Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

4 de agosto de 2020
Erasmus Mundus Master in Public Health in Disasters

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Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre. Facultad de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud. 7ª Planta
Campus del Cristo
33006 Oviedo - España
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Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

Desastres activos

Sudan: Floods - Jul 2020

Affected country: Sudan
Glide: FL-2020-000176-SDN

Heavy rains in Sudan have intensified over the past week, causing flooding, destruction of infrastructure, houses and livelihoods, and leading to displacement in multiple locations across the country. Khartoum, Blue Nile and River Nile are amongst the most affected states. Floods have also led to damages and affected people in other regions, including El Gezira, West Kordofan and South Darfur. In the Blue Nile State, the state with highest number of people affected so far, the Bout Earth Dam, in Tadamon locality, exceeded its full capacity and collapsed, following the strong rainfall received on 29 July. At least 12 neighbourhoods downstream in Bout Town were flooded due the incident, affecting around 3,900 people. Most of them were rendered homeless and are now sheltering with host families, as nearly 190 houses were destroyed and 590 damaged, according to Government’s Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC). More houses are expected to collapse, as the rains continue in a zone where the land is already extremely wet. (OCHA, 3 Aug 2020).

Myanmar: Floods and Landslides - Jun 2020

Affected country: Myanmar
Glide: FL-2020-000172-MMR

Floods have affected at least 14 IDP sites and townships in Rakhine State since 17 June. According to Camp Management Committees, rising waters have submerged shelter and latrines in Taung Paw IDP camp in Myebon Township, and Kyauk Ta Lone camp in Kyaukpyu Township. Both camps together host around 4,000 IDPs. Floods have also affected the Rat Chaung camp in Myebon Township hosting some 400 IDPs and Mya Ta Zaung camp in Mrauk U Township hosting 1,100 people. Elderly people, children and pregnant women in the Rat Chaung have reportedly been evacuated to a nearby monastery. Ahead of the monsoon season, OCHA and partners have prepared a contingency plan and stock list in support of the Rakhine State Government. - (OCHA, 23 Jun 2020)

A total of 4,000 households of 20,000 people in Mandalay are affected by the rapid onset flood that was caused by a broken geological sedimentary dike on 19 July 2020. The villages in rural area of Amarapura experience flooding from time to time due to its proximity to Ayeyarwady River that rises during heavy rains. However, in July 2020, the water level of Ayeyarwady River has risen to emergency level especially in Amarapura township. The flood situation worsened when a dike broke near Sagaing-Mandalay Highway on evening of 19 July 2020. The event caused a sudden rise of water level downstream in nearby township and villages. About 200 household were immediately evacuated in response to this. (IFRC, 27 Jul 2020)

According to the Department of Disaster Management (DDM), over 25,000 people have been displaced due to floods in Mandalay, Magway and Sagaing regions, and Kachin State. In Kachin state, nearly 7,750 people in nine townships were displaced between 11 and 27 July. 46 temporary shelters currently host around 6,650 people, while only few have been able to return to their homes. On 19 July, a dyke breach in Mandalay region affected some 16,000 people. Temporary shelters for the displaced population have been set up in Amarapura Township, in the southern part of Mandalay city. DDM is providing cash and food assistance, while humanitarian partners are providing hygiene parcels and masks. (OCHA, 29 Jul 2020)

On 30 July, more widespread floods due to the overflow of the Ayeyarwady River in Sagaing Region resulted in more casualties and prompted the evacuation of 6.5K more people from 1.5K households. As of 02 Aug, a total of 63.5K people have been affected by floods in Kachin, Sagaing, Magway, Mandalay, and Bago, Myanmar. (AHA Centre, 3 Aug 2020)

Nepal: Floods and Landslides - Jul 2020

Affected country: Nepal
Glide: FL-2020-000165-NPL

On 3-4 July, heavy rain triggered several landslides across central and western Nepal, resulting in at least 8 fatalities and extensive damage. On 3 July, a landslide occurred in Gulmi District (Province No. 5) killing 2 people and leaving 3 others missing. In addition, 3 people were injured, and 48 families have been displaced after several landslides occurred in Gulmi. On 4 July, a landslide event in Bajhang (Sudurpashchim Pradesh Province), left 6 people dead and one person missing. At least 400 citizens have been displaced. ECHO, 06 July 2020

The monsoon rain in different parts of the country since the last week of June have triggered flooding and landslides in many parts of the country. However, the rainfall became more intense from the night of 8 July 2020. The Nepal Department of Hydrology and Meteorology has predicted that rainfall will be further intensified from 12 to 14 July 2020 with increased water flow and current in rivers resulting in possible landslide and flooding. As of 11 July 2020, 54 people have lost their lives, mostly due to landslide in hilly districts, with at least another 54 missing. On 10 July alone, 23 people lost their lives due to landslides and floods in Myagdi, Lamjung, Kaski, Rukum West, Jajarkot and Gulmi districts. According to the NRCS situation report as of 11 July 2020, 412 families have been displaced in various districts and some 141 houses are fully destroyed. There are crucial needs for tarpaulins and food items in the affected districts. In addition, in case if there is possible inundation in the terai region due to the excessive rainfall, there is a high risk of waterborne disease outbreaks. (IFRC, 12 Jul 2020)

Following widespread floods and landslides triggered by monsoon rain that has been affecting several Districts of the country since the last week of June, the number of casualties and damage is increasing. The worst-hit Districts are Parbat, Lamjung, Gorkha, Kalikot, Syangaja, Gulmi, Bajhang, Darchula, Bajura, Sindhupalchok, Kasi, Myagdi and Jajarkot. According to the last report of the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Authority, as of 12 July, 82 people died, at least 40 are missing and 77 were injured. In addition, 603 families have been displaced, 1,199 affected and approximately 532 houses destroyed or damaged. The Nepal Disaster Risk Reduction Portal reports 74 landslides and 15 flood events over the last week. (ECHO, 13 Jul 2020)

Several provinces in Nepal have experienced flooding and landslides since 9 July as a result of heavy monsoon rains. As of 14 July, 46 people are known to have died with a further 63 people missing and 85 injured. More than 1,500 families are also reported to have been displaced and at least 400 houses have been completely or partially destroyed. Local and provincial governments, and District Disaster Management Committees are involved in search and rescue and are providing relief assistance. The Nepal Red Cross Society are distributing NFIs to displaced people in affected areas. Heavy rain is forecasted for the next two days with warnings for further flooding, especially in Provinces 1 and 2. (OCHA, 14 Jul 2020)

As of 15 July, the Disaster Risk Reduction Authority in Nepal (DRR) reports, 116 fatalities and 50 missing people. At least 138 citizens were injured and about 616 families remain affected. According to initial assessment, around 300 houses were damaged. Several communities remain isolated, as the road infrastructure leading to the disaster sites remains blocked by debris, and relief operations have been affected by bad weather. On 15-16 July, light to moderate rain is forecast over most of Nepal and locally heavy rain is expected over Province 1, Gandaki Province, Karnali Province, and Sudur Pashchim Province. (ECHO, 15 Jul 2020)

As of 16 July, at least 101 people are reported to have died, about 53 people are missing, and at least 96 people have been injured. (OCHA, 17 Jul 2020)

Monsoon rains have resulted in flooding and landslides in several municipalities across the country. Access remains the biggest challenge as many of the remote areas affected by landslides are only accessible with helicopters at present. Another key issue is the depletion of PPE supplies, in particular masks, and the need to ensure minimum availability of protective equipment for ‘frontline workers’. With further rains and flooding possible, the HCT is discussing monsoon preparedness and scaling up coordination via the respective provincial-level focal points. (OCHA, 21 Jul 2020)

Since 27 July, widespread landslides triggered by heavy rain occurred in several Provinces of the country (Provinces No. 1 and No. 5, Sudurpashchim, Gandaki Pradesh, Gandaki, Karnali and Bagmati Pradesh), resulting in casualties and damage. According to the national authorities, 12 people died, 11 were injured, 40 families were affected and 17 houses damaged. For the next 24 hours, heavy rain is expected over most parts of the country, particularly across central and western Provinces. (ECHO, 29 Jul 2020)

