseka) were severely affected while the remaining eight districts experienced minor effects of the wind. Soon after the disaster, Lesotho Red Cross Society (LRCS) and the Disaster Management Authority (including stakeholders from the District Disaster Management Team (DDMT) and the National Society) conducted a rapid assessment between the 29 and 31 of August 2021 revealed that in Qacha’s Nek and Thaba Tseka, cumulatively, 510 houses were affected by the storm. Out of the affected households, 162 were destroyed and families have been displaced, currently hosted by neighbours or relatives. The remaining 348 families whose houses were damaged are using undamaged part of the houses, although they have lost their basic household items. In Qacha’s Nek (Sehaba Theebe) 81 family latrines were blown away. [...] The main priorities identified by the LRCS during the initial assessments were emergency shelter, livelihoods and basic needs, WASH and health for the 162 families whose houses and essential food and household items have been destroyed. (IFRC, 13 Sep 2021)

Thailand: Floods and Landslides - Aug 2021

Affected country: Thailand
Glide: FL-2021-000147-THA

According to Thailand's Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation (DDPM), a low-pressure cell located in the lower parts of Viet Nam together with the Southwest Monsoon that prevails over the Andaman Sea, Thailand, and the Gulf of Thailand, has brought heavy rains from 27-31 August. This has resulted in flash floods in 10 provinces of Thailand (Tak, Kamphaeng Phet, Nakhon Ratchasima, Prachinburi, Chon Buri, Rayong, Chanthaburi, Sa Kaeo, Singburi, and Samut Prakan). According to the DDPM, 65,088 households (estimated 325,440 persons) have reportedly been affected. (AHA Centre, 31 Aug 2021)

Heavy rain has been affecting northern and central Thailand (in particular Prachinburi and Phitsanulok Provinces) since 3 September, causing floods that have resulted in population displacements and damage. The ASEAN Disaster Information Network (ADINet) reports, as of 7 September, 4,135 affected people across the aforementioned Provinces, where Phitsanulok represents the most affected one. (ECHO, 7 Sep 2021)

According to the Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation, due to the influence of the monsoon trough across the north and the upper northeastern region together with the western monsoon over the Andaman Sea, the South, and the Gulf of Thailand, heavy to very heavy rainfall has reportedly occurred in 14 provinces since 16 Sep 2021. Flooding and landslides have reportedly affected 15,600 households (78,100 persons) across the following provinces: Chiang Mai, Lampang, Tak, Sukhothai, Phetchabun, Phichit, Kamphaeng, Phet, Chaiyaphum, Loei, Nakhon Ratchasima, Prachinburi, Chanhaburi, Ayutthaya, and Nakhon Si Thammarat. The situation has been resolved in 10 provinces. (AHA Centre, 19 Sep 2021)

The southwest prevails over the Andaman Sea, the South and the Gulf of Thailand, causing heavy to very heavy rainfall in some areas. From 16 September to present, causing flash floods in the area of ​​17 provinces (Chiang Mai, Lampang, Tak, Sukhothai, Phetchabun, Phichit, Kamphaeng Phet, Chaiyaphum, Loei, Nakhon Ratchasima, Sisaket, Prachinburi, Sa KaeoChanthaburi, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Ratchaburi, Nakhon Si Thammarat). Total of 16,283 households was affected. At present, the situation has been resolved in 12 provinces. The situation is still present in the 5 provinces. (AHA Centre, 22 Sep 2021)

Widespread floods, flash floods and landslides have been recorded in northern Thailand following the influence of the tropical cyclone DIANMU since 23 September. According to the ASEAN Disaster Information Network (ADINet), in Thailand, at least 300,000 people have been affected in 27 Provinces. (ECHO, 27 Sep 2021)

According to the Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation (PWA), the most hit areas include the Provinces of Lop Buri (central Thailand) and Phetchabun (north-central Thailand), where six people have died and two others are missing. Up to 71,093 households have been affected by flooding across the 30 Provinces. On 28 September, flood warnings were issued for residents in Ubon Ratchathani Province, due to the increasing water levels of Mun River, which has reached up to 7 m in Mueang Ubon Ratchathani District. (ECHO, 28 Sep 2021)

