Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

6 de febrero de 2023
Erasmus Mundus Master in Public Health in Disasters



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Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre. Facultad de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud. 7ª Planta
Campus del Cristo
33006 Oviedo - España
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Unidad de Investigación en Emergencia y Desastre (UIED)

Desastres activos

Zambia: Cholera Outbreak - Jan 2023

Affected country: Zambia
Glide: EP-2023-000013-ZMB

Ministry of Health declared the Cholera outbreak in Zambia in a Press conference on 26 January. The epidemic count of 21 cases registered from 21st to 30 January 2023 in the Vubwi district. On 27 January, there were 13 suspected cases, 6 confirmed, 12 admitted, 7 discharged, and one death. The Ministry of Health (MoH) has indeed declared the vigilance state to the population at risk (53,080 people) and requested all stakeholders to support the efforts to stop the spread of this outbreak. According to the minister, 719 people have been identified as contact persons in six villages. (IFRC, 3 February 2023)

Guinea-Bissau: Fire - Jan 2023

Affected country: Guinea-Bissau
Glide: FR-2023-000008-GNB

In the morning hours of January 14, 2023, a fire broke out in Menegue Village close to Canhabaque that destroyed dozens houses and along with food stock, crops and seeds. According to findings from a rapid assessment of Guinea Bissau Red Cross on 19th January, the fire incident has affected 295 Households (2065 people). IFRC, 1 Feb 2023

Zambia: Floods - Jan 2023

Affected country: Zambia
Glide: FL-2023-000014-ZMB

Heavy rainfall and thunderstorms have been affecting central-southern Zambia (in particular Southern, Central, Eastern, and Lusaka Provinces) since 11 January, causing severe floods and rivers overflow (particularly Luangwa, and Mkushi Rivers) that have resulted in casualties and damage. [...] Media also report several collapsed and severely damaged houses, a number of damaged bridges, and many isolated communities across the aforementioned affected provinces. Over the next 24 hours, more heavy rainfall is forecast over the whole country, with locally very heavy rainfall over the Central Province. (ECHO, 31 Jan 2023)

Uruguay: Drought - Jan 2023

Affected country: Uruguay
Glide: DR-2023-000010-URY

The lack of rainfall at the beginning of the year has caused a significant reduction in the availability and access to water in the country, which has also been affected by the presence of the La Niña phenomenon in the region. On Friday, 20 January 2023, the Uruguayan State, through National Emergency System (SINAE), extended a formal request to the Uruguayan Red Cross for support in the evaluation and possible response to the current drought.

According to SINAE, initial reports estimate more than 75,000 people affected by this emergency only in the five most affected departments of Tacuarembó, Cerro Largo, Florida, Lavalleja, and San José. Additionally, as per the information provided by the SINAE, the most pressing situation is related to the lack of access to safe water which is limiting the consumption and use of water, as well as maintenance of crops and livestock of approximately 1,300 families (5,200 people) located in these departments.

Since October 2022, the national government, through the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries (MGAP) declared a state of agricultural emergency for a period of 90 days for the entire country. In January 2023, the state of emergency was extended until the end of April and it was broaden to include livestock, dairy, fruit and/or horticulture, agriculture, poultry, beekeeping and forestry. (IFRC, 30 Jan 2023)

Mozambique: Cholera Outbreak - Dec 2022

Affected country: Mozambique
Glide: EP-2023-000006-MOZ

On 8th January 2023, the Niassa Daily Cholera Bulletin from the Ministry of Health (MoH) indicated an alarming increase in the number of Cholera cases in the province of the same name, which borders Malawi where the current cholera outbreak is worsening. At the time, Niassa province recorded 379 confirmed cholera cases and six deaths in Lago, 250 in Lichinga district with two deaths reported. As of 13th January 2023, the reports from MoH showed a cumulative caseload of 878 confirmed cases and 14 deaths. This is an 80% increase from the number of cases recorded on 21 December 2022, which was 409 cases confirmed with seven reported deaths.