The incessant rainfall from 28 July in Kailali district caused inundation which has affected hundreds of households. As of 29 July 2020, 141 people have lost their lives, mostly due to landslide in hilly districts, with at least another 57 missing. According to NRCS’s situation report as of 30 July 2020, 15,307 families (76,535 people) have been affected in various districts and 7,106 families (35,530 people) have been displaced. (IFRC, 31 Jul 2020)

Bangladesh: Floods and Landslides - Jul 2020

Affected country: Bangladesh
Glide: FL-2020-000161-BGD

Monsoon rainfall and onrush of water from hilly areas upstream have inundated districts in the northern and eastern areas of Bangladesh, causing extensive damage. Thousands of people in 7 districts of the country are marooned or displaced, and their homes flooded. Media report over 164,000 people marooned across Jamalpur District and Rangpur Division. On 30 June, the river water levels were above danger in 14 locations across the country. International humanitarian organizations are assisting the national government with preparedness measures, while relief items have been distributed to the affected communities. On 1-2 July, rainfalls and thunderstorms are forecast over north and east Bangladesh. Water levels are expected to rise further over the coming days (ECHO, 1 Jul 2020)

According to the Bangladesh Meteorological Department (BMD), due to strong monsoon, steep pressure gradient lies over the North Bay of Bengal. Maritime ports have been advised to host local cautionary signal No 3. Due to its influence moderately heavy to very heavy falls are likely to occur at many places all over the country. The National Disaster Response Coordination Centre (NDRCC) of Bangladesh reports that on 5 July, more than 15 districts are affected with a case load of 356,451 households representing more than 1.5 million people in these districts. (ECHO, 6 Jul 2020)

Earlier, during the last week of June 2020, BDRCS based on the forecast, has activated its Early Action Protocol (EAP) to support 3,800 households in three districts which have more than 25 per cent of household assets damaged. After showing a slight improvement last week, the flood situation has deteriorated again as major rivers in the country are flowing above the danger level. According to the current forecast, this flood has 50 per cent chances to cross 1 in 10 years on 21 July. Thousands of people in low-lying areas are witnessing the second phase of floods this season due to rise of water levels of major rivers in the country. (IFRC, 13 Jul 2020)

Over a million people were marooned in dozens of villages from 10 to 11 July 2020 as roaring rivers swept away embankments in the districts where some of the embankments were already under water since 26 June. Thousands of people are expected to leave their homes throughout the beginning of this week to seek shelter in higher grounds as the Water Development Board warned that the onrush of water from upstream would further intensify. (IFRC, 13 Jul 2020)

Monsoon rainfall and onrush of water from hilly areas upstream have inundated districts in the northern and eastern areas of Bangladesh, causing extensive damage. The situation is still evolving and yet to reach its peak. The National Disaster Response Coordination Centre (NDRCC) of Bangladesh reported that as of 13 July more than 15 districts with some 1.3 million people are affected. NDRCC also informed that more than 280,000 people are marooned in flood water. On 11 July, the final activation trigger for the Anticipatory Action Pilot 2020 was reached, initiating cash assistance, interventions to support food security and agriculture, and ensure continued access to lifesaving SRHR, GBV and PSS services. (OCHA, 14 Jul 2020)

As of 16 July, a total of 2,246,472 people in 18 districts are affected by fresh floods, and six people have died. Total 1,086 flood shelters are opened in 18 districts and 55,930 people have taken refuge there. New flooding areas in Nilphamari, Jamalpur, Kurigram, Lalmonirhat, Sylhet, Sunamganj, Natore, Gaibandha, Bogra, Netrokona, Feni, Habiganj, and Sirajganj were inundated further due to overflow of major rivers on 13 July. As the flood inundated many low-lying areas in northern and north-eastern regions over the past few days, marooned people have set up basic shelter on embankments, roads, highland and flood centres with their domestic animal and valuables. (IFRC, 17 Jul 2020)

According to National Disaster Response Coordination Center (NDRCC) report issued on July 17, 18 districts (Lalmonirhat, Kurigram, Gaibandha, Nilphamari, Naogaon, Rangpur, Sirajganj, Bogra, Jamalpur, Tangail, Netrokona, Rajbari, Faridpur, Madaripur, Manikganj, Feni, Sunamganj, Sylhet) of Northern, NorthEastern and South-Eastern Bangladesh are most affected due to continuation of weeklong monsoon rains in the upstream regions and throughout the country. The flood situation is currently worsening in those districts where roads are cut off and hundreds of thousands of people are stranded. NDRCC preliminary report inform that 2.4 million people are affected in the 18 district and 548,816 families lost their houses. (UNRC, 18 Jul 2020)

Flooding in Bangladesh continues to grow more severe, with about 1.4 million people currently affected. Current estimates indicate that nearly half of all districts in the country will be affected in the coming weeks. (OCHA, 17 Jul 2020)

Monsoon rain continues to hit Bangladesh. According to media, the number of fatalities has reached 67. Thousands of people in low-lying areas are affected by flood or landslide events. Approximately 56,000 people were displaced to 1,086 flood shelters across 18 Districts. Road communication in some areas was damaged by floods, isolating several sub-districts. According to Flood Forecasting and Warning Centre (FFWC), the water level of major river basins is at severe flood risk in at least 3 localities, and at flood risk in 17 points across the country. Flood situation is likely worsen over north-west and central Bangladesh in the coming days, until the end of July. (ECHO, 20 Jul 2020)

According to the National Disaster Response Coordination Center (NDRCC), 2.4 million people are reportedly affected, and over 548,000 families had their homes flooded or water-logged. Flood protection infrastructures such as embankments and dykes are already damaged. The COVID-19 pandemic context creates further challenges to disaster response and recovery efforts as measures such as physical distancing need to be observed in order to minimize the risk of infections among the affected people, especially those in emergency shelters. (OCHA, 21 Jul 2020)

Official authorities reports, as of 25 July, 93 fatalities, around 3.3 million affected people, and around 732,000 waterlogged people across 21 Districts of the country. The worst affected Districts by the flood are the Jamalpur (Mymensingh Division) and the Sunamganj Districts (Sylhet Division). (ECHO, 27 Jul 2020)

As of 28 July, 4.7 million people are affected and 984,819 houses inundated. More than 150,000 ha of paddy fields were damaged, along with thousands of latrines and tube wells. As per the Needs Assessment Working Group report, 24% of the country is inundated, approximately 56,000 people have been displaced in 1,086 flood shelters. Several districts are isolated due to road communication damaged. Over 1,900 schools are damaged, leaving 807,467 children without access to education. (ECHO, 28 Jul 2020)

India: Floods and Landslides - Jul 2020

Affected country: India
Glide: FL-2020-000164-IND

Continuous monsoon rainfall has been affecting several parts of India, leading to an increasing number of fatalities and damage. The Ministry of Home Affairs Disaster Management Division (NDMI), reported 183 fatalities across four States (Assam, Kerala, West Bengal and Karnataka), 10 injuries in Kerala and three missing people in West Bengal. More than 59,000 people have been evacuated to 302 relief camps, approximately 1,400,000 people affected, and more than 9,000 houses damaged or destroyed. The India Meteorological Department issued a red warning for heavy rain, thunderstorms and strong wind in west Maharashtra, Goa, West Bengal and Sikkim States (ECHO, 3 Jul 2020).

Rain and widespread flooding due to the Southwest Monsoon continue to affect most of the States of India. The death toll reached 396 people across 11 States, mainly in central, western, and eastern parts of the country. As per daily report by the National Emergency Response Centre (NDMI), as of 7 July, 90 people were reported dead in West Bengal, 74 in Gujarat, 63 in Assam, 58 in Karnataka, 40 in Maharashtra, 22 in Madhya Pradesh, 20 in Kerala, 12 in Chhattisgarh, 8 in Meghalaya, 7 in Nagaland, and 2 across Punjab. NDMI also reported, 8 people still missing, 43 injured people, more than 37,500 displaced and more than 4,279,500 affected people across the aforementioned States. In addition, over 16,300 houses were reported damaged (ECHO, 9 Jul 2020).