Widespread floods have been affecting 31 Provinces of Thailand since late September, resulting in an increasing number of casualties and damage. According to the Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation (DDPM) seven people have died, one is still missing and more than 229,000 have been affected. National authorities are providing assistance to the affected communities. (ECHO, 1 Oct 2021)

As of 4 October, Tropical Depression Dianmu (previously a tropical storm) continues to bring heavy rain and cause flash floods across the northeast and central Thailand. According to the Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation (DDPM), 271,100 households in 32 provinces have been affected and eight people have died since 23 September. Currently, 141,200 households from 18 provinces remain affected. This disaster event is considered a provincial situation, and the response has been led by the provincial governors with support from the military, Provincial Red Cross Chapters, civil society and the private sector. (OCHA, 4 Oct 2021)

Since mid-September, floods related to heavy rain have been affecting northern and central Thailand, leading to casualties. The Thailand Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation reports on 6 October, that nine people died (six in Lopburi Province, two in Phetchabun Province and one in Chainat Province), while more than 298,900 people have been affected across 32 Provinces. The International Disaster Charter 734 was activated for Thailand in response to the floods. (ECHO, 6 Oct 2021)

The monsoon season in Thailand has brought heavy rain and flash floods since 23 September. According to the Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation as of 11 October, the total number of affected households has now decreased to about 95,000 from about 141,000 a week earlier. The provincial authorities are providing emergency relief items, including emergency medicine, shelter, safe drinking water and food, with support from the Royal family, Thai Red Cross, the military, and local organizations. (OCHA, 12 Oct 2021)

Over the past few days, heavy rain has been affecting parts of Thailand, causing floods, triggering landslides and resulting in casualties and damage. According to the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management (AHA Centre), in Thailand, one person has been injured and more than 25,000 people have been affected across the Provinces of Chanthaburi, Loei, Lampang, Ranong and Saraburi. (ECHO, 15 Oct 2021)

Venezuela: Floods - Aug 2021

Affected country: Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Glide: FL-2021-000129-VEN

On 23 August, heavy rains were registered due to the passage of the Tropical Wave N°38, which caused floods, landslides, road obstructions, loss of housing, damages to basic services such as water and electricity, among others in ten of the 24 states of the country. As shown in the map above the most affected states include Mérida, Apure, Bolivar, Táchira, Zulia, Delta Amacuro, Carabobo, Yaracuy, Portuguesa, and Sucre. On 25 August, the government declared a 90-day emergency decree for Merida, Apure, Bolivar, Yaracuy, and Zulia.

According to the National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology forecast, the rainy season will continue affecting Venezuela. Official reports state that the damages at national level include: 54,543 people affected; 10 states affected; 85 municipalities affected; 116 routes affected; 10 bridges affected; 79 overflows from different bodies of water; 40 large-scale landslides. (IFRC, 2 Sep 2021)

Iraq: Drought - Aug 2021

Affected country: Iraq
Glide: DR-2021-000119-IRQ

In the region, Euphrates & Tigris rivers are currently experiencing drought conditions, resulting in lower river flow, and affecting dam storage. The current season is the second driest in 40 years. Iraq is anticipating a serious drought this summer following a particularly dry winter and reduced river flow caused by upstream damming programs by riparian countries. Climate change has potential impacts on food security such as reduction in wheat production, decrease in surface water storage, drying of shallower wells due to insufficient groundwater recharge, and an increase in the cost of water. If the dry conditions continue, and the water reservoirs are not replenished, the population will face an acute water shortage for irrigation of the next cropping season. (UNICEF, UNV, 12 Aug 2021)

In Iraq, large swathes of farmland, fisheries, power production and drinking water sources have been depleted of water. In the Ninewa governorate, wheat production is expected to go down by 70 per cent because of the drought, while in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq production is expected to decrease by half. Some families in Anbar who have no access to river water are spending up to USD80 a month on water. (ACTED, et. al., 23 Aug 2021)

Temperatures are hitting record highs; last year saw Baghdad’s highest temperature ever of 52 degrees Celsius. WFP’s assessments revealed that the 2021 rainfall season has been below average, particularly in the northern governorates and Kurdistan Region. This could impact the final yield of the two major crops; wheat and barley. WFP’s May surveys noted that 8 percent of people in Ninewa and Kirkuk governorates have insufficient food consumption, twice as many as the 4 percent national average. Similarly, 13.4 percent of people in Ninewa reported employing negative coping strategies – such as borrowing money or eating less food – above the 7.5 percent national average. WFP continues to monitor the situation closely, particularly the impact on food security. (WFP, 6 Sep 2021)