To note, five provinces are facing the cholera outbreak or are at risk of experiencing it given the rate at which the outbreak is spreading. Concerned areas include the districts of Lago, Lichinga , Sanga, Chimbonila and Mecanhelas in Niassa province; the districts of Xai-Xai and Chilaulene in Gaza province; Tete province; Zambezia province and the districts of Caia and Buzi in Sofala province. A similar risk is also considered in other surrounding countries, mainly Malawi, Zimbabwe, Tanzania and Zambia. [...] The upcoming rainy season further poses a threat of the disease spreading nation-wide. Given the surge in cases with the floods season ahead, there is a high risk to exacerbate the Cholera situation and overall humanitarian situation in the coming weeks, until the end of the rain and cyclone season. (IFRC, 24 Jan 2023)

Tropical Cyclone Cheneso - Jan 2023

Affected country: Madagascar
Glide: TC-2023-000012-MDG

After moving across northern and central-western Madagascar, CHENESO has reached the Mozambique Channel. On 24 January at 7.00 UTC, its center was located on the sea, about 180 km west of coastal Morondava City (Menabe Region, central-western Madagascar, with maximum sustained winds of 74 km/h. To date, the reported humanitarian impact caused by the passage of CHENESO includes three fatalities, 14 missing people and 17,129 affected people across 9 regions as reported by the National Bureau of Risk and Disaster Management (BNGRC). The number of displaced people has increased to 8,334 material damage has been reported to 5,600 flooded houses. However, heavy and persistent rainfall continues across Madagascar. The national Met-Service had issued a red Flood Watch for several river basins in the Northwest and Southeast of the country. Over the next three days, CHENESO is expected to intensify, while moving south over the Mozambique Channel, not far from the Malagasy coast. (ECHO, 24 Jan 2023)

The humanitarian impact continues to increase over northern and central Madagascar, due to the passage of CHENESO as a tropical storm on 19-23 January. According to [BNGRC], seven people have died and 13 others are missing. Approximately 14,400 individuals have been temporarily displaced to 55 accommodation sites, while up to 35,000 people have been affected. Widespread damage has been reported to nearly 10,570 houses, and about 100 classrooms, disrupting access to education for a number of students. Several communities in northern and central Madagascar have been isolated, as roads have been damaged by floods or landslides. Tropical cyclone CHENESO continues to strengthen, and on 25 January at 1.00 UTC, its centre was located on the Mozambique Channel, about 135 km west of coastal Morondava City (Menabe Region, central-western Madagascar). Over the next three days, CHENESO is expected to intensify, while moving south over the Mozambique Channel, not far from the Malagasy coast. On 25-26 January, light to moderate rainfall is expected over north-western, central-western, and south-eastern Madagascar. (ECHO, 25 Jan 2023)

Madagascar is still impacted by the passage of CHENESO as a tropical storm on 19-23 January, resulting in at least 16 fatalities, and 19 missing people, as reported by [BNGRC]. The number of temporarily displaced people stands at 26,000 individuals, while about 55,000 people have been affected, as material damage includes 13,350 houses, 18 medical centres, and more than 100 classrooms. Many settlements continue to be isolated. The centre of tropical storm CHENESO was located on 27 January at 7.00 UTC on the Mozambique Channel, about 160 km of south-western Madagascar. (ECHO, 27 Jan 2023)

After the passage of tropical cyclone CHENESO on 19-23 January, the figures of affected people continue to increase as the water level is rising in the South-Western parts of the country. Access to the affected people remains a challenge. At least 33 people died and 20 others are reported as missing across 17 regions of Madagascar, after floods, landslides, and strong winds caused by the passage of tropical cyclone CHENESO on 19-21 January. The National Bureau of Risk and Disaster Management (BNGRC) reports there are more than 34,100 temporarily displaced individuals, as the number of affected people has reached 90,870.(ECHO, 1 Feb 2023)

Republic of Congo: Floods - Dec 2022

Affected country: Congo
Glide: FL-2023-000001-COG

Since September 2022, heavy rains and strong winds have caused flooding as well as the destruction of homes and thousands of hectares of plantations in the departments of Likouala, Sangha, Cuvette and Plateaux. 164,679 people have been affected by the floods, displaced and sheltered in the forests, makeshift shelters and many are in perpetual search of a refuge. The consequences of these floods are compounded by the successive impact of the rains on the communities that are repeatedly affected throughout the rainy seasons since October 2019 for the 4 most affected departments. [...] On December 30, 2022 , the Ministry of Social Affairs, Solidarity and Humanitarian Action sent a letter to the Congolese Red Cross in order to request assistance for the benefit of the victims of the 2022 floods which identified needs are very broad. (IFRC, 20 Jan 2023)