According to ASDMA, as on 12 July, more than 1.2 million people in 23 out of 33 districts have been affected. 21,071 people are currently being hosted in 118 relief camps. Dhemaji and Barpeta are among the worst affected districts. In Arunachal Pradesh, at least 8 people were killed in flooding and landslides, in West Bengal, over 5,000 people were affected and 2,000 houses submerged in Jalpaiguri district. (ECHO, 13 Jul 2020).

The flood situation in Assam continues to deteriorate. According to the Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA) as of 15 July more than 3.5 million people in 26 districts have been affected. The death toll reported to stand at at least 66,249 people, the relief centres are currently hosting at least 36,320 people. Flood waters have also submerged 127,647 ha of cropland. (ECHO, 16 Jul 2020)

The death toll reached 470 people across nine states. The worst affected State was the West Bengal. [NDMI] reports, as of 20 July, 142 fatalities in Western Bengal, 111 in Assam, 81 in Gujarat, 46 in Maharashtra, 44 in Madhya Pradesh, 25 in Kerala, 19 in Uttarakhand, and 2 across Uttar Pradesh. The same source reported 91,950 displaced people and more than 6,085,400 affected people across the aforementioned states and Bihar. (ECHO, 21 Jul 2020)

In Assam more than 2.4 million people in 24 districts continue to be affected due to incessant rain and floods. 276 relief shelters are currently hosting 44,498 people. 113 deaths recorded since the onset of monsoons until 21 July. In Pithoragarh District (Uttarakhand), a landslide triggered by heavy rain occurred on 21 July resulted in 3 deaths, 6 injured and 11 missing people. In Bihar, heavy rain and surge of water from upstream Nepal have resulted in floods with more than 0.4 million people in 8 districts being affected. Darbhanga is the worst flood-affected district. (ECHO, 22 Jul 2020)

In Assam, more than 2.8 million people in 26 districts have been affected. 286 relief camps are currently hosting 47,213 people. The total death toll has risen to 115. On 22 April, the Union Government of India (GoI) announced approximately EUR 40 million in assistance for Assam, under the Flood Management Program (FMP) scheme. It is also expected to hold talks with Bhutan to solve the recurring flood problem in the lower parts of the state. In Bihar, the number of affected has increased to more than 0.7 million people in 10 districts with Darbhanga continuing to be the worst affected. Most rivers in the 2 states are flowing above danger mark. National and State Disaster Response Force teams have been deployed for undertaking search and rescue operations. (ECHO, 24 Jul 2020)

In Assam, on 26 July more than 2.4 million people in 23 districts remained affected. The death toll has reached 102 in the monsoons so far. Goalpara District is the worst hit with 470,253 people affected. 45,912 people are also taking shelter in 269 relief camps across 17 Districts. The flood situation further deteriorated in Bihar with 1.4 million people affected in 11 Districts. Districts of Darbhanga, East and West Champaran and Muzzaffarpur are the worst hit. 17 teams of the NDRF and 8 SDRF teams are involved in the rescue operations. (ECHO, 27 Jul 2020)

Heavy monsoon rain continues to affect northern parts of India since mid-June. According to the Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA), 1.3 million people across 25 of the 33 districts in Assam have been affected. 24 people have been reported dead and more than 27,400 people have been displaced and are staying in over 270 relief camps. Floodwater has inundated over 83,000 ha of crop area. The State Disaster Response Force (SDRF) along with the Indian Army have deployed for rescue operations. Humanitarian partners are currently carrying out rapid needs assessment in the affected areas. According to Caritas India, emergency support will include shelter, safe hygiene and clean drinking water to prevent the spread of water-borne diseases. (OCHA, 29 Jul 2020)

According to the National Emergency Response Centre (NDMI), more than 700 people died. At least 11 million people have been affected (of which 5,6 million in Assam State and 3,5 milion in Bihar) and approximately 352,000 displaced. National authorities and the Indian Red Cross Society (IRCS) are providing help for the most affected States, particularly Assam, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. (ECHO, 31 Jul 2020)

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Floods and Landslides - Jun 2020

Affected country: Bosnia and Herzegovina
Glide: FF-2020-000153-BIH

On 22 June, heavy rainfalls have caused rivers and creeks in North-eastern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina to swell and flood houses and roads along their banks, forcing many to fear for their lives and properties. The most critical situation is in Tuzla Canton where traffic has been stopped on the main road connecting the city of Tuzla with Sarajevo to the south and Orašje to the north while the city’s connection to the north-western town of Doboj is also jeopardized. On the afternoon of 22 June, the Mayor of Tuzla - at the proposal of the City Civil Protection Headquarters - made a decision to declare a state of natural disaster in the city of Tuzla due to the danger of floods and landslides, covering eight out of nine municipalities in Tuzla Canton (IFRC, 6 Jul 2020)

Ukraine: Floods - Jun 2020

Affected country: Ukraine
Glide: FF-2020-000156-UKR

Widespread floods triggered by heavy rain affected the western oblasts of the country (particularly Ivano-Frankivsk, Chernivtsi, Zakarpattya, and Lviv) on 22-24 June, resulting in fatalities and damage. According to media reports, 3 people have died in Verkhovyna District (Ivano-Frankivsk) and 800 people have been evacuated. At least 5,000 houses have been flooded in 187 villages across many Districts, roads and bridges damaged. (ECHO, 25 June 2020)

Since 22 June western regions of Ukraine: Ivano-Frankivsk, Chernivtsi, Zakarpattia, Lviv and Ternopil oblasts have been affected by floods. The Ukrainian Civil Protection reports 3 fatalities in Ivano-Frankivsk, more than 2,500 evacuated people and approximately 14,450 damaged houses. On 25 June, Ukraine submitted a request for assistance to the Union Civil Protection Mechanism (UCPM). Four Member States (Sweden, Italy, Denmark and Slovakia) offered and delivered assistance under the UCPM. Overall, the UCPM’s response fulfilled almost 50% of the entire Ukrainian request for assistance. On 6 July, Ukraine informed that the situation is improving and there is no further need for international assistance. In terms of forecast, on 7-8 July moderate to heavy rain is expected across central-northern Ukraine and southern Romania; moderate rain over western Ukraine, most parts of Moldova as well as over central and northern Romania. (ECHO, 7 Jul 2020)

Between 22-24 June 2020, Ukraine’s western regions have been ravaged by heavy rainfalls and flooding. The most affected have been western parts of the Ivano-Frankivsk, Chernivtsi, Zakarpattia, Ternopil and Lviv regions. Muddy, overflowing rivers washed away bridges and roads, flooded several dozen villages and cities, destroyed power lines and dams. Authorities of the affected regions consider declaring a State of Emergency given the impact on the infrastructure and damages caused in the houses. On top of the volatile flooding situation and possible continuation of the rainfall and widening of the riverbanks, the regions are also significantly affected by the COVID-19 outbreak. (IFRC, 10 Jul 2020)

Serbia: Floods - Jun 2020

Affected country: Serbia
Glide: FF-2020-000158-SRB

For two weeks before the date of the disaster, which occurred on 22-24 June, the Republic of Serbia was affected by heavy rainfalls. The most affected areas are Kolubarski, Moravicki, Raski, Zlatiborski, Rasinski, Toplicki, Jablanicki, and Pomoravski districts. 8 municipalities and cities reported on 22 June that were affected by heavy rain that caused flash floods and floods. It was reported that the municipalities of Osecina, Ljubovija, and Lucani are the most affected by heavy rain (more than 40 litres per square meter in 24 hours) leading to floods in the whole region. Rivers Jadar, Drina, Ibar, and local streams were spilled in Krupanj, Koceljeva, Trstenik, Osecina, Arilje, Lucani, Kraljevo. Agriculture fields and roads were flooded, accumulated water covered several rural roads and bridges.
Dozens of settlements in the Osecina municipality (Komiric, Bastav, Belotic) and city centre, were affected...In the 24 municipalities in which a state of emergency was declared, a total of 16,456 households were affected and 878 people were evacuated. Local self-governments and national government are engaging all capacities to recover infrastructure connection within cities and regions (rebuild broken roads, bridges, recover electricity and water supply, etc.). (IFRC, 10 Jul 2020)