Malaysia: Floods - Aug 2021

Affected country: Malaysia
Glide: FL-2021-000126-MYS

Yan, Kedah was faced with a flash flood from the foothill of Mount Jerai (Gunung Jerai). The flash flood happened on Wednesday, 18 August 2021 at 5.30 pm (Local Malaysian Time). The heavy downpour caused water surges and landslides on Gunung Jerai that later hit Yan, Kuala Muda, and Bandar Baharu district in Kedah with muddy flash floods. The surrounding location of Gunung Jerai Resort was severely damaged. Difficulty in road access from the affected flash flood sites hampered the search and rescue of the casualties believed to have drowned and been swept away by the strong current. The flash floods have affected approximately 879 families (4,395 people) in the affected area of Yan district and 86 families (430 people) in Kubang Pasu district. The data collected is based on the district office in Yan and Kuala Muda as of 22 August 2021.

The Government opened two evacuation centres and hosted 43 people for short-term assistance. Currently, the evacuation centres had been closed. Out of 4,825 people affected by the flash flood, only 43 people went to the evacuation centres. People from the affected flash flood villages were hesitant to evacuate to the centres due to the fear of COVID-19 transmission. COVID-19 cases in the Yan district are considered high at the state level. For Yan district, 395 positive COVID-19 cases have been reported, and in Kuala Muda district, figures have reached 6,285 cases. Carrying sediment and large tree trunks, the flash floods impacted nearby houses in the Kampung Pematang Keramat. Most of the houses in this village are 2 km from the primary impact area of the foothill of Gunung Jerai. The affected houses are covered in mud, some with minor damage.

Villages affected by the flash flood were covered with mud and sand on the houses since 18 August 2021. Of the three affected locations, the Yan district is the most affected location. Heavy rains poured a massive volume of water down a stream from Gunung Jerai, sweeping tree trunks and rocks through two km of the surrounding area. The ensuing floods destroyed local village livestock and vegetable farms. Local authorities have confirmed six deaths.

In Kuala Muda district, most areas were covered with muddy water, tree trunks, and large rocks from the side of the river. Despite mud covering houses, flood victims did not report heavy damage. People did, however, report damage to several home appliances and furniture. The walls of a few residences are damaged, smashed by rocks from the nearby river. Most of the houses are built with concrete structures and wood materials.

A river overflowed in Banda Baharu district, as heavy downpour caused pressure on a dam, flooded its water capacity and impacted poor drainage systems. Houses in this district were covered with muddy water with 25 people affected, and local authorities are providing assistance to this district.

In the two districts of Yan and Kuala Muda, flash floods destroyed farmland and plantations. Livestock loss such as chickens, goats, and cows was also reported, which are critical livelihood or safety net assets for the affected. Some farmers reportedly lost harvests due to the flood, which is significant as the rice harvest is due later this month. Kedah state is currently experiencing the third wave of COVID-19, with cases escalating in the last two weeks, reaching 1,538 new cases per day and 24,306 active cases. Kedah state is the seventh highest state with COVID-19 cases in Malaysia, reporting 89,027 cases as of 26 August 2021. In Malaysia, a Movement Control Order (MCO) is still ongoing, and the country has a COVID-19 recovery plan with different phases. Currently, Kedah state still falls under the category of phase 1, where daily cases are still high. (IFRC, 30 Aug 2021)

Heavy rain has been affecting Malaysia, in particular Johor, Sarawak, and Sabah States, since 3 September, causing floods that have resulted in population displacements and damage. In Malaysia, the ASEAN Disaster Information Network (ADINet) reports 255 displaced people, of which 96 in Johor, 84 in Sarawak and 75 more across Sabah. (ECHO, 7 Sep 2021)

Since 15 September, heavy rain has been affecting several areas of Sabah State (northern Borneo Island, Malaysia), causing floods and landslides and leading to casualties. Media report that in Penampang District, at least two people died following a landslide event, and 32 people have been sheltered at an evacuation centre. The most affected areas in Sabah include Kota Kinabalu, Penampang and Putatan - Districts, where floodwater has damaged a number of houses and road sections. (ECHO, 17 Sep 2021)