Chile: Wild Fires - Dec 2022

Affected country: Chile
Glide: FR-2022-000384-CHL

In the afternoon of 22 December, a fire started in native forest areas in the upper part of the city of Viña del Mar (Valparaíso Region), 120 km from Santiago, Chile. On 25 December, the fire was brought under control and a yellow alert was declared for Viña del Mar. The national state maintains the state of emergency because there are still forestry fighters working in the area and the fires have caused great structural damage. So far, a total of 2,455 people (491 families) have been affected, 371 houses were completely destroyed, 312 people were injured and 2 people died. The affected families have lost the entire structure of their homes but also basic subsistence items and animals. (IFRC, 10 Jan 2023)

South Africa: Floods - Dec 2022

Affected country: South Africa
Glide: FL-2022-000382-ZAF

Parts of Gauteng Province and North West Province were negatively affected by recent floods that hit parts of Soweto, Erkhuleni, Johannesburg, Vereeniging, Brakpan (Gauteng Province), and Rustenburg, Bojanala (North West Province) on 10-11 December 2022. More than 40,000 people have been affected so far. (IFRC, 27 Dec 2022)

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Floods - Dec 2022

Affected country: Bosnia and Herzegovina
Glide: FL-2022-000378-BIH

On 12 December 2022, heavy rainfall in Bosnia and Herzegovina caused rivers overflow, leading to flooding of local infrastructure, facilities and more than 300 households at the north-west of the country. By the following day, the water receded from most of the buildings and yards, but more precipitation, rain and snow were expected, risking further spillover from the river. Sanski Most, Bihać and Bosanska Krupa municipalities declared state of emergency due to natural disaster. (IFRC, 27 Dec 2022)

Philippines: Floods and Landslides - Dec 2022

Affected country: Philippines
Glide: FL-2022-000385-PHL

On 19-20 December, heavy rainfall affected parts of the Bicol Region (central-eastern Brazil), causing floods, triggering landslides and resulting in widespread damage. According to the ASEAN Disaster Information Network (ADINet) and national authorities, more than 7,650 people have been displaced and most of them evacuated in 120 evacuation centres while almost 15,900 people have been affected. In addition, 86 sections of road have been interrupted and 11 cities experienced power cuts. (ECHO, 22 Dec 2022)

Since 25 December 2022, shear line and floods have affected Visayas, the northern portion of Mindanao and Luzon in Philippines. The most affected area is Misamis Occidental, which has been declared state of calamity. Around 136,357 people (44,282 families) in 385 Barangays are affected. 13 persons are reported dead, 6 injured and 23 persons missing. Around 45,337 people (10,536 families) have stayed in 87 evacuation centres (ECs). Around 3,376 families have taken temporary shelters outside ECs or with relatives. 534 damaged houses were reported in Regions VIII, IX, X, MIMAROPA, and BARMM. 110 road sections and 4 bridge sections have been affected (15 roads and 3 bridges still not passable) and 56 cities/municipalities experienced power outage. The government continues to publish warnings and advisories for shear line. Search, Rescue, and Retrieval operations and damages assessments are ongoing. The Philippine Red Cross is on the ground providing health, food, hygiene promotion, and rescues assistance. (ECHO, 28 Dec 2022)

According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), as of 2 February, 51 people died, 19 are still missing, and 16 have been injured. In addition, almost 50,000 people are still displaced, and most of them evacuated in 78 evacuation centres. Approximately 600,000 people have been affected. The regions with reported fatalities are Mimaropa (1 fatality), Bicol (9), Eastern Visayas (5), Zamboanga Peninsula (4), Northern Mindanao (25), Davao Region (4) and Caraga (3). (ECHO, 3 Jan 2023)