Cote d'Ivoire: Floods and Landslides - Jun 2020

Affected country: Côte d'Ivoire
Glide: FL-2020-000154-CIV

Heavy rain has been affecting southern Côte d'Ivoire (particularly the area of the capital Abidjan) over the past 48 hours, triggering floods and landslides and leading to casualties and damage. Media report, as of 17 June, one fatality, several injured people, and a number of damaged buildings across the capital. (ECHO 17 Jun 2020)

Flash floods triggered by torrential rain occurred on 25 June in Abidjan Department (eastern coast of Cote D’Ivoire) leading to fatalities and damage. Media report at least 7 fatalities due to flash floods events. Major road infrastructure in Abidjan has been flooded and damaged, and several residents have been displaced. Moderate to heavy rain is forecast over central-eastern areas of the country on 29-30 June. (ECHO, 29 Jun 2020)

As of 6 July, at least 1,229 households with 8,256 people are affected by the disaster, losing their basic necessities, food, and household items. There are also at least 41 homes and 01 school destroyed, 32 persons injured, and an overall 16 deaths registered to date. At least 260 households (1,560 people) are also homeless and relocated to host families or temporary sites. (IFRC, 6 Jul 2020)

Mongolia: Flash Floods - Jun 2020

Affected country: Mongolia
Glide: FF-2020-000168-MNG

Flash floods occurred in several parts of Mongolia due to prolonged heavy rainfall which started since 17 June 2020 and is expected to continue until the end of July as officials stated. The rainfall is averaged to be 33-39 millimeters across the country and highest sum of precipitation was recorded to be 69 millimeters in Dzuunmod city in Tuv province on 21 June 2020 and 85 millimeters in Khutagt soum in Bulgan province on 8 July 2020. (IFRC, 11 Jul 2020)

On 3-4 July, flash floods triggered by heavy rain were reported over parts of Mongolia, resulting in fatalities and damage. Media report that 5 people died in Ömnögovi Province (central south Mongolia), and 3 fatalities occurred in Sükhbaatar Province (east Mongolia). Flash floods affected Töv, Khövsgöl, and Khentii provinces, causing damage to approximately 2,360 houses, and killing 7,000 animals. Moderate to heavy rain is forecast over central Mongolia on 9-10 July. (ECHO, 17 Jul 2020)

Flash floods have been occurring across the country at different scales due to prolonged heavy rain fall since middle of June and continuing till date. The rainfall is averaged from 50 to 60 millimeters across the country and the highest precipitation of 85 millimeters recorded in Bulgan province on 8 July 2020. Since 17 June, heavy rain and the resulting flash floods have damaged over 3,000 households and public infrastructure such as roads, bridges, electricity sub-stations. Several major roads connecting the following cities and towns were severely damaged: i) Khuvsgul to Bulgan province; ii) Tuv province to Ulaanbaatar city; iii) Arkhangai to Zavkhan province and iv) Murun city to Khatgal soum in Khuvsgul province. As of 16 July, these roads are being repaired and beginning to be accessible for transportation. In Uvs province, 556 people are stranded due to flash floods and have been sheltered in school dorms, hotels in Sagil soum. (IFRC, 17 Jul 2020)

The prolonged rain across the country affected both urban and rural areas in Mongolia. Approximately 13,875 people or 3570 households were affected with 10 casualties. Food security is becoming an issue due to damaged roads unable to transport the food items to the evacuated people. Uvs provincial emergency commission has gathered and discussing what necessary actions must be taken to bring the evacuated people home. Provincial emergency commission preparing to mobilize rescue helicopter to rescue people with immediate needs including pregnant women, people with chronic disease. (IFRC, 21 Jul 2020)

Tropical Cyclone Cristobal - Jun 2020

Affected countries: El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico
Glide: TC-2020-000146-SLV

Tropical Storm Cristobal made landfall in west of Ciudad del Carmen (Campeche State, eastern Mexico) on 3 June...According to media, one person died in Chiapas State, more than 200 houses and 3 hospitals were damaged across Campeche, Quintana Roo, Yucatan, Tabasco, and Chiapas States. In addition, at least 619 people, of which 508 in Campeche, were evacuated. Several landslides were reported in Chiapas, and 27 communication routes were damaged across the affected States. (ECHO, 4 Jun 2020)

Tropical Storm Cristobal was downgraded to a tropical depression, as it moves east-northeast over the Yucatan Peninsula...Cristobal is currently causing heavy rain, which triggers flooding and landslides across south Mexico and parts of El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, already affected by the passage of tropical storm AMANDA on 30-31 May. Cristobal is expected to move northwards over the Yucatan Peninsula as a tropical depression with maximum sustained winds up to 55 km/h. (ECHO, 5 Jun 2020)

EL SALVADOR: The Ministry of Foreign affairs requested international assistance, as Amanda and Cristobal affected 29,968 families, roughly some 150,000 people, mostly in the departments of La Libertad, Santa Ana, San Miguel and San Salvador.
GUATEMALA: Amanda and Cristobal caused excessive rainfall and high winds that left flooding and landslides around eastern and central-north Guatemala. The National Coordinator for Disaster Reduction (CONRED) reports that the storms collectively affected more than 394,000 people as of 4 June, rendering 881 people homeless while also causing two deaths. The storms damaged 880 homes and placed another 967 at risk. CONRED continues to lead the response, but with Guatemala’s mountainous terrain, there are still risks of extra flooding and land movement due to soil saturation.
HONDURAS: Amanda and Cristobal affected 249 families and led to five deaths in Honduras, according to the Permanent Commission for Contingencies (COPECO), who remains concerned with soil saturation increasing the risk of landslides and collapses.
MEXICO: Cristobal made landfall on 3 June off the southern gulf of Mexico’s Atlantic coastline, affecting municipalities across the states of Campeche, Chiapas, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz and Yucatán with landslides and floods. Civil Protection reports more than 2,000 affected homes and more than 1,500 people in shelters. There are no reports of injuries or deaths. National and local governments are responding to the effects with their own resources and capacities. (OCHA, 8 Jun 2020)

DR Congo: Ebola Outbreak - Jun 2020

Affected countries: Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Glide: EP-2020-000144-COD

The Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) announced today that a new outbreak of Ebola virus disease is occurring in Wangata health zone, Mbandaka, in Équateur province. The announcement comes as a long, difficult and complex Ebola outbreak in eastern DRC is in its final phase, while the country also battles COVID-19 and the world’s largest measles outbreak. Initial information from the Ministry of Health is that six Ebola cases have so far been detected in Wangata, of which four have died and two are alive and under care. Three of these six cases have been confirmed with laboratory testing. It is likely more people will be identified with the disease as surveillance activities increase. (WHO, 1 Jun 2020)

New genetic sequence analysis by [DRC]'s National Institute of Biomedical Research (INRB) has found that the newly-identified Ebola virus circulating in the Equateur Province in western DRC is different from the one which has infected more than 3400 people in the eastern part of the country. (WHO, 9 Jun 2020)

China: Floods and Landslides - Jun 2020

Affected country: China
Glide: FL-2020-000147-CHN

Following the flooding and mudslides events in southern and central parts of China since 2 June, the number of fatalities has increased to 20. The number of those affected stands at over 2.6 million, with 228,000 people displaced and 1,300 homes destroyed. According to media, one of the worst affected areas is Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, where 6 people died, 1 million people have been affected and 146,900 displaced. China has allocated a batch of disaster relief materials for southern Guangxi. Continuous torrential rain caused the Lijiang River to burst its banks in Guangxi Zhuang. More than 148 rivers across the country reached levels above flood warning. (ECHO, 12 Jun 2020)

Heavy rain, thunderstorms, and strong wind continue to affect south China (particularly Hunan, Guizho, and Jiangxi Provinces, and the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region) since the beginning of the "flood season" (early June), causing rivers to overflow and triggering floods, mudslides, and landslides that have resulted in casualties and widespread damage. Media report, as of 17 June, 63 fatalities including missing people, approximately 8.5 million of those affected, and around 500,000 displaced people across the aforementioned Provinces. The worst affected is the Guizho Province, with more than 700,000 affected people, and 8,000 damaged houses (of which around 100 destroyed). (ECHO, 17 Jun 2020)

Heavy rain has been affecting southwest China (particularly the Sichuan Province) over the past 48 hours, triggering landslides and floods that have resulted in casualties and severe damage. Media report, as of 18 June, one fatality, three missing people, 14 rescued, and more than 20,000 displaced due to a major landslide occurred in Danba County (Sichuan Province). Several damaged houses and blocked roads were also reported across the Sichuan Province due to floods triggered by the heavy rain (ECHO, 18 Jun 2020).