Widespread floods have been reported in two states of northwestern Malaysia over the past few days, resulting in evacuations. According to the ASEAN Disaster Information Network (ADINet), 262 people have been evacuated in 10 evacuation centres, of which 179 in Kedah State and 83 in Perak State. On 30 September - 1 October, heavy rain with thunderstorms is forecast across the affected states. (ECHO, 30 Sep 2021)

Niger: Cholera Outbreak - Aug 2021

Affected country: Niger
Glide: EP-2021-000130-NER

As of 16 August 2021, some 845 suspected cases of cholera and 35 related deaths had been reported in the country, according to the Niger Ministry of Health. (UNICEF, 20 Aug 2021)

During a press conference held on 9 August 2021, the Minister of Public Health of Niger officially declared the Cholera epidemic outbreak in the country. As of 16 August 2021, Niger recorded 845 confirmed cases with 35 deaths. Initially located in two regions of the country, (Zinder and Maradi) and National Society’s response was being supported through the regular IFRC’s Country Support Platform (CSP) project with the Global Taskforce on Cholera Control (GTFCC). Unfortunately, the epidemic spread rapidly and by 24 August 2021, the number of confirmed cases had increased to 1,904 with 70 deaths (4% lethality rate). In addition, the scope of the outbreak spread significantly, from two regions to six regions by 24 August, including Maradi, Zinder, Tahoua, Dosso, Niamey and Tillabery. A total of 23 Health districts in these regions have so far reported cases out of which 18 are already managing confirmed cases. Below is a summary presentation of data as of 24 August. (IFRC, 4 Sep 2021)

Niger has also been dealing with a cholera epidemic, which is affecting six out of the eight regions in the country. Some 4,907 cholera cases have been recorded countrywide, including 153 deaths. About 55 per cent of the cases are female. (OCHA, 29 Sep 2021)

Haiti: Earthquake - Aug 2021

Affected country: Haiti
Glide: EQ-2021-000116-HTI

On Saturday, 14 August a major 7.2-magnitude earthquake hit Haiti. According to Haiti’s Office for Civil Protection, 227 have died and the figure is sadly expected to increase in the coming hours. Preliminary reports by Haitian Red Cross volunteers and IFRC staff on the ground confirm that the earthquake has caused severe damage to infrastructure, including hospitals, especially in Jérémie and Les Cayes, at the Northern coast of the Southern peninsula of the country. Hospitals and hotels, as well as ports, bridges and routes are reported to have been damaged in Les Cayes and Jérémie, where churches collapsed while the morning mass was being celebrated. Search and rescue activities are concentrated in that area as there may be people trapped in the rubble. (IFRC, 14 Aug 2021)

While preliminary assessments are still in their very early stages, the Haitian Civil Protection General Directorate (DGPC) reports more than 700 collapsed buildings, including hospitals, schools and churches, and 2,410 destroyed homes in the department of Nippes and 1,368 in Grand’Anse, forcing at least 470 people to seek refuge in shelters, with thousands more thought to be displaced. DGPC also reports at least 304 dead and around 1,800 more injured, figures likely to increase significantly in the coming hours and days as more are still missing. (OCHA, 15 Aug 2021)

[...]1,400 people are dead and more than 6,900 others injured, while hundreds more are still missing. According to Haitian Civil Protection, more than 37,300 homes have been destroyed and 46,000 have sustained damages, leaving thousands homeless and creating pressing shelter and WASH needs. [...] The Government and high-ranking UN officials negotiated humanitarian access for a relief convoy to pass through the main road linking the capital Port-au-Prince to the country’s southern peninsula which, up to now, had been blocked by gangs for months, with further convoys set to deliver various supplies.(OCHA, 16 Aug 2021)

The death toll following the earthquake of 14 August has raised to 2,189 people while 332 are still missing, and more than 12,200 have been injured, as reported by the Haitian Civil Protection. At least 52,000 houses have been destroyed and more than 77,000 damaged. On 16 August, DG ECHO mobilised €3 million in emergency humanitarian funding to address the most urgent needs of the affected population. On 16 August, the Government of Haiti sent a request for international assistance to the EU Delegation in Port-au-Prince. France, the Netherlands, Spain and Sweden have already offered in-kind assistance via the Union Civil Protection Mechanism. An EU Civil Protection Team was deployed to support the national authorities and coordinate the incoming EU assistance. The mission will be supported by a Technical Assistance and Support Team from the Swedish Civil Protection (MSB). (ECHO, 20 Aug 2021)