According to the ASEAN Disaster Information Network (ADINet), in Lanao del Norte Province (Northern Mindanao Region), one person died, almost 1,900 people have been displaced, and more than 5,700 were affected following widespread floods. In the Provinces of Davao de Oro and Davao del Norte (Davao Region), 130 people have been displaced, and approximately 15,300 people have been affected by floods and landslides. Furthermore, 7,495 people in Maguindanao (BARMM Region), and 3,275 others in Mimaropa Region have been affected by floods. (ECHO, 5 Jan 2023)

Heavy rainfall has been affecting northern Philippines (in particular Calabarzon, Central Luzon, and Cagayan Valley regions in Luzon Island) since early January, causing floods and landslides that have resulted in evacuations and damage. The ASEAN Disaster Information Network (ADINet) reports, as of 9 January, more than 14,200 evacuated people, 11 damaged roads and a total of over 103,000 affected people across Central Luzon (the worst affected Region) due to floods. Tha same source also reports 343 evacuated people in Calabarzon and 254 evacuated people in Cagayan Valley due to floods and a number of landslides. (ECHO, 9 Jan 2023)

Since the past week, heavy rain and strong winds, (due to the combined effects of low-pressure area, northeast monsoon, and shearline), have been affecting several parts of the Philippines, causing floods, landslides, and severe weather-related events that resulted in an increasing number of casualties and damage. The most affected regions are Cagayan Valley, Central Luzon, Calabarzon, Mimaropa, Bicol, Western Visayas, Eastern Visayas, Zamboanga Peninsula, Northern Mindanao, Davao Region, and BARMM. According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), 17 people have died, seven have been injured, and two people are still missing. Almost 6,000 people have been evacuated in 123 evacuation centres, and approximately 524,000 were affected. On 12 January at 19.00 UTC, the low-pressure area was estimated approximately 140 km east of Hinatuan, Surigao del Sur (Mindanao), while the northeast monsoon is affecting Northern and Central Luzon. (ECHO, 13 Jan 2023)

Heavy rain and strong winds - due to the combined effects of low pressure area, northeast monsoon, and shearline - continue to hit several parts of the Philippines, causing floods, landslides, and severe weather-related events that resulted in an increasing number of casualties and damage. The most affected regions are Cagayan Valley, Central Luzon, Calabarzon, Mimaropa, Bicol, Western Visayas, Eastern Visayas, Zamboanga Peninsula, Northern Mindanao, Davao Region, Soccsksargen, Caraga and Barmm. According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), 33 people have died, 12 have been injured, and seven people are still missing. (ECHO, 20 Jan 2023)

Almost 2 million people have been affected by heavy rain and strong winds due to the combined effects of low-pressure area, the northeast monsoon, and shear line across 14 regions of the country. Nearly 122,000 people have been displaced, of which 92,118 were served inside 358 evacuation centres, and approximately 1,800 houses have been damaged or destroyed. (ECHO, 23 Jan 2023)

The number of casualties and affected people continues to increase following heavy rain and strong winds due to the combined effects of low-pressure area, the northeast monsoon, and the shear line across 14 regions of the Philippines. According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC), 43 people have died, 11 have been injured, and eight people are missing. In addition, almost 111,300 people have been displaced, of which 83,723 were served inside 297 evacuation centres, and more than two million people have been affected (of which more than 1 million in Eastern Visayas Region). (ECHO, 30 Jan 2023)

Malaysia: Floods and Landslides - Dec 2022

Affected country: Malaysia
Glide: FL-2022-000379-MYS

Heavy rainfall has caused floods across southern Malay Peninsula (Malaysia) and northern Sumatra (Indonesia), as reported by ASEAN Disaster Information Network (ADINet). In Malaysia, 2,550 people have been displaced to 29 evacuation centres across the states of Johor, Kelantan, Pahang, Perak, and Terengganu. (ECHO, 12 Dec 2022)

A landslide occurred on the late evening of 15 December in Batang Kali Town (Selangor state, Peninsular Malaysia), approximately 50 km north-east of Kuala Lampur capital city. According to the National Disaster Management Agency (NADMA), 16 people have died and 17 others are missing as search and rescue operations continue. Authorities have rescued more than 60 individuals. (ECHO, 16 Dec 2022)