On 22-24 June, heavy rain was reported in Guizhou Province (south China), triggering floods and leading to fatalities. According to media, 3 people died, 10 houses were destroyed, and over 1,000 buildings were damaged. In Tongzi County (north Guizhou) 10,000 people were evacuated, and other 1,323 residents were evacuated across 22 villages in Huishui County. (ECHO, 25 Jun 2020)

Flooding caused by continuous heavy rain has been affecting south China, particularly Sichuan, Guizhou and Hunan Provinces, leading to fatalities and widespread damage. On 27 June, media report three fatalities, 12 people missing, and at least 7,500 residents evacuated in Sichuan Province. In Guizhou Province, approximately 74,000 people have been affected, and river water levels reached historic levels in several locations. Since the beginning of June, the official Chinese news agency (Xinhua), reports that at least 78 people have died or are missing, and about 12 million citizens have been affected. More than 8,000 houses were destroyed, and other 97,000 damaged. A red warning for rain was issued for Taoyuan County (Hunan Province) on 29 June. On 29-30 June, heavy rain is forecast over parts of southern China, including northern Huhan, northern Guizhou, and southern Sichuan (ECHO, 29 Jun 2020).

Torrential rain in the Yangtze river basin coupled with the release of floodwater from the massive Three Gorges hydroelectric dam upstream, have left major cities along the river submerged. At least 12 people died and more than 10 million people were affected by the floods. The worst affected area is Mianning county in the southwestern province of Sichuan, where the sudden flood had led to the evacuation of more than 7,000 people. Currently, 25 rivers in China have water above danger level, outside of the worst-hit provinces of Chongqing, Hubei, Henan, and Anhui. Wide areas of Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Hunan and other provinces have now also experience floods. On 28 June, the government declared a national emergency (ECHO, 30 Jun 2020).

Heavy rain continues to affect south China, leading to an increase in the number of fatalities and damage. The official Chinese news agency (Xinhua), reports that the death toll has risen to 19, and 3 people are missing after floodwater affected Mianning County (south-west Sichuan Province). In Anhui Province, a total of 40 counties and other regions have been affected by heavy rain, and 14,000 people have been displaced. Since the beginning of June, floods have affected about 12 million people in 13 provincial-level regions in south China. (ECHO, 6 Jul 2020).

Days of torrential rain triggered flood warnings across the country. As a result of the rainstorms, more than 100 people died or are missing. The Office for Flood Control raised the response level to 3 from 4 on its four-tier scale. 13,117 emergency response and rescue staff had been deployed to provide flood response. The authorities also opened spillways of a key reservoir for flood control in south-east Zhejiang province for the first time in 9 years, to lower water levels. The affected areas include Guizhou, Anhui, Hunan and Hubei provinces as well as the central city of Wuhan. (ECHO, 8 Jul 2020).

Since 6 July, heavy rain continues to affect east China (particularly the Jiangxi, the Zhejiang, and the Anhui Provinces), causing rivers to overflow and triggering floods, that have resulted in widespread damage. Media report, as of 9 July, approximately 399,000 affected and more than 18,500 relocated people across the Jiujiang Prefecture (Jiangxi Province). The Ministry of Emergency Management dispatched several work teams to various Provinces, including around 25,220 emergency rescue and relief workers to assist those affected across the Jiangxi Province (ECHO, 9 Jul 2020).

Since 7 July, heavy rain continues to affect eastern China (particularly the neighbouring Provinces of Jiangxi, Anhui, and Jiangsu), causing rivers to overflow (in particular the Yangtze River) and the Lake Poyang very high water level, triggering floods that have resulted in widespread damage. In Jiangxi Province, media report as of 13 July, around 5.2 million affected people, 432,000 evacuated, 154,000 people in urgent need of living assistance, and almost 1,000 damaged houses. In the Anhui Province, more than 260,000 people were reported affected and approximately 3,200 evacuated in 88 temporary relocation sites. (ECHO, 13 Jul 2020).

Tropical Cyclone Amanda - May 2020

Affected countries: El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico
Glide: TC-2020-000142-SLV

Pacific Tropical Storm Amanda struck El Salvador and Guatemala on 30 May, unleashing flooding and landslides. In El Salvador, 15 people have been killed and 18,622 families have been affected. Thousands have lost their houses, seeking refuge in shelters that have been habilitated for the occasion. The President has declared a 15 days long State of Emergency to deal with the impact of the storm. 2,500 food packages have been delivered to those affected and USD 2 million have been mobilized to assist 1,200 people sheltered around the country. In Guatemala, 44,086 people have been affected, 308 people have lost their houses, 589 people had been evacuated, 72 people are sheltered. National authorities in Guatemala and CONRED are giving assistance to affected people. Evacuations of affected population are aggravating the already difficult shelter situation across the region, with no adequate access to hygiene and sanitation facilities and no prevention measures in place to mitigate COVID-19 spread. The remnants of eastern Pacific Tropical Storm Amanda is forecast to move north-westward over the southeastern portion of the Bay of Campeche and a new tropical depression is likely to form within the next days. Heavy rain is likely to continue over portions of southern Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Belize, and west Honduras during the next few days. (ECHO, 2 Jun 2020)

After the passage of Tropical Storm AMANDA on 30-31 May, the number of fatalities has increased to at least 23 people, of which 16 in El Salvador, 5 in Honduras, and 2 in Guatemala. The total amount of those affected in the aforementioned countries are approximately 150,000. Humanitarian assistance has been delivered to the local population, and the affected countries continue to face the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as by the start of the rainy season in Central America. (ECHO, 3 Jun 2020)

El Salvador: The Ministry of Foreign affairs requested international assistance, as Amanda and Cristobal affected 29,968 families, roughly some 150,000 people, mostly in the departments of La Libertad, Santa Ana, San Miguel and San Salvador.
Guatemala: Amanda and Cristobal caused excessive rainfall and high winds that left flooding and landslides around eastern and central-north Guatemala. The National Coordinator for Disaster Reduction (CONRED) reports that the storms collectively affected more than 394,000 people as of 4 June, rendering 881 people homeless while also causing two deaths. The storms damaged 880 homes and placed another 967 at risk. CONRED continues to lead the response, but with Guatemala’s mountainous terrain, there are still risks of extra flooding and land movement due to soil saturation.
Honduras: Amanda and Cristobal affected 249 families and led to five deaths in Honduras, according to the Permanent Commission for Contingencies (COPECO), who remains concerned with soil saturation increasing the risk of landslides and collapses. (OCHA, 8 Jun 2020)

Tropical Depression / Storm Amanda has left over 119,000 people affected across El Salvador. Non-food items, food assistance, safe water, sanitation and hygiene items and services, as well as psychosocial support, remain critical for affected families, particularly for over 8,000 people in shelters. Through UNICEF-supported actions, 500 people in shelters have benefited from non-food items and critical supplies, water tanks have been installed benefiting 388 families, 15 shelters have received cleaning and sanitation supplies and 20,000 surgery masks have been distributed to the Ministry of Health for the prevention and control of COVID-19 in shelters. UNICEF El Salvador estimates that US$2,2 million will be required to provide critical support in WASH, shelter and child protection sectors, targeting over 35,000 people in shelters and affected communities. (UNICEF, 10 Jun 2020)