More than two weeks after the devastating 14 August earthquake, humanitarian assistance is now beginning to reach those most in need faster, facilitated by enhanced Government-led coordination and robust efforts to negotiate increased humanitarian access into hard-to reach areas. [...] The combined impact of the earthquake and Tropical Depression Grace have left 650,000 thousand people in need of emergency humanitarian assistance, of which 500,000 are being targeted by UN agencies and humanitarian partners through the activities planned under the recently launched $187.3 million Flash Appeal. Based on an initial impact assessment, the Government estimates that damages from the powerful 7.2-magnitude quake exceed US$1 billion, as national authorities plan a more detailed assessment of damages, losses and post-earthquake needs in collaboration with the tripartite partnership comprised of the UN, the European Union and the World Bank as well as the Inter-American Development Bank. (OCHA, 31 Aug 2021)

More than three weeks after a devastating earthquake hit south-western Haiti, search- and-rescue efforts in the hardest-hit areas have been concluded as of 2 September, with efforts now shifting toward recovery operations as the country looks to pull itself out of yet another crisis. As of 4 September, search-and-rescue crews had extracted dozens of missing people from the rubble, including 16 trapped in a building in Les Cayes and 24 evacuated from Pic Macaya. The conclusive report from the Haitian Civil Protection General Directorate (DGPC) indicates that 329 people are still missing, while 2,248 were killed - including in the Nord- Ouest Department where 2 people died in Bassin Bleu - and 12,763 injured following the powerful 7.2-magnitude quake on 14 August. (OCHA, 7 Sep 2021)

[One month after the earthquake], the speed and efficiency of humanitarian relief operations continue to improve. However, as the Government and partners slowly transition to a recovery and reconstruction phase in many of the affected areas, coordinated efforts to get humanitarian assistance to those most in need continue to be hindered by a deteriorating security situation, restricted humanitarian access and limited communication with hard-to-reach communities, especially in rural areas which were most affected by the earthquake. The conclusive report from the Haitian Civil Protection General Directorate (DGPC) found that rural areas have been much harder hit than urban centres. [...] Despite coordinated efforts by humanitarian partners, many families in the most remote hard-to-reach villages have not received assistance, due in part to persistent access and at times security challenges, as many remote areas are only accessible by motorcycle, on foot, by air or sea. (OCHA, 14 Sep 2021)

Algeria: Wild Fires - Aug 2021

Affected country: Algeria
Glide: WF-2021-000115-DZA

Wildfires have been affecting the Kabylia Region in northern Algeria since 9 August. More than 70 fires have occurred in 13 prefectures in the north of the country including Tizi-Ouzou, Bouira, Sétif, Khenchela, Guelma, Bejaïa, Bordj Bou Arreridj, Boumerdès, Tiaret, Medea, Tébessa, Blida and Skikda. According to media reports, more than 40 people have died as a result of the fires. The Algerian government has requested assistance from the international community in response to the fires, including through the EU Civil Protection Mechanism on 11 August for two Canadair aircraft to respond to fires in the Tizi Ouzou and Bejaïa regions. According to the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS), the fire risk will remain high to very extreme over the affected area. (ECHO, 11 Aug 2021)

Fires raged in north and north-east of Algeria overnight on Monday 9 August 2021, and throughout Tuesday 10 August 2021, killing at least 69 people including 28 members of the People's National Army deployed as firefighters, rescuing over 100 people in Bejaia and Tizi-Ouzou. The governorates of Tizi-Ouzou, Bouira, Sétif, Khenchela, Guelma, Bejaia, Bordj Bou Arreridj, Boumerdes, Tiaret, Medea, Tebessa, Annaba, Souk Ahras, Ain Defla, Jijel, Batna, Blida and Skikda were affected by the fires. Algeria’s National Meteorology Office forecasted extremely hot weather through 12 August in nearly a dozen wilayas (governorates), including Tizi-Ouzou. The temperature was expected to reach 47 degrees Celsius in those wilayas, which are already suffering from severe water shortages. The Algerian Government mobilized the People’s National Army, dispatched 12 fire engines, and mobilized more than 900 firefighters to put out the fires and protect people and property. (IFRC, 18 Aug 2021)