Northeast Monsoon have caused a series of floods and landslides in several states. As of 19 December 2022, a total of 81 flooded areas and 15 landslides, and 5 roads and 3 bridges in 20 districts in 5 states (Johor, Kelantan, Pahang, Perak, Terengganu) with a total of 8,201 families/28,686 persons displaced in 308 evacuation centres. As of 18 December 2022, 94 people were affected by landslide on 16 December 2022 at the campsite in Batang Kali, Hulu Selangor, Selangor State. 61 persons were rescued alive, 24 found dead, 9 persons still missing. The Department of Irrigation and Drainage (JPS) warned that several areas in the districts of Kuala Terengganu, Besut, Setiu, Hulu Terengganu, Dungun and Kemaman were expected to be hit by floods starting from 19 December 2022. The current monsoon is expected to last until 24 December 2022, potentially bringing strong winds, big waves and persistent rainfall in the northern and east coast states. Search and rescue and evacuation operations are ongoing. The government identified flood hotspots nationwide. (ECHO, 19 Dec 2022)

Following widespread floods that are hitting the states of Johor, Kelantan, Pahang, Perak, and Terengganu, the number of fatalities reached five people. More than 63,000 people have been displaced and most of them were evacuated in 458 evacuation centres (ASEAN Disaster Information Network - ADINet). For the next 24 hours, moderate rain is expected over southern Thailand while heavy, very heavy rainfall is forecast across north-eastern Malaysia. (ECHO, 20 Dec 2022)

As of 21 Dec 2022, a total of 108 areas are flooded and 16 landslides occurred, as well as 7 roads and 3 bridges were reportedly damaged by Jabatan Kerja Raya (JKR). Agensi Pengurusan Bencana (NADMA) Malaysia has reported flooding and landslides in 20 districts in the states of Johor, Kelantan, Pahang, Perak, and Terengganu with a total of 5 persons dead and 20,554 families/72,510 persons displaced in 418 evacuation centres. A total of 61 persons were rescued alive, 26 found dead, and 7 missing from landslides in Batang Kali, Hulu Selangor, Selangor States. The Special Malaysia Disaster Assistance and Rescue Team (SMART) has been mobilised to respond to the disasters. Personnel from the Malaysian Armed Forces, Royal Malaysian Police, Fire and Rescue Department of Malaysia, Malaysia Civil Defence Force and other agencies were also mobilised to provide support and evacuate the affected people. [...] These disasters are still within the capacity of the Government of Malaysia (State Level). (AHA Centre, 21 Dec 2022)

Heavy rainfall has been affecting northern Peninsular Malaysia (particularly Perak, and Terengganu States) since 11 January, causing floods that have resulted in evacuations and damage. The ASEAN Disaster Information Network (ADINet) reports, as of 16 January, more than 160 evacuated people in two evacuation centres and three damaged roads across Kampar (southern Perak State) and Hulu Terengganu (central Terengganu State) districts. (ECHO, 16 Jan 2023)

Since 24 January, heavy rain and widespread floods have been affecting parts of Malaysia both the peninsular areas and the Malaysian regions of Borneo Island, resulting in displacement and damage. The most affected states are Johor, Pahang, and Sabah States. According to media reports, more than 5,000 people have been evacuated across several localities of Johor State and more than 6,000 people have been evacuated in Sabah State due to floods. (ECHO, 26 Jan 2023)

DR Congo: Floods and Landslides - Dec 2022

Affected country: Democratic Republic of the Congo
Glide: FL-2022-000376-COD

Flooding caused by heavy rains has caused loss of life and extensive property damages and the destruction of critical infrastructure in Kinshasa, the capital of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), on the night of 12 to 13 December. According to the Congolese authorities, at least 120 people died, nearly 39,000 households were flooded and at least 282 houses were destroyed, leaving many families homeless. (OCHA, 14 Dec 2022)

As of 16 December, the Congolese authorities reported that at least 169 people have died; around 30 were injured and receiving treatment in hospitals across the city and at least 280 houses were destroyed. Mont-Ngafula and Ngaliema are the hardest hit areas by the heavy downpour which has affected around 38,000 people across the city, according to the Government. (OCHA, 16 Dec 2022)