Cuba: Severe Local Storm - May 2020

Affected country: Cuba
Glide: SS-2020-000143-CUB

On 25 to 26 May, a severe local storm brought tornados, hail falls, waterspouts and linear winds over 92 km/h. A tornado event was registered in the province of Santi Spiritus with winds of 120 km/h. According to the Provincial Meteorological Centre in Sancti Spiritus the tornado was the most visible event of larger severe storms affecting the area. Other severe local storms also significantly impacted the Provinces of Villa Clara, Ciego de Avila and Camaguey. The severe local storms added to heavy rains registered in the country between 20 and 26 May in the Central Provinces of Cuba: Camaguey, Cienfuegos, Sancti Spiritus and Villa Clara. As a result, flood events were reported in the area due to the intense weather events reported on 25 and 26 May. (IFRC, 3 Jun 2020)

West Africa: Locust Infestation - May 2020

Affected countries: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal
Glide: IN-2020-000139-NGA

FAO is seeking $50 million–$75 million for the control, surveillance of desert locust swarms and livelihoods support by December 2020 to help 17.2 million people in severe acute food insecurity (Phase 3+) during the next lean season (June–August 2020) in Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, the Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, the Niger, Nigeria and Senegal (Cadre Harmonisé, March 2020). This will entail 300 000–500 000 ha of land targeted for control operations; 10 million ha of land targeted for surveillance and 110 000–150 000 households targeted for livelihood support, of whom 75 000–100 000 are farming households and 35 000–50 000 pastoral households. (FAO, 21 May 2020)

Indonesia: Floods and Landslides - May 2020

Affected country: Indonesia
Glide: FF-2020-000140-IDN

During 21 to 22 May, heavy and intense rain has submerged 11 villages of eight sub-districts in Samarinda city, East Kalimantan province. In addition to the heavy rainfall, the flooding was triggered by a rise in water level at the Karang Mumus river and Benanga dam. Responding to this event, the mayor of Samarinda city has declared a 14-day emergency response period from 22 May to 4 June. As many as 12,651 households (41,837 people) have been affected, one person was heavily injured, and at least four people have died in the aftermath of the flood, while 605 people had been evacuated to safer places. Due to the COVID-19 situation, Samarinda City Disaster Management Agency (BPBD Kota Samarinda) decided not to establish IDP centres. The majority of the displaced are from Sungai Pinang sub-district, and as of 26 May, they had been evacuated to their relative’s houses. As of 27 May, 346 people were still displaced at PKK building (Pemberdayaan Kesejahteraan Keluarga, Family Welfare Movement). This number is expected to decrease as the water recedes (IFRC, 2 Jun 2020).

On 3-5 June, flooding was reported across several areas of Central Java Province, leading to damage. According to ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance (AHA Centre), two villages were inundated along the north coast of the Java Sea in Tegal City, damaging 187 houses and affecting 1,335 people. Flooding was reported also in parts of Pekalongan City, affecting at least 100 people. Flooding, caused by heavy rain and river overflow, occurred in Sorong City (West Papua Provnce), damaging approximately 100 houses and affecting 500 people (ECHO, 8 Jun 2020).

Torrential rains on 11-12 June have caused flooding and landslides in the provinces of Gorontalo and South Sulawesi. In Bone Bolango District of Gorontalo province, some 12,000 people were affected, and over 2,500 houses and other buildings inundated by the overflowing Taluda river. In Jeneponto district of South Sulawesi, landslides buried four residents on 12 June. Rescue teams were deployed to the affected area, but at least one person was killed and three others remain missing. Some 2,300 houses were damaged in Bantaeng Regency, South Sulawesi due to flooding. According to local government, the damage to houses, bridges, and roads is estimated at around US$2 million (OCHA, 15 Jun 2020).

Heavy rain affected several sub-Districts of Aceh Utara and Bener Meriah Regency (Aceh Province, northern Sumatra) over the last few days, causing the overflow of several rivers and leading to casualties and damage. The most affected sub-Districts are Nisam, Matangkuli, Pirak Timu, and Lhoksukon. According to the initial estimation collected by the Asean Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management (AHA), 358 people have been displaced and 121 households affected in Matangkuli sub-District (ECHO, 16 Jun 2020).

Heavy rain continues to affect Sumatra and Java, triggering floods and landslides and resulting in casualties and damage. According to the Asean Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management (AHA Centre), 10,560 people have been affected due to the overflow of several rivers in Asahan Regency and Simalungun Regency (North Sumatra Province). AHA centre and the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) report more than 3,408 affected people in West Java Province after widespread floods and landslides. In addition, houses, buildings and crops have been flooded, several roads blocked by water and debris. Local authorities of Tasikmalaya Regency are conducting damage assessment, dispatching help and evacuations for those affected (ECHO, 22 Jun 2020).

Flooding in Southeast Sulawesi continues to displace local populations. In Konawe, overflowing rivers temporarily displaced 2,000 people / 1,100 households. The local government declared an emergency response phase from 17 to 30 June and provided basic relief assistance (OCHA, 23 Jun 2020).

On 20-21 June, widespread floods triggered by heavy rain affected several areas in Tanah Laut Regency (South Kalimantan Province), particularly Kintap and Jorong Subdistricts, resulting in casualties and damage. According to the Asean Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management (AHA Centre), 2,186 people have been affected, some people evacuated and 525 houses damaged. (ECHO, 23 Jun 2020).

As of 25 June, floods in Kapuas Hulu Regency in West Kalimantan affected at least 150 households and 750 people, with more than 150 houses submerged as high as 50 cm. (AHA Centre, 25 June 2020). Flooding in West Kotawaringin Regency in Central Kalimantan Province also affected at least 136 households, where houses were submerged and village road access was cut off due to flooding. At least 680 people were affected. TRC BPBD of West Kotawaringin Regency conducted a rapid assessment and coordinated with related agencies. Kerabu village area experienced a slight decrease in water discharge due to floods that inundated settlements and roads. (AHA Centre, 25 June 2020)

Heavy rain affected several areas in the Provinces of Central Kalimantan and South Sulawesi since the last week, triggering floods and leading to casualties and damage. According to the Asean Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance (AHA), 1,069 people have been displaced and relocated in five evacuation centres across Lamandau Regency (Central Kalimantan) and 150 have been affected in Murung Raya Regency (Central Kalimantan). In Luwu Regency (South Sulawesi), 2,950 people have been affected over four Sub-regions/districts and three villages. The authorities of Lamandau declared the State of Emergency Response for 15 days starting from 25 June. The Rapid Response Team (TRC) and the local authorities are working closely in the evacuation process, providing help for those affected. Moderate to heavy rain is expected across the affected Provinces, particularly in Central Kalimantan. Since 27 June, high-intensity rain and improper drainage system is triggering flooding in Bolaang Mongondow Selatan Region, North Sulawesi Province. Early warning was sent to the affected areas. There were 220 houses inundated and 1,100 people affected. The local disaster management authority (BPBD) conducted assessment and coordinated with the local government (ECHO, 29 Jun 2020).

Heavy rain affected several parts of Sulawesi Island and Maluku Islands on 3-4 July, causing floods due to the overflows of the main rivers and resulting in casualties and damage. According to the Asean Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance (AHA), in Gorontalo Province (northern Sulawesi) 1,321 people have been displaced across Bone Bolango Regency, 2,991 affected and 895 houses damaged over Boalemo Regency. In Sula Islands Regency (North Maluku Province, Maluku Islands) 240 people have been displaced, 1,190 affected and 238 houses damaged. (ECHO, 06 Jul 2020).

Flash floods caused by heavy rain and strong wind in Sunggau District, West Kalimantan on 8 - 9 July, with water level reaching 1.5 metres high. At least 2 sub-villages (Gramajaya and Nekan), located in the cross-border area of Indonesia and Malaysia are affected. Although the water has receded, heavy rain continues to affect the area. Hundreds of houses along the river are damaged, inundated under water and covered with mud. 721 households or 2,690 people are affected and displaced to the surrounding safe places. No fatalities have been reported. (ECHO, 10 Jul 2020).