Central African Republic: Floods - Aug 2021

Affected country: Central African Republic
Glide: FL-2021-000123-CAF

On 07 August 2021, torrential rain fell on Bangui and its surroundings from 2 pm to 10 pm. Ten (10) districts of the 6th arrondissement and six (6) of Bimbo were hard hit, as well as cities of Birao and Baoro, affecting a total of about 799 households (3,952 people). To date, there are a total of 721 households affected, i.e. about 3,605 people affected, including 389 men, 527 women, 2,589 children, 41 pregnant women, 151 lactating women, 18 elderly people. Several damages were observed, including 269 houses destroyed, 135 houses partially destroyed, 94 water wells destroyed, 107 latrines destroyed or flooded. (IFRC, 27 Aug 2021)

Tuvalu: Drought - Aug 2021

Affected country: Tuvalu
Glide: DR-2021-000120-TUV

Tuvalu is highly reliant on rainfall as the main source of fresh water. There are no rivers on the islands and groundwater is extremely limited ... Rainfall for the last three months in Tuvalu has been at the lowest 25 per cent in historical record, causing the regional Red Cross Red Crescent (RCRC) Early Action Rainfall (EAR) Watch to place Tuvalu at ‘dry warning’ level. Despite the national EAR Watch’s climate outlook forecasting normal rainfall for the coming months, the likelihood of Tuvalu proceeding to serious or severely dry conditions remains high. Preparedness and early actions are advisable given past and future seasonal data. Tuvalu relies almost solely on rainwater for consumption, indicating that continued monitoring and data collection would be of high value, as the situation can deteriorate rapidly.

Tuvalu National Drought Committee (DC) was activated on 5 July, and agreed to meet weekly to provide updates on both thresholds (rainfall received and government water reserves). The Ministry of Public Works established seven water distribution points which have been operational since 12 July on Funafuti, where all households are able to collect six buckets of water (approximately 60 liters per household per day) ... Worthy to note, the 2011 drought resulted in widespread sickness due to a decrease in handwashing, low household water reserves that increased pathogen concentrations, and a switch to untreated or less hygienic water sources. As Tuvalu is in its dry season till October, there is an impressed need to consider the early actions that may be required, and the data needed to implement those early actions, in support of the most affected islands that may face water challenges. (IFRC, 24 Aug 2021)

North Macedonia: Wild Fires - Jul 2021

Affected country: the Republic of North Macedonia
Glide: WF-2021-000109-MKD

Starting from 30 July 2021, the Republic of North Macedonia was hit by a heat wave that resulted in severe fires in several regions in the country. The fires have been raging for 16 days and are still not under control despite the enormous efforts of the state institutions responsible for crisis management as well as the local population. According to forecasts, the extremely hot weather is expected to continue until 25 August.

The hot weather and high temperatures resulted in intensive recurring fires in many regions in the country in the last 12 days. The severe fires in numerous regions resulted in devastation of forests, fertile land, crops and property of the population. One casualty and several injured persons (inhaling smoke) have been reported. Numerous houses as well as other facilities have burnt down and were damaged in many villages.

On 4 August 2021, the Government of the Republic of North Macedonia declared a state of crisis on the whole territory of the country for a period of 30 days. This is the trigger date for this DREF operation. There are still active fires in 3 locations as of 18 August. The situation cannot be predicted and may develop in different directions. The declared emergency situation in the country is currently until 30 August, with a possibility to be prolonged.

The most affected regions are as follows: Strumica, Kochani, Kumanovo, Gevgelija, Valandovo, Bitola and Prilep, Shtip, Berovo, Pehchevo, Delchevo Skopje, Radovish, Ohrid, Kriva Palanka, Veles.

The crisis management system of the country is coordinating efforts to put out the fires and to assist the affected population. Response teams from the Fire Brigade, the Crisis Management Centre, the Directorate for Protection and Rescue, the Army, and the Red Cross of the Republic of North Macedonia are coordinating efforts in the field in order to cope and respond to the crisis situation. However, due to the limited resources of the state for dealing with fires (no air tractors and only two army helicopters available for firefighting), an expansion of wildfires was observed almost on the whole territory of the country.