On 29-30 December, a number of landslides caused by heavy rainfall occurred in South Kivu Province in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), resulting in casualties. According to media reports, at least 10 people died, nine others have been injured and a number of individuals are missing. Moderate to locally heavy rainfall is forecast on 4-7 January over western, southern and eastern DRC, including South Kivu Province. (ECHO, 4 Jan 2023)

South Kivu province located in the far eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) continues to be affected by floods and landslides caused by heavy rainfall, which have resulted in an increased humanitarian impact. According to media reports, five additional fatalities occurred on 4-5 January in Bukavu city, where several people had to be rescued and at least eight individuals were injured. Several parts of the city were damaged, including some road sections and a number of houses, leaving some residents displaced. On 9-11 January, moderate to locally heavy rainfall is forecast over southern, central-eastern and eastern DRC, including South Kivu Province. (ECHO, 9 Jan 2023)

Trinidad and Tobago: Floods - Nov 2022

Affected country: Trinidad and Tobago
Glide: FL-2022-000374-TTO

In the morning of 26 November, Trinidad began experiencing rainfall which was concentrated in the northern and central parts of the island. Compounding weeks of constant rainfall have caused ground level saturation and many major watercourses were already filled. Several communities along the east-west corridor experienced street and flash flooding. In the afternoon of 26 November, the Caroni River began to burst its banks in some areas causing riverine flooding in Bamboo #2, Valsayn South, Real Spring Gardens, Kelly Village, Madras Road and El Carmen, St. Helena. [...] As of 29 November, official government reports [...] indicated over 30 flood incidents, over 51 landslides and 4 reports of damage structures across 12 administrative districts. While the adverse weather alerts were discontinued in the afternoon of 29 November, the Riverine Flooding Alert remained effective at Orange Level (High Risk) and extended until noon on 30 November. Approximately 100,000 people affected remain under threat and at risk from further rainfall events. (IFRC, 9 Dec 2022)

Mongolia: Dzud - Dec 2022

Affected country: Mongolia
Glide: CW-2022-000372-MNG

As stated by the National Agency for Environmental monitoring and Meterology, the extreme cold had been anticipated (issued on 22 November) starting from 28 November to 2 December. [...] The forecast was materialized during 28 November - 2 December and due to precipitation and snowstorms in the central and eastern provinces during 24-25 November 2022. As of 2 December, in Uvs and Khovd provinces, 216 livestock from 12 households have perished, 2 gers have been completely destroyed, 4 people went missing and 4 found, 2 of them are being hospitalized.

NAMEM released the Dzud risk map on 2 December 2022, which indicates that 16 per cent of the Mongolian territory is at the highest level of risk, 43 per cent is at high level of risk of Dzud, 33 per cent is at moderate risk, 10 per cent is at low and the least level of risk. The most soums with high-level risks are located in Bayan-Ulgii, Uvs, Zavkhan, Bayankhongor, Govi-Altia, Uvurkhangai, Bayankhongor, a few soums in Dornogovi, Sukhbaatar and Dundgovi are also identified to be a very high level of risk. According to NAMEM, Dzud index has a high correlation to livestock mortality (1940 - 2015 plot of Dzud index, drought index and livestock, NAMEM), also, the vegetation index plays a major role in the shaping of winter (Trigger update variation, 501). The high temperature and low precipitation caused severe drought in the summer, which is the reason why the livestock couldn't accumulate enough fat to overcome the winter, and the meteorology office stated anomalous low temperatures in late December. As mentioned before due to the drought and economic inflation, meat price has been significantly reduced, therefore decreasing the income of herders. Combined with the severe winter, the herder households are at risk to fail to meet the immediate basic needs.

Considering the historical data, peak of livestock mortality is from February to April and the January is the coldest month where the livestock is exposed and became malnourished, the livestock perishes in mass numbers due to the direct cold exposure or malnutrition. The herder households solemnly rely on their livestock for the food and income, losing the livestock would cause the herder households the loss of livelihoods and food insecurity, enormous psychological stress.