Floods have been inundated many areas in South Sulawesi and left post-flood debris and mud in height between 1-4 metres in Masamba, Baebunta and Sabbang subdistricts. Approximately 213 unit houses are covered by mud and debris, 10 unit houses have been washed away and at least 4,930 unit houses affected by the flash flood. About 4,202 households or 15,994 people have been affected with 21 fatalities and 23 people reported missing. The National Disaster Mitigation Agency reported that search and rescue operations were hampered by thick mud covering roads and houses. As of 15 July, at least 2,650 people have been evacuated. The number of those affected and victims may increase, as some villages are still not accessible. In addition, electricity, communication networks and water supply are completely cut off. (ECHO, 16 Jul 2020)

The Mayor of North Luwu has declared state of emergency in North Luwu, South Soulawesi, Indonesia for 30 days due to moderate and heavy rainfall that caused flooding and landslides in multiple locations in North Luwu. As of 17 July, at least 3,627 households (14,483 person) were reportedly evacuated, and 30 fatalities have been recorded while the search is on-going for 15 persons missing (data collection are still being conducted). (AHA Centre, 17 Jul 2020)

In South Sulawesi Province, following the widespread floods and landslides that affected North Luwu Regency over the last few days, the number of fatalities has increased to 38. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) reports, as of 19 July, 67 people are still missing, 51 have been injured and 14,483 displaced in the sub-districts of Sabbang, Baebunta and Massamba. Additional floods triggered by heavy rain have been reported in Sidengreng Rappang Regency (South Sulawesi Province) on 17 July, where four people died, three others have been injured and 3,640 affected. In South East Sulawesi, as of 21 July, 42 villages in 14 sub-districts located in Konawe district remain inundated with flood level ranging from 1-2 metres. Approximately 2,354 household or 5,678 people affected by the floods. Around 368 household or 1,211 people evacuated themselves in to 3 evacuation zones. Several paddy fields and various farms affected by the floods in 6 villages located in Konawe districts. Furthermore, in Sintang Regency (West Kalimantan Province), widespread floods affected approximately 72,000 people. (ECHO, 21 Jul 2020)

As of 24 Jul 2020 high intensity rainfall in Bolaang Mongondow Regency as well as the overflowing of the Salongo, Molibagu, and Tolondadu rivers caused flooding in Bolaang Uki, Tomino, and Helumo sub-districts according to Indonesia’s Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana. It is estimated that 18.847 households have been affected. (AHA Centre, 24 Jul 2020)

According to the authorities and the AHA Centre, more than 16,000 people have been affected, 253 displaced and 3,355 houses were damaged in Aceh Province (northern Sumatra). In Bengkulu Province (south-western Sumatra), 1,180 people have been affected and 236 houses were damaged. In addition, in Gorontalo Province (northern Sulawesi) 13,244 people have been affected, 453 displaced and more than 13,000 houses were damaged. Local authorities are providing help for those affected. (ECHO, 30 Jul 2020)

Heavy rain in South Bolaang Mongondow district, North Sulawesi province caused the Bolangaso, Toluaya, Salongo, Nunuka, Mongolidia, Milangodaadan rivers to overflow resulting in flash floods on 1 August. 11 villages in the subdistricts of Bolaang Uki, Tomini and Helumo are affected by the floods. At least 29 houses have been washed away, 64 houses are heavily damaged and 1 bridge broken. 1,327 households, or 4,308 people, are affected. (ECHO, 3 Aug 2020)

Tropical Cyclone Amphan - May 2020

Affected countries: Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand
Glide: TC-2020-000136-MMR

A deep depression over southeast Bay of Bengal has intensified into a cyclonic storm "Amphan" on Saturday, 16 May. The cyclone is currently located in the central Bay of Bengal and will track north, north-eastward towards India and Bangladesh. The system is very likely to intensify further into a major tropical cyclone in the next 24 hours. According to the latest forecasts, the cyclone will make a landfall on 20 May somewhere in NE India, West Bengal – Bangladesh coast. It is expected that it will bring strong winds, very rough sea conditions, storm surge and heavy rain across Odisha and west Bengal coasts. The Indian Meteorological Department has issued an orange alert for this region. A red alert has been issued for Gangetic West Bengal, which urges residents to take action to protect themselves from extremely heavy rainfall and severe winds. Bangladesh Meteorological Department has issued a Special Weather Bulletin and a warning alert as well. The Government of Odisha has identified 567 cyclone shelters, as well as 7,000 community buildings to relocate around 1.1 million people across 649 villages along the seacoast. The community based COVID-19 quarantine centres in coastal areas are being shifted to safe locations. The State and the National Disaster Management forces are in readiness. The Communities Working Group in Cox’s Bazar works on community level awareness in all 34 camps. (ECHO,17 May 2020)

As of 22 May, a satellite detected inundated areas around Kolkata, West Bengal, India. An International Water Management Institute map shows the inundation extent covering the city of Kolkata after the Super cyclone landfall on 20 May at 5:00 PM. The ESA Sentinel-1 image acquired on 22 May 00:04 which is a cloud-­penetrating satellite showing partial inundation (Orange) in the urban areas to large-extent and complete inundation in agricultural areas (pink) and permanent water (blue) which are severely damaged by Cyclone impacting the infrastructure and crop damages. (IWMI, 22 May 2020)

Thailand: A warning is in effect for high waves, flash floods and landslides in 14 southern provinces from 18-20 May as a result of Tropical Cyclone Amphan. Tropical storms have already damaged 1,305 homes in 11 upper provinces in northern, northeastern, central and eastern regions of the country. (ECHO,19 May 2020)

As of 19 May, tropical Cyclone AMPHAN has intensified into a super cyclonic storm as it continues north over the central Bay of Bengal, toward India's Odisha and West Bengal States and Bangladesh's Barisal Division. AMPHAN is expected to continue towards the Odisha coast, slightly weakening before making landfall over southern West Bengal on the morning of 20 May with maximum sustained winds of 190-210 km/h. The Needs Assessment Working Group (NAWG) in Bangladesh estimates that up to 14.2 million people in coastal districts are likely to be affected, with nearly 1.4 million displaced and up to 600,000 houses damaged. Evacuation from high-risk areas is to begin today and is already underway in high-risk areas in India. (ECHO, 19 May 2020)

Tropical Cyclone AMPHAN continues towards India's Odisha and West Benagal States and southern Bangladesh's Barisal Division. On 20 May at 0.00 UTC its centre was 195 km south-east of Bhubaneshwar City (Odisha), and 370 km south-southwest of Kolkata (West Bengal), with maximum sustained winds of 175 km/h. According to media reports, national authorities in India are evacuating 1.1 to 1.2 million people from Odisha and from West Bengal, 2 million in Bangladesh. AMPHAN should make landfall over southern West Bangal (approximately 50 km south of Haldia and 100 km south of Kolkata) on 20 May, with maximum sustained winds up to 160 km/h before weakening as it moves over eastern West Bengal and western and central Bangladesh on 20-21 May. A red alert for heavy rain and thunderstorms is in effect over West Bengal (India) and a storm surge and wind warnings over coastal districts of Bangladesh over the next 24 hours. (ECHO, 20 May 2020)

As of 21 of May, cyclone Amphan has made a landfall and it is crossing the West Bengal- Bangladesh Coast east of Sagar Island. According to the latest special weather bulletin of the Met Department of Bangladesh issued around 7.30 p.m. ,the cyclone currently lies over the coastal West Bengal and Sundarban on the Bangladeshi coast after making a landfall around 4 p.m. in West Bengal. It is likely to move in a north-northeasterly direction further and complete crossing the coast within the next 3-4 hours. Maximum wind speed within 74 kilometres of the Cyclone centre is about 160 kilometre per hour (kmph) rising to 180 kmph in gusts/ squalls. (Govt. of India, 21 May 2020)