The Red Cross of the Republic of North Macedonia (RCRNM) with all material and human resources, in frames of its possibilities, is participating in the overall efforts of the state authorities to respond to the crisis situation. The overall Red Cross operation is coordinated by the RCRNM Operational Centre which is responsible for coordination of the activities of the national society with the state authorities and the Red Cross branches. The Head of the RCRNM Operational Centre participates on a daily basis in the coordination meetings of the Centre for Crisis Management in order to coordinate the work of the National Society with the state agencies working in the field on national and local level.

The weather forecast for the forthcoming days is extreme high temperatures with +40°C, which means that the situation with the raging fires would continue during the whole month of August. (IFRC, 20 Aug 2021)

Yemen: Floods - Jul 2021

Affected country: Yemen
Glide: FL-2021-000110-YEM

Floods have killed at least 14 people over the last few days after unseasonal rainstorms hit the majority of southern governorates. The rains are expected to continue in the coming two days. Local and international humanitarian partners are conducting assessments, but report logistical challenges in reaching those in need due to roads being cut. At least 1,000 households are in need of basic services, including at least 90 families in the Marib area and 400 in Taizz. The assessments and response are being coordinated by the Executive Unit (main point of entry for internally displaced people) and UN OCHA. (ECHO, 28 Jul 2021)

In late July, for the second time this year, torrential rains and widespread flooding hit Yemen, damaging infrastructure, destroying homes and shelters and causing deaths and injuries. Local media has reported that a bridge linking the alMusaimir area of Lahj Governorate with Ta’iz City was damaged. Authorities in Sana’a also reported that operations at several Al-Thawra Hospital units were temporarily suspended due to heavy rains. There were also reports of the authorities in Sana’a dispatching teams to rescue four people in two drowning incidents at Shahak dam in At Tyal District and Sayan dam in Sanhan District. The National Center of Meteorology (NCM) had issued a warning on 25 July of heavy rains and potential flooding in some areas. Alongside providing initial rapid response, humanitarian partners are conducting assessments in the affected areas to determine the extent of the damage to infrastructure and humanitarian needs. Regional Coordination Teams (RCTs) in collaboration with Clusters in the flood-affected areas are also tallying the figures of the affected people. To facilitate a swift response and to provide inter-sectoral assistance to affected people, humanitarian partners had operationalized a nationwide Flood Preparedness Plan. The plan ensures the continuity of life-saving assistance delivery to affected people and allows for a quick scale-up of the response where necessary. When flooding occurred between mid-April and June this year, partners delivered assistance through the rapid response mechanism and met needs for food, shelter and non-food items, health, nutrition, protection and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) assistance, while Camp Coordination Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster partners helped verify figures and continue working on flood mitigation measures at site level. (OCHA, 5 Aug 2021)

As of 12 August, an estimated 13,596 families were reportedly impacted by heavy rainfall and associated flooding across the country. The largest impact on displaced families was reported in Hajjah, Ma'rib, Sana’a, and Ta’iz governorates. Floods were also reported in Al Hodeidah, Al Mahwit, Sana’a City, Al Bayda, Al Maharah, Shabwah, Abyan, Ta’iz, Aden, Lahj, Ad Dali', Ibb, Sa'dah, Hadramawt and the Red Sea coast, reportedly causing losses of life and property. In Ibb Governorate, the main and secondary paved roads, which were overdue for maintenance, have been further damaged by recent heavy rains. Some key roads which have been poorly maintained, including the Ibb-Sana’a road, have sustained damage, affecting civilian movements including by increasing travel time, and adding additional logistical challenges for the movement of humanitarian personnel and supplies. Aid partners have identified a need to consider development interventions to rehabilitate key roads, including the Ibb-Sana’a road. (OCHA, 12 Aug 2021)

Starting in late July and continuing into early August, torrential rains and widespread flooding hit Yemen for the second time this year. Floods damaged public infrastructure, homes and shelters and reportedly caused multiple deaths and injuries. Damage to private property and other structures – including sites hosting internally displaced persons (IDPs), houses, farms, roads, power networks and sewage systems – was reported in one-third of Yemen’s districts – 101 districts – and across 18 governorates. Overall, it is estimated that 34,383 families (about 240,681 individuals) were affected, 10,412 of whom need urgent assistance. (OCHA, 5 Sep 2021)

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