According to vulnerability analysis, the population most exposed to the Dzud are the herder population who have up to 400 livestock as the herders who have more than 400 livestock been considered to have more availability to recover from Dzud damage as there’s more chance, they will have animals left after the Dzud. There are about 51,000 herders (National Statistics office) in those 5 provinces meanwhile 37,000 herders who own 100-500 livestock who are identified to be more vulnerable to the cold wave. Govi-Altai, Arkhangai and Uvurkhangai provinces were assessed to be at moderate risk level. (IFRC, 8 Dec 2022)

Kenya: Cholera Outbreak - Oct 2022

Affected country: Kenya
Glide: EP-2022-000367-KEN

On 19 October 2022, the Kenya Ministry of Health issued a communication to all County Directors of Health on a multi-county cholera outbreak following the isolation of Vibrio cholerae-01 Ogawa serotype at The National Public Health Microbiology Laboratory. The first cases were detected following a wedding festival that was held in Limuru sub-county, Kiambu County on Saturday of 8 October 2022. Additional cases have been linked to another function that was help on 29 October 2022 along Kiambu road. The date of onset for the first cases is 8 October 2022. The outbreak is currently active in seven counties and been controlled in Nakuru and Uasin Gishu Counties. As of 13 November 2022, a total of 568 cases with 281 confirmed (48 cases by culture and 233 by rapid diagnostic test) and 15 deaths (CFR = 2.6%), have been reported so far. The highest caseload has been registered in Machakos county with 215 cases (37.8%), followed by Nairobi County with 155 cases (27.3%), and Kiambu County with 86 cases (15.1%). Among the 15 deaths reported, nine (60.0%) are reported from Nairobi County and Garissa, while Kiambu and Machakos Counties have reported each two deaths so far. In the past one week (week 45), a total of 326 new cases with seven new deaths were reported. (WHO, 25 Nov 2022)

As of 18th December 2022, the outbreak had affected 12 counties: Nairobi, Kiambu, Nakuru, Uasin Gishu, Kajiado, Murang’a, Machakos, Garissa, Meru, Nyeri, Wajir and Tana River. A total of 2 959 cases 105 confirmed by culture and 55 deaths (CFR 1.9 %) had been reported. (WHO, 13 Jan 2023)

Since the confirmation of the first case on 8 October 2022, the cumulative number of suspected cases as of 14 January 2023, was 3 970 cases including 70 deaths (CFR 1.8%). (WHO, 20 Jan 2023)

Panama: Floods - Nov 2022

Affected country: Panama
Glide: FL-2022-000365-PAN

The Pacific coast of central Panama has been affected by flooding due to the overflow of the La Villa, Tonosí, and El Cacao rivers. The National System of Civil Protection (SINAPROC) reports that in Los Santos province, more than 46 families have been evacuated, while in Herrera province, rescue teams have evacuated more than 25 families and approximately 50 houses have been affected. So far, no shelters have been set up in the above-mentioned provinces. Moderate to heavy rainfall with thunderstorms is forecast on 21-22 November over most of Panama, including Los Santos and Herrera provinces. (ECHO, 21 Nov 2022)

Heavy rainfall continues to affect Panama, causing floods and landslides. On 20 November a landslide event occurred in Colón Province (Atlantic coast of central Panama), resulting in two fatalities. On the Pacific coast of central Panama, the humanitarian impact stands at about 70 displaced families across Los Santos and Herrera Provinces. Moderate rainfall is forecast over most of Panama on 23-25 November. (ECHO, 23 Nov 2022)

Eswatini: Hailstorms - Nov 2022

Affected country: Eswatini
Glide: OT-2022-000361-SWZ

A hailstorm with strong winds and big hail stones was experienced on Saturday 5 November 2022 night, affecting mostly Nsingizini and Nsubane communities under Hosea and Somntongo in the Shiselweni region. The affected communities are in the Lowveld of the country.