TC AMPHAN made landfall between Digha (West Bengal) and Hatiya Islands (Bangladesh) on Wednesday 20 May as category 3 storm (Saffir-Simpson scale) bringing strong winds up to 185 km/h and heavy rain, damaging houses, crops and cutting power supplies to cities and towns already struggling to contain the COVID-19 outbreak. At least 14 people have been reported killed in India and 7 in Bangladesh. More than three million people have been evacuated to emergency shelters. After landfall TC AMPHAN was downgraded to a tropical depression, but is expected to bring heavy to moderate rain over the next 24 hours in the northeast Indian states, West Bengal and Sikkim, as well as in most of Bangladesh, including in the Rohingya refugees camps. According to UNICEF's reporting, the storm has put many people at risk, not only as a direct effect of floods and wind damage, but also given the potential spread of COVID-19 in crowded evacuation shelters. (ECHO, 21 May 2020)

At least 77 deaths in India and 25 in Bangladesh have been reported so far. Over three million people in both countries continue to remain in community shelters. Significant damage has been reported in thatched houses, standing crops, horticulture, fisheries, power and telecommunication facilities in cyclone-affected areas. Most areas remained without electricity and communication network and blocked roads limiting a rapid response. In Cox's Bazar, flooding and small landslides have caused damage to 300 shelters, blocked drains and damaged stairs, latrines and bridges. (ECHO, 22 May 2020)

In India, Odisha and West Bengal states were affected, with nearly 60 million people affected and at least 80 people killed in West Bengal alone. More than 700,000 people were evacuated across India and at least 80,000 homes have been damaged or destroyed. In Bangladesh, 10 million people were affected by Cyclone Amphan and at least 25 people were killed. An estimated 2.4 million people were evacuated ahead of the storm. According to preliminary reports, 330,000 houses were damaged, including 55,600 destroyed in the nine most affected districts. The cyclone led to the internal displacement of at least 100,000 people who are currently staying on embankments and with friends or relatives. Satkhira, Khulna, Barguna, and Patuakhali districts were most severely affected, with up to 1.2 million people highly affected in those four districts alone. (OCHA, 26 May 2020)

In Bangladesh, tropical cyclone Amphan has severely affected the livelihoods of at least 1 million people, destroyed houses and infrastructure, including irrigation facilities. According to initial Government estimates, the overall damage to housing, infrastructure, fisheries, livestock and crops was set at BDT 11 billion (USD 130 million). The most affected areas are located in the southwestern parts of the country, including the districts of Khulna, Jessore, Satkhira, Bagerha and Pirojpur, Barguna, Patuakhali, Bhota and Noakhali (FAO, 10 Jun 2020)

Although the path of the cyclone did not hit Cox’s Bazar, the effects of the cyclone nevertheless was felt in the refugee settlements in Cox’s Bazar, which received heavy rain and strong winds. The Bangladesh Cyclone Preparedness Programme (CPP) raised three flags as an alert sign for refugees in the Cox’s Bazar refugee settlements. The three flag was the highest alert level that refugees have seen for a cyclone since many of them first arrived in Bangladesh in 2017. Over 1,252 shelters were partially damaged and 159 shelters completely destroyed, temporarily displacing 144 households. In total, close to 6,000 refugees were affected by the cyclone. (UNHCR, 16 Jun 2020)

According to the rapid assessment report conducted in June 2020 by Indian Red Cross Society (IRCS), in West Bengal, India, 2.9 million houses were reported damaged. There was a need for supply of shelter kits, utensils, tarpaulins, lighting solutions for those who had fully or partially lost their houses. Heath facilities damaged in West Bengal by the cyclone included 563 primary health centres, 169 Block primary health centres and 5,142 sub-centres at the community level. The existing health systems were already overwhelmed due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and the damages due to the cyclone made this worse. The waterlogged areas with debris and other waste materials would accelerate the risk of water and vector-borne diseases. (IFRC, 23 Jul 2020)

Tajikistan: Floods and Mudslides - May 2020

Affected country: Tajikistan
Glide: FF-2020-000138-TJK

Continuous heavy rains resulted in mudflows between 14 and 16 May in Khatlon Province, Asadullo, 18th Hizb (former Partsyezd) and Pakhtaobod villages of Khuroson district, Ergash village in Kushoniyon district, Galaba Street of Vahdat town and Surkhdara village in Fayzobod district. In total, seven mid-scale mudflows and floods have occurred throughout Tajikistan. There were 338 households (1,690 people) heavily affected in Khatlon province (Khuroson district) and in Regions of Republican Subordination (RRS) Vahdat town and Fayzobod district another 11 households. At least one person was killed and another one person is missing as a result of natural disasters. Around 305 households were evacuated to neighbouring villages into safe places. The Government commenced relief operations in some affected districts and calls for assistance from in-country humanitarian partners (IFRC, 26 May 2020)

Typhoon Vongfong - May 2020

Affected country: Philippines
Glide: TC-2020-000134-PHL

As of 11 May, a tropical depression named Vongfong (locally named Ambo) was located about 400km east of Mindanao and was moving in a northwest direction. The Philippines weather bureau forecasted Ambo to intensify into a severe tropical storm in the next 48 hours and expected it to make landfall over the Bicol Region on the evening of 14-15 May. (OCHA, 12 May 2020)

Following initial landfall as a Category 3 typhoon in San Policarpo, Eastern Samar, just after noon on 14 May, Typhoon Vongfong (locally named Ambo) continues to bring destructive winds and heavy to intense rainfall as it moves northwest towards mainland Luzon. On 15 May, the eye of the typhoon carried maximum sustained winds of 125 km/h near the center and gustiness of up to 165 km/h making further landfalls in Northern Samar, Masbate and Quezon provinces.

The combination of high winds, sustained heavy rainfall and storm surges has impacted vulnerable communities in the Eastern Visayas, Bicol and Southern Luzon which were also heavily affected by Typhoon Kammuri (local name Tisoy) in December 2019. Regional authorities in Bicol report that over 300,000 people sought refuge in some 2,300 evacuation centers across the provinces of Sorsogon, Albay, Catanduanes, Masbate and Camarines Sur. About 15,900 people have preemptively evacuated in the provinces of Northern Samar, Samar and Eastern Samar. (OCHA, 15 May 2020).

As of 16 May, Ambo had slightly weakened but then maintained its strength as it continued to move north-northwestward over the West Philippine Sea as reported at 13:00 hrs. Ambo is likely to exit the Philippine Area of Responsibility on Monday (18 May) afternoon. (AHA Centre, 16 May 2020)

As of 18 May, at least 218,400 people were affected by Typhoon Vongfong in 173 cities/municipalities in 36 provinces of Regions Il, Ill, Vill, and CAR, and a total of 54 persons were injured in Regions III and VIII. The evacuation centers reported are now closed and there are no more displaced/evacuated people (Govt. of the Philippines, 18 May 2020).

According to initial reports, over 1,100 houses were destroyed and 6,300 were partially damaged in Eastern Samar Province, including nine health facilities and the only COVID-19 accredited testing laboratory for Bicol Region. It is estimated that more than 40,000 farmers have been affected by damages to farm land and production losses. Eastern Samar declared a State of Calamity and has requested the national government to activate quick response funds as local calamity funds were already depleted for the COVID-19 response. OCHA and partners of the inter-cluster coordination group are currently undertaking a remote assessment of the impact of the typhoon through local partners (OCHA, 19 May 2020).

As of 23 May, at least 578,571 people were affected by Typhoon Vongfong in 491 barangays in Regions I, II, III, VIII and CAR. And there were more than 3,600 people who took temporary shelter in 72 evacuation centers in Regions I, II, III and CAR. All evacuation centers are currently closed (Govt. of the Philippines, 23 May 2020).

As of 11 June, at least 141,450 families or 583,783 persons were affected in 560 barangays in Regions I, II, III, VIII and CAR. At least 973 families or 3,455 persons took temporary shelter in 66 evacuation centers in Regions I, II, III and CAR. All evacuation centers were reportedly closed. (Govt. of the Philippines, 11 June 2020)

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