An estimated 1,058 people (213 households) were affected by the storm with some families losing their roofs which were blown away or roofing sheets riddled by the hailstones. Window glasses were also shattered and household furniture, food, school uniforms, books, and other documents soaked in water. (IFRC, 22 Nov 2022)

Indonesia: Earthquake - Nov 2022

Affected country: Indonesia
Glide: EQ-2022-000363-IDN

An earthquake of 5.6 M at a depth of 10 km occurred in West Java Province (Indonesia) on 21 November at 6.21 UTC (13.21 local time). The epicentre of the earthquake was on land, about 10 km south-west of Cianjur Regency (West Java Province). USGS PAGER estimates that up to 242,000 people were exposed to very strong shaking and up to 978,000 people to strong shaking. The earthquake event was felt as well in the Jakarta Capital City, according to media reports. According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), two people died and four others sustained injuries in Cianjur. Initial damage estimations report at least seven destroyed houses, two damaged government buildings, three damaged educational facilities, and one damaged place of worship. Warnings for heavy rainfall accompanied by lightning and strong winds have been issued for 21-22 November over West Java, including Cianjur Regency. (ECHO, 21 Nov 2022)

A deadly 5.6-magnitude earthquake struck western Indonesia Monday, killing at least 162 people and injuring hundreds in Cianjur in West Java. Hundreds of structures were destroyed or damaged in the area, where landslides are frequent. Thousands are estimated to have been displaced from their homes, and medical facilities were treating patients outdoors. Search and rescue operations are ongoing. (Direct Relief, 21 Nov 2022)

According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB), the number of fatalities reached 271 people while 40 people are still missing, and more than 2,000 have been injured. In addition, 61,908 people have been displaced, while 22,241 houses have been seriously damaged, 11,641 moderately damaged, and 22,090 slightly damaged. (ECHO, 24 Nov 2022)

According to the latest official estimate as of November 24, 100 children under 15 years have lost their lives, making up 37 per cent of the 272 total number of persons killed. Reports indicate that 2,046 persons have been injured, 39 persons are missing ​and 62,882 persons have been displaced. Damage assessments show that 45 schools have been affected in the earthquake area. An estimated 18 students and 5 teachers are reported as casualties, and 267 students and 10 teachers have been injured. (UNICEF, 25 Nov 2022)

As of 27 November, 321 people have been confirmed killed, with 595 people seriously injured and more than 10,000 people slightly injured. The Government has registered 73,874 displaced people (including 92 people with disability, 1,207 pregnant women, and 4,240 elderly people) and more than 62,000 houses were reported damaged at various level of severity. The earthquake also damaged 342 schools and other educational facilities. (OCHA, 28 Nov 2022)

The number of casualties has increased across the West Java Province (Indonesia) due to the 5.6M earthquake at a depth of 10 km that occurred on 21 November at 6.21 UTC in Cianjur Regency. The Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) reports, as of 29 November, 327 fatalities, 13 people still missing, 68 injured people currently hospitalised in Cianjur Town regional hospital and a total of approximately 108,700 evacuated people across several evacuation points. (ECHO, 30 Nov 2022)

Following Cianjur earthquake in West Java, the National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) reported around 7,700 people were injured due to falling structures and debris while 73,000 people were displaced, and about 62,000 housing units and 368 schools were either damaged or destroyed. The government confirmed that assistance for renovating houses affected by the earthquake would begin this week. Indonesia experienced multiple earthquakes above 6 M this week including 6.2 M earthquake in East Java province on 6 December at a depth of 10 km. One person was injured and four houses were damaged in the town of Garut and 6.1 M earthquake in West Java at the of 104 km on 8 December according to BNPB. (ECHO, 8 Dec 2022)

Nepal: Earthquake - Nov 2022

Affected country: Nepal
Glide: EQ-2022-000358-NPL

On the early morning of 9 November 2022, an earthquake of 6.6 magnitude struck Doti district in the far western part of Nepal. According to reports, the epicentre was in Khaptad Chhanna Rural Municipality of Doti District. The shock was felt strongly in the adjoining district, as well as in some parts of India. According to data from the Government of Nepal, six people were killed and eight were injured. In the evening of 12 November, another strong earthquake was felt in Bajhang district. As of 14 November, affected people are living in the open and are in urgent need of emergency shelter, as well as improved access to water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH), psychosocial support (PSS), and protection services. (IFRC, 18 Nov 2